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s THE OS J ID vOEMOCMAT. '
- v ... .. -unr LIBEHT as, mi r ATUIA.'' Ckero. here ; .liberty dwells, thei is ft Country." 1 ""v ' '' .
i 1 1 i i' - ' j
BY MITCHENEK & MATHEWS. , NEW PHILADELPHIA, OHIO., THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 29, 1841. , - VOL. 2 AO- 28, WHOLE NO 80
r ' a
POET II Y.
On Receiving a Lock of mr Mother's Hair.
This tingle lock of raven hair ' "
I&'all remaining, now lo me
Of lier, whose ceaseless, lender care
Watched o'er my helpless Infancy,
Tla all that'i left of one who died
Too early for her aon to know
A Mother'! loan, whose kindness, tried,
When others failed, could soothe his woe-
V . Yet often now, my fancy warm
, With thoughts of hor who gave me birth
Tries 1ft portray her gentle form
, And paint her as she looked pn earth-
'". . - But vSUfly memory youth recalls'" '' '
' ' v And scenos from life.'s bright morning bloom
O'er her oblivion's mantle falls '
Remembrance speaks but of her tomb.
And tljou art mute, thou glossy tress
Thou once wert hers, thou now art mine
tone relic canBt thou nought express
As round my hand thy length I twine,
Ay, by thy silence Is expretf ' ' ' '
What uttered words might fail to do
And thy dumb eloquence the best -
For thoughts, that thrill my bosom through-
Where now the voice whose gentle Call
To lull my infant slumbers strove;
That smile and kits, and more than all ,
Her look, my mother's look of love.
The arm which strained me to her breast
With pressure such as Mothers give;
The eye that shone supremely bleat .
To see the boy, and see him live
Where are they gone, and yonder stone
Narrates her fate and points the spot
Where lowly lies the dust of one,
Mouldered long since, but unforgot.
And soon liko her will pass away . .
? The son she loved and dying, blest,
Earth's enres his spirit cease to swny . .
And child and parent bo at rest,
: Best till the trumpet's call shall sound
, Olicdicnt to Jehovah's nod
Anil son and mother meet around .
The dread tribunal of their God. , ,
HUKR AND HIS DAUGHTER,
Tim hisiory of every nation is full of romantic inci.
dents. England has the story of linr Alfro l, Scotland
of her Wallace, lier Bruce, her Mary , and lior Cliarles
Slcwnrt. Ireland her Fitzgerald, Franco her Afun with
I'm Iron Mask, anil Marie Antoinsrte; Poland her Thad
ileus? and Ruuia lier Siberian EiHes. -- - ,
But we very much doubt whether any exceed in in
tnrest (lie exceedingly touching story of Aarcn Burr
and his giAod, his bcuulil'ul datighter,Theodosia. The
rise and fill nfBiirr in the affections of his country are
Mihj'if.tj of deep historical interest. At oho lime wo
sou him carried on the wave of popular favor to such
giddy heigh's that the Presidency itself seemed almost
within his grasp, which he only missed to been ne the
tecond officer in the new Republic. He hncame the
Vice President ofthe United States, ' ilow rapid his
rise! and then hie fall, how enddon, how complete! In
consequence of his duel with Hamilton ho became a fu
gitive from justice, h indicted for murder by th Grand
Jury of New Jersey flies to the S,iulh; lives ftir a fuw
months in aecurily until tho meeting bl Conpws; wlieri
he conies forth an I npiiii lakes the chair n Piesiileiit
bflhu Senate. After hi" tenn expire" he jjoee t" the
Ve.t, lincoini's the lending spirit in a scheme of atnUi
lion to iiivnde Moxico, (vry few will nut Iwlieve he
fought a (li"iiien.bermei:t of tlio Union) i brought back
H prisnirer of Slum to Rirliiiioml , chnigod with high
livusuii; is tried dinl u:quilti d; i tuicud tu h nvo his na
tive laud and go In Europe, lij England lie is suspec
Jet and retires tu Fran ; c where lie lives in reduced cir
cumstnnccs, ut times not being ablo to procure a meal
ofvitualr. After an absence of several years he finds
moans to return homo.' ' lie lands in Boston wilhoiil a
cent in his pocket, an object 'of distrust to all.
Burr had heard no tiding of his daughter since his de
parture from his homcjhu was anxious Inliear' from her,
ier husband, and her boy, an only child in horn her
miul seemed bound up.' The first news he heard was
that his grandchild had died while he was un O'Hcast
ill fureigu lands which stroke he bit keenly ' for he
dearly loved lite bny. Theidnsia, Ihe daughter of Burr,
was Ihe wife of Gov, Alston ofSonth Carolina." She
was married young and while hor father Writ near the
zonilh of his fame, She was beautiful and accomplish
ed, a lady of the finest feelings, an elegant writer, a de
Toted wife, a fond mother, a most dutiful upd loving
daughter, who clung with redoubled affection to tho fur.
tunes of her father, as the clou Js of adversity gnlhered
around;' and he was deserted by the friends whom lie
formally cherished. '
The first duty Burr performed afler his arrrivnC here
was to acquaint Mrs. Alston of his return. She imme
diately wrote back to him that she was corning to see
him, and would moot him in a few weeks in N. York.
The letter was couched in the most affectionate terms,
rind is another evidence of the purity and ptwer of wo
man's lover .,- 1 ' ' .
In the expectation ofseeing hit daughter in a few
days, Uurr recoived much pleasuie. She had become
hit all on earth. Wife, grandchild friend's and all were
gone, hit daughter nlone remained to cheer and solace
the evening of his life and lo welcomo him hack from his
exile. Days passed on then weeks and weeks were
lengthened into months yet naught was hekfd of Mrs.
Alston. Burr grew impatient, and bogah to, think (hat
ihe too had eft him. to ant it misfortune to doubt the
tincerity of friendship.' At lonsth lie received i 'letter
from Mr. Alston, inquiring if hit wife had arrived safe.
and stating tim! sht had tailed from Charleston om
jreeki previotit, in a vesael cbartereby film an pur
pote lo convey her lo N. York, " Not receiyinj any ti-
dings of her arrival ha was anxious to learn the cause
ofhertilence. v,( ,Jf ., . ' ' I ', j .
. What had occurred to delajr (he vessel Why bad it
. pot arriveuT, , iiieje wore quejuoes which- purr asked
The sequel is aunp told. The vessel nttvur arrived.
It undoubtedly foundered nt and nil on board pur.
ished. No tiding has aver been heard respecting the
vessel, the crew, or the daughter of Aaron Burr all
were lost. . This last sad bereavement was only requi
red to fill Burr't cup of sorrow. Tho last link was bro
ken which bound him to life. The uncertainty of her
fate but added to the poignancy of hit grief. Hope,ihe
last refuge of the afflicted, became extinct when yeart
had rolled on, and yet no tiding! of the loved and lost
Burr lived in New York until, tha year 1835 (we be
lieve) when he died. The last years of his life were
passed in comparative obscurity. Some lew old friends,
who had never wholly deserted hijlwjKfire hU compan
ions; they closed bit eyes in death, and followed him
to his grave, where it shall rest till the dread trump of
tha Almighty shall call It DjudgmenU ,
THE OLD WORLD AND THE NEW.
' The larks now carrot the tame song, and in the same
key. as when Adam first turned his enraptured ear to
catch the moral. The owl first hooted in b flat; and 'it
still loves the key.and screams through no other octaves,
In the tame key has ever ticked the death watch: whilo
all the three noted chirps of the cricket have ever have
ever been in b, since Tubal Cain first heard them in hit
smithy, or the Israelites in their ash-ovens. Never has
the buzz of the great gnat risen above the second 4,'nor
that of the house-fly's wing tunk below the first r.
Flowers. Sound had, at first the same connection
with color as it has now; and the right angle of light's
incidence might as much produce a sound pn the first
turrets of Cain's city, as it it now said to do on one of
the Pyramids. The tulip, in its first bloom in Noah's
Garden, emitted heat four and a halt degrees above tho
atmosphere, at it does at the present day.
. Birds. In the first migration of birds, they passed
from north to south, and fled over the narrowest part of
the seas, as they will next autumn. Tho stormy petrel
s much delighted to sport amongst the first billows
which the Indian Ocean ever raised, as it due. now.
The cuckoo and nightingule first began their song to
gether,, analogous to the beginning of our April, in tha
days of Nimriid. Bird that lived on flics, laid blueish
eggs in lhadays of Josoph, as ihey will two thousand
years henoe, ifthe sun does not full from his throne, or
the earth does not break her harness from the planetary
car. The first bird that was caged, oflo ier sung in a
dngio, than in its nuturul spirit. The rat and the robin
followed the footsteps uf Noah, as they do ours.
Insects. Coinls have ever grown edgways to the
ocean stream. . Eight millions two hundred and eighty
thousand aninialculue could as well live in a drop of wa
ter in the days ofSoth, as now. Flying insects had or.
their coats of mail in the days of Japhet, over which
thev havo evor waved plumes of more gaudy features
than the peacock ever dropped. The bees ihu.Hfliinl
ed Eve her first honey, made their cquihs hexagonal; A
the first housefly produced twenty millions eight thou
sand three hundred ana twenty eggs in one year, as she
does at present. The first jump of the first flea was
two hundred times its pwn length, as it was the last
Iron. There was iron enough in the blood of the
first forty-three men to make a ploughshare, as there is
to-day, from whatever country or men you collect. The
lungs of Abel contained a coil of vital matter, one hun
dred and fifly-nine feet square, as mine; and the first in
spiration of Adam con9ti ued seventeen cubic inches of
air, as do those of every adult reader,
ClMIARCTEIl OF A WELL BRED MAN;
Some have supposed the fino gentleman and the well
bred man to be synonymous cbaraclms; but I will make
it appear that nothing can be mora widely different; Ihe
former leaves naluio entirely, the litter improves upon
her. He it neither a slave nor an enemy to pleasure,
but approves or rejeels as his reason shall direct. He
is above stooping to flatter a knave, though in an exat
ted station; nor ever overlooks merit, though he should
find it in a collage. His behaviour is affable and res
poctful, et not cringing or formal, in his manners easy
and uiriTo::lfld. He inissm no opportunity wherein he
can nbligo his fien.U, yet duet it in to delicate a man
ner that ho seems rather to have received than confured
a favor. He docs not profess a passion he never felt, to
impose upon tle credulity of n silly woman," nor will
he injiiro another's reputation to please her vanity. He
cannot love where he dues not esteem, nor ever suffers
his passions lo oyeronmo his reanon. In. his friendship
he is steady ind sincere, and lives lest fur hjmielf than
Libkrtv. In what does liberty consist? If we fol
low impulse, we are its slaves if we discipline our ac
tions to llie-dir.tate.sol'a worldly policy, we are slaves.
I have sometimes imagined ilt estence was oblivion
of the oast, unconcern for the future, aqrjan e
qual recklessness for Ihe approbation or contempt of the
world but such a lone of feeling would blot out every
tlimulanl to action. , " , , -., . . .
' DissEUBLtKG. '"He who cannot dissemble, knows
not how to live." ' This is the substance of all creeds
and of every ty stain nf education, lor how otherwise
can we render the perpetual command to tubjujate our
mindt apd'coi-qUer passion?
JosEFumx. -Josephine was constitutionally all that
is amiable and delightful but vainly does htr sybil bi
ographer Insist that she sincerely regretted the reverses
of Napoleon; the gratuitous insolence of his satire,- and
Ihs interference with her costume, milliners, and her
hairdressers, she might easily have pardoned, but when
he si unfeelingly, so unhesitatingly sacrificed her to' his
ambition, and heaped disgrace on hor unprotecled head,
not to rejoice in hit defeats were impossible. The di
yorco wat also an insult to their old friends, and to Jhe
companion! of his youthful glory; in dissolving a plet
bian alliance, end seeking to.oonnect himself with an
cient royalty; he admitted the xittence of a merit which
was opt individual and perianal, arid" dishonored the
principles of the revolution. .Undazzltd by herialta.
tipn, Josephine wat capable uf discerning truth 'whyv
taid she "should I fancy my destiny of mort Impor
tance thin those of ihousondt of Frenchmen whom my
husband's ambition J'.as caused to fall In battle?" where
js (Ire pi inputs of royal birth cipablt pfiuch a reflections'
. ': t ' ' :j fi '', t;v : fi
man must hourly toil lo sustain ihe thread of his miser-'
able existence, though the laws of his country be Jight
as air, an Asiatic slavo, whose tasks are easy, is more
essentially free than him. V ' ,: ' .- .
Nature's i.ws. If nature's Apparent laws should
be reversed, and the negro soar into the poet and artist,
hisfirstjtep must be the creation nf a new code for the .
fine arts, and the erasure of all those chartered analo -gies
between sentient and inanimate beauty, consecra
ted in the "fur times," when taMe and genius turned
the Grecian lyre dark will J le knur when jet and
charcoal supersede thi rose jjjdiljrjdjubioaand co-;
ml ere banUrred tnYliiappmpiiajvpmllenis--a table
Popa will not ehig uf ruby lipe, nor'',' sable" Raphael
paint them. - . '- . .
It feminine beauty were blotted from creation, and
man, retaining his elegance of form and lustre of com
plexion, beheld every female transformed into the like
ness of our negrosses, would the position of women con
tinue exactly the same in sociely? ': When the disgust of
the first shock subsided, or the present generation hav.
ing passed away, and female beauty become as a tradi
tion ofthe giants would some fantastic image , with
proportions not founded in nature, be the beau ideal of
imagination then, and the marble goddesses, sole rec
ords ot departed beauty, be regarded at memorials of a
false and unnatural taste?
SPEECH OF MR. KENNEDY'OF INDIANA.
In the House of Representatives, June 30th, 1841 In
Committee ol the Whole, on the state of the Union,
-on the bill for the distribution ofthe proceeds of the
Mr. Kennedy rose and made some preliminary re
marks, about the difference between him and his col
leagues -the constitutionality ofthe measure the orig
inal owners of these lands tho right of Congress to give
them away, andthen proceeded to give his reasons
why he could not support the bill, as follows:
1 oppose il first, and mainly; because it is
emphatically wrong in principle, and
ruinous in its effects. Gentlemen say, and let
them attempt lo disguise it as much as Ihey
please, yet the fact will etill be apparent to the
moot casual observer, thtt this ie nothing more
nor lean than a project to empty the Treasury
of this nation, in order to croate a pretext for
creating a national debt. There is a certain
c'rss of politicians in this eountry who think a
national debt a national blessing. This doc
trine was avowed to the American people ma
ny years ago. The people, however, were of
a dinerent opinion, a majority believing, as 1
most religiously believe, thai a national debt
is a national curse. Thin being the opinion of
the people lully expressed, and trnme of thoMe
holding the fornler opinion c'6nWif into power
il becomes neocesrary, in order lo make Ihe
people acquiesce in a public debt, that you
vhould convince them that it was neccestarv
to create a debt, in order to carry on the ope'r
attons of the Government; hence, the first
measure is, to divide (he public treasury arnona
the Stales. And then one of two (nines inevi
lably follows; you must either make up the de
ficit by a hifih protective tariff, or resort to a
loati for that purpose. This, Mr. Chairman,
is one ofthe corner stones of a set of measur
es which ero to follow; all of which 1 believe
to be, in their tendency, the niont pernicious
to the American penpln. Therefore I oppose
it. But, sir, it is said that the States are in
dt'.hl, and that this money will give them reat
rMiof; and the Stele which I have the honer in
put to repretont, has been frequently alluded
to. It is said that she is deeply in debt, and
that she wants the money sho will receive by
thm bill to relieve herself. Well, suppose she
is in dnbt. She contracted the debt herself,
and ifyou will let her alone, she will pay her
debts wiihout asking ihe other States lr). help
her. For the proposition now before us, is
not whether you will g vo the States a surplus
of money which you have on hand; but it is
whether the General Government will collect
from the people of ihe Slates money lo distri
bute among Ihe States. This, sir.is the plain
state ofthe case, for no One pretends lo deny
that every dollar you extract from tha Treasu
ry to distribute, must be mads up by imposing
a heavier tat upon Ihe people.
The naked proposition, striped of ell its
sham pretences of aiding the plates, is lo dis
tribute to (lie States with one hand, and then
to lake from the people in the shape of addi
tional taxes, a greater amount with the other.
It is no nime nor lees, sir, than an attempt to
buy the people wilh their awn money. It has
bribery, sir, stamped upon its . verv face. It
involves not only an act rf gross injustice upon
Ihem, but is an insult to their understanding,
Bui, Mr. Chairman, the State from which I
come does not wish this Government lo . tax
her Sister Slates to pay her debts; for if this
money which you propose tu distribute ' In us
is to be received from .the citizens of other
States, it ie unjust for uslo receive it. It is
making those who had no hand in creating our
debt, pay that debt! If (he money : must be
raised from the pockets ofthe people of Indi
ana to malte up this deficit, then let us raise it
ourselves jn our own wayM The State of In
diana is not yet reduced to tjlBJIf degraded con
dition that she needs a guardian-. .. -Nor are her
representatives on this floor any better able to
lay a lax upon her citizens, titan her represen
titivsa in her own Legislature. There is a'
nother objection to this mode of laying taxes
to pay Stale debts. It begets stieckleta spir
it of extravagance in our State Legislature.
by removing from . them the responsibility of
laying taxe6 upon4beir coDs'tituerito pay the
debts tbey contract. r; A.nd by this Vneana the:
neoole ofthe States have been led m. hi ind.
P foU to contracting debts, , which . nave born
upon tnera like an incubus; and frotiAwhloh 'it
will take a long and atrial course of economy
to foliov thorn, This is tho Xjtct sitWan of
my own State, If the Legislature of , Indiana
bad levied upon the people of that . Stale, at
the commencement of her system of internal
improvement, barely sufficient lo pay the '. in
teresl upon Ihe loans they had contracted, they
would never have suffered their Representa
tives to proceed the distanoe they have plung
ing her into the debt which no hangs about
her neck like a millstone; and which Is now
made tha excuse to bribe her people at bome, .
and her Representatives here, into a support of
this iniquitous' messure. - '
Mr. Chairmau, my feeling of State, pride
woulrj prevent me from supporting this meas
re, I'aaa-this Wll, and what would be "the"
spectacle presented here? You would see,
sir, the once proud and independent Stutes
of this Confederacy coming here, year afler
year, and begging (by their Representatives on
this floorj for what? Why, sir, that this Gov
ernment, which was created by them, would
bo so generous and condescending as to give
them a few paltry dollars! a little money to pay
thsir debts with! What a spectacle of humili
ation! What a descent from the once proud
height of Stale pride and independancel For
one, although 1 mayetaod alone in the delega
tion from tne indebted States, I will not sub
mit to this humiliation, this degrading position
And should it be my lot to fall in this conflict,
J shall have the proud satisfaction of knowing
that 1 fell in the last ditch, contending for tho
preservation ofthe dignity and character of my
State. If this principle be adopted, whore is
it to end? Will you stop distributing the mon
ey ofthe General Government to the States,
when this tund is exhausted! iNo, sir, no!
Once set the example, and there will be no
end (o the policy except in the total destruc
tion of all State pride, and Ihe consolidation
of this Government, What is it that has hith.
erto kept up our Slate Governments, in all
their efiiciuncy and vigor. It was not the ide
al boundaries of ihe Slate Governments, but it
was a feeling of State pride, sir; Stale pride
which led men to regard Ihe offices and hon
ors son Shred upon tbem by a Slate, equal in
dignity and rank to those of Ihe General Gov
ernment; which made a man as proud of being
the Governor of a State, as the President of
the United Stales as proud of bring a mem
be of this body. This, sir, was what kept up
those State Government, which our forefathi
era (bought, and labored so jealously lo leach
us, were tne palladiums of American liberty!
What, Mr. Chairman, is the point to which
we are now tending, and Ihe courses which, il
seems to me, we have been lately pursuing in
hot haste? It is to consociation! For, as 1,
said before, destroy Stale pride, make men
forget (hat they are citizens of a Stale, and
you might as well blot out (be bnundry line
which divides one S'ata from - nothei. I bate
witnessed, with deep mortification, the power
ful strides we have for Ihe last few years been
making towards this goal of State subservien
cy. Why, sir, ihus,been (be case, more or
less, in all the Slates for the last few years,
that if any person was a candidate for a Stale,
county, or even a township office, he was
first asked what were bis views of State poli
cy; not who are you for President, or for a seal
in Congress? But now all is swallowed up in
national politics; no man now-a-days seems
to think it worth bis while lo have any State
politics. Such is now the tendency of things.
Hut pass this bill; ssy thai the Stales shall
come here for all the funds they receive; come
here to have the taxes levied to support their
Slate Government-, and you give the finishing
stroke to State interest and State pride, which
have hitherto preserved their sovereignty
and independance; and I predict, (hat from
that time forward, whatever this Federal Gov
ernnmni may be in name, it will be, in fact, a
fincle, central, consolidated Government from
which maytbe God of our Fthe' preserve up.
The gentleman from Maine Mr. Clifford
ban shown us a statement from the proper De
partment, that the General Government has
expended, -in the purchase and sale ofthe pub
lic domain more than it has received in return
by smr.e f nrti en millions of dollars, and con
sequently there is nothing to distribute. With
these statistics the gentleman from Michigan
Mr. IowARD;falls out, and attempts lo prove
by Gen, Jackson's vela message, that Ihe gen
t:eman Irom Maine is in error.. This veto
message, Mr. Chairmen, is a curious quarter
for the gentleman from Michigau losaek his
information? Dut he seems entirely to forget
. ihat, since tha year lck, when this calcula
tion was made, there has been purchased from
Ihe Indians and sold lo the citizens, a vast a
monnt of lands, more than at any other period
ofthe same length in Ihe history of our Gov
ernment, and that in Ihat time the price of the
soil and Ihe expense of sale has vastly accum
ulated, whilst Ihe land has been sold at Ihe
same price of $1 25 per acre. The gentle
man seems lo think that tbe statement of the
gentleman from Maine was erroneous. Well,
Mr. Chairman, this may be the case; I have
not examined it. But I have scarcely ever
found a Yankee mistaken in his figures! We
of the West, who speak ofr-hand,and,from"lbe
impulse of the. moment,, and from
the impulse ofthe moment, may sometimes bo
wroog in our statistics. But, when you see a
cool-headed New Englander ait down and
: make up bis table of .figures, be ia mighty apt
to be right. . . .
Here Mr, Howard said ho was a, Yankee
tooh - -
Well, Mr. Chairman, the gentleman says
ha is a Yankee too , If he is, he baa wander
ed far from the land of his birth, and. in my
jmind, he has become, as we call it in tha West
: considerably hoozikrized. f A lauah.1 - --t
But the ffentleman from Michiran.- in hit
rlouUtjoaof tha expenses of the General
Government, connected with lbs pubhe land,
say much about expenses of surveys and sales,
aud talks loud about the mnev beine lost br
Ihe dithlestnese of Price, 8warteut, and olb
er defaulters.'. Much money, Mr. Chairman,
may have been lost in ths way; bitl I must con
fess that this is the first line that I ever heard
that Swartwout was in stir way connected
with the publie lands! A laugh. '
The gentleman from Michigan complains
tkat these public lands should have been a bur
dn, rather than a source of revenue to Iho A.
General Government. Why, sir, I thought jt . ' '
Jdbeenjhe policy of this Government lo sell ' -those
lands low, so as to make it asy for the
pioneer of Ihe West lo become a freeman, by '
being the owner ol a sufficient amount of tbe
soil, upon which he could honestly raise up his
growing family, rather than lo make tbem a -source
of revenue: Yes, sir; it is the true pol
icy of this Government to hold out to the' hon
est poor ofthe old Stales inducements to emi
grate to the Western world, and there become
the proprietors ofthe soil in Ihe valley of Ihe
Mississippi And the consequence ef this pol
icy has been to make the 'wildoroess blossom
as the rose.' And where is the man who
would now change this policy? I see, Mr.
Chairman, in Iho bill upon your table, a feat
ure which, in the consequences necesarily re
sulting from il, will change the old system of
policy in regard to the public lands. You pro
pose to make the proceeds ofthe sales of these
lands a permanent fund for distribution among
the Stales. What, will follow? Why, sir, it
will be soon discovered tbal this fund, at $1
25 per acre, will be too small;and at that prjpp,
loo soon exhausted, you will then raise it
to $2 00; from that to three, four, and five
dollars per acre! This will be the result nf
this measure, end the consequence will be
Ihat vast tracts of our Western soil will be
kept unsettled and unsold for half a century,
for the double purpose of keeping a fund for
distribution, and retard the growth of (he)
West. Have gentleman viewed well tbe con
sequences which will flow from this measure f
I have stated, Mr. Chairman, some ofthe ob
jections 1 have to the principles o,' the bill.
And now for its details.
The first feature which presents itself for
consideration is tbe proposition to give to
soma of the Western States 10 per cent over
and above their equal proportion. What is
this feature intended to producer Is it a bribe
offered to us of the West, in order lo make us
take this measure, so obnoxious to our growth
and prosperity? Kit is intended as a bribe, all
I have o say is that 1 fur one ill not accept
it. IVn, sir I epurn it. J be people of Indiana
once refused thin measure, when the bribe
was larger And will hha now, whenyou ere
taking advantage ol her impoverished condi
tion to sedure her from her integrity, will she
now bile at Ihe ban? No, sir, she will rather
m ke you such an answer as one oftbedtetin
guiahed patriots of iho Revolution made to
one of Ihe minions of the British crown; "We
are poor indeed, but all your wealth cannot buy
us," Such, sir, is the answer I will give, so
long B9 1 am permitted to retain a seat upon
Sir, if you had offered us this bonus when
we were out of debt, and, consequently, able
to treat with you as equals, we would not have
suspected you with a deaign upon our virtue,,
and then we could havo stopped to argue witb
you. .. But when you lake advantage of our
poverty aud distress to make these advances to
us, we are induced lo suspect you of an inten
tion to practise upon our integrity, and there
fore we turn from you, and treat yoaand your
bribe with scorn and contempt.
Another feature ofthe bill which seems to
be unjust, is that part of it wh.ch makes the
distribution according to the rati) of represen
tation on this floor. The property represen- "
talion recognized by the Constitution, which
places five slaves in the South upon tha foot
ing of throe fieemen in Ihe North, was gives
for representative purposes, not distributive ;
purposes. Distributive purposes, did 1 say I
I do not know, sir, but the term ie
inapplicable; for well do I know, that
the fraroers of that instrument never, whilst '
they were engaged in the great work ol fori
ming and perfecting that noble charter of hu
man liberty, imagined Ihat under it '.'tha Con-
gress of the United States would .claim the,
right to collect money for tbe purpose of dis- '
tnbuling, it amongst the Slates. Such a pow
er is now claimed, however, and if it is legiti- ;
mately exercised, why not make the distnbu-.
tion according lo tbe plan by which they au
thorized its levy. The Constitution provides
that representation and direct taxation shall '
go hand in bjuuj, which simply means, that if
five slavoiirvihe South shall be equal to three 7
freeman in tho North, for representative pur
poses, that the five slaves in the South ' shall
pay as much tax into the treasury as the three '
freemen ofthe North. Bqt by tho provisions
of this bill, you reverse this just rule, and dis- '
tribute as much of tbe revenue ofthe Govern
ment to tbe five slaves of the South, as you do "
the three freemen Ofthe North,' This, air ie"
wrong In principle and unjust in practice, and .
doubly so, because ihe wholo me jsurs is fouq.
dad in wrong and injustice, v ..- ,
There ia one provision in this till,.. Mr.
. . . . . t j - . r ii.
Chairman, wnicn l woum roost cuooriuny supt ;
port, if it were not found to-. such, bad Compaq
I nvl I refer to the tail of the bill, es it is .ctO.ujd,, .
' . . . .. . . ... . ' i-...
rbicti grams to me actual, eeiitera we.rni oi ,
re-emption The 'tail, filV I conlfl ke ". If.
ie head waa cut off! .But,.a,s a .wb,"'vt ca!!
ot swallow iL- Tha oentlemnn W; Goc.'da .
. objecta to ihia feature ofthe nd corn-
plains bitterly that these r ':!" me
to take the cbr. r" :;i W k'ra 1 - ' ;-
ie,"Jioia v.'Cu'J ! n
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