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1M O 0K AT
.lint LIBERT AS, IBI r ATRIA.' Cicero "Where liberty dwells, there is my Country."
T fit JE
BY MITCIIENEK & MATHEWS.
POET It Y.
. - THE DEAD 80LDIER. .
W recti ofS warrior pass'd awayl
Thsu form without a namet
Which thought and felt hut yesterday,
And dreamt of nature fame!
gtrinp'd of thy garmentf, who ehtll gneti
"Thy 'rank, thy lineage, and thy ractil
If haughty cfiieAain, holding away, ,
Or lowlier, destin'd to obey.
The lighof thstfii'd eye ie let,
And all ia moveless now.
But Passion'a trace linger yet,
And lower upon that brows
Expression haa not yet wat'd weak,
The lip seem e'en in aot to apeak,
And elench'd the cold and lifolest hand,
A if 'f grasp'd the battle brand .
Though from that head, late towering high,
The waving plume it torn;
And low in dmt that lorm doth lie,
Uohohour'd and forlornl . .,
Yet,death'i dark shadow cannot hide, ..
. ThB jiaven oiiaraeter of pride,
.That on the lip and brow revetf -The
iaprei of the apirit'a seal.
Livet there mother to deplore
The aonaho ne'er ahall aeal .
Or maiden, on tome distant shore, J
To break her heart for thee!
Perchance to roam a maniac there,
Wilhwild-flower wroaths to deck her hair, ;
And through the weary night to wait
Thy footsteps at the lonely gate.
Long shall she linger ihore, in vain
The evening fire shall trim, .
And gazing on the dark'ning main,
Shall often call on him
Who Beara hernot who cannothear
Ohl deaf forever u the ear '
That once in listening rapture hung
Upon the music of her tongue.
Long may she dream to wake is wol
. Ne'er may remembrance tell
Its tale to bid her sorrows flow,
And hope to sigh farewell,
The heart, bereaving of its slay.
Quenching the beam that cheers her way
Along the waste of life till she
Shall lay her down and sleep like theel
From Graham's Magazine,
A D AY 4T NIAGARA.
BY MRS. t. C 8TKDMM.
'Well here's an evil of rail-road travelling that I
never thought of beforel" screamed a bright girl, witti
ponling.'rosy lips und a dimpled chin, at the risque of
spoiling as sweet a voice as ever warbled 'Away with
melancholy,' on a May morning; addressing her words
' to our good cousin, who had taken upon himself the
responsible charge of escortinga parlv of ladies, (among
whom were the fair speaker, his sister and my forlu
nn:e self,.) to see the great 'lion of this western world.
Ifou lay that we are within five miles of Niagara,
rot &efMl-bttr its voice for the eternal gabble of this
Locomotive".' Why, all my dreams have been associated
with the geographic recollections of childhood, which
invariably said, 'The roar of the cataract may be dis-im.-ily
heard at the distance of fifteen orliventy miles."
'You forgot,' replied her brother,, 'that it is when
ihosa wise assurances were written whioh make the
eyes of the schooUgirl stand out as visibly as letters on
a sign,' that this rapid, noisy mods of travelling was
nnthougbtof; wait a little, my sweet sis., till we reach
the point, of our destination, and Niagara's thundering
bass will iound nil the mightier, for bursting sudden.
, ly upon ydur ear .'
Sf While" 'the remarks were pausing, we were near,
mi the tnd of our journey; and on reaching the depot,
- our parly' was amon; the foremost i" 'cave the puffing,
minrting 'black pony, behind, as we turned out frees
. t m nnis ths hotel. But neither my fair cousin nor my-
. pelf' seemed astounded at the njise of the cataract; much
to the surprise of her brother. The truth was that in
i'()i partiouiar of swiuJ our 'loud expects! ions' exceeded
, the reality' though it may a well he remembered here
a elsewhere that before leaving Niagara, our eurt were
'filled with hearing,' no less than ojr 'ey.s sutisfied
with seeing. The sun was fast hiding Ins face he-
hind the golden curtain of a July eveuinj:, and tea al
roa.lv sending foith its grateful fragrance' from the ani'
pie board,at we reached 'The Cataract House ;' so :,
was a-'reed that we should rejresh ourselves witli a utsti
of the green beverage, before sallying out fur a peep at
.ho FrIIh!-furthermore, that until then." no o ie of our
'."iMirtr should approach certain window which com
tnamied a view of the rapids, upon the penalty of on,
good-natured cousins' s displetsun; and as we had one
- and all nromisxd obedience to his wishes, each poised
' h.rlf nn the tiotoo of curiosity, long enough to swal-
low a boiling draught, at the expense of sore, though
not disabled tongues, for some days thereafter. We
ware, however, too unmerciful to allow our gallant the
' comforts of hi cigar after tea; but by sundry hints in
the form of bonnets and shawls, compelled hi polite
' . ness to yiuld to our impatience for the evening ramble,
. Our foot slept were first. directed to the brtcge wnicn ex
lend over th i b nlim . angry rapids tor Goat Island,
Even here, it would seem that as .much of the awful, the
sublime, and the beautiful, had met together, at human
ave could endure to look unonl As we leaned over
tlie railing of the bridge, (holding on instinctively with
convulsive grasp,) and surveyed the yawning whirl"
nnols beneath, encompassed by the. ever restless foam,
I, for one, thought I had never teen any thing terrifio
kefore Put from the imperfect view of the falls, which
the gathering tliadet of twilight and the American side
Have us thtf evening, my 'first impressions' 'were those
of liter tJisannointoient. Ar.d it this me eta 01 air
my vast imnalninasl'" tald I in haste to myself; but
breathed jt not aloud; for, indeed even then end there, f
the tcene fwat grand tnd imposing; so I held my
poses, resolving to await the morning Learns, for its
" rainbow crown, aod retire to my pillow opi.iiionlast,.
touobing the glories of the grand cataract.
. .The sun looked down upon' ut the next tnorning'
without the shadow of a cloud between, and prepare
, tiont were made for a great day at juiager. Much to
. aurdelmht. we found a familiar, oartv ofladist and
gentlemen, at a sister hotel, who: had arrived during
Ilia Right,' and would join at n the pleasures of the day."
1 ' As'it happened that-ftie gentlemen of said pBrty out-
jumbered the la!io, the"iir responsibilities of our ,
new Philadelphia; oh'io., Thursday evening,
obliging cousin (who had pefonned the part of -beau-general'
much to the credit of his gallantry) weredirty.
divided with the oilier beaux, and all tliinp being ar
ranged, each, lady could boast of hei own protector. I
know of nothing that quickens the pleasing excitemert
of these excursions more than an unexpected recruit f
of acquaintances and friends. Never wn there a gayer
or happier little company than left the 'Cataract House'
that shadowiest summer morning, to cross the green
waters of Niagarga river for the Canada side. Old
how Ihose bright faces come before me now, at if
among the vivid recallectiona of yesterday! There wat
the brilliant Mrs, with her raven curls, matchless
form, and 'dangerous eyes of jet,' ever and anon re
turning a dazzling smile for the involuntary gaze of ad-,
miration. ' And what coquette by na'urt ever framed,
until she had been the happy wife and mother more than
two years, to confine her glances to one beloved object.
Albeit the beautiful Mrs. is a 'jewel of a wife,'
though I heard hor adoring husband confess that Vlie
.'caught' him 'with hof.eyosr ' Tfiere, "tar, -to -striking -1
contrast was tho gent'e wife of nur happy cousin, .
with her hazel 'eyes, like shaded water,' the carnation
of modesty upon her checks,1 and the 'ornament of a
meek and quiet spirit' beaming on her brow. And
then the fair Miss only daughter oOlr. and Mrs.
, from New York, who were exposing fur the first
time, their fragile flower of sixteen summers, whoso
delicate complexion & lily hands, needed noun to nflirni
that 'the winds of heaven never visited her too roughly:'
but whose chief attiaction seemed in some way con
nected with the appellation of 'heiress!' So no doubt
thought a whiskered 'fortune-hunter;' who by dint o'
bowa and smiles, had contrived to insinuate himself m
to the good graces of our parly, and played the devoted
to Mist , after the mos' approved fashion. To
tay nothing of the pretty sister of our cousin with lie'
tiny feet- 'the lightest and gentle! that ever from the
heath-flower brushed the dewl' Nor of the radiant and
fascinating belle of , who had already commenced
a flirtation with tht rich southerner, wno wat nor cno
ten knight for the day. Nor of other laughing eyes and
mirth-stirring spirits that made up the party. But, sins!
the shadow of death fall' upon life's remotest picture
Of one individnal, whose gallantry, good tense and ex
traordinary musical powers, rendered Inn. a favoriU
of the fair on that occasion, may it now be said, 'the
places that knew him ahall know him no m-ire." Li
early manhood, and in a strangers grave sleeps he
whose aslivn step, who buoyant spirits, whose melody
of tong and sparkling wit concealed from us the insa
tiate disease, whose alow sura worm had even then
fastened upon his yitals. Consumption tent him to the
balmy -,011th, there to find a resting place amid orange
groves and perpetual blooming flowers. Peace be with
the ashtt of the early, the gifted dead.
No tooner was our little barge on the centre of the
rapid tide, and the eye glanced upward and round about,
than a tcene of magnificenco and glory burst upon us,
which it had 'never entered into the heart of mar. to
conceive!' Many have attempted to describe it; but
if the ablest pan ol the most ready writer hath tailed
to embrace half its wondrous beautios, 1st not this hu -.-
bla pen dire to desecrate what for sublimity and loveli.
ness is verily indtscribabltl To us it seemed that 'the
fountains of the deep were again broken up" as ifnlj
Ocean was pouring forth his deep green floods into ill at
awful abyss, so wide, so vast, so terrible was their
rush to the brink so mighty and resistless their plunge
into the boiling chasml There hung the rainbow; with
God't promise in its huet of beauty
"That arch, where angel-forms might lean,
And view the wonders of the mighty tcene!"
On reaching tile Canada tide, our fisrt "pott of ob
servation was Utile Rock, I lie picture it preser.ts
who shall paint it? The most striking feaiure of the
whole it the vast piantity of water which pours un
ceasing and unspent, and its consequent deeply emer
ald hue at it passes the rock before breaking in Us fall
to the pure, sm'ier-sliuded foam, which sends up an
eternal incense of tr.iy to Heaven, Another fenlurt
of beauty which arrested our attention wat the marling
of the floods at the termination of the 'llorse-shce Fall,'
where an angle of the rocks causes a continual embrace
of the waters. The eye could scarce weary in view,
ing this one beauty of the tcene: but before the mightv
whole awe-ituick, the heart sould only bow in ailen
adoration to that Great being who made it all, fot 'the
spirit of God moved on the face of the waters' We next
ascended the craggy steep to a wide extended plain a
bove, where are f laced the barracks of the 'Tony-ty-lbird
regiment of Her Majosty't troops." Foltu
lately for us, the day was one of regular review, and
the whole regiment was out on duty. At we reached .
the brow of the hill, where, on the one side wsa Niag
ara in all its glory, and on the other an extensive mili
tary display of red coats and anna of steel flashing in
the sunlight, I though that Nature and Art needed no
embellishment from the pen of fancy "Twas like en
enchantment 0.1 1 1 . While in the full enjoyment of this
glorious scene, her Majesty's well-disciplined band
played 'God save the Queen!" as to ut it was never
played before, and my heart vibrated with as much -joy
at it eve - fe t at the iound of our national air, Hail
' Our party returned to the hotel at tuntet, all uniting
in the opinion that it it impossible to anticipate too
much of enjoyment at Niagara, to far at it respects the
marvellous and beiutiful in nature, and only regretting
that we eould not past a month, instead of a day, with
itt scenes around ut. ; A few hourt, previout to-our de
parture the following morning, were tpent in exploring
Goat 'Island, to far at our limited time would allow.
'Tit in tooth a 'fairy He,' lashed day and night by the
untiring rapida, and affording various and beautiful
viewt of the great cataract it dividei. The luxuriant
foliage of itt majestic treei shelters the admirer of the
tcenea around from the noon-day heat, aod the odor
from itt garden of flowers regale hit tenses the while.
We bade a reluctant adieu to Niagara, calling to mind
all the imagiuaUona that the heut had deviled all the
dasertptioot we had heard from others' lios but with
the words of 'the Queen'oTthe East' pn. our own, 'The-
half waa not told me, , v,
By way of concluding thit imperfect sketch, wft edJ
tome few linet, which were written in despite of a res
olution most religiously made against tush a pre$ump-i
live measure; for, somehow or other, the humblest at
wall at the loftiest pen. will attempt In number! to ex-
press the unnumbered thoughti and 'strange, which .
crowd into the brain' at Niagara. And while the prince
of Cataracts flows on, its terrifio beauties will be still
the oft-told but unspent theme of the 'spirit-stirring
''Flow dreadful is this plane!" for God is here!
His name is graven on th' eternal rocks,
As with an iron pen and diamond's point: ..
While their unceasing floods his voice proclaim,
Oft as the thunder shakes the distant hills.
0 1 if tho forest-trees, which have grown old
In viewing all the wonde.it of this scene, -Do
tremble still, and enst to earth their leaves -Familiar
as they are with things sublime ,
Shall not the timid stranger hero unloose
His sandals, ere he treads nn "holy ground."
And bow In humble worship to Godl .
For unto such at do approach with aw
This bright creation of th' Immortal jnd,
t Methinkt there comeiWnid the deafening roar
QC 'mauf watoie,' yet 'a still, small voice.'
Know that this God, this awful God, is yours!
Yes, here have wrath and peace together met
Justice and Mercy sweetly have embraced;
For, o'er the terrors of the angry floods,
The bow of promise and of beauty hangs:
When in the sunbeams with its matchless hues,
Or us a silver arch 011 evening's brow,
Haying. "God's works are marvellous and great,
Hut all, when understood, bit name is Love,'
Cedar Brook, Plainfii ld, N J.
FISCAL BANK OF THE U. tf.
. ... SJPJBECH
OF MR BENTON OF MISSOURI.
In Senate, Wtdnetday, July, 7, 1811 on mo
tion of Mr. Buchanan to Mrike out the
words "District of Columbia" from the first
section of the hill in iricorpme the tsubtenbors
to the Fiscal Bank uf the U. S.
Mr. B. wan in ft.vor of tbo motion toelrilte
oul the words mentioned, for he was opposed
ab.ivo all things to have tho management of
this Batik lieieat Washington city. It would
complete it capacity aa a political machine in
the hand of the Administration, ruling and
corruntinc the Conercts at the some time.
These nine rrmnagera at Waahington will be
the nine lord of th Treasury, living at the
Beat of Government, always arm in arm with
memhmsi of CottJie!", and giving them tump
tunus eiitcrtainni'-nta every mht. They have
salaries, such as the Mockholdets will allow
them, and the etocliholdtrn will doubtlese tee
their mWantugo in enabling the se nine lords to
euif rlain mBmntkenily, especially aa tho Uni
ted Statin py a heavy part of it. The pay
will came out of the people, for it is to come
out of the 13 ink, and the Batik it to be built
up with public money, and to be kept tilled up
with public rn.)ti7. Beaidos salarien, they
will have Ihrir expenses and perfliiistiesi iheir
riming fund tlieir progenia of plate their "f
ficf, and it paraphernalia tfiisnw (jreat build
ina u th a Irani of c.lifiku, iueMiy.M und ser
vanir U at the expttnem of (lie pnp!e. The
ilminr ol'ihie mm Ibrdu ot the Fiffal Bank
have befii a'rently eit-mplified when Congress
and the fir! Banit "f Ihe U. S. sat lonher in
Philadelphia, the Batik directors and the Fed
erBl members of Congreaa always acted (0
rgtl eri1(y made what law they pleaned
twisted und toriuted Ihe Constitution into what
th ty p!B!.oil and set the pttciple at defiance.
Mr-Jell'eranii has given us some view of these
wretched tunes tho fruit of the licentious
onion between Bank and State Bnd I will read
a paiucreph liom his works, It ia in Ana,
near the end ol the fuurili volume. It sustain
moNt fully Ihe view which thu Senator fiom
Pt-niiwvlvania f.Mr. Buchanan took of this
corrupting coimec'ion, and mv be well
,a nn 1II11-I1 nt 104 ot his aruument. lVJf Je
"While ihe Government remained at Philadelphia, a
selection of members of both Houses of Congress wt-ro
constantly kept as dimr-tors. who, on every question in
Ipreiliag to that institution, or to the viewt of thu Fed
eral head, voted at the will of that head; and, together
will) the ftoclijnbliiiig nitimlierc, could alwa)t make
the Federal head that of the majority. By this conilii
nation, legislative nxpotitions were given to the Con
stitution, and all the administrative lawt were shaped
on the mudol of England, and so passed. And from
this influence we were not relieved mail ilia removal
from the precincts uf the Bank to Washington."
This, said Mr. B , i the voice of experi
encethe voice o." Jefferson ao eye-v.itnf"
of what ho relates Sf bat he aa for the benefit
of posterity. He wrote for our henefV; and
shall we neglect bis warning voicel H" tells
rou that Ihe Bank directors, and the Federal
members of Congress, acted together while the
Bank and the Congress sat in the same place,
end that there was 00 relief from the bBnelnl
influence of this corrupt combination until Con
press was removed from Philadelphia, Thia
as in the year 1800-say fo ty year aao.
The removal was then real the travel be
tween Washington ttnd Philadelphia was then
slow, tedious, end expensive; now it is rapid,
easy, and cheap. still Philadelphia and N. Y.
accessible as they me to member of Con
jjresa, are to farofflo answer lite purpose of
Ihe new Government Bank, snd, therefore,
the directors must be brought to the city of
Washington, and placed in immedisto com
munication with the President, the Cabinet,
and the Congress; The nine Loans of the
Ftsc will be a Treasury board here; they will
it as the council tod instrument of the Secre
tary of the Treasury. Tbey will be a political
as well as a moneyed board, and their influ
ence will be felt ia Congress a ad in all the bti
sinoss of the country. And who will" compose
; this boardt Who will these nine, lords bet
'""The bill very cautiously, moat carefully, pro
vides that they shall not be members of Con.
. Hresa-members of (ho . Government or "the
.Gore.ouiflnt contractor?.,. Tbia is pretty, very
" ' : V
august 5. i84i.
pretty indeedP Members and coutractors. are
excluded! but the ex-membere and the exeon.
tractors are admillled 1 So that a resignation
an expiration of the terra of service remo
ves lbs disability, and qualifies the member or
the contractor to become one f the. board!
j6nd of such will it be composed! Members
will resign their places or decline election's, to
become fical lords. It will be the highest
place in the Union; the most splendid and pow
erful post in the Uuion, the Presidency only
excepted. You can depopulate the two hou
ses of Congress with such offices you can
pick and cull the Union with such a temptation.
What is if? A power over money and poli
ticsa power over a bank of thirty millions, to
be increasod to fifty millions a residence at
Washington a power over Congress sala
ries a palace to live in ante-chambers, crow
ded with suppliant expectants. Such will be
the new offices, and who can refuse tbemt Sir,
lliey will be eagerly, furiously, sought. The
incumbents will be politicians old hacks
prostitutes worthy to grace the new political
Magdalen hospital, of which they will be the
battered and worn out intimates.
Mr. B. scouted the whole idea of thi. board
of nine directors at Waahington city. Bad in
itself, this board was conceived fur a fraudu
lent purpose for a fraud on the Constitution j
to cheat the poor Constitution out of its ob
jections to a Bank! It is for a fraudulent pur
poseit is to make the Bank constitutional
10 obviate constitutional objections to it that
ibis new and tremem.u sua enginejof po'iiical
and moneyed corruption of a board at Wash
ington is enterjected into this charter.
Tho Senator from Pennsylvania Mr. Bu
chanan in right in characterizing this propo
und Bank as a T ea-ury Bank. It is a Trea
sury Bank inevery way in which you ean view
i . It is to be built up with Treasury money;
all the taxes aod duties are ta be put there; it is
to be the Treasury of the U. S. to declared by
a clause in the charter; it ia to be under 'he tu
pervision of nine managei8-tlint is to say,
lords of the TreBsury-and they stationed here
where the Government resides; and, finally,
its name u Treasury, lis name is fiscal; and
what is fiscal, but belonging to the Treaeur)1
It is from the latin adjecive iiicalit, and sig
nifies belonging to the Treasury. Fisc it
Treasury, from the same noun ficv. The
French aaytgua for Treasury, from the same
noun. Fiscus and fiscaias are from the Greek
yhaekot, and pltaskalo. The primitive mean
ing ol ihe Greek is big basket, and belonging
to the big basket, commonly callod henapnr.
or hamper basket. This is the priinitiveeeusr;
the figurative or metaphorical aene i treasu
ry; and belonging to the treasury; and Ihe rea
son of this metaphoftcnl sense is line, (hut an
ciently governments collected their taxes a
the priests did their lylbe., and us ninny liimJ -
lords) now collect Iheir rents, that w to say, in
kind. -Thus when the wheat barley, olive.,
grapri, &rs., were ripe, the Government lax
Batherert entered the held with Ihe owner.
and gathered ihe Gi vernment share, wh.eli
was always a lurge share, and required large
haskete to receive it. The farmer bad a lilile
haftket. and the Government a big basket a
hanaper, or aa our good housewives call it, a
hamperwhich had handles to it, and required
several men to carry it. Thi 5ig basket re
ceived the tax for the Treasury; what was put
in it was put in ihe Treasury took the name of
big banket Thus we trace Ihe word fiscal in
this bill, to the latin facus and fucalis, end lhat
lo it G eek root phutkns and phaskalot, and
it all comes to the same thing, lhat is to tay,
belonging to the Treasury.
Sir, said Mr. B , this name fiscal ought to
be changed; it will bambooz'e the people, and
lead them off from the Irue idua of this Bank;
it will conceal it true character, that uf a Trea
surv, or Government Bank-ihe thing so much
die'sded and decried in General Jackson's and
Mr. Van Boron's time. It is a b mboozling
name, and ought to ba changed Some mem
ber near repeated the word bamboozle, doubt"
ing y Yes, aaid Mr. B., it is a good word
and old Englieh word --a powerful word in
it p'ace and appropriately used here. 1 have
ufd 11 before in ihe Senate, and justified it by
Johnso 1. and the bestlexicogrspher, and the
finest wn ers in the English language. You.
will recollect, Mr. F resident, (addressing him
self to Mr. Southward in the Chair,) that you
rather sneered at this word wheo I first used
it here; wheraupon I called in the Hercules,
Dr. Samuel Johnson, L L. D and F. B. S.,
and he quickly settled tho matter in my favor.
Some of the illustrations of ite meaning, which
I then read, will not be forgotten on this floor
they suited the times and the subject so well.
Mr. Archer. Wbat were theyt 1 waa not
Mr. B. (to one of the little pages) bring me
the book bring me Johnaou. (The boy
brought it.. Here, said Mr. B. listen.. He
"To BtMBoozts, active verb, to deceive; to impose
upon, to confound.
"Alter IN1C ntQ bamboozled aooui me money, uuu
callod forcountere." Arlmlhnot.
"All the people upon earth, except these two or three
worthy gentlemen, are imposed upon, ohealedbubbled,
abused, bahboozlidI" kddison.
Mr. B. said here was authority for the verb,
to bamboozle, there was also gsod authority '
for the noun substantive, bambooiler. . Listen,
to Johnson again:
"Bamboozlm, a tricking fellow; a cheat.
"There are atetof fellowt they' call banterers aod
Batnboozlert, that play such tricki.' Ar&uiAnot.
' This is good authority, said Mr. But it
is not all. Richardson, more, modern than
Johnson, and standard lexicographer, has
redeemed and established the word in our lan
- puare. Ha savs the meanine is to de!u ie. to
mislead, to Cheat, to cozen, to deceive,, to bo-
VOL. 2 NO- 29. WHOLE NO- 81
guile; and he gives several illustrations, soma
very eui'able to our times. Thus:
"After Nic had btmoozUd John awhile about tbe IS,
000 and the 28.(100. John called for counters; but what
with sleight of hand, and taking from his own tcora and
adding to that of John's. Nic brought the balance al
ways on hit own tide " Ktctft'i His. of John JlulL
'Thit whimsical phenomenon,
'Confounding all my pro and con,
Bamboozles the account again,
'And draws me nolens volena in.'
(King, tit Stumbling Blerk
"But, aays I, sir, I perceive this it to you all Bra " V, ,
loozling. Why you look as if you were Don Diego'd
to the tuna of a thousand pound.' Taller A'o. 31.
The reading of these illustrations occas
ioned much amusement in the Senate.
Mr. Bi trusted that he had vindicated
theluse of the term to which the exception seem ' .
ed to be taken, and he trusted that it waa eq
ually easy to vindicate the application which. '
he had made of it. The name of this Bank,
waa a cheat and a trick; it deceived the ignor
ent and the thoughtles. The name implied
that it waa for the Treasury alone that it.,
was an agent lor the Treasury when ii is a
Bank of discount, deposite, and circulation,
in which forcignera and other banks may be
sock-holders, and which, instead ofbetnjan
agent of the Treasury, will be it master! The
name it a cheat; ii should be bliT'd: fiscal
should be struck ou', and some other subatt-
lu'ed. It is a compound monster, pott trea
sury, part individual, part subordinate corpor
ation, for other corporations may subsciibe lo
itt slock. Call it Hie irensuyuank of the
U. Staiea. I hen it is the ruhorred Hung ihe
gnrgnn hr-ad. the raw bead and bloody bones
which was held up lo terriiy the people cu
ring the whole administration of Jackson and
Van Buren. Even the Independent Treasury
waa stigmatized a' a Treauiy Bnk. and ma
ny goodjieop'e were excited against it oa ac
count; vet it issued notef, ie "eived no deposi
tes, made no dmcouut, bought and to d no
bills of exchang; hud no atr bute of a Bank;
yet the Independent Treasury was cried down
aa n Governnirni Bank. JM- w we estnblished
one in fkc, b tn'xed one to be sure-- an hermap
phrodite but give it a name which misleads
the mind. It is a bamboozling name, and
should be changed for a plain one. Call it
Treasury at once, or Treasury and British;
for the British are to bo rfliickholders Call .
it ths Treasury anli Company;' for there are to
be companions enough in i'. NCall it by some ,i'.
common and p'am name, and at the same time -
appropriate Call it the Hanaper Bank.
That would be classic; fur it goes up lu the
Greek root ol the term. It alto ia an English
lerm for the Exchequer and the Treasury.
We reu.ember very weil, sa d Mr. B., addres
sing the Premrtentiof the Senate, that, as ;p
pronliceu to thelnw, we had to leern a long
list of courts in England, among others that uf
Hanaper, in law -latin, Jlaniiptrutm. Tho Han
aper court, the iJanBper otll-e, the c erk ofiher
Hanaper, are all familicr lo the studtnt a law;
and ihev all refer lo ihe Exchequer, the Tiea
sury. It is Ihe old Greek word for Treasurv, - '
and is revived in England, hoi!) because the
clerk formally used a big basket to hold his pa
pers, and these papers belonged to the Treasu vt .
ry, and because it ia an uxenequer or 1 ream .
ry court. 1 would recommend it to the gen-
leipan, then, to call this a Hanaper Bank, es
pecially as they have Englieh precedent for it,
and this (iecality ia tu be a half English con
com. Hanaper will do, but I would prefer
Hamper. It is the same word, in a aborter 1
form, and not only has all the power of mean- .,
ing which belongs to Hanaper, but hai anpth
er meaning very appropriate to Ihis institution.
The noun hamper, is the big basket; the verb,
to hamper, is to restrict, to hobble, to fetter, to
cramp, to hamstring, &c , and that is the way . .
thia Bank will serve this Government and ths '
people. It will hamper, bobble, and ham at ring
them; and then, like a real basket, it will not
hold waterl that is, it will not hold the peo
ple's money, which will go by the hundred
thousand to jobbers, gamblers, speculators,
and roiltionary plunderers.
Mi. President, continued Mr. B., will won
ders never cease! will political miracles never
cease? Last year, and for many years,., ths
country was alarmed, agitated, terrified, at the.
idea of a Treasury Bank, gratuitously and un
foundedly attributed to the Democratic party.
Now, the very peraons who charged this as
offence upon the Democracy are themselves 0-.....
penly doing the same thing. A Tieasury Bank
ia now their idol, after having been their terror
' and the good people are required to love it as J
much now as tbey were instructed to bate ite,.
lew months ago. Such are the inconsistent .
cies, tbe contradictions, which art played off
before the people; and which, it is supposed,
the good nature or the ignoiance of the pco .'
pie will swallow. '
Mr. B. refered to the speech of the Senator
from Pennsylvania Mr. Buchanan as ooe
that would not be answered, because it , could
not be answered. He (Mr B.) had waited
for some one on the other side to reply to thia ,
speech. No one rose. No one broke silence.
Shut paa seemed to be the word of command-
on the left side of this Chamber It was ona .,
way to curtail and stifle debate. -Another way ,
was to limit the time of tho speaker, as wan
to limit the time ot the second Triumvirate;
and this way we have partly adopted in tho .
manly exertion on pur part, waa saved for res- 1
olutions, waa en infringment of our right- of
speech, perpetrated for the first time in . this
Chamber, and even this hour is now taken '
way from us by those from whom we , w rtr,g.
it it js frittered away by motiops, snJitfseo
Nations, and small speeches, from t: j fptle-
men ot the other side, .-Anciiivr say ct
lino debate is to Gx sn arli'tsry hoir (?f its lei-
iff .' . i V -.