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PUBLISHED EVEBY THTJBSDAY BY
ON TEE THRESHOLD.
Only one year ago and we stood, as Just part-
with an old year Brown gray, while a new
year, just starting
-On its soft baby winjfs, with its arms full of
Seemed to promise, anew, oil the vanished
We have danced on its hillsides, have mourned
in its valleys;
.Been glad, or been sad; brightly hopeful, or
Save drank of its fulness? have breathed of
"Have gathered; have garnered; have Joyed
through its hours;
Till a stroke of the bell
Bids it endless farewell!
Still old Time does not stop, and the world
keeps on moving;
And who lags may get left, in an age that's
So we may not look back with regrets or re-
.But must burnish our armor, and keep our
Press onward, press onward, still hopeful, still
Be our hearts ever warm and our hands ever
iienl the stroke of the bell
With the cry: "All is well!"
TWO UNEXPECTED NEW
"Pears to me if I had some of 'cm,
Spears to me I'd git well right away,"
said Tony in a fretful voice. "Don't
you 'member 'cm, Sabie?"
"Yes, I 'member 'cm good," replied
Sabie, fanning the siek boy with an old
straw fan she had picked up some
where. And then she went on to say
the same thing she had said a hundred
times or more before when asked the
"They wuz a-growin' 'longside that
place the- called 'wood,' though it
didn't look much like wood to me oh,
sieh lots of 'cm red as your llanning
shirt, Tony, an1 a-kinder a-hidiu' under
their greens. An' the man wot wuz
a-cuttin' a tree says: Eat away, young
'uns, they's free.' An' us eat away an'
away, an' oh, they wiw pufiickly 'li--cious.
An' there wuz jes' as niany wen
u stopped a-eatin' as wen us beginned.
They wuzn't a bit like the strawberries
they gives me to the markit sometimes
-wen they can't sell 'em. Them's
-smashed an' But wot you a-cryin'
" 'Pears to me," sobbed Tony, "if I
had some from that worry place I'd git
well rirht awav. They 1Uz so 'freshin',
Poor little fellow, with nobody to
look after him but Sabie and an old
grandmother! And the old grand
mother, who had been growing feebler
and feebler year by year for many
year, could now do" nothing but sit in
her big rocking-chair and "knit coarse
stockings and mittens, singing the
while, in a sweet, quivering voice, the
old-fashioned hymns she had learned in
Sabie sold these stockings and mit
tens during the cold months from door
to door in poor neighborhoods, and on
what money was earned in this way the
three just managed to live. Hut in
warm weather, had it not been for the
kindness of a jolly fat man who kept an
eating-saloon near by, the would have
often gone hungry. lie saved for them
the best of the food left by his custom
ers (some of whom, thinking them
selves hungrier than the' really were,
ordered more than they could eat), and
often when business had been unusually
brisk he ad led two or three rolls, a
handful of crackers, or a yesterday's
A very good girl was Sabie. Not
pretty, though she might have been if
her face had not been so pale and thin,
for she hail soft gray eyes with long
lashes, and curly brown hair; and not
clever, for she did not even know her
letters. She was nearly ten, three
years older than Tony, and yet she had
never been lo school a day in her life.
Her mother living, after a long illness,
when she wa.- but six years old. the
care of her little brother fell almost
entirely upon her, Granny then being
able to go out with the mittens and
stockings herself. But now that Granny
had forgotten her way about the streets,
and could only see enough to knit.
'Sabie had to do the .celling, the market
ing and the ho'i-e-work, all ill ee. She
"was a shy child, and made no acquaint
ances either in the tall tenement-house,
in the eellar-ba-emeut of which they
lived, or abroad, and o, yon see, her
world was a very small one. containing
only Tony and Granny and two or
three of the market people.
' Tony had been delicate and almost
helpless from hi birih, but Sabie loved
him none the les for that. In fact, I
think she loved him more because he
was so dependent on her. That's a
"way girls and wo-nen have, as perhaps
you know. And when, just after Christ
inas, he began to cough so badly that
lie grew so tired he could no longer sit
tip, her heart ached for him, and all
the time she could spare from her work
she spent at his bedside trying to amuse
and cheer him.
Now the summer before the winter
of which I write these two children and
their grandmother had been taken by
the cook of the eating-saloon to spend
the day in the country, where some
iriends'ef hers lived. Sabie and Tony
had never been in the country before
and at first, awed by the silence broken
only by the rustling of the leaves, the
hum of the insects and the song of the
birds, they spoke in whispers: but soon
after arriving at the very small cottage
of their friend's friends they left
Granny and the other older folks to
chat and drink tea and wandered off
hand in hand together, mocking the
hirds as they went. They kept straight
on through the wood in which the
small cottage stood, turning neither to
the right nor the left lest they should
get lost, until they reached the extreme
edge, and there they found a patch a
long patch of wild strawberries.
"Strawberries a-growin'! strawber
ries a-growin' !' the- shouted, and down
went babie on her knees before them,
an example which Tony soon followed.
"They s littler than market straw
berries." said she, "but they's cun
nin'er an' " tasting one "sugarer. I
wonder if us kin take some."
"Kin us, man?" called Tony to a
man who was cutting down a dead tree
on the other side of the road.
"Can you what?" asked the man. 85
Take some of them strawberries?"
answered Tony. -
"Take away; they're free," was the
Arid they did take away. They
picked and ate until their faces and
Lands were stained a strawberry red.
and only stopped when their friend!
came to look for them and tell taem it
was almost time to go home.
' That day was like a rainbow set in
their dreary life, and though, the good
natured 'cook to whom they o-?red it had
returned soon after to Germany, her
native land, they had never ceased to
think of her with love and thankfulness,
and to remember her in their prayers.
It had been a day in June that beau
tiful day and now it was the last of
December, but still its brightness came
back to the sick boy. and with it a long
ing for the sweet red berries that grew
on the edge of the old wood.
"'Pears-to me, if I had some, this
pain in my breast would go away," he
moaned. "They wuz so good, Sabie,
I kin see 'em now wen I smits me eyes.
Pooty red strawberries. O! if you
could on'y git some fur me, Sabie, dear
And at last, on New Year's Day,
Sabie put on her shabby felt hat and
her patched jacket, and said to her
"Granny, I'm goin' 'way a little
while fur somethin' fur Tony. Take
good care of him till I gits back!"
And the old woman stopped singing,
"Come, ye sinners, poor and needy, '
long enough to say, "Yes, yes,
Then Sabie took ten cents from be
hind the clock on the mantel, and a lit
tle basket some one had given her
from the closet, and kissing Granny
and her brother good-by, started off
in search of the wild straw
berries. It was a bitter cold day, but
she drew her jacket tightly about her,
and running as fast as she could she
had not forgotten a step of the way
they had gone that lovely day she soon
reached the ferry-hoo;e, and timidlv
handed her ten cents to the ticket
seller. "Where do you want to go?" asked
"Apple'ill," said Sabie, meaning Ap
pleville. "The fare is thirty cents twenty
more. Here arc only ten."
The child shrank back, while her
eyes filled with tears.
"Stop a moment," said the ticket
seller, seeing the tears. "Why do you
want to go to Appleville?"
"To git somethin' fur me poor little
sick brother,'' she answered, with a
sob, "an' I haven't another penny.
Neither has me gran'mother."
"Well, there's a ticket that'll take
you there and back. And now cut
along. The boat's just in."
Sabie grasped the ticket, gasped
"Thank you. sir," and "cut along at
such a rate that the boat having yet
five minutes to wait before starting
the people already on board and those
going on board looked at her in sur
prise. In fifteen minutes more she stood in
New Jersey, holding her ticket tight in
her hand and looking about her in a
"Apple'ill' I want to go to Apple
'ill','' she repeated to every one who
But every one was so intent upon
getting somewhere himself or herself
that no one noticed her. At last, in
sheer desperation, she clutched the
silk cloak of a ladv who was hurrying
'"Apple'ill' oh! Apple'ill," she said,
The lady stop? id and took the ticket
from her cold, red hand. "Appleville,"
she said; "that's not on my road, but
I'll show you your train, child, and tne
conductor will let you off at the place."
So the lady led her to a train of cars
that was waiting for passengers, saw
her seated in o:o of them, and then
hurried away again.
And Sabie was no sooner seated than
the train, the locomotive of which had
been snorting and whistling and
screaming for some time, started, and
she found herself whirled along at
But how different everything looked
from the time she was whirled over
this road before! Then there were
green grass and green trees and lovely
flowers on every side. Now there was
nothing to be seen but snow snow
snow. The ground was covered with
it, the trees and bushes were laden with
it. Poor Sabie! she had thought that
the snow came only in the city that
the country was always bright and
"I wonder if them "11 be under the
snow ?" she said to herself. "An' mo
with no shovel to dig 'em out! But I'll
try to scoop out a few with me ban's
In a moment or two more the con
ductor called "Appleville!"
"That's your place, little girl," said
the man who sat next to her, and get
ting up in haste s'ie stumbled through
the car ami out on the platform, from
which a brakeman lilted her down and
placed her on the steps of the statiou.
Sabie climbed these steps as the
train Hew away, and when
she had reached the top one there lay
the broad road they had traveled that
June day before her. But it, like all
the other reads, was covered with snow,
with the exception of a narrow path
way made by a snow-plow on one
side. But Sabie's stout little heart
would not give up.
"Poor Tony!" she said, and began
plodding along the pathway.
It grew colder and cohler: her ears
and feet ached, her hands were numb;
but still she toiled on.
"They wuz by the end of this street,"
she said, and her breath froze on the
air as she spoke. "Maybe there's a
few left. If there be, I'll git 'em some
how." And on and- on she trudged,
with all the patienee and endurance
born of love, until the wood was
But, alas! the spot where the straw
berries had grown was one vast heap
Then, for the first time since she
started on her quest, Sabie's heart be
gan to sink. It would do no good to
scoop" there with her hands'. De
spairingly she looked about her for
something with which to dig. The
branch of a tree, half-buried in the
snow, lay across the path. She tried
to pull it from its resting place, but her
hands were so cold it slipped from her
"If I could only git a few only five
or six!" she murmured, as a drowsy
feeling came over her; "but I'm so
tired and sleepy I can't try any more
n w:' and down she sank beside the
fallen branch and fell into a sleep from
which she never would have awakened
had not a sleigh, full of merry boys out
making NewY car's calls, come dash
ing along, that way.
"Hello!" shouted the boy that was
driving. "What's that 1 came near
running over?" and he stopped the
"A bundle of old clothes. I guess,"
said one of his companions. "Drive
on. Sherrv, do please. We want to get
to Aunt Hannah's by dinner time. Just
think of the mince-pie and doughnuts
awaiting there, ana start along your
But Sherry jumped out instead of
driving on. "Look here, boys," said
he, bending over Sabie, "it's a poor
ltttle girl, almost if not quite frozen to
death?' And raising her in bis arms,
he carried her to the sleigh, i?herG the
j boys, "with many exclamations of pity
( and wonder, soon had her wrapped
snugly in tne buttalo-roDe ana on ner
way to make a totaliy unexpected call
on Farmer Joy, his good wife, and
j "Here they are! here they are!"
j joyfully cried the pretty daughter m
! the sleigh stopped at the gate, and run
ning to the door, she called out cheeri
jly, "Happy New Year!" while her
, mother smiled the wish over her shoul
"Happy New Year, Aunt Hannah
and Cousin Dora!" shouted the boys
in answering chorus.
"And we've brought you a caller we
picked up on the road,'' added Sherry,
laughing outright in his joy as he
peeped into the buffalo robe and saw
that Sabie had unclosed her eyes and
wasn't anything like frozen to death
And then he lifted her out, and with
Ned Morningstar bearing part of the
buffalo-robe," as pages in olden times
used to carry the trains of the groat
ladies, he staggered up the path and
up the stoop and placed his astonished
burden before his equally astonished
aunt and cousin.
"I couldn't git 'era I couldn't git
'em." were the first words Sabie .-xiid.
"Couldn't get what, dear?" asked
kind Aunt Hannah, as she placed her
on the dining-room sofa and pmled off
the old shoes lo rub the icy feet.
Sabie was unable to tell just then;
she was so full of tingling aches and
pains, and her head buzzed so strangely.
But two hours later, when warm from
head to foot, and dressed in some com
fortable garments that the pretty
daughter had outgrown, and after a
dinner, the like of which she had never
even dreamed of, she told her simple
And when it came to an end, Sherry
went out into the hall, making a sign
to his comrades to follow, which they
did immediately, for they were all true
to the "General," as they called him.
"I say, boys," said he, "let's make
up a good New Year's present for her
he hadn't any Christmas, poor little
thing and take her 'some. We ':an
make a New Year's call on Tony ad
Granny at the same time, :rid be ba'ik
plenty early enough for Cousin Dora'
"All right. General," chimed in Ned
Morningstar: "and we'll get Aunt Han
nah to give us i jar of her preserved
strawberries, :ind they'll bring the
young chap around; that is, if straw
berries can do that same. They aren't
wild, but I'm wild after them."
"I'm with you," said Austin Hovel.
"She's a real good sort, she is. Why,
one of our sisters couldn't have done
more for us."
"Mine wouldn't do ha f as much foi
me," declared Sherry. "Why. it was
only this morning she refused point
blank to bake more tha.i fifteen buck
wheats for me because I was late at
"A most unsNtcrl v, not to say shame
ful, proceeding," sai I Ned 5lorning
star, with mock indignation. "But
come, we must -straight to our aunt and
cousin our plans unfold. Tempui
1 on may be sure Aunt Hannah and
Cousin Dora heartily approved of the
plans when they were unfolded. And
they showed their approbation by pack
ing into a bushel basket an honest
am! true bushel basket as their tharc
of the New Year gifts, a loaf of home
made bread, half a boiled ham, a roast
chicken, a bowl of butter, a tin pail oi
fre-h egir". a paper bag filled, with
doughnuts, and some potatoes, onions,
turnips, tea and sugar,
two jars of preserved strawberries.
And Matt, the hired man. brought
out the two-ho-se sleigh, and putting!
the heavy basket in 'first, got in him
self, took the reins and waited for the
others. Sabie, wrapped in a blanket
which she was to keep, was placed in
the bottom of the sleigh beside the
"She'll be warmer there thau any- '
where else," said Aunt Hannah. " '
Then the boys tumbled in, and the
horses pranced, and the bells jingled,
and away they went, to stop, in just
one hour and three-quarters, in front
of the tall tenement-house, the cellar
basement of which Sabie called
And didn't the turn-out cause a great
excitement among the people in thai
neighborhood? Such a thing had never
been seen there before, and the windows
on each side of the block were filled
villi curious faces faces that showed
every stage of astonishment as Sabie
was lifted from the sleigh and the six
line, manly looking boys followed hci
to call on Granny.
The old woman stopped singing,
"How tedious and tasteless the hours!"
and looked at them with a glimmer oi
surprise as they trooped in.
"Happy New Year, grandmother!"
said they all: and Sherry laid a purse
filled with silver half-dollars in her
"Happy New Year, my brave lads,"
And Matt brought in the bushel
basket, Sherry goin-g out to mind the
horses as he did so, "and opened a jar
of strawberries in the twinkling of an
"They's not the werry same, Tony,"
said Vabie, eagerly, "but I got 'em near
that place, I did. And oh, Tony, I got
lots an' lots of other good things, too."
"Did you go 'way out there fur me,
jist fur me?'' asked Tony. "You's the
bestest an' smartest sister ever wuz,
an' I feel ever so much better this
werry minnit. Happy New Year, Sa
bie!" And the General and his company
got back to Joy Farm just as the party j
began, and when the guests had all ar- '
Aunt Hannah told the story of Sa-1
bie's search for the strawberries, and
the boys told about their visit to Tony
and his grandmother, and the result
was at least thirty more good friends
for the iamily in the cellar-basement.
And in consequence of that result the
cellar-basement was "to let" in a few
weeks, and Sabie, Tony and Granny
were living in a comfortable four
roomed cottage only a stone's-throw
from Farmer Joy's farm-house.
And there they are living still. And
when Sabie reads this story, as she is
sure to do, she'll wonder howl came to
know all about those two totally unex- '
peeted New Year's calls. Margaret
Ejtings, in Harper's Young People. '
Dress, says a contemporaneous phi
losopher, is but the outward and visible
sign of character, and when all ladies
become wise they will dress according
to common sense; that is, each wiO
adopt the style of costume and colors
best suited to her face, figure and posi
tion in life.
Two hundred and fifty leeches es
caped from a jar in a Portland (Ore.)
drug store and crawled into a neigh
boring piano wareroom, where theH
were all captured after a search lasting
Statesmanship Not Sectional.
The Republican party leaders arc
now pretending to be felicitating them
selves on the selection of Mr. Carlisle
for the Speakership of the House.
Ihcy base their pretended hopes fin-t
upon the fact that the Speaker
somes from the South, and second that
he represents tariff retorra. The Re
publican party, while it is wicked and
corrupt, is not an assemblage of fools,
and, while there may be, and doubt
less are, many "foolish and stupid men
who put themselves forward as leaders,
the mass of voters in all sections of the
country are tolerably sensible people.
They k"now, if the leaders do not, that
the selection of Mr. Carlisle for
Speaker is judicious, and secures pub
lic confidence. The Republican lead
ers are anxious to open the campaign
with the sectional cry of the "bloody
shirt," and push k on by affrighting
the country with the notion that tariff
reform means the destruction of Ameri
can labor. In the first place, the Solid
South has nothing to do with the suc
cess of Mr. Carlisle; for he was not
chosen because he came from the South,
but because he best represents the liv
ing principles and issues of the Demo
cratic party. He represents all that
the Democracy has been struggling for
since the war the right of the people
to conduct their domestic affairs, and
to enjoy the fruits of their labor free
from the officious intermeddling of
political adventurers, and the more
odious tyranny of moneyed rings and
giant monopolies. The more sensible
mass of Republican voters who are as
much interested in good government as
our Democratic brethren, know that
the accident of birth or residence cuts
no figure in calculations which have
to do with the material interests of the
country, and know also that wise and
patriotic statesmanship is just ls likely
to come from a man born south of Ma
son and Dixon's line as one north of it,
and that it is not the locality which
makes the statesman, but the quality of
mind and the traits of character which
he possesses. Regarded in this light no
man has appeared in our National coun
cils in many years who is the superior
of the one whom the Democratic party
has chosen as its legislative leader.
Can the geographical distinction so
affect the mind of a statesman as to
condition his patriotism by the charac
ter of his surroundings, or would the
man whose shining talents and sterling
qualities, as vouched for by friend and
foe alike, and whose exalted views of
public affairs are the theme of gen
eral admiration, temper his zeal for the
public good and consider his duty to the
Nation only in so far as it might ad
vance sectional interest? Does any
sensible man believe this, or can any
partisan prejudice sufficiently blind the
average judgment to accept such a con
clusion? There is nothing in Mr. Car
lisle's history as a public man, or his
utterances anywhere, to lead to any be
lief but that his elevation to a great and
responsible position will be accepted as
a sacred trust; to do all that may be in
his power for the advancement of Na
tional interests and the good of the
people with whom his interests are
identified. Republican leaders may
seek to deny all this in the natural de
sire to prevent themselves from being
overcome by the wiser lessons of states
manship, which it may be Mr. Carlisle's
happy privilege to teach, but the masses
who will be able by and by to read and
judge for themselves, will not be easily
misled into a belief which will do them
The South is no more become the rul
ing dominating power in Democratic
politics because of Mr. Carlisle's elec
tion than it would have been had either
Mr. Ran Jail or Mr. Cox been chosen.
All are Democrats and all strove as
earnestly for the support of Southern
votes as Mr. Carlisle did, and his s elec
tion means simply a combination of cir
cumstances common to politics and ful
ly illustrated in all political history.
But the Republicans will insist that
the selection means predominant South
ern influence in our politics, as if that
section were alien to the common in
terests of the Nation, and as if there was
something dreadful to be apprehended
if Southern men and Southern views
came to 1 e recognized in the theater of
National contest. Have the Southern
States no voice in our National affairs,
or shall that great section relinquish its
right to be heard because its people dif
fer with those of the North in their po
litical views? It is not that any politic
al rights are denied them, but because
that section is Democratic rather than
Republican from cau-es which are well
understood by all thinking people, that
the objection conies, and the bugbear
of a solid South with its m-aningless
twaddle is constantly dragged in to do
campa'gn duty. The Democratic partr
has its strength in the Souti, there is
no deny'ng this, but it is from no lack
of attention on the part of the Repub
lican managers that it is so, but rather
from their failure to make it otherwise.
They would not object to Southern
votes, nor Southern States if the;- could
have them; it is because the South
will not be bought or driven to Repub
lican principles, so called, that the
South becomes an object of painful
solicitude to Republican hopes. All
this the voters of the North understand,
and they also understand that Mr. Car
lisle's selection means a very great and
important change in Democratic poli
tics, viz: that the day of temporizing
and fooling with living and vital issues
is past, and that hereafter the Demo
cratic flag will represent something and
mean something The day of hiding
and shirking behind imaginary dangers
is over, ana henceforth the Democratic
party will appeal to the whole country,
East, West, North and South, for sup
port and give a reason for the fa;th
which is in them. Right methods have
at last triumphed. The party has, by
the election of Mr. Carlisle, "put time
serving and cowardly fears away from
them and assumed an attitude which
the country can clearly understand.
Upon the simple but comprehensive
issue of tariff reform the country will be
appealed to for party support, and hand
in hand with the promise of good gov
ernment which it is abundantly able to
guarantee, will go the other pledge of
deliverance Irom grasping monopolies
and tariff oppressions, not danger to
American labor, but justice to all in the
widest, fre st. best sense of the term.
With a strict regard for the rights of
labor, judged not by the clamor of fat
tening monopolies, but based in a sense
of common justice to all alike, "with
honest toil justly recompensed for its
efforts and the blessings of her Govern
ment extended to every section and to
every man, the Democratic party can
face its enemies and win a glorious vic
tory. This is the meaning of Carlisle's
election, and the country fully under
stands it American Register.
A railroad running south from Phil
adelphia has adopted the 24-o'clock
standard of time. A train on this line
leaves Philadelphia at 17:55 o'clockrand.
arrives at Baltimore at 20:45 o'clock.
The "Solid South" Lie.
The charge that Mr. Carlisle's elec
tion to the Speakership was due entire
ly to the effort of a "Solid South" and
the proper handling of tho "sectional
issue," is as unsupported Ly fact, as it
lacks even decent ingenuity of malice.
No man in the history of Congress
ever received a more honest or a mora
National election to the Speakership.
So far as a "Solid South' is concerned,
the expressions of public opinion as ev
idenced in the brilliant Kentuckian's
election has done more to lay the "ac
tional issue," which contemptible poli
ticians have kept alive on the stump
for selfish purposes, on the shelf
than anything that has happened since
the close of tne civil war. It has ab
solutely deprived the cry of all possible
consistency even for the basest political
i-Let us look at the figures, however,
in order that all may understand the
truth of our statements and the con
temptible characters of those which the
originators of this charge make. Mr.
Carlisle received as many votes from
the Northern States as Mr. Randall did,
and twice as many as Mr. Cox, the
former two receiving thirty-two each.
Mr. Carlisle received votes from twenty
four States, from ever geographical
standpoint, while all of Mr. Randall's
votes came from sixteen States, and
then but two from the great States of
the West. In fact, had Mr. Carlisle
not been supported by the votes ol
Eastern, Middle, Western and Pacific
States he would have fallen many votes
short of an election. The truth
of the matter is that Mr. Carlisle
was a National candidate, elected
because he was the embodiment ol
a tariff reform which the necessities of
every section Remand. As the Boston
Herald, an independent paper, says
"The South is no more interested' in
getting cheaper tools and farming uten
sils, blankets and clothing, jron and
steel, glass and crockery, than the
manufacturers of the North are in ob
taining cheaper raw materials, or than
our ship builders and merchants are in
al restoration of their lost commerce.
Mr. Carlisle, a Kentuckian, holds sub
stantially the same views on the tarifl
question as those advanced by Mr. Cox,
a New Yorker, Mr. Holman, an Indi
anian, and Mr. Morse, of our own State.
Revenue reform is not a sectional ques
tion and cannot be made so. It is a
question affecting the welfare of the
people everywhere, who are taxed un
necessarily to the extent of more than
$100,000,000, under the tariff that was
increased thirty per cent to meet the
cost of the war."
On the other hand, Mr. Randall, the
most pronounced protectionist in the
Democratic party, himself received
twenty votes from the so-called "Solid
South" It was not a section of the
country that conspired against him, but
his own false position on a question
that threatened the welfare of 50,000,
000 of people lost him the Speakership.
This is shown by the fact that, despite
his splendid record as a former Speaker
of Congress, despite his firmness in re
ducing the expenditures at a time when
it was found necessary, and despite his
honorable services to his party at all
times, every section of the entire coun
try, as represented by the Congressmen
elect, saw the necessity of leaving these
things out of their calculations and do
ing what was plainly their duty. There
was nothing sectional about Mr. Car
lisle's selection nor will there be any
thing sectional about the Democratic
reforms which he will institute. He
"was chosen in spite of his Southern
residence, rather than by reason of it,"
as the Boston Herald says. His elec
tion was a triumph forDemocratic prin
ciples wherever the Democratic party
exists. The "Solid South" charge is a
lie, and those bringing it forward know
it to be so. New Haven Register.
Solid but not Sectional.
"The South is no longer only solid; it
is dominant in the Democratic party,
at least." Such is the asinine remark
of the New York Tribune, and the sen
timent will echo along the line of the
small-fry Republican newspapers
throughout the country. All this be
cause of the election to the Speakership
of a man from Kentucky and to the
Clerkship of a man from Missouri.
This absurd idea is limited to the
narrowest, most unintlucntial faction ol
the Republican party. Republicans
whose common sense is not only "solid"
but "dominant' men of honesty and
candor do not reason in this unreason
able way. They feel that no party cap
ital is to be made on such false and
liimsy pretexts, but that the situation,
while perilous to Republican success,
involves no menace to the peace of the
country or the stability of its business
A Republican member of Congress,
conversing with a correspondent of the
New York 'Times in relation to the elec
tion of Mr. Carlisle, makes use of the
He is honest, frank and earnest. He is Jusl'
a much concerned to take care of the busi
ness interests of the country us anybody
know. Then he knows that tlire is a preju
dice ajrainst Southern men, and a belief thai
no man from the ?outh is tit lo be entrusted
with power. He will make an effort to disap
point everybody who holds that belief, and 1
am afraid be will succeed. Should he do sc
therj will be an end of sectionalism, a solidi
fication not of the South or of the North, but
of the Nation.
This opinion discloses the real and
only cause of Republican alarm. It is
not" that they fear the effect of a Demo
cratic majority in Congress upon the
public welfare, but the fatal conse
quences to the grand old party, which
that majority threatens.
Should its legislation be wise, efficient,
remedial where remedies of existing
grievances are needed, reformatory
where existing abuses call for reform,
and uniformly honest, thorough and
patriotic, as we have even reason to
believe it will be, then, indeed, as the
Republican Representative truly says,
will there supervene "an end of sec
tionalism" and a "solirtification of the
Such is the apprehension that "harts"
the Tribune and its following only this
and nothing more. Washington Iost.
The latest mining sensation is the
discovery of a diamond the size of a
bean in a min'ng claim near Helena,
M. T. The finder was ignorant of its
value, and was going to have it set in a
pin as a curious stone, and u-as much
surprised on being told bv a jeweler,.
who offered him fortv-fiva dollars for ?
it, that it was a diamond. On learning;
what it was he refused thre hundrea
dollars for it, and claims to have plenty
more like it in his diggings. Salt Lakt
Mrs. Dorcas Chapin, widow of
Chester W. Chapin, has signified her
desire ta endow a hospital lor Spring
field, Mass., with 325,000. It is her
deshethat oniy apart of the fund be
used for the 'jrection of plain and eco
nomical hospital buildings, and that tho
rest be reserved as an endowment, and
a nucleus, for future gifts and bequests
by the charitably disposed. Boston
Tale of a Turnkey.
To look at my gray hair," said jolly
Jake Graff, the big-hearted head turn
key at the county jail to a Commercial
reporter, "you wouldn't think that 1
was only forty-five years of age, would
fou?" The reporter admitted that he
looked much older, and that almost
anybody would take him to be at lcasl
Jiree score and ten.
"Well, I'll tell you the cause of these
ray hairs," continued the good-natured
airnkey, as he handed a whole plug ol
tobacco through the bars to a prisoner
who had timidly asked him for a chew.
"It happened just seventeen years ago
to-morrow, when I was a machinist
was sent down to Mississippi County,
Arkansas, by Ainslie, Cochran & Co. tc
put up some machinery. Between the
river and where I was stopping was a
distance of about twenty miles, and it
was pretty much swamp land all the
way. One time I went over to the rivei
to take a boat bound for Memphis, bu1
when I got to the landing I found that
the boat had already passed. It was
!r,te at night and as no other boat would
bj along until thenextday, I concluded
to walk back about three miles and pul
110 until daylight at a farm-house. Tin
night was pitch dark, and on the waj
b.icfc I got off the road, and the first
thing 1 Knew I was in a swamp up tc
tay "waist I got turned completelj
around, and the moro I waded around
the worse offl got. Whilelwaswadinc
around I suddenly heard something
splashing around in the water about 201
feet from me, and it seemed to be draw
ing nearer to meall thetime. Ilistened,
and sure enough, there was somethinc
approaching, and I could not imagine
what it was. I called "Who comes
;here?" but there was no answer, and
then I began to get scared, for I kne
here were lots of bears in that part ol
the country. I had my pistols out, onf
in each hand, and a bowie-knife be
tween my teeth. When the thing gol
within thirty feet of mo it stopped,
floundering around in the water awhile,
and then it went back a few feet, but
only for a few minutes, for it cam
toward me ag ain, coming just about a$
close as it did at first. I then saw thai
it was a great big black bear, and thai
it was trying to get at me, but it was
afraid it might strike deep water. Ij
sat right down on its haunches and
there it stayed. I was afraid to shoot
at it for fear of only wounding it, whicr,
would have made it so mad that il
would have taken the chances of drown
ing to get at me. So there 1 stood in
that one spot, in water up to my waist,
for three hours and a half, until some
people living about a mile off came tc
my rescue. I tell yon I was glad to get
out alive, but the text day when
looked in the glass I found that mj
black hair was streaked with gray."
"That's a pretty tough story, Jacob,"
remarked the reporter.
"Yes, you can bet it's true, everj
word of it," replied the fat turnkey.
"It may be; but if the night was sc
frightfully dark how could you distin
guish a bear at so great a distance?"
"Why, I happened to have som
matches and a piece of candle with me,
and when the bear came back the sec
ond time and sat down in the water,
lit the candle. And it was the candle
that saved my life, for it burned long
enough to attract the attention of the
people I spoke of, and it was just about
lo llickcr out when they came up and
shot the bear." Louisville Commercial
What are Cyclones!
The "case of Joseph Baker vs. the
Rockford Insurance Company, of Rock
ford, 111., which has been on trial in
the United States Circuit Court here,
has been decided by the jury bringing
in a verdict for the defendant. The
case is one of unusual interest, not sc
much from the money involved as the
question at issue. The facts were thai
Sunday, April 18, 1881, a cyclone swepl
over the western part of this county,
destroying, among much other proper
ty, the house of Mr. Joseph Baker, on
which he had a lire and lightning pol
icy in the Rockford Fire Insurance
Company for 1,000. Mr. Baker
brought suit against the company to re
cover his insurance, alleging that
cyclones are electric or lightning
storms, and that the destruction of hii
house by a cyclone was a destruction b
lightning, against which the companj
had insured him. This raised not onl
a very nice legal, but a delicate and
much-disputed scientific question, anc
it was found necessary to take the testi
mony and deposition of several persons
wclf known in scientific rireles to place
the question properly before the jury.
For the plaintiff the deposition of the
late Prof. John Ticc wfts taken. lie
inclined very strongly to the electric
theory, as did alo Mr. Llewelyn, ol
Mexico. For the defense the testimonj
and depositions of Col. C. Shaler Smith,
Prof. Francis G. Nipher," of Washing
ton University, St.. Louis, and Prof.
James C. Watson, of Washburn Ob
servatory, Madison, Wis., were intro
duced; also the report of John P. Fin
ley, of the United States Signal Service,
detailed by the Government to investi
gate cyclones, and who has taken ob
servations of between 600 and 700 tor
nadoes. The defense admitted thai
more or less electricity prevails in
storms. The court instructed the jury
that if they found electricity the pre
dominant and controlling force in a
cyclone or tornado they were to find
for the plaintiff. After being out aboul
three hours they returned a verdict for
Ihe defendant. Jefferson City Mo.)
Cor. Chicaqo Tribune.
A peculiar disease known as "milk
poison" has for some years past existed
in the section north of Hartsville,Tenn.,
from the M21stonc knobs to the foot ol
the ridge, mbracing; a territory of sev
3ral thousand acres. The cause of the
disease is, evidently a weed, and exactly
what it is. the mosi able scientist has
failed to. discover. Cows eat the weed,
become milk-poisoned,, thereby trans
mittingthe disease-to the human race.
The syaaptoms of the mysterious disease
are coatinual thirst, great irritabilitv ol
flir cimfirb. Tirnstrjition of the vital
...v ..-.vu.u.., i-- f
powers, coldness of the feet, and con- j
stipsiion of the- bowels. Chicago Times j
-. m m
Swiss railway companies have hit
tpoa a very efficient method of attract
ing: attention to their trains by coveting
a portion oi" their carriages with a phos
phorescent application which rentiers
them visible in the darkest nights.
This might prove a valuable suggestion
in this country, whero trains nts at all
hours through unprotected streets.
-"-Poetry, is the flour of literature;
prose is tho corn, potatoes and meat:
satire is tho aqua-fortis; wit is the spice
and pepper; love letters are the honey
and sugar; and letters containing re
mittances are the apple-dumplinga.
One of the curfosities of old Muck
rose Abbey, near; "Killarney, Ireland, is
one of the finest yew trees in Europe,
planted by the monks some 500 yean
ago. In some places the ivy bw grows
aatirely through the abbey wall.
An Arctic Mhibt,
It having been hinted that Louis
Sloss, Secretary of the Alaska Com
mercial Company, was in possession of
Dne of the curious specimens broughk
down from Alaska by Prof. Jacobsen,
of the Royal Museum of Berlin, who
made a valuable collection of interest
ing objects while prosecuting his arch
aeological researches in that region
recently, a Chronicle reporter called on
Sir. Sloss yesterday and was shown the
specimen." It is kept under lock and
key, not yet being prepared and
mounted for scrutiny. The object
proved to be a mummy, claimed by
Prof. Jacobsen, as well as other scien
tific gentlemen, to be at least five hun
dred years old. It was found on Green
Island, a few miles north of Kodiak.
Although perfectly preserved and so
singularly grotesque as to transfix the
beholder'with wonder, its value lies al
most entirely in tho great scientific in
terest attached to it as a relic of ancient
life in that comparatively unknown
region. The specimen is a male, about
five feet six inches in height and bear
ing a close resemblance to a Japanese.
Though the flesh is desiccated and the
dried to the bones in some parts of the
body, the outline is very generally pre
served. The face has a look of despair
and anguish depicted on it and tho
teeth are protruded. One hand is
clasped upon the heart and the lower
limbs are curled up in a poculiar man
ner. Capt Melville C. Erskine, who has
sailed the Arctic seas for the past
eighteen years, being interviewed on the
"I never saw such a fellow in my life
as that Jacobsen. He is a most
thorough worker in the interest of sci
ence, and would leave no stono un
turned while conductiughis researches."
"Where is the professor now?" was
"On his way to Berlin, with six spec
imens of muniies and lots of other stuff
that he found in different places."
"In what condition did no find these
muniies?" queried the reporter.
"O, in all shapes," said the captain.
"Some in baskets, some in straw mat
ting and others in furs and skins."
"How were they preserved?"
"They were found in caves, you
know, and these seemed to possess a
remarkable power of preservation, as
yet not fully understood. But there
they were kept, in an almost perfect
state, for long centuries."
"Do you think they are so very an
cient?" was next asked.
"I consider them prehistoric relics ol
a people whose traditions antedate
those of the present generation by hun
dreds of years, and I'll tell you why.
Within sixty years only Christian burial
has been practiced by the natives. Be,
fore that time the bodies of men were
disjoined and burned, and those ol
women were cast into the sea. No such
trouble as embalming was gone to by
these people then, I assure. "The raca
preceding them was no doubt a superior
one, and no traditions now exists con
L "Do any of the Aleutin group afford
"I have heard that such was the case.
Captain Henning secureda fewscraggy
pieces of human remains from tne
island of Four Mountains, which were
sent to Europe ten years ago. But
these and the Jocobsen collection are
the only ones discovered thus far, and
the latter, in fact may be said to con
tain the only perfect specimens."
Captain Erskine went on to say that
the Aleutian Islands had never been
properly surveyed, rendering naviga
tion difficult and dangerous. lew
travelers, therefore, visit the smaller
islands and whalers never touch except
at Buralacka, and that rarely. A thor
ough research in this region would cer
tainly prove of vast interest to the sci
entific world, and this should be made,
and probably will be before long.
A sustaining argument advanced by
a scientific gentleman in regard to the
theory of these mummies being of a
prehistoric race was the fact that they
were found on the older islands. There
was no doubt of the fact that many ol
the Aleutian chain were of compara
tively recent volcanic origin, and the
mummies were tiken from the old
islands near the mainland. San Fran
One of the principal members of the
"Javelins," an organization that has
recently made its appearance in South
west Texas, has revealed some of the
motives actuating the-fence-cutting in a
struggle that is shaking Texas to the
center. Said he: "We are like min
nows in a pool of hungry trout Some
big stockmen buys all the land around
on all sides, his cattle graze on oui
lands and ours onhis. When hemaket
his 'rounding' our cattle are driven oft
to some distant point on his large
ranche with his. Our calves are sepa
rated from their mothers, and in the
confusion are branded with his brand,,
and are driven off with his cattle."
"But if the land was not inclosed;
wouldn't this same thing' happen?"
"No, not to the same extent it does
now. When the range- was free every
body's cattle ran at large, and no one
thought of rounding up' and driving
off every cow in sight.''
"Don't you think if a man owns land
he has a right tc lecce it if he ytante.
"No, s5rno man has a right tCkfen.ce
you up orinclose the gras3 and water
He didn't plant the-grass or have- any
thing to. do with, making iS grow
Neither did he-create the springs ot
rivers. God made them free,, and!
before these land-sharks arsij- cattle
kings put fences- around then they were
free. The grass is just as gced and will
fatten his cattle-just as iast "without a
fence aroundj it as within."
"But what is the use of owning land;
if you can't do. as you pleas with it?"
"You can, do. 33 you phrase with it.
If you wan ttc cultivate itt put up yout
fence, plow up your land, and plane it.
We won't botaeir you. "What you work
for and plant isiyourabut grass i3,freefc
and no man has a righft to claim what
does aot belong to hjtra.'
"Havent the pa3tur&-men offered tr
do almost anything yo ask?"
"Yes. they offer us. every thiag but
what we want aid are going te- have is
a free range. We. are deteimined ta
have our rights and if it causes blood
shed we can't help it. Wo saust and
will have a free- range. There are not
enough men in the regular army oi the
United States to guard tTbe lines of wire
pasture-fences in TexasJ Galveston
Mr. Wyman, thoBaltimore million
aire who died recently, left nothing hut
disjointed memoranda for a will. His
wife,, who had died some time before,.
had three proteges, unmarried iaaies
whom she? wished Mr. Wyman. at his
death to provide for. To two ho gave
$60,000 each. The other one had boxed
his ears for trying to kiss her, so he
only left hor 840,000. Baltimore Sun
. '"- .1
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