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DEFLECTOR FDBLISMG COMPANY-
THE LITTLE GRAVE.
There's a spot on the h'l'.siierar away.
Where in summer the srass grows gren;
Where, beneath a rustlin; elm tree's shade,
A moss-co-ered stone is seen.
"TIs a quiet and unrrequeated spot,
A solitude lone and wild;
"l"c somebody's hopes are burled there
'Tis the grave or a little child.
In winter, alas ! that mossy stone
Is hid 'neath a shroud of snow:
But around it, in springtime, fresh and swell,
The daisies and violets ?row;
And or it the summer breezes blow,
-With a fragrance soft ad mild.
And the autumn's dead leaves thickly strew
That grave of a little child.
And every year there's a redbreast comes,
When the month of May is ni?h.
And builds her nest in this quiet spot,
'Mid theelm tree's branches high;
With her melody swe-t by the hour she trills,
As if by the scene beguiled:
Tcrhaps who knows "tW an anel comes
To the grave of that little child.
Yes. somebody's hones lie buried thers.
Some mother is weepia? in vain.
For. though years muy come and years may so,
'Twill never como back again.
Yot blessed are those who die in youth.
The pure and the undefllcd;
.Some road to Heaven, jwrchancc, runs through
That grave of a little child.
AXDTALS AND SOIL.
Tho Wonderful and Useful "Work
' Done by Ant3.
TVliat I ArcompIInlieil liy CrayKnb, Tielil
Mice, JSuc. Ktc Hut the Aut., in Many
Districts, Are tin- Must Impor
Thc admirable tmlit? of Mr. Darwin
on the influences of tho earth-worms
upon the toil has made it clear that
these animals exereNc a most impor
tant effect in its preparation for the use
of plants. Mr. Darwin's luminous es-sa-
has served to call attention to the
effect of organic life on the develop
ment of the soil-coating. In the fol
lowing pages I propose to submit the
results of some studies of a general na
ture, which serve to show that a num
ber of other animals have a consider
able influence on the preparation of
Our soils, as it well kn.iwn, dnpend
upon a variety of actions which serve
to break up the rocky matter of the
earth and to commingle that matter
with organic materials more rapidly
than the erosive agents can remove the
detritus from the point at or near
which it decays. For the formation of
the soil two actions at least arc essen
tial. First, the bed-rock must be broken
into fragments sufficiently separated
from each other to permit the passage
of roots between them; second, the
rock fragments must bo still further
comminuted and commingled with
organic waste to make the combination
of organic and inorganic matter on
which the utility of tiu soil absolutely
depends. Although thy earth-worms
are undoubtedly very important agents
in overturning and breaking up of soil,
it appears to me that they are most ef
fective in the tilled fields or in the natu
ral and artificial grass-lands. So far
as 1 have been able to observe, these
creatures are rarely found in our ordi
nary forests where a thick layer of
leaf-mold, commingled with branches,
lies upon the earth. The character of
this deposit is such that the creatures
are not competent to mako their way
through it. and they therefore in the
main avoid such situations. Moreover,
wherever the soil is of a very snmlv
nature, earth-worms are scantly found
if they arc present at all. These worms
are practically limited to the soils of a
somewhat clayey character, which
have no coating of decayed vegetation
As tho greater portion of the existing
soil has been produced in forest regions,
I shall first examine the action of vari
ous animals upon the soils of wooded
countries. The mammals are, of all our
vertebrates, the most effectivo in their
action upon the soil of forests. Twenty
species, or more, of our American mam
mals are burrowers in the forest bed.
They either make their habitations be
neath tho ground or resort to it in the
pursuit of food. Of these our burrow
ing rodents are perhaps tho most effect
ive, but a large number of other small
mammals resort to the earth and make
considerable excavations. In forming
their burrows, or in the pursuit of other
burrowing animals, these creatures
often penetrate through the whole or
greater portion of the soil-covering.
The material which is withdrawn from
tho burrow is accumulated about its
mouth. The result is the ovorturnin
of a considerable amount of the earth
and a consentient conuuinzlin'r of the
material with vegetable matter. When
brought to the surface ami left exposed
to tho action of frost th breaking up of
the material is greatly favored, and
thus the formation of the soil is facili
tated. Considerable as is the effect of bur
rowing mammal-:, the principal over
turning of tho earth in our primeval
forests is accomplished by the inverto
"brato animals. Where- the woods are
not very dense, and particularly where
the soil is somewhat sandy, our largest
species of ants are very effective agents
in working over the soil. Their "bur
tows extend to the depth of some feet
below the surface, and each hill brings
to the airseveral cubic feet of excavated
matter, which, as slight inspection
shows, is much commingled with vege
table matter. Wherever these ant-hills
abound they commonly exist to the
number of & score or more on each
acre, and tho occupants of each hill, in
many cases, bring as much as a cubic
foot of matter to the surface in tho
course of a single year. The action of
rain constantly operates to diffuse this
material on every side of the hill. We
may often observe a thin layer of sedi
ment "extendingfor a considerable dis-
As is well kuown ' to all those who
have inspected the soil within virgin
forests, the earth is occupied by a host
of larval insects, principally belonging
to the group of beetles, but including
also niahy,orthopterou3 insects. These
creatures in the course of their life un
derground displace a good deal of soil,
a poitionidf which' is thrown upon the
surface, the greater part, hotvevcr, be-
ing merely dislodged beneath the sur
face. The effect, however, is to com
mingle and to break up the soil, and
thus favor its comminution. Although
the roots of trees do by far the larger
part of the rending which is accom
plished in the soil layer, they do not
bring about much commingling of the
soil. The thrusts which they apply to
it shear the materials about, and so to
a certain extent mix them, but bt- far
the larger part of the commingling is
effected by the animal life which dwells
beneath the forest bed.
Where the woods arc wet and favor
the development of the crayfish the
effect of this group of animals on the
overturning of the soil is extremely
great. It probably exceeds that which
is accomplished in our ordinary fields
by the action of the earth-worms. A
single crayfish will often bring in tho
coiirso of a single seaon's activity not
less than half a cubic foot of earthy
matter to the surface. In certain dis
tricts where theso animals abound there
appear to be not less thau a thousand
to each acre of surface. If such be
their number, it is evident that not less
than live hundred cubic feet of matter
is brought to the surface from a con
siderable depth in the course of a year.
As this matter is generally of a rather
fine nature and easily dissolved in water,
it rapidly washes away and forms a thin
sheet on the surface. I am inclined to
believe that large areas of our wet
woods and the open border lands along
our streams arc completely overturned
to the depth of two feet or more
in the course of half a century
by the actions of these animals.
It is not impossible, indeed, that
the very fine division of the soil
which characterizes the regions inhab
ited by theso creatures may be in good
part due to their action. In this man
ner the creatures may have in part
worked to bring about the very condi
tions which best serve their needs. "In
open grounds, in natural prairies or
grass-plains, the smaller species of ants
are extremely effective agents in over
turning the spoils. Wherever the
ground remains for some time un
plowcd, it becomes occupied by those
creatures. In tho sandy soils of East
ern Massachusetts, the overturning ac
complished by these creatures assumes a
geological importance. For many years
I have been puzzled by the fact that the
glacial terraces and plains of this re
gion were extensively covered to the
depth of a foot or more b- a coating
of fine sand and verv small pebbles.
while below the depth of a foot pebbles
of larger size are very numerous and
the spaces between them but imper
fectly occupied with any material. It
is obviously impossible to explain these
conditions through the action of earth
worms, for the reason that these crea
tures are rarely found in soils of this
description. From much observation I
have become convinced that this coat
ing of sandy material is to a great ex
tent to be explained by the action of
various species of ants, in the forest
condition by the work of the larger
black ants, and in the condition of open
plains by that of tho smaller species.
The amount of material which these
creatures bring to the surface in a
single season is surprising. At several
points in Eastern Massachusetts I have
found the surface to contain at least
one ant-hill to each square foot of area,
or about forty thousand hills to the
acre. This is probably an exceptionally
great number; it will perhaps be safer
to estimate the number at twenty thou
sand to the acre. The incoherent heaps
of excavated matters which those crea
tures form are quickly washed away by
the rain, or in many cases are blown
away by strong winds, and so scat
tered over tho surface. As soon as de
stroyed the are, in most cases, re
buildcd, the result being that a single
hill is reconstructed at least half a
dozen times during the season. I have
estimated that the amount of material
brought to the surface often exceeds
three cubic inches to each square foot
of surface in a single year, or about a
fiftieth of an inch of tho whole area
each 3'ear. Thus, in tho term of fifty
years, the accumulation of material on
the surface would amount to as much
as an men anil, reckoning tlie sou as
having an average depth of ono foot, a
total overturning would bo accom
plished in less than one thousand years.
It is likely that in some cases, over con
siderable areas, a tolerably complete
overturning is brought about in less
than a quarter of this time.
The effect of this action of ants on
the soil material is peculiar. The ten
dency is like that noted by Dr. Darwin
in the case of earth-worms to bring the
liner particles to the surface. I am in
clined to think the ants accomplished
this part of their work even more
effectively than the earth-worms, for
tho reason that they penetrate more
deeply between the stones than their
less active associates. Like the earth
worms, but in larger measure, the ants
convey considerable amounts of organic
matter into the soil. Their winter store
of food is deeply buried, and much of it
remains unconsumed in the nether
earth. There is thus a constant in
humation of vegetable matter beneath
tho materials which they bring to the
Although the burrowing vertebrates
operate most vigorously in tho forest
covered regions, they also exercise a
certain influence on the open country.
The moles, which work only here and
there in the forest, are conspicuous
agents in overturning the soil in the
grassed regions. Still, as this group is
peculiarly limited in its distribution and
rarely penetrates to more than four or
five inches below the surface, it exercises-j
a relatively small effect. The field
mice are more potent agents in effect
ing the character of the soil: Their
dwelling-chambers are at a considera
ble depth below the surface, and in
forming them, they a bring a certain
amount of matter to tho open air.
Moreover, the remains of their food, as
vellas their excrements, are important
contributions to the organic matter of
the soiL Insects in their larval stage
exercise a less efiect in the open field
than in tho forest-covered regions; still
they arc not to bo left out of account in
considering the process of soil-making
in such areas. In Europe the rabbit,
which has a habit of burrowing to a
considerable depth, and in certain dis-
trictswest of thoMi.gMsMppl. iho rr"'"n
dogs overturn the soil on tho areas thev
occupy with considerable rapidity. Still
as the number of these creatures in any
given district is not great, their influ
ence is mostly exercised in a very local
The foregoing considerations make it
tolerably clear that our ants are, in
some districts, by far the most impor
tant agents in overturning the soil and
in commingling the superficial organic
matter with the mineral material of
which it is composed. Although on a
field of a certain class, those which are
of a clayey nature, the earth-worms
are probably more efficient soilmakers
than the ants, this latter group appears
to be, at least in the eastern part ol
North America, on the whole, by far
the most effective in the preparation ol
the soil for the needs of plants. They
do not, it is true, take the soil into theii
bodies, and thus disintegrate it, as the
earth-worms do, but they accomplish
what is perhaps the more important
task of rapidly overturning tho soil
material, as well within the forests a
in the open fields, wherever that mate
rial is of a sandy nature. ropulut
A Genuine Tennennee Mountain After-Din
A weary traveler stopped at a way
side clapboard store, among the East
Tennessee mountain, and addressing
an old fellow who nodded at him. said:
"My 'dear sir, I am exceedingly
hungry, having ridden all da- without
any thing to eat. What have you got?"
"Wall, I duuno. Ain't took stock
"Got some cheese, havn't you?"
"Did have some, finest you ever seed,
but the rats got a foul uv hit."
"You surely have crackers?"
"Did have 'bout er ha'fer box uv
about the finest crackers in this -ere
country, but my olo hen got ter layin'
in the box, an' now she's a-settin' on
the aigs an' has got sich a good start
that I don't want ter interfere with
"Don't know that it i. fur I've
kep' sto' fur er good while, an' I have
noticed that a hen would ruthcr git in
a box an' lay on the crackers than
putty nigh anywhar else. Seems like
she knn lay better. 'Pears ter be suthin'
erbout the crackers that inspires her."
"You have some dried herrings, 1
"Yes, some of the finest 1 ever seed,
but, you see, tho cat has got in the
habit of draggin' 'em over the flo' at
night. She chaws a little bit on one
an' then on another, an' has made some
of 'em look sorter wusted, still, ef you
think you ken find one that's above
suspicion, w'y, go 'round thar an' he'p
yo se i.
"I don't care to take any chance."
"Jest cz well not. I reckon, fur the
flo' ain't so might' clean an' I'm putty
sartin that she's drug the most ov
them fish around even ef she hain't
nibbled at 'em much."
"Have you got any fresh oggs?"
"Wall, I dM have some uv the fresh
est I ever seed, but I wouldn't like to
risk 'em now."
"Great goodness, can't you give mo
"Thar's a middlin' uv meat over thar.
You might cut you off a few slices and
br'ile 'em hero on the coals."
"I thank you for the suggestion."
Tho traveler cut off several slicjs of
meat and soon had them broiled. After
satisfying his hunger, he said:
"I don't know what I should have
done had it not been for that bacon."
"Comes in mighty handy when a
feller's sorter haungry."
"Yes, and although I have eaten
many a better meal I must, say that I
never enjoyed ono more. How much
do I owe you?"
"Nothin' a tall."
"You are surely very accommoda
ting, but you can not afford such liber
ality." "O. yas, in this case I could, fur 'ou
see the meat wa'n't no use ter mo.
Old Bill Ilinsley's dog drug it outen the
smokehouse tuther day an wuz drag
gin' it 'cross a field, when one uv the
boys made him drap it. The meat was
fotch back ter mo an' ez the dog went
mad the next day I was sorter 'feerd
ter oat w'y, I'm sorry you 'pear tor
be snatched, stranger. Wall, good
bye. When you air passin', drap in."
REVENGE IS SWEET.
Hoir a Cnnntnr (imtlpman and Saleslady
Jlrliukccl Tliflr Kinployer.
The cold, haughty, purse-proud mer
chant prince who treats his ribbon
counter gentleman and gentlcmon's
underwearsalesladies with mere civility
or chilling indifference had better be
ware. The time may come when their
positions may be reversed.
"See here, Jinks," said one of these
arrogant millionaires one day to a
ninety-pound ribbon counter clerk,
"you want to attend to your business
better, young man. and not waste so
much of your time flirting with that
red-headed underwear girl across the
aisle, mind that."
Enraged and humiliated, the down
trodden ribbon counter serf vows and
seeks revenge. His time comes soon,
aye, that very night!
The purse-proud, cold-blooded mer
chant prince goes to tiie theater. He
buys an admission ticket and stands
up, being of an economical turn of
"Let us pass, sir." says a calm, cold
voice at his side. He looks down and
beholds the ribbon-counter clerk in the
magnificence of full dress, with the un
derwear girl in flowing robes and six-teen-bntton
kids hanging to his arm.
The ej'es of the men meet, but there is
no sign of recognition on the part of
the ribbon-counter clerk, only a cold,
haughty, fixed stare as he passes proud
ly on to the three-dollar seats reserved
for him and the underwear girl, while
the snubbed and humiliated merchant
prince stands on in the midst of his
own bitter reflections. Detroit Free
Cavendish in 1766 discovered hydro
gen; and between 1774 and 1779 Priest
ley discovered oxygen, azote and nitrous
Water will alwavs find its ltvel.
but as a leveler it can't stay in the
same class as whisky. PAi:cdel)hia
"Yes. sir," said Popinjay, emphat
ically, "Graball is a man of limited
means, but unlimited meanness."
Burlington Fret Press.
A Denver man has been arrested
for stealing three" boxes of cigars of
tho value of eighty-three cents a box.
The defense will be insanity. Life.
The editor who saw a lady making
for the only seat in the strcct-car found
himself "crowded out" to make room
for "more interesting matter."
First burglar "Hello, Bill; get
anj- swag?" Second burglar "This
bag full." "Wl.ow! What did you
strike?" "Anti-poverty bureau, I
gncsi; leasiwavs there was lots in the
drawers."' 2ew Haven Xcivs.
"You were severely wounded at
Gettysburg. I believe?" "Let's see; I
believe I was." "Believe! Don't you
remember it ? " " 2ot distinctly."
"How's that?" "I've been married
ever since tho war." Lincoln Journal.
Solemn man 'OTo, sir, I never fish.
I think it is decidedly wrong." Chipi
nono "Don't like to be so cruel to the
fish?" Solemn man "Xo; I don't mind
hurting the fish, but I think it is wrong
to lie." Texas Colonel.
"I don't wish to say any thing
against the individual in question."
said a very polite gentleman, "but
would merely remark in the language
of the poet, 'that to him truth is stranger
than fiction.' "
A sister always gets a good deal of
attention for about a week after her
brother has been jilted by the only girl
he could ever love. It takes him just
about so long to find out that he could
love some other girl. Somerville Jour
nal. "Why did you strike the plaintiff?"
was asked of a prisoner in the police
court the other day. "Because he said
I was no gentleman." "Well, arc you
a gentleman?" "I don't suppose 1 am,
sir; but it made me mad to be told of
it, all the same." Detroit Free Press.
Wife fwho has had the foreign
language "spasm") "John, do yon
know I am getting on splendidly with
my French? lam really beginning to
think in the language." Husband (in-
terestedin his paper) "Is that so? Let
me hear you think a littlo wkile in
French." -V. Y. Sun.
Professor Shaler say3 that "Vol
canoes play a most important part in
the physical history of our planet."
ll'm; yes. We Have heard that they
played something with "Pompeii, but we
never heard it quite so elaborately or
gentlv stated before. But that's a beau
tiful way those scientists have. Bur
detlc. "Aren't you acting a little foolish
this morning. Pat?" said tho store
keeper to a blarneying Hibernian the
other morning. "That I am, sure. Do
you know, I hev them shpolls once in
a while and it does me good to act 'em
out, so 1 come in here where I'll feel at
home a doin' it." Augusta (Me.)
It is said that among the murderers
hanged during the past three years the
name of John led all others by a large
majority. And it may be added that
it was a John, first name Djiiii, that
was mainly instrumental in making
murderers of possibly every one of the
entire lot. Boston Transcrioi.
A GIRL'S INVENTION.
How a Veteran' IJHUghtnr is Filling n
Iupleteit Family Treasury.
In a remote but decent part of Bos
ton has lived for about fifteen years an
English family of rather unique inter
est. The father served in the war of
tho rebellion, and, being a partial in
valid in consequence, receives a small
pension, which does not go far toward
supporting the family, and he can do
little besides draw his pension and
suffer his constant pain. The mother is
a small woman, with !argo brown oyes
and pale cheeks. She has had a toilsome
life, indeed, and has done all sorts of
work to try and eke out the family
support. Two daughters, the eider
somewhat noted in her neighborhood
as a beaut', and a small boy make up
the balance of the household. Although
desperately poor, the family have been
as proud as Lucifer and seemed bound
to accept no more charity than was ab
solutely unavoidable, though there are
plenty of well-to-do people around
them who would g'id!y have contrib
uted in their aid. as every member of
the family commanded respect. They
have come to be known even outside
their narrow circle from their constant
effort to better themselves, trying now
this thing and now that Every thing
failed until a short time ago; but at
last the family have struck something
vliat will give them ease and comfort if
not comparative wealth. The hand
some daughter is credited with the dis
covery, which is simply a new method
of treating photographs in reproduction.
Her name has been given to it, and her
work is getting more and more circu
lation every day with of course an in
creased inflow of dollars to the family
treasury. She has secured a patent on
her process. All the photographers are
puzzled by the work and would like to
have it for use in their" business, as they
see that this girl is getting as many or
ders as she can fill at the good price of
three dollars for each cabinet repro
duction. The pictures are the same
size as the cabinet photographs, but
softer and more pleasing in tone, and
are mounted under thick plate-glass
with beveled edges. How she makes
her copies nobody has been able to find
out as yet, but in the slang of the day
her work "goes." Springfield Repub
Not so Much of a Success.
"Yes," said a business man, "Single
ton has been wonderfully successful,
not particularly on account of any
shrewdness but because he is sach a
close collector. He is undoubtedly the
best collector in this city."
"I have heard so," some fellow re
marked, "andlusedto believe it, but
I have found that he is not such a suc
cessful collector after all."
"Well, you see, I have owed him a
bill for quite awhile and he never has
sneceededin collecting iurt Arkansaw
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
New silk mills are springing np
everywhere, and the immigration of
foreign weavers has almost stopped.
Never in one season was there such
a demand for oak to go into house
finishing and furniture as tho present.
Red and white oaks are particularly
A new attachment to the micro
scope has been devised, tho object of
which is to observe the melting points
of minerals while under tho process of
It is estimated that the sum spent
on new buildings in this country last
year was -32,000,000.000. and that the
transfers of real estate amounted to
Careful experiments have shown
that waste silk is the most effective of
all non-conducting coverings for steam-
pipes, and the demand for this purpose
is great in spite bf the cost.
The values of the exports of min
eral oils from the United States for the
year ended December 31, 1SS7, showed
a decrease of $2,5S4.977 from the values
of tho corresponding period of 18S6.
The process of manufacturing gas
from water at Los Angeles. Cil.. is a
magnificent success. Its bright, steady
light has been pronounced a decided
improvement ovor electricity.
A simple formula for the prepara
tion of hektograph ink is given by a
competent authority. Take ono part
of aniline, of the color desired, dissolve
in about seven parts of water, and add
on part of glycerine.
Meteorites sometimes attain a ve
locity ot 180.000 feet per second. When
passing through tho air at this rate the
friction is so great that tho air is heated
up to a temperature of 10,800 degrees
The French national printing office
employs girls as type-founders, print
ers, book-sewers, book-binders, etc.,
the wages ranging from fifty cents to
one dollar per day. After thirty years'
service both men and wonun aro re
tired upon a pension.
As a wood preservative naphtha
line is now largely used in Scotland, its
action being to destroy all albuminoid
compounds in tho wood, leaving it dry
nd clean to handle, and with only a
.stint, aromatic smell. The naphtha
line is melted in a vessel capable of be
ing tightly sealed, and in this the wood
Extensive use is n'ow being made
in France of the unique article known
as wood wool, consisting of extremely
thin and slendershavings of wood, that
arc comparable to paper cut for pack
ing. It weighs somo forty or fifty per
ent. less than the materials generally
ised for such a purpose, and its beau
ful appearance, fineness, and exceeding
cleanness have brought it into great
A recent chemical examination of
several prominent brands of "family
lard" showed them to be variously
constituted ot different ingredients, and
in one case not a trace of real lard
could be found in the sample analyzed.
A prominent lard manufacturer tes
tified before the Senate Committee on
Agriculture, at Washington, that so
far as he knew the lard thus manufact
ured is more popular with the people
than the genuiuo article is.
BANKING IN CHINA
now PIstalleii Teller Handle Scraps of
Mlvrr and Clumsy Ilnnk Notes.
A curious place that wo looked into
on our way across the city of Canton
was a Chinese bank, where the counter
part of the brisk young cashiers, tellers
and accountants of our home banks
were sitting in pigtails, and the long
blue blouses of gentlemen .and scholars,
shoveling silver Mexicans from basket
to basket, and letting them fall on the
stone floor with a deafening ring and
clatter. A Chinaman can do nothing
quietly, and noise is his necessary ac
companiment to evary action. Every
one of the pewtery-looking dollars is
weighed and stamped bv the bank, rung
on stone slabs and fully tested, and
there are baskets full of fragments,
halves and chips of silver dollars that
pass as smaller coins. These scraps
and bits of silver pass current by their
weight and their purity is tested by the
ring. The Hong Kong and Shanghai
Banking corporation issue paper
notes of different values that save
one from carrying loads of these
clumsy Mexican dollars about with
one, but the bank notes are as
clumsy in proportion. They are all
over six inches long and four inches
wide, of a tough, fibrous paper, as thick
as blotting paper, and as flabby as so
much dirty calico, which they chiefly
resemble. Those diploma-sized notes
of the Bank of England ar small and
compact by comparison, and every
cominou-senso traveler cnes for Mit
kiewicz and his syndicate to come with
the great bank and do away with the
ugly Mexican and tho clumsy English
no'jes. A great proportion of Chinese
talent must be employed in counter
feiting Chinese dollars, to judge from
the numbers about and the wariness
with which every one accepts one of
the coins. A most clever counterfeit
passed off on me was one that was
plainly pure silver and newly minted.
An expert rapped it sharply with his
pen-knife, and the top fell off like the
lid of a box, and disclosed an interior
of pure pewter filling in the thin shell
of silver. At the American schedule of
wages, two dollars of a silversmith's
time had been used to plane off in a
thin shaving the top of tho dollar, dig
out the solid part and fill up the cavity
with lead, and bring the deceptive
seventy-cent dollar down to a silver
value at ten cents or less. Cor. St.
Question From the Jury.
"Gentlomen of the jury," said the
Judge, as he concluded his charge, "if
the evidence shows in your minds that
pneumonia, even indirfcetly, was tho
cause of the man's death, the prisoner
can not be convicted."
An hour later a messenger cama
from the jury room.
"The gentlemen of the jury, your
Honor," he said, "desire information."
"On what point of evidence?"
"None, your Honor; they want to
know how to spell pneumonia." N. Y.
The ABILENE IMPROVEMENT CO. offers
$100,000 IN BONUSES
to reliable manrifactiiring concerns who will
locate in Abilene. Abilene is the largest as
well as the most prosperous city in Central
Kansas. It will soon have
THREE KEW TRUNK LIMS OF RAILROADS,
making FOUR lines, which will insure un
equaled shipping facilities.
THE ABILENE NATIONAL BA
CAPITAL, - $150,000.
CLARK n. BARKER, President.
IV. P. RICE, Vice-President.
E. D. HUMPHREY, Cashier.
A. K. PERRY, Assistant Cashier,
TKANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS.
Business of Merchants, Farmers and Individuals generally
solicited. Unequaled facilities for the transaction of all
business intrusted to us.
J. C. BOYER, Attorney and Notary.
FRY, BOYER CO.,
Loans on farms and city property. Real Estate hough t anil ohl.
Insurance contracts at current rates. Notary business promptly attended
to.- Special bargains in city and suburban property.
Gitizens' Bank Building,
T!TATRT.TM MTI 1870.
Done in all its branches. MORTGAGES negotiated on Farm
Property at 6, 7 and 8 per cent., with reasonable commission.
Also, money on Farms without commission.
At all times ; for sale at lowest rates.
Furnished on all the principal cities of the world.
BOJSTDS BOUGHT AJSTD SOLD.
Special attention given to business of Farmers and Stockmen.
Personal liability not limited, as is the case with
We are giving special attention to this department; carry the largest
and finest line or UNDERTAKERS' SUPPLIES in the city, and are pre
pared to attend to this business In all its branches.
Corner Fourth and Broadway.
C. H. LEBOLD, J- K- FISHE3, J. E. UZHBST,
E. A- Hkubst, Cashier.
Our Individual liability is not limited, as Is the
case with stockholders ot incorporated banks.
LEBOLD, FISHER & CO., Bankers,
C. G. BESSEY.
& CO., Proprietors.
No one should purchase real estate uattt
they know the title Is perfect.
W. T. DAVIDSON
has the mot complete set of Abstracts
In the County. H years' experience.
Office over Post-office,
ABILENE, - KANSAS.
-i (( - ,T