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BEELUCTCR P0BLISM& COMPANY,
It is now n jcrnil offense in Alabama
to participate in a raflle.
U TnE Italian Chamber of Deputies has
agreed to abolish capital punishment.
Tiieke ; were 1,243 patents of an elec
trical nature issued in this country in
Tiie British Board of Trade returns
iqr May, as compareu. wiui mute 101
Mar, fljjSJ .sbow; mports increased,
2.4j0,000; exports increased, ,2,bU,-
Ex-Govekxok William Joiinsox
rlied at his home at Bardstown, Ky.,
recently at the age of seventy-one.
Thxs cause was a complication of ail
ments of old aire.
The Mikado of -Japan has issued an
cdic&against whatr-he calls "the per
nicious game of base-ball, ivhich for
eigners are attempting to introduce
into this country."
The President has sent to the Sen
ate the nomination of Captain William
B.Itemy, United States Marine Corps,
f to fber Judge Advocate-General, with
the rank of Colonel.
folis Eaid-that if a dwelling were
built on every lot sold in and near Los
Angeles during the last two years
there would be houses enough to ac
commodate two millions of people.
The Brush-Owen electric light suit,
involving alleged infringements of the"
Jennej patents, lias been dismissed by
Judge Gresham, sitting in the United
States Circuit Court at Indianapolis.
' f Commencement day exercises were
lield at the Naval Academy at Annapo
lis, Md., on the 8th. Governor Knott,
of Kentucky, delivered the oration and
Secretary of the Navy Whitney pre
sented the diplomas.
The General Synod of the Reformed
Church of America, in session at C?.l
fikill, X. Y., recently uttered an em
phatic protest against the traffic in in
toxicating liquors as now carried on
by civilized and nominally Christian
nations with heathen lands.
Tiie Turkish Government has a sus
picion that the Russian pilgrims who
tare arriving in great numbers at the
monasteries at Galata and Mount
Athos are there" to spy out the coun-
.try, and orders have been given that
the pilgrims be closely watched.
An effort is being made to have
: those of the Southern States which
repudiated their bonds redeem them,
and letters have been sent to Governor
Scales, of North Carolina, in behalf of
Morton, Bliss & Co., who had 6,500,
000 worth of face value of unredeemed
andjunrepuflLited bonds of that State,
suggesting a plan for the redemption
of all these bonds of Southern States.
Some instructive observations on the
supposed anti-malarial influence ex
erted bv sunflowers have been made by
thc editor of the Journal of Fharniacy,
who has found that a quarter of an
acre of sunflowers will exhale in the
form of vapor "sixty-five gallons of
water a day. This was in June, at a
place where the mean midday tempera
ture was only seventy degrees Fahren
heit The chairman of the Birmingham
fEnglaiid) Gunmakcrs' Association re
ports that thero has been a decrease of
18,000 proofs as compared with last
year and there is such a depression in
the trade as has not existed in twenty
seven years. The demand for high
rclass'gnns has decreased, owing to the
iliminished incomes of those who use
them. On the other hwul 12,000 more
revolvers have been sold.
Governor Ames gave a reception at
Boston recently to the commissioned
officers of the Massachusetts militia.
The Ancient and Honorable Artillery
and their guests were invited. Among
those present were the visiting dele
gates from New York and London;
Department Commander Myron P.
Walker, of the G. A. R, with his staff;
Lieutenant- Governor tMiddleton, of
Canada; Governor Tafft and Adjutant
General Eddy, of Rhode Island.
TnE Railway Ag& says that from
January 1 Jo June 1. 1888, 2,2:
Lpf railwaytrack have been laid.
iis a very large amountUo be reported
so early in the year, and indicates that
the total for 1888 is well nigh certain
to exceed 8,000 miles, with a likeli
hood that it will reach 10,000 miles,
nnd a possibility that it may not fall
short of 12,000 miles. Almost 13,000
miles of track were laid in 1S87, the
year of greatest construction ever
The London Daily Telegraph con
tinues to print war articles. It ad
vises the Hartington commission to
appoint a minister of national defense
to decide disputed military and naval
questions &nd to appoint a defense
icoSanvttec': consisting of military,
Jliaral atidcivflian rmembers, to ex
amine the heads of naval and military
departments and to report to Parlia
ment The Telegraph gives statistics
showing the need of five more iron
clads and one hundred and twenty
JAyou Shakesteake, of New Or
leansrecently ordered fifty copies of
the license inspection books to be turned
over to the police with instructions that
the force be required to report at once
the names of all persons -who have
failed to pay or who have under-paid
their licenses. Chief Hennessy has
sent to the mayor the result of the first
day's work, showing that 853 persons
andjSrrns are Sfolng business without
iaviag paid the license required by
law.l TieMist embraces bankers brok
ers, jpawyers,Jcommissipnx merchants,
pfiyslciahs shopkeepers etc The
U VoitTihasfnt money enough- to pay the
current expenses of the government
SEWS 'OF THE WEEK
Gleaned by Telegraph and MaiL
Tnn Senate on the 4th passed a number
of bills, mostly of a local nature, many of them
being bills for public buildings and bridges,
among them a bill impropriating 1150,000 for a
public building At Scdalia, iicv The bill re
tiring General Pleasanton with the ranlt of
Major passed; also a bill retiring General Av
erill with the same rank; also a bill creating an
additional retired list of the army for eighty
officers now in nctual service. In all seventy
eight bills passed, forty of which wero pension
bills But little business was transacted in
the House, no quorum being present.
Thk day in the Sexiate on the 5th was de
voted to the consideration of the Consular and
Diplomatic Appropriation bill. No final action
was reached. After routine business the
House went into Committee of the Whole on
the Tariff bilL consideration of which occupied
most or the session. When the committee rose
the conference report on the bill relating to
postal crimes was presented and agreed to and
the House adjourned.
Tue Senate on the Cth passed the Diplo
matic and Consular Appropriation bill, and
briefly considered the House bill to prevent the
employment of alien labor. All the pension
bills on the calendar, 116 in number, were passed
and also a number of other bills chiefly local
and private... In the House, after concurring
in Senate amendments to several bills of local
importance only, the Tariff bill was taken up
and debated until adjournment.
No business aside from routine work
was transacted by the Senate on the 7th. The
report of the Foreign Relations Committee on
the Fisheries treaty brought out some discus
sion, and the Senate adjourned until Monday.
....The House spent the day in considering the
Tariff bill. The lumber schedule was com
pleted and the House adjourned.
Tirn Senate whs not in session on the 8th.
... In the House the bill passed authorizing the
construction of a bridge over the Missouri river
near Omaha. After the adoption of Mr. Ding
Icy' s resolution calling for information as to dis
crimination against American vessels passing
through the Welland canal, the House in Com
mittee of the Whole resumed consideration of
the Tariff bilL When the committee rose a b'ill
passed providing for the sale of a portion of the
Winnebago Indian reservation in Nebraska,
and at the night session thirty-three private
pension bills passed.
PERSONAL AND rOLITICAX.
The Republicans claim Oregon bv 2,000
majority oa Hermann for Congress with a
majority of ten to fourteen in the Legisla
ture on joint ballot. The election took
place June 4.
Miss Grace Elizabeth Matthews,
daughter of Justice Matthews, of the Su
preme Court of the United States, and
John Harlan Cleveland, of Kentucky,
nephew of Judge Harlan, were married at
Washington on the 5th.
Gexekal J. B. Weaver has been nomi
nated for Congress by the United Labor
party of the Sixth Iowa district.
The Arkansas Democratic State conven
tion completed its ticket on the 5th. Fol
lowing are the names: Governor, John P.
Eagle; Secretary of State, BenB. Chism;
Auditor, W. L Dunlop; Commissioner of
State Lands, Paul M. Cobbs; Superintend
ent of Public Schools, W. E. Thompson;
Electors at Large, W. E. Hemingway and
The election in Illinois for Supreme Court
Judges on the 4th went in favor of the Re
publicans. The Louisiana Legislature has adopted a
concurrent resolution praying for the pas
sage of the Blair Educational bill by Con
gress. The Sultan of Muscat is dead.
Thomas P. McElkatit, the publisher of
the first New York Tribune, died recently
of old age.
Major H. P. Whipple, the well known
evangelist, died at Cumberland, R. I., on
Mator Hewitt, of New York, refused
permission to the County Democracy j to
lire a cannon in honor of President Cleve
The Democracy of the District of Colum
bia tired 100 guns in honor of the nomina
tion of Cleveland and Thurman.
The Democratic National convention ad
journed at St. Louis on the 7th, after a
three days' session. Grover Cleveland and
Allen G. Thurman were nominated f or
President and Vice-President respectively.
The platform adopted indorsed the National
Administration and the Tariff bilL
General Sheridan suffered another re
lapse on tho night of tho 7th.
At a meeting of the Republican State
Central Committee at Indianapolis, Ind., it
was decided to hold tho convention for
nomination of a State ticket in that city,
on Wednesday, August S.
Tun Khedive .of Egypt has dismissed
Premier Nubar Pasha and summoned Riaz
Pasha to form a new Cabinet.
Rnv. James Freeman Clarke, the noted
Unitarian divine, died at Jamaica Plains,
Boston, on the Sth, aged sevent3--eight.
Rheumatism in the back continues to af
flict General Sherman. ,
The London Standard says that the Irish
Land bill has been abandoned by the Gov
ernment, and that a land commission, to
continue in session for three years, will be
substituted. The sums advanced under the
Ashbourne act will be increased.
The Boston Herald alleges that one of the
largest printing concerns of that city has
lostSJOO.OOO by embezzlements dunugthe
past twenty years.
The British bark Balaklava arrived at Sun
Francisco recently from London arter a voy
age of one year and seventy-four days. Hor
misfortunes were many. Ten sailors were
washed overboard and drownedin a storm
off Cape Horn, and while at Valparaiso for
repairs the remainder of the crew deserted.
The bark was again caught in a storm aftr
leaving prt and lost two more men.
The Italian Consul at Zanzibar has
hauled down the Italian flag and suspended
relations with the Sultan.
Tammant Hall and Tony Pastor's Thea
ter, on East Fourteenth street, New York,
were destroyed by fire on tho morning of
the Cth. Tammany delezates at the St.
Louis National convention, were the recip
ients of much sympathy on account of the
loss of their home.
Senator Quay has been authorized to
report favorably his bill granting pensions
to soldiers and sailors confined in Confed
It was thought at Helena, Mont., that a
dozen bodies were in the ruins of the Red
Light lodging house, burned a day or two
ago. One body was recovered and further
search, was proceeding.
A terrific thunder storm accompanied
by rain, hail and wind swept through Lan
ark, Ont, on the Cth, unroofing dwellings
and leveling fences, barns and almost
every thing else. Some farms were left
without fences or outbuildings. I
The other morning a southbound train
on the New York & Northern railroad ran
into a gang of seven laborers at work on
the track near Moshalu avenue, New York.
Joseph Tracy anu Frank Paujagagiindo
were instantly killed. James Roman and
Passacll Manchl each had a thigb frac
tured. It is stated that the Tost, Daily Repub
lican and Evening Critic, of Washington,
have consolidated. After July 1 there will
be a morning edition of the Tott and an
evening edition called the Critic
A semi-panic occurred in the market for
diamond mine shares at London oa the 6th
owing to the banks refusing to mako ad
vances with tho shares as security. Some
shares fell five per cent.
There Is much excitement all througt
Sussex County, N. J., over the bursting of
the pipe line of the Standard Oil Company.
The lands of Henrv Sammis, in Vernon
township, are ruined. The oil has spread
over acres qf rich farm land, and great
damage has been dons to growing crops.
A violent storm struck Montreal on the
6th. Te.egraph and telephone wires were
The town hail of Westminster, Vt, was.
destroyed by lightning on the 'Cth. The
hall was built In 1770 and was the building
in which the tirst State Legislature net.
King Leopold opened the international
exhibition at Brussels on the 7th. In his
address he congratulated the people on the
progress of their industries.
Fire swept over Laimrsburg. Mich., on
the 7th, inflicting damage amounting to
Compton J. Harris, a prominent New
Orleans cotton merchant, owner of the
Hurs: bourne stock farm near Louisvi!l,
Ky., died suddenly recently.
The President has signed the bill appro
priating S.OOO.tfJO for pension deficiencies.
Destructive forest tires are raging on the
south shore or Conception bay, Newfound
land. At Colbers, nine houses; at Harbor
Grace Junction, seven, and at Seal Cove
seven houses have been burned. At Little
Bay North twenty-six families were burned
out, and oae woman and two children were
burned to death.
Ten passengers were crossing tho river
in a row boat at Bay City, Mich., the other
day under the tow lino of a tug, when
Frank Skleske and another Pole, name -unknown,
being afraid of being caught by the
tow line, jumped overboard und wore
iHE destructi n caused by the recent
storm in Canada was widespread. Enor
mous damage was done to crops just peep
ing from the ground and young apple
orchards in nearly every locality were de
stroyed. Hundred? of barns were demol
ished and outbuildings in scores of cases
were blown away. Tho loss can not fall
short of 3300,000. Three persons were re
porteJ Inlle'd and a large number seriously
A carrying pipe of the Standard Oil
Company sprang a leak at Grccnpoint av
enue and Oakland streets, Long Island
City, the other morning and a spark from
a blacksmith shop ignited the oil; tbcipc
broke, and the burning fluid spread rapidly
over the ground, threatening destruction
of property. The flames were extinguished
after a hard light.
Silver has turned up in South Africa to
a degres to produce a new mining fever.
The law providing for quinquennial ses
sions of the Prussian Diet has been offici
The whole line of the Nicarasrua canal
will be located in a few days including
complete through surveys of the two pos
sible locations on the east end known as
the lower route, surveyed by Commander
Lull 1S72-3, and the upper route, surveyed
by Mr. Monveal in 1S65.
Tue Doncaster (England) spring handi
cap, a straight mile, was a dead heat be
tween Lord Ellesmere's Felix and Lord
Arlington's King Fisher. Tho stakes wore
Captain Anson and his Chicago Basc
Ball Club went to Danbury, Conn., the
other day, and during his absence a report
gained some prevalence thathcliad dropped
dead. There was no cause for the rumor.
Kolasixski, the deposed Polish priest,
has returned to Detroit, Mich., where his
followers threaten trouble if he is not re
instated by the new Bishop.
the other night, two young farmers, Bailey
and Wilson, quarreled over an old grudge,
when Bailey fired at Wilson, but killed his
own father. Wilson in turn shot young
Alice Woodhall, extradited for forgery
and taken to New York for trial was ac
quitted of the charge but detained in
custody on another complaint. Her coun
sel complained bitterly of her rearrest,
asserting that she was under the protection
of the British Government, the charge for
which she was extradited having fallen
The commissioners of Allegheny County
Pa., have been notified by County Comp
troller Speer that there was a deficit of
S15.G50 in tho accounts of ex-Sheriff Joseph
Business failures (Dun's report) for tho
seven days ended June 7 numbered for the
United States, '207; Canada, '23; total, 235;
compared with 1203 the previous week and
173 the corresponding week last year.
William Little, a lumber merchant of
Montreal ha failed with 51,750,000 liabili
ties and $125,000 assets.
By a cyclone and thunder storm at Mant
scll, Nicaragua, tho other night eighteen
houses were wrecked and live persons
T. Harrison Garrett, brother of Robert
G.irrett, was drowned from a yacht at
Baltimore, Md., recently. The steamer
Joppa had collided with the yacht and Gar
rett attempted to climb on to the steamer,
when the bow chains gave way and he was
Tun general freight agents of lines inter
ested in tho Iowa traffic met at Chiciigo on
the Sth to consider tho new distance tariffs.
The conference resulted in the framing of
a vigorous protest against the promulgation
of the proDOsed rates.
Miscreants attempted to rob tho express
on the Cincinnati, Indianapolis fe Chicago
at Delhi, twelve mile3 west of Cincinnati,
on the night of the Sth. Tno bacgugemas
ter was fatally shot, but the robber?, wero
beaten off by the fireman and engineer.
Ci.KAitiMt iiuiie returns for uui-K ended
June 9 showed an average decrease of 11.8
compared with the corresponding week of
last year. In New York tho decrease was
The International Typographical Union
met at Kansas City, Mo., in aunual conven
tion on the lit h.
Br the burning of a tenement house at
Lowell. Mass.. the other night, Eugenia
Vallerand, aged eighteen, Peter Vallerand,
weed eight, and Delhi Vallerand, aged live,
penshod. Another of the family i-nd an
other occupant named Boisvert were fa
tally hurt. The house was a death trap.
J. J. McBride, postmaster at Livingston,
Mont., has gone to Canada, leaving a de
ficit In his accounts besides heavy private
The winding up of the American Ex
change in Europe, which recently sus
pended, has beca ordered by tho British
JAYGocLD.ncoompanied by his physician.
Dr. J. P. Mann, and his son, Edwin Gould,
are guests of the Iron Springs Hotel at
Manitou Springs, CoL
Bu&ine3 was rather quieten the Lon
don Exchange during the weekended June
9. There was a super-abundance of money,
and a further decline in the rate of dis
count was expected. Business was fairly
active at Paris. The German bourses wens
Fjre at Chesley, OnU, recently destroyed
Thompson's furniture store and other por
tions of the town. Loss, H5J,000; insurance
Dr. CoX of Springfield, Mo., who threw
carbolic acid on the actress Effie Ellis, has
been relecsea, no prosecution being made.
The Senate was not in session on the 9th.
The Tariff bill occupied the attention of the
Bagg ag chaster Ketchcm, wounded by
train robbers "near Cincinnati recently.
died) tha following day. Several arrests
badbeqn made. .suspected parties, but
nothing. pertain was known of their guilt.
Br tne explosion of a retort in the new
fuel gas worss in Pittsburgh, Pa., tbo
other day one man was fatally, oae
seriously and several slightly injured.
G4AsiiojrPERi,bv.miilions are reported in
Ottsrtidl County, Minn.
The total production of all kinds of com
mercial coal in 1SS7 wa3M23,S5,255 short
tons an iccreaso over ISSd of "18,2S3,04G
tons, valued at the mine afrS153,52),W in
Walt Whitman, the pcet, was reported
dangerously 111 at bis home in Camden, Pa.
uount AXDRAS5Y. the Austrian Minister.
has resigned on accout of sickness.
Right Hon. Edward Robert Kino Har
mon, Under-Secretary for Ireland, died on
me loin, from diabetes. Mr. Harmon for
merly was a home ruler, but joined the Con
servatives 'on thn formation of tha Irish
Geneuix. Sheridan's . condition on the
morning of the. Uth was thought to be
more hopoiul than for some tima pre-
Meeting: of the National Demo
cratic Convention in Exposition
Hall at St. Louis.
Gay Decorations Cleveland Renom
inated by Acclamation for
Allen G. Thurman, of Ohio, lor Vica-
President Sympathy For Sheridan
St. Louis, June 5. The Democratic Na
tional convention began to gather in the
early hours of this morniug although
the gavel of Chairman Barnum, of the Na
tional Committpc, would not announce its
opening until noon. The trickling stream
of humanity ivhich began to run into the
big Exposition building as early as eight
o'clock soon grew to a torrent which
surged nnd filled the great nave of the
hall to overflowing, and long before noon
10,000 human faces were gnzing upon
the high desk reserved for tho pre
siding officer of the convention, as
yet empty, but with its gleaming white
silver gavel a gift of the Colorado delega
tion full of curious interest for the ex
pectant multitude. The noble prop3rtions
of the ball struck cue at once with admira
tion. It is oblong in shape, relieved upon
either side by balconies reackiag back tiOO
feet, above which, stretchiug entirely
around the auditorium, is a broad over
hanging. An immense stage reached from
the rear of the chairman's platform 50 feet
to the east wall of the hall and accomo
dated 440 of the gathered lealer3 and
fathers of tho National Democracy, who
thus were enabled to overlook officers,
delegates and spectators.
The decorations were simple but effect
ive. The stage was hung with red, white
and blue bunting, relieved by festoons and
borders of evergreens. Upon a pedestal
on the right of the stage entrance stood a
bust of the President und suspended upon
tho face of the callery above the stage,
heavily framed in gil, a large oil portrait
of the President.
A very striking effect was produced in
tho gallery above the stage in lull sight of
the delegates and spectators by an enor
mous shaded drawing of the Capitol at
Washington upon a background of sky blue
Tho Convention Assembles.
St. Loos, June 5. At 12:35 Chairman
Barnum called tlu National Democratic
convention to order. He introduced Bishop
J. R. Granberry, of St. Louis, who opened
the proceedings with prayer. He rendered
devout thanks for the mauy benefits which
tho couutry had received from the hands of
Providence, prayed for a continuance of
those bounties, and called down the divino
blessing upon the President and ull others
Chairman Barnum then introduced Lieut.
Governor Stephen Mallory White, of Cali
fornia, as the temporary cliairman, who
addressed the convention at some length,
returning thanks for the honor, lauding
the Amiuistration of President Cleveland;
declaring the necessity of a reduction of
the surplus and a reform in the tariff; the
more economic administration of the land
laws and tho forfeiture of unearned and
illegal land grants to corporations; de
nouncing the immigration of Chinese, and
gonerally arraigning the Republican party
In its past administration of public affairs.
Following Mr. White's address a motion
was carried to adopt the rule? governing
the last Democratic National convention.
The roll or States was then called for the
selection or a committee on credentials.
This proved rather tiresome and the audi
ence became restless. After a desultory
series of motions were made the conven
tion decided to adjourn until ten a. m. to
morrow. Second Day.
St. Loci?, June C At 10:22 this morn
ing the Democratic National convention
was-called to order by the temporary chair
man. Prayer was offered by Rev. J. R.
Greene,of Missouri, who especially invoked
the Divine blessing upon the members of
the convention who had been entrusted by
the people of the States of the Union with
tho performance of an important duty.
Mr. Walsh, of Alabama, chairman of the
committee on credentials, submitted the re
port of the committee on the Dakota con
tested delegates. The committee finds in
favor of W. F. Steele and G. C. Magulre,
of the Church faction. The committee also
finds in favor of admitting Messrs. Dula
ney and Garnctt as delegates from Alaska.
Tho report was agreed to.
The chairman then called for reports
from the committee on organization, and
Mr. Cassidy, of Pennsylvania, its chair
man, reported that it had unanimously
agreed upon General Patrick A. Collins, or
Massachusetts, for permanent chairman.
The Announcement was received with loud
applause and cheers. H. H. IngersolL of
Tennessee, was announced as secretary,
and one delegate from each State as vice
president and one as assistant secretary.
The committee further recommend that
the rules of the previous convention should
be in force during the present convention,
with the modification that no State shall
change its vote lor President and Vice
President until the call of States has been
completed. The report of the committee
was agreed to.
When the report of the committee had
been completed and adopted, Chairman
White announced that he would appoint
Chairman Barnum, of the National Com
mittee, Roswell P. Flower, of New York,
and John O'Day, of Missouri, a committee
toe3cortthe permanent chairman of the
convention to the stage. The announce
ment of each of theso names was the signal
for a burst of hearty applause. Barcum's
name was received with especial warmth
and cries of "Barnum" were mingled with
the general shouts.
Just as the committee was proceeding to
the place where Mr. Collins sat in the
Massachusetts delegation, two pages ap
peared bearing two larga floral shields,
which had been sent to the convention to
be presented at its permanent organization
with the compliments ol Hon. David R.
Francis,' mayor of the city of St. Louis.
The largest of these floral offerings, which
were placed on the conventioa stage, was
a magnificent shield of Jacqueminot roses,
upon which in white roses was inscribed
tho letter '-C."
As these testimonials were borne to the
platform, Mr. Collins, arm-in-arm with Mr.
Barnum cadllr. Flower, marcheddowa the
south aisle and his appearance was greeted
witli a storm of cheers, which grew in vol
ume as he mounted the steps of the plat
form and stool by the side of Chairman
While, wno grasped hte hand and waited
for the applause to die out. When some
thin g like quiet had been restored Chair
man White said:
'Thanking you for the favors you have
extended to me and your indulgence nc
co riled me so far in the proceedings of this
great convention, I take pleasure in intro
ducing to you your permanent presiding
officer, Hon. Patrick A. Collins, ofjlassa
chusetts." Mr. White then passed over to Mr. Col
lins me silver gavel presented by the Colo
rado delegation ana retired. There was
another burst of applause, aud when it had
subs ded Mr. Collins uddrebsed the con
'To st::n-i by your favor in this p'ace so
often filled by the foremost men m our
great parry, is a distinction of the highest
character and an honor for which I am
profoundly grateful," said Mr. Collins.
'In performing the delicate and difficult
service to which you Lave assigned me 1
can frcirccly hope to justify tho wisdom of
your choice. I shall at all times need a
continuance of your indulgence and cour
tesy, as well as your full co-operation, to
promote order, decorum and good will, un
til these proceedings are brought to a
happy close. We represent in this conven
tion mere than thirty millions of the Amer
ican people, e bear their commission to
act lor them and their injunction to act
with all the wisdom God has given us to
protect and safely guard the institutions of
the Republic as the fathers founded them.
"Our young men undgr thirty have heard
more in their time of the clash of arms and
the echoes of war than of the principles of
government. It has been a period of pas
sion, force, impulse and emotional politics.
So that we need not wonder that now and
then we bear tho question aske-1 and
scarce! v answered: 'What difference Is
there between the two parties V Every
Democrat knows the difference. The Dem
ocratic creed was not penned by Jefferson
for a section or a class of the people, but
for all; not for a day or a generation1, but
for all time. These principles conserved
and expanded the Republic in all its better
days. A strict adherence to them will
preserve it to the end.
The speaker briefly enumerated the
principles as laid down by Jefferson and
which the Democratic party, he said, to
day rev-red and cherished.
The chairman then stated that he had
been informed by the chairman of the com
mittee on resolutions that that committee
would be unable to report before eight
The chair announced that the secretary
would read a petition for the consideration
of the convention. The paper proved to be
a rcqueht from the Woman's convention re
cently held in Washington,statingthattwo
of its members had been appointed to make
a short talk to tho convention on behalf of
the women of America. This request was ac
companied by a promise that if it were
granted by the convention, the representa
tives of the woman's organization would
only occupy the attention of the convention
for ten minutes. J. J. O'Donoghue, of
New York, moved that the women be
heard, and it was agreed to.
T. J. Campbell, of New York, arose and
presented a resolution which he asked to
be read. The resolution was as follows:
Kttolted, That this convention takes occasion
to express its unfeigned sorrow at the serious
and dangerous illness of General Philip H.
Sheridan (applause) and to him whose noble
and valiant deeds will ever be enshrined in the
hearts of his countrymen, we extend our sincere
sympathy. We earnestly trust that the great
soldier and distinguished patriot will meet with
a speedy recovery and that the divine Provi
dence may spare him unto this Nation for many
years to come.
Iit$oltl, That a copy of these resolutions be
forwarded to General Sheridan as expressive
of the heartfelt sentiments of the Democracy
of the United States. vj ,'
Mr. Campbell asked for unanimous con
sent for tha adoption of the resolutions.
The resolutions were adopted by a rising
vote with three hearty cheers for the gal
lant soldier who is now engaged in his
most desperate campaign.
Mrs. Merrywcather, of the woman's con
vention, then mounted the platform and
was received with applause. She said that
she was delegated to ask that this great
convention help to make the practice of
this Nation conform to its principle of uni
Resolutions were tluen offered for recess
until eight o'clock this evening and until
ten o'clock to-morrow, when Mr. Hon sell,
of Pennsylvania, moved that the roll of
States and Territories be called and the
names of candidates for President and
Vice-President be placed in nomination but
no ballot be taken until after the commit
tee oa resolutions shall have reported.
The resolution was adopted with applause.
When Alabama was called, the chair
man said his State hsd decided to give way
to New York. The convention applauded
at this announcement, and when the. New
York delegation presented Daniel Dough
erty to make the nomination, the great hall
rang with cheers, which were prolonged
and grew in volume for nearly a minute
until Mr. Dougherty mounted the platform,
when It was redoubled as soon as he could
Mr. Dougherty concluded a characteristic
speech, lusting about ten minutes, with the
following words: 'I nomiuato Grover
Cleveland, of New York, for President of
the United States."
Unbounded enthusiasm followed. The
delegates mounted the chairs, waived their
hats, their canes and handkerchiefs. The
10,000 spectators joined in the applause,and
the band in the east gallery helped along
with their horns and drums, bat tueir
blare and noise could scarcely bo heard
above the general din.
As Mr. Doughtcry finished his impas
sioned speech some one in the west gallery
tore aside a curtain which had hidden a
portrait of Cleveland, upon tho face of the
great picture of the Capitol building, re
vealing to the full gaze of the convention
the well-known features of the Presidant.
This incident roused the enthusiasm of the
convention to a. fever heat for the first
tim3 during its proceedings.
The hall was at once filled with cheer on
cheer, and the great body of p"""ile in the
auditorium, balcony and gallerii. arose and
stood shouting at the top of its voice until
the din became almost deafening.
The climax of this great scene was
reached when the banners of all the States
were borne by the delegates to tha New
York standard and grouped about It At
this the enthusiasm was unbounded. Spec
tators and delegates .tore the rc2, white
and blue bunting from the pillars and frraP
the race or too oaiconies ana wavea ineso
Improvised banners slipover the'ball for1
This remarkable outburstdid not cease
until everybody was absolutely exhausted.
It was eractly twenty-four minutes bef oro
the chair was able to regain control bt the
After the storm hid at length beca
quelled, James A. Mackenzie, of Kentucky,
seconded the nomination of Grover Cleve
land. Mr. Mackenzie eulogized Mr. Cleveland's
Administration in a pleasant manner which
secured for him much applause and laugh
ter. "MK "H". D. D. Twiggs", of Georgia, also
seconded Mr. Cleveland's nomination.
The call of States was thca continued but
no response until Illinois was roJchcd
when Hon. W. R. Morrison arose and be
ing recognized by the convention, received
an enthusiastic greeting. He merely de
sired to formally second the nomination in
behaU of the State of Illinois.
W.-W. Lightroot, or Texas, seconded the
nomination on behalf of his State and prom
ised a Democratic majority of 2y0,0Jd at the
Mr. Mackenzie, of Kentucky, movedto
su.pend the rules and to nominate Urover
Cleveland for President by acclamation.
The chair put the question and there was
returned from the convention a thunder
ing chorus of ayes:
The chair then announced that Grover
Cleveland having received an unanimous
vote, was the candidate of the Democratic
party for the office of President of the
When the nomination of Cleveland was
announced by tlra chairman, another scene
of wild enthusiasm occurred in the conven
tion, but delegates and srectators were
too nearly exhausted to sustain -so pro
longed a scene as that which followed Mr.
Soin after a motion was put and carried
for lho convention to adjourn until ten a.
Loin?. June 7. The third day's ses
sion of the Democratic National convention
was called to order at 10:) this morning,
and prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. Erank
ficld. The chairman then stated that he
was advised that the committee on resolu
tions was ready to report and ho intro
duced Mr. Henry Wntterson, the chairman
of the committee. Tha assemblage testi
fied its appreciation of Mr. Watterson by a
round of applause. At the suggestion of
a delegta f rom the Old Dominion, three
hearty cheers were triven for tho "Star
eyed Godless of Reform."
Mr. Watterson turning to the chairman
said that he had the honor to report the
icsolutions unanimously agreed upon by
the committee on platform. The following
platform whs then read by Convention
Secretary Thomas S. Pettit:
The Democratic party of the United States
in National convention assembled renews the
pledges of its fidelity to Democratic faith and
reaffirms the platform adopted by its repre
sentatives in the convention of JSS4 and in-dor-es
the views expressed by President Cleve
land in his last earnest message to Congress as
the correct interpretation of that platform
upon the question of tariff reduction; and also
indorses the efforts of our Democratic Repre
sentatives in Congress to secure a reduction of
Chief among its principles of partv faith are
the maintenance of an indissoluble union of
free and indestructible States now about to
enter upon its second century of unexampled
progress and renown: devotion to a plan ot
government s emulated by a written constitution
strictly specifying every granted power and ex
pressly reserved to the State or people the en
tire ungranted residue of power; the encourage
ment of a jealous popular vigilance, directed to
all who have been chosen for brief terms to en
act and execute the laws, and are charged with
the duty of preserving peace, insuring equality
and establishing justice.
The Democratic party welcomes an exacting
scrutiny of the executive power which four
years ego was committed to its trust in the
election of Grover Cleveland President of the
United Stales, and it challenges the most
searching inquiry concerning its udelity and
devotion to the pledges which then invited the
suffrages of the people.
During a most critical period of our financial
affairs, resulting from overtaxation, the anom
alous condition of the curre-n'-y and public
debt unmatured, it has by the adoption of
sound tinancial principles nnd economy not only
prevented a disaster but greatly promoted the
prosperity of the people. '
It has reversed the improvident and unwise
policy of the Republican party touching the
public domain and has reclaimed from corpora
tions and syndicates, alien and domestic, and
restored to the people nearly one hundred
millions of acres of valuable land to be sacredly
held as homesteads for our citizens.
While cart-fuUy guarding the interests of
those concerned and adhering to the principles
of justice and equity it has paid out more for
pensions and bounties to the soldiers and sail
ors of the Republic than was ever paid before
during an equal period.
It has adopted and consistently pursued a
firm and prudent foreign policy, preserving
peace with all nations, while scrupulously
maintaining all the rights and interests ot our
own Government and people at home utxCL
The exclusion from our shores of Chinese
laborers has been effectually secured under
the provision of a treaty the ratification of
which has been postponed by the action of a
Republican majority in the Senate.
In every branch and department of tho Gov
ernment undpr Democratic control the rights
and the welfare of all the people have been
guarded and defended: every public Interest
has been protected, and the equality' of all our
citfzens ocforo the law without regard to race
or color has been steadfastly maintained.
Upon its record thus exhibited and cpon the
pledge of a continuance to the peop?e of the
benefits of Democracy the Democratic party
invokes a renewal of popular trust by the re
election of a chief magistrate who has been
faithfuL able and prudent.
The RcpuDllcan party, controlling the Senate
and resisting la both houses of Congress a re
formation of unjust and unequal tax laws,
which have outlasted the necessities of war and
are now undermining the abundance of a long
peace, deny to the people equaUty before the
law and tho fairness and the justice which are
their right. Then the cry of American labor for
a better share in the rewards ot .industry is
stifled with false pretenses, enterprise is fet
tered and bound down to home markets: cap
ital is discouraged with doubt and unequal, un-
just laws can neither be properly amended or
The Democratic party will continue, with all
the power confided to it, the struggle to reform
these laws, in accordance with the pledges of
its last platform, indorsed at the ballot box by
the suffrages of the people.
Of all the industrious, free men of our land,
the immense majority, including every tiller of
the soil, pain no advantage from excessive tax
laws, but the price of nearly every thins they
buy is increased by the favoritism of an unequal
system ot taxation. All unnecessary taxation
is unjust taxation. It Is repugnant to the
creed of Democracy that by such legis
lation the cost ot the necessaries of life
should be unjustifiably increased to nil
our people. Judged by Democratic principles,
the interests of the people are betrayed when,
by unnecessary taxations, trusts and combina
tions are permitted to exist which, while un
duly enriching the few that combine, rob the
body of our citizens by depriving them of the
benefits of natural competition.
Every Democratic rule of governmental ac
tion is violated when, through unnecessary taxa
tion, a vast sum of money far beyond the needs
of the economical administration is drawn from
the people cad the channels of trade,
and accumulated as a demoralizing sur
plus in the National treasury. The
money now lying idle in the Federal treasury,
resulting from superfluous taxation, amount
to more than one hundred and twenty-five
millions, and the surplus collected is reaching
the sum cf more than sixty millions annually.
Debauched by this Immense temptation, the
remedy of the Republican party is to meet and
ezhaust by extravagant appropriations and ex
penses. whether constitutional or not, the ac
cumulation of extravagant taxation The
Democratic policy is to enforce frugality In
public expense and abolish unnecessary taxa
tion. Our established domestic industries and en
terprises should not and need not be endan
gered by the reduction and correction of the
burdens of taxation. On the contrary a fair
and careful revision of our tax laws, with due
allowance: for the difference between the wages
ot American and foreign labor, must- promote
laaireacotiwEe yt tranch of stick Ifcdni tries
and enterprises, bv eivinr them ussurico
or an'' extended market and steady and con
tinuous operations. In the interests of Ameri
can labor, which should In no event be
neglected, the revision of our tax laws contem
plated by the Democratic party should promote
'.the advantages of such labor, by cheapening the
cost of. the necessaries or life in the home of
every workmgman and at the same time secur
ing to him steady and remunerative employ
ment. Upon the question or tariff reform so closely
concerning every phase of our national' Hfe and
upon every question involved in the problem of
good government the Democratic party submits
its principles and professions-to the intelliseat
suffrages of the Americrn people.
Mr.'WuitdreOa.mov.d that the, report of
th2 committer be adopted, which was
agroed to by a unanimous vote.
Mr, Scott, of Pennsylvania, under ln
siructions irom the coinmit'.ee oa rcsolu
t.on, offered 'he following resolution:
ErttUtd, That this convention hereby la
dorses and recommends the early passage of
thebiU for the , reduction of theireyenue now
pending in the House ofltepreseatatvcSf
The resolution 'was adopted amid: loud
Mr. Lehman, of Iowa, offered and the
convention adopted a resolution d?cl inng
for the admission, of Washington. Dakota,
Montana ar.d New Mexico into the Union.
On motion or Governor Abbctt, of New
Jersev, the following resolution was adopt
ed: Hvolotd, That we express our cordial sym
pathy with the struggling people or all nations
in their efforts to secure for themselves the in
estimable blessings of self-government and civil
and relipious liberty; and we especially declare
our sympathy with the efforts of those noble
patriots, who, led by Gladstone and Pa.-nell
have conducted their grand und peaceful con
test for home rule In Ireland.
Aft-'r the adoption of tho platform the
convention proceeded to the nomination of
a candidate for Vice-President. ..When
California was called m the list of States,
Mr. Tarpey was introduced and proceeded
to nominate Alien G. Thurman, ofOhio.
He spoke of the pleasant duty that had.
been assigned to him and tho pndo he took
in prcsending to the convention the name-
Allen G. Thurman.
cf Allen G. Thurman, and proceeded in an
eloquent manner to eulogize the name of
the candidate whose name had caused so
much unan-mtty and aroused so much en
thusian;. He closed by saying:
"His name may be most fittingly copied
with that of our honored President, Grover
Cleveland. Cleveland and Thurman will
be a ticket absolutely invincible. It will
sweep the country with a mighty rush, a
tidal Avavo of npprovaL Against it all op
position will be fruitless. The approval of
Cleveland's administration during the past
four years and indorsement of his
actions, the simplicity yet remarkable
ability with which he has admin
istered his great- trust under the most try
ing circumstances, coupled with the all
pervadmg affection felt for the phil isopher
of Columbus, will make Cleveland and
f Thurman a war cry to affright the political
enemy. Th3 enthusiasm which will be
aroused upon its aauouncoment will be in
fectious and gathering forco and volume
dy by day it wilt before the ides of No
vember have become epidemic.
"That the name of Allen G. Thurman
should be cheered to th echo in this hall
is not strange, for it brings the warm
blood cf gratitude surging to tho heart or
every iiresiie, ani the testimonials which
the people will surely pay to his worth at
the cominz November election will b3 con
vincing proof of his phenomenal popular
When Colorr.do was called Thomas M.
Patterson addressed the convention stat
ing that he ha I been selected to present
the name of Pension Commissioner Blacic
for the Vice-Presidency, but Mr. Black's
withdrawal left nothing to do but leave the
question of the Vice-Presidency in the
hands of the convention.
Mr. Pisgot, ot Connecticut seconded
Ttiur man's nomination on behalf of his
State, and then Indiana was called. Sena
tor Voorhces responded, and in a short
speech nominated Isaic P. Gray for tho
Albert H. Cox, ot Goorgia,.seconded.tho
nomination of Governor Gray.
E. E. Settle, or Kentucky, also seconded
the nomination or Governor Gray.
Mr. Dryden, of Mlsourl, made an elo
quent speech seconding tho nomination of
Thurman, creating a good deal of enthu
siasm. Governor Green, of New Jersey, said
that the shores of the Atlantic re-echoed
the call of the Pacific coast. New Jersey,
which broughtniac electoral votes in one
band without making any demand withtho
other New Jersey seconded the nomina
tion of Allen G. Thurman. Applause.
Mr. Dersey, of Nevada, voiced the senti
ments of the Democracy of Nevada la in
dorsing the ticket of Cleveland and Thur
man. The mountains of Nevada would
tairly rattle with joy when the news of
Thurman' nomination was. fashed acrcss
the wires. fApplause.
Mr. Raines, of Ne;v York, was greeted
with cheers when bo took the stand to
make known the position of his State dele
gation, which was for Thurman.
General T. E. Powell, of Ohio, briefly
but earnestly seconded Thurman's nomi
nation. Mr. Dorson, of South Carolina, seconded
the nomlnation.ot Thurman. ' '
Mr. Thompson, of Tennessee, also sec
onded' the nomination of Thurman.
Ex-Governor Throckmorton, of Texas,
alsoseponded the nomination of Mr. Thur
man in a brief speech in which he said .that
he represented a divided delegation 'upon
the question of a Vice-Presidential candi
date, but be was none the less enthusiastic
in bis support of Ohio's grand old man.
Virginia also spoke for Thurman.
After the States bad all been called a
ballot was taken and Allen G. Thurman, of
Ohio, was declared tho choice of the con
vention for the Vico-Yresldency, Mr.
Sbanklin, of Indiana, withdrawing Gray's
name and moving that the nomination bo
made unanimous. The motion was adopted
On motion of 3rr. P ope, of Texas, a reso
lution was adopted expressing regret at
the death of W. S. Hancock- and tendering
sympathy to his widow.
Colonel ,Fellow3,,of New York, presented
a resolution of resject for the dead states
men of the party who have passed to tha
other world since the Democratic cconven
tion of lS&t Horatio Seymour, McCiellon,
Tilden and Hancock and of regret at their
taking off. The resolution was adopted
with rising vote.
After passing various resolutions of
thanks and receiving tho names of tho
National committeamin from the various
delegations, the convention oa motion of
Governor Green, of New Jersey, at two p.
m. adjourned sjne die.
Si. Louis, June 7. A pyrotcchnical ex
hibition, remarkable for splendor and
brilliance, was given last flight in' Market
square, as a fitting celebration of Presi
dent Cleveland's nomination. In the way
of a street sight the displav was 'scarcely
surpassed by the great Illumination, and
parade of Tuesday night. Over 50,000 peo
ple were jammed into the square, chiefly
local residents and visitors who bad. been
unable to obtain a peep at tho conventioa.
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