Newspaper Page Text
'Zhz free-whisky cry.
1 RrilglotiT Paper-Tolls Why tho ITepub
"ltean Party tSlioutd Receive the Support
- of the Teoperance Klement.
. The. pry or "free whisky" has been
iaisoddn-tho Democratic camp against
,he paragraph in the Republican plat
form concerning' the internal revenue
They say tho Republican party has de
clared for free whisky, and they ap
pear to "be very much concerned about
it This show of concern i3 very
amusing. The Democratic party is
about the last party in the world to
object to free whisky. It is the party
which solidly opposes all temperance
legislation in all the Northern States,
and is committed against all "sump
tuary" laws in its National platforms.
Tf it now appears for the moment
among the sons of sobriety it is only
for the purpose of afflicting the faith
luL Its character has undergone no
change, not the least.
Tho cry is simply a campaign cry,
raised in tho interest of the party and
Ihe party's principle of free trade. Let
no temperance man be deceived one
moment by it, or he will find him
eelf tricked by the enemies of tem
perance. In the first place it is not true that
the. Republican party has declared for
free whisky. What tho Republican
party declares by its platform is this:
Tho Republican party would effect
all needed reduction of the National
revenue by repealing the taxes upon
tobacco, which are an annoyance- and
burden to agriculture, and the tax
upon spirits useS in the arts and for
mechanical purposes, and by such re
vision of the tariff law3 as will tend to
check imports of such articles as are
produced by our people, the production
of which gives employment to our
laborer, and release from import du
ties thoso articles of foreign production
(except luxuries) the like of which
can not be produced at home."
This is not a declaration for "free
whisky," but for tho release of "spirits
used in the arts and for mechanical
purposes." If such use of spirits is
legitimate (and what temperance ad
vocate would hold otherwise?) the
proposal to remove tho. tax on them is,
in no sense, a crime against temper
ance. After making tho foregoing
declaration of policy with reference to
the reduction of tho surplus, which is
to be accomplished, it will be noticed,
not alone by modification of the inter
. nal revenue laws, but by such a revis
ion of the tariff as will "release"
"articles of foreign production (ex
cept luxuries) the like of -which, can
not, ba produced at home," this sen
tence is added:
" If there shall still remain a larger
revenue than is requisite for the wants
of the Government, we favor the en
tire repeal of tho internal taxes rather
than the surrendor of any part of our
protective system, at the joint behest Of
ihe whisky trusts and the agents of
If there is any free whisky in the
platform it is in this sentence, and if
there is free whisky in this sentence it
is only there as an inference in a con
tingency. The plain open meaning of
"the words is this: If the "proposed re
moval of the tax on tobacco, and spir
its used in the arts, together with
"tho release of duties on certain
imports should not reduce sufficient
ly the surplus in the Treasury,
and the alternative should be the
"surrender ot any part of onr protect
ive system" or the entire abolition of
the internal revenue system, the latter
should be sacrificed and the .proteotive
system retained in its integrity. Upon
this point we entirely agree with the
platform, and so does every true pro
tectionist, however radical may be his
temperance principes. It is vital to
the interests which are secured by pro
tection that the protective system
should be prosorved. It is not vital to
the interests of temperance that the
internal revenue should be preserved.
As a matter of fact, the Women's
Christian Temperance Union, the third
party, and many leading temperance
Republicans (Mrs. J. Ellon Foster
asked the Platform Committee to sweep
away the internal revenue system) be
lieve this policy to be the true temper
ance polioy. Wo have disagreed with
them for the reason that we believe the
tax to be a check on the traffic. How
great a chock it is we do not know, but,
whatever its restrictive power, it is
manifestly not a permanent principle
of. temporance reform, but only a tem
porary expedient. As such we want it
to stand until it has served its purpose
and is superseded by something better,
or until it caa no longer bo retained
Without sacrificing a part of the pro
tective system. As no temperance ad
vocate claims that National taxation is
the only true and effective, or even
that it is the best, method of promot
ing tho cause, it is absurd ttt make all
this hue and cry about the Republican
party declaring for free whisky. The
platforms of the Republican party in
more than thirty States,ahd the legis
lation, restrictive and prohibitive, it
has secured, are standing proof of its
policy respecting free whisky.
The Democrats as a party care no
more for the internal revenue system
in reality than they do for temperance.
In fact, they are opposed to the system,
and hated it m03t cordially during the
war, when it was a neoessity. Now
that it is not a necessity they only en
dure it because it gives them a chance
to attack protection. The maintenance
of tho tariff is a far greater offense to
them than free whisky would be. The
Chicago Tribune, a Republican paper,
was tho .first to sound the cry of "free
whisky," and it has been widely
quoted, as though it led tho charge in
tho interests of temperance The real
explanation is that the Tribune shares
the views of President Cleveland's tar
iff message. It was so little Interested
in a temperance plank in the platform
; that-it said' not -a" single word "in sup
port of'tfie plea of the anti-saloon Re
publicans and did not, so far as we
have been able to discover, ever men
tion the fact, as a matter of news, that
such a plea was made before the plat
We are free to say that the platform
pommitteo made a very jjreat mistake
in not reporting an anti-saloon plank,
And. the convention made a mistake
whoa Untried to correct that of its com-
S&ttoeik not adopting a more definite
expression in tavor of temperance; but
' we are unwilling to see any earnest
i temperance people misled by the false
j cry that the Republican party has de-
clared for free whisky. It is a cry in
the interests of a tinkered tariff and
not of temperance- If the Republican
party really wanted free whisky, it
would reduce or abolish the duties on
I imported liquors. A". T. Independent
AIDING THE TRUSTS.
President Cleveland' Shameful Recog
nition of Capitalistic Combines.
The Democrats have been caught
helping the monopolists again. The
particular " combine" whose interests
the party is just now serving is tho Su
gar Trust. In the Mills bill, in its
first form, the sugar schedule did not
suit the refiners. True, they liked it
better than they did the proposition
of the Republicans, which was to put
refined as well as raw sugar on the
free list, and to give a bounty to the
sugar-growers. But it did not favor
the refiners as much as these gentle
men desired, and, therefore, Have
meyer, the head of the Sugar Trust,
had an interview with Mr. Mills and
his committee. The result was that his
suggestions were agreed to, and the
sugar schedule was altered to suit the
ideas of the "combine."
Tho Democracy has done valuable
service for tho trusts since Mr. Cleve
land became President He put a rep
resentative of the Standard Oil Com
pany ia one Cabinet office, and a
champion of a certain telephone pool
in another. These gentlemen, respect
ively, are Secretary Whitney and Attorney-General
Garland. Mr. Lamar s
friendship for the railroads may or may
not have been known to the President
at the time of his elevation to the head
of the Department of the Interior.
Undoubtedly, however, it was discov
ered soon afterward, and this, so far
as the public has learned, did not
change the relations between President
and Secretary, except to make them
closer and more affectionate. And,
subsequently, when the President
placed Mr. Lamar on the Supremo
lench, ho was put in a position in
which his services to the trusts could
not be interrupted by a change of ad
ministration. The President still
further recognized the trusts when he
selected Congressman Scott, the head
of the coal pool, to be his lieutenant
and spokesman in Congress and at tho
The Democratic party has always
been a champion of the "combines."
The biggest of the organizations which
the country has ever known was the
Slavery Trust. In order to; force dowji
the wages of labor, and mako the gap
between the working-man.and the capi
talist as broad and difficult to cross as
it is in Turkey or China, the Democ
racy upheld slavery, lae party, in
deed, tried to extend it to" the Territor
ries, and ultimately, no doubt, would
have attempted to carry it into the free
States. When the free people of the
country determined to resist the exten
sion of this trust the Democracy
plunged the country into civil war.
Its friendship for "combines," in fact,
is not a new development in its policy
which will be discarded when the pop
ular verdict on the party is rendered
at the ballot-box. The affection which
the Democracy holds for the Standard
Oil, Sugar, Coal and other trusts,
therefore, is simply tho manifestation
of an influence which is organic, and
which can not be changed- until the
whole character and being of the party
is altered. St. Lotiis Globe-Democrat.
DRIFT OF OPINION.
4S?-If Democratic organs keep on
proving that Republicans favor free
whisky, Cleveland won't have a voter
left by the last week in August San
Diego (Cal.) Union.
JBgyThe colored annex to the Demo
cratic party ought to be placed in a
glass jar and preserved. It is worth
saying as one of the smallest results
ever realized from a mountain's labor.
tSf" Tramp, tramp, tramp, the
boys are marching" out of the free
trade camp, and the long line of pro
tection voters is forming across New
York, Naw Jersey, Connecticut and
West Virginia. Philadelphia Press.
jTGeneral Harrison struck the
keynote of Americanism in his speech
to the visiting delegation from Kos
ciusko County when he voiced the de
mand for home rule for Dakota and
Washington Territories. Ni Y. Press.
J8S7In stating tho present aspect of
the political campaign we find it a duty
to say that the Republicans have thus
far entered upon it with more earnest
ness and activity than the Democrats,
and that there is nothing in the aspect
of the doubtful States to lead one to be
lieve that the Democrats are yet sure
enough of them to make the election
of their President certain. Boston
-No intelligent and candid Pro
hibitionist can deny that the immodi-1
ate tendency of his Prohibition ticket 1
this year is to promote the election of
President Cleveland, and. of a Demo
cratic free-trade majority hr Congress.
General Fisk knows thai this' must be
the present effect, however ardently ho
may hope that a different result may
afterward follow. The question of
conscience for him, and for every Pro
hibitionist, is whether he'has.a right
to do evil in the hope that good may
come. N. 11 Tribune.
The Negro's Only Hope.
The negro vote of the South will
not be fully cast and fully counted
until the Republican party resumes the
control of the Federal Government
All this is known to the men who as
sembled in Indianapolis. Tho trouble
with them is that they are professional
negroes and propose to trade with the
side that is for the moment in the as
cendancy. Just now that is the Dem
ocratic, and we must expect such as
semblages as long as that party is in
power. Most of the race, however, are
too honest and sincere to jour such a
movement They are willing to forego
temporary advantages in order to
struggle for their rights, and they
know that they must depend for aid
upon the Republican party, "and the
Republican party alone. & T. Mail
A FREE-TRADE VICTORY.
What an Influential Gcrniau Journal
Thinks or the Mills Bill.
July 21, 18G1, at Bull Run, was
fought' the first battle of the four years'
civil war; it was a defeat for the North.
Twenty-seven years later, on the same
day, a bloodless battle was fought in
the House of Representatives of the re
united Nation; this also was a victory
for the South (Democratic party), a
Bull Run for the North.
For this is the real meaning of the
passage of the Mills Tariff bill.
In the closing speech which Mr.
Mills delivered he explained in great
detail that his measure was in no sense
a purely free-trade bill. And in that
he is quite right For with all the
changes and additions which were
made while it was being discussed in
the House, the "Mills bill" means
nothing more than strong taiiff pro
tection for the South and destruction
of the tariff for the North.
Even the last moments of the discus
sion were used to provide that no South
ern industry should remain unprotect
ed. Every raw article that is raised,
or can be raised in the South, was re
moved from the list of free wares. But
on all tho articles and wares that are
raised in the North, though they paid
one dollar for every mark, every franc
or every shilling of labor that it would
cost to produce it in Europe, South
America or Australia, tho tariff
was removed. There are, among
our readers, without a doubt, a num
ber of peculiar enthusiasts, who go
wild over so-called "free trade;" not
because they have made a study of the
meaning, purpose and working of the
same in single instances, but because
they so clearly see the four letters,
f-r-e-e. Their entire proof consists
in tho short question that they put,
and the short answer that they give
themselves: "Is not freedom some
thing beautiful." The same method of
proof would be convincing that the
free-booter and " tree fight" wore also
beautiful. But, aside from this, we
will endeavor to prove to the peculiar
enthusiasts of the Mills bill that it is
not a free-trade measure, but what he
endeavored to hide namely, a protect
ive tariff for the South.
The apparent endeavor to decrease
the National revenues prove to be a
gross swindle. According to the fig
ures of the author of the bill, tho re
duction of the revenue receipts under
the Mills tariff would not amount to
more than $20,000,000. On the other
hand the simple removal of the pro
tective tariff in the interest of a few
planters in Louisiana, would increase
this reduction from $56,000,000 to $60,
000,000, thereby securing what was said
to be the real advantage of the bill.
The bill will now go to the Senate.
It is said this body will prepare a sub
stitute, which, while protecting the
revenue on all branches of industry
which without protection would go to
the ground or be crippled, will affect a
reduction of the tariff in a more wide
spread manner than that suggested by
the Mills bill.
A true, genuine and just tariff con
sists first, in the introduction of ab
solute free trade for all such stuffs and
articles which are not raised in the
United States at all or in a small meas
ure only (say one-tenth of the total
sale, such as sugar) ; secondly, in the
adjustment of the productive powers
of all such evidences of human labor
which our own country produces in a
raw state in such richness and largo
quantities. Every duty that is higher
than is necessary for the adjustment
or equalization of such producing
powers is an evil, and must be cut
down to tho proper standard.
This is the tariff reform that ap
peals to every sensible, liberal-minded
and unprejudiced man as the only
desirable one. It is not Democratic,
not Republican, but simple and sen
sible. But the swindle-reform, such
as tho Mills bill " Tariff for the South,"
would, if it became a law, have no
other affect than to
1. Destroy a number of the indu-ries
of the North;
2. Reduce the price of labor at least
'Jno-half in industries that were not de
stroyed; 3. Drive hundreds of thousands of
laborers and workmen o farming and
i. Thereby reduce the price of bread
stuffs or meats, which Europe will not
buy. to a very low figure, and destroy
the prices on all agricultural produc
tions, such as grain and cattle, thereby
impoverishing the farmers, who are
badly enough off with the present
prices, to the state of the peasants
of Roumania, made poor by British
free trade. Chicago Staats-Zeitung
TARIFF AND SURPLUS.
The Democratic "Tariff lierorm"
and What It Cleans.
It is self-evident tov every considerate
man that the, Administration hue and
crvj about the surplus is intended to be
ana is a cover ior some ulterior pur-
At any time during the present Con
gress the accumulations in the Treas
ury w'ould have ceased had the leaders
of the majority so desired. Aside from
taking the duties off alcohol used in
tho, mechanic arts, and from domestic
grown tobacco, giving a reduction of
twenty-fire millions, the lowering the
tariff on sugar would decrease it
thirty, and canceling it over fifty mill
ions additional. The poor man uses as
much sugar as the rich. Wealth would
not induce its owner to cram himself
with sweets. The tariff taken off sugar
alone would lessen a family's expendit
ures a dollar, where the tariff off wool
would help it only a cent
The Mills bill lowers the duty on Ax
minster carpets, and cancels it on
statuary and on pictures, purchased
by the wealthy and never by the working-man.
It gives the Standard Oil
Company and the great meat-canning
monopolies' tin goods free, puts North
ern salt on tho free list, and still pro
tects Louisiana sugar sixty and Caro
lina rice one hundred per cent
The purpose is .not to diminish the
revenue but. to lower the tariff. Less
ened duties" stimulate importation ten
fold, and will increase, as they have
done, the income from customs. The
surplus growing by this, instead of
i losscsioff, will call for still furSier and
further reduction and successive pro
gressive steps toward free trade.
The whole course of the Administra
tion has been a series of experiments
and hedgings. The cant delusions of
Civil-Service were displaced by the ac
ceptable demands of political heelers.
The protective element of the Demo
cratic party has been ordered to the
rear. Its exponents have been humil
iated, and its leaders degraded to the
ranks. Mr. Randall too honest to
apostatize for the Speakership stands
denounced and disgraced. Even a re
cruited mugwump free trader, recently
pollywogging himself with obsequious
wriggling into the Democratic mud, is
of more influence and weight
For fifty years free trade has been a
political faih and inspiration with an
active section of the Democratic party.
The cataclysm of the rebellion pro
vented its control. Now with peace
inertia, and forgetfulness, this faction
growing dominant the long hidden
dynamite of its purpose menaces by
its presence and its possfjle explosion.
Parties can not stand still. The repel
lent elements gain definiteness and
strength and urge them further and
wider apart. The protective policy
and its opposite will contend to the ex
tinguishment of one or the other. The
destructive fire will win, or tho pro
tective water put it out.
It is unfortunate that such import
ant questions of National policy should
be submitted to a jury largely unintel
ligent, and moved more largely by
party allegiance and prejudice, while
labor is standing idle, capital is wait
ing, industry is aghast and enterprise
folds its hands for tho verdict The
hazard is that specious and delusive
pleadings, intentional warpings of the
evidence by the Administration attor
neys, whoso retention depends upon
success, may win.
Yet it does not seem possible that
the people of the United States can be
forgetful that the tried Republican
policy not an experiment, but an ex
perience has given it so unequaled a
prosperity. Notwithstanding war and
debt, and personal National expendi
ture, it stands peerless in wealth and
vigor, and unparalleled among the na
tions of the world. Judge.
. m :
FACTS ABOUT THURMAN.
The Old Roman's Work In the Democratic
Convention of 1864.
It has been ascertained that Hon.
Allen G. Thurman, was the author of
that famous infamous plank in the Chi
cago Democratic platform of 1864 which
declared the war a failure. It will be
remembered that it was so offensive to
Mr. McClellan that he repudiated it in
his letter of acceptance. The resolu
tion is as follows:
"Resolved, That this convention does explic
itly declare, as the sense of the American peo
ple, that after Tour years of failure to restore
the Union by experiment of war, during which,
under pretense of a military necessity of a war
power higher than the constitution, the consti
tution has itself been disregarded in every
part, and public liberty and private right aliko
trodden down, and the material prosperity of
tho country essentially impaired, justice, hu
naaity, liberty and public welfare demand that
fcsuacdiate efforts bo made for a cessation of
lictltlities, with a view to an ultimate conven
tics of all the States, or other peooeable
means, to the end that, at the earliest possible
moment, peace may be restored on the basis
of the Federal Union of all the States."
The Cleveland Leader also repub
lishes Its interview with Thurman at
Put-in-Bay August 15, 1875, when the
"Old Roman" expressed himself as
emphatically against "thed d meddle
some priests." The Leader's corre
spondent overheard the conversation
between Judge Thurman, Hon. Theo
dore Cook and others in front of tho
hotel, since burned, and reported as
"Yes. we shall lose the State: tho d d med
dlesome priests have overdone the thing by
sticking their noses into our politics, and they
deserve to be beaten to teach them'their place.
The Democracy only have themselves to blame
in submitting to the demands of the priests in
the way they did. It was unfortunate, Indeed,
that the Catholic question was lugged Into the
campaign. The Democracy was the only party
that ever did any thing for the Catholics, and
it would seem tnat the more that Is done for
them the more they will demand. Their arro
gance is lnsuffenble, and as we shall be de
feated anyway I hope it will hereafter teach
these meddlesome pne&ts a lesson that they
will understand that is, to let politics alone.
I for one don't prorose to stand any further
nonsense from these fellows."
Mr. Cook attempted a denial, but it
was bo evasive and feeble that it fixed
the conviction in tho public mind that
the truth was told by the Leader's in
terviewer, who came back in his own
defense and made the thing so binding
that Thurman was compelled to stop
the controversy. Chicago Inter Ocean.
A Belgian Manufacturer's Comments oa
the American Tariff Queitlon.
When W. H. Perkins, who has re
cently returned from a European trip,
was asked what ho had noticed about
free trade in Europe, he said:
"While in Brussels, Belgium, last
summer I saw some skilled laborers
making spiral steel car springs, such
as we use on our freight cars. They
received 60 cents per day, while our
blacksmiths receive $2 for the same
work. I asked the Belgian proprietor
why he didn't pay more. He said:
'I am handicapped. When I get $100
worth of car springs into the New
York harbor (for I sell my car springs
in America) I have to salute your
Yankee flag and give up $50.'
" ' Where does that come from?1 I
" 'It comes off my men's wages,' he
" But supposo America had free
" 'Free trade!' he exclaimed, 'Why,
I would flood the Yankees with car
springs. I would treble my work3 to
morrow.' " 'But wouldn't that break our steel
car-spring makers up?' I asked.
" 'Yes, for awhile.'
" Why, till your men worked for 6C
cents per day, as our men do.'
'"But there are politicans in Am
erica," I said, " who advise the labor
ing men to vote for this same free
" 'And the men listen?'
" ' Some ignorant ones do.'
" 'Well,' said the Belgian manufact
urer, 'instead of listening to a dem
agogue who would decrease theii
high wages down to the wages of otu
poor people, your American, laboren
ought to drive such a demagogue ou
of the country.' R San Franciso
FACTS AND FIGURES.
Cow the Proteotive Policy Benefits the
Farmers of the West.
It used to bVthe common argument
f the free traders that whatever in- i
serost manufacturers might feel in a
tariff system it was of no benefit to the
farmer. So the free trade doctrines
were industriously disseminated
through the West especially through
the prairie States where the popula
tion has largely been engaged in agri
cultural pursuits. We call the atten
tion of the farmers to the practical
benefit which the tariff is to them.
They have the indirect benefit of in
creased markets for their produce as
the result of manufacturing industries,
but the present tariff on different
articles of farm products directly
benefits them in giving them a better
price for what they raise than they
could get without it The Sao City
Sun has compiled some statistics on
this subject in very convenient and
practical shape. It shows first that
the Mills bill proposes to take off the
tariff of twenty cents per bushel on flax
seed, reducing the price which farmers
can get for it, just twenty cents per
bushel, according to the argument of
Mr. Cleveland's message. Tho pres
ent tariff on farm products imposed
by a Republican administration is as
Com, rye, oats, barley 10c per bu.
Wheat aud flax seed 20c per bu.
Potatoes 15c per bu.
Butter and cheese 4c per S.
Hams, bacon and lard 2e per lb.
Beef, pork and tallow leper S.
Live animals (except for breeding) .33 per ct.
Hay $2 perton.
Free traders might urge that the
farmers of this country are not affected
at all by the tariff on these articles.
That the home producers are able to
furnish all of the provisions and other
products of the farm that are consumed
in this country. So we ask tho farm
ers to keep in mind that tariff which
we have just printed, and notice fur
ther the amount of farm products that
were imported during last year. Here
is the list on the more common articles
of the farm:
Provisions, meat, dairy products ti,0SS,4-l5
Live animals 3,UW,H1
Even in so simple an article as hay
there was over a million dollars worth
brought in to supply American mar
kets. Every ton of that hay had to pay
a tariff of $2, which, according to Mr.
Cleveland's message, directly increased
the price which the producer received
by that amount Every farmer there
fore who is engaged in raising hay, wool,
live animals, in producing breadstuffs,
vegetables, eggs, provisions, meat and
dairy products has a direct personal
interest in having a tariff maintained.
And yet the Mills bill proposes to take
the tariff off a number of these articles
and remove from tho farmer of the
Northwest all protection against the
competition of foreign countries. A
prominent Canadian writer in a recent
letter to a friend in this country ex
plained why Canada was for free trade,
because, as he said, labor was so much
cheaper in that country that farm prod
ucts could be brought to market so
much more cheaply than in this coun
try that they could undersell the
American producer in his own market
Farmers who think they are getting
little enough now for the result of their
hard work will hardly want to see that
little reduced any more. But the Mills
bill which was, constructed to protect
Democratic interests of tho South, and
neglect Republican interests of the
North, makes just such an attack upon
the farm industries in the interests of
cheap foreign labor. Tho farmers of
the Northwest can not afford to sup
port a party that aims such destructive
legislation at their interests. The
farmers have a right and a duty to
stand up for the tariff and defond the
system of protection because it con
cerns them as vitally as it does any
other class in the community. Des
Moines (la.) Jlegister.
The Boodle Campaign About to Be In
augurated by the Democracy.
The Democratic millionaires aro on
deck. Millionaire Barnum ("seven
mule,") is the chairman of the Demo
cratic National Committee. Million
aire Scott (coal ring) i3 chairman of
the Democratic Finance Committee.
Millionaire Brie (railroad speculator
and monopolist) is chairman of the
campaign sub-committee of the Demo
cratic National Committee. The fol
lowing aro said to be cash contributions
already made for the purposes of tho
W. L. Scott. I 100,900
Calvin S. Brice 50,010
Herman Oelrich 60,000
Edward Cooper lOO.nOO
Rich Tammanyltes tOO.OOJ
fiica County Democracy men 50CUXX)
Total to date 81.300.003
Other Democratic millionaires will
contribute with equal liberality, and it
would not bo surprising if the Demo
cratic campaign fund should reach $4,
000,000 or ?5,000.000. So vast a "roll"
of boodle was never before used in one,
and probably not in ten, American
This enormous boodle indicates
where the lines of the Democratic cam
paign will be paid. The slums of New
York City and the other cities of New
York State are to be crammed with
money. Fraudulent majorities, pro
cured by unlimited rascality, are to be
created in the criminal wards of the
cities sufficient to swamp the honest
voters of the farming country and tho
manufacturing and business centers.
By these means, characteristic of Dem
ocratic methods in the past but un
paralleled in extent the Democratic
millionaire conspirators intend to car
ry for Cleveland the 36 electoral votes
of New York. Added to the electoral
vote of the solid south (153), they will
then have 189. They will still require
13 more votes, which they will at
tempt to procure in Indiana, which has
15, or by carrying New Jersey with 9
and Connecticut with 6 votes. This is
the Democratic plan of tho campaign.
A gang of millionaire monopolists,
principally from the railroad and coal
rings, will contribute enough money to
make a gigantic boodle campaign in a
few doubtful States. It remains to be
seen if the Presidency can be retained
byt the Democratic party through
methods of such colossal villainy.
POETRY OF THE CAMPAIGN,
The Soldier' Reason Why.
"Well. Jim, what years have passed away since
last we wore the blue.
And elbows touched together In the famous
grand rev ew!
That we are growing old and gray 'tis easy to
You've got a crutch to tell the tale and I've
an empty sleeve.
I sat alono the other night beneath the spread
Our battles, camps and marches all came rush
ing back to me.
And as I thought them over, Jim, a small voice
seemed to say:
"You proved that you were loyal once; prove
it again to-day!"
Tho from the same canteen we've drunk In
shadow and in thine
Tho' we have fought together, Jim, your party
was not mine;
But sow I've left my party camp, to enter it no
And I am marching with you, Jim, as I havo
Icon not vote for Cleveland, Jim; he did net
wish us well
When side by side, day after day, amid the bat
We bared our breasts between him and the
loyal Nation's foe.
And now when he my ballot asks I firmly an
swer: "No I"
Too many pension vetoes, J'm, with Insults
He'd even cast dishonor on the empty sleeve I
Six months at hunger's gate I lay in rebel pris
No sympathy came down to me from Grover
And wheti I read the vetoes o'er and all their
I wonder how a soldier can for Grover Cleve
How can he hesitate to choose before the day is
Between this soldier-hatsr and our own Ben
Amid Reseca's battle smoke I saw, and so did
A little man who led the way clad in tho army
We followed him with shoutings. Jim, right in
among the gray.
And now that same brave little man leads us
He will not veto pension bills. Thank God. ho
loves the boys
With whom he shared the hot campaigns, their
dangers and their Joys;
HishandTis ever raised against the British froo-
And when we strew old comrades' graves he'll
not a-flshing go.
"Protection to our homes!" old boy, !s now my
And ju&tlce to the veterans who went forth to
do or die.
Our comrades. Jim. all o'er the land, from val
ley, h:ll and plain.
Are marching to the music ot the Union ones
So this Is why your comrades old, who wore as
Into the box for Cleveland, Jim, trill never put
Tve made my choice, and I am proud to tell
you that the one
Who leads me to the fight again is bravo Ben
Then, let us stand together, Jim, old soldiers
tried and true,
I feel as eager for the fray as when I wore the
Let Harrison ring out the charge In stirr.sg
And Cleveland, Jim, be burled in a million sol
A Portrait of His Corpulency.
Who was it, when a little boy.
Enjoyed his top, and ball and toy,
And childish sport without alloy!
Who was It. in the days of youth.
Drank In puro lessons full of truth,
By Christian parents taught forsooth!
Who was it sought success and fame
And then a barrister became,
To practice law and have a name?
Who was it, when the war was rife.
The sky o'ercast with bloody strife.
Seemed cold about his country's life;
Who was It (darksome days). Just when
The Nation called for men more men.
Made no response, held back, just then
Who was found mi3slng in sixty-two,
When a brave million good and true
Went forth to fight, attired in blue!
Who was it, when the draft eallod out
His Christian name, he was not about4
But sent a substitute en route?
Who was it came from lowly place.
Wearing the sheriff's dreaded face
The hangman's noose; these things to trace f
Who was It, as the people know.
Became the Mayor of Buffalo;
And by these steps essayed to grow?
Who was it a furor did areate
Enthused tho host, and spite of fate.
Was made the Governor of the State?
Who was it brought the mugwumps out
Four years ago, to bray and shout
And cry "Reform" then turn about!
Who was it raisod a furious storm
In his own party, loud and warm.
Crying "Civil-Service and Reform!"
Who was it, Janus like, could scan.
Intrigue, maneuver, sift and plan,
And then be every body's man?
Who was it grieved a Nation's heart.
Those battle flags riddled apart
His offer left a lasting smart?
Who was it with a ready pen.
Vetoed tho pension claims just when
Relief was asked for suffering men?
Who was It sought the watery way.
Delighted with the misty spray.
Went fishing on Memorial Day!
Who was it astertod o'er and o'er
That the term ol years should be just four.
But now declares for four years more?
Who was It got a pretty maid.
A wife attractive, gay or staid;
Who for the President makes a raid!
Twas Gro vet
Who Is it, still for honors bent
Has one ambition one intent,
Once more to bo the President!
But who will disappointed be.
When next November he shall see
General Harrison gain the victory!
S. Jltad Grayton, In Philadelphia Prat.
Harrison and Protection.
Hurrah for Harrison!
Marshal the garrison!
Bring out the party's whole force.
Cheer the convention!
He'll be elected, of course.
Stand firm for Harrison!
Who is comparison
Rues such good chances as he!
Triumph is evident.
He will be President:
The White House his dwelling shall b
Boom it for Harrison I
Christian or Saracen
Battle, but never say die!
Stand by tie G. O. P.,
Onward to victory!
Protection and Right! be your cry.
X. T. Tnbum.
J" Vim, vigor and victory" is t&t
Republican watchword this year, nt
only in Ohio, but throughout tho !?
tion. Toledo Made.
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
-It pays to plow the second crop of
clover under. It may seem like a loss
of hay, but the benefit to the land will
more than balance the apparent loss.
Those who keep a few pigs in
limited space will find that tho weeds
from the garden and grass from tho
lawn will prove a great part of their
keeping if properly used.
Raspberry Pudding: Bake in loaf,
one cupful of sugar, ono and one-half
cupfuls of milk, a piece of butter the
size of an egg, two eggs, one heaping
teaspoonful of baking-powder, flour for
cake batter with one pint of raspberries
stirred in lightly. Good Housekeeping.
For biliousness squeeze the juice of
a lime or small lemon into half a glass
of cold water, and stir in a little
baking soda; drink while it foams. To
be taken when rising in the morning.
This will also relieve the sick head
ache, if taken in the beginning.
Sheep, remarks tho Xew England
Farmer, should never be allowed to
pasture on land which has been top
dressed with manure, or to graze on
land which is liable to be overflowed or
which contains stagnant pools, on ac
count of tho danger of tho sheep be
coming infested with parasitical life.
Farmer's Soup: Mince three onions
and fry in butter; add a tablespoonful
of flour and a quart of water, with three
chopped carrots, two turnips, a bunch
of celery and a littlo parsley. Stir un
til it boils, and season with salt and
pepper. Cut somo crusts of bread, dry
in the oven, and throw them in the
It has been suggested that by prop
er management the seeds in the apple
might be entirely eliminated. That
is not half so important, however, as
getting rid of seeds in the strawberry,
blackcap, etc. These are not only a
source of annoyance, but especially
the strawberry seeds often cause
serious irritation of the intestines.
AT. II Examiner.
The best egg-producing food for
summer is wheat and oats with milk
and bran mash. For winter, wheat,
boiled potatoes, mixed warm milk and
bran for morning feed; at night, corn
and oats mixed. Fresh meat and table
refuse are also essential, as are pulver
ized bones, lime and oyster shells.
Vegetables and fruits are also fed with
profit, and great care must be taken
that they have plenty of pure fresh
water. Prairie Farmer.
Hot alum water is the best insect
destroyer known. Put the alum in hot
water and let it boil till it is all dis
solved; then apply the solution hot with
a brush to all cracks, closets, bedsteads
and other places, where any insects are
found. Ants, bedbugs, cockroaches
and creeping thiugs are killed by it;
while it has no danger of poisoning tho
familp or injuring the property. Farm
BALED AND LOOSE HAY.
The Advantages of the Former Kecog
nlzeil by All Authorities.
The inventor who produces a cheap,
simple and effective machine for roll
ing hay after it has been cured and is
lying on the ground will merit the
thanks of farmers and will be in tho
way to fame and fortune. Bales of
hay that are cylindrical in form will
not pack as closely together as those
that are rectilineal in shape, and are,
therefore, not quite as desirable. But
it is likely that a machine could bo
more easily constructed to make tho
former out of dried grass as it lie3 on
the ground ready to be gathered by
he rake. If such a machine could be
iroduced it would do the work now
performed by the horse or hand-rake,
the pitchfork and the hay-press. It
would put the hay in a condition where
it could be easily handled, without tho
use of the fork or the loader. If the
bales did not weigh more than a hun
dred pounds each a strong man could
pick them up and put them on a cart
or wagon. Only one man would be
required to load hay or to move it from
the cart into the barn or under the
roof that was to protect it.
Baled hay is so compact that it occu
pies but little space. If hay could be
baled in the field nearly all farmers
would have buildings to store the entire
amount they raised. Round bales could
be piled up like cord-wood and covered
with a roof of thatch. As only the ends
of the bales would be exposed they
would receive little injury. Few farm
ers in the West can afford to build
barns that will hold 'all the hay they
raise, and as lumber is constantly ad
vancing in price there is little prospect
that they will ever be able to store in
buildings all the loose hay they pro-,
duee. The waste of hay placed in
stacks or ricks is large. Much of it
is injured or ruined by the rain and
snow, and a still larger amount is blown
away. In feeding it out to stock much
is blown away. Bales of hay can be
moved to the places where animals are
to be fed without loss. They are con
venient when hay is to be sold in a vil
lage, and baled hay will always bring
a larger price in towns, as most people
who buy it have small stables. It Is
also preferred, for the reason that it
does not litter up the premises.
Hay is the best preserved in bales,
and animals of all kinds will eat it
cleaner than they will loose hay. It
keeps its color better, and preserves
most of its aroma. In these respects
it is like hops and medicinal herbs.
The free circulation, of air through hay,
hop3 and herbs used in cookery and
medicines carries off the volatile mat
ter that is of the highest value. Clover
hay can be kept in bales so as to pre
serve the color and fragrance of the
blossoms. If clover hay is kept in a
stack it becomes very dark colored,
loses its fragrance, and is very likely
to mold. When these changes take
place no kind of animals will eat it
readily, and it will be of little value to
such as do eat it. The feeding value of
baled hay as determined at various ex
perimentel stations is from ten to
twftntv ner cent creator than that of
loose hay. The longer it is kept the
greater is the difference in its ieeaing
valiiR. The 1033 in keeping hay made
from common prairie grass is smaller
than in the hav made from clover ana
timothy, chiefly for the reason that it
packs closer in the staok, rick or mow.
JS Aii rf.
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