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WAGES OF LABOR.
figure That Are of Peculiar Value to
X-'rt o-Tratlo Workins-Mcn.
When the State Department began
its -.rork of collecting- statistics as to
the rate of wage3 and cost of living in
Europe, as compared with those in the
United-States, Jlr. Secretary Bayard
end hw subordinates' had little idea of
v.hat a favor they were conferring
upon the advocates of protection gen
erally and Republican editors in par
ticular. The figures are always sug
gestive as snowing the vast difference
in favor of the protected working-men
Of tho United States, and afford about
the beat possible argument against the
Change in our system proposed by the
Tho following table of the rates of
veekly wages paid in Europe and in
the United States in 18S1 is condensed
from tho report of the Secretary of
Slato on the "state of labor in Europe,"
derived from facts reported by the
United States Consuls:
?S; eras - S
Z a o
o 3 5 - 5.
-r: - o3
: : : 3:
3.. . -
!" W - ' "" - - --
. 0 Ol rf-. CO tO 63 C t rf V t 2.
U A- T3 - C --l-C. V ZCZZ
a - O C ea - V t to -1 "X
f 4 31 rffe rf. 4. CO CO . -
A09&S' - . rf. w o - ci ce
tocitctii 4;t;c:t-czts i Chicago. C
It will .be noticed that the wages
Corned by working people in tho coun
tries enumerated above are very low
jas compared with the earnings of
extisans engaged in the same indus
tries in the United States. The highest
paid worker in Austria is the carpen
ter and joiner, $5.10; in Belgium the
printer, $5.94; in France the printer,
664; in Germany the printer, $5.09;
n Great Britain the plumber, 7.90;
In Netherlands the tailor, $5, the prin
ter, plumber, cooper, carpenter, brick
layer and blacksmith coining next at
jkS0; in Switzerland the printer,
JJ6.77, and in the United States the
jbricklaycr, 20 to 24; the plasterer,
&i8 to 27, and the printer, 18 to 18
This table is of peculiar value just
fiow to the American working-man,
inot only because it shows his standard
hi wages as compared with the foreign
ptandard, but because it points out the
pecupations that are the best paid in
the different countries of the world;
And it is worthy of observation
that, with hardly any variation,
it is the workmen in trades
ythat are independent of or pro
tected from foreign competition that
always receive the greatest compensa
tion. That is, so the printer in tho
United Suites must set up his type hero
to-night so that his paper can be issued
here to-morrow morning, no foreign
firticle can compete with it. The leaky
fcmrrol is not sent to Europe to be
newly hooped, and the cooper is thus
protected. The broken-down cart or
wagon needs the service of the black
smith on tho spot- The plasterer is
not confronted with plastered houses
from Europe, neither are tho bricks of
our houses laid in Europe to bother
and lower the wages of all these worthy
workers, and the3' are therefore pro
tected by a law that can not be
evaded the law of nature.
The free-traders of the Carlisle school
have appropriated these samples of ab
solutely protected trades to their own
base use, and call attention to the fact
that there is no duty on stone walls, no j
duty on brick houses, no duty on plas
tered houses, eta , and therefore these
traders are not protected; and, because
they p.re not protected, they flourish.
Tho argument is a very lame one, and
refutes itself. Pittsburgh Dispatch.
THE Ff8HERY MESSAGE.
Mr. Illalne Pitilessly Kxpo-tcs the Presi
dent's Latest Stump Speech.
Hon. James G. Blaine delivered his
second public addres3 on the political
issues of the day at Lewiston, Me. He
tpoko with unusual precision and,
vigor about Cleveland's fishery mes
tago, saying among other tilings:
"I did not happen to have an ouportuaity of
readingine full text of President Cleveland's
DiAisaje on the fisheries subject until this
morning, and, with all due respect to the Chief
executive of the Nation, I must say that, con
siJJer.ng all the circumstances, lts the most
oxtraord.nary document that ever was sent
from the White House to the Capitol. Here
ar tho main fact of the issue between Cana la
and the United States, or pe-havs, to -speak
more exar.tly, between Great Britain and the
United States in respect to the fisheries. It
was our belief, and still is. that after the arti
cles of the treaty of Washington relating
to the fisheries had expired the Ca
nadian Government behaved in an un
neii;hbor)y, unseemly and unjust manner
towards our fishermen In refusing them
rights which they had enloyed ny
long prescription. In order to bring the
Government of the Dominion to a just appre
ciation of the subject Congress authorized the
President, in 1887, to adopt nt his discretion a
policy of suitable retaliation, directing, among
other things, that whenever and so long as
American vessels were deprived of commer
cial privileges in the ports of Canada Canadian
vessels should be deprived of like privileges in
the ports of the United States. This, if I may
indulge in appropriate slang, wax a genuine
tlt-fcr-tat policy, in which the punishment was
admirably fitted to the crime. PreMdent
Cleveland declined to enforce the policy and
allowed outrage after outrage upon ogr fishing
vessels to go unredressed. He was bs?t upon
some form of negotiation with England,
even against the express wish and will of. the
United States Senate arjd in defiance of the
large share In the treaty-making power which
the constitution assigns to the Senate. Fine
ly, without tho consent of the Senate and pira
tically against its protest, the President a
ganized & commission to frame a treaty that
should settle all points of dispute. He tans
gave what was sever Intended by the constitu
tion a partisan side of an international dis
eussion. It was never designed by the foun
ders of our Government that Intercourse jrith
foreiga nations should be conducted by Repub
licans or by Democrats, or by Whigs or by
Federalists. It should only be by the Naion
as a whole. "
v,Why aaould the railways ot the United
States tint annually transport fifty millions of
Canadian goods in transit be deprived of their
$Mlaees aad eadure a large loss oa account ot
VsaMB wilm of the President! 4 Why should
'4M tzsasit from Detroit to Buffalo and Xew
York, over both American and Cuuad:an rails,
be SLt.pended, -when it has no relation whatev
er to tbe aasry question?
' Why should tbe larce traffic between Que
bec and Montreal on the one hand, and Port
land on the other, by which Portland becomes
the whiter port of Canada, be bnmnianly
EW "i cd at the capr ce of the President, be
cause of his chagr n over tha course of an In-cejt-ndentbur,
as he cons.ders, refractory Sen
ate? Is it tbe design cr the President 10 make
the fishery question od ous by embarrassing
commercial relations anJ commercial exchange
slung :hrec thousand m-.les of froatl-r, arid
to iullict uron American communities a need
less, a exatious and a perilous confusion of
" If Congress will give him the enactments
when he asks lie w 11 gve tbem retaliation
until they cry 'hold, enoagh.' and will allow
him to settle the fishery question in the pre
cise manner whsch the Smare now contempt
uously rejects. Or, after all, fellow-citizens,
is not the President's position a more political
device to d:vert the atlentioa of tbe American
rootle from his free-trade message and from
tbe Mills tariff bill? Is not bluster on the fish
eries to be the plan of the campaign for the
Demr crate 1 arty? Are not permits for brav
ado to be issued by the political a?ents of the
Administration, marked on tbe back, 'Good till
:.fter the firt Tuesday in November:' We
have cur partisan differences at home and set
tle them on our own so'l in ourown way; but
towards all foreign powers on the globe we
should present one united, ind visible Ameri
can KepuMic. But this was not doae. The
treaty was launched as a Democratic partisan
measure, rather than a patriotic American
measure; and the London papers have been
following their usual vocation of eulogizing tbe
Democracy and abusing tbe Republ cans with
greatly increased vituperation against the. Re
publican party ever since it was found that the
Senate was bent on maintaining tho National
THE THIRD PARTY.
Able Docnmtmt Itecentlr I.ssued by
1'ror. S. X. l'ellowi.
Prof. Fellows, the noted Iowa Tem
perance leader, summarizes his objec
tions to third partyism and his reasons
for supporting the non-partisan method
in tho following eloquent manner:
OBJECTIONS TO THE NATIONAL PIlOHIBmOX
1. Its confessed immediate a'm is "to smash
the old political parties."
2. It seeks political success rather than suc
cess of prohibition.
3. It h:is lowered its stand lor the sake of
J. It deprcc ates the work of Prohibitionists,
outside ot said party.
5. It seems to rejoice in any failure or defeat
of those not in sa d party.
C It seeks to break down prohibition in
States wheic it has been secured by noa-par-tisnn
7. Only one in forty of Proh.oitionists adhere
to sa.d party.
8. It strives more earnestly to promote Pro
hibiten party success than Prohibition senti
ment. 0. It manifests less opposition to the rum
power than to the o"d politxal parties.
10. Ics methods are such as to secure the co
operation and support of those engaged in the
11. Its members assume to be the only true
13. It aims to reform parties, rather than the
13. It divides the ranks of the Prohibition
ists. 14. It exalts the political at the expense of tho
moral phases of prohibition.
15. It therefore weakens the support of the
16. It retards the growth of prohibition senti
ment. 17. Its methods compel distrust of the sin
cerity of its loaders.
15. Its methods strengthen opposition to the
principle of prohibition.
10. It is impossible to successfully build a
National political party on a single moral
2. A vote cast for the National Prohibition
party, though not so intended, is, therefore, in
its ultimat3 influence, a vote for the liquor
KEASONS FOIt NON-PARTISAN PROHIBITION"
1. It follows the exum;.les of the great lead
ers 111 the atiti-slavory reform.
2. It seeks tho succei3 of the principle of
prohibition rather than of a political party.
3. It avoids the expense, waste and doubtful
methods of a political organization.
i. It elevates the standard of prohibition as a
5. It seeks legal enactment to protect and
strengthen such said reform.
6. It promotes no unnecessary antagonism.
7. It rejoices in the success of prohibit. on
wherever and by whomsoever secured.
8. It secures the hearty and unembarrassed
support of the Christian pulpit.
9. It seeks first to reform the people who
10. It unites the ranks of Prohibitionists.
11. If. tends to conciliate and wn the support
Of all good citizens.
li It accelerates the growth of proh:bit'on
sent'ment, without which legal prohibition can
13. When the peoplo are reformed, the par
tics w.U need no reformation.
14. When ia the State or Nation prohib'tion
sentiment becomes sufficiently strong, it may
utilize in its interests some existing xolitical
party as in Iowa and Ka-.sa?.
13. Non-partisan Pr.ihibitionsts may and
should support such political party as can and
wiil do the most for destroying the l'quor
traffic, even though such party is not ready to
fully adopt prohib t-on in it.
16. The non-partisan method is the quickest
and surest way to exterminate the liquor traf
fic, as shown in Iowa and Kansas.
S. N. Fellows.
President Iowa State Temperanco Alliance.
John K. nnorty Tells "Why I rlsh-Ain Orl
eans Can Xot Support Clcrcluuil.
Every Irish-American voter, no mat
ter what party he belongs to, knows
well that England, her press and every
intluence she has on the continent, op
posed the election of Blaine in 1884;
this fact alone should be enough to
cast a doubt on either the patriotism
o'r common sense of every Irishman
that voted for Cleveland. There is,
however, this exculpating point for
the Irishmen who voted for Cleve
land, namely, that neither from his
address to the peoplo after his nomi
nation in 1SS3, nor from the platf oFm of
the pa'ty by whom he was elected, could
it be proved that either he or his party
were fully in favor of free trade or a
reduction of the tariff. The
Irish-Americans who voted for Cleve
land in 1SS2, and who did so under the
impression that neither he nor his
party desired to intei-fere with tho
tariff or to gradually bring about free
trade, can have no excuse for voting
fop Cleveland this time, for he and his
party have come out boldly against
the tariff. Every prophecy that was
made in 1884- as to the reasons for
which Cleveland was nominated, as to
English influence having been ram
pant in the land, as to the attempt En
gland and her mugwump allies were
making to break down the tariff and
thereby benefit England, have been
fulfilled to the letter. England is
against the election of Harrison now
for the same reasons as those for
which she was against the election of
Blaine four years ago, and no Irish
American can now have any excuse
for voting for Cleveland, no matter
what excuses he might have had in.
1834- Chicago Citizen.
J&"-Tho Democrats now bay that the
price of wool is always greater when
the duty upon it is low than when it is
high, and that consequently free wool
will advance the price of that staple.
Of course, as the Republicans don't
want to have the "poor man's blanket"
made any dearer than it is jiow, they
wiU vote against free wo;L--5i. Louis
GlwM-Jter(iQcraL . ' v ,'
THE TVO CANDIDATES.
A Suggestive Extract from Governor For
akcr'u lUciiinond (Ind.) Speech. '
Let me say to all who want to know
who Harrison is: Think of the Repub
lican party. Think of its patriotism,
is heroism, it3 sacrifices; think of its
humanity, its morality and its match
less statesmanship. Think of its great
leaders of Lincoln. Seward, Chase,
Sumner, Morton, Thaddeus Stevens,
Grant, Garfield and Blaine. Recall
their exalted characters, their learn
ing, their culture and refinement, their
great powers of intellect, their love of
liberty and their zeal for human
equality. Remember what they and
their party have done to preserve Na
tional unity, maintain inviolate our
National honor, and to promote human
welfare. Fill your mind with this
splendid chapter of our history, and
then conceive of a man who has been
one of the prominent controlling
factors and chief inspirations in it all,
and you have Benjamin Harrison.
Such a man needs no other or further
eulogy; for when you say of him that
he is tj'pical of all the broad humanity,
noble generosity, devoted Christianity,
unflinching patriotism, soldierly hero
ism, and unexampled magnanimity
that the Republican party has dis
played, you have accorded him the
highest virtues he can possibly possess.
All this can be said of Benjamin Har
rison truthfully and without exaggera-
IT MAKES THEM
And now they wish they
tion. That's the kind of a "bigot"
But what kind of a bigot is Grover
Cleveland? Paint his party and you
have him too. He is a Democrat; was
born a Democrat; will die a Democrat.
He was a Democrat when Democ
racy meant human slavery. He
was a Democrat when Democ
racy meant, in the language of Judge
Taney, "that a black man had no
rights which a white man was bound to
respect" He was a Democrat when
Democracy meant the slave pen, tho
whipping post and the auction blocks.
He is a Democrat who is without any
part whatever in any of the glorious
achievements of his day and generation.
Tho Union was saved without him.
Our armies were raised without him.
Our battles were fought without him.
Slavery was abolished without him.
Secession was shot to death without
him. Suffrage was made universal
without him. The grand systems of
finances that have made our country
the wonder smd admiration of the
world were all conceived and executed
without him. Recall if you can tho
worst days and the lowest depths and
most infamous practices of Democracy,
and then paint you a man who has
lived through it all, been part of it all,
and in sympathy with it all, and you
have Grover Cleveland as he entered
upon his Administration. From then
until now he has been himself the
Democratic party. He has ruled it
with a rod of iron. He has led it
whither he would. He has not al
lowed it to have any will inconsistent
with his own.
Cleveland has done more to stir up
a spirit of sectionalism than any other
man who has figured in the politics of
this country since Appomattox. Every
body had settled down to tho con
clusion that the Union side had
triumphed and. that the war was settled
according to the terms prescribed in
.the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fif
teenth amendments, and that these
provisions must be in good faith, ac
cepted and upheld. But how stands
the case to-day. Let me answer by
reading you a few extracts from re
cent utterances of representative
Southern men. They show clearly
that the mind of that people has been
turned back to where it was during
the war with respect to tho right of
the doctrine of secession, and that we
are to have another spell of the
flaunting of that heresy in our
faces. But consider further how
there is no longer denial or
apology for nullifying and trampling
under foot the constitutional amend
ments conferring suffrage on black
men. For years, ever since 1875, this
workhas been going on, but not until
Cleveland's Administration Las there
been an open avowal and attempted
justification of it
In the language of Senator Voorhees,
let us hope and pray that God Almighty
may avert such a calmity to this land
as the re-election of Grover Cleveland.
BENEFITS OF PROTECTION.
Official Figures "Which Ought to Open
the Kyos or Doubting Farmers.
It is often asserted by "revenue re
formers" that the farmers are taxed
by a protective tariff for the sole ben
efit of the manufacturei t, while they
themselves have no prelection at all:
The assertion is falbe. Tho farmer as
well as the factory operative and the
miner is a beneficiary of the protective
system. This false statement about
the farmer has been so often made by
the protectionists that it is time to
counteract it with facts. Let us see in
what respects the farmer is protected.
His stock is protected by a duty of
twenty per cent His barley is pro
tected hy a duty of ten cents a bushel,
and his bran and mill-feed by a duty of
twenty per cent. The following table
shows what other protection he re
ceives: Buckwheat 10 per cent
Com 10 cents a Bushel.
Oat3 10 cents a bushel.
Rye 10 cents, a bushel.
Wheat . ..SO cents a bushel.
Bark for tanning 20 per cent.
Flowers 10 per cent.
Ftax, hackled W per ton.
Flax, not hackled $i) per ton..
Flax, straw SipertorJ
Flax, tow 110 per ton.
Hemp, tuw ilOperton.
Uanilla and other lisse substitutes for
hemp.... 5 per ton.
Sunn.... ..... ................. -wli ror ton.
Jute butt V per ton.
Sisal grass S15 per ton.
Other vegetable substances not spe
cially enumerated 815 perton.
Fruit (average) a per cent
Glucosa or grape sugar 2J per cent
Hair, curled (except ot hogs) 25 pr cent
XiHV . - JO
Honey SO cents pnr gallon.
Hops -:? cents per pound.
Vegrtable oils (average) 5 per cent
Prov.sions (meat uid dairy products,
average) 21.44 percent
Rice (average) 6 percent
Seeds (average) JW.36 per cent.
Sugar (-iveruge) 8i percent
Sugar cane 10 per cent
Tobacco leaf for wrappers, not
stemmed ". 75c. per lh.
Tobacco leaf, for wrappers, stemmed.il per lb.
Tobaocoleaf. all other, cot stemmed. 35c per lb.
Tobacco leaf, stemmsd ..40c per lb.
Tobacco stems 15c. per lb.
Tonacco not specially enumerated. .3 percent
Vegetables (average) 24 percent.
Wools (average) 33 per cent
This table is a complete answer to
the assertions made so frequently by
the free traders that the farmer is not
protected by the tariff. As a matter
of fact the farmer is quite as carefully
had never touched it.
considered as the manufacturers and
the working-men. The Mills bills at
tacks some of the most important ag
ricultural interests of the country, and
interests that flourish in all sections.
N. Y. Mail and Express.
A VIVID CONTRAST.
o Thurman's and Prince Bismarck's
Kemiirks on Protection.
Judge Thurman is now a very old
man, and so is Prince Bismarck. The
Inter Ocean will reproduce a passage
from a recent speech of each of these
old men. Says the Judge:
No, my friend;, of all the humbugs by which
men were attempted to be deceived, this hum
bug of the laboring mia being beneflted by a
h'gh protective tariff is tae greatest I ever
heard of. Ah, but says some one. It enables
the manufacturer In this country to pay higher
wages to his laboring men, and therefore is a
benefit to them. My fr.ends.'did you- ever
know any manufacturer that paid higher wages
to his hands because of an increase of the tar
iff? If you did you have met with something I
have never seen. There is a man named B.vr
num in this country, a great showman, a man
who has gathered together in his show more
curiosities than perhaps can be found in any
othor single place on the face of the earth, out
among ail his curiosities he has never found
such a curiosity as the manufacturer who paid
higher wages to his bands because of a raise in
It is submitted, in all courtesy, that
this passage is in a vein of senility
or buffoonery. Let us hear Prince
"The successor the United States in mate
rial development is the most illustrious of
modern time. The American Nation has not
only successfully borne and suppressed tho
most gigantic and expensivo war of all history,
but immediately after d'sbmdad its army,
found work for all its soldiers and marinas,
paid off most of its debt givon labor and homes
to all the unemployed of .Europo as fast as
they could arrive within the territory, and still
by a system of taxation so indirect as not to be
perceived, much less felt Because it U my
deliberate ju'lgmint that tho prosperity of
America is mainly dun to its system of protect
ive laws, 1 urge that Germany has now reached
that point where it is necessary to imitate tho
tariff svstem of the United States."
Mark how the German statesman
appeals to tho fact, to "history teach
ing by experience," and how the
American who lays claim to states
manship appeals, as an Anarchist
might, to tho instincts of a mob.
But Judge Thurman was not speaking
to a mob; he was speaking directly to
a gathering of thoughtful citizens of
Ohio, and indirectly to the people of
the United States. It is more charita
ble to suppose that he was ignorant of
his subject than that he indulged in
malicious or senile demagogj'. Cliica-
go Inter Ocean.
The Horse and the Ass.
It was a careworn beast of burden,
who had. a long but narrow pasture on
the highway, and he looked over the
fence and addressed a well-fed horse
in a rich meadow: " My equine friend,
open the bars and let me in, and I will
assist you in lowering the surplus."
"A surplus does not worry me as
much as a deficit would," remarked
the horse, as he stowed away some
" But look at this blessed law of com
petition, and how it would equalize
the burden of mastication," remarked
"There ia no competition about it"
remarked the horse; "I am in the
meadow and you are in the road."
"But" remarked the strangop,
" don't you think a few more feeders
would stimulate business?"
"Without doubt when the feed got
short" slyly remarked the horse.
" WelL but this fence was only
war measure, and now we are at peaca,
why not take it down," and tha
" The fence works tip top a&3 the
feed gets taller every year, so jog
along, my friend."
And the stranger picked another
thistle in the road and moved along;
He was a free-trade ass with ears like
a pair of cavnlry boot-ltgs. Albany
(& T.j Journal
FRUITS OF PROTECTION.
Marjnlo-aa Growth of the Country Under
a Protective Policy.
The mention of a few fact3 will show
the marvelous growth of the country
under the fostering care of the pro
tective policy. Last year the Western
States manufactured nearly as much as
the whole country did in 1860. The
Southern States now make ten per cent
more pig-iron than was made in the
United States the year before the war.
When Fort Sumter was fired on the
entire exports of the United States
from the formation of the Government
had been $9,000,000,000. Sinca then
they havo amounted to $14,000,000,000.
When Abraham Lincoln was inaugu
rated the firsr time, the manufactures
in the United States amounted to $1,
800,000,000. To-day they amount to
Twenty-one years ago no steel rails
were manufactured in this country.
Two years ago 1,764,000 tons were pro
duced. The result of manufacturing
our own steel rails instead of depend
ing upon England for them is
that, they are much cheaper than
they were when we had to im
port them from England. Cheap
rails have enabled us to increase our
railroads from 30,000 miles to 135,000
miles. This increase in railroads has
reduced the cost of transportation to
less than half what it was in England.
We could go on giving column after
column of statistics showing the bene
fits that have been showered on the
country by a policy for which Grover
Cleveland and his fellow free-traders
would substitute a policy that would
impede the grand march of progress
we have been making ever since the
barriers erected by protection have
warded off foreign competition.
If the low tariff of 1857 had re
mained in force during the last thirty
one years would the West to-day be
dotted with mills and factories of all
kinds? Would the South bo develop
ing her natural resources in a way
that promises to make her the richest
portion of the Union if Southern
votes, supplemented by the free-trade
votes here in the North, do not blight
tho fair prospect that opens up before
With all the fair fruits of protection
spread out before us we are asked to
accept the policy of free trade, a pol
icy which, if adopted in those closing
years of the century, will bring in its
train the suffering and misery it has
always caused whenever it has been
adopted. Irish World.
NEARLY WIPED OUT.
How Democratic Kxtravagance 11a
Settled tho Surplus Question.
Senator Thurman, in one of his
rambling and seuile speeches, said:
"You havo in tho Treasury of tho Unted
States more than a hundred million dollars,
utterly idle, for not one dollar of which has tho
Government any use, but which is uept out of
the pockets or the people, who might use it in
their business and to their great advantage
and prosperity. Now. the Democratic party
saj s that ought not to be, and 1 say so."
This is a repetition of the Hendricks
talkin 1S84. The actual surplus in the
Treasury, according to the public dobt
statement of August 1, is $106,349,535.
On the 1st of August, 1887, it was $45,
698,594. Every dollar of this might
havo been applied to the reduction of
tho public debt if tho Administration
had so desired, and in about two years
every dollar of it will havo to be so
applied, and a very large amount in
addition. It ill becomes Mr. Thurman
to arraign the Republican party on ac
count of the surplus in the Treasury.
True, tho Republican party made the
laws and provided the machinery
by which the Government obtains
its revenue, but if the Demo
cratic party had done its duty there
would be no surplus in the Treasury.
It has neglected National interests and
ignored the plain requirements of the
law in order to create a surplus to be
used as a campaign argument It
wanted to use the surplus as a breast
work from behind which to attack the
protective tariff, and therefore the
surplus has been nursed and coddled as
a Democratic necessity. But from
present appearances, Democratic nurs
ing can not greatly prolong the ex
istence of the surplus. Democratic
incompetence and extravagance are
likely to wipe it out An Associated
Press dispatch from Washington states
that the Government expenditures for
the current year will exceed those of
vast year by $64,054,730, and will come
within $17,794,000 of absorbing the en
tire revenues of the current year. In
other words, the surplus revenue of the
current year will only be $17,794,000.
Another j'ear or two of Democratic
administration would make an end of
the surplus. Indianapolis Journal.
The Bandana Fizzle.
What has becomo of the Thurman
bandana? Why has it ceased to wave?
What is in tho wind now that the ban
dana is not fluttering in the breeze?
Just before and just after the nomina
tion of Thurman that red pocket-handkerchief,
the memorial of snuffy and
sneezing days, was flouted everywhere.
Now it has disappeared from the ex
terior of political clubs, it is no longer
drawn out of thousands of Democratic
pockets and waved as the sign of vic
tory. "Why this mysterious disappear
ance? All at once thousands of Demo
cratic voices are dumb about that ban
dana. The reports come in that every
body who has made investments in
that particular article is "stuck." The
manufacturer can't work off his bales
of goods. The wholesale dealer can't
find a market The retail dealers are
counting the bandana as so much dead
stock. Even the street gamins are
wont to say: "We're awfully stuck on
them red things." Did it occur to the
manufacturer that the bloody-looking
flags he was piling up meant non-protection
to American industries. Tho
red color was ominous. It was a fetich
that did not work. Instead of tho
charm and the illusion, it was a dis
illusion. Somehow it worked as a sort
of eye-opene". When people got their
ziyes open they did not want the ban
dana. If that is not the true explana
tion there is still room for a more sat
isfactory one. San Francisco Bulletin.
J""Civil-Service reform in Chicago
seems to be principally efficient in
squeezing campaign subscriptions out
9 postal clerks and carriers. JWa
THE IRON INDUSTRY.
Jo Protected Steel Kail Increase th
.Farmer:! Freight Kates ?
It will be unnecessary to dilate upon
this argument of the free-trader fur
ther than to give some statistics.
England has reveled in free trade, so
called, for many decades. She manu
factures steel rails and sells them for
about two-thirds the price of them
here. She pays her laborers who
make them less than one-half paid to
the laborers engaged in their manu
facture here. The railroads purchas
ing their cheap English rails pay their
cheap English employes on their rail
ways about one-third the wages paid
to the same class of employes upon our
The free-trade argument would under
these conditions have the farmer reap
a rich benefit from all this cheapness;
but such is not the case. Statistics
show that railway freight charges in
England are about double what they
are in the United States.
Tables showing comparative wage3
in iron manufactories, and upon rail
ways, in the United States and En
gland, have heretofore been givon in
previous pages, and but one other will
be here added, giving tho rate of
wages in the large steel rail manu
factory on the sea coast in Cumber
land, Eng., and the one at Joliet, I1L:
Blast furnace keepers, per
day 5141 3 ?5
Helpers K 2-152 60
Topilllers V 13 2 -li
llottom fillers 113 -'30
Cinder luaJer 8" ICS
Hoist engineer 1 ul IS)
lJIat engineer 109 3 50
C nderman 1 It 1 C3
General labor .. ICS
Protection has reduced the price of
rails from $150 per ton down to $31.50
per ton during the last twenty years.
Protection htis given America tho
cheapest freights of any Nation in tho
world. In 1874 the average rate of
carrying freight over Michigan rail
ways was 1 37-100 cants per ton per
mile. In 18S7 the rate was only 8-9 of
a cent per mile.
The rato over the Michigan Central
was but 68-100 of a cent, over the Lake
Shore 63-100 of a cent, and over tho
Grand Trunk 62-100 of a cent, whilo
the average in England is about 1
Protection has built up steel manu
facturing in this country from nothing
in 1S67, till last year wo produced over
2.000,000 tons, while Great Britain put
out but 731,000 tons.
Protection ha3 given tens of thou
sands of men employment at good
wages in steel rail manufactories, ana"
last year kept $50,009,000 at homo in
the channels of trade that would havo
gone abroad had there been free trade
in steel rails.
Tho free-traders' arguments ara
boomerangs when met with facts.
3"With President Cleveland, Great
Britain knows where she ia. Ultizyoto
JSST'The name of the rebel " Brooks"
attached to tho stars and stripes is an
insult to the American flag. Aurora
JK-Mr. Cleveland has taken his
stand on free trade. And on
that broad question Mr. Cleveland's
candidature naturally and necessarily
carries English sympathy. London
S?Cresar had his Brutus, Charles
the First his Cromwell, und Grover
Cleveland his Calvin Bricc. And just
think how Csesr.r and Charles the First
would havo pitied Cleveland hud they
kno wn. Ph iladelph ia Press.
JayFreo trade means s-carcity of
work, low wages and cvei'-crowded
almshouses. Protection mottT.s the re
verse. The working people will soon
be called to choose between tha two.
g?He (Cleveland) is a terror to a
poor soldier's widow after a penriou
of $12 a month; but when it comes to
the distribution of $22,000,000 of the
public money to please the politi
cians ho i3 not on deck. Bochcster
Post-Express Ind. Bern.).
j(Jg?A Montana exchange says:
"President Cleveland will make nc
changes in his cabinet after the 4th
of March next." He won't have to.
The whirligig of a few short months
will remove all that responsibilit'
from his shoulder. St. Paul Pionzcr
J5Sf Democrats admit that Dakota is
entitled to Statehood, but it don't
vote Democratic, you know. The En
glish Parliament admits that home
j rule for Ireland is just, but under
homo rule the Irish would make their
own laws. Do you see? Minneapolis
5i5T"Referring to General Harri
son's speeches. Chairman Brice says
tho Republicans have a candidate who
knows how to help his party. The
Democratic boss does Cleveland in
justice. The latter is probably help
ing his party as much by his silenca
as General Harrison is by his speeches.
J55? George Alfred Townsend, in a
recent letter to the Democratic Cin
cinnati Enquirer, gives a long inter
view with Dunlap, the New York
hatter. Among other things, Mr.
Dunlap said: "I work seven hundred
hands. At the last election I set in for
Grover Cleveland, and used my best
influences with my men to accomplish
'his election. Now, I don't think he
will get a vote out of the establish
ment." m m m
Veto a private pension biU grant
ing a few dollars a month to a Union
veteran! Have tho war record of th
poor devil searched minutely to dis.
cover any flaws 1 Magnify the small
est objections! Never give him the
benefit of a doubt! Save a few thou
sand dollars a year to the American
people! Allow a river and harbor
bill, appropriating money for trout
streams, log runways, private creeks
and stagnant bayous, to become a lawl
Carefully avoid all reference to the ex
travagant and corrupt feature! of the
bill! Allow it to become a law with
out word or comment! Waste a lai-ge
-rcportion of $22,000,000 during the
coming year to the American people!
This contrast illustrates the recent pol
icy of our retrenchment and reform
President Albany (2C J.) Ezpr&s,
GENERAL BAHK1NG BUSINESS
Gires Especial Attention to Medion
Bay and Sells Foreign and Do
Negotiates Mortgage Loans
yAll business promptly attendod to. Lly
(MaloU & Company.)
ABILENE, - - - KANSAS.
Transacts a general banting business
No limit to our liability.
A. W. RICE, D. R. G0RDE JOBS
JOHNTZ, W. . GILES AXD
T. II. MALOTT.
T. II. MALOTT, Cashier.
JT.E.BONEBKAKr, Pres. I Tnzo. Mosher, Casl
FIRST NATIONAL BANE
oar -" r..vt. i7i
Capltal, $75,000. Surplus, 815,000
STA5IBACGH, KURD & DEWEY,
ATTORNEYS .AT LAW,
T. S. OMiTON, Prop'r,
Respectfully Invites tho citizens of Abi
lene to his Bakery, at the old Keller
itand, on Third street, where he Iia'
:onstaut!y a supply of the best
to be found in the city. Special orders
for anything in my line promptly at
tended to on short notice.
T. S. BilRTOH.
M. T. GOSi & GO.
Respectfully inform all who intend
building in Manchester and vicinity
that they are prepared to furnish
FMi :: Materi
AS LOW AS THE LOWEST.
Call and get estimates beforf
Ma T. GOSS Sc CO.,
ST. LOUIS ASD THE EAST. .
3 Daily Trains S
Kansas City and St. Louis, Xo.
Equipped -with Pullman Pnlaco Sleeper
and Buffet Cars.
FREE RECLINING CHAIR GARS
and Elegant Coaches.
THE MOST DIHECT LINK TO
TEXAS and the SOUTH.
2 Daily Trains 2
to principal point la the
LONE STAB STATE.
IKON MOUNTAIN EOUTE
Mesphlt, Mobile. Neir Orleans and principal
oitle In Tennessee, MitiiMippI. Aim-fr.r-
and Louisiana, offer
ing; tfle choice ot
TO NEW ORLEANS.
Tor Tickets, Sieeptn? Car Berths and farther
lafonastloB, applr to nearest Ticket axont or
J. H. LYON. W. P. A 638 Mala street
Kansas Cttr, Ha,
W.H.m!WMA2, Gee. Traffle Manager, -B.
C. TOWHBSSi), G. F.
I - .
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