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Abilene weekly reflector. (Abilene, Kan.) 1888-1935, October 11, 1888, Image 7

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5.
TEE GATES CLOSED.
Tha
President Signs the
Exclusion BilL
Oninose
He Keviewn the ocintlons and Hotr the
Treaty Came to be Rejected Rec
ommendation as to Return
ing Chinamen.
"WAsniNGToy, Oct. 1. The President
sent the following message to Congress to
day: I have this flay approced House bill No.
11,330, eai.p.eiejintz.Ty to an act entitled an act
to execute certain treaty stipulations relating
To the Chintse" approved May 6, 1S8.
It seems to me that some suggestions and
recommendations may properly accompany my
approval of this bill. Its object Is to more
effectually accomplish by legislation the ex
clusion from this country of Chinese laborers.
Tho experiment of blending the special
babits and mutual race idiosyncractes
fit the Cninesc laboring class with
these of the great body of the people of the
United States has been proved by the expe
rience of twenty years, and ever since the Bur
Hngame treaty of ISM, to be in every sense un
wise, impolitic and injurious to both nations.
With the lapse of time the necessity for its
abandonment has grown in force, until those
having in charge the government of the re
spective countries have resolved to modify and
sufficiently abrogate all those features of prior
conventional arrangements which permitted
th coming of Chinese laborers to the United
States.
In the modification of prior conventions the
treaty of November 17, ISsO, was concluded,
whereby, in the first article thereof. It was
agreed that the United States should at will,
regulate, limit or suspend the coming of
Cbincso laborers to the United States but not
absolutely prohibit; and under this article and
act of Congress approved May 6. 1831, (see vol.
22, p50. statutes at large) and amended July 5.
18SI, (vol. 23, p 1L statutes at large) suspended
for ten years the coming of Chinese laborers
to the United States and regulated the
going and coming of such Chinese laborers as
were at that time In the United States. It was,
however, soon made evident that the mercenary
greed of the parties who were trading in the
labor of that class of the Chinese population,
was proving too strong for the just execution of
the law, and that the virtual defeat of the ob
ject and Intent of both law and treaty was being
fraudulently accomplished by false pretense
and perjury contrary to the expressed will of
both Governments.
To such an extent has the successful violation
of the treaty and the laws enacted for Its exe
cution progressed that the courts In the Pacific
States have been for some time past over
whelmed by the examination of cases of Chinese
laborers who are charged with having entered
our ports under fraudulent certificates of re
turn or seek to establish by perjury the claim of
prior residence. Such demonstration of the in
operative and Inefficient condition of the treaty
and law has produced deep seated and increas
ing discontent among the people of the United
States and especially with those resident on the
Pacific coast. This has induced me to omit no
effort to find an effectual remedy for the evils
c- mpl-iined of and to answer the earnest pop
ular demand for the absolute exclusion of Chin
ese laborers having object and purposes unliko
our own and wholly disconnected with Amen
can citizenship.
Aided by the presence in this country of
able and intelligent diplomatic and consular
officers of the Chinese Government and the
representations made from time to time by our
Minister in China under the instructions of the
Department of State, the actual rendition of
public sentiment and the status of affairs in
he United States has been fully known to the
Jovernment of China. The necessity for
remedy has been fully appreciated by that
Government, and in August, 1SSC our Minister
at Pekln received from the Chinese Foreign
Office a communication announcing that
China, of her own accord, pro
posed to establish a system of strict and abso
lute prohibition of her laborers, under heavy
penalties from coming to the United States and
likewise to prohibit the return to the United
States of any Chinese labff.er who had at any
time gone back to China "in order" (in the words
of the communication) "that the Chinese labor
ers may gradually be reduced In number and
causes of danger averted and lives preserved "
This view of the Chinese Government, so
completely in harmony with that of tho
United States, was by my direction speedily
formulated in a treaty draft betwoea the two
Nations, embodying the propositions so pre
sented by the Chinese Foreign Office. The
deliberations, frcquect oral discussions and
correspondence on the general questions that
ensued have been fully communicated by me to
tne Senate at the present session and as con
tained in State executive document and Sen
ate executive documents may be properly re
ferred to as containing a complete history of
the transaction. It is thus easy to learn how
the joint desires and unequivocal mutual un
derstanding of the two Governments were
brought into articulation form in the treaty,
xhich, after a mutual exhibition of plenary
powers from tne respective Governments as
signed and concluded by tho plenipotentiaries
of the United States and China at this capitol
on March 13 last.
Being submitted for the advice and consent
of tho Senate, its confirmation, on the Tth day
of May last, was accompanied by two amend
ments, which that body engrafted upon it. On
the twelfth day of the same month tho Chinese
Minister, who was the plenipotentiary of his
Government in tho negotiation and conclusion
of the treaty, in a note to the Secretary of State,
gave his approval of these amendments (as they
did not alter tho terms of the treaty) and the
amendments were at once telegraphed to China,
whither the original treaty had previously
been sent immediately after Ks signature on
March Vi.
On the 13th day of last month I approved Sen
ate bill No. 3,aM, to prohibit tho coming of Chi
nese laborers to tho United States. This bill
was Intended to supplement the treaty and was
approved in the confident anticipation of an
early exchange of ratifications of the treaty and
Its amendments and tho proclamation of the
same, upon which event tho legislation so ap
proved was by its terms to take effect.
No information of any definite action upon
the treaty by the Chlneso Government was re
ceived until the i.'lst ultimo, the day the bill I
have just approved was presented to me, when
a telegram from our Minister at Pekln to tho
Secretary of State, announcing the refusal of
the Chinese Government to exchange ratifi
cations of the treaty unless further discussion
should be had with a view to tho period
stipulated in the treaty for the exclusion of
Chinese laborers and to change the condi
tions agreed on which should entitle any
Chinese laborer who might go back to
China to return again to the United States. By
a note from the charge d'affaires ad Interim of
China to tho Secretary of State received on
the evening of September 23 (a copy of which
is herewith transmitted together with tho re
ply thereto) a third amendment is proposed
whereby tbc certificate under which any de
parting Chinese laborer alleging the possession
of property in tho United States wouljl be en
abled to return to this country should bo
granted by tho Chinese Consul, instead of by
the United State collector as provided in the
treaty. The obvious and necessary effect of
this last proposition would be practically to
place the "execution or the treaty beyond the
control of the United States.
Article 1 of the treaty, proposed to be so ma
terially altered, had been so settled In acquies
cence oi ine taiincse plenipotentiary as to his
expressed satisfaction. In 1SSC, as appears In
the documents heretofore referred to, the Chin
ese Foreign Office had formally proposed to our
Minister strict exclusion of Chinese laborers
from the United States without limitation and
had otherwise and more definitely stated that
no term whetever for exclusion was necessary
for the reason that China would of itself take
steps to prevent its laborers from coming to
the United States. In the course or the nego
tiations that followed suggestions from the
same quarter led to the insertion in behalf of
the United States of a term of thiriy years"
and this term upon tho representations of the
Chinese plenlpatenfary, was reduced to twen
ty years and finally so agreed upon.
Article 2 was wholly of Chlneso origin and to
that alone owe its presence In the treaty. And
It is here pertinent to remark .that everywhere
la the United States laws for tho collection of
debts are equally available to all creditors
without respect to race, sex. nationality or
place of re&ldeace. and eqully with the citi
zens or subjects of the most favored nations
and with the citizens of the United States re
covery can be had in any court of justice ia
the United States by a subiect of China,
whether of the labo? ing or any other class.
No disability accrues from non-residence
or a plaintiff whoso claim can be en
forced in the usual way by him or his assignee
or attorney in our courts of justice. In this re
spect it cannot be alleged that there exists the
slightest discrimination against Chinese sub
jects, and it is a notable fat that ir t.
toaiaii4,BompaBieaand individual merchants I
and tfaJei -J i that natlou are profitably estab
lished at numerous points throughout the Un'on
in whose hands every claim transmitted by an
absent Chinaman of a just and lawful nature
could be completely enforced.
The admitted and paramount right and duty
of every Government to exclude from its bor
ders all elements of foreign population which
for any reason retards Its prosperity or are in
imical to the moral and physical ideas of its
people, must be recognized as a canon of inter
national law. China herself has not descended
from th s doctrine but has by the expressions
to which I have referred, led us confidently
to rely upon such action on her part in co
operation with us as would enforce tho
exclusion of Chinese laborers from our
country. This co-operation has not.
however, been accorded i.s. Thus from the un
expected and disappointing refusal of the Cht
nese Government to confirm the acts of its
authorized agents and to carry into effect an
international agreement, the main feature of
which was voluntarily presented by that Gov
ernment for our acceptance and which had
been the subject of long and careful delib
eration, an emergency has arisen in which
the Government of the United States is called
upon to act in self defense by the exercise
of its legislative power. I can not but regard
the expressed demand on the part of China
for a re-cxaminatlon and renewed dis
cussion of the topics so completely covered by
mutual treaty stipulations, as an indefinite
postponement and practical abandonment of
the objects we have lu view to which the Gov
ernment of China may justly be considered as
pledged. The fac-ts and circumstances which I
have narrated lead me in the performance of
what seems toimo to be my official duty to join
the Congress in dealing legislatively with tho
question of the exclusion of Chinese laborers,
and make no further attempts to adjust it by
international agreement.
But while thus exercising our undoubted
rights in the interests of our people and for the
general Trelfare of our country, justice and fair
ness seems to require that some provision
should be made by act or joint resolut on un
der which such Chinese laborers as shall actu
ally have embarked on their return to the
United Slues before the passage of the law
this day approved, and are now on their vay,
may be permitted to land, provided they 'iave
duly and lawfully obtained and shall present
certificates heretofore Issued permitting them
to return in accordance with tho provisions of
existing law.
Nor should our recourse to legislative meas
ures of exclusion cause us to retire from tho
offer we have made to indemnify such Chinese
subjects as have suffered damage through
violence in the remote and comparatively un
titled portions of our country. There
fore, I recommend that, without acknowl
edging legal liability therefor, because it
was stipulated in the treaty, which has failed
to take effect, and in a spirit of humanity befit
ting our Nation, there be appropriated the sum
of l-TG,910.7o. payable to the Chinese Minister
at this capitol on behalf or his Government as a
full indemnity for all losses and injuries sus
tained by Chinese subjects in tho manner and
under the circumstances mentioned.
Grover Cleveland.
Executive Mansion. October 1, 1888.
CALIFORNIA REJOICES.
The Signing of the Exclusion Bill Creates
Joy Habeas Corpus Difficulties Ahead.
Sax Francisco, Oct. 2. The news of
President Cleveland's approval of the
Chinese Exclusion bill was recei red here
yesterday with a marked dejrxoe of inter
est, large crowds congregating around the
newspaper bulletin boards and discussing
the situation. The Chinese manifested
considerable excitement. Tho principal
subject of discussion here was as to what
effect the measure would have upon the
several thousand Chinese who had
arrived here within the past year and
been released by tho Federal courts on
writs of habeas corpus and were out on
bail awaiting examination, and also on
tho thousand or more Chinese now on their
way to thi3 port. About two hundred
Chinese arrived here Saturday on the
City of New York, and the Belgic will be
duo next Thursday with eight hundred.
Three other steamers are now on tho Pa
cific with over a thousand celestials bound
for this port.
Collector of the Port Hager erprossed
himself as being doubtful of the bill's ef
fectiveness. "Tho present bill," he said,
"is intended to exclude Chinese. So was
the Restriction act. But did tho Restric
tion act exclude thorn? If the snmo prin
ciple is applied to this bill as was applied
to the other I don't see that it is going to
be any great improvement. If the courts
can continue to land Chinese on writs of
habeas corpus and allow them on our
soil, that will abrogate any kind of
restriction attempted by Congress. "When
they are allowed bail they are in the coun
try and they forfeit their bail and remain
here in spite of the law." He concluded
by stating that in all probability when of
ficially informed of the passage and ap
proval of the bill he would refuse landing
to Chinese whether bearing return certifi
cates or not unless writs of habefts corpus
were issued by the courts, in which case
the matter would be out of his hands.
United States District Attorney Carey
stated that in bis opinion the bill could
not affect tho 5,000 Chinese now out on
bail, but he believed that those now on
their way here would be refused landing.
He further stated that ho did not believe
writs of habeas corpus wouHd be issued,
except possibly in one or two cases, in or
der to make a test of the matter.
A prominent lawyer who handles Chi
nese cases almost exclusively in the Fed
eral courts stated that in his opinion writ3
of habeas corpus would still have to be is
sued to Chinese, demanding them, as it
was a constitutional right, and that bail
also would have to be issued, as heretofore.
He also expressed the belief that
all Chinese holding return certifi
cates could return to this country
in spite of the Exclusion bill, as tho United
States Supreme Court had decided on sev
eral occasions that Congress could not an
nul existing contracts, such as these cer
tificates were.
Demonstrations were held in this citv
and other places in this State last evening
to celebrate the passage and approval of
the bill.
WRECK ON THE WABASH.
About Twenty Persons Hurt By an ..l.ccl
ilent Near Mexico, JIo.
Mexico, Mo., Oct. 1. Tho Wabash pas
senger train No. 5, going west, due here at
12:S9 a. m., was wrecked one mile west of
the Union depot this morning. The train
was composed of a baggago and express
car, a smoker, second-class passen
ger coach, a chair car and three
sleeping cars. all heavily loaded.
All of them left the track except two
sleepers. The track was torn up for 100
yards and the cars are piled about in in
describable confusion. About twenty per
sons were more or less injured, but only
three seriously. Mrs. Kate McCarthy
was thrown through a window when the
car turned over. She was cut in a dozen
places about the head and face, nono
necessarily fatal. J. F. Conway, of Pitts
burgh, back wrenched, and Mrs. T. G.
Humphrey, of Jerome, Kan., shoulder dis
located and bruised about the body, were
the other two. There are many theories
as to the cause of the wreck. The train
mm claim that a rail was removed, but tho
many rotten ties thrown about gives a
better explanation of it.
Publlo Debt Statement.
Washington, Oct. 2. The public debt
statement for September has the following
items:
Total debt less available cash
,tea ?l,233.3-.a,30t
Net cash In the treasury 93,444,515
Debt less cash ia the treasury Oc
tober 1, 1SS3 1,141,873,637
Debt less cash in the treasury Sep
tember 1, 13-S 1,154.1JS!
Decrease ot debt during the month. 12,217,03
Decrease of debt since June 30,
1SS S3.700.000
Xew Trains.
Omaha, Neb., Oct L The Union Pacific
and Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul roads
propose to run one solid train each waj
ilaily between Chicago aid Denver via
Omaha. The Union Paciflc overland flyer
will be resumed on October 15, with about
its former time.
BREATH IN SINGING.
Advice That Should bo Heeded by Old and
Young Vocalists.
To properly control the escape of
breath in singing 13 an indispensable
adjunct to good tone. I say escape of
breath is the more important a3 con
trasted with the act of drawing in tha
breath, commonly called inspiration.
It is true that the method of an inspir
ation influences, to a greater or less
extent, the character of the expiration,
dependent largely, however, on the
singer's culture and ability. The ab
dominal muscles and the diaphragm
are the great expiratory muscles. That
is, they both hold back and force out
the breath, when properly used. The
ordinary expiration occupies two or
three seconds of time. The expiration
in singing consumes from ten to twenty
seconds, and even longer. In the
breathing out for purposes of life tho
sensation is of breath going from us.
In b-eathing out while singing one
should have the sensation of breath
coming toward one, "drunk in" as it
were. Tho prouor use of breathing
muscles will cure a husky tone, a gut
teral or throaty tone, a tired throat
after singing, wrong intonation, sing
ing out of tune, and is of great help in
the treatment of nasal tones.
Advice to beginners (and many ad
vanced pupils) in singing: When
breathing in a perfectly natural and
easy manner and with no restrictions
from clothing or otherwise, shoulders
relaxed and reposing, notice the slight
expansion of the walls of the abdomen
as you breathe in. This movement is
caused by the descent of the diaphragm
as it pushes out the abdominal viscera
before it. You will notice that after
taking in a moderate breath in this
manner the tendency will bo for the
abdomen to immediately recover its
position of rest and the breath to es
cape. Now instead of allowing this to
take place in two or three seconds, pro
long it by preserving the expansion of
the abdomen and holding back tho
breath so that the expiration occupies
five or six seconds of time. If you are
wholly unused to exercises of this kind
you will notice that after a fow inspira
tions and expirations the muscles will
appear slightly fatigued, and you will
feel like taking a long breath. You
have been giving them a little extra
labor to perform; this will increase tho
flow of blood to them, which means in
creased nourishment and strength.
After practicing in this manner once or
twice a day for a week, you will notice
that your fatigue diminishes as your
strength and power of control in
creases, and this is the first step in
learning to sing. I do not say that you
may not develop the control in any
other way, as for instance in exercise
coupled with tone, but in one way or
another it must be done.
Do not begin your practice with in
haling more than a moderate amount of
air, as this will be much more difficult
for you to control and will tend to re
move your efforts from the proper
muscles to interfering muscles. Avoid
raising tho shoulders as this affects
sympathetically throat muscles that
should be relaxed. After continuing
this practice for a few days and tho
muscles become in a manner used to
holding back the breath, tone may bo
employed with the syllable ah or lah,
reserving the breath in the same man
ner as in the breathing exercise, taking
care to sing with a moderate amount of
tone as being easier than one that is
too soft or too loud. H. W. Giles, in
Albany Journal.
GRITAND PLUCK.
A St. Louis Doctor Says That He
lias
Seen Them Save Many Lives.
I have had a patient who coolly said
to me, "I will not die." I was com
pelled to assure her that she would.
There was no hope for her. "Doctor,"
she answered, "you are a fool. I shall
not die." Grit it was that carried her
through. A fe.w years later she was
sick again, and. as I thought, unto
death; but there came the same all
conquering reply, "You are talking
nonsense; I shall get well." And sho
did. This was repeated a third time,
till I actually began to believe sho
would get well any way and at all times.
It never occurred to me to think of her
as liable to die. mally her mortal
sickness came, and I expected to help
her up as usual. But now she replied,
"Doctor, you can come or go as you
please; I am going to die; this is my
last illness." "O, no," I said; "wo
will have you out in a few days."
"Nonsense," she answered; "you aro
talking what you know ncthing about.
I shall never be well agaj." In two
days sho was dead. Her gr'iS gave out;
her pluck was good to the last. Sho
had pluck enough to face death; sho
had no longer grit to endure disease.
There is no question but that moral
and mental grit go with physical to
sustain vitality. A stout will wards off
the blows of disease. In this case tho
patient went straight ahead to dio
without a flinch or a whine. She had
a vast faith in the "All Right," and
allowed no one to dabble in theology at
her bedside. She marched into tho
"next life" as she often had into tho
next year, and had not a tremor. Sho
took her pluck with her. She treated
a neighbor's prayers as she treated any
medicine. "You can come if vou like."
she said, "or you can go. Your prayers
can't stop me and they can't change
me no more than the doctor's pow
ders." She was a woman of extraor
dinary intelligence and determination.
SL Louis Republic
Sultan Khalifa's Sister.
A sister of Sultan Khalifa of Zanzibar,
is the widow of a Hamburg merchant
by the name of Rute, and has been re
siding in Germany with her children.
Her elder brother, Barghash, the re
cently deceased predecessor of Khalifa,
cruelly rejected her claim to a share
in the paternal inheritance, and even
refused to permit her to reside in his
realm. She was in hopes of better
treatment from Khalifa, and of being
assigned to her proper station in her
country, but, according to the latest
'reports, she has fared but little better.
It is said to be her intention to tako
up her residence ia Zanzibar, where
she will enjoy the protection of the
German government, being herself a
German subject. & T. Post.
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
If worms attack the boxes of honey
that have been removed from the hive
they should be fumigated with sulphur
and then well aired.
When potatoes are well ripened no
advantage will be found by leaving
them in the grcund, but if left there
may be serious loss by rotting.
The intelligent farmer, by keeping
a record, or by remembering what he
has applied to each field, is able to
feed his land with much greater econ
omy than he who pays no attention to
what has been applied to the field.
Rice Meringue: One cupful of hot.
boiled rice, three cupfuls of milk, three
fourths of a cupful of sugar, one table
spoonful of corn-starch, the yelks ol
two eggs, and one teaspoonful ol
vanilla. Heat tho rest and add rice.
Bake and add meringue of whites of
two eggs.
Tomato Catsup: Take a dozen ripe
tomatoes, add to them one pint vinegar,
one cup sugar, one tablespoon each of
salt, allspice, cinnamon, cloves, and
pepper; two green peppers, ana two
onions. Chop all fine and let simmer
until thick.
If it pays for a man to have his own
food cooked that it may be the more
quickly eaten aud easily digested, why
not also cook the food for farm animals,
particularly for the hog, an animal said
to havo a stomach more nearly resem
bling that of a man than has any other
domestic animal.
In early fall a great many prema
ture and worm-affected tipples are con
stantly falling to the ground. The best
of these will pay to dry in the evapor
ator, and will not only furnish evapor
ator apples for home use, but also a
very profitable marketable product. If
the orchard is so inclosed that hogs can
be turned in and out at any time, the
inferior wormy fruit can be eaten by
them, and a great many destructive in
sects destroyed.
Chocolate Cream Pudding: Bake
in layers, cake made of one and one
half cupfuls of sugar, one-half of a
cupful of milk, two cupfuls of flour,
the whites of four eggs beaten stiff,
one and one-half teaspoonfuls of bak
ing powder. Spread with boiled icing
made with whites of two eggs. Take
out half the icing and add to it one
fourth of a cake of melted chocolate)
and spread with dark icing and with
the white over each layer.
Tho sanitary condition of a child's
sleeping-room should bo as near per
fect as it is possible to make it. It
must be so situated that the direct
rays of the sun can enter for a certain
period each day. Its internal arrange
ments should be of the simplest char
acter consistent with convenience. As
little furniture as possible should be
the rule, and comparatively bare walls
and floors aro far healthier than when
adorned with pictures and covered
with carpets. A stationary basin,
draining into the sewer is positively
forbidden.
GOOD SEED-CORN.
Sensible Directions for Selecting:, Curing:
and Sowing Seed.
When small grains, flax, clover and
grass-seed are scattered by the hand or a
machine over the surface of the ground
and covered with a harrow an allow
ance is made for grains that aro im
perfect and aro not expected to pro
duce plants. In other words, more
seeds are sown than are needed. If all
of them germinated and produced
plants they would stand too thick for
insuring a good crop. In planting corn,
however, it is expected that every
grain will germinate and produce a
stalk. It is difficult to thin out stalks
of corn if there are too many in a hill.
It is very slow and fatiguing work and
it is hard to pull up one stalk without
disturbing the others. Reseeding,
which is necessary in case there are
not sufficient stalks in the hill, does
not give good results. If the same
kind of corn is used for second as for
the first seeding all the corn will not
mature at the same time and there will
bo trouble in harvesting. If seed of a
quick maturing variety is used for re
seeding, a mixed lot of corn will be pro
duced, which will not bring tho highest
price offered in the market.
The losses resulting from planting'
unreliable seed-corn are large in some
part of the country nearly every year.
The losses resulting from planting
varioties not adapted to the locality are
also large. In numerous instances corn
orops have failed in consequence of ob
taining seed from a distance. Great
pains should accordingly be taken in
selecting the best specimens for supply
ing seed. Some careful farmers make
their selections while the stalks are
still on the hills where they grew,
while others defer it till they come to
husking, when they can see the ear as
it is deprived of its covering. Ears
should be selected that have small cobs
and which have well-formed kernels
from butt to tip. The best developed,
heaviest and most regular ears are to
be preferred to those that are abnor
mally large. In places where the sea
sons are short it is best to choose those
that matured in advance of others, so
as to insure early ripening.
Corn intended for seed should not be
exposed to frost from the time it was
picked till it is planted. All the moist
ure should be dried out of the kernels.
cob and husks. It should be placed
where it will be in no danger of absorb
ing more moisture. It should be stored
where it will be out of the way of rats
and mice. A drying house, such as
professional seedsmen use, a hot-house
or a large smoke-house is the best place
in which to cure seed corn. If a farmer
does not have one of these he can use
a garret, carriage-house, or kitchen for
drying his seed-corn. A part of the
husks should be left on the eare for two
reasons. Much moisture will be evap
orated through them, while they will
be convenient for supporting the ears
while they are drying. Tho ear3, by
means of the husks attached to them,
can bo fastened into traces that may be
hung upon pins or nails. Two ears
may be tied together and hung over a
wire or stout cord. It is better to
stretch a cord across a room and tie
the husks on oach ear over it, leaving
a sufficient space between them to pre
vent them from touching. Supported
in that way they will dry perfectly and
be secure from vermin. Chicago Times.
THOMAS KIRBY,
Banker,
ABEE5E, KASS1S.
TRANSACTS A
GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS
Giles Especial Attention to CoHectiocs
Bays and Sells Foreign and Ie
meatlc Exchange.
Negotiates Mortgage Loans
"All business promptly attended to. ly
CITIZENS' BANK
(Nlatotfc &. Company.)
ABILENE, - KMSIS.
Transacts a general banking business
No limit to our liability.
A. W. RICE, D. K. GOBDEN, J0H3
J011STZ, W. B. GILES AXD
T. H. JIALOTT.
T. H. MALOTT, Cashier.
- - ..i 1 s
J. K. Bonebrake, Pres. Theo. Mosher, Cash,
HRST NATIONAL BANK,
Capital, $75,000. Surplus, $15,006
STAMBAUGH, HDRD & DEWEY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
ABILENE, KANSAS.
CITY BAKERY,
T. S. BARTON, Prop'r,
Respectfully Invites the citizens of Abi
lene to his Bakery, at the old Keller,
rtand, on Third street, where he has
toastantly a supply of the best
FBESH BREAD,
CAKES,
COOKIES,,
CANDIES,
PIES,
OYSTERS, &c
to be found in the city. Special orders
for anything in my line promptly &U
tended to on short notice.
Respectfully,
T. S. BARTGfl.
LUMBER! LUMBER!
LUMBER!
M.T.G0SS&G0.
Respectfully inform all who intend
building in Manchester and vicinity
that they are prepared to furnish
Lumber, Lath,
Sash, Doors,
Blinds and
nnrni ::
AS LOW AS THE LOWEST.
Call and get estimates befon
purchasing.
H, T. GOSS & CO.,
Manchester, Kansas.
JEAJULTWAnr
TOB
ST. IMS AM) THE EAST.
3 Daily Trains S
BZTWXKf
Kansas City and St. Louis, Mo.
Equipped Kith Pullman Palace Sleeper
and Buffet Can.
FREE RECLINING CHAIR OARS
and Elegant Coaches.
THE MOST DrBECT LINE TO
TEXAS and the SOUTH.
2 Daily Trains 2
to principal points In the
JLONE STAR STATE,
IROff MOUNTAIN BOUTE
Memphis, Mobile, New Orleans and principal
cities in Tennessee, Mississippi, Ala
bama and Louisiana, oCer
inr the choice of
G ROUTES
TO NEW ORLEANS.
For Tickets, Sleeping Car Berths and further
Information, appur to nearest Ticket aept or
J. H. LYON, W. P. A S3 Mala street,
Kansas CJtT, Me.
W. H. NEWMAN. Gen. Traffic Manager.
S. C. TOWNSENP, Q. P. Affect,
SCLOHScXf.
Pas
Material
mm
$100,000 -IMPORTANT- $100,000
TO MANUFACTURERS.
The ABILENE IMPROVEMENT CO. offers
$100,000 IN BONUSES
to reliable manufactiiriiig concerns who4 will
locate in Abilene. Abilene is the largest as
well as the most prosperous city in Central
Kansas. It will soon have
THREE NEW TRUNK LINES OF RAILROADS,
making FOUR lines, which will insure urn
equaled shipping facilities.
ADDEESS
MM If HUNT CO
ABILENE. EANSAS.
THE ABILENE NATIONAL BANK
CAPITAL, - $150,000.
CLARK H. BARKER. President.
IV. P. RICE, Vice-President.
E. D. HUMPHREY, Cashier.
A. K. PERRY, Assistant Casliier.
TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS.
Business of Merchants, Farmers and Individuals generally
solicited. Uneqnaled facilities for the transaction of ail
business intrusted to us.
A. FRY.
J. C. BOYER, Attorney and Notary.
FRY, BOYER CO.,
Ill
ESTATE
L
i
AN
Loans on farms and citj property. Real Estate bought and sold.
Insurance contracts at enrrent rates. Notary business promptly attended
to. Special bargains in city and taburban property.
Citizens' Bank Building,
ESTAJBIjISHED 1870.
ABILENE
A.BIJLESrEa
LEBOLD, FISHER
BANKING BUSINESS
Done in all its branches. MORTGAGES negotiated on Fan;
Property at 6, 7 and 8 per cent., with reasonable commission
Also, money on Farms without commission.
STEAMSHIP TICKETS
At all times ; for sale at lowest rates.
Foreign "Flrolxetzigro
Fnrnished on all the principal cities of the world.
BO-LSTDS BOUGHT AJSTD SOLD,
Special attention given to business of Farmers and Stockmen
Personal liability not limited, as is the case with
Incorporated Ranks.
llusta Mm if Camel ft
UNDERTAKERS,
Tie are firing special atteatisH te this department; carry tae largest
aad finest line er UNDERTAKERS' SUPPLIES in tke city, and are pre
pared to attead to this business ia all Its broaches.
LOWEST PRICES
Corner Fourth and Broadway.
ABILENE BANK.
a H. LEBOLD, J. JL FISHEIt, 3. E. HEItBST,
Proprietors.
E. A. Hebbst, Cashier.
Our individual liability is not limited, as is the
case TTith stockholders of incorporated banks.
LEBOLD, FISHER & CO., Baaken,
ABILEJJEjEANSAS i ..
C. G. BESSEY.
E.
ABILENE, KANSAS.
BLAJNBA.S.
& CO., Proprietors,
AI
MIAN
BANK
ABSTRACTS.
No one should purchase real estate until
they know the title is perfect.
W. T. DAVIDSON
has the most complete set of Abstracts
in the County. 14 years experience.
Offlce over Post-offlce,
ABILENE, jl. KANSAS.
1
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