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REOTOB PUBLISHING COMPAM.
I did sot think that I was old,
Albeit in my hair
I noticed that some silver threads
"Were scattered here and there.
The age in -which -we live, they sa7,
Makes people prematurely gray.
Though dependent on my glasses,
It gave me no surprise
Sewing and reading as I do.
Would try most people's eyes:
And half our young folks now. you know,
Wear glasses everywhere they go.
Rheumatic twinges might have been
A hint of age to me:
They used to be old folks' complaints,
But doctors all agree
That changes of the weather tell
On young folks nowadays as well.
I know I'm getting "fussy ways,".
I want things plumb and true ;
I like my cup of tea at noon,
My quiet corner too.
But such things come about I've found.
Where children are no more around.
But I am old. ril tell you why:
rm grandmother to-day,
A fact I've seen and felt, and one
That holds undoubted sway.
Yes, grandmother! That used to be
A name that sounded old to me.
But with such a compensation.
How blessed to be old I
A little grandchild for my own,
To love, to kiss, to hold!
A oenedlction gift the good,
All Father gives to womanhood.
Susan Teall Perry, in. Good Jloustlgtpbig .
fitory of a Cow That First Caused
Discord and Then Concord.
"Undo Smith is gone."
"Why, Kate I John means that he is
'O-oh!" She tried to look sober, but
smiled. It was very silly.
"There, mamma I know I'm a dunce;
you needn't frown to emphasize the fact;
but in a case like this, where is the use of
"When did it occur?" asked Mrs. Emslie.
"About two weeks ago. I received word
yesterday that I was mentioned in the will."
"Sensible old gentleman. I think I could
have mournad him. if I had known him 1 I
hope your portion was large."
"As large as that of all the rest."
"Katharine! I'm disgusted with you. So
will John be."
"Not a bit, mother, dear. Leave me to
manage Jack. I shall have to soon, you
The handsome fellow beamed upon her;
he had no fear of her management.
"You needn't smile, sir. It's going to be
serious for you. See here." She held forth
avolumo with a glittering title: "How to
Manage a Husband. By One of the Mana
agers." "Where did you get that thing?"
"Letty Stone sent it. She is tho author,
and it's making her famous."
"She is an old maid."
"That doesn't matter, it sells all the same.
But tell me about your legacy; what is it!"
"A cow; neither more nor less."
"Was the man insane?"
"Not at all. He really hadn't much to
disposo of, and he portioned It out equally."
"Humph! "What did tho rost get?"
'One had the cottage; another, a few bank
shares; Henry, a few acres of ground. The
division was fair enough. I am satisfied."
"Inheriting a cow! Jt's the most ridicu
lous thing I ever heard !"
Off Kathorino went in a gale of laughter,
but presently observed that her mirth "was
unshared by tho others.
Mrs. Emslie looked perplexed; she was
practical, and any thing out of tho common
annoyed her. Jack seemed perfectly serene
"Perhaps you would liko to hear about
"And who is she, pray?"
Kate sat down beside him to listen.
"My legacy. She is a valuable Holstein."
"And why Susan Nipper' ?"
"Because she is a registered thorough
bred. No other animal can over boar her
"None in its senses would wish."
"Perhaps not. She is young; she will bo
more famous by and by. Even now she is
worth two thousand dollars."
"John Lansing a cow ! Humph !"
"Yes. I was offered that this morning by
Mr. Sampson, of Holbridge Farm."
"Well but why didn't you take it?"
"I preferred 'Susan Nipper.' "
"And what are you going to do with her!"
"As an attraction, in the store?"
"I fancy there was sufficient method' in
Uncle John's 'madness." He knew mo
when a little shaver, and how I loved a
farm; and was always an advocate of every
one following 'their bent.' Agriculture was
my desire a dry-goods store my fact. Now,
I'm going to sell out and buy some land."
Katharine was speechless with astonish
ment, and Mrs. Emslie pnldently left the
"You do not look pleased, darling."
"I am not. I assure you."
"Then I am very sorry."
He drew her close, and smoothed the pret
ty curls in his tender, awkward way.
"You can't be in earnest. Jack, dear."
"Never more so in my life. It is generally
a trifle which turns tho course of a man's
life, and uncle's legacy has turned mine.
You know I hava often talked of this."
"O, yes! "when you are old and retired
from business. I wouldn't mind that.
Cousin Walter has a farm and an elegant
Queen Anne house, and lots of servants.
That is nice enough, and the only kind of
farming which would suit me."
"You don't know, dear. Why, my
sweetest dream is to see you flitting about,
caring for our simple but comfortable home,
with plenty of room to live, without stifling
ourselves in a flat,7 our own broad fields
about us, and no restrictions on enjoying
the grass.' Then, in the winter, with a
cozy sleigh and good horse to carry us over
the glittering roads. Here a sleigh-ride is
an extravagance for us."
For a moment the pleasant picture her
lover drew woke a mild enthusiasm in the
gayety-loving heart, but it soon vanished.
"Jack. I will never marry a farmer." The
angry flush in the beautiful face emphasized
"Hush, Kate! don't say things without
"No, I will not 'hush' ! and I am thinking."
She sprang np and paced the narrow par
lor, whence in true city fashion Clod's
daylight was excluded, her dainty white
tea-gown trailing over the carpet. Finally
she paused before the long mirror.
"Hook like it, don't I! A farmer's vife
Now, Katherina Emslie was in truth a
lovely girl, not a bit more vain than was
good for her; just enough so to make her
study her own apparel to achieve the best
results, and she succeeded in being always
charming. She shrank from thing3 ugly
and coarse, and well, she had seen this
despised class of women times and times!
Last summer at Neversink, and the year
before among tho Berkshires; in those long,
delightful drives, when Jack wastaking his
vacation with mamma and her. He would
stand and gossip with the men. tin every
old "hayseed" in the community knew and
tad a kind word for him; while she woald
watch and pity the wlve3, in untidy gowns
and barren of "frizzes." She be one of
them? never! Still, there was a piece of
woric before her, if she was to banish "agri
culture" from" tiat 'obstinate Lansing head
over on the sofa-pillow. Preparing to be
gin the siesbe was disconcerted by the
"She has beautiful eyo3, lirga and mHd."
" 'Susan Nipper.' '
"Indeed ! my rival."
"Ridiculous, Kate I"
"Isn't it true?"
"Certainly It is not. I thought, at first'
that 1 would sell hur; but she looked at me
"And that settled tha matter."
"Exactly. Depend upon It, 'there a
destiny,' etc I wa a farmer born. 1 love
the soil; the very odor of It is sweet to jae;
and to own it, to work in "it, to enjoy tho
freedom of a life in the open fields On! I
wonder I have evir imprisoned myseU in
town so long."
"If you had not, you would not hav met
"True, sweetheart another proof of yes
tiny' but now that I have you, I am fre to
live out my nature."
"1 thought a wife that is to be bad an
interest in In her husband's plans.'' The
shyness and tho blushes were irresistible.
John did what any other lover would have
"Ah, yes ! a true wife like my Kate !"
"But you ha9 decided without cotaultlng
"Why, my dear girl, you shall sjsttle all
the details, even as to the locality ; although,
for your sake, I prefer Glastonbury, where
your Cousin Walter lives."
"Jack," very slowly and bewitchingly, "I
am not goiDg to marry a larmer."
"So you said. Pardon my contradicting
you." He tried to kiss her pouting lips, but
she drew back.
"No; you are in earnest so am L I will
not be like those dreadful women."
'You can never be any thing but the
sweetest In the world."
'Then you won't give up the notion?"
"I can not; it is not a 'notion.' In such a
lifo lies my success. We are made what we
are; wo can not remodel ourselves."
"Then eccentricity runs in your family, and
excuse me I am afraid of It. Though
you may have had a fancy for It, you had no
intention of farming till your uncle died and
lertyou a cow! Immediately you give up
a good business "
"Which I detest!"
"And put your fortune into a pasture for
your cow! I object to have my life ruined,
and you forthwith trample my prejudices
under foot to indulge the desires of 'a beau
tiful, mild-eyed' cow! If I rightly under
stand, the line has now to be drawn between
your wife and thiscoic.'"
She had risen and gone away from him,
speaking with a distinct. Inimitable sarcasm.
"Come, darling, don't let us keep thia up
any longer. Of course it is to make no dif
ference In our lives together; our wedding
day is fixed, thank God! and our home shall
"No, John." She put out her hand with
a forbidding gesture, and all tho color left
her face. "You have chosen your life, and
I choose mine; they do not lie together.
Here is your ring. I wish you success and
joy of 'Susan Nipper' !"
"Sweetheart!" But tho slim figuro as
cending the stair did not turn back, and
there was temper as well as obstinacy in
"tho Lansing head;" so the door was closed
"Mamma, I have 'broken otT with Mr.
"Very well, dear. Then we will go abroad
for a year or 'two.
They did; and for many a month neither
heard or knew aught more of tho would-be
farmer, though Katharine wisely opined,
that since he was quite free to select his
own "locality," it would not be Glastonbury,
or any place near relatives of hers.
They tired of Europe at last, for though
Kate was gay, she was restless, and her
mother was glad enough to Improvo the
first suggestion to "go home." There thoy
found a letter waiting.
"My dear, Cousin Walter writes that
Emily is miserable, tho children and the
servants running wild; and he wants us to
come up for a few weeks and help him out.
Are you willing?"
"It doesn't matter."
"Don't be so indifferent. I, too, would
prefer the quiet of home, but I feel under
obligations to him. He has managed my
business most kindly and faithfully since
your father died."
"We will go, of course."
Mr. Emslie's hobby was scientific farming,
and the Long Acre estate a magnificent one:
and he who had not visited this "lion" of
the county had missed a glimpse of fairy
land. "You are not going to send those 'beauti
ful animals to a country fair?" expostulated
"Certainly; I believe in this kind of life
and all farmers, great or small, must make
an exhihit of their best to encourage their
"I should think it would discourage them
to compete with your stock.tlt is a foregono
conclusion that you will capture all the
Cousin Walter smiled; he would rather
take "first premium" at the forthcoming
exposition than bo bank president.
"I don't know I don't know," ho said,
complacently rubbing his hands. I thought
I had tho finest of every thing in my line;
but, perfect as my herd is, there is one crea
ture I covet."
"And what is that?"
r"A beautiful Holsteln-Friesian, whose
record beats even my 'Maggie Darragh's.'
She is owned by a long-headed chap who
runs tho small farm next mine."
"Why don't you buy her?"
"Can't. Have offered him four thousand,
but money seems no inducement. However,
she and 'Maggie' are to compete at this fair,
and if my neighbor comes out ahead why,
I'll have her, if I have to double my offer."
Katharine felt but little Interest in the
"Farmers' Show;" yet when the pastures
of Long Acre wore emptied of their splendid
herds, they looked strangely lonely to her;
and on thesocond mornlngof the exhibition
she was quite ready to accept her cousin's
invitation to visit the grounds.
"I shall have to leave you alone, though,
most of the time. You see, I have so many
'entries' to look after."
"Is your neighbor's cow here?"
His face felL "O, but she's a royal beau
ty! Not a blemish In her, and at yesterday's
milking contest five quarts ahead of famous
'Maggie Darragh.' I don't know how it will
be to-day, but I fear the issue."
"There is no perfect happiness, Cousin
Walter. All tho world envies you, and you
envy a poor farmer."
'Can't be very poor and own 'Susan Nip
Kate visibly started. "Who?"
" "Susan Nipper.' "
"Strange ! I knewa cow I mean, I heard
of one of that name."
"Must have been this one, then."
Why! Can't there be two!"
"Not In registered thoroughbreds. Names
may be similar, not identical. But the ani
mal you were acquainted with may it not
have been a Holstein!"
"Yes, it was."
"Then it's my neighbor's, and you'll have
an opportunity to renew civilities. Was it
in Holland!" The girl did not reply: she
was too busy wishing herself at home.
It was a noisy, crowded place; and finding
"Exhibition Hall" and the numberless tents
uncomfortable, she wandered off towards
the rear of the grounds, and found herself
among rows of frame cattle-sheds, where
were her cousin's "quarters." An attendant
brought her a camp-chair, and placed her
comfortably, where she was glad to rest and
watch the midday milking. Now she was
here, she wondered about "Susan Nipper'
and wished she could see that fateful animal
just once, herself unseen. "Where is the
cow that rivals 'Maggie Darragh'!"
"Behind you, miss, in that shed on the
Katharine glanced furtively over her
shoulder. What if "her rival's" owner
should be present?
But he was not, and she ventured to ap
proach and gaze upon her enemy. Here, too,
the milking had just been accomplished,
and she found herself listening to tho dis
cussions of "the judges."
She fancied that there was something a
little strange about "Susan's" attendant;
he was evidently indifferent to the success
of his side, and she thought he needed
"Where is the owner!" a3ked one gentle
man decorated bv a "badge."
"Couldn't come to-day," replied the em
"No man ought to leave a creature like
that in inexperienced hands," said another.
"That fellow doesn't understand his busi
ness; her yield falls below 'Maggie Dar
ragh's,' yet she's by all odds the finest
creature. WelL we'll get around hero by
six and see her milked again."
Thoy did, and Mr. Emslie and his fair
cousin as well. If her her old friend, Mr.
Lansing, could not be present, there was no
impropriety of her availing herself of this
amusement, sheltered behind Cousin Wal
ter's responsibility. The operation was car
ried on with spirit in the two rival stalls.
Mr. Emslie and "the judges" flitted from
one to the other; but Katharine was sta
tionary, watching with eager eyes the at
tendant of "Susan Nipper," who, supposing
himself to be the object of special interest,
"lost his head" in his clumsy vanity.
"You have made a mistake in that meas
urement." The rustic was dumbfounded. "I reckon
"Yes; I watched you. It must be done
Cousin Walter and the others drawing
near, she appealed to them, and one in au
thority commanded, briefly: "Try it over."
The accused refused to obey.
"O, but you shall!" cried Kate. "It's
cheating else. 'Maggie Darragh's' owner Is
here to look after his own affairs, and his
men aro honest; but you, either ignorantly
or purposely, have blundered."
"Quite right," said "Judge" Deniston. "If
there's a question of fraud, we'll see that
milk remeasured. Is this beautiful crea
ture yours, madam! Are you Mrs. Lan
sing!" Poor Katharine's face was scarlet; but a
well-known voice replied for her for she
"Thank you, dear. You have filled my
He lifted his hat to the assembly, drew
her arm within his own, and led her away.
In a dream, she suffered this masterful In
truder to place her in his own carriage,
and carry her out from the crowded, dusty
place to the sweet and open country; and
not till he drew rein before the gateway of
a vino-embowered villa was silence broken.
"This is where I and 'Susan Nipper' live
waiting for you to come and make a home.
Are you ready yet, sweetheart?"
Tho words were not much, but they
roused her from her reverie. After all It
was quite natural, and in the old order of
things, for Jack and her to be riding
through green lanes and byways; and It
was quite theold Kate who turned her tear
ful eyes, but smiling lips, towards him.
"I'm tired, John, and I guess I am
And tho way he drew her head uron his
shoulder well, that was quite natural, too!
"But sir," she cried, suddonly sitting
erect, "that man is a cheat. You must dis
"You shall have that privilege, darling
you have earned it."
Cousin Walter drove home very much as
tonished, and not a little wroth. Mrs. Ems
lie received his report calmly.
"There they come now the impudent
Kate sprang lightly out, and tossed a kiss
to her irate relative; then whispered in his
"Patience; you shall have tho creaturo
When the brief wedding journey wasover,
and Mrs. Lansing was home at "The Mead
ows," she dispatched a note to Long Acre.
"For Sale One Holstien-Friesian, 'Susan
Nipper.' Price, 5aS00."
The millionaire whistled, laughed, and re
"Check ready when goods are delivered. "
"But, little wife, you won't sell her my
wedding-gift to you?"
"Indeed, and I will, sir. That money is
better in bank than in a homely, awkward
thing, that is likely to get the the 1 don't
"But Jam really attached to her."
' 'Exactly. That is why I hate her. She'll
have to go."
And "Susan Nipper" went Frank Lea
CARVING IN STONE.
The Utility of Doln? It After It Is in Posi
tion in HaUdlngs.
A great deal of the ornamenlal stone
work which has been done in some ol
our best buildings in recent years has
beeu cut after the stone was in position.
This is common indeed in large cities.
Within a short time this process was
rare. We can remember, in 1873, that
in Boston the practice was only then
coming into general use. It was intro
duced by a number of architects who
had studied abroad. At that time in a
number of cases it was more of a fad
than a necessity, as considerable stone
cutting was done in the building which
might better have been done elsewhere.
But as the general character of the de
sign changed, work of this kind be
came more rational; though in some
cases, as at the present time, it was
carried to an unwarrantable extent.
The practice of stone-carving was
probably developed most fully in
France, where an extended use is made
of the soft Caen stone. There the
mouldings, as well as the more orna
mental carved and decorated portions,
are worked out on the bnilding. It is
quite absurd to do this to its fullest ex
tent in the case of granite, hard lime
stone, and even brown sandstone, as
was done to a certain extent in the
East several years ago. Certain carved
and highly decorative portions can
best be done after the building has been
finished otherwise. But a mere mania
for imitating foreign methods without
the exercise of reason is absurd indeed.
Some of the foreign methods of build
ing are better than ours: some of them
are not so good. If we can only use
sense enough to discriminate we will
be fortunate, indeed. The extremes of
patriotism, or mania for foreign imita
tions are alike unsatisfactory. Wo re
member a visit to Trinity College at
Hartford, a few years ago. They had
some verv beautiful buildings after the
designs of Mr. Burges, the English
architect. They had this worK in au
its beautv. Tjut they had notimporte
the English climate; they had the same
old New England climate, wittt .bngiisa
windows, sashes and grates. We were
in a number of students' rooms, and
found them cold and miserable. JLnere
is nothing better than American win
dows for the North American climate,
particularly that of the colder portion.
The English windows are suited to the
English people and their climate. In
the matter of stone-carving there is no
need of doing it in the building merely
because somebody else does it. It may
be done because there is a good reason
for it- Under certain conditions the rea
son may not exist. Mere imitation is a
sign of decadence. National Builder.
Slaay of Them Still Used In YTixial mad
Other Southern States.
All over our country we find many
interesting relics of the Indians. Stone
spearheads, arrowheads, hammers,
chisels, knives, scrapers, etc, together
with pottery, some of burned or baked
clay, some cut from soft stone, as slate,
3teatite, etc. Similar remnants of the
so-called stone age of mankind are
found in nearly every portion of the
globe, and, besides their interest as
curious survivals of a by-gone time,
they aid us toward a discovery of the
prehistoric man. It is hardly of less
interest, or of less historic or scientific)
value, to note how the stone age still
survives among us to no little extent.
Here in Virginia, for instance, many
people still scald their slaughtered
hogs in hogsheads or barrels, as our
barbarian progenitors boiled their meat
in skins, by heating stones and putting
them into the water until it is hot
enough for the purpose. The stones or
dinarily used in this way are roundish,
hard and very heavy black or brown
modules, sometimes called "negro
heads," or iron stones, although they
are compressed lava upheaved in strata
through crevices in the rock crust of
the earth at remote periods- of geolog
We some times encounter stones that
are hollowed out in the center, often
to a socket, and these not infrequently
are treasured by their finders as an an
cient Indian stone for mashing or
grinding corn, with the aid of a stone
pestle; yet they are nothing more or
less, for the most part, than discarded
stones once used by our rural brethren
for their gates to swing upon many
gates in all parts of the Common
wealth being still thus pivoted.
Many a housewife in remote country
regions still has her stone weights,
more or less rough, but honest.
Wherever the old Kentucky rifle lin
gers there is likely to be found still a
set of soapstone bullet moulds; our log
cabins yet have rough stone and clay
chimneys, where they are not of mud
and sticks; in many a humble house
hold, a thin rock not always smooth,
is the utensil for baking corn
bread, and the stone "mash trap" is
familar to all our country boys.
The stone pipe, believed by many
to have gone out with the Indian,
is made and used to-day by many col
ored folks and by no few white folks.
Whenever soapstone, or steatite, is
found not only the stone pipe, but
many other articles supposed to be
archaic, are still manufactured, and
put to service by the ingenious and
thrifty In such localities stone pans,
stone troughs for children, etc., are
still common. Some day they will be
dug up and attributed to the Indians,
or even to their predecessors. A little
inquiry and investigation would show
much more of the stone age still here
than we have reverted to.
It is not rare to see stone sinkers in
use for lines and nets in fishing; the
flint is not yet superseded wholly by
the match; there ace clocks in the land
yet run by stone weights; stone hovels,
with dirt roofs, are not unknown in our
mountains; the colored ruffian, and
sometimes the white one, carries a
stone in a stocking, along with his
razor, when on the warpath; many a
cider press and tobacco press are still
made effective by stones swung at the
end of their lever; and our small boys
are all in their stone age whenever
they can give their natures full and
We are not so far off from the stone
age man as some imagine; many of the
implements and relics supposed to be
prehistoric, and doubtless so in many
cases, have their modern duplicates,
and in some instances are all in use
among us. Professor and Dr. James C.
Southall, of Virginia, has written a
big book to prove the recent origin of
man. and Dr. Arthur Mitchell, of Scot
land, has published a very interesting
work to illustrate how the past and
present are identical in many things;
and so we may conclude that, as there
is nothing new under the sun, so there
is nothing very old beneath that lumin
ary. Petersburg (Va.) Index-Appeal.
Cost of Getting1 a Railway Bill Through
the English Parliament.
Few of the outside public can have
any idea of the enormous cost of get
ting a railway bill through Parliament.
The Parliamentary surveying and
engineering costs of the Kendal &
Wlndemere Company, amounted to a
trifle over two per cent, on the whole
expenditure on the line. Of Parlia
mentary cost the Brighton railway
averaged 4,806 per mile; Manchester
and Birmingham, 5,190; Blackwell,
14,414. These figures are almost
beyond belief, when we consider
that some English lines in favorable
positions cost altogether only 10,000
per mile. The Brighton line for two
sessions fought a desperate battle
against several other companies, and
when its bill came before the commit
tee the expenses of counsel and wit
nesses amounted to over 1,000 a day,
and the discussion of the measure
lasted fifty days.
The solicitor's bill of the Southeast
ern railway contained 10,000 folios, oc
cupying twelve months in taxation,
and amounted to 240,000! One com
pany found such difficulty in getting
their bill through its preliminary
3tages that at last, when they had
reached the long-desired last stage,
they had already spent nearly a million
of money, and this simply for obtain
ing the "privilege of making the rail
way. Of the terrible costs which have
been incurred only to lead to ultimate
failure, one instance will be sufficient.
The discussion upon the Stone and
Rugby bills lasted sixty-six sitting
days from February till August, 1839;
and in the year 1840 the measure was
defeated, after having resulted in a loss
of 146,000 to its unhappy promoters.
It is needless to say that such enor
mous expenditure cripples many a rail
way and prevents its share-holders
from ever earning good dividends. The
ceaseless energy, untiring persever
ance and neat diplomacy which have to
be shown in pushing a railway bill to
a successful issue are almost beyond
belief; but it is much to be desired that
some means should be discovered of
keeping down the expenses which so
often go far to ruin a line even before
it has begun working. Railway Press.
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Remove the seeds when feeding
pumpkins to cows. They do harm by
acting as a strong diuretic
A sure and safe way to remove
grease spots from silk is to rub the
spot quickly with brown paper. The
friction will soon draw out the grease.
If you will be as pleasant and as
anxious to please in your home as you
are in the company of your neighbors,
you may have one of the happiest
homes in the world.
In putting away summer lawns and
muslins it is best not to starch them, as
it rots cotton when long in it. Wash
and dry thoroughly and roll away till
The average farmer can not see
where his "independence" comes in
when he has to work hard all summer
to pay the interest which falls due on
his mortgage in the winter.
It is of no advantage for an animal
to be a "small eater." In order to
produce largely the animal should con
sume as much food as possible, and
always have a great appotite.
Cows lying out in the pasture or
open barnyard through chilly nights
will entail a loss in diminished milk
yield of far greater amount than the
cost of keeping them under shelter at
night and Jduring cold storms. After
the frosts come pasturage should be
supplemented by liberal rations of
bran, ground oats, or other feed.
Never grow trees of different kinds
together until satisfied one does not in
jure the other, as is frequently the case'
when plums are grown near peaches,
thus inducing the curculio to sometimes
attack the latter. A single wild-cherry
tree near an apple orchard will pro
vide a harboring place for caterpillars,
which finally injure tho apple orchard.
Those who sow wheat after corn
should move lively or they will be too
late. Fall plowing for spring crops
should be done at once, except on land
infested with foul grasses, which
ought not to be touched until just be
fore freezing up. While waiting don't
forget to provide plenty of good fuel
for winter, and thus increase the hap
pieess of the household. N. Y. Inde
pendent. A very handsome window lambre
quin is of plush; cut a piece the re
quired depth, and width of window.
At some distance from each end make
a deep perpendicular slash, and draw
the portion between the slashes
which should bo a little shorter than
the ends from the left end and lift
high at the right edge by folding in it
three upturning plaits, tacking secure
ly. Fasten a bow of ribbon over tho
plaits and finish the edge of lambrequin
with plush balls. On the end pieces
embroider a spray of flowers. Line
with silesia, satteen or canton flannel.
o . m
STRAW ON THE FARM.
Its Usefulness and Value In the Shape of
Bedding and Manure.
There is considerable diversity of
opinion as to the value of straw on the
dairy farm. That it has a value not
to be despised is conceded by all, but
yet the practice differs very much in
the methods oi handling it. At the ex
treme East we find the farmer hus
banding it with almost as much care
as he does the grain that comes from it.
He not only preserves it dry and in
good condition, but runs it through the
cutting box, mixes the ground feed
with it and feeds it to the cows in but
little excess in amount with the quan
tity of hay or other stover that is fed
in the same manner.
While it may not be necessary or
even economical in the Western far
mer to pay quite so much attention to
the straw of the farm that his contem
porary of the East does, yet it is safe
to say he in most cases underrates its
value when properly handled. We be
lieve the old practice of burning the
straw has been entirely done away
with on the dairy farm even at the ex
treme West, but allowing it to rot in
large stacks when threshed at some
distance from the stable is still too
often the practice.
It is a common thing for book-writers
to tell us the relative value of straw as
compared with good hay, but these
tables are often misleading from the fact
thatone straw is not like another straw,
especially in feeding value. The straw
that has become too ripe or the one that
is too immature are alike almost worth
less for feeding purposes, while the one
that was cut at the proper time has a
great deal of good in it. Then the
straws of different grains have not the
same feeding value. Oats and rye
make an indifferent feed compared with
the straw of wheat and barley. Espec
ially do we recommend this latter arti
cle. The farm practice of cutting bar
ley in rather an immature state to pre
vent the grain from shelling out in the
field conduces greatly to the feeding
value of the straw. The only serious
objection to the use of barley straw lies
in the villainous habit the little barbs
have of getting in the eyes of the cows,
but they rarely do any serious harm if
let alone. The men who handle the
straw are more apt to suffer from this
We must not overlook the usefulness
of straw on the farm in the shape of
bedding and manure. There can be
nothing better to put under the cows
than dry straw, and when we consider
its manurial value it will pay to haul it
from a considerable distance, even when
a fair price has to be paid for it.
The great trouble with straw is its
extreme bulk compared with its weight.
This objection can only be overcome
by ingenuity on the part of the dairy
man. There are many devices for load
ing and unloading it that remove the
bulk objection in a large Imeasure,
while the rack for hauling it may be
made nearly double the size for other
purposes. Baling it is yet too expen
sive on the farm, and it is to be hoped
that some method of handling it much
better than any now in practice will
soon be invented. One thing is certain
and that is that whatever trouble there
may be in handling straw it is far too
valuable to be allowed to rot in the
field, and no man should allow these
monuments to his lack of enterprise to
rear themselves in his fields and tell
his neighbors how shiftle33 he is.
The ABILENE IMPROVEMENT CO. offers
$100,000 IN BONUSES
to reliable manufacturing concerns who will
locate in Abilene. Abilene is the largest as
well as the most prosperous city in Central
Kansas. It will soon have
THREE NEW TRIE LINES OF RAILROADS,
making FOUR lines, which will insure tun
equaled shipping facilities.
MM IMPROVEMENT CO
THE ABILENE NATIONAL BANK
CAPITAL, - $150,000.
CLARK H. BARKER, President.
TF. P. RICE, Tice-President.
E. D. HUMPHREY, Cashier.
A. K. PERRY, Assistant Cashier
TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS.
Business of Merchants, Farmers and Individuals generally
solicited. Unequaled facilities for the transaction of all
business intrusted to us.
J. C. BOYER, Attorney and Notary.
FRY, BOYER CO.,
Loans on farms and cltj property. Real Estate bought and sold.
Insurance contracts at current rates. Notary business promptly attended
to. Special bargains In elty and luburban property.
Citizens' Bank Building,
LEBOLD, FISHER & CO., Proprietors
Done in all its branches. MORTGAGES negotiated on Fnnl
Property at 6, 7 and 8 per cent., with reasonable commission
Also, money on Farms without commission.
At all times ; for sale at lowest rates.
Furnished on all the principal cities of the world.
IBOJSTDS BOUGHT AJSX SOLD.
Special attention given to business of Farmers and Stockmen,
Personal liability not limited, as is the case with
IJisto Mr ii Carpi 0.
We arc giTlng special atteatloH to this departmeatj carry the largest
sad nnest Hue r UNDERTAKERS' SUPPLIES Ih the city, aai are pre
pared to attend te this baslaess la all its branches.
Corner Fourth and Broadway.
a M. LEBOLD, J. H. IT3HEK, 3. X. HXBBST,
E. A. Hzbbst, Cashier.
Otr Individual liability Is not limited, as Is the
esse with stockholders of Incorpoiated banks.
fcEBOLB, FISHER & CO., Barters,
C. G. BESSEY.
No one should purchase real estate until
they know the title Is perfect.
W. T. DAVIDSON
has the most complete set of Abstract
la the County. 14 years experience.
Office orer Post-ofilce,
ABILENE, ,i K&tfSAm
t - -
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