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S3T"A11 communications for this paper should
be accompanied toy the name of the author;
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THE REASON WHY.
He did not seem a man for deeds
Malicious or inhuman.
He ever bad a helping band
For friendless maa or wotnaa;
Out in the busy working world
He wrought, each daylight hour.
And men deferred to him, as one
Whose word was law and power.
Then why, within hU pretty home.
Once filled with joy and gladness.
Stands he with bated breath, and air
Of deep remorse and sadness!
He has a conscious look. I think,
So shy and hesitating;
He seems a very knave confessed.
And for his sentence waiting.
If storms without assailed hi3 peace.
The hearts at home would aid him,
Now why do wife and sisters dear
"With chldings stern upbraid him!
Come, let me whisper in your ear,
I'll solve the question may be.
They serve their fellow mortal thus
Because he waked the baby.
Mr. A. E. Treat, in Tfxai SlflinQS.
CATCHING WILD HOUSES.
'Gone Ball, the "Wild Hor30 King,"
on the Had Chase.
An Eiettlnjr Occupation Now Gnnn "But
Not Forsottn A I.onjr Race In Which
JJruIns Count Peculiar Custom
of Wild Horses."
The day of the ivild horse and the
wild horse catcher is over. For nearly
twenty years a number of men skilled
in the capture of the untamed, arch
necked, mane-flowing' denizen of the
great plains have gained a livelihood
and even a competence. But this once
profltable calling has constantly grown
more laborious and less remunerative,
and this year tho horse-catchers have
gone reluctantly at other occupations
or have drifted to the Pan-Handle of
Texas or a strip of country in North
western Wyoming and Northwestern
Nebraska, where a few of the "fleet
equines of the desert" still roam in
decimated bands. There are a small
number of these wild horses still to be
found, it is true, on tho Republican
river in Eastern Colorado, and on the
Arickaree river, a tributary. But these
are the sole remnants of what a score
of years ago were a noticeable and at
tractive feature of the plains and
ranked for numbers almost with the
buffalo. Though valueless when killed
and dillicult of capture except by the
most experienced, still the horse has
outlasted its shaggy-coated contempo
rary but a few years, and soon, with
the wild Indian as well as the buffalo,
will have become a tradition.
At tho head of the men who, by the
extinction of the wild horse, find it
necessary to now seek some more pro
saic occupation is 'Gene Bell of Brush
Station, Colo. Mr. Bell' has made his
livelihood for ten years capturing
these interesting animals. He was
born in the rear end of a prairie
schooner in 1857 and claims to be the
first person who can call Colorado his
native State. As he was born on the
great plains he has since lived continu
ously upon them, and although butaboy
when he began the difficult calling of
a horse-catcher he soon reached a pre
eminence by skill and endurance that
gave" him the title of the "Wild Horse
So much has been written of the
horse of the plains, which, foaled upon
the dew kissed grass of the prairie, has
never known a halter or the touch of a
man's hand, that descriptive reference
to their flcetness, wariness, and often
times their graceful beauty, particu
larly among tho stallions, would at
this day hick Interest. But one curious
fact is known to but few aside from
those who have followed them for hun
dreds of miles and studied their habits
closely. If there are enough in a band,
these animals group by thirteens. The
regulations of the wild horse allow to
each male twelve consorts, and, the
remarkable feature is, no more. They
draw tho line at an even dozen. Even
when tho bands that roamed these
great plains, then tenantless except by
other wild creatures, numbered in the
hundreds and more than a thousand
this peculiar division into families was
plainly noticeable. They kept a little
apart and never voluntarily mingled.
Usually the occupation of capturing
the untamod steeds was followed by
three men working together. They
used four or five hardy, fleet, well
trained horses. When the section of
tho country tho wild animals frequented
was reached, the first thing was to select
a suitablo location, at the entrance of a
ravine generally, for a corral. This
tho catchers knew how to construct,
using great quantities of rope, very
speedily. Theu near this corral, on
the most sightly eminence, one man
stationed himself. A distance beyond
it, on the apparently most natural run
way, another man with one of the fleet
est of saddle horses takes his station.
The work of the most skilled man of
the three then begins. Mounted upon
the picked horse of the lot, with a pair
of field-glasses, a water-bag, and a sup
ply of food, he swings away in the ear
liest dawn on an easy lope. It may be
ten or twenty miles before his keen eyes,
aided by the glasses with which he
sweeps the broad expanse of rolling
plain, detect a grazing band ot horses.
He approaches them by the easiest
course which will permit concealment
as long as possible, and then, within a
few hundred yards, he dashes into sight
and the sport is begun.
The affrighted animals stand for an
instant, the. morning breeze fanning
v. their luxuriant manes and tails. They
snort in alarm, turn and trot off, at
first, and then, as it is apparent this
strange creature is pursuing, break in
to a run. It is now that the race is to
both the swift and the enduring. The
trained horse, on which the man is
astride, knows his part of the work,
and he does it intelligently. With head
well down, swinging out on a long,
swift lope, he follows the fleeing band.
They run madly, become more and
more affrighted as they perceive that
. they are indeed, pursued. The first
f wild burst of speed carries them far in
; advance, but not out of sight. By dex
terous engineering the rider and horse
behind shorten the distance a3 much as
possible. The band ahead -are to be
kept on the move. That is the trick.
Not a halt are they to get for a bite of
grass or sup of water. They liave set
the course in a generally straightaway
direction. That course they must be
Mile after mile is rapidly covered.
The sun comes up hofand scorching in
the cloudless sky. But there is no stop
for a restful graze, nor opportunity for
a drink from a chance stream. If the
band ahead, with tails streaming and
nostrils dilated, divert from the gener
al direction to sweep around the base
of a low ridge, the wary horseman and
his equally wise animal take the short
er and easier way, cutting the sequent,
as it were, but always ever in sight and
always coming, coming. The fngnt of
the wild horses has grown into verita
ble terror. They throw bit3 of foam
from their mouths. They are worried,
half crazed by this merciless, continu
ous, unrelenting pursuit. But the man
behind knows that they will soon do
something that is, perhaps, as strange sa
their peculiar habits of community re
lation. He has rested his horce at
every opportunity. Whenever there
was a chance, his faithful animal has
been given a nibble at the succulent
grass and had a sup from a spring or
little stream. Ridden though he is, the
tough and experienced plains pony is
fresher than the fleeing equines ahead.
They now show signs of the greatest
perturbation. Their stomachs are
empty, their wind is "blown." their
tongues are dry. But fear makes them
half unconscious of these sufferings,
although they are gradually wearing
under them. At length, when they
have gone forty or fifty or perhaps six
ty miles, the patriarch begins to run in
an eccentric way. He is not as sure
of his course as he was. He wheels and
turns and then goes ahead again, but
It is this the shrewd man and shrewd
pony knew would happen. They ,drop
out of sight for a moment behind tho
ridge. The stallion, his nostrils di
lated and quivering and his eyes flash
ing, makes a sudden run, and in
another moment, with his band of
faithful spouses, he is galloping back
over the track he has come.
Now is the race in earnest and to
the bitter end. The nervy, gamy,
swift horse behind knows that his
energies have been saved for the task
that is yet before him. As he feels the
spur he springs ahead with the racing
blood aflame in his veins. It is a ter
rific chase. New terror at this extra
ordinary, this unlooked for denoue
ment of what the fleeing animals ahead
had thought in their brute instinct
was a successful ruse to throw the pur
suer off the track, gives them desper
ate strength, too; but they are worn
and fretted and starved and burning
with thist. They run for their lives.
Nearer, mile after mile they approach
the starting place. The sun is ablaze
aften noonday, but still the hot race
goes on. Now faithful, plucky, speedy
pony, bearing a saddle-worn but
grimly determined man, do your best.
Your strong legs will fail, sinewy as
they tire. The faster you run the
quicker your day's terrible effort is
Tho man left behind on the eminence
is sweeping the plains with his power
ful glasses. He has watched an hour,
perhaps two, or even three. At last
his range of vision becomes centered
upon something away in the distance.
It may be a bunch of antelope. It may
bo a band of wild horses that are run
ning for play. But as he watches
closer he discerns it is not sport that
causes that moving group of specks.
He trains the glasses intently until at
last he can see behind the running ani
mals a solitary horse, and that horse
has a rider. He is in the saddle with
a bound, calls to another horse grazing
near, and away they fly towards this
approaching cavalcade. He runs the
horses as swiftly as he can, and at
length spies plainly, perhaps two or
three miles away, the fleeing bunch,
and behind them in hot chase the gal
lant horse and rider. A signal tells
him he too has been seen, and then,
seizing the topographical features of
the intervening space, he skulks swiftly
behind the ridges and elevations to
cross the course. This is something
which requires rare judgment of the
speed of the running band, and a deft
choice of tho friendly ridges which he
must pursue, keeping out of sight of
the worn and terrorized animals whose
attention should not be detracted from
the relentless pursuer behind. The
trick, though, is well done, and while
tho wary but still dauntless stallion
and his following mares sweep around
the base of an elevation the tired, gamy
pony and the two fresh horses and men
meet. As quickly as saddles can be
transferred the gallant horse that has
made a run of seventy-five, eighty-five,
or possibly ninety miles is free and
rolling ou the grass, and the iron-muscled
man who bestrode him is on an
other fleet and fresh horse and again
hot after the quarry. It has been hu
man brain against horse brain. The
reinforcements have thu3 far won the
Now follows the most skillful ma
neuvering. The terrorized band can
not run much farther. They have
almost exhausted even their well-nigh
tireless vitality. They again became
confused and resort to their last
device. Their straight away tactics
are deserted and they commence run
ning in a circle. At first it is two
miles in diameter. The pursuer makes
his circle in a little less space. The
diameter reduces to a mile. The man
on horseback runs but the circumfer
ence of a circle, a distance inside.
Gradually this grows less. The poor,
panting, exhausted creatures stagger
around, determined to die in what
they think is their only means of es
cape. Ihey have entirely lost their
reason, if such it might be called. Nar
rower and narrower becomes their
course, until at last, with the sun
sinking low in the west, they stand,
panting, weaving back and forth, con
quered, for the time. They may have
run one hundred miles. Mr. Bell
states that he has had chases to greatly
exceed that distance.
The three men close in on them and
skillfully drive them towards the cor
ral. Among thera and in their lead
now has come a strange saddleles!
horse; but they are too bewildered tc
know it This horse slowly marks the
course guided by the men driving, and
at last leads within the half-concealed
seclusion the thirteen prisoners.
Once there the wild horses are wild
no longer. They are captives sure and
safe. They may rest, and graze, and
drink, but escape they can not.
A day or two afterward the prelim
inary breaking to halter is done. This
is both dangerous and exciting work.
The wild animal is caught by a rope
and thrown. While down, choked into
half insensibility, the jacquima is ad
justed. This is a noose loop, and when
tightened hurt3 the sensitive mouth of
the unbroken animal terribly. Next
comes the saddle, ofttimes requiring
an hour's patient work to adjust. But
when once in place and the rider on
the back that has never borne a bur
den, the fiiril struggle is made until
the man conquers and tho free, fear
less, swift-limbed Pegasus of the plains
is a servant
Last year Bell caught forty horses.
He drove them to Nebraska and sold
them for about sixty dollars each. This
year he has caught but half the num
ber, and regretfully says that tho day
of the wild horse is over. One source
of rovenue, which has bsen no small
consideration during the last five years
to the horse-catchers, was the bounty
paid for stray animals found in the
bands. The Colorado Live Stock Asso
ciation has paid fifteen dollars a head
for all such horses and they -are then
turned over to the owners up yx the re
payment of this money. The offering
of this reward became a necessity, be
cause if there is one trick a wild horse
knows better than another and will
always, play it is to coax off with him
into a career of perpetual truancy
every animal of his class he chances to
find. The wild horse of Colorado par
ticularly has always been a superior
animal in point of appearance, fleet
ness, and endurance to those running
in Texas or on the ranges farther north.
Why this is so is not unexplainable,
but it is a fact that in the bands along
the Platte and Republican rivers the
animals have always been found lar
ger and better, more particularly for
saddle use. There are in Denver now
a number of attractive saddle horses,
highly prized by their owners, that
but three or four years ago roamed at
their own sweet will among the succu
lent pasturage of Eastern Colorado
and knew neither bit nor spur. Chi
MR. AND MRS. JONES.
They Deprecated Family Ttrolli, But Quar
reled About Their Wedding I3:iy.
"It's very strange," remarked Jones
to his spouse, as ho laid aside tho
paper he had been reading, "that men
and their wives will wrangle and fight
in the manner they do."
"It is indeed," rejoined Mrs. Jones,
putting up her knitting. "Thank good
ness no one can point their finger at us
and say we ever quarreled; can they,
"No dear; I trust that we love each
other too well for that. Here we have
been married nearly five years, and
never yet have the waters of our con
jugal sea been ruffled by a single ripple
of contention or strife."
"It's nearly six years, darling," cor
rected Mrs. Jones, sweetly."
"Why, no, my dear, it is but five
years. You are mistaken."
"Surely, you forget, Constantino!
You know how uncertain your memory
"I know nothing of the kind," re
torted Jones, getting red in the face.
"You don't suppose I've been asleep
for a year, do ye?"
"I guess I ought to know when we
were married!" replied she curtly,
shifting about uneasily in her chair.
"It was in September, 1832 nearly six
"In September. 1883 nearly five
years ago, you mean."
"I don't mean any such thing! I
mean just what I said!"
"Why don't you call me a liar, and
be done with it. I'm a confounded
idiot, am I, and don't know whether
I'm a bachelor or a hen-pecked hus
band, eh?" and Jones jumped up and
pranced around the table to where his
wife was seated.
"Don't tell me you're a hen-pecked
husband, Constantino Jones!" ex
claimed his better-half, bustling up to
"I didn't say I was!"
"Don't stand up there and lio to me
in that way, you old serpent!"
"Don't you call mo a liar again, you
you vixen, or I'll maul you!"
"You dare to touch me, and Til
scratch your eyes out!"
"Hold your tongue, termagant, or
Til I'll "
"You will, eh? You don't dara to!
Td just like to see you lay your hands
on me, you murderous old beast!"
"Don't dare me, woman, or I'll boat
the carpet with you!" snorted Jones,
sparring around her like a Pawnee at a
"Just try it, and Pll pull every hair
out of lhat pumpkin head of yours!"
retorted she, following him about the
"Keep away from me, you pestifer
ous tarantula, or Til mangle you so
that your own mother wouldn't know
ye! There now tako that, will ye!"
and Jones delivered a push that sent
his wife sprawling over the rocking
chair. "And you take that! an' that! an1
that!" yelled she, scrambling up and
fficung wildly with both hands.
During the hottest of the fight a
policeman rushed in upon them and
quelled the disturbance, dragging the
combatants off to the police station,
thus adding one more to the list of
"disgraceful affairs" which had so
aroused the indignation of Mr. and Mrs.
Constantino Jones. Yankee Blade.
FirstTexan "Remember Jim Cur
ry, what's killed every man that said
he was no gentleman? " Second Texan
"The Curry what killed an actor for
tryin' to protect a lady? " "That's the
one. I hear he's got into the peni
tentiary at last." "Well, well! Whose
hoss did he steal? " Philadelphia Be
The Power of the Ability to Make XTse d
It has been well said that "purpose
is the edge and point of character the
superscription on the letter of talent;
that character without it is blunt or
torpid, and that genius without it is
bullion splendid but uncirculating."
Even errors if they imply nothing
criminal or of evil intent may be
translated into something splendid,
something magnificent, by virtue of de
cision. When Mr. Disraeli, in his first
great effort in the House of Commons,
met not only with unsympathetic listen
ers, but with contempt so complete that
he was compelled to sit down with his
oration unfinished, he drew his hat over
his eyes, and, with a resolute shake of
the head, said to himself rather than to
the House of Commons: "The day
will come when you will hear me."
And in spite of rebuffs, many and se
vere, he persisted in getting on his legs
on every available opportunity, at
tacked thoso who had supported, as
well as those who had opposed him,
and thus, by grand decision and mag
nificent audacity, he translated his
failure into a training for success a
success which, not improbably, future
historians will find to bo somewhat
qualified by the faith which Mr. Dis
raoli carried to an extreme, based on
the conviction that this decision and
magnificent audacity could atone for
great errors in statesmanship. He cer
tainly never showed that "habitual in
decision which has beon called the
chief evidence of weakness; evincing
either a want of capacity to apprehend
what is best, or a want of energy tc
"Strike the iron while it is hot,"
says the old proverb. There is a pro
pitious moment, when outer circum
stances, like the heated iron, are soft
and pliant; decision, directed by in
sight, is as a hammer in the skilled
hand to mold them to its pattern.
Way to Fortune.
What Gilded Domes Cost In This Country
The dome of the Boston Stato House
is the most conspicuous object in that
interesting city, with, from some points
of approach, the single exception of
Bunker Hill Monument. The gray
color of the latter tends in most con
ditions of tho atmosphere to render it
imperceptible, while the gilded dome
of the State House in gray weather is
visible by contrast and in sunshine it
sparkles and glistens so as to attract
the eye from every direction.
For some years the gilding has been
gradually disappearing, and it is now
to be regilded. An exchange gives us
the following facts: It will tako 5,760
books ofgld leaf to gild the dome.
Each book contains twenty sheets ol
gold leaf, each sheet containing a little
over nine and one-third square inches.
The sheets are so thin that one thou
sand of them laid one on the other
make but an inch in thickness. The
gold is within a carat of pure, and
wei ghs three and one half pounds Troy.
Each book is worth 70 cents, so thai
the gold leaf alone cost ?4,032. It will
take fifteen skilled workmen six weeks
to do the job.
But what a small and inexpensive
transaction is this compared with the
scale upon which such work is done in
Russia. The great cupola of St.
Isaac's Cathedral, in St. Petersburg,
is sheeted with copper and overlaid
with gold. Its diameter is 66 feet, and
186 pounds of solid gold were used tc
gild it. The top of this great cupola
is 296 feet. But even this amount ol
gilding is small compared with that on
the Church of St. Saviour, at Moscow,
which has five immense cupolas gilded
with 900 pounds of solid gold. Chris
The Fecundity of Fish. .
It has beon calculated that, as fish
produce so many eggs, if vast numbers
of the latter and of the fish themselves
were not continually destroyed and
taken, they would soon fill up every
available space in tho seas. For in
stance, from 60,000,000 to 70.000.00C
codfish are annually caught on the
shores of Newfoundland. But even
that quantity seems small when it is
considered that each cod yields about
4,500,000 eggs every season, and that
oven 8,000.000 have been found in the
roe of a single cod. Were the 60,000,-
000 cod taken on the coast of New
found left to breed, the 30.000,000 fe
males producing 5,000.000 eggs every
year, it would give a yearly addition of
150,000,000,000 young codfish. Other
fish, though not equalling the cod, are
wonderfully prolific. A herring weigh
ing 6 oz. or 7oz. is provided with aboul
30,000 eggs. After making all reason
able allowances for the destruction ol
eggs and the young it has been estima
ted that in three years a single pair of
herrings would produce 15-1,000,000.
Buffon calculated that, if a pair of her
rings could be left to breed and multi
ply undisturbed for a period of twenty
years, they would yield an amount ol
fish equal in bulk to the globe on which
we live. N. T. Post.
Traveling on a Trunk.
"Do you know .that if a man has a
heavy trunk he can sometimes travel a
long distance on a railroad without a
ticket or any money?" said a young
man yesterday who had recently made
his way back from Texas, with but a
few dollars. "When I reached St.
Louis I had but five cents in my pocket,
and I did not know a man there I could
ask for a loan. I went to the ticket
agent, and making know my condition
asked him how I could get to Indian
apolis. 'Have you a trunk?' he
asked. I told him I had, and he said
he would introduce me to the con
ductor. When the conductor came up
1 was introduced, and he asked me for
the check to my trunk, which I gave
him. and he then gave me a small
ticket, which he said would get my
trunk into Indianapolis. I asked him
how much the trunk would cost me
when I went to get it out, and he said
57. Well, I got through all right, but
when I presented the ticket for the
trunk, it cost me $9 instead of $7. I
have been wondering ever since who
got that money, but I didn't care, for
I was glad to get back to Indianapolis
even on Use terms. Indianapolis
A WOMAN OF POWER.
The Career of Miss 'Lee. Now the Petted
Wire of Count Waldersee.
The Countess von Waldersee, who
Is now the most powerful woman in
Europe, began life a3 a grocer's
daughter. Her father was the late
David B. Lee, head of the old grocery
house of Lee, Dater & Miller. Mary
was the only child and was' beautiful,
ambitious and clever. She was sent to
school to the famous Bolton priory on
the Sound, which was then the most
elegant and exclusive of young ladies'
seminaries. Immediately upon leaving
school she went abroad and in a short
time sent cards home to her school
mates announcing her marriage to
Prince Frederick Emile August of
Schleswig-Holstein, a cousin of Queen
Victoria. He was not in very good re
pair, this Prince. He was decidedly
damaged in fact, being old and being
on the point of putting his second foot
in the grave, one having been thero
She took this dilapidated scion of
royalty to the East in hopes of restor
ing him, but to quote the sorrowful
phrase of the Misses Bolton, who had
been her instructress. "He only
reached Beyrout to die." Then tho
widowed Princess, with her beauty and
her millions, was pursued by every for
tune hunter in Europe and had beside
3ome of tho proudest positions and
titles offered her. When she re
linquished her high rank to marry a
Prussian Count her friends began to
think that they were mistaken regard
ing her overweening ambition, but to
one of these gossips at Tuxedo, who
was in Europe at tho time, she said:
"Von Waldersee is only a Count now,
but wait with his talents and my
money and encouragement ho will be
something more." The young Count
soon became marked in Berlin as a man
who knew his business thoroughly. Ho
distinguished himself in the Franco
Prussian war, and was German Charge
d'Affaires during the occupation of
Paris. Meantime the grocer's daughter
was not idle. She warmly espoused
Bismarck's party as opposed to that of
the Crown Princess, and when the for
mer began to foment discord between
young William and his mother she was
William's confidant and sympathizer.
Then William married, and the spirited,
intellectual and liberal-minded Crown
Princes, who would be a second Eliza
beth were she allowed to come to tho
English throne instead of her fat and
dissipated brother, discovered that her
daughter-in-law was a dull-witted Ger
man haus frau, from whom she could
expect no sympathy, and was disposed
to rather contemptously pass her over.
This the Countess von Waldersee saw
aud used. illiam's wife deeply re
sented her brilliant mother-in-law's
contempt and fell back on the Countess
for advice, and allowed her to manage
her salon as she pleased and for her
own uses. When Frederick came t6
the throne the Von Walderseos were
promptly sent into political exile at
Vienna, but departed cheerfully, know
ing tho hour of their triumphal return
would not bo long delayed. Now Von
Waldersee, not yet fifty years old, has
succeeded tho great Von Moltke, as
commander of all the Imperial forces.
The Countess is a pot and trusted em
ploye of Bismarck. The Emperor is
deeply attached to her and the Empress
is her most intimate friand. so that all
things considered the New York gro
cer's daughter is to-day the most pow
erful woman in Europe. Brooklyn
CURE FOR IVY POISON.
It is Sulphate of Soda, Properly Dissolved
and Used as a Wash.
Poison ivy, while it is very poison
ous to some, is entlroly harmless to
others. Actual contact with the plant
is not in all cases necessary to poison a
man. Persons are known to have been
poisoned by simply passing by places
where the vine grows abundantly.
Those who are not familiar with these
plants will ou general principles do
well to avoid any vine or bush growing
by rocks, fonces and wood sides with
glossy leaves arranged in trees, and in
the fall any particularly brilliant treo
in swampy places, with leaves resemb
ling, but slightly broader than tho
Fortunately ivy poisoning is not a
dangerous affection, although persons
severely poisoned present a very dis
tressing appearance. Ne scars or per
manent injury to the skin or general
system are apprehended in ordinary
cases, and no danger of catching it by
contact with tho eruption upon another
person need be feared.
The bruised leaves of the common
plantain are an excellent antidote and
always convenient. Rub them over the
eruptions and bind them on if possible.
Fine table salt often effects a cure. Ap
plications of soft soap sometimes af
fords relief. Sweet oil is one of the
surest and most agreeable remedies.
Bathe the irritated parts fre iuently
with the oil. A leading physician
speaks in the highest terms of sulphite
of soda as a remedy, prescribes it for
his patients, as he knows its value from
personal experience. As to his own
case he was completely covered with
the poisonous eruptions and triod all
the old and new cures without any good
resulting from them, until one day a
drug clerk gave him ten cents worth of
sulphite of soda,, dissolved in one pint
of water, with which he bathed the
parts freely. It acted like magic; it
allayed the itching and was very sooth
ing. The cure was complete in a week.
Sulphite of soda can be obtained at any
drug store, but in ordering it will be
well to state that it i3 sulphite of soda
and not sulphate that is wanted, other
wise there is a possibility of getting
the latter, which will not answer the
purpose." N. Y. Mail and Express.
If red clover is cut for seed or Is
permitted to ripen seed on the ground
it will last for several years. When the
seed is produced the plant has com
pleted its functions and then the root
perishes, but when it is kept mown or
fed down it will continue to grow.
Naturally red clover is a biennial plant
and die3 when it has seeded the second
year of its growth. The pea vine
clover is'a perennial and is the best of
the clovers for pasture, but it is not
suitable for horses, as the late growth
causes profuse salivation. Philadelphia
Bulbs for Out-Door Culture and for Win
Unless one has had some experience,
it is hard to select from a catalogue
bulbs that will do well for the house.
Many of the imported bulbs are dry and
worthless, and what are advertised as
home-grown are too old to do well in
the hands of an amateur, but if your
dealer is reliable and can assure you of
the freshness of his stock it will be safe
to select the following as among the
best for winter blooming: Single
Tulips, Jonquil, Crocus and Lily of the
Valley, Giant Oxalis, both yellow and
pink; Fair Lily, a species of Amaryllis,
Hyacinths, Cyclamen, a Calla and
Prince of Orange Amaryllis. The
Tulips, Jonquil, Crocus and Lily of the
Valley must be potted in the fall and
buried where they will freeze two or
three times before they are brought
in-doors, then put them in the cellar
where they will thaw and become well
rooted. When they are well above the
soil bring them up and put them in the
window, not the most sunny one, but a
north or west window and as far from
the stove as possible; keep quite moist
and you will soon have Crocus, Tulips
and Jonquil will follow and Lily of the
Valley for the last. Hyacinths should
not be grown in glasses, they are un
satisfactory and tho bulbs are worth
less for future use. Pot them in good
rich soil eight or ten weeks before you
wish to put them in tho window, and
bury them in the cellar. When they
are rooted sufficiently the tops will
push above the ground, and when an
inch or two high bring up and give
rather more light and heat than the
first named bulbs. The Roman Hyacinth
is easiest of culture and each bulb will
throw up two or three flowerstalks.
The Fairy Lily, Oxalis and Freesias
need much the same treatment. Four
or five bulbs o,either kind may be al
lowed to a five-inch pot; give them
good soil, plenty of sun and a good
degree of warmth and they bloom very
soon. Tho Freesia is the finest thing
I have ever grown for winter bloom
ing, requiring little care, sure to blos
som, and beautiful to look at, while
nothing can compare with its delicious
Procure your Cyclamen of the florist,
well started for winter growth; they
are very fine and remain in blossom a
long time. A Prince of Orange
Amaryllis will blossom twice a year, in
August and again in December. After
tho summer blooming set it away in
a somewhat cool and dark place, giving
little water until the new growth
starts, then give plenty of water and a
sunny corner and the bud stalk will
30on appear. If your Calla does not
show signs of blooming after a reason
able time, water quite freely with warm
water, nearly as hot as you can bear
your hand in.
There is a fascination about the
growth of bulbous plants, the unfolding
of leaf and bud under one's very eye,
that nothing else can give, and I much
prefer them to any other class of
plants, both for out-of-door culture and
and for winter blooming. Myra C.
Durfec, iu Gooi Housekeeping.
HOW TO GET RICH.
No Vlrtne In Ialierallty That Slakes Others
Wealthy and You Poor.
There is a very large class of men
who are always complaining of the
success of rich men. This class seems
to regard a rich man as a criminal, as
a matter of course. Now there are
several ways of becoming rich and
some of them are unquestionably
criminal. Tho rich criminal classes
are well defined and easily recognized.
But wealth and great wealth may be
and is accumulated in legitimate ways.
As we sometimes walk through our
great dry goods stores we notice the
crowd that throngs them, and observe
the cash boys and cash girls running
hither and thither, and the store a
veritable hive of industry. Some of
the customers who are spending their
money freely we know. One is the
wife of a man who has a mortgage
upon his home that he will never pay.
Talk with him and he will say that
conditions of society and business are
such that the poor get poorer and the
rich richer. He mentions, perhaps,
the name ot the rich owner of the dry
goods store in which we saw his wife
spending money far what she could
easily have done without. He regards
the conditions that enable tho proprie
tor of that store to accumulate money
so rapidly while he is unable to get
money enough to pay his mortgage as
monstrously unjust; and yet this man's
wife will go on 3teadily putting this
man's money into the pocket of this
rich store owner, who could not accu
mulate wealth the way he is doing it if
people like this wife did not spend the
money that should go toward the pay
ment of the mortgage that is upon her
We know several rich brewers who
are getting richer every day, and are
making their money in part, and per
haps the greater portion of it, from
men who are wild with indignation
toward the rich. If people do not
spend their money other people can
not accumulate it It is because they
spend more than they should, that
fortunes accumulate on the one hand
and poverty exists on the other. The
stingy man, as a rule, becomes rich.
He at least doe3 not help other men to
become rich, and stinginess is an ab
solute virtue. The spendthrift is of no
benefit to this world. He is an injury
to it. He helps make the great for
tunes which bode no good to society.
He sets a miserable example and
travels straight and steadily toward
the poorhouse, where finally he lies
down on a bed which stingy men must
pay for and he is buried in a grave
which stingy men buy. The young
man shrinks from the "disgrace" of
being called stingy. Young friend,
there is no virtue in that liberality that
makes other men rich and you poor;
that puts other men in palaces and you
in an almshouse; that enables other
people's children to ride in equipages
while yours trudge along barefooted.
Cull out the flock and fatten for
the butcher those sheep which failed at
shearing-time to yield a profitable
fleece. Lambs that are intended to
turn off should be given generous food.
GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS
Yes Especial Attention io Collections
Bays and Sells Foreign and Jo
Negotiates Mortgage Loans
y.All business promptly attended to. By
(Malott & Company.)
ABILENE, - HSSIS.
Transacts a general banking business
Ne limit to our liability.
A. W. RICE, D. R. GORDEN, JOHJ
JOHXTZ, W. B. GILES AND
T. H. MALOTT.
T. H. MALOTT. Cashier.
I.E. Bonkbrakx, Pres. I THEO. MOSHEB, Cas
FIRST NATIONAL BANT
Ol aTtTT.I.1HI m.
Capital, $75,000. Surplus. $15,00&
STAMBAUGH, HURD & DE1YEY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
T. S. BIRTOH, Prop'r,
Bespeetfullj imites the citizens of Abi
lene to his Bakery, at the old Keller,
rtand, on Third street, where he has-'
lOBStantly a supply or ice oest
to be found In the city. Special orders
for aujthlnsr in my line promptly aU
tended to on short notice.
T. S. BARTON.
M. T. GOSS & 00.
Respectfully inform all who intend
building in Manchester and vicinity
that they are prepared to furnish
Plastering :-: laterii
AS LOW AS THE LOWEST.
Call and get estimates befor
M. T. GOSS & CO.,
ST. LOUIS MD THE EAST.
S Daily Trains
Kansas City and St Lonis, Ho.
XqaJpped -with Pnlhnan Palace 8Ieepr
and Buffet Cars.
FREE REGLIN1N6 CHAIR GARS
mad Elegant Coaches.
THB MOST DIEECT LINK TO .
TEXAS and the SOUTH.
2 Dally Trains 2
to principal polnta In tha
XXtara SOCAJB STATE.
IKOff MOUNTAIN BOUTB
XwtsnU, Mobile, New Orleans aad prlaelpaj
m< la Tennessee, Mississippi, Ala
baa and iAxalsUaa, oflter
la the oaelce of
G ROUTES 6
TO NEW ORLEANS.
For Tickets, Bleeping Car Berths and fartfea
In!" urinn apply to nearest Ticket ages or
J. E. X.Y03, W. T. A, SB Mala atrset,
Kanaa City, Ha
V. S. KIWXAK, Sen. TxaSa Manager, -.
. .r .