5 C 'l Vf'J- 'nr ";
.,,.-- W - sr-tEF
FlAny person -who takes the paper regular
ly Xrom tie post-office, whether directed to his
name or whether he is a subscriber or not, Is
responsible for the pay.
The courts have decided that refusing to take
newspapers from the post-office, or removing
and leaving them uncalled for, is prima fade
evidence of rsrExnoxAL fhaud.
The woods rang out a merry laujh,
As two went gaily by.
The taller heaJ wa3 his by half,
But hers the sancy eye.
Beneath her old brown summer hat
He stole a glance or two. .
Then vowed he loved her fancy that,
And ever would be true.
For her reply he stays and lingers,
And she to vex and tease,
Tells slowly on her dainty Angers
Sweethearts by twos and threes.
"The little finger's Tommy Truo,
The next is Georgie Pratt,
I think them all as nice as you,"
She said, 'just fancy that."
The two then wandered slowly home,
His heart was full of pain;
He vowed in other linds he'd roam.
And ne'er come back again.
She dashed aside her golden hair,
And sang in merry tone :
"A brave heart wins a lady fair.
A faint heart conquers none."
Beneath the old oak's spreading reach,
She made him understand
How friends could have a finger each.
But he her heart and hand.
They found it then upon the ground.
Her crumpled broad-brimmed hat;
But to this da they have not found
The reason fancy that !
Atherion Furlong, in Chicago SalurdaytEcen
m o m
FAIR PAPITA:S LEAP.
Pursued by a Boar Sho Take3 a
Last Ohauca for Life.
Brain Is Killed by a Mountain Lion, the
Lion Is Shot by a Gallant Hunter,
and. Papita Hobs Up Sercnoly
The Silver City (Mont.) correspond
ent of the Cincinnati Enquirer sends
the following remarkable talc:
These mountains are as rich in ad
ventures as they are in quartz-rock and
big bowlders, he writes. Once in awhile
one of the first is heard of .beyond its
immediate participants, just as the
quartz now and then shows up a silver
vein to the persistentinquisitivo miner.
Some of these have been duly chroni
cled, but not the tenth part of those
which have happened, even within
easy reportorial reach, have been
heard of by me. A few days ago Hank
Slicer, an old hunter, who fought the
Indians long before he came up into
the mountains ten years ago, dropped
into our little mining camp, casually,
as it were. The old man is garrulous,
after he has taken on about a half a
dozen three-finger doses of Bourbon,
and he told half a dozen beautifully
tinted stories of life in the mountains.
That is, the stories were rose-colored
a man with strong imagination and a
slight prejudice against Hank might
say they were "lurid." All of them
were highly entertaining. Fortunately
he had collateral evidence of the truth
of some of them, though no one ever
disputed any statement by Hank Slicer
unless Hank was either asleep or out
of sight and tolerably certain not to re
turn for some time. One of his stories
I shall give. It's a pity it can not be
given verbatim and with all the orna
ments of adjective and expletive, gest
ure and facial contortion with which
it was duly embellished by the old
man. But to do so would require a
special font of type with several new
characters. Stripped of all disguises
the story is about as follows:
Slicer has spent the summer camp'ed
on a spur of the mountains, thirty or
forty miles from here, known as Big
Tree Mountain. This spur is a wide
one, and has many lovely little valleys
and charming nooks. Its chief charm
in old Hank's eyes, however, was the
fact that its valleys and glens are the
chosen feeding ground of the deer, and
that its many pellucid streams are
chock-full of the finest trout With
Hank was an old Indian, a half-breed,
who, of course, took along his squaw
and her incumbrances, a rather brigbt,
copper-colored girl of fourteen or fif
teen, three or four smaller fry, their
number, ages and sex being quite im
material. "Running Antelopo" was
his tribal name, though Hank always
called him "Half-breed Jim" when re
ferring to him in mixed society of
which the latter was not a part- The
two had known each other and camped
together off and on for a score or more
of years. This summer they must have
had a particularly royal and hilarious
time, with the squaw to do their cook
ing, the kids to do the chores, venison
bleaks running free and thick in their
outdoor pantry, and trout fairly crowd
ing around every hook that was thrown
nto the streams. Such a state of
iUTairs means beatitude itself to an
Indian family and an old Rocky Moun
zaiu hunter, and that it was enjoyed
goes without saying.
One day, just about the time of our
wannest weather here, when the black
berries in the scattered brier patches
were luxuriantly ripe, old Hank had
laztty strolled out with his gun and
dog, ready for any thing which might
cross his path. Nothing showed up.
however the day was an exceedingly
sultry one in August and the old man
h.ad turned his face toward camp, and
vtas within two miles of it, when he
came out upon a little opening on a
.southern exposure that was fairly well
bet in blackberry bushes, now bending
under loads of ripe berries. They were
tempting, and the old fellow leisurely
browsed along the edge of the watch
' for some distance, picking only the
biggest and ripest berries as he went.
His dog had finally made a lazy excur
sion a Utile further down the hill to
the right, nosing about in a perfunctory
'way and keeping half an eye on hie
master as he slowly moved along.
The day was as calm as a Sabbath in
Eden; the Tieat was just enough to.be
relaxing;the air was soft and resinous
and slumber-provoking. The old man
moved sloiver and more and more felt
an inclination to lie down and take a
nap. He cast a glance ahead and saw;
that at the further side of the brier
patch was a yawning canyon, perhaps
fivt.huBur?d feet deep, that seamed the
mouataa sido for a long distance. Of
course be must retrace his steps. He
tersed to do so. Bt tie invitation of;
aatura to take a steete was alot irre-'
siotiMe. He had jtwt picked eut a nice;
spot in -which to surrender a bit of
thick green moss under the shade of a
tree and at the side of a big bowlder
vrhon he -was startled into the keenest
life and the utmost activity by a scream,
unmistakably from a female throat, and
pitched at a keynote of the utmost ter
ror. He turned toward the further side
of the patch. Thore he saw the bushes
in a state Of violent agitation at two
points, a slight figure in flight and a big
black one in hot pursuit, while the
screams kept tip, and mingled with
them were funny, short, sharp little
yelp3 and a queer sub-cellar bass ejacu
lation that seemed half howl and half
It was imnossible for half a minute
to tell what the mischief was up, and
', the old man, who had instinctively
started toward the scene of the commo
tion at the first sound, kept hi3 weather
eye-wide open and his finger upon the
the trigger of his Winchester. Pre
sently the figure of the screamer
emerged from the brier bushes, and
still under full headway, dashed ovor
the open ground, covered with mossy
rocks, that led to the edge of the canyon
and Hank saw that it was Papita, the
fifteen-year-old daughter of old Half
breed Jim, flying for dear life from a
big cinnamon bear that was fairly mak
ing a swath through the briers in pur
suit, and was now not more than two
rods behind her. Both were going 33
if the Old Harry was after them, and,
of course, it all happened almost in the
flash of an eye. From the reckless
way in which the girl ran toward the
edge of the canyon old Hank was sure
she either didn't know it was there or
was so frightened that she had forgot
ten it. Instinctively he called out:
"Look out tliar, Peet!" the name by
which the girl was known to him.
It was too late. The girl did try to
check her speed or to turn to one side,
Hank could not be certain which. He
saw her cast a glance over her
shoulder, catch a glimpse of the great,
angry beast behind her, whose blood
red eyes looked death at her, and
whose hot breath blew out threads of
thick spume that almost reached her.
She was then but a step from the edge
of the precipice. With a gesture of
despair the girl threw up her arms as
she fdunged forward, and -leaping
high into tho air, she cleared the
brink and disappeared into the yawn
ing depths of the dark canyon with a
wild shriok that fairly made the
hunter's blood run thick with cold
horror. He was near enough to "bear
her body strike and break the limbs of
a tree whose top was just visible from
where he stood, and then go, bumping
and rolling down the rocky, almost
perpendicular side of the canyon.
The whole thing was begun and over
so quickly, and was so entirely un
expected and out of the common, that
old Hank stood motionless for a few
seconds", during which time the bear
had halted by bracing on his haunches
and fairly scooting along on the moss-
covered rock, stopping at the brink
and looking stupidly over at the abyss
that had cheated it out of its prey.
Just behind the bear came two cubs
waddling along comically enough,
evory now and then making the funny
little yelp that had at first been heard.
The sight of them recalled the old man
to himself. Up went his rifle, and he
was just pulling the trigger when he
remembered that if he shot the bear
the carcass must fall over into the
canyon and be lost. With a muttered
curse, for the sight of poor Papita' s
death hud made him bloodthirsty, he
lowered the gun, to await the moment
when the bear should turn around.
Just then occurred one of those un
expected things for which neither man
nor bear is ever prepared. A mountain
oak grew near whore the bear stood
and a little back from the precipice. A
great limb stretched out toward the
canyon, and from it descended by a
tremendous spring a long, dark animal,
lithe and sinewy, which lit full upon
the shoulders of the unconscious bear
with a thud. The shock was a heavy
one, and the result must have been al
most as great a surprise to tho big
mountain lion for such the newcomer
was as to the bear. The impetus car
ried both auimals over the brink, and
at nearly the exact spot where the girl
had disappeared a few seconds before.
An instant later the sounds of a terri
ble conflict rose from the depths into
which they had plunged, mingled with
the hoarse growls of the bear and the
wild, ear-piercing cries of the moun
Hank ran to tho spot and peered
over. As he did so the cubs slunk
away into the bushes, and for once the
veteran hunter didn't so much as look
after a pair of fine young bears. What
he saw below him he can best tell him
self: "I uever"seed such a sight 'n my
born days, ner hcerd sich a growlin',
ner kem acrost sich a clawin' an'
scratchtn'; y' see, th' varmints hed
struck th' sidelin' trunk uv-s, tree what
growed a piece below, 'n' it kinder
throwed 'em catawumpus like back
to'rds th' hill, 'stid o' down into the
canyon, 'n' they'd lit in a sorter little
flat spot atween th' tree V the hill 'n'
got wedge'd in thar, both flat on ther
sides 'n' so clost tergether they didn't
git out noways jess like packed in a
"Neither one had enny advantage,
'a neither one cud git out, so they staid
thar'n fit. An' sich fitin'! Th' bar
tried t' hug'n cudn'tgit ahold. Hed t'
Lite, 'n th' lion kep up sich a motion it
uz discouragin" t' try. Th' lion' kep its
bind claus agoln' like greased lightin',
' every rake went through 'n fetched
blood n gen'lly more or less meat
Course It didn't take long t' git 't the
bar's inside flx'ns et thet rate. '.N all
tiais iime th' two kep up th' most
owdacjuous Jwwllns y' ever heerd.
Eeckiu h old mountln never heerd th'
like fore. How Jong I watched thet
fight f. don' no jnought or ben ten
xninits: mought ev ben two hours.
teeemed Jiko f. gudR't Jceep my eyes often
'em ziohow. FJnalJy th' "ion managed
t' squirm roun" sojse'fl kinder git on
top. Then I geed f ft' fun uz moatover.
He jess joaebully rjppd HP th' bar's
hally 'p. mhjhfy &OQn )v& ft bout
empty. Thetndai' figfct. But th'
bar uz.no stQuphT yiag jh lion uz got
so fer along th bar gjjitg a lipid on hU
aose 'lipoids ojd. ik frig death, H
'fits ,bJspws jMujftk' rr99'S glc
hugs e.rjdj Lji 0f4fa. A? tr &
th' bar laid still 'n jess kicked once 'n
awhile, but didn't let go neither hold.
The lion tried 'n tried, but couldn't git
loose. Then I kinder kem t! my senses
'n put a bullet in th' lion. He glv one
screech biggcr'n I'd heerd 'n giv a last
"Then I begun ter scratch ity head
'bout how I uz ter git thar carcasses
out o' thar. They uz down 'bout fifty
feet or more, n' no gittcn' 'em up thet
steep wall. Then I thought T hev ter
go down inter the canyon, ennyhow,
arter th' body 'o thet pore Injun gal,
little Peet, n' mebby I'd find a bit o'
life in her yit 'n cud tell th' old folks
sumthin' more cheerin' then thet lasl
jump into eternity o' hers; when. Lord
bless me, whadyer spose happened:
Thet blamed little Peet herself poked
her frowzy head from chind a rock
t'other side o' th' tree n' looked up at
me 'n smiled, 'n nodded, 'n said, 'Peet
all right' Ef ye couldn't a' knocked
me down with a feather, I'm a liar! I
wuz never ez glad t' see ennybody
afore in all my nachul born days. Cum
t' inquire 'n luk into th' thing, it
wasn't so blame wonderful. Th' gal
'd jumped right into the tree-top. Thet
ketched 'er, 'n what I'd thought uz her
a goin' down hill wuz only a bit o' rock
't shuk loose 'n rolled down th' canyon
She'd slipped down out o1 th' tree al'
right, an' jess got out o' th' way o' th
two varmint3 when they kem down,
too. She dodged ahind a rock 'n let
'em fight it out She uz out blackber
ryin' when she run across the old she
bar an' cubs on th' same arrant, 'n th'
bar 'd tuk arter her. Peet's close
wuzn't much when she got through
them briers, but barrin' some scratches,
the gal herself uz all right.
"They ain't much more t' tell. Peet
found a way up, 'n I went down n' took
off th' pelts 'n cut a right smart chance
o'bar meat fer Peet t' carry 't camp,
sted o' the berries she did't git Pve
got both skins out thar, 'n here's one
o' th' claws o' thet lion ter show fer
the day's work."
Tho old man hold up his trophy. If
he is as veracious as it was ugly and
sharp and wickedly suggestive, then
there can be no doubt of the truth" of
his story of a very unique and thrilling
Houses to Be Cooled In Snimner by Frost
That Comes Through l'Ipes.
The manufacture of cold is likely to
become a large industry. Earlier ef
forts, in the production of cold were
toward the manufacture of ice. Later
improvements were in the line of cooling-rooms,
where products could be
stored without the use of ice. This
method has been in successful opera
tion fer some time in large packing
houses. It is less troublesome and less
expansive than ice, but the process in
volves the use of brine with ammonia
and a large outlay of money for a plant
This process is effective only in large
concerns, and is limited to the produc
tion of moderately cold air, with tho
objectionable feature of dampness.
The newest process of refrigerating
produces a dry, cold air that carries
the thermomoter many degrees below
freezing point, and this degree of cold
can be produced so cheaply and is so
thoroughly under control that the
world is promised the luxury of frost
as cheap as heat or light The concern
in Chicago which controls this process
is located on the West Side in a pre
tentious building. In one room they
distill the ammonia, reducing tho re
fuse product from the gas house to a
pure liquid. This ammonia, known in
the trade as anhydrous ammonia, flows
in pipes to the cooling-rooms. This
pipe enters the rooms and id distrib
uted about the sides like ordinary
steam pipes. The liquid ammonia is
prevented from entering the pipes in
the rooms, but through a faucet the
gas or vapor which rises from the
liquid ammonia passes into the pipes in
the room. This vapor is what pro
duces cold, and the degree desired is
regulated by the amount of vapor that
is allowed to pass through the pipes.
The gas or vapor returns to the distil-ling-room
with its freezing properties
exhausted, and is made again into an
hydrous ammonia, and is again used
for freezing purposes.
Fruits are stored in a room cooled to
the temperature of forty degrees.
Meats for use in the near future are in
rooms a little cooler, and game and
delicate fishes for winter use are in the
coldest room. In this department the
thermometer registers twenty degrees
below zero, and the game birds and
lishes are frozen as hard and dry as it
would be possible to freeze them in the
dry cold air outdoors.
The practical ' uses to which this
method may be put do not end with
cooling and freezizg rooms in a large
establishment for this pure liquid
ammonia may be drawn off and carried
to a residence in a receptacle some
thing like a soda fountain, and from
this the gas can be forced through a
pipe iu a refrigerator and make that
storehouse as cold as may be desired.
So far the process has not been used
by families to uny extent,, but the pro
duction of the liquid ammonia is ajmat
ter of such trifling cost that a- raid
on the good housewife's kitchen
is contemplated, and the company
promise that the family refrigerator
shall be furnished with dry, cold air
cheaper than ice and serve the pur
pose better. Instead of the daily call
of the iceman the cold air fellow will
come around once in eight or ten days
with his little tank of frost-producer,
and after connecting it with the refrig
erator pipe carry away with him the
old tank of exhausted ammonia.
It is still further proposed to extend
the usefulness of this process by mak
ing "it a means of cooling residences.
Pipes may be laid in the streets just as
gas pipes are now laid, and as the
liquid ammonia will not freeze it may
bo run into a residence just as gas is,
and during the warm weather, instead
of sweltering in a hot room the house
holder may turn a.faucet and let the
ammonia vapor circulate through the
pipes around the ceiling of the room.
No one need suffer in his house or
office from host when this point has
been reached any more than he need
now suffer indoors from colds. Pipes
for a houao-cooling plant are now being
Mid in Denver, and during the coming
guipmer tho plan will be thoroughly
teated tbere Chicago Tribune.
WOMEN AS DOCTORS.
Female Phyiilclans In Every Branch o.
"It is only within the last twenty
ifve years that women have been per
soitted to enter medical colleges," said
1 graduate of the Woman's JMedical
Colleire of Chicasro. "The schools of
America were tho first to admit
women," continued Dr. Dickenson,
"and England was forced into conces
sion. Thirty years ago Mrs. Frances
Elizabeth Hoggan was obliged to leave
England and attend a school in Zurich
to get a medical education. A short
time afterward Mrs. Garrett Anderson,
now one of the most noted of female
physicians, as well as Mrs. Agnes Mc
Laren, had to leave Edinburgh to get
their education in Paris. It seems
stransre that a city liko Edinburgh,
boasting of the most perfect school
system in the world, had no place
where a woman might study medicine
if she were so inclined.
"There are now four medical col
leges in the United States, situated
at New York, Philadelphia, Balti
more and Chicago. There are, per
haps, one hundred and fifty fe
male physicians now practicing medi
cine in this city and many of them
are graduates of our own college.
Since its existence the college has sent
out two hundred graduates to follow
their profession and they are scattered
all over the world. Some are in Cali
fornia, others are in the East and a.
number are in Africa and India. Thoso
who have gone abroad and acting as
missionaries. It has been the custom
of foreign missionary societies to pay
for the education of young women,
providing they will pledge themselves
so act as missionaries for the space of
five years. Many intelligent girls
have taken advantage of this oppor
tunity to get an education, and after
serving their time will be independent
"Do women who become doctors in
cline to any particular branch of med
That depends on where they are lo
cated. If they settle in a large city,
where specialists can do well, many of
them choose some particular branch.
In Chicago some have taken up nerv
ous diseases and others the diseases
peculiar to women, while I chose to be
an oculist T& ' re also some who
are in general p. .1 .nd I have no
doubt there are .. '.n every special
branch of medicine. Now, I want to
tell you something you don't know.
There is no school in the world that
teaches students how to fit the frames
of spectacles, although this is fully as
important as that the frames should
have glasses in them. Unless the frame
is adjusted so that the center of tho
lens is directly before the pupil of the
eye the spectacles never give satisfac
tion, and injure the vision by wearing.
"Opticians have become very expert
in fitting spectacles because they study
the subject. They have to be respon
sible for the mistakes of oculists, and
have learned to place no dependence
on the opinion of the average doctor.
Physicians in the country have no pos
sible means of ordering spectacles that
will suit the eyes of their patients.
They may describe the strength of the
lens that they need, but unless the
frame is properly adjusted they might
as well not order the spectacles. Is it
not strange that this simple part of
every doctor's education has been neg
lected and that no college teaches it?"
The Pleasant and Unpleasant Things In
Little Freddy' Life.
My little nephew ran across a para
graph, somewhere, which said that
any body could save at least two hours
of wasted time a day by running on a
Freddy brought the clipping to me,
and asked what it meant. I told him
that I supposed that it meant that a
person could save two hours a day by
having all his work or amusement
planned and arranged beforehand
such and such a thing to be done at
such a time, aud another thing follow
ing directly after, and so on.
Freddy seemed so much interested
that 1 advised him to make out a time
table for himself, and try running on
it for a few days. He said he guessed
he would because two extra hour
a day would be a great help to him ir.
learning to strike out tho iellows, and
possibly would secure him the coveted
position of pitcher iu the school nine.
The next day Freddy submitted the
following to me:
645 to 7 Gettin up.
7 to 730 Bath and gettin reddy fer
730 to 8 Brekfus.
8 to 820 Prairs.
820 to 830 Hard study.
830 Start fer skool.
9 Get there (a feller must have sum
fun in life).
9 to 1030 Study and resite.
1030 to 1045 Reses (out to be longer).
1045 to 12 Study and resite.
12 to 1215 Goin fer lunch.
1215 to 1230 Eatin it
1230 to 1 Sloos of things. Playin ball
1 to S Skool agen. Tuffest part of the
3 Skool over. Fun begins.
3 to G Bace ball. Bisickle ridin.
Goin to walk (sumtimes with a gurl).
Slidin and skatin in "Winter. Flyin
kite. Bothrin the dog. Penuts. Goin
to ride with pa. Shoppin with ma
(wen I dont kno it befourhaqd).
Kandy. In bad wether readin. Sloos
df other things.
9 to 7 Dinner (grate time fer me.)
7 to 730 Nothin much. Dont feel
730 to 8 Pa gets dun with paper an
reads sunthin alowd.
8 Sez I must begin to study.
8 to 815" Kickin aginst it
815 to 915 Study.
915 Gwup to bed.
915 to 935 Windin waterbury watch.
935 to 945 Undressin and gettin into
945 till mornin. Grate big time with
dreems, but a feller cant stop to injoy
thing much. Wonder wy dreems cant
haag on more like reel things?
P. S. Ware do thoe too extry ours
umia? PatlTa9l0ur,iFiick. ,
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Thirty minutes spent in cleaning
up a team in the evening, may mean
an hour's gain in time the next day.
Do not forget to take care of the
tools and farm machinery as you cease
to use them for the season. They rep
resent money and you can not afford to
allow them to be ruined for want of
If one wants all the milk that can
be gotten from a cow, without refer
ence to its quality, juicy grains, green
corn fodder, brewers' grass, turnips
and roots having a large proportiou of
water in them, warm mashes and
sloppy food in general will produce it
A fair proportion of substantial food is
necessary to produce rich milk.
Spinach and carrots are not in
jured if stored outside in mounds, and
in sections where the winters are not
so severe they may be left in the rows,
with a slight covering. The proper
way to store them, however is in a
cellar, in bins, so as to easily handle
them when they are wanted for feed
ing. If the farm be on low, wet land a
proper system of drainage is of the first
importance, and when so drained such
a farm other circumstances equally
favorable pays on an average a larger
yearly profit than upland or hilly farms.
Excessive wet weather may ruin the
crops on the low farms, but not the
crops and land too, as is often done on
Those farmers who'have fat cattle
for sale should by all means let them go
if they can get a satisfactory price. H
by keeping thema.few weeks longer for
1 better price a few dollars may be
gained, how much will be spent in the
extra feeding? The common experi
ence of stock feeders is that there is
more profit in feeding good lean ani
mals than in continuing to feed stock
that is ready for sale and waiting for a
little better price that may never be
Oyster Sauce: Drain the liquor
from one pt of oysters. Melt two
ozs. of butter in a sauce pan, stir into
it one oz. of flour and add to this by
degrees the liquor from the oysters.
When the mixture boils throw into it
the oj'sters and boil all together until
the leaves of the fish begin to shrivel.
Throw in one-half teaspoonful of pep
per, one-half teaspoonful of salt and
one saltspoonful of grated nutmeg,
and, having boiled one-half pint of
milk in a separate saucepan, stir it in
also? then remove the saucepan from
the fire at once or the milk will curdle
and the sauce be ruined. Toledo Blade.
It is a well-known fact that soda
spoils lawns and percales- They
should be washed in tepid water, with
out soap, save just enough dissolved in
the water to render it smooth and easy
to use. Wash and rinse as expediti
ously as possible, turn and starch in
thin boiled starch, in which you have
dissolved enough white soap to make
it a trifle sudsy. Dry in the shade and
iron on the wrong side. Should the
articles have a figure of some bright
hue which is liable to fade, a generous
handful of salt will prevent it, by
U9ing it in the rinse water. Portland
The Proper "Way of Ventilating Hen
Ilouses 111 Winter.
In all poultry houses constructed I
have advised no ventilation whatever
in winter, other than the air that finds
an ingress to the openings into the yard
(which openings should be closed at
night, or when the doors or windows
are opened). In summer a ventilator
tube may be used, to let off the warm
air (it is not always foul); but in win
ter, while the doors may be open dur
ing the day, at night the house should
be closed as tightly as the rooms we
sleep in, for the chances that human
beings will suffocate will bo greater
than that hens will. Since trying the
no-ventilator plan I have been more
successful, and having persuaded oth
ers to try it, I can show evidence that
the birds thrive better and seldem have
roup. It is the cold air coming down
on the birds, or flowing freely around
them, that causes so many cases 01
roup, canker, etc., and if the poultry
house has no ventilator to let out tho
warm air, thereby creating a draught,
I will venture to say that where one
bird is lost by suffocation or foul
air, a dozen will be saved that would
otherwise die from too much fresh air.
As to foul air. there should be none.
No experienced poultryman ever al
lows his poultry house to get in a con
dition to produce foul air, as it is regu
larly cleansed, while the cold prevents
fermentation of the droppings of as in
gle night. As to the carbonic acid gas
exhaled, it is one of those myths that
never materialize. True, it is there;
but enough air comes in, and enough
gas goes out, to prevent danger until
morning. I have yet to find the suffo
cated fowl, or any injured by a close,
warm house; but the victims of the
ventilator tube are legion, and every
winter finds their number increased.
I know it is an arduous task to at
tempt to have the ventilator tubes
abolished from all poultry houses, for
the more, roup and disease the firmer
the belief that more cold air (t. c,
more cause of roup) is needed, and
boxes of pills, with all sorts of gargles
and washes, are resorted to in order to
undo tho mischief of freezing the poor
fowls with cold drafts, instead of hav
ing them snug and warm. I can not
imagine how the poultry-house should
be an exception to the dwelling-house,
stable, and other habitations of animals.
It is better to knock off a whole side of
the poultry-house, as no drafts are
thereby created, but the hole in the
roof is murderous. A dozen hens,
weighing only 50 pounds, are allowed
more ventilation than a cow weighing
600 pounds, and more consideration is
usually given the location of the venti
lator tube than in the arrangements of
the house. I hope readers will close
all ventilator holes this winter, for ex
periment and trust to the fresh air
coming in without attempting to flow it
in, and, my word for it those ihat do
so will be surprised to note the differ
ence between the damage done by ven
tilator" holes and the success obtained
by tightly closing them, Sural Nao
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
Paper treated with a mixture of
camphor oil and linseed oil becomes
Girls are beginning to look toward
dentistry as a field where their wits
and industry may win a fair reward.
The vanilla bean grows wild in
Mexico, and, fresh from the forest sells
at ten or twelve dollars per 1,000.
Prussian blue is -got by fusing
horses' hoofs and other refuse animal
matter with impure potassium carbon
ate. It's well known that there are ab
solutely no genuine chamois skins in
the market; but notwithstanding, an
English firm is manufacturing a new
cloth in imitation of the imitation skins.
They will be just as good as the real
skins, it is claimed, and will be sold as
With. Edison's new phonograph
tubes are fitted to the compositors'
ears and connected with the instru
ment, which is set to talking or stopped
by a pedal arrangement The phono
graph talks off a sentence into the
printer's ears, and when these are full
he stops tho machine until he has
transformed the words into type.
In the ordinary sixteen candle
power incandescent lamp, according to
Prof. Ernest Merritt, onlyfrom four
to six per cent of the energy actually
expended is available as light, tho re
mainder being wasted as heat To
lessen this waste is one of tho greatest
electrical problems now awaiting solu
tion. A noted French scientist has
reached the conclusion after numerous
experiments, that the most brilliant
displays of the aurora borealis occur at
an elevation of not more than thirty
eight miles, while a pale glow may
possibly be produced as high as eighty
two miles, but that no auroral discharge
is possible at a height of 124 miles.
Oil of peppermint in vapor diluted
even to a part in 100,000 will kill cock
roaches in an hour, they dying in con
vulsions. One drop of the oil placed
under a bell-jar covering a cultivation
of cholera bacilli will kill both bacilli
and spores in forty-eight hours. It is
also regarded as among the best surgi
cal antiseptics, and of great value in
phthisis and diphtheria.
Dr. Richardson, of London, who
has given great attention to the subject
of human food, says that "neither the
teeth nor the digestive system of man
is adapted properly for animal food,
nor for a purely vegetable diet, but for
one of fruit." If man is to be classed
according to his adaptation to any par
ticular kind of food, he should not be
called a flesh-eating or a vegetable-eating,
but a fruit-eating animal.
Concussion of the brain is scienti
fically defined as "being, in a physio
logical sense, a sudden and more or
less complete arrest of the brain's men
tal and physical functions, brought
about by external violence. In every
case of injury to the head the brain is
made to vibrate more or less forcibly.
When the vibrations are feeblo the in
jury to the brain structure thence re
sulting is but slight; when they are
severe the mischief maybe great."
FROGS AND SNAKES.
Some Facts From the Snakery of the
Kins: of Oude.
The late King or Oude had built a
snakery in the gardens of his palace at
Garden Reach, near Calcutta. It was
an oblong pit about thirty feet long by
twenty feet broad, the walls being
about twelve feet high and perfectly
smooth, so that a snake could not
crawl up. In the center of the pit
there was a large block of rough ma
sonry, perforated so that it was as full
of holes as a sponge. In this honey
combed block the snakes dwelt, and
when the sun shone brightly they came
out to bask or to- feed.
His Majesty used to have live frogs
put into the pit, and amused himself by
seeing the hungry snakes catch the
frogs. When a large snake catches a
small frog, it is all over in an instant,
but if a smallish snake catches a larg
ish frog, so that he can not swallow ii
at once, the frog's cries are piteous to
hear. Again and again I have heard
them while out shooting, and have gone
to the bush or tuft of grass from which
the piercing cries ame sometimes in
time, sometimes too late to save poor
froggy though tho snake generally got
shot As a final story let me tell how
a frog has been seen to turn the tables
on the snake.
Two gentlemen in Cachar some years
ago saw a small snake seize a small
frog and attempt to swallow it But
suddenly a large frog jumped forward,
seized the snake's tail, and began to
swallow the snake. How the affair
might have ended can not be told, be
cause my friends imprudently drew
near to- watch the combat, when the
frogs and snake took alarm, and the
big frog disgorgedjthe snake's tail, and
the snake released the little frog, and
they all scuffled off. But the tale is
perfectly true, and both the gentlemen
who saw it are still alive; and I only
regret that it was not my good luck to
see the affair with my own eyes.
Chinese Have No Nerves.
The North China Herald says the
quality of "nervelessness" distinguishes
the Chinaman from the European. The
Chinaman can write all day, work all
day, stand in one position all day,
weave, beat gold, carve ivory, do in
finitely tedious jobs for ever and ever,
and discover no more signs of weari
ness and irritation than if he were a
machine- This quality appears early
in life. There are no restless, naughty
boys in China. They are all appall
ingly good, and will plod away in
school without recesses or recreation
of any kind. The Chinaman can do
without exercise. Sport or play seems
to birn so much waste labor. He can
sleep anywhere amid rattling machin
ery, deafening uproar, squalling chil
dren and quarreling adults. He can
sleep on the ground, on the floor, on a
bed, on a chair, in any position. It
would be ea3y to raise in China an army
of amillionmen nay, often millions
tested by competitive examination as to
their capacity to go to sleep across three
wheelbarrows, head downward like a
spider, their mouths wide open and a
GENERAL BAMK1NB BUSINESS
Gives Especial Attention to CoUcdiois
Bays and Sells Foreign and D
Negotiates Mortgage Loans
jyAll business promptly attended to. D7.
(Malott & Company.)
mimi, - - - KANSAS.
Transacts a general banking business
No limit to our liability.
1. W. MCE, D. E. GORDEN, JOBS
J0HSTZ, W. B. GILES AKD
T. H. MALOTT.
T. H. MALOTT. Cashier.
J. E. Bonebrakk, Pres. Thzo. Mosheb, Casl
HRST NATIONAL BANIj
OS a Ht iiuw trt-
Capltal, $75,000. Surplus, $15,909t
STAMBAUGB", HURD & DEWEY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
T. S. BARTON, Prep'r,
Bespe5tftilly Invites the citizeHS f Abi
lene to his Bakery, at the old Kellen
rtand, on Third street, where ke- ha'
toBStantly a supply of the best
to be found In the city. Special orders
For anything in my line promptly $f
tended to on short notice.
T. S. BIRTOfl.
Respectfully inform all who intend
building in Manchester and vicinity
that they are prepared to furnish
PMerlDi :-: Material
AS LOW AS THE LOWEST.
Call and get estimates oefon
M, T. GOSS & CO.,
ST. LOUIS MD THE E1ST.
S Daily Trains
Siuisas City and St. Lois, So.
Sqorpped -with Pullman palace Blaeper
mad Bttffe Cars.
FBEE RECLINING CHAIR GABS
asd Blegant Coaches.
THE HOST DIHSCT IJN2 TO
TEXAS and the SOUTH.
& Daily Trains 2
a principal points in th
L.ONE STAB STATE.
IRON MOUNTAIN BOUHE
Xnaphls, Mobil, Hew Orleans aad priaeip!
aities In Tonnes, Mississippi, Alar
baoa and Louisiana. oKr
tax tae oboIc of
O ROUTES O
TO NEW ORLEANS.
Tor Tickets. Sleeping Car Berths sad fart&e
laXarsaaticH, apply to aearest Ticket sfest e
J. S. I.TOX, W. P. A, mjiUm street,
KtniM Otjr, Ma.
W. H. ygWMAK. gea. Tntae Miaajer,
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