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IT COULD NOT HAPPEN NOW.
:Ere country ways had turned to street,
And long ere -wc were horn,.
.Aladandlass would chance to meet,
And often she'd neglect her task,
The willows bowed to nudge the brook,
The cowslips nodded gay.
And he would look and 6he would look,
And both would look away.
"Set each and this is so absurd
Would dream about the other.
&nd she would never breathe a word
To that good dame, her mother.
Our girls are wiser now,
Twas very quaint, 'twas very strange,
"Extremely strange, you must allow.
2ear me! how modes and customs change;
It could not happen now.
TZcxt day that idle, naughty lass
Would rearrange her hair,
.And ponder Ion? before the glass
Which bow she ought to wear;
And seldom care to chat.
And make her mother frown, and ask:
"Why do you blush like that!"
And now she'd haunt with footsteps slow
That mead with cowslips yellow,
Down which she'd met a week ago
That stupid, staring fellow.
Our girls are wiser now.
'Twas very quaint, 'twos very strange,
Extremely strange, you must allow.
Dear me I how modes and customs change I
It could not happen now.
.And as for him, that foolish lad,
He'd hardly close an eye.
And look so woe-begone and sad,
He'd make his mother cry.
"He goes," she'd say, "from bad to worse t
My boy so blithe and brave.
Last night I found him writing verso
About a lonely grave 1"
.And. lol next day her nerves he'd shock
With lau;h and song, and caper;
And there ! she'd find a golden Jock
Wrapped up in tissue paper.
Our boys are wiser now. .
'Twas very quaint, 'twas very strange.
Extremely strange, you must allow.
Dearme! how modes and customs change!
It could not happen now.
E. Langbrulge, in Good Word.
A DESPERATE FLIGHT.
lerrible Experiences of a Political
Exile in Bussia.
In the year 1S4G, Siooinski. Bogdaszewski,
and L with the three Russian soldiers who
guarded us, occupied a small shed near the
great distilleries of Ekaterininski-Zovod, in
It was a poor little dwelling. The wind
-whistled and the snow drifted through the
cracks in the boarding-, but it had the in
estimable advantage of separating in some
degree our daily life from that of the con
victs, association with whom is ono of the
liardest of the exile's many trials.
All the workmen at Ekaterininski-Zovod
Tvere prisoners (and as a matter of course
;a!so exiles), aad by far the greater propor
tion were convicts. The position of political
prisoners in such an establishment is neces
sarily full of suffering, and my two friends
and I had drunk the bitter cup to the dregs.
"Wo were Polish nobles and Polish patriots,
and had each passed separately the trial and
imprisonment in irons which had followed
our participation in the conspiracy of 1S40-1.
Kiftcinski and Bogdaszewski preceded me to
Siberia, and there, alas! I left them.
I pass over the first five years of my exile,
-with its toils and trials, and will merely ob
serve that the permission to build and oc
cupy a dwelling apart had been granted to
my two friends and myself as a reward for
diligence and good conduct.
Onr throe guards never left us by day or
might, but they drew apart during tho long
evenings, and either lept or feigned to do
jso, while wo talked together of our beloved
country and the irrevocable past.
Of one subject, and that the one probably
.most constantly in our minds, we never
.-apoko at alL No one of us whispered the
-word "escape," and I do not yet know wheth
er my two friends have succeeded in doing
so or not. But this I know, that if still in
in captivity they ponder through all the
"hours of every day tho exile's problem,
twhen and how to escape. Alas 1 how many
die tvithout solving it! From the moment
of my arrest I had resolved upon flight, and
a knowledge of tho terrible punishments in
Hicted by tho Russian government, not only
-upon fugitives, but upon all who aid a fugi
tive, had induced mo to determine to take
aio one into iny confidence.
Jly occupation during tho last four years
of my imprisonment had been that of cor
responding clerk in tho Bureau of the Dis
tilleries, and 1 had in that way been brought
in contact with merchants and peasants
Irom all parts of Siberia, and had acquired
a. very thorough knowledge of tho geography
of the country, of its customs and its inhab
itants. In the latter part of the year 1S45I
liad made three attempts to escape, which,
iortunatcly for mc, remained undiscovered
These failures were, however, of uee to
me. since in consequence of them I was in
duced to try the route which proved tho
way to freedom. Tho choice of a route is
of the greatost consequence to a fugitive
when beginning his perilous journey. The
high-road from Siberia to the center of Rus
sia is the one oftencst taken, because the
most direct and the easiest. But for this
very reason it is incomparably tho most
dangerous. Tho survoillanco thero exer
cised by tho'governmont is one of unceasing
"vigilance, and it is ably seconded by tho in
habitants, whose zeal and rapacity are con
tinually on tho alert. Tho Tartars have a
saying with regard to the fugitives from
Siberia: "If you kill a squirrel you have
"but his single skin, but if you kill a 'car
nak' " (a term of contempt applied to pris
soncrs), "you have three his clothes, his
ahirtand himself" (tho reward forgiving
tip the man to lusticc). Five other roads re
mained, all less dangerous than tho one
above alluded to, but far moro difficult and
-wearisome. I decided to go northward,
.across the Oural Mountains and the steppes
of Petchara and Archangel to Archangel, a
xoute which was not only tho least used,
"but had also the immense advantage of be
ing tho shortest, for, once at Archangel, I
"liopod to be able to escape in one of the
many foreign ships always to be found in
I bad for many months been accumulat
ing ono by one, with great secresy and no
small difficulty, tho articles indispensable
lo iny flight.
First among these was a passport. The
Siberian peasant is fond of traveling, and
the law requires him to be provided with
two passports, one for small distances, that
Is, from village to village, and another,
sealed with tho lmp3rial arms, and bearing
the government stamp.
I succeeded in fabricating tho one and the
other. I also procured a Siberian wig, that
Is to say, the hood called wig worn by all
peasants in Siberia. It is made of sheep's
liide, thowooltarned inward, and covers the
forehead dowa to the eyes, and comes well
forward over the cheek, making for one
ziot in the habit of wearing it a disguise al
jnost as complete as a mask or domino. I
liad also succeeded in procuring a peasant's
-costume, and had .accumulated the sum of
160 rubles (about 200 francs) a small sum
for such a long journey, and destined to bo
-diminished still further by a fatal accident.
On the night of the Sth of February, 1846,
I crept out of the hut while my companions
-were "sleeping. My enterprise was a des
perate ono at any time, and I had selected
this month because of the great yearly fair
atlrbir, which attracted a great crowd of
people from all parts of Siberia, among
-whom I hoped to pass unperceived. I wore
three shirts; the outer one hung over my
licavy pantaloons of Russian cloth, and my
.peasant's waistcoat and "armlak" (a short
t&urccose of sueep-skin soaked in tallow)
were bound round my waist with red, black
and white woolen sash. Long boots of
tarred rawhide met the edge of the
armiak," and on my wig I wore the round
cap of red velvet bordered with fur which
every Siberian peasant sports on fete-days.
An enormous furred pelisse, the collar of
which was turned up and tied round my
neck with a handkerchief, furred gloves,
and a heavy stick completed my accoutre
ment. In the leg of my right boot I had a
poniard, my money was in my waistcoat,
and I carried a bag containing a pair of
pantaloons of blue linen, a shirt, and a pair
of boots, as well as some bread and dried
I slipped noiselessly out of the hut, and
crept round a crossway in order not to gain
the high road immediately.
It was freezing hard and bitter cold; the
bright moonlight glittered on the snow. I
soon crossed the frozen Irtisch, and walked
at a rapid pace along the high-road, reflect
ing that the nights in Siberia were long, and
calculating how far I could go before day
light, when my flight must inevitably be
discovered. Suddenly I heard far behind
me the noise of a sledge advancing at full
speed. I shuddered, but nevertheless re
solved to hail it when it passed me. I was
saved that trouble.
"Where are you going!" said the peasant
who drove the sledge, coming to a dead halt
"And where did yon come from!"
"From the village of Zalininia."
"Give me sixty kopeks" (ten cents,) "and
I will take you to Tara, where I am going
"No; it is too dear; fifty kopeks" (eight
cents,) "if you like."
"Very well; get in, quick!"
I did so, and tho horses set off at a tearing
gallop. The road was as smooth as a polished
floor, the cold stinging; in half an hour we
were at Tara. The peasant left me in the
street and drove off. I approached the win,
dow of the inn, and shouted in a loud voice
after the Russian fashion.
"Are there horses!"
"Where to go?" responded a sleepy voice
from the interior.
"To the fair at Irbit."
"There are horses."
"Yes, a pair."
"How much the verst!"
"I can not give so much; six kopeks!"
"Too little but-you can have them."
In a few minutes the horses were ready
and harnessed to the sledge.
"Where do you come from!" said the
landlord, as I tooic my place in the sledge.
"From Tomsk; I am the clerk of Messrs.
N . My master has gone on to tho fair,
and I am very late; he will be angry; and if
you will reach there in time, I will give you
"The peasant whistled to his horses, and
they set off at full speed. Suddenly the
sky clouded over, the snow began to fall,
the wind rose; we were in a whirlwind of
light, fine snow. My peasant lost his way,
and then lost heart, and confessed that he
had done so. I will not attempt to describe
the terrible agony of that night passed in a
sledge, not twelve miles from Ekaterininski-Zovod,
in the midst of a tempest of
At last day began to break.
"Let us return to Tara," I said; "I will
engage some one who knows the road, and
you shall be given up to the police for hav
ing made me lose so much time."
But with daylight my conductor recovered
himself and found the road. From that
moment he made every effort to make up
for the time already lost, and drove with
lightning speed. But I was not satisfied.
What fugitive ever is so! A horrible
thought haunted me. I remembered the
fate of our poor Colonel Wysocki, who, after
having been delayed for a night in the forest
by his guide, was delivered in tho morning
to the gendarmes. Was I to be so treated!
and I grasped ray poniard. Vain fears!
Untast suspicions! My peasant drove me
to Sn inn, where I drank some tea and
changed horses. In this way I drove on all
through that day and far into the night,
where, at my last halting-place, the village
of Soldatskaia, I was, while drinking tea in
a crowded cabaret, robbed of forty rubles in
paper (about eighty francs) and of the en
velope in which they were contained, which,
alas! also contained a list of the villages
through which I had to pass on my journey
to Archangel, and also my passport.
One thing sustained mo in the face of this
terrible loss, and that was tho utter im
possibility of doing any thing but go on. I
continued my journey, therefore and on the
third day of my flight found myself at the
gates of Irbit, and a thousand kilometres
from Ekaterininski-Zovod. "Halt! and
show your passport!" exclaimed the guard
at the city gate. Fortunately for me, he
added in a whisper: "Give me ten kopeks,
and be off with you."
I hastened to comply with his demand,
and soon after found myself in a crowded
inn of the poorest class and among a swarm
of peasants from all parts of Siberia. I an
nounced that I had left my passport with
tho authorities, and the next moruing after
breakfast I slipped out, avowedly to get it
and show it to the landlord, but really for
the purpose of leaving Irbit, which I did at
once, and unchallenged, by the northern
gate. During the night, while apparently
asleep, I had reviewed my resources, and
had come to the conclusion that I could no
longer proceed in sledges nor sleep in even
the poorest inns, but must husband to the
utmost the 125 francs which remained. I
walked therefore all through the day, from
time to time munching the frozen bread and
dried fish which I carried in my bag, and
quenching my thirst at tho holes cut by the
peasants in the ice for tho purpose of water
ing their cattle. When night began to
draw in, I resolved to prepare an Ostiak
burrow to sleep in.
Where the snow is deep and dry it is not
by any means impossible to sleep warmly in
the very heart of a forest, provided always
that one knows how to prepare an Ostiak
burrow. This is done by hollowing a sort
of horizontal cave in the snow. Into this
the Ostiaks creep, and after piling- up the
snow at the entrance of the burrow, so as to
exclude the cold air, they lie down and sleep
in perfect security and warmth. I succeeded
perfectly in preparing my Ostiak bed, but I
was imprudent enough to cover myself with
the furred side of my pelisse turned inward,
and slept so warmly in consequence that tho
snow melted at the door of my burrow and
let in the cold air, so that I woke at day
break with my feet almost frozen, and had
to rise and begin my journey at once. It was
a terrible day. Tho work of toilingthrough
the snow was hard enough, but toward noon
rose tho terrible icy wind of Siberia, which
drove in my face with blinding force, and
whirled masses of dry light snow before it.
Still, I toiled on. The short day was closing
in when I had to confess to myself that I
must rest or die. Fortunately I was near a
small solitary hut, and I knocked at the
door. It was at once opened by a young
woman, who motioned me to enter. I saluted
her and her mother in the Russian fashion,
and in reply to tho usual inquiry where I
was going, and "where the good God was
leading me," I answered that I was a work
man from the government of Tobolsk, and
was going northward to the iron founderies
of Bohotsk. The woman gave me a hot sup
per, and I had the infinite relief of being able
to take oft and dry my clothes. I then
stretched myself on a bench and fell asleep,
with an indescribable sensation of relief
and contentment. I thought that I had neg
lected no precaution, nevertheless the wo
men began to suspect me. I had four shirts
too great luxury for a Siberian. I was
sinking into a deep sleep when I was awak
ened by a rude grasp on my shoulder, and
saw myself surrounded by four peasants,
who demanded my passport.
And what right have yon to demand my
passport?"! exclaimed in feigned anger.
"Is one of you a government officer!"
"None of us, it is true, but we are at
Is that true!" I asked, turning to aa old.
"Yes; they are from this village."
"Well, then." I replied, "I will tell you
that my name is Lavrenti Kouzmine, from
the government of Tobolsk, and that I am
going to Bohotsk to seek work."
"Forgive us, little father," responded the
peasants. "We are excusable, you see, for
there are often escaped convicts about."
The rest of the night passed comfortably
and quietly, but the next morning I break
fasted and bade farewell to the women, with
the melancholy certainty of passing my
nights in future in the heart of the forest.
The demand for a passport had shown me
how dangerous it was for me to frequent
the haunts of men. For many a night after
ward, therefore, the 03tiak burrow was my
sole refuge, and I became so accustomed to
it that at close of day I entered the forest as
if it were a well known hostlery.
From the loth or 16th of February to tho
first week in April I journeyed northward,
only thrice venturing to seek shelter in a
house. I suffered much. The absence of
all civilized comforts, and especially of hot
food, a privation more difficult to bear than
any other on such a long cold journey,
almost brought me to the grave. Then, too,
I had constantly to struggle against that dis
position to sleep which is death in such a
case aa mine.
It was at Paouda, high up in the Oural
Mountains, that I slept in a house for the
second time after le aving Irbit. I was pass
ing late at night through a village, when a
voice from one of tho izbas (huts) called out:
"Who goes there!"
"Are you going far?"
"O, very far."
"Well, if you choose, come In and sleep in
"May the God reward you!" I exclaimed
as I entered the door. "But shall I not be a
trouble to you?"
"How should you trouble us? "We are not
yet in bed. Come in."
My two good kind hosts an old peasant
and his wife gave me a meager supper,
which was to mo a feast. In the morning I
breakfasted with them, and for my food and
bed they refused any recompense. As I
prepared to leave them, the old man said:
"A little beyond Paouda you will find a
corps de garde, who will look at your papers
and give you all the information about your
I was, of course, very careful to avoid the
corps de garde, and journeyed on as before,
buying my provisions at the izbas during
the day, but sleeping in the forest at night.
I reached tho summit of the Oural Moun
tains on a clear, calm night in March. The
moon was at the full, and lit up a landscape
at once magnificent and strange, where
gigantic rocks and trees cast their shadows
on a vast expanse of snow. AJ silence pro
found and solemn reigned over alL Every
now and then a hard metallic ring was
audible. It was the snapping of the stones
caused by tho intense cold. A few days
afterward I passed through Solikamsk, and
went on over the steppe of Petchara toward
Veliki-Oustioug. The journey was always
the same tho samo vast snow-covered
plains, the samo deep forests, the same icy
winds, and for me always my toilsome
march, my Ostiak burrow, and now and
then a less meager repast in an izbouchka
(a sort of peasant inn).
These izbouchkas were my greatest
temptation. I dared not think of sleeping in
them. But a littlo hot soup ! How ardently
I longed to stop and buy some, and eat it in
a warm room ! I could not venture to do
this often, and ono night when, after losing
my way in a whirlwind of snow, I found my
self without bread, and racked by acute
pain as well as hunger, I writhed in my
burrow and prayed for death. When morning
broke I found I could not walk. After sev
eral attempts I sank unconscious on the
snow. How long I lay there I do not know.
I was aroused by a loud voice. A stranger
stood beside me, who inquired what I was
doing in the forest.
I answered that I had lost my way ; that
I was f roia Tchordine, and was making a
pilgrimage to tho monastery at Solovetsk,
but that I was dying of hunger.
"It is not surprising that you should have
lost your way in such a storm," answered
the man. "I do so often, though I am from
this district, and know the forest welL Now
So saying he held a bottle to my month,
and I drank. It contained some excellent
brandy, which revived me at oncerbut at the
same time burned so terribly that I fell on
the snow in convulsions. My good friend
soothed me, and gave me some bread and
dried fish, which I devoured eargerly. We
then sat at tho foot of a tree, and my com
panion explained that he was a trapperr and
was now on his way home with the game
which he had caught. He added that he
would remain with me until I felt calmer
and stronger, and would then conduct me to
the nearest izbouchka.
"I thank you with all my heart. May tho
good God reward you !"
"Eh! for what then?" he answered,
kindly. "We are Christians."
He afterward supported me to the door of
the izbouchka, where he bade me farewell,
recommending me to God.
An immense relief was mine as I crossed
tho threashold of the izbouchka, but I had
scarcely done so when I fell senseless to
the floor. I recovered in half an hourand
asked for some warm soup, but I could not
swallow it. I fell asleep on a bench at mid
day, and never stirred for twenty-four
hours, when I was awakened by my host,
who was anxious. He was an honest man,
and his kindness and sympathy redoubled
when ho learned that I was making a pious
pilgrimage to the monastery of Solovetsk;
He begged me to stay several days,, but
I dared not do so, and on the following
morning I resumed my journey. I reached
the gates of Veliki-Oustioug on the 11th of
April, and there in my rolo of pilgrim lodged
in a humble inn with many others, all bound
for the monastery of Solovetsk.
At Veliki-Oustioug wo were all obliged to
remain for a month, in order to await the
thawing of tho Dvina. The month over. I
agreed, as did many other pilgrims, to row
in a boat going to Archangel. Each of us
received fifteen rubles. We reached Arch
angel in a fortnight, and most of my com
panions pressed on to the monastery. I
pretended fatigue, and for several days-1
huantedthe quays in the hope of discovering
a French vessel. Alas ! not one was in port,
and on the deck of every vessel, Russian
and foreign, paced a Russian soldier, armed
to the teeth. This precaution is taken in
order to prevent the escape of exiles by way
of Archangel. Af tor a week passed in this
mannor I became aware that I wa3 watched,
and I decided most reluctantly to abandon
the hope which had hitherto sustained me,
that of escaping from the port of Archangel.
I therefore, in order to disarm, suspicion,
took the road to Solovetsk. I had not then
decided what to do, but as I journeyed on I
came to the conclusion that the safest plan
would be for me to make the pilgrim jour
ney, as it is called; that is, to-go from
Solovetsk to Onega, and thence- to the
shrines of Novgorod and Kiew. The pil
grim disguise had hitherto served me well,
and it continued to do so.
I never reached Solovetsk, but took boat
at Vyteggra (opposite Solovetsk) for St.
Petersburg. I with several other pilgrims
was engaged to row, and as we were paid
f airly well, I arrived at St. Petersburg with
nearly sixty rubles in my pocket.
I had now come to the most difficult point
of my flight, which seemed more desperate
than ever. Still, in my pilgrim disguise, I
took my modest lodging, and was greatly
relieved when my landlady (a washer
woman) advised me not to go- to tho police
office with my passport because she would
be obliged to accompany me, and woulg
therefore lose much precious time.
I left SL Petersburg on the afternoon, of
the next day in a boat bound for Riga, and
thence walked on through Coarland and
Lithuania, and passed the Prussian frontier
in safety. I had changed my disguise, and
when obliged to explain myself, said that I
was a dealer In pig skins. I thus succeeded
without difficulty of any kind in getting as
far as Koenigsburg, but there, on the eve of
I of my departure for Poscn, I was arrcstoa
and imprisoned as "not bein able lo give
an account of myself."
I passed a month in prison, a prey to tor
turing anxiety, and then no'thing having
been proved against me I wM released,
and ordered to quit Koenigsburg' immedi
ately. I had found an opportunity to con
fess my identity to a French gentleman liv
ing In the neighborhood, and to his generous
assistance, and to that of some of the inhab
itants of EToenigsburg whom he had inter
ested in my story, I owed the means of
traveling so rapidly that I soon crossed the
French frontier. On the 22d of September,
eight months after leaving Ekaterininski
Zovod, I saw before me the lights of Paris.
My desperate flight was accomplished! God
in His mercy had brought me to a safe
haven. I write these lines far from the
scene of my dreary exile, far, alas! from the
brave compatriots who suffered with me.
Some, I know, are no longer among the
living, others still languish in captivity.
May God have mercy alike upon the living
and the dead I From the Polish by Jtrs. Launt
Thompson, in Harper's Bazar.
How History Is Taught in One of Washing
ton's Public Schools.
History is taught in a novel way in
Washington, and the pupils are taught
in a practical way that seems worthy
of emulation. According to a gentle
man who recently went through a
school in that city, the following plan is
The other day he visited tho room of
Dr. Roush, the principal of the school
in the rienry building, ile was
motioned to a seat and tho work of the
school proceeded without interruption.
It soon became apparent that some
thing of unusual interest was taking
place. The face of every member of
the school was ablaze with interest
and enthusiasm, and frequent "points
of order" and "constitutional refer
ences" were suggested. The visitor
saw that an election of some sort was
taking place, and in due time the bal
lots were cast, tellers appointed and
the votes counted. The result was the
nomination of two presidential tickets,
at which point the hour for closing had
arrived and the school dismissed.
"That," said Doctor Roush, answer
ing the visitor's inquiry, "is a prac
tical way wo have of teaching history.
We have just finished the study of that
Dart of the Constitution pertaining to
the election of the President and Vice
President, and now wo are doing tho
practical work. The balloting you
have just witnessed was in the conven
tion, and we have now nominated our
tickets. I divide the school into two
factions or parties, and each party is
allowed to nominate a ticket. The can
didates are members of the school,, and
no little interest is taken in them. The
pupils do the practical work, and
when they are at loss to know how to
proceed, the constitution is consulted.
After the electors are chosen they vote
and send the result to the proper body
In case of a tie on either President or
Vice President we resolve ourselves
into the House or Senate, as the case
maybe, and decide the contest. We do
the work as nearly as possible that is
actually done in our National elections,
and instead of merely reading what is
usually dull constitutional matter, we
take up the real work and study be
comes one "biuitense interest to the
scholars." w ,
"Do you find that tho scholars have
much of an idea of an election herein
the District of Columbia?"
"No; not as much as those who live
where they may witness several elec
tions a year, and. this fact alone makes
it doublv interesting to them. To
morrow, at the history hour, the elec
tors will be chosen and tho manner of
choosing therais.the subject for study."
"I emphatically believe in teaching
those under my care the practical ap
plication of knowledge. Knowledge
that can't be applied is useless in tho
majority of case3. There is too much
useless book lore taught everywhere.
Girls and boys tocx frequently leave
our public schools- with their brain
crammed with impracticable rubbish
and data. They should be taught to
think and reason, to develop and ap
ply, to analyze and. construct. Such
minds are in demand in practical life.
Such men and women-become the great
and stanch motor powers of our land.
N. Y. Mail and Express.
The Most Common Way. of Giving Offense
in an Unconscious Way.
Some people are perpetually giving
offense in the most unconscious way.
"Now, do let me propose you as a
member," says Smith. "But suppose
they blackball me?'r replies Brown.
"Pooh! Absurd! Why, my dear fel
low, there's not a- man in the club that
knows you even!!'" A lady very de
sirous of concealingrthe awful fact that
she is the same ago- as her husband,
observed to a visitors "My husband is
forty; there are just five years between
us." "Is it possible?" was the unguard
ed reply of her friend. "I give you my
word, you look as.young as ho does."
As unexpected must have been the re
ply of the husband whose wife said:
"You have never- taken me to the
cemetery." "No,.daar," he answered;
that is a pleasure-1 have yet in antici
pation." It is- related of a portrait
painter that, having recently painted
the portrait of a, lady, a critic who had
just dropped in to. see what was going
on in the studio,, exclaimed: "It is
very nicely painted; but why do you
take such an. ugly model?" ''It. is my
mother," calmly re-plied tho artist "O,
pardon, a thousand times!" from, tho
critic in great confusion. "I ought to
have perceived, it. She resembles you
completely." On a similar occasion, a
facetious friend, inspecting a portrait,
said to the artist r "And this is Tom
Smith, is it? Dear, dear! And I re
member hinv such a handsome, jolly-
looking chap- a month ago. Dear, dear!
From the following, it would seem that
the- ceremonious Orientals are not
above marring their politeness by an
occasional speech apropos of the sub
ject in hand. Some European ladies.
1 passing through Constantinople, paid a
visit UlMruiiumgiA J.UHU3U liuiuuuu-
ary. The host offered tiem refreshments
I including a variety of sweetmeats, al
ways taking care to. give one of the
ladies double the quantity he gave to
the others. Flattered by this marked
attention, sheputthe question, through
the interpreter; "W.hy do you servo
me more liberally than the rest?"
"Because you have a larger mouth,'
was the straightforward reply. Chris
tian at Trorfo
Why Democracy Will Never Recover"
from the Blow It Hecently Received.
The recent Presidential election will
pass into history as a remarkable one
in many respects. But the most re
markable thing about it is the fact
that the Republican party, which was
supposed by many intelligent people
to have fulfilled its mission, and to
have gone out of power forever, sud
denly bestirred itself, and practically
annihilated the two or three parties
that were opposed to it the Demo
cratic party, which was in possession
of the Government; the Prohibition
party, which loudly claimed the suc
cession four years hence, and the Labor
party which, a month before,, threat
ened to capture three or four large
It is a difficult matter for any one in
his sober senses to imagine how any
ono of these three defeated parties can
ever take the field again in National
politics. The Prohibition party and
the Labor party have literally col
lapsed. They developed so little
strength in the contest that no one
knows, and no one has yet cared, to
inquire, how many votes they polled.
The Democratic party made a gigantic
effort and polled an immense voto, but
was completely overcome in almost
every Northern State, and certainly
in all the centers of population, wealth
and intelligence. If the election were
repeated next Tuesday, it could not
poll as large a vote as it did a few
weeks ago; and, four year3 hence, the
mere los3 of prestige and of the emol
uments of office would still further
reduce its strength. But these are only
the beginning of its troubles. The Re
publican party, being in possession of
both houses of Congress, will instant
ly admit threo or four new States
into the Union. These prospective
States are Republican by posi
tion; and as they are angry with the
party which for years has denied them
Statehood, and will bo grateful to the
party which is to deliver them from
Territorial tutelage, they will, of
course, be intensely and steadfastly
Republican. Their Representatives
will swell the Republican majority in
Congress, and their Presidential
Electors will forever destroy the
pivotal political importance of the
State of New York. Finally, the
census of 1890 will, to a still greater
extent, increase the representation of
the Republican party, both in Con
gress and in the Electoral Collego-
Thcse aro the reasons why the
Democratic party must die; but there
are also reasons why it ought to pre
fer to die. It would be bad politics
for it to live any longer. Its history
must always defeat it. A vast major
ity of the people of this country hold
it responsible for secession and the
civil war. Its very name is an insLp-
portaoie Handicap, lor it arouses a
multitude of prejudices which haves
no logical connection with the issues-
ot the present day. in this case, a.
rose by some other name would smell
very much sweeter. Moreover, the
Democratic party has no mission.
JLne only distinctive- principles it ever.
had are these: A strict construction of
the- constitution, which it has not men
tioned, for twenty years; State)
rights,, which it does not dare- to
avow;; a tariff for revenue only, which
the country has a dozen times, with,
increasing- vehemence, repudiated;
and Civil-Service reform, by which. it',
climbed; into power; but which, six-months-
latere it abandoned in disgustu
Surely this is a beggarly stock im
trade for a political party. If th'e
men who are In such' a party now are
ever to be any thing, do any thing or
getrany thing,, they must first abandon
and bury out of sight their present po
litical name and. organization.
In the expression of these candid
views the wish has not been the father
to the thought. It is-not to tho interest
of the Republican- party for the Demo
cratic party to go out of existence. Its
efforts simply, intensify the Republic
an spirit and- correct party lassitude
and indifference!. Indeed, the greatest
danger that now: confronts the Repub
lican party is a monopoly of the field.
For, as an air-tight glas3 bulb, when
the pressure- ofj tho surrounding air is
removed, is blown into fragments by
tho expansive energy of the air within,
so any political party which is de
prived, off the- external pressure of
party opposition? is liable to explode
from internal dissension. The worst
fate-that could, ever befall the Repub
lican party would! bo the absorption of
thothree- annihilated parties. Chica
THE SOUTHERN VCTE.
Democratic- Asaenilency Dae Altogether
to Fraud, and Intimidation.
According- toi-arhat the Alabamianst
humorously call "official"" returns,
their State-, gave Cleveland 117,31Q
votes and. Harrison 57,1971 In 1884
the - men who fix up the figures dowa
there-said, that Cleveland had 92,973
and Blaino.59, 1-J4. It wou'jd not haze
been, generous, to give Harrison as
many votes as Blaine, hot probably
there were-bets on a Democratic ma
jority of 60,000 and they had to be
eared for; In 1860 thers were iothe
State 111,461 white and 238,423 colored
voters Thes number o each has- in
creased; and the blacks have gained
proportionately as muh as tho whites.
Why, then, as all the. oolored men are
stanch Republicans, ditl not Harrison
get at least 120.000 -cotes? Because it
was not safe for tia Confederates to
allow him to do so. Not only would a
fair election have 2ost thecs several
Congressmen, but it would have cost
them the State. There see enough
white Republicans united with the col
ored men to take Alabama, out of the
Democratic column. That this is
the case, and that what Republicaa
votes are cast are those of whites
or blacks living in counties where
the whites are in tho great ma
jority, is shown by a glance at two
of the Congressional districts. In
the Eighth, in the extreme Northern
part of tho State, the white popula
tion exceeds the colored 45,000.
There, in 1886, the Republicans cast
for Congressman 8,600 votes. In the
Third district, where the colored men
are 83,000 ahead, they were not al
lowed to make a contest and cast no
votes at slL To attempt to break up
such a system a this, and to restore
to the majority of the people of the
State the rights of which they are de
prived by a tyrannical and lawless
minority, is denonnced as tending to
interfere with "onr peaceful rela
tions -with our Southern brethren,"
and as "an interference with the
great right of local seii-governmenL"
It is not surprising that the colored
voters, who still stand in the shadow
of centuries- of servitude, should pot
up with these outrage thus tamely,
but it is a little singular that the white
Republicans should be so submissive.
Some of thenr were among the men
who charged at Shiloh and Gettys
burg, and they can not be accused of
a lack of physical bravery. They
seem, however, to- lack the noral
courage which Northern men wiould
show under similar circumstances.
Most of them were- "poor whites,"
and they have not yet emancipated
themselves from their- submissiv e re
spect for the domineering planting
class. Chicago Tribune
THE CIVIL SERVICE.
Policy of the President-Sleet
lined by a Personal Friend.
One of tho earliest duties- that will
confront the new President will be that
of placing tho administration, of tke
Government, in all its detail, on a
distinctively Republican basis without
sacrificing- or disregarding the-spirit
of Civil-Service reform. Of course, he
will take care that the Civil-Service
law is enforced; a more difficult task
will be to see that its spirit is- ob
served. We think that in this regard
the friends of good government,-, and
what is- known as Civil-Service- re
form, will not be disappointed. There
is no stauncher friend of good admin
istration and genuine Civil-Service re
form than tho President-elect. He
is a Republican and a partisan in the
best sense, but not a spoilsman. From;
what wo know of General Harrisonj.
we think it safe to say that he will ex
ercise tho appointing power primarily-
in the interest of good government-
and in the spirit, of the axiom that he
serves his party best who serves his
country best. In. his letter of accept
ance he said:
"The law regulating appointments to tho
classified civil servica received my support in
the Senate, in the belief that it opened the
way to a much-needed reform. I still think
so, and, therefore, cordially approve the clear
and forcible expression of the convention upon
this subject. The law should have the aid of
a friendly interpretation and be faithfully and
vigorously enforced. All appointments under
it should bo absolutely -free from partisan con
sideration and influence: Some extensions of
the classified list arc practicable and desirable,
and further legislation extending the reform
to other branches of the service, to which it
is applicable, would receive my approval. In
appointments to every grade and department
fitness, and not party service, should be the
essential and dlscriminatieg test, and fidelity
and efficiency the only sure tenure of office.
Only the interest of the public service should
suggest removal from office. I know the
practical difficulties attending the attempt to
apply the spirit of the civfbserriee rules to all
appointments and removals. It will, however,
be my sincere purpose, if. elected, to advance
This shows familiarity with the
present law, and is a. very distinct ap
proval of tho principles, on which it is
based. There will be- no- step back
ward in Civil-Service.- reform during
f President Harrison's Administration.
But he will, at the outset be confront
ed by the fact that ther term Civil
Service reform has been- bfooght into
bad odor by this Administration, and
the civil service itself, badly demoral
ized, not to say debauching-- His first
duty will be to bringf it back: in point
of efficiency to where -the- Demoarats
found it, and from . that point make
further progress. Tho present condi
tion of the civil service would, justify
'sweeping removals; but- however nu
merous they may be, the- public can
rest assured they wilL be made from a
'higher motive than partisan, revenge
or partisan advantage. The-laoguage
cjuoted from GeneraL Harrison's letter
of acceptance needs no elucidation,
and can not be read between the lines.
He was sincere when: he wrote; It,, and
he will stand by it. GeneraL Harri
son's Administration-will be thorough
ly Republican, but it'willibe.aiEepub
Iican Administration based upoo fit
ness and not upon meretparty service.
DRIFT OF OPINION
JBS?"Democratio mottou for.- the- next
Presidential ampaigas: No. North,
no East, no Solid South.no. Sackville
West. Chicago Tribune..
$Sj""The m:ai who usedjto know Gen
eral Harrisorulong befbroiie-w-as- nomi
nated is now becoming-& numerous-part
of the population. Boston Globe.
jBSyDemcerat8 ars- talking; about
who they "will nominate in.1892"" Bet-
tter wait until, after the funeraL before
opening up.-the will and appointing an
p executor. Chicago Liter Qecan.
JThe "countrjc- editors1-' dh5 moro
toward electing Hrrrison-than. was ao
complishe'l by the-j politicians, who
will claimsthe create. A little-of their
"style" at Washington i will make the
new Administration., mote.- representa
tive. ir. World..
JSSyTi'Q annuel repoefeof tie Post
Office Separtmont shows that more
than half the deficit oaused by two
cent postage has been wiped out Be
fore Paesident Harrison? s Administra
tion is- over it Till all have disappeared
and tho country can take the next step
to ose-cent postage by a Republican
Conress. Ffiiladelphia Kews.
jKt?There is a growing Republican
seniament aaong the white people of ?
thesoouthtaat only needs encourage
ment front the North to break th
Bcarbon tontroL. That encouragcr
rcent General Harrison's Administra
t2an will be in a position to give. The
days of cerpet-bagging are over; tut
the day of Southern Republicanism,
i drawing its support from men of South
ern bisA and associations, is appar
ently urawing near. Toledo Blade.
JteSTlt i3 the part of prudence and of
wise, statesmanship for the Republic
ans to lose no time in passing the Sen
ate tariff bill, or a measure sabitan
tially like it, and conferring Statehood
upon South Dakota. The cost of an
extra session would be trifling, consid
ered in the light of the great objects
to be attained. We ara inclined to
think it will be the best judgment of
party leaders and of the President
elect that the highest interests of the
Republican party and the country re
quire a session of the Fifty-first Con
gress beginning ia March next. C7m
, AME5E, KHS1S,
GENERAL BAB BUSINESS
Sires Especial Attention to CoMon
Steys and Sells Foreign and De
Negotiates Mortgage Loans
S3TA11 business promptly attended to. fr
(Malott Sc Company,)
ABILENE, - - - KANSAS
Transacts a general banking business--No-limit
t our liabllitr.
TT. RICIr D, B. GORDEN, J0B3
J0HTZ; W,B. GILES AND
3V II. HALtfTT.
T. H. MAI0TT, Cashier.
J. ECBoitebkaK, Pres. f Tnzo. Mosher, CasI
FIRST NATIONAL BANSj
Capital, $75,000.- Snrplns, $15,(XX&
SFAHBAUG3;.HUKI DEWEY, "
ATTORNEYS AT LAWf;
T. S, BARTOHr Prop'r,
Respectfully myites the citizens of Abi-j
kme to his Bakery, at the oW Keller,
itand, on Third streetj.Tfhese he has,'
toastautly a supply of tie best
to befonnd in the city. Imperial order
For anything in my line promptly a$(
tended to on shorthoticc.
T. S.BARIM. .
building in Manchester and vkiniry
that they are prepaied to icxnlsb
ASrLOW AS THLLDWfST.
aad, get estimates-- fcefora
Man clioster .San sas.
ST. KHUS A5D- THE EAST.
3 Daily Trains 2
Kansas GIty anil St. LonisHo,
Eqoipptd -with PaJlraaa Palaco Slnfiper;
ana nasex uars.
rrnrr nrntimur HUIID HlDf
ru IH-ULiniHU UllHin UttJlO
SHE MOST DIBECT IZKSiTO
TEXAS and the SOUTH.
St Daily Trains a
principal points. 3b, the
LONE STAK STATE,
IRON MOUNTAIN B0UTE
Mempn, Motile, Ne-w Orieac and prlncljaj
allies in Tennesson Mississippi, Ala
bama and lmisJana. o2er
iae tne choice of
TO NEW ORLEANS.
Tor Tickets, Sleeping Car Berths and farthe
laforsaaUon. apply to nearest Ticket asent o?
J. H. IiTOK, "W. P. jL, 638 Xais street,
Kansas City, Ha,
"W. H. NKWMAX. Gen- Trsffle Manager, .
S. & TQWSBSHft O. ?. jyj
,-,s. .' J
"" ". - W -iv A-r fci"