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I BEFLEQTOIt, Established 1 883 I
I GAZETTE. Established... .16701
ABILENE, DICKINSON COUNTY, KANSAS, DECEMBER 7, 1893.
THK AmLENE REFLECTOR,
Offlolal Paper of Dloklnson Oountv
Annual Report of tho Postmaster-GonoraL
REVEXUES SHOW A DEFICIT.
Expectations of I'roflt on Colombian
8llnp. Not Mlinilr I'ullllleil -Mll
Bab.ltljr 1 arontlnu.tl Ore r-
time Chirsr. Stopped.
WASItlNOTO. Nov. 20. Tho follow
Ingnbstrnct of tho immill report of
l'otm.istcr-(U'iicritl Ill-sell wns ghen
The postmaster-general. In his finan
cial statement, shows the deficiency for
the year ended Juno 30, 18SM, was V
177,171. instead of fl,55,4J.l,ns estimat
ed by Mr. Wnnamaher.niul that Instead
of surplus of f37J,'i4s, for tho current
flscul year, as estimated by .Mr. Wana
maker, thoro will bo an estimated de
ficit of 17,830,473. Ho estimates the
gross revenue for tho fiscal ycnrcndlnff
Juno :i0, 1804, at (84,427,748 nnd tho
gross expenditures at t0,30D,485, leav
ing an estimated deficit of 5.071,730,
which, hot, crer, will bo dccrciscd II,
250,000 from tho fund taken from tho
unpaid money order accounts.
'tl'oujh theroaro nlnotythreo nil
dll.onal post olllces now entitled to
frco delivery service, tho absence of
money renders imposslblo tho estab
lishment of the system In theso towns.
After a thorough trial of two and n
half yoirs tho experiments In frco de
livery tried In 400 towns of populations
ranging from 000 to 4,000 havo not
proven tho desirability of establishing
tho system, which tho )wtmatcr-gen-crat
says would cause an annual outlay
of JIO.000,000. The appropriation of 110,.
000 made for the trial of rural frco de
livery has been found inadequate for a
fair test and the plan is not approved.
Tho postmaster-general, by one
stroll c, had settled tho carriers' over
time question under tho eight-hour law.
Claims for over time amounting to
nearly (1,000,000 were on file In tho de
partment when he assumed his olllec.
Under his order of April last, lion ever,
postmasters havo been held so strictly
accountable for tho time of their car
riers that tho making of overtime has
He suggests that postal notes bo
abolished and that tho rates charged
for alt domestic monoy orders should
be reduced and the form of order sim
plified. Great Improvement Is noticeable In
tho star railroad and steamboat trans
portation service, the length of tho
routes being 4M.833.83 miles. Thepost
xnasto '-general states his desire Is that,
wherever tho general service can be
nivancod, use should be made of rapid
transit, city and suburban linns, lie
pays much attention to tho railway
mall service, and tho requirements of
this year, will, he estimates, call for an
Increase of employes from (1,045 men to
T.O00 men. Ho urges such legislation
as will provldo a reasonable amount to
Iw paid to widows and minor children
of railway mill clerks killed while on
duty, nnd estimates that f 20,000 unnu
oily will be sulltclcnt for tills purpose,
licgardlng oic.m mull subsidy the
postmastcr-gener.il Is unable to ascer
tain that liny potltivo n Wantages havo
accrued from ellher it mall or commer
cial point of view by reason of tho con
tracts thus far put In operation under
tne act of March 3, 1801, nn 1 that,
therefore, no now contracts havo been
Thero has 1 ecn a marked increase In
tho special delivery business, tho cntlro
number of such plccui of in ill matter
delivered being 3,'t75,7J3, an Incro tsu
over last j otr of i) or cent.
'I ho department earriod last year
801,000,0.13 pound of second-class mat
ter, tin lucre i-o of 14 percent Con
cinsng this thu pttstm ister-gencral re
marks lie U afraid this Itidlc.ttus not so
much a hoilthy growth In thu periodi
cal literature of tho country as the suc
cess of enterprising pu Ushers In secur
ing tho entry of m tny publications Into
this fivored class tint are really not
entitled In the privilege.
While Mr. Wanamaker intimated tho
profits from the sals of Columbian
stamps would bo C5DU.03J, Mr HlsseU's
estlmito Is only fl.()0),OJj.
Concerning thu fixing t government
telegraph rates, Mr lllssell recites tho
protest of tho telegriph companies
against tho rates fixed by Mr. Wana
maker and the suits which have been
Instituted ngalnst the government to
recover at the rates charged the public.
Tho rates fixed by l'ostmtstcr-llenor.il
lltssell wero accepted by the compinies
an I nro nliout H ier cent, below those
fl.ed In 1833.
On Juno 3 ISO), th-jro wero 03,401
post ofllces In tho United Struct, nn In
crease of 1,231 over the p evlous year.
There aro .1,000 presidential post olllces,
a net Increase of 101 ofllces.
Mr. Illssoll devotes considerable space
to a dhcusslon of civil service reform
Thero aro 23,334 employes In tho classi
fied civil service In the post ofllce estab
lishment of the go', eminent. He makes
n special comment on the wholesale
discharge of democratic dorks In tho
railway mall service at the beginning
of tho last administration.
Mr. Itlsscll's rule tint fourth-class
postmasters shall not be removed until
on the expiration of four years' litcum
twncy he thinks will dignify tho nfllco
by pacing It on a par with presidential
olllces as to tenure.
Olrruplt Make. Another KfTort.
Banta lUimtnA, Cat, Nov. 20 Tho
cruiser Olympla mado another attempt
to make an ofilclal record 1 ut failed.
Everything looked favorablo when the
ttcamor startod for the third time on
her trial trip but after three hours' run
tho fog settled down so thickly that
tho beacons could not be seen and the
attempt was abandoned.
AtChlcagoJudgu Hutchinson quashed
the attachment proceedings commenced
by the Sells llros. circus against tho
provlnco of New houth Wales, hereby
the sheriff took p ishessinn of tho ex
hibit of New Miuth Wf.losuttho world's
ABOUT FARM MORTGAGES.
A Kevelntlon Matla by- the Ornrlal Census
It.turn. for Thlrtr-three States The
Itesuttsnf n C'ontprehen.lvnNtQilr nf the
Cennii It.turn. by Herbert Mvrlrk.
"Nine-tenths of our farms aro mort
gaged for nil thoy aro worth." This
statement has been lnadn so often that
tho general Impression among nil
classes of people Is that It represents
tho facts. Nothing could bo further
from tho real truth. Hut not until tho
census of farms, homes anil mortgages
was taken In 1800, was It possible, to
get at tho truth on this subject 'i heso
returns aro now sufllclcntly compiled
to warrant tho following startling
Three-quarters of all the farms In tho
United States aro owned frco of In
cumbrance. Only ouc-fourth of tho
total number of farms In tho United
states nro mortgaged. Or, to express
it mora specifically, out of every 100
American farms mora than 70 are fully
paid for and less than 30 aro mort
gaged. The avcrogo mortgago represents
only one-third of tho value of tho farm
upon which it is secured.
Tho total amount of farm mortgages
In the whole country Is hurdly one
tenth the total valuo of all our farms.
In 1880, nearly one-fifth of tho mort
gage Indebtedness rested on farms; but
in 1690, farm mortguges represented
only one-seventh of tho country's total
Indebtedness on real cstute.
Out of every hundred families on
American soil In 1800, 47 owned their
farms frco of mortgago, 20 owned, but
with Incumbrance, and 3 hired tho
farms they lived on nnd worked.
Of those who cultivated their own
farms, 70 per cent owned without In
cumbrnnco and only 30 per cent, had
mortgages. Of tho farms occupied by
tenants, less than 10 per cent were In
Tour-fifths of tho amount of debts on
farms and homes was Incurred for tho
commcndablo purnose of buvlug and
improving tho property, nnd n like pro
portion or tho numbers of farms una
homes wero mortgaged for tho samo
Tlio total real cstato mortgage debt
that existed In tho United Mates In
1880 Is estimated at two nnd nno-half
billions of dollars, equally divided be
tween lots and aero tracts. In 1800 tho
total amount of such Incumbrance had
mora than doubled, but only 34 per
cent. o it was on acres and 00 per cent
on urban property.
Tho total mortgages on actual farms
wero about (5.15,000.000 In 1830, and ten
years later was about (875,000,000, an
lncrcaso of (350,000,000 In tho decade.
During these ten years no less than
000,000 new farms wero created nt the
west and south. If only one-half of
them carried tho average sized mort
gage, this would readily account for
the Increase In the total debt on farms.
Mortgages on other aero tracts than
farms proper were In 1800 nliout II,
103,000,000, or an Increase of (433,000,
000 during tho decade.
The mortgages on lots, that Is, on
city nnd town property, amounted to
(1,250,000,000 at tho ninth decade, but
In 1890 were estimated nt nearly 1 1,000,
000,000, or an lncrcaso of over 12,700,
000,000 during tho seven years.
Tho total mortgago Indelrtedncss In
June, 1890, Is estimated to havo been
some (0,000,000,000 as against (2.500,
000,000 in ISbO, an lncrcaso of (3,600,000,
000. Those figures look large, but show
that tho total indebtedness on all the
real cstato In tlio United .States Is only
about 19.1 per capita. Add to this tho
per capita amount represented by the
publlo dobts of the United States
((14 03), of states nnd tcrrltorles((3 511).
and of counties (11.27) a total of (JO 40,
and It nppcars that tho totil public
debt and nil real estate mortgages In
tho United States nmnunt to only (112
In other words, in Juno, 1809, tho
sum of (112 from each man woman nnd
child In tho United States would have
paid nil tho mortgages In tho country
and also all tho nationil, stato mid
county debts. In Trance tlio national
debt alone exceeds (110 per capita, En
gland's national debt is nearly (9) u
head, while the colonics aro (300 for
each inhabitant. Thero nro good rea
sons for believing also that mortgages
in England, Trance, Germany and
Australia vastly exceed the American
avorage of (9J per capita.
Tho ofilclal figures for tlilrty-thrco
states, upon which tho foregoing state
ments nro based, wero prepaid! for tho
American Agriculturist by (Jeorgo K.
Holmes, special agent In charge of tho
division of farms, homes and mortgages
of tho eleventh census, and nro given
In full In tho Deccmler issue of Hint
magazine, in connection with Mr. Mv-
rlck's article. Another Interesting fact
Is that tho number of families Is prac
tically one to u furm in most states, but
for twenty-two states theso farm fam
ilies comprlr.0 85 per cent, of the total
number of families. In tills group of
states only one-fourth of tho farms
wero occupied by tenants In 1880,
whereas now nearly ono-thlrd of tho
farm families are tenants a gain In
tho wrong direction, Tlio article con
cludes with tho following statement:
"Certain it is that enough has been
sot forth herein most of it for tho first
time to demonstrate that tho facts
about farm mortgages havo been gross
ly distorted und exaggerated. Tho In
dication now are that tho final figures
w(ll show that over two-thirds of our
four and inhall millions of farms nro
owned frco of debt, and that all tho
mortgages on actual farms In the whole
United States to-day do not exceed tho
valuo of ono year's hay crop.
"Tho whole truth will bo known
when the census Is complete 1, but
enough Is now done to indicate that
the final result will differ from the
above conclusions In amount rather
than In proportion. A revulsion of pub
lic sentiment favorablo to agriculture
should follow a wide-spread discussion
of these facts."
Very Hell clou 4.
Mrn. 1. rooks la hho religtout?
Mrs. Hanks I khould nay. You know
that dreR.1 her hutbnnd paid for out of
bis poker winning? Well fcho never
wears It to churcb. Brooklyn Life
Intorcatlntt Siimmnry or Herbert's
MUCH MORE WORK REQUIRED.
Itrrcrit AiMlllanii .4.111 I.rnvn (ho Country
lu l.(i Mmpti In thi l.?rnt of llotll
llUe-A Moribund ;
WArHilNfiTov, Doc 1. The nnniinl
report of Secretary Hllnry A. Mrrbert
Innn Interesting bum miry of tho pro
Kress mntlo In nnvni construction since
tho Inauguration of tho new American
steel navy, with tho rt-KU.t nf ro
placing wltli high powered Hteel
ships nearly nil tho old timWr nldes
that inndo up tho navy lists nt the
close of tlio wnr. Tho report shows
that tlio total numlwr of serv
iceable war vessels In tho United
States navy Is forty-one, fifteen of
which aro nrmorod. In addition there
aro slxtyfour vessels on tho lists most
ly wooden cruisers, tujrs nnd antl
quated monitors that nro set down as
unserviceable for war purposes. Tables
aro tflten, showing the naval Mretigth
of the. lending powers, nnd n compari
son from them places tho United States
seventh in tho rank of nival powers.
Tho delays experienced In building
ships ns n result of tho f.illiiro of tho
ste.'l companies to furnish tho necot
snry armor Is alluded to. Of 14,300 tons
covered by tho two principal contracts,
only 1.0.1) tons hud Invn delivered on
tho first d ly of March last. Tho gi cat
dlllleultles experienced by thu nrmor
makers havo, howotcr, nit leeu over
cotno and deliveries of nrnicr nro now
being mndo with satisfactory rapidity.
lteferencc Is mndo to the remarkable
success of the steel makers In produc-
Ing nrmor-plurclng projectiles in this
country, nnd it Is said that they nrs
equal. If not Mipi rlnr, to any such made
nt other places. A higher development
of theso projectiles has leen made
necessary by tho discovery that thuy
will not penetnito curved nickel pl.ttu
nt angles of 4i degrees.
Tho nrmor phi to tests during tho past
year havo in cases exceeded In severity
uuy ever nttempted, either In this coun
try or Abroad. Tlio results hivo con
clusively demonstrated tho desirability
of using tho Harvey process for tho nr
mor of all vessels now under construc
tion, nnd having induced thu secretary
to expect that all of tho nrmor already
ordered und not too far advanced
should be treated by tlio llarveylzed
Iho department Is conducting a care
ful Investigation to ascertain what
would bo tho effect upon tho crow of n
submerged In nt of tho doton itlon of n
high explosive under water near by.
It uppenrs that tho department Is wait
ing for the re mi It of tho experiments
with tho flftcen-inch pneumatic guns
now being constructed for ths war de
partment before proceeding further
with tho tent nf tho Yetturlus. Should
tlio war department experiments Mum
thosrt guns to bit of little value for
nivnl purposes, It would bo in the in
terests of economy to transform the
Vesuvius Into n torpedo cruiser.
l'robably thu most important chap
tor In tho report trentsof the n ir.il
policy of tho country. IIj sayt th.it o ir
navy has not yet com') up to th t ind-
ard; that our navy shall lu us ciTjetl i
when compared with others an thit
which the country rvoncsrscd Iwforo t'iu
era of modern improvement, nn 1 when
our seaports were deemed to be, ui
they certainly aro not now, amply pro
vided with fortifications fully up to
tho requirements of tho age. ihus'C-
retary says wo now have building onlv
four v ssels which can prnporly
bo denominated first-class battle ships.
Tho cruisers nnd gun boats wo
now havo built and nru building con
stitute an efllcient licet '"Jhcy can
destroy mcrchunt ship," says tho sec
retary; Mthoy can fight vessels of their
own class, but they can not meet nr
morcd vessels with any reasonable
hope of success, and in time of war,
scattered abroad over tho high seas as
they would 1ms if we sent them ngalnst
an enemy's com mc ice, they would
leave our unfortified sen coast, with all
Its cities, absolutely without reliance,
except upon our four first-class nnd
two second-class battleships, seven
coast defense vessels and two little tor
pedo bo its."
Tho secretary says that no one can
valuo economy more highly thnn he
does, but that safety of the country, its
honor and Its dignity, must rise aUne
every other consideration, and the pro-
grnmino of authorizing the building of
nt least some vessels ut each session of
congress ought not to lo Interrupted
now, lhcroforo, ho recommends that
tho construction of nt least one battle
thtpandslx torpedo boats bo author
Ized by congress ut tho coming session.
Tho secretary again calls tho ntten
tlou of congress to the alarming stato
of tho personnel of the navy, lie points
to the evils which result from retard
ing promotions, so that men have
passed thu lino of life without acquir
ing knowledge of responsible duties or
having had tho opportunity to assumu
tho control of a man-of-war. This Im
portant branch of tho public service
now suffers from two great evils.
first A large proportion of ofllccrs
of the lino of tho navy, nt n time when,
inlnd and body ought to Ihj nt the best,
aro serving In the lower ranks without
command and tho habit it begets.
Second No method nowexlsts whoro
by tho government can get tho very
flower of Its personnel Intothoso posi
tions where they can lie of good service
to tho country, In consequence of which
a dull, mechanical movement takes the
place of healthy progression, led by
merit and fitness.
Ho recommends that tho number of
enlisted men and boys In the service be
Increased by '2,000 men, also that tho
enlisted men of the navy be allowed to
become citizens of the United States
without forfeiting their continuous
service In tho navy, Iho report closes
with the estimates for the next fiscal
year which amount to f J7,M5,U14. The
estimates for the same purpose for the
current fiscal year amounted to 124,-471,498.
A Ftormy Cntwrntlnn Nt ttlncfltlirr -Tit
KiNnrmini, Ok , Nov. . Monnv '
scenes were tho feature of thu stito
bond convention which opened hero j
yestcrduv 'I here wero many fiuthms.
One favored single statehood, another '
double statehood that Is soparato
statehood for Oklnhomniind tho Indian
terrltnryj another favored Immed a to
tntehood nn I another no statehood at
nil Thero nro too many politicians In
thu couvrutlt n and ns n result one row
Sidney Clark, of Oklahoma City,
called the delegates to order, llo
opened tho convention with n speech
devoted to tho resources of tho terri
tories nnd the necessity of statehood.
Charles T. Kcdick, of tho same city,
was made temporary chairman nnd
Ueorgo King, of Kingfisher, secretary
Tho appointment of tho committee
on resolutions precipitated atincrtmo
ul us debate that lusted for mure than
nn hour. Then the commlttte on cm
dentlaN pormlttod one man from each
of tho three nations Seiulmh C1iih
taw and Chickasaw to have a plnee In
tho couenttnn with fortyoime prox'os
each, 'lheso men practically emitiollol
the convention 'lhey were, however,
for double statehood, nnd upm every
question liefi rj the body win li might
Ihi construed as K'aring to,aul state
hood their prolcs were skillfully
b'onw of tlio western nnd n few of the
northern count es wero oppiscd to
statehood lu nny form, .fudge U M
ton .ling wis vigoious In his protists
nirainKt it He Mil m ttod thnt not more
th in thiee-teutliH of thu occun t I land
In old ( kl.ilu ma huh now Mil 'jet t to
taxation, nnd th it ut tlir oUtltir laws
tho lands lu tho Cbeeiinj iupu!m
rottiwntoinlo. Sac i nd Pox countries
would not I to subject to tuv.itioii for
f-cvcral curn, and. In the cunt of
slntohoo!, thu public burdens limit be
lrfiiiH by the few an I not the man.
It was nllegcd on tho Hour by a wait
er n delegate th it thcri was JoMiery 'ji
tho make-up of the credentl iN commit
tee in allowing tlu two deleg t h from
tho Choetnw und ( hlukas.au nations to
cist 10.) votes, nnd Ik'fore quit t wns re
stored the conicutioncama near brenk
Ing up in a row.
After recess J. V. MeAdnms, of tho
Chickasaw nation, was elected perma
nent president; .1, It. Coirigan, of
Terry, vice jnsldent, and I A.
Simpson nnd (Jeorgo Itnluy, ecrrcturles.
Tho cnmmlttou on rcsolut out, deem
ing tt impructlu.h'o to draft u bill lobe
iutrolueeil In congress, In lieu theieof
submitted thu following resolutions
and memorial, which were adopted;
T th' tour-i of tlio Ualitd Suit-
AluUclrt4l"i convention coiipoaid of i1j!o
B.itoj from Oklilinmi atd Indian tcrrlior
e nv ntrd it Klngtlihtr. Oh, H wmtMrid
Out wo Inilurto tho ri I'uUcm ndtanl al thr
Hi ltotio H'uti hcvxl to vinilon ugLsi P, 1 9
u-il ut the tntiMrrrtlo 111 Mud hoot tonvin
ilon tifld at I'urrrll tti lid An territory Hi p'fm
b r , rtU, una nifiln r quntlni ronjriM lu
pr v'li for !ti nd itliftl u i f Oa itimn a it l ho
Jnllin Icrrttorv no Male kim! respectfully
s lc torun m In pruv do by an rniblln net fur
Wofivor Ibe aliolliloa of nil tribal gomn
tnrn n among tbo ilvn ctrllUol nailumi. the
coui,lUa til r In tun c,f Hi torn mm domain
miioiiT iho clilicnuof etch nillonsnJ th In
til in urrltr.ry b-i multtt.te Mtb OKtntiomk
Wo ut iho earliest jwrlcd nsk thnt uctiill
v n!on of Urn common dc m tin of thi clltiunanf
th net. oral Indlm tUxjj thill bo undo to them
mi tally t.nd nhall tw nllinttblo st llulropilm
v tho hoTi stfftl of Ik'ncrm to each lnd
vldut', nnd pn-vldU further thit Rrctloqs M
"itiiUJOof eiuh cotureitilunal ton nttlp bill to
rcsntvid fur louimon ncbuoi purpoiei, u ivr
trtuiy uttpuUttona and provided further,
Thit unr lunls wlil.ln th UvsUvllIitd trtbn
f thnlndl-tn territory now o upled ss town
Rllvs ind upon which to ads or vdlayt-i nro now
laontdd hall n)l bu dlrl lot nr nt upiri tosnv
tttdlvlduil ladlan, 1 ut tho ituin nba'1 be pnt
uiiltd to thtfoc ui tits tiien of for their nuvrral
uio und bencllt undor Ihn rnviHlor of tho gen
oral townnHo law of the Unlud KUtoi und
tho proceeds of th? Halo b pild lo iho trlbo or
nttlon In whl li th) lonIW U locnlod, nnd wo
roMmctfull request tint iho coumltteo on
tcrrltTiios prrpa e und imrolito In o-aiirrtt
s proper bl 1 1 mil k! 1 ift Ui 'dt in.
HoMolved 'lliat thin imi ntljn fivori I bo
ab.o;al on of nil cxIsiIdk ttlu loams In tlii
1 id an rrserriiiuniti Oli aiiumi, aid thit ull
ninilulnj uneiticl ru-ervaiion lo Ihrown
ojHin to kctUtinenl lo ifiU'iis or tua Uoll u
State wllhont delay
TILLMAN'S HOT TALK.
Tbo llntrnior of Kftulli ( lU-nIln llril a
llrii-iiUldw Ht I lie ( tiurt.
Cimtl.Kifiov. H. C, Nov 20 Tho
general assembly met ut noon yester
day nnd thu third unutial message of
(Jov. Tlllmnn wu read It was very
long, nnd the reading look up HJverul
hours. Thu most inijxirtant features of
it were thu governors remarks on tho
question of thu railroad taxes nnd re
ecliershlps and tho dlsiiensary luw.
ttoth of which havo Itcch topIcHofgru.it
Interest lu thu statu
Thu report contains such phruM'H us
"thu tall wags tho dog "undcrlinim
and Illegal way, "very rssoncu of In
just'oo und Inequality and ty runny,'
'judicial Insolence, "servile, cringing
ob'dlence,' nnd like expressions Inref
oreliuu totlioiictlouof the federal courts.
"Iho up holy murraigu lK'tween the
dUulty of thu federut court nnd
theso unholy lurporutlonV (referring
to tho railroads), must, tho governor
says, bo annulled und theownersof thu
bonds made to undcntand thero Is u
point beyond which thu patience of tlio
statu will not penult them to go Re
gard Ing thu dispensary act thu gov
ernor expresses wonder that It has thus
far stood thu test of tho tempest of liti
gation which It bus caused.
Ktii'diiA, Knn., Nnv. 2'J. Tlio rpxrt
of thu nwnnls of thu iMlituitlonnl com
mission of tltu worM's fair was rvoslvi-il
liiTu from I)r l'caliIy ly 1'rvslilcnt
Taylor, of tho statu norm tl school, who
Is chnlrinaii of thu uxhlhlt commltU'ti
of thu ljonsrf of fltri;cU)rs of tho Kansas
cduvntlonil uxhllilt Twenty nwanls
weru madu to thu statu of Kansas, In
cluding two to tho statu normal school,
Mir on Joint. In Alln County,
Toi-kka, Kan., Npv. SC Tho Mate
Temperance union was aclvlsed of a re
newal of tho war against Illegal liquor
solllnu; In Allen county, ami that hhur
Iff llol'art had atresteil six illvkee
ers, who havo 1ecn oiM?ratln u lliiin
lol(lt for threa years almost wltliont
Interruption, 'ihelr lases will bo heard
ut the next term of tho district court
Tho Brcrottiiy of tlio Interior Pro
B.nta Ills Iioport
Tlii; PENSION QUESTION TREATED.
Thi C livrokrf tlullrt, liullmi N . rnltjr Mnd
Oprliliiff of I.simU HtNciliil-(kU
liomit llrrniniiiriiilrtt (or
Wasiiixoton, Dec. S. Tho annual re
port of Secretary Iloko Nmltli tiilta
lengthy. Tho operations of tho gen
eral land ofllce, the pension Imrem,
thu census ofllee, tho lercatt of Indian
utralrs, patents, ceolnj-lcalsuncy, edu
cation and IMulflo railroads nro nil ro
vluned and n numls'r of Important
rccotntneu Inttous made.
In discuslrf tho subject of pensions
the secretary calls attention to thu
frauds dlseoxered by tho sivclal ex
nmincrt nt Norfolk, Vn., and In New
.MiMconnd low. i. llo states that tlio
pensions in tho first two Instances had
lieen allowed upon testimony, maiui
factuiidaud forged by olnlm nifents.
In limn tho examining lsiarts had
lieen svstematlcilly tamiH'red with
by tho clilm agents. Tho ro
poit hluiuK that tho stoppage of theso
lllegil pensions In the thrco places
has save 1 to tho government an
amount tipial to thu expenso of tho
entire force of special examiners.
N hen It Is rcmciiiberud that this work
of thu examiners has H'cn In progress
but six months, and thnt payment of
pensions uould havo continued for an
uveiage of nearly twenty years, tho
cnoiuioushiliu to the government cm
bo icallrud It adds: "llosldu, them
jHMisloiif, wir.i being obtained through
frail 1, itnl how can public money bu
oeiiir spent tliun to prevent dis
honest,?' It 'fei rliu to tho net of Juno 37, IS'Ji),
tho leporl revlan tho decision tif As
sl.taut Seeritiry llussoy In tho Welko
cue, end iiImi the decision rendered
Mnv 'J7 lu thu lleuiiett casu. liefcn lug
1 1 the rrder revoking rulu 101, the ro
pt'rtsns: "In pursuaueu of this order
n hoard of levlslon was formed of tho
nblist and most experienced men In
tho pension bureau, with Instructions
to exnmlno thu cases nllowed utulcr tho
net of .lunu'JT, If 'JO, and call out such
us had no hgal basts to rest upon. In
cases where t WI)H bullowd that tho
pensions could not Iks sustained
and another medical examination
was thought necessary tho pay
ment of tho pensions was ordered
to lu suspended pending In
vestigation 'I his was dona by tho com
missioner of ieiutons In pursuance of
thu uniform practice of thu Turu.ii.
lis It hail existed almost from tho or
gnnlratlou thereof. The pensioner was
not dropped from thu rolls, hut thu
payment of his pension was suspended,
and thu usual sixty days' not ho was
glvin to thu pensioner lu width lie
could ask for u modluil examination or
supply further evidence of his right f I
u pulsion. Tho examination of his
proof, having dlscloted that ho was not
entitled ton pension, ho was told tint
thu payment of his pcnt.li u was sus
pended until ho o mid put on recur I u
vise which would uulhorlru piyiuunt
U i riling tJ tho tonus of tho net of
'II was (nun I that many thus mis
pindudweru ablo lo supply the proof
when notice was given that proof was
required, an I to thusu payment wa ut
once lesumed Tlu forinur pructluj lu
rtg'rl to suspensions wai also modllletl
In eioos where Iho proof on lilu dis
close I thu fact that the pvMislnur was
entitled 1 1 somo luting, although not
to the rating which hid h'cn allowed "
Ih ' icpoit glvus the lilMuiy of the
owning of thu I herokee outlet and
sug! e.ts (liataii fmi rotuil wayof doing
atith th ua might be fouu I.
ih-rcrriu to the cominlhslou to truat
wl h thu lite civllircd trl' es tliu report
sn- ' '1 hu act of congress approve I
Maixh II, ltti:i, provldesfor the api obit
tiient of threu (oininlssloners toentir
into negotiations with thu t herokeu
n itlon, thu Clniit.nv nation, tliu Illicit-
asaw n..tion, ll.u Mmkogeu or Civek
liutlou and tl.u --emluole iiattou for tliu
purport! of cxtlngulshlii,' tho I atlou.il
or trl'ml title to uuy laud within thu
Indian tetritory now held by any and
ull of such nit ous mid tribes, either by
cession of thu Stitiiu. or some p it t theiu
of. to tho United tstitos, or by tho al
lotment or division of thu wime In sev
eralty among thu Indians of stall n I
lions and tnlies tespeLtlvely as may Ui
entitled to thu siinu, or by such other
uietho 'a as iniiy bu agreed upon hu
tMeeu thu 'uwr.il nils s and nations
re fir rid to, or ti.cli ol them,
with tliu L'ultul rt lies, wltli u
vh'W to such mi adjustment
upon thu basis of Justleu and t'julty uh
may. with tho consent of such nations
or tribes of Indians, so far as may bu
necesMiry, le lerpilsitu uu I suitable to
enable tlio ultliontu ereitfon of a statu
or st ilts of tho union sv life li shall em-briut-
the hinds within said Indian ter
ritory. '4 lilsi important Lomiulsslon
has Ueu iipaiiiited, unit lousisls of
lion Henry I.. Dawes, of .Mauachu
tells, lion ArihiOnhl S. .McKennoii, of
Arkansas, and Ilon. Meredith II Kldd,
"'Ihu thickly fettled eouilltlou of thu
fiiintry linmeillattdy contiguous to thu
Indian teirlloi) has renderetl It Iuijmih
rlble lo luep tl o Intruders out. In thu
( hlckusaw nation iilouu theiu nru over
4U.MSI whiles and only :i,uuQ Indians.
'1 hu territory Is tru versed by lallroads.
'1 lie progiuis of eivlliraliou has crossed
Its tortleri, arid the timu must soon
come win n for thu protection of tliu
k oplu within Its limits, thu lawsof tho
I nited Mutes must bu uiudu applhublu
tlicrcto. It is earnestly to bu Iiohji1
that tliu coimulMdon may be ablo to
reach futlsfaitory li mis of agieeiiieiit
witli tho niccllvu nations for thu pur
pon. of spLetllly iKeompllshlue; u result
so iniit'h to bu desired."
'Jim u titlltlonof thultrrltorles Now
Mexico. Allono, Vtnh, (Iklnhoini and
Ah tl.u Is carefully tevlewnd. Iteom-
tucuds Arizona uud New .Mexico for
Highest of nil In Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report
It lehred. llcfcrrlng tnlltah, It say!
"I roni u tniefiiUttioy of Ihucondltlons
In this terrllt ry I rnu n-o no reason
wly the privilege of stutehotsl should
be longer withheld, and I cordially sup
1 ort tile iipplUntlon uf Utah for admis
sion to the union "
llcfirrlng to Oklahoma, Itsayst "Tho
suit of Oklahoma Is rich nnd tho re
sources Brent, and the ijovelopinent
manelous. It Is to Iw hoped that at
nn early date this territory may assume
tho responsibilities of stutohotid."
stet Int rrn.n In ttin I'll title llf tit In NoT.m
lirr M.srlr 7,0 li,lllll-ltrrrlil. anil Ks.
Wasiiimiiton, Di'h 'A Tho publlo
debt statement shows tlm not Increase
of tho debt, less cash In tlio treasury,
during November to hino leen (0,710,-
Tho Interest ls-arlng ilobt Increased
I IM; the debt on which Interest has
censed since iiiiturtly decreased f :i.MU0,
and tho debt K'aring no Interest do
'I here was n dccrc.tsu In tho cash bal
ance In Iho treasury during tlio month
'I hp Interest louring debt Is l5S3,oni),.
--". and tho debt Waring no Interest
f:i7l,fiSf,7ii, a total debt of tlMll,MIH,Ho.
Tho rerllllcates and treasury notes
offset by ,n cipial nmoiint of cash lu
Iho treasury amount to tluu.itsti.noj, nn
Increase during the mouth of III, dill,.
Tho net gold ruserve to-day Is ftU,
ti.Vi.uiU, and tho net cash balance 1J,
2I),M7, u total available balance nf
ll'MlitMiM, u decrease sluoo Novemlior
I of 7,u'JI,n7J.
'1 lio total wish in tho treasury Is 1781,
H.10,41.1. 'Iho receipts of tho gtneriimcut for
tho mouth nf November were IJ.I.UJU,
W, uud thu expendlliires ( ll.smt.tnn.
'1 ho greatest coinage 111 recent jenrs
ft r any one inoiith was executed by
the United States mints during thu
mouth of Ntivoiulier. '1 ho numlier tif
plocos coined nggiegnted 7,aJ3,nuj, of
tho valuo of U, D.ll, 110.115. Of tills
uitiouut thu gold eoiuiigo aggrugntcd
1,'J)..,J00 pieces, uf tliu value nf tlU,7SU,
Mill; tho silver, only U7(l,20'i pieces, nf
the vulue of IU,K).:i.1, and tho minor
coins, S.'Jsi.OOU pieces, of thu valuo nf
t'l'i.liou. Of Iho minor coin 4,1110,000
pieces were of thu ilenoiiiluntlou of 1
cent, demanded for tho Christinas
DICK EDWARDS QUILTY,
lis tint. 14 l.lfn SmiUiii.-NsIiI to ll
sliinl. rt.it Tlireff U'oiurn.
DfMBon, 'i'ex , Dec 'A Tho Jury In
tho casu of Dick Ildwnrds, charged
with Iho murder of three women ut
Denlson, Tex., on tho night of Mny 17,
iB'-l'J, returned a verdict of guilty
In the ctua of Mrs. Ilattla tl.
Ilnyiics, uud Used his punish
ment nt Ufa linprlsoninont. Tho pris
oner was brought Into court when
tho verdict was reatl. llo was weak,
pale and trembled percoptlbly, llo ev
idently exiecli'd tho verdict would bo
Jeath, and brightened greatly when ho
heard It, Immediately upon arriving
tt tho Jnil ho began to sing and danco.
Hid was mciro talkative than usual,
lie still protests his Innocence. !M
cards' nttoriioys filed a motion for a
WANTS HIM flEMOVED.
Ol.trlt t Atlt.rut.jr Si,r,1 NmIiI to IIiit. n..n
IJiillllC loo 111. U
Wasiiiniiiov, Dee. 'A Col .1. II.
Knight, of WImoiisIii, a well-known
lomotiutla politician, ami c-audlilntu
for th United Status seuiitu before tho
last Wisconsin legislature, has tiled
:harges against District Attorney
sp-ud, of OUIahom i, uud will seek to
havo him removed from ollleu. Hpcod
bus gone to extremes in attempting to
throw discredit upon thu Interior tie
parlinc nt mid Dion who wero friendly
to It, anil one of tho men he attached
tlrent liniiiirtlnr House rtilltir.
Nkw Voiik, Dee. 'A David Wllo hn
been ap)wilntcd receiver of tho hide,
iklus, colTeo and genernl Importing
ilriu of Abo Klein A. Co. on tho applica
tion of William II. Mildred, tho silent
pirlnor lu the concern. Mr. Stolu lsat
present lu London. On January 1 tho
iiMitveul llrms statement to llrnu
(treet's showul assets tl.ODI.000, and
liabilities of (1141,000 'Iho firm was
Jiu largest lu Its lino in tho United
-tales, anil probably lu tho world. It
lid ii business of f3,OD0,U0O a year,
Vii.tr.ill I'imIit Arret.
Toi'KKA, Kan., Dee. 'A United
States Attorney Terry has been advised
"if thu li nest of II. H Hcstfull, former
ly a clerk lu thu pension otllco In this
elty under tho administration of Jlar
aitrd ICelly, who was conuectctl with
Willi no Winner In nn attempt tt) do
fraud thu government out of several
thousand dollars by means nf forgud
pension checks, which hud been torn
from a book of blank chock to which
tVestfall hail aecuss.
I'tiHu-riMl by lliirtflsrtk
l!o.v.K TrmiK, Mo , Dec, 'A Tho store
3f Norwllio llros. und thu Mississippi
Itl ver.t I ton nil Term rtillwnv ib.tuit tvi,n,
raldctl mill the safes at both places
blown open ami robbetL At Norwlu
llros,' thu burglars nhliiinud about 1700
and u small amount ut the depot. At
Ihu latter place tho wiock caused by
the explosion was thnrotigli.
CnllMl Slut,.. Jdilifi, "llTifiTrtu lleiul.
ISKW l)IIIK(.H, Dec. J.-Jlldgo n. a
Hillings, of thu United (stales district
court, died this moi nlng ut Now Haven,
PeitKwIck botlge. No. 17. meet In It, I
nsll every s.conrlsnil fourth Montlsr evnn-
tnitarrv.ehinontu, I J McMslion, W. C.
tlOURim WOODMEN Or AUMUA.
tlsinp No. K9 Motlnrn Wootlmnn of Amort
rs mncti every ntasy evenlnit ol nsch
month In K. of P. Iio.ll Vlsllln-r nclahbors
weleome, J. D. Hweensy, V. O.I r. J.
ritATKIlNAL AID A3SO0I ATION.
Crercent Oonnotl, No. in. r. A. A. Useti
the first suit third Mondsv nttchtscf tsseh
month In K nf 1'. hsll, II, I, tvootti, nretl.
ttent) J. II. Nlrtl.y, scrotsr-
(IUANU ABMT Or TUB BRrtMlLltl.
Alillonn Post No. (U-lleot. at the 014
r.tlowallsll.iiHinntl ftnn 4thttont1sy even.
Inr. or esoh month. All comrTultw nro In
vltod tomenl wltlins. O. L. Mooro, I. O.t
Vf, 8. Anilerton, Ailjutsnt. J J1 yj
Wo-nsn'altsli.f Corps, No, es-Mts sli.r.
nstn Vtettnumlsrsflornoonist I 90 o'bleokln
K. of 1'. hsll Mrs. o. J rstcrs, prsila.nt;
Hrs, Itsry K. I'sul. lonrsUrr.
KNioiiTH or rrniiAB.
Dsmon lodirt Nn. ft Most Trr Wadnss
Isr ovenlnr. lnths KnUhts of l'rthlsa hsll
Vln'tlrur hrathors oortllsllr Invlt.d. Jsy
llsrdlair, S. C.I flttt Wilcox, K. of D. AB.
Abllon Lmlso, NatO-Mests ovsrr Thurc
Is)- svrntnir In thu Knlnlits ol l'Tthlsi htll
It. A. Iirown, M. W. lucUsnl Wsrlnir.
I. 0. O. T.
i Wsetirn Home Ittitt, 1. O. O. v., No. st
MpuU ovsrr Tuetidsr orenlnir In Od-I Psllow.'
nsll. OBosrsi Nobis Orsnil, J. II. rsvorl
loorstsrr. A. Btntlh, Visltlnar brslbrea
Cvrna Ohiiitsr, No. u. It. A. M.-MnUIo Us
osle hsll on tbs .setmd and fonrt rrldsva of
sseh monta lllehsrd Wnrlni? U, 1'. J,
U Wcrlsr Becr.tsrr.
O.K.B. AhllrnsDhsptur 111, meets In tho
fcls-tinlohsllon llitiflrptnetl thlnl Tuaiilsr
ovenlni;. or earh month Mrs.ltuth flnsnslnr
Worthy Ustron. Mrs. Ms W. Moore, focre.
i Ml T7AY Ttft t VftTilJtr.
c.r, l. i
no T Ltmltfld Esor... (itsp.m.
No.-Hllns A K.U. sccnui 10:1) p. in.
No. iB-rtiht, . ,.-ro.,n.
o, II rrelxhl. &S3S.UI.
N i.s-tlmUM etprtv. , ,ll!(fl.ra,
'No. ll-Hsllns A K. II, tccom , s II n. la.
so.ll rroniM fl nip.si.
Nil. II H tuck FrttlTht .7110 P.IU,
1'r.Uv txtspt nsndsy.
a., r, , r. p. n.
i ecommojsuoo d suy,
fvr.r 1llr .. . ,llti, ra.
eormmoilstioa dU7 S3np.m
tA-tsriir , H(f li a.tn,
Accomuiods lond . RH.-.liift p.m,
Uitsmliu; to Atitup.,
e'mor ..... dip. rr,
(ocommoiUtlen MM H:(0n m,
It flints rntrstnatlsltvsxosnt Hnnlsy.
All trs'ns on Ih Aliltrnn soil Conenrilla
tiranch ran to sad Irani Kmtorta. Trains
snfsnil rscsrrr n thrtiuKh recllnlnic rhslr
esr lintwenn Alillsan nnd Ksn.ss cpy, snil n
thrtiti li rtcllnlntfchulr rnr Imtween New
Inn snil Oinnlis, pnnnt rtlliKSt Newton with
tlimtiilh rxprr.s forokliiliotnn snd tlslvos
tnn.nnil throuitii iinlas for Uolonulo, Now
Msxloo nmt Osilfornln.
UO0K 18IJIND Tt. It.
No. 61 Irfiet Irrnlntnnil sriom ...19 40s.m.
No, n Uhlcaxo Mill sbd Expiow.,., till p. n.
Nn,M World'. Kslr Msll snd RflprusitlO-ns , ra.
N3.SS Local Freight nntl Areeliu .. S'0 p. u.
I'sOMnitor irstss nn ilsllr mixM trsnu
UlSBpDUI PACiriO-AT rtBIIINOTON.
fttvmm, No. 901 .n-.Sip.n.
ThrosKh rralirm. ho.au Jims, m.
runner. No. 501 lOills.m.
wr PnlKht, No, f 30 l:inp.ni.
sj might. No. lis litls.m.
oTAKBAuen & nunD,
T. E. DEWF.T,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
onico over Abllinn National Itsnk.
Sorp, Gpccolopt and Oculist,
Protloo llrnltod to Bnrjrory, norrtcnl
dlieasoo-Dlic ssos oi VTjinsn and DI-
os.se of the Evo. ....
avp-tss A13ILK11E It AH
J. N. BURTON,
Tli oMet fuicMunvt r In IHcktni-on county.
Ritltlnntlon KiiamiilKil nnl If rnu rt'iina.
hlu. Will cry Hiilm uriywlioro, Kiirui unit
HvipauUl.y. Hope, Ktinsi., 60 1(
ADRAM B. STONER,
Will cry puI In Dlcklnaon nml si.riuiind
Intf (oiintlont nn-nnnhlo mien. Httlula'1
llun irunrAntnttl. rutu(Htu HiMrvM Att
Html'luncui 8ntlinM OlitoOTor towniblp,
10 mllt'i iliin north ef I11 tir.
An itpjHilntmt'iit Umk 111 b at rilj)
Klilini'niitoru, Atlleuu wliuru dtttii cuu be
GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS
OlvcaeiiDcInl attention loCoilcc
Vlons, buys ntiil sells l'oiel
nnJ Uomeallo lxclmngo
NcgotlatOB Mortgago Lonna
All business promptly sttcndod to.
" i rf . .
t ..MAmAjj A. ti