Newspaper Page Text
DODGE CITY, KANSAS, FRIDAY, MAY 29, 1891.
THE WOULD AT LAEGE.
Summary of tbo Sally Nowtt
Tub United States consul at Gibraltar
says that not less than thirty-one for
eign steamships have touched at that
port during-tin last four months, carry
ing 20,305 Italian emigrants to the
Seci:i:tai:v Foster lias appointed a
commission composed of ex-Congressman
Charles 11. Orosvenor, of Ohio;
I)r. Walter Kcmpstcr, tlie noted expert
on insanity, and Mr. l'owderly, a
brother of T. V. l'owderly, to proceed
to Europe and investigate the immigra
Tiik president lias issued a proclama
tion opening1 to public settlement un
.dcrJJio homestead law about 1,000.000
"acres of land in Tort llcrthold Indian
reservation, in the northwestern part
of North Dakota.
The surplus in the treasury is report
While not desiring to enter a con
troversy with ex-Gov. Itoyd on the sub
ject, the president desires to have it nn
ileratoodlhat he did not have any dis
cussion with that gentleman on his re
cent isit to Nebraska in regard to the
merits of the gubernatorial contest in
that state, and also he said nothing1 to
anyone there against or in favor of the
interests of either candidate.
Okiikus have Ix'en issued by the navy
department for the men of war to be
economical as possible in the use of
Kx-CfiXOKKSBMAX WlLLLlM T). OWKX,
of Indiana, is an applicant for the po
bition of superintendent of immigration.
f- Ex-Coxgi:essmax Pay-son, of Illinois
is said to bo slated for the chief justice
ship of the new land court.
.Juihsk McAllister, removed from
the judgeship of Alaska in l'resident
Cleveland's term, lias been refused re
dress by the United States supreme
J. C. Aia.mm, the slayer of Capt.
Couch in Oklahoma, has been granted
a new trial by the United States su
The United States supreme court has
decided that the original package law
passed by the late congress is valid and
Tm: leaders of the third party move
ment at Washington profess to have di
rect assurances that Senator Stanford,
of California is ready to put himself at
the head of their movement.
Hev. I. II. Hamilto.v, of Homestead,
Pa., a delegate to the Haptist conven
tion, was killed while passing a build
ing in course of repairs on the corner
of Fourth and Walnut, Cincinnati, a
largo stone falling from the third story
and striking him on the head.
.1am km KofiAKTY, the well known
baseball player, died at Philadelphia
of consumption. He was 21! years of
age and his home was in lios Angeles,
Willi.. M Wz:i.rn Mcs in a critical con
dition as a result of injuries received
in a fistic contest before the members
of the Hay State athletic club of Lynn,
Mass. Mulgarrity, Welch's opponent,
was also badly used up.
A New Yon:c paper says that the ac
counts of Dr. C V. I'rcntis, manager of
the New Church Publishing Co. (Swed
enborgian) are short ami that the books
are lieing investigated. The shortage
is probably not over 4,000.
loii.v 1!awsi.ey, city treasurer of
Philadelphia, whose method of deposit
ing the city funds in the Keystone and
other national banks Is now a subject
of investigation, lias tendered lib resig
nation. The blacksmith and machine shops
of the New York Central railroad at
West Albany have been destroyed by
an incendiary fire. Much valuable ma
chinery was lost About 1,003 men will
be thrown out of employment
William II. Wan'amaker, one of
Marsh's bondsmen, offered a reward of
51,000 for the arrest of the fugitive and
lias employed detectives to run him
down. Marsh is an absconding banker
Aluaiiigo Auxose, aged 2(1, was mor
tally wounded by Guiscppe Cangro, on
East One Hundred and Twelfth street.
New York, during a quarrel. The
murderer escaped. All the parties in
the tragedy are Italians.
The Itoston News bureau says: "We
hear from good sources that the liabili
ties involved in the assignment of Mr.
Joseph Davis will amount to $3,000,000
and that fifty cents on the dollar may
be realized by the creditors."
TnitKE persons have died and scores
of others have been made seriously ill
by eating decayed smoked sturgeon
sold in Pittsburgh, l'x, and vicinity.
Tex' Italian convicts were detained at
the barge office. New York. They were
found among 1,-24S arrivals from Italy
by the steamship Marsalla.
Kev. Dr. C D. W. ltniwiEMAX, of
New York, has left the Haplist church
for the Episcopal communion.
The trial of Capt Loarand the depu
ties, charged with murder in causing
the death of strikers on the occasion of
the recent coke riot, ended in the ac
quittal of all the accused.
Tub remains of dames Whitney,
once among the most famous of Ameri
can professional bise ball players,
were buried in Spring Forest ceme
tery, Uinghamton, N. Y.
JosnuA SciiKETKit, a wealthy fanner
living near Danville, 111., has been
stricken with a disease resembling'
It is reported that the Mackcy syndi
cate which controls the Chicago .t East
ern Illinois the Evansville & Terre
Haute and other western roads has
purchased a controlling1 hicrest in the
Mobile & Ohio.
"Talks on health" in a western city
were recently postponed lecause of the
illness of the lecturing physicians.
A severe hailstorm visited Clifton,
Ariz. Rain accompanied it, causing- a
Jonx Culver, the Cronin juror, lost
his libel suit against the Chicago Her
ald. He wanted 65,000.
Onio is to have'a people's ticket the
Tire report is confirmed that Nat
Whittle, a miner in lllue canyon, Ariz.,
has been killed by Indians. The In
dians were in ambush close to his house
and shot him twice through the body.
The Indians arc headed east toward
The pugilistic encounter between
Jackson, of Australia, and Corbett, of
California, took place at San Francisco
aa the 21st and ended in a draw.
A feature of the llaptist convention
it Cincinnati was the vindication of
Secretary Morehouse, who
Dr. W. II. Gri:5S, of Princeton, wa
elected moderator of the Presbyterian
assembly in session at Detroit, Mich.
Day's lumber yard at Minneapolis,
Minn., has been destroyed by fire,
Alphoxso Taft, ex-minister of war,
died at San Diego, Cal., on the 21st,
A rASSEXGEn train on the Monon
route was wrecked near Lafayette,
Ind., by a broken rail, but no one was
D. E. Powers, attorney for Plenty
Horse, asserts that lie secured evidence
at Pine Ilidge which will positively ac
quit his client of the crime of murder
ing Lieut. Casey. American Horse, one
of the head and inlluential chiefs of the
Sioux tribe, will be a witness for the
Uxiox sailors drove off all the non
union men hired by the captain of the
steamship West Indian at San Francisco.
' The Ilotkin impeachment case at To
peka, Kan., resulted in the judge being
O'Sullivax, the iceman, convicted of
the Cronin murder, says he vt ill not
confess until the Illinois supreme court
announces its decision.
The Dalton gang of train robbers
was run down in the Indian territory.
One of the Daltons was killed and a
soldier was wounded.
The Davis drug house and adjoining
premises at Detroit, Mich., were burned
recently. Loss, 5230,000.
Three men at least were drowned
near Sandstone, Minn., by a boat going
over the rapids of Kettle river.
ISAitox Kalxoky de Korosiatka, a
nephew of Count Kalnoky, of Austria,
recently fought a duel with rapiers in
Jackson park, Chicago, with an un
known southerner over the charms of
an opera singer. The baron was
The Anderson (Ind.) butter dish fac
tory burned. Many of the women em
ployes had narrow escapes. Loss, 30,
000. Kki-hksextativkh of the Japanese
government have been negotiating with
the Union iron works of San Francisco
for the construction of a torpedo cruiser
and have just sailed for home for final
instructions before making the award.
David Meeker, pioneer and former
partner of Senator Stanford, died at
San Francisco. He went to California
in lb50 and was prominent in state poli
tics The controlling interest in the Salt
Lake Herald has passed into Gentile
hands. The Herald has been the lead
ing exponent of the Mormon church
and this sale practically breaks the
back of the Latter Day Saints as a fac
tor in Utah politics. The Herald will
be a democratic sheet
The liabilities of the Davis Shoe Co.,
w ith factories at Richmond, Va., Ken
nebunk, Me., and Lynn, Mass., are said
to exceed Sl.000,000.
The Phoenix lumler mill at Houston,
Tex., has been destroyed by fire. Loss,
Kextucky farmers have nominated
the following ticket: Governor, Pol
lock Harbour, of Jefferson county;
lieutenant-governor. Dr. S. F. Smith,
of Franklin county; attorney-general,
Judge E. L. D. Guffy, of Hutlcr
county; auditor, W. G. Fulkerson, of
Ohio county; treasurer, 0. G. Sartcr, of
Trigg county; superintendent of public
instruction, I. 1). Morris of Italian
county; register of the land otlicc, T. 1J.
Herrold, of lEntlcr county; clerk of the
court of appeals, John 11. Lair, of Nich
Kextucky republicans nominated the
following ticket: For governor, T. A.
Wood, of Mount Sterling; for attorney
general, L. J. Crawford, of Newport;
for treasurer, Eli Farmer, of Somerset;
for s!p -i-'-ndent of public instruc
tion, L. V. Dodge, of lterea; for register
of land office, W. J. A. Rardine, of
Greenup; for clerk of court of appeals,
E. I. Itlainc, of Lexington.
HcxRYSrnixoEit, colored, was hanged
before 3,000 people at Magnolia, Miss.
The society of American civil engin
eers is in session on Lookout mountain,
Walter Joiixsox was hanged at
Petersburg, Va, for rape on Elizabeth
Majors. Johnson's neck was broken.
The machine shop and bolt works of
the Knoxville (Tenn.) Iron Co. were
burned the other night Loss, $80,000.
Ax explosion at the Pratt mines Ala.,
killed ten negro convicts and a free
miner named Tom Moore.
P. II. Cheatham and John Whaley,
two planters, fought a duel near Liber
ty Hall, S. C Itoth were severely
The remains of William Hunt and
Long Rice were found on a railroad
trestle near Louisa, Ky., and it was
supposed that they were killed by acci
dent, but upon investigation they were
found to have lwen murdered. Two
men who were with them, Daniel Dean
and Dave Wellman, have been arrested
for the murder.
Jonx Ravox, aged 8 years, son of a
farmer near St Hcduig, Tex., was
trampled to death and frightfully
mangled by a horse.
The cause of the death of Congress
man Houk, of Tennessee, was a strong
solution of arsenic, which he took in
niisURce for other medicine at a drug
store in Knoxville.
Near Tuscaloosa, Ala., Jim Morrison,
an escaped convict, killed two officers
while resisting arrest lie was wound
ed slightly, but escaped.
The garrison of llclgrade is being
hurriedly reinforced for fear of possible
troubles arising from the expulsion of
Natalie. The minister's position is
shaken. Twelve persons who were
wounded in the riot have since died.
It is reported that the Hank of En
gland has notified the guarantees of
the ltaring fund that it desires them to
form a syndicate. This is regarded as
a measure by the bank to strengthen
its cash reserves
At Monte Carlo a banker of Munich
named Speckart committed suicide be
cause of heavy gambling losses. Six
suicides have occurred at Monte Carlo
since May 1.
Pierre Law, the noted French nauti
cal novelist, has licen elected to the
academy, defeating Einile Zola, Ferdi
nand Fabrc and Viscount Bonner.
The French crops are in a critical
condition. The home supply will fall
short by 20.000,000 hectoliters. If the
present rainy weather continues the re
sult will be disastrous to the farmers.
Tux financial situation of Portugal is
aggravated by the disappearance of
small notes from circulation and the
substitution of larger-bank notes which
it is difficult to change. Changers are
advertising for silver and gold.
Tm troubles on the Queen A Cres
cent route have been adjusted by Chief
Arthur of the engineers and Chief 8ai
gent of the firemen.
Dukixg April sr.,001 immigrants ar
rived in tliis country, against C4,212 in
April, 1890. Of the Immigrants arriv
ing last month, Germany furnished 22,'
753, Italy 13,123, Ireland 0,4Si England
and Wales 5,543, Austria-Hungary 8,7011,
Sweden and Norway 8,502 and Russia
The Hank of England has reduced
its premium on gold, the demand being
Jonx P. St. Johx opposes the peo
ple's party, which he thinks is domi
nated by the liquor interest
The Sicclc, of Paris, reaffirms tho
truth of the reported. Itata agreement
and says that the Chilian steamer will
he taken into a United States port and
that when she arrives there an embar
go will be placed upon her.
Business failures (Dun's report) for
the seven days ended May 21 numbered
354, compared with 237 the previous
week and332 the corresponding week
of last year. Trailo was generally
A tack combine is announced.
The supply of wheat and flour in
Canada is estimated to be 1,000,000
bushels short of the needs.
A BILL postponing payments of bank
deposits for twenty days has been
adopted by the Argentine chamber of
Esiil TltiroxE, a French officer, is
charged with high treason in selling
the secret of melinite, the new powder,
to the Armstrongs, of England.
The bicycle race from ltordcaux to
Paris a distance of 358 miles was won
by the Englishman Mills in 2G hours,
The London stock exchange daring
the week ended May 23 was is suspense
awaiting events in Europe and America.
A firmer feeling was noticed. The
continental bourses were more settled.
The czar was reported angry at the
managers of the French exhibition at
Moscow for obtaining a loan from the
Lord Romilly and two female do
mestics were killed by the fumes from
a parafinc lamp which had been upset
in the night time at his lordship's Lon
A cablegram from Ituenos Ayrcs
says a revolution has broken out in the
province of Cordoba. The insurgents
have cut the telegraph wires
Fever is raging at Malta and there
is an average of forty of the officers and
men of each of the vessels of the Brit
ish fleet prostrated with the disease.
The Malta hospitals are already terri
bly overcrowded by the unceasing inltux
The Chilian government steamers
Impcriali, Almirante Condcll and Sar
jento Aldea landed 200 men in Talltal
and stormed the custom house. That
place is now in the hands of the gov
Police of the Hritish South Africa
Co. defeated a foreo of Portuguese and
natives on the J'ungwc river.
The trial at Hani, Italy, of 179 mem
bers of the Mala Vita society has end
ed. Fourteen members are acquitted,
while 1G5 members arc sentenced to
terms of imprisonment varying from
six months to fifteen years
Clearing house returns for the week
ended May 23 showed an average de
crease of 15.8 compared with the corre
sponding week of last year. In New
York tbo decrease was 21.4
Ax address of Halmaccda on the re
bellion in Chili has been published.
The cause of the war he declares to be
due to the ambition of his opponents.
Yellow fever is reportod ravaging
the ports of HraziL
Omxirus drivers of Paris are on a
strike. They-want the hours reduced
to twelve a day.
The European Messenger draws a
gloomy picture of affairs in Russia,
where paper has a forced circulation
and gold is wrung from the people by
To celkurate the visit of the czare-
witch to Siberia an imperial decree has
been issued authorizing the Siberian
governors to remit two-thirds of the
sentences and otherwise to ameliorate
the condition of worthy convicts.
Investigation into the recent explo
sion at Posso Panlalc, Rome, reveals
the fact that the magazine was over
loaded. It is believed that the explo
sion was directly due to the vibration
caused by passing trains
LriAwviLLE, May 27. While Morris
D6nanii nml Adolph Huffman were work
ing an air drill in the lvanhoo tunnel the
drill struck an old charge ot giant powder
causing a terrible explosion and literally
tearing ihe men to pieces. Several miners
working near were slightly injured, but
Houtox, Texas, May 27. Officer Tbos.
Sharshy, who was shot by F. I Hunter
while trying to save Mrs Stoner from
murder by Hunter, has since died of his
wounds Hunter and his wife are in jail.
Nov York, May 27. Rev, Dr. J. Henry
VanDyke, pastor of tho Second Presbyte
rian church of Brooklyn, dropped dead at
his residence in that city last night He
had Leen in this city during the day.
London, May 27. Tho decree of divorce
obtalmd by Capt O'Shea from his wife
Kittty O'Shea on account of her alleged
adultery with Mr. Parnell was yesterday
Tali.ahasse, Fla., Mny 27. Fifty-four
votes were cast in the joint session of tho
legislature yesterday of which Call re
ceived 51 and was declared elected.
Mariox, Kan., May 27. Tho opera
house here with all its contents was de
stroyed by fire Monday night. The cause
of the conflagration is a mystery. The
stocks of goods occupying the store rooms
on the ground lloor all went np in smoke.
There was no insurance on the building
which was abont the finest in this part of
the country and cost $20,000. The stocks
of merchandise were insured for about
5,000 and were worth probably three
times as much.
Columiiup, O., May 27. The stale con.
vention of farmers' organizations will con
vene to-day. The delegates are about
equally divided as to whether an indepen
dent ticket should be named. Steps wilt
be taken to elect a new state legislature to
defeat the election of Senator Sherman.
Breckexbidgk, Col, Hay 27. Three
miners were overcome by fool air in the
Ciiipm nl lijiiifi yesterday morning. The
bodies of J. C Derkes and It. Benson bare
been recovered. An effort is being made
to recover the other one.
Cextkalia, WaslL, May 27. While
grading a street yesterday morning a la
borer unearthed an old well. He was over
come with foul air and fell into the well.
Three other laborers who west to his re
sistance were also precipitated into the
well in the same manner. James Ford
alone could be resuscitated. The dead are
Bams, Perry and Dobson.
HnnrEAPous, Mian., May 27. It it be
Iterea here that PlUibary, the miller, has
cornered July wheat PUIabarv'a object
is to make millers not in the cestmaepay
exachUaat priees for wheat.
Decision By tho Supremo Court ot
Prohibition Statute ".'pheM The Power ol
the Mate to Lxcrtlic Police Sujicr:s-
ion Fur tiie Gfiod of the People
Washington-, May 20. The United
States supreme court has decided that
the original package law passed by the
last congress was valid and constitu
tional and that when it went into ef
fect prohibitory laws remained in force
w ithnut re-enactment.
Chief Justice Fuller rendered the
opinion of the court and the bench was
united in support of the conclusions to
which he arrived, though Justice Gray
announced that Justices Harlan,
Brewer and himself did not concur in
nil the reasoning of the opinion of tbo
The case upon which the decision
was rendered was that of John M. Wil
kerson, sheriff of Shawnee county,
Kan., appellant vs Charles A. Rohrer,
brought here on appeal from the de
cision of the circuit court of the United
States for the district of Kansas Rohrer
was the original package agent at To
peca, Kan., of the firm of Maynard,
Hopkins & Co., of Kansas City, Mo.,
and was arrested the day after tbo
original package law went into
effect. He claimed that tho law
was unconstitutional and also
that it could not go into op
eration until the state had re
enacted its prohibitory law. Tho
United States circuit court for Kansas
released him on a writ of habeas
corpus The Kansas authorities then
brought the case to the supremo court
on an appeal. The court reverses the
circuit court's decree and remanded the
;ase for further proceedings
The court says the power of the state
to impose restraints and burdens upon
persons and property in promotion of
the public health, good order and pros
perity is a power always belonging to
the states not surrendered by them to
the general government nor directly
restrained by the constitution of the
United States and essentially exclusive.
The power of congress to regulate
commerce among the several states
when the subjects arc national in their
nature, it says, is also exclusive. The
constitution does not provide that inter
state commerce shall be free, but by
the grant of this exclusive power to
regulate it, it was left free except as
congress might undertake to regulate
it. Therefore it has been determined.
Bobbins vs Shclbr, taxing district, that
tlio failure of congress to exercise
this cxclnsivc power in any case is
an expression of its will that the sub
ject shall be free from restrictions or
impositions upon it by the several
states and if a state law comes in
conflict with the will of congress
the state and congress cannot occupy
the position of equal opposing sover
eignties because the constitution de
clares national supremacy and that of
the laws passed in pursuance thereof.
That which is not supreme must yield
to that which is supreme.
Tho court says that intoxicating
liquors are undoubtedly subjects of
commerce like other commodities and
so recognized, but neverthe less it has
been often held that laws prohibiting
the manufacture anil sale of liquor
within state limits do not necessarily
infringe any constitutional privilege or
immunity, this right leing rested, as in
the Mugler case, upon the acknowl
edged right of tho states to control their
purely internal affairs and in so doing
protect the health, morals and safety of
their people by regulations that do not
interfere with the powers of the
The present case arises upon the
theory of repugnancy between the state
law s and the inter-state commerce clause
of the constitution and involves a dis
tinction between the commercial power
and the police power which while quite
distinguishable when they do not ap
proach each other, are sometimes like
the colors, so nearly allied as to perplex
the understanding as the colors do the
Continuing, the court says that the
Iowa law held to be unconstitutional in
the Lvisy. original package case was
enacted in the exercise of the state's
police power, and not at all as regula
tion of inter-state commerce, but as it
amounted in effect to a regulation of
snch commerce it was held that so long
as congress did not pass any law to
regulate specifically the traffic between
the states on intoxicating liquors or
act in such way as to allow state laws
to operate upon it congress thereby in
dicated its will that such commerce
should bj free and untrammeled and,
therefore, that the laws of Iowa were
inoperative so far as they amounted to
regulations of foreign or inter-state
commerce in inhibiting the reception
of such articles within the state or
their sale upon "arrival in the form in
which imported. It followed as a
co -ollary that when congress acted at
all, the result of action must be to op
crate as a restraint upon that perfect
freedom which its silence insured. Con
gress has now spoken and declared that
imported liquors shall, upon arrival in
a state, fall within the category of do
mestic articles of a similar nature.
Continuing, the court says: "The law
of congress did not use terms of per
mission of the state to act, but simply
removed an impediment to the enforce
ment of the state law in repect to im
ported packages in their original condi
tion, created by the absence of a specific
utterance on its part It imparted nc
powes to the state not then possessed,
but allowed imported property tc
fall at once upon arrival within
the local jurisdiction. The liquoi
arrived in Kansas prior to
the passage of the act of congress, but
there is no question presented of the
right of the importer to -withdraw the
property from the-state, nor is it per
ceived that the congressional enact
ment is given a retrospective operation
by holding it applicable to a transaction
occurring after it took effect. It is not
the case of a law enacted in the unan
thorized exercise of a power exclusively
confined to congress, but of a law which
it was competent for the state to pass,
but which could not operate upoa
articles occupying a certain situa
tion until the passing of the act oi
congress. The act removes the ob
stacle and no adequate ground is per
ceived for holding that a re-enactment
of the state law was required before it
could have the effect upon imported
which it had always had upon d
aestic property. Jurisdiction attached,
not in virtue of the laws of congress,
bat because that the law placed the
propel ty where jurisdiction ooald act
tach. The decree 01 uetowu
therefore reversed "
An Insane Mother Itattrojt tier Four
Children and llrntelf.
Omaha, Neb, May 20. Mrs A. Pe
terson, the wife of a farmer near Har
lan, la., and her four children were
found dead yesterday in their cellar.
They had evidently been dead three or
four days and the mother had hanged
them, one after the other. First the
searchers found the little girl, aged 4,
with her toes touching the ground;
then her sister, aged 10, hanging near
her; a boy of 0, with one foot touching
a wash tub, on which he had stood, and
Ids brother, aged 10, suspended so low
that his feet almost touched the ground.
The mother, half smiling, had hanged
herself after dispatching her children.
All were neatly dressed and the work
had becndono deliberately with ropes
attached to spikes driven into the tira-bMr-orpt
through holes bored for
The mother evidently stood the chil
dren on the wash tub and pulled the
tub from beneath them, and as they
choked to have hanged herself. The
appearance of the younger children in
dicated a violent struggle for life. The
father had recently been committed to
on insane asylum.
The wife left a letter asking that
B1G3, which she had in bank and in the
house, be used for funeral expenses
The letter also stated that the farm was
paid for and no claim could be held
It is thought that the bodies had
been hanging since last Wednesday.
Senators Pre-empttajc Their Perches Fur
Washisgtox, May 2ii. Then- has
been considerable changing around of
scats in the senate chamber. Mr. Col
quitt, of Georgia, has pre-empted Sen
ator Joe Itrown's scat right in the
front row of the democratic side and
next to the main aisle. Mr. Carlisle
will go to Mr. Reagan's place, the old
Reck scat in the second row, facing the
vice-president Mr. llrice will get Mr.
Colquitt's old seat in the rear row ol
the democratic side, and Mr. Hill will
get the next one to Mr. Hampton. Mr.
Gordon, of Georgia, will occupy Mr.
Hates' former place and the Tennesseean
will move around to the one to be va
cated by Mr. Faulkner, of West Vir
ginia. The new senator from Louisi
ana, Mr. White, who succeeds Mr.
E u.st is, will sit where Mr. Payne, ol
Ohio, had a desk, and -Mr. Palmer, ol
Illinois, will be a close neighbor of Mr.
Harbour on the outside row.
On tho republican side the shifting
has been just as marked. Mr. Wash
burn succeeds Mr. Ingalls and Mr.
Quay will sit where Mr. Hvarts used to
do his talking. Mr. Walcott will go
from a back seat to the place vacated by
Mr. Spooner, and Mr. Dixon, of KhW.i-
I si and, will occupy the chair soon to be
vacated by Mr. Edmunds.
The Kansas statesman, Mr. Peffer.
has been awarded an extreme righ:
hand corner, seat, lately occupied by
IMPORTANT TO BANKERS.
The Ilrsponslbllltr or National Hank Di
Washisgtox, May 20. The United
States supremo court by a majority ol
five to four affirmed the judgment of
the circuit court for the Northern iliv
triet of New York in the case of Albert
11. llriggs receiver of the First Na
tional bank of Kuffalo, against K. G.
Spaulding ct al., directors of the bank.
The receiver sought to hold the di
rectors responsible for bad loans made,
by the president of the bank. No dis
honesty was charged, but it was as
serted that if the directors had given
proper attention to the affairs of the
bank it would not have failed, and that
the directors were liable to the bank.
The court holds that the directors are
simply to exercise ordinary prudence,
ami that this prudence is to governed
by usage in bank affairs. Ihis was
done in the present case.
The case is of great importance, in
volving the relations of all. national
bank directors Tho opinion was by
the chief justice.
Drivln? AeroM the Track.
PiTTsiiuKGii, Pa., May 2i The lim
ited on the Pennsylvania road abont S
o'clock last night dashed into a carriage
at Mills' crossing, near Latrobe, West
moreland county. MissMollicMcNamy,
aged 17, was instantly killed. Miss
licrtha MeCready was badly injured,
and her companion, R. Footc, torn t-:
pieces. When the train pulled into
Pittsburgh the pilot, wheels and evcii
the cab were clotted with blood, white
torn pieces of dress and strands or
woman's hair were still clinging to por
tions of the train. The ladies it seems
were driving across the track whep
struck. The engineer says he whlstlrtl
and and rang, but the horse was fright
ened and balked.
Odessa, May 2C A rumor which is
current here that tho czar intends to
make a thorough clearance of Jews
from St Petersburg, Moscow and
Odessa has caused great constcruatioir
in the Jewish colony in this city. The
Jewish residents believe this more
readily because they know that the
government has been urgently request
ed to interfere in behalf of the Chris
tians of this city, four-fifths of the in
creasing trade of Odessa, it was claimed,
being wholly in the hands of Jews,
while peasant producers and land own
ers were yearly growing poorer. A
sort of Jewish census has been ordered
by the authorities
Secretary Foster Kept Busy.
Wasiiijtotox, May 2C It is Secretary
Foster's intention to go to New York
Wednesday for the purpose of making
s personal investigation of the
customs service situation and at
the same time confer with leading
bankers and financiers in regard to
the proposed extension of the 4 per
cent loan. The determination of the
seal fisheries policy for the present sea
son is however, engaging his principal
attention at present, and unless this
question is settled at to-day's cabinet
meeting, it may result in an indefinite
postponement of the New York busi
ness. Two Tramps Killed.
WAT8KKA. 1U, May 20. Last night
three tramps, all young men, who were
stealing a ride in a box car loaded with
lumber over the Chicago & Eastern Il
linois railroad, were caught between
the lumber and the end of the car at
at this place, and one of them, George
Meyerhoeffer, was instantly killed, and
another, George Elick, was so danger
oasly hurt that he cannot live. The
oilier one, F. XL Birdorf, was injured
aboat the hips, bat it is thought he will
amtwelL Their homes are at Hamil-
twiofj, a Meyerhoeffer' remains were
THE THIRD PAKTY.
rho Cincinnati Conference Doclaxes
For a Third Party.
It In The reople'a Party or the United
States" The Platform Adopted Na
tional Executive Committee Final
Cixcixxati, May 2L Many worried,
anixous faces were in the convention
hall when tho third party began yester
day's proceedings The uncertainty as
to the platform upon which it was gener
ally thought everything else would
hinge, combined with the gloomy sky,
made a strong contrast with the scenes
of buoyant enthusiasm that were con
stantly witnessed only twenty-four
A chorus from the Formers Alliance
song book and three bangs from Chair
man Cunningham's iron hammer pre
ceded a prayer by Rev. Gilbert De La
Matyr, the ex-greenback congressman.
Mr. De La Matyr was roundly applaud
ed when he arose to pray. Frequent
and earnest omens from tho audience
punctuated the invocation, after which
the delegates seemed to feel better and
settled contentedly back in their chairs
while the Kansas Glee clnb regaled
them with a humorous ditty.
Reports from the committee of ar
rangements and the credentials now
helped to kill time pending the exciting
developments that many look for when
the platform committee was ready to
Some neat littlo schemes were evi
dently spoilt when the committee an
nounced that any delegate representing
several organizations could cast only
one vote. This created quite a sensa
tion and many significant glances were
exchanged among the delegates When
the sue of the larger delegates were
announced there was loud cheering,
tho figures being Indiana, 154; Kansas
407; Ohio, 947. The actual total num
ber of delegates reported was 1,417.
The report was unanimously adopted.
A terrific uproar was suddenly caused
at this point by Grover, of Wisconsin,
mounting a chair in the very center of
the hall and starting a harangue in op
position to organizing at once the new
When order had been restored the re
port of the committee on permanent
organization was heard and then Miss
Helen Gougar, of Indiana, was brought
forward and given an opportunity to
express sympathy for the movement
and plead for a prohibition plank in the
convention's platform. She was gener
United States Senator Peffer was at
this point introduced as permanent
chairman of the convention and was
given a flattering reception. He de
clared in sonorous tones that to be
called to preside over a body convened
under such extraordinary circumstances
was a most distinguished honor. The
assemblage before him he proclaimed
one of the most important ever con
vened on American soil. Thcv were
upon the eve of an epoch more impor
tant to the interests of the people of this
country than probably any that had ever
confronted them. They had before
tbcm a power which was crushing the
people, not only in America, but in
all the world. They were divided upon
some minor matters but, thanks be to
God, they were united on this the
money power must be deposed. There
was no such thing now as stopping
the avalanche. Let them only keep it,
however, in the middle of the road Let
them not go astray after this meeting,
but begin to-day eheers to speed the
main issue. In conclusion, Mr. Peffer
declared he was not the man that de
feated Ingalls. It was the men and
women of Kansas that defeated the
late senator from that state.
The report of tho committee on order
of business elicited applause when the
programme outlined showed o place for
the appointment of members of the
national committee. A disposition was
manifested at once to object to the
proposition to limit all speeches to five
minutes A lady delegate from South
Dakota got the floor and pleaded with
the men folks to please not to try to cut
things off so short Cries of "We are
here for business" was the reply from
a score and attempts of male delegates
to debate the question were howled
down in short order. The five minutes
rule carried the day.
Cixcixxati, May 21. When the con
vention reassembled in the afternoon a
letter from L. L. Polk, which was read,
advising the conference to issue an ad
dress and defer action on a third party
until 1892 caused a breeze, and when a
motion to refer it to the committee on
resolutions was carried there was a
loud demand notably from the Minne
sota delegation that the negative be
put more forcibly by the chair. The
demand was renewed and continued
from time to time during the reading
of a number of miscellaneous tele
grams. Mr. Fish, 01 Minnesota, argued tnat
Mr. Polk's letter was ill-timed and
claimed that it showed how useless it
would be to refer the third party ques
tion to the meeting in 1S92 at which he
and his followers would be leading
Ignatius Donnelly, chairman ol tne
committee on resolutions climbed upon
the rostrum at this juncture and almost
his first words caused a whirlwind of
excitement. The declaration that he
was there to report that the committee
on platform was a unit for the organi
zation of the third party. Two alter
natives were presented, he said, cither
to ignore a third party or divide the
friends of reform.
Mr. Donnelly then gave way to Rob
ert Schilling, of Wisconsin, secretary of
the committee, who read the platform
Tour committee on resolutions begs to
submit the following:
First That in view ot tne grc.il social, in
dustrial and economical 1 evolution now
dawning upon the civilized world nnd the
new and living Issues confronting the Amer
ican people, we believe that the time has ar
rived for a erystallzition of the polMral
reform forces ot our country and the forma
tion of what should be known as the peopled
party of the United States of America.
Second That vn most heariPy In-iorso the
demands of the platforms as adopted at St
Louis. Mo, ia ISO. Ocala, Fix. in l-9, and
Omaha, Neb, la I89L by the Indmtrial organ
izations there represented, summarized as
A The right to make and Isaac money as
a sovereign power to bo maintained by the
people tor the common benrfit. Ilrnre we
demand the abolition ot national banks aa
banks of Issue, and as a substitute for
national bank notes we demand that legal
lender treasury notes Le Issued In sufficient
volume to transact, the business of the
country on a cash basis without damage or
especial advantage to any chus or calling,
snebnotestobelrgaltendirln payment of
all debts, public and private, and such
notes, when demanded by tbo people, shall
be loaned to tarnt at not more than zpr
eent. -per ananas upon' non-Imperishable
gecdaeta as laHimte.l la the sub-treasury
plan, and also upon real estate with proper
limitation upon the quantity of rand and
amount of money.
11 no demand the irco and unlimited
coinags ot silver.
C We demand tbo passage ot laws pro
hibiting alien ownership of land and that
congress take prompt action to devise some
plan to obtain all lands now owned by alien
and foreign syndicates and that ail land
held by railroads and other corporations In
excess of such as is actually used and needed
by them be reclaimed by the government
and held for actual settlers only.
I Believing the doctrine ot equal rights
to all and special privileges to none we de
mand that taxation national, state or mun
icipal shall not bo used to build up one in
terest or class at the expense of another.
K Wc demand that all revenues nai ional,
state or county shall bo limited 10 the
mecssary expense ot the government ceo
nomically and honestly administered.
F We demand a just and equitable system
of graduated tax on income.
G We demand the most rigid, honest and
just national control and supervision ot the
means 01 public communication and trans
portation, and If this control and "ujtrr
vlslon does not remove the abuses now ex
isting wo demand the government owner
ship of such means ot communication and
II We demand tho election ot president,
vice-president and United States senators
by direct vote of the people.
Third That we urge tho united nctlon of
all progressive organizations in attending
the conference callcJ for February 22 1832.
by six of the leading reform organizations.
Fourth That a national central committee
bo appointed by this conference, to bo com-
posed of a cbairman to bu elected by this
body una ol three members Irom each stato
represented, to bo named by each stato del
egation. Filth That this central committee shall
represent tuis bodv, nttend the national
conference on February 22, 1S3.'. and, if pos
sible, unite with that and all other reform
organizations there assembled. If no satis
factory arrangement can be effected this
committee shall call a national convention
not later than June 1, 13Kf, for the purpose
ot nominating candidates for president and
blxth That tho members ot the central
coinniittiu for each stale where there is no
Independent political organization conduct
an active system of political agitation in
their respective states.
Additional resolutions not parts of
the platform were presented. They
recommended favorable consideration
of universal suffrage, demanded treas
ury notes to pay soldiers equivalent to
coin, favors eight hours a day and con
demns the action of the world's fair
commission with reference to wages
ADOPTED AMID CITEERS
Cixcixxati, May21. When the namo
of tho new party, the "people's party
of tho United States" was read by the
committee on resolutions' secretary,
the words elicited a magnificent out
burst of applause, and as each plank
was read the cheering was renewed so
frequently that the great hall seemed
to reverberate continuously.
A plank recommended universal suf
frage to favorable consideration and
another demanded the payment of pen
sions on a gold basis Tho former met
with a rather chilly reception, but the
latter was roundly cheered.
At this juncture a delegate objected
that the platform was one-sided for the
Farmurs' Alliance, but he met with
little encouragement, and Scbilling'de
clarcd that the convention was here for
harmony and the new "declaration of in
dependence." Ileanswcred that the pen
sion plank was left to the soldier mem
ber on the committee with an inquiry
whether it was satisfactory, and on his
acquiescence it was adopted unani
mously. Davis of Texas a lank six-footer in
a light suit, who had electrified the con
vention after Donnelly's speech by a
long, weird whoop of exultation, was
conducted to the platform and to the
intense delight of tho convention, re
peated the unearthly, Indian-like yelL
Then he announced himself as an ex
confederate and declared himself for
the platform everyplank and every
An extraordinary spectacle followed.
Wadsworth, of Indiana, an ex-union
soldier, rushed up to ex-Confederate
Davis in full view of tho convention,
and the two one-time mortal foes
It. W. Humphrey, of Texas, organizer
of the colored alliance, which numbers
over 500,000 members, seized with the
inspiration of the moment, suddenly
joined the ex-soldiers.
Amid a perfect cyclone of enthusiasm
a delegate moved the adoption of the
platform as read. The convention went
wild, and the delegates mounted tables
and chairs shouting and yelling like
Comanches A portion of the conven
tion in thunderous chorus sung to the
tunc, "Good-by, My Lover, Good-by,"
tho words "Good-by, old parties, good
by," and then the "Doxology."
In the forest of flags and stato ban
ners that had been gathered with the
bearers around tho trio, a Kansas man
on the shoulders of two colleagues
standing on chairs raised the Kansas
banner and held it aloft just above all
The tumult, surpassing in its remark
able suddenness and vigor anything
that previously had taken place in the
convention, lasted fully a quarter of
an hour till it ceased from the pure ex
haustion of lungs
Several delegates urged the adoption
of the report, one suggesting that it be
by a rising vote. "Question," "Ques
tion," came from all parts of the hall.
But the pent up enthusiasm had to
have vent, and one after another the
orators relieved themselves, the dele
gates from time to time calling on the
prominent men in the convention
"Weaver," "Wilkins" and others.
"Previous question," shouted the
delegates, but it had no effect on an ir
repressible man who was bound to
speak his piece. When he had finished
the chairman's gavel fell like a trip
hammer, and order was finally re
stored. The platform proper, exclusive of the
resolutions, was adopted with only
three dissenting votes a prohibition
amendment being defeated.
Then the matter of choosing a na
tional committee was called for and
Chairman Weaver declared a welcome
recess to enable the overheated; ex
hausted delegates to select members of
the national committee from their re
the satioxai. committee.
CixcnrxATi, May 2L After the recess
the roll of states was called for mem
bers of the national committee, the con
vention adopting the innovation of ap
pointing three members from each
state int-gd of one, as the old parties
The alliance congressman, J. G. Otis
of Kansas, nominated H. M. Taubeneck,
of Illinois, as chairman of the national
executive committee. There was a
outburst of cheers when the name was
mentioned. W. B. Lamb, of Texas I
seconded the nomination, saying he
bad watched Tanbeneck's record and
was satisfied. He was chosen by ac
clamation. Loud calls for Taubeneck finally
brought that gentleman to the rostrum,
where he said: "Gentlemen: Ton see
before yoa all that is left ol the cele
brated independent parly in the Illi
nois legislature, so often called the)
'Big Three.'" He added that while ho
highly appreciated the honor the con
vention bad conferred upon him, he
scarcely felt equal to doing the posi
tion of national chairman justice, but
he would do the best he could
and would rely upon the assist
ance of the other members of tho com
mittee. In conclusion he said they
were standing on the brink of the con
flict between capital and labor and the
longer that conflict was postponed the
worse it would be. '"Our politicians,"
he closed, "might as well try to stop a
cyclone or the movement of the stars as
to evade this issue."
A few moments of confused prepara
tion for adjournment sine die ensued,
then the chairman's gavel fell and the
first convention of the people's party of
the United States had passed into
Following is the nalional committee:
Arkansas U 1. Fcathcrstono, Isaac E- Mo-Cracltt-n.
J. U. A. Bush.
California Marlon Cannon, 1L C Dillon,
A. ".. Hinckley.
Connecticut Robert 1'iquo.
Florida W. IX Condon. L. ISaskins, J. O.
Georgia C. C. Post
Iowa J. B. Wcavtr. M. L. Wheat, A. J.
Indiana C. A. Powers, Lcroy Tcmplrton,
J. D. Coni'stock.
Illinois S. X. Norton, A. J. Streetcr, It K.
Kansas P. P. Elder, Levi Dumbauid, R. S.
Kentucky ILL. drives, a F. Smith, T.G.
Louisiana J. J. Mills, Dr. 1L 1L Paine, John
Massachusetts G. F. Washbur.t, K. G.
Urown.K-M Hoy n ton.
M chigan Ilea Colvin. Mrs. S. II Y.E.ucry,
John O. ZabelL
Minnesota Ignatius Iionnelty, C X. l-r
kins, Andrjw Stevenson.
Mistmir. Paul J. Dickson, J. W. UoUgen.
Maim II. S Hobby, P. A. Howard, D. W.
Xebnulta J. II. Ediueson. William Dysart.
W. II. Wist.
New York Jacob II. Stndcr. Joel J. lloyt.
Ohio IIu-o Pivjer, J. a 1L Cobb, U. F.
Oklahoma Samm-I Crocker. A K. Light,
Pennsylvania K. A. Thompson. F. K. Ag
ncw, Lewi Edward..
south Dakota J. W. Hardin, II. X. I.iuck",
Texas W. P. Lamb, Thomas Gains, J. 1L
Tennessee IL P. Osborne, G. W. J Kay,
John A James.
Wi-wonsin Robert Schilling. Alfred Man
l.eluier. A. J Phillipi.
Weil Virginia Luther C. Sliitin. ticorgo W.
Hnmmrnt. 1 homa C Ki-eny.
Wyoming IL ISrutenstcin, James A. Smith,
II. I). lU-rntt.
District of Columbia Leo Crandall, S A.
Bland. IL J. SchultersL
AMONG THE PAUPANS.
Somo of the Social ami Marriage Custom
of New Guinea.
Every foot of land with the coeoanut,
or mammy apple, or banana tree upon
it belongs exclusively to some indi
vidual of tho tribe, cither male or fe
male; is jealously guarded, and poach
ing is promptly punished, women's
rights being recognized and protected
In fact, in many ways the woman is
a more fortunate and valued personage
than the man; for instance, a yonng
man courts his sweetheart and must be
approved by her before he attempts
matrimonial negotiations After this
is settled he has to offer her parents
compensation for her loss as a member
of the household, which is generally a
little over tho equivalent of what she
takes away with her. Husband and
wife thus join a kind of life partner
ship, in which it is strictly understood
that what property she has brought
with her remains here, as his own prop
erty remains his, during their lifetime,
or while they agree to live together.
for they have separations and di
vorces also, at times in New Guinea, in
which case, if tho woman goes back to
her parents they have to refund her
compensation to the disappointed hus
band, unless sho can prove ill-usage,
in which case it is confiscated and the
man has no redress
If the couple live anddictogcthcrand
have children, their joint property is
equally divided among the survivors
There is no eldest son system among
the Papuans so far as property is con
cerned. They arc an industrious race, and
male and female have each their own
allotted portions of work, and do not
vary it in any way. For instance, per
haps half a dozen tribes are allies one
tribe devoting all its energies to mar
ket gardening; that is, the inland tribes
arc mostly gardeners while tho sea
coast tribes may be potmakcrs, boat
builders, net and mat makers, or fish
ers; so they hold markets and barter
their different wares among each other.
Each tribe owns its own war canoe,
which has been purchased equally by
every property holder in tho tribe, so
that, although the chief may be captain
while on the waters he has no greater
right to the lakatoi than any one else,
and if it is lost all the partners suffer
in the same proportion. Fortnightly
Thieves la Morocco.
A New Yorker who has spent some
years at Tangier, the quaint old sea
port of Morocco, and who returned re
cently to find the newspapers more
than ordinarily full of the misdoings of
bank and trust company officials, thinks
it is fortunate for the offenders that
they did not operate in that African
town. "They don't mince matters over
there," he says, "for a man who loses
sight of the distinction between his own
property and somo one else's When a
thief is caught in the most trivial of
fense he is told to hold np both bands.
Then they ask him which hand he
would like to keep. When he has made
his choice they cut off the other. This
naturally creates a prejudice against
kleptomania in its various forms 1
don't quite know what they would do
with a bank officer who got his clutch
on a million, but I guess they would
save the hand with the contents and
throw the rest of him to the sharks."
N. Y. Times
How many persons have any ides
how great fresco painters manage when
they wish to produce tbe figure of a
woman flying amid clouds upon a ceil
ing. In the first place the modern fres
co work is apt to be done upon canvas
which is attached to tbe ceiling after
ward. The artist disposes his model
upon a couch with pillows under her
here and there one under one leg. one
under one shoulder, another under
her head perhaps Thus he imitates
with her body the freest and most grace
ful outlines of a flying form. His can
vas is stretched upon wall or frame, and
he mounts a high ladder and, looking
down upon the model, paints her with
out painting the pillows that mold her
attitude. When he has finished and the
figure is overhead it takes oa the char
acter of an aerial creature if the artist
has asanaged as he should. Ji. Y.Smm.
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