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-'iM! AT '.J',
A farmer or workingman opposing
the people s party is about as absurd as
a negro opposing the fifteenth amend
ment. Lots o people gettin' on, but the
peoples party band wagon is a big one.
Its reach" goes around the world and
puts the hind wheels along side the
fores. Great West
The people's party has "got there"
in Maryland, Senator Gorman has with
drawn his candidate for governor. And
the battle is now between the alliance
and the g. o. p. L which is grand old
party liars. Great West.
S. O. Daws, state secretary of the
Texas alliance, writes that he -sent out
since the Fort Worth meeting thirty
charters in one day. Itettcr call an
anti-snb-treasury meeting in every state
if this is the effect. Economist
Doctrines and principles as
preached by agitators, arc laughed at
by capitalists; there is but one tiling
to make them tremble the thought
that one day the workmen of the world
ill be united Labor Advocate
Hon. J. Fount Tillman, secretary
of the executive board, has completed
arrangements by which Indianapolis,
Ind., has been agreed upon as the place
of meeting of the next supreme council.
Full details will be made public next
The man who will sell his vote or
in any way be influenced by money to
betray his fellowmen in these trying
times, is no better than Judas Iscariot
and deserves no better fate. Watch
the boodlemen, and make of them out
casts on the face of the earth. Non
conformist. It has been arranged that National
Secretary J. H. Turner will organize
the Delaware State Alliance, at liar
riiigton, September 8. Washington and
Wyoming will probably be organized
ns State Alliances before the conven
tion of the grand council in November.
Wall street says we don't want free
coinage of silver. Mr. Harrison says
the same. Mr. Cleveland says "me
too." The republican party wants Mr.
Harrison for president. The
democratic party wants Mr. Mr. Cleve
land. The laboring men will fight over
the two, but Wall street is satisfied
with either one. National Reform.
After the election in Kansas last
fall the Louisville Courier-Journal
printed the headline, "A Democratic
Victory." Now the Courier-Journal is
quite certain that the people's party is
a republican machine originated to de
stroy the democratic party. It makes
all the difference in the world, you see,
where the people's party is getting in
its work. Nonconformist
Organized society says to the poor
man: "work or die," but feels under no
obligation to furnish work. If he tries
to obey the mandate "work or die," and
goes about the country looking for a
job, he is called a "tramp," arrested
and treated as a criminal. If he docs
not go, he is called a loafer, and treated
as a criminal, "without visible means
of support" Pittsburgh Kansan.
Our farmers should not fail to read
the "Nebraska warehouse bilL" It
is a step in the direction of our
sub-treasury plan, the difference
being in the Nebraska scheme the
farmers pay from eight to ten percent,
which goes into the pockets of the
money changer, the sub-treasury plan
reduces the interest tojtwo percent,
which goes to the general government,
and aence remains in the hands of the
people. Farmers, it will pay you to
post up on these matters. Sherman
The plutocratic twins have, by the
advice and consent of Wall street cen
tered their fire on the first plank of the
alliance platform the sub-treasury
and by ridicule, misrepresentation and
down-right lying, in fact every known
style of tactics except argument, are
seeking to prejudice the people against
it This proves two things: 1st, Wall
street don't want it, therefore it is right;
"d. what is detrimental to the interest
of Wall street is beneficial to the inter
est of the people, therefore they do
want it Stand by the sub-treasury.
The alliance sub-treasury plan
largely owes its popularity to the vin
dictive opposition which has been con
stantly waged against it by both old
parties. The horrible principles which
it was said to contain, and the direful
results which were to follow its adop
tion, were held up to view in the most
odious manner. In fact it was so ex
tensively advertised that everybody
was anxious to sec it, with the natural
result that the farmers should favor the
plan, while the speculators and non
producers look upon it as the worse
thing that could happen to them. Al
Nothing exacts from a nation such
a fearful and imperative retribution as
a practical and continued indifference
to injustice. Whether it be in the field
or workshop, in the north or in the
soutli, in the churches or in the schools,
in the haunts of pleasure or the marts
of commerce, everywhere and at all
times, it evokes a spirit and cultivates
a habit that sooner or later will creep
into all habitations firing with thoughts
of revenge all hearts that feel it until
at last the foundations give way, the
temple falls and all are buried in one
common ruin. "Be just and fear not,"
are words we would do well to heed.
Pacific Union Alliance.
In 18S9 the New York exchange
.statisticians published the wheat crop
ut 523,000,000 bushels. The crop turned
out but 490.000.000. In 18J0 (July 10)
they published the crop as 435,000,000
bushels. The yield was S1W, 000.000.
Thi3 year they estimate 544,000,000
and it will turn out about 475,001,000.
It is by such exaggerated estimates as
these that the price is kept down. The
extraordinary demand for wheat this
year will be at least 100,030,000 more
than last year, and the usual surplusage
from previous crops is practically re
duced to nothing. Only the premedi
tated pounding of the bears will keep
wheat down this year. Great West
HOLDING THE WHEAT.
Who Shall Heap the Benefit or Higher
Price For Wheat ?
The question is not as to whether
wheat will go up, for that is determined
already, bat the question is, who shall
get the benefit of the rise, the farmer
or the speculator? Our effort is to se
cure for the farmer the fall value of his
The contest is only for a few weeks
at the longest for if the farmers do not
f urniah their product at the price fixed
by tie speculator, he will go to the
wall and the tide of commerce will flow
The speculator has sold your wheat
without your consent; now farmer hold
your wheat until he pays a fair price.
Take our supplement, read the facts
there set forth none of which have
been denied and then sell upon your
Country merchants will see the ad
vantage of higher prices to them, the
purchasing ability of the farmer will
be increased and their sales be larger
at fair prott and sore pay. Let every
body help destroT the sharks of the
wheat pit. Those who are well to do
eaa assist the less able, consideration
can be shewn all aremnd and thns great
N. A. DUNNING.
Biographical Mceteh or the Associate Ed
itor r the National Economist 111!
Vienrs on Vital (titrations.
N. A. Dunning was born in Seta,
Washtenaw county, Mich., October 10,
1814. Received a common school edu
cation, also attended Albion college for
several terms. He was brought up on
a farm. Taught school winters and
worked on the farm summers until
20 years of age. Went into the mercan
tile business at that time as clerk. At
tho age of 23 was married to Miss Jen
nie E. Coatsworth, of Mason, Mich.,
and began business in that town as
partner of John Coatsworth, his father-in-law.
Continued as an active business
man for over twenty years. After
closing out business, moved to De
troit Mich., for a short time and
from there removed to Washington, D.
C Has licen connected with the Na
tional EconomisJ. for nearly two years.
He wrote the "Philosophy of Price" in
1SS7. "The History of the United States
Dollar" in lS'JO and has just completed
a "History of the Farmers' Alliance and
Agricultural Digest" Has no family
but his wife, having buried an only
child, a daughter of twelve years of age,
eight years ago. He never contested
for any office, except that of supervisor,
which he held for several terms.
MB. DUXXISO'g VIEWS.
Gcorgp C Ward. Ksq , Knnsas City, Ma:
Dear Sir: You ask me for a brief
statement of my views on the political
situation. I believe in the ultimate tri
umph of truth and consequently look
upon the present evolution going on
among the people as sure indications ol
a rapid change in conditions. "Agitate
and educate" has been the motto of all
true reformers since reforms began.
Wc have passed through the prepara
tory stage ot agitation and have now
arrived at the progressive period of ed
ucation. The surprise which is now
manifested at the progress of education
among the people will be turned into
absolute astonishment in the near fu
ture at their more rapid advance
ment The agitation of the past
fifteen years has laid the founda
tion deep and strong upon which is
to be yet erected one of the grandest
structures of economic educational re
forms that the world has ever known.
Relieving these conditions to exist and
having faith in humanity to the extent
of lclicving that when educated upon
right principles a majority will act in
harmony with their teaching, I cannot
reject the conviction that the reign of
plutocracy and the oppression of the
people must soon cease. There are to
day one million men and women who
can stand before an audience and give
positive and conclusive evidence of the
righteousness and justice of the cause
for which they are laboring. These
million workers arc reading, think
ing, talking and discussing the rights
and wrongs of the people continually.
They are fearless, hopeful, honest and
persistent in their efforts and are mold
ing public opinion much more rapidly
than most observers suspect This
cause of reform is made a family mat
ter. It is talked of in the field and at
the fireside. It is in their songs, their
prayers and their Sabbath devotions.
A similar condition has not existed
among any people since the crusades of
old. It can no more be checked than
can the onward march of civilization,
of which it has become a prime factor.
It is as sure to win the victory as day
to follow night, and this, too, much
sooner than the wisest even suspect
In view of this I think the present
situation to be all the most earnest re
former could expect, and one that
should make every honest worker,
thank God, take fresh courage, and re
double his efforts.
7J y 0) .
H the Farmer Succeeds in Sec-wing Better
Price He Will Serore a Better Market
For the l'rorincU of the Wage Worker.
In the grange movement of a decade
and a half ago, the farmer sought to
increase his income by decreasing the
market price of all that it was neces
sary for him to purchase. These sup
plies were the products of wage labor,
and any fall in prices furnished an ex
cuse for reducing wages. So far as the
grange movement took this direction,
any advantage that it gained was taken
directly from the wages of the op
erative without any compensating ad
vantage from an improved market for
the products of wage labor among
farmers. The present movement of
the farmers to secure more for their
wheat is just the reverse of the grange
strike against the city mechanics, in
stead of the speculators, years ago. If
the farmer succeeds in securing a larger
price for the products of his farm, he
will furnish a better market for the
products of the wage worker, and just
the conditions under which larger
wages may bo demanded. This will be
a compensation for any increase in the
cost of living. And the higher tho
standard of living that the wage worker
can establish for himself, -the more will
tho market be worth for farm products.
As intelligent beings both farmers and
wage workers should co-opcrato to
gether to increase the market price of
labor and labor's products. The State.
Commit ThU to Memory.
The following is an extract from the
leading editorial of the Chicago Tribune
July 29th, 1891:
"The two old parties will pursue
their own course and the Farmers' Alli
ance will nursne its nath nnt!l -iin-1.
of its members recover from their mid
summer madness, when the organiza
tion will crumble to pieces, as the old
oath-bound secret know-nothing party
did. If it should appear that there wat
real danger of the "peoples party hold
incr toffether lonir ennni-h. t tin hmi
mischief, the democrats would units
witn tue republicans, from whom they
differ ehiefl-r on tha tariff nnA aAm.
and the two would fight against a com
mon enemy. When that job was ended
the tiro nartifMt would junni-ifo sm1
, .- .,-..... v.., as
sume their dispute on the tariff as of
Senator George has been badly
beaten at the conn ty primaries' in Mis
sissippi, Barksdale. the alliance candi
date, even carrjing George'-, home
A Broad and Comprehensive Plan For the
Keller or the Producers Weak and Fal
lacious Arguments Advanced By Its
CoL S. F. Norton is oat in his paper,
the Chicago Sentinel, in quite a lengthy
article in opposition to the sub-treasury
plan, from which article it is the pur
pose of the writer to quote quite freely,
in order to show the weakness and fal
lacy of the arguments advanced therein,
and the case with which these argu
ments may be utterly demolished. It
may, however, be just to Mr. Norton,
to state that his arguments arc based
upon an entire misconception of what
the sub-treasury plan really is. 51 r.
Norton takes as his text the following
editorial from President Polk's paper.
The Progressive Farmer, of Raleigh,
We have noticed with great pain that the
ilscusslon of the sub-treasury LCI, now be
fore congress, is bcin? made tho occasion
and mcaus of division anions alliaiiccmcn.
The warmest friends of the pending bill do
not licaltate to admit that It U not a perfect
bill, and wc know ot no one In tho alliance
who will contend for this specific bill for
one moment if a better bill can be brought
forward. The end sought In the sub-treasury
bill is more money. And to secure that
end every alliancemcn Is pledged; and for
Its seenrement every alllanceman, no matter
what his opinion of the present bill may be,
will light and strive.
Mr. Norton then proceeds as follows:
The above from the Raleigh (N. C ) Pro
gressive Farmer (CoL L. L. Polfs paper) is
worth more than passing notice. If it means
exactly what It says and will stand by it
there can be no difference between the Sen
tinel and advocates of the sub-treasury MIL
It the end sought by the sab-treasury bill Is
simply "more money," then, of course. If
any better method ot accomplishing the
parpose can be shown, the advocates of tho
bill will not persist in Its support.
Bight here, it may not bo out of place
to say, that those advocates of the sub
treasury plan who say that the end
sought in such plan is "simply more
money," do not themselves comprehend
tho true scopo and aims of the plan.
They have no conception of the height
and depth, the power or vast possibili
ties of the sub-treasury plan. The end
sought is not simply "more money."
The plan aims at nothing short of the
rescue of the American farmer from
the clutches of speculating gamblers
bulls and bears and the restoration to
him of his prerogative of himself affix
ing a price upon the product of his la
bors. It also contemplates the issu
ance by the government of a sufficient
volume of legal tender money to do the
business of the country upon a cash
basis, and the keeping such volumo of
money at all times at the service of the
people at a low rate of interest, thus
robbing money of its "power to op
press," which is its unrestricted power
to draw interest
Some there arc (CoL W. A. Harris, of
Leavenworth county, is quoted as one
of their number,) who say that the sub
treasury plan is a "scheme to tax the
many for the benefit of a few." Those
who advance this absurd argument arc
in bondage to superstition and blinded
by the sophistry of the money power.
They forget that tho people, through
their congress, possess tho sole preroga
tive "of coining (stamping) and issuing
money, and regulating the value there
of," and that no money was ever yet
taken from the people by taxation that
was not first issued to them by the gov
ernment This, however, is by the way.
Mr. Norton then concedes the consti
tutionality and righteousness of the
plan in tho following language:
That the government has a right to loan
money on tho sub-treasury plan there can
not bo tho slightest doubt For twenty-eight
years it has been loaning money to natioual
banks on the sub-treasury plan.
Continuing, he says:
The sub-treasury plan is olijcctlonnblo
chiefly for Its Impracticability. It is not
sanctioned by one single sound business
principle from the standpoint of tho loaner
or from the standpoint of tho borrower.
Nor Is it good, sound public policy.
In the Orst place It Is a make-shift loan. It
Is simply a method of slilnning" over a
present pinch. It gives temporary aid
only to leave tho borrower In a much
worse condition when his temporary loan
Let us suppose for Instance, that tho farm
ers of the northwest borrow monnv on
their wheat crop. They will all borrow
at about tbo same timo and for the same
time. Their temporary indebtedness to the
government will fall due ut about the same
When Is this wheat going to bo disposed
of Most assuredly the buyer for in the end
It must be sold, which means that there must
be a buyer Is not going to bny till he can
bay cheapest When will that be? Why,
Just about that time that the temporary
loan falls due and all fall dno about the
same time. The government can sell and
will sell else mast Itself become tho pur
chaserthe security (wheat) at what it will
bring, at whatever figure the buyer will
payl The buyer has been watching his op
portunity. His opportunity is when the gov
ernment mast selL The government has ad
vanced eighty per cent ot the value of the
If It now sells at Just enough to "get out
whole" the fanner has lost for he has sold
his wheat at twenty per cent discount His
temporary loan has cost him twenty per
cent. The buyer nine times in ten a specu
latorIs the man who mrkes the money. Just
the same as now. And the chances arc a
hundred to one that either tho government
or the farmer loses In the transaction. The
government will either advance too much
and will have to sell at a sacrifice; or it is too
cautions and does not advance enough and
the farmer loses.
Bosh! Mr. Norton here betrays his
utter ignorance of the elementary
princpiles underlying the sab-treasury
plan. What pat it into his head that
this wheat most be sold by the govern
ment? By what process of reasoning
does he arrive at the conclusion that
the crop of wheat must be all sold at
the same time and that time at the end
of twelve months, when the loans fall
Does he not know that his italicized
factor, the buyers, will be the consum
ers of America; those who eat the farm
ers' wheat? And is he not aware that
they must eat or die? Or does he sup
pose that the American consumers will
starve for twelve months in order to
buy when they can buy cheapest? In
this mighty exhibition of parsimonious
abstinence Dr. Tanner's record would
The whole argument is a string of
flimsy fallacies. Under the benign op
eration of the sub-treasury plan, the
farmers being in a position to bold their
wheat can afford to play a wating game
and leave their wheat in the nation's
care, subject to the inexorable demand
of legitimate cosumption. With eighty
per cent of the value of their products
in their hands, costing them a nominal
rate of interest, they would themselves
receive the legitimate price for products,
based upon demand for consumption
and paid by consumers, instead of, as
now, seeing the most of that price go to
enrich a lot of speculating parasites.
"The buyer (who) has been watching
his opportunity," will get all-fired hun
gry before he gets a chance to embrace
an opportunity that is very attractive.
Mr. Norton then says:
Another objection Is that it Involves the
employment of avast army of agents to at
tend to the details; the risk of taking care
of the property and the risk Is great; the
hazard of the fluctuations of the market;
the risk ot losses through dishonest and In
competent officials whose name is legion;,
the perishable nature ot all farm products
in spite of the contention ot those advocates
who assert that It Is only upon "imperish
able products I"
The question of the employment of
"a vast army of agents" is frivolous.
The same "army of agents" is now em
ployed and the farmer foots the bill.
So Jar as taking care of property iscon
eerned, speculators now take care of it,
and amass fortunes in spite of the
"risk," Then them are the same old
chestnuts of "dishonest officials," etc.,
etc. none of which are worth noticing-.
Incidentally, however, Mr. Norton
m. isaaw mgrn. whiah Maybe
based the strongest argument that may
be made for the sub-treasury plan. He
speaks of the "hazard of the fluctua
tions of the marketP' Under tho work
ings of the sub-treasury plan there
would be no fluctuations of the market
With money to tide them over their
pressing needs, and secure in the pos
session of the warehouse receipt for the
equity in their products, the farmers,
organized as they now arc nationally,
and by states and counties, could divide
the sum total quantity of their products
into monthly or weekly quotas, aud
affixing a uniform or equitable priec for
the year sell direct to actual consumers
at such price, one-twelfth of their total
products -each month. No, indeed!
There would bo no "fluctuations in the
market" Fluctuations arc .made by
speculators and gamblers, and the sub
treasury plan would release the farmer
from the thralldom of their sway.
Mr. Norton then says:
T!usc are some of the objections so far as
the transactions are concerned between the
government and tbo lender. Anothrr and
still greater objection is the sudden and un
co3trofab!e fnflation of the currency which
would follow tho harvesting of crops. An
enormous amount ot money would suddenly
be put Into circulation only to bo followed
by Just as sudden a contraction when tho
government realizes on its temporary loan,
1. c. when the farmers pay their debts to tbo
At the lowest possible estltnito one thou
sand million doltars would have to be put
out by tho government, say, during tho
months ot August September and Octolxr.
This could remain out say, for six months,
at the end of which time It must be returned
to the government It must be rt turned,
cay, during the months ot February, Uareli
and April. An I It does not matter whether
the government sells it or the people sell it
the money which Is loaned mut ba p-iid
back. It there Is not an "expansion" and
contraction" that will make the hair ot any
level-headed old grcenbaekcr stand on end
then we can't Imagine what would. Tdlk
about the evils caused by tho power ol tho
banks to "Inflate" and "contract" tho cur
rency rind then compire them with that
produted by the snb-trcaury plan!
Here Mr. Norton leaves the consid
cration of the plan and proceeds to the
discussion of a specific bilL I am glad
that the people are called upon to dis
cuss, not any specific bill, but the sub
I am free to confess that I do not con
sider that the Vance and Picklcr bills
are wise or practicable in some of their
provisions and details aor do I believe
that they arc in accord with the Ocala
demands or the Cincinnati platform.
the financial plank of which reads
A Tfic right to make and Issue money Is a
Mver:gn pow er to be maintained bythrpco
ple for the common beneut, hence wc de
mand the abolition of national banks, as
banks of issue, and us a substitute for na
tional bank notes demand that legal tender
treasury notes be ismed in sufllclcnt volume
to transact the business of the country on a
cash basis without damage or speciul advan
tage to any class or calling; such notes to bo
legal tender In payment of all debts, publto
and private, and such nott s, when demanded
by the people, shall bo loaned to them at not
more than two per cent per annum upon
iion.pcrlshablo products, as indicate! In tho
sub-treasnry plan, and also upon real estate,
with proper limitation upon quantity of laud
and amount of money.
The alxjve plank certainly contem
plates the issuance of a volume of
money (notes) sufficiently large to do
the business of the country upon a cash
basis, "such notes" (not a supplemental
issue) but the notes constituting such
'Sufficient volume," to be loaned to tho
people upon real estate and non-perishable
products. Hence, I conclude that
the provisions of the sub-treasury bill,
which provides that such notes when
paid back to the government, shall be
"cancelled and destroyed," is not in
accord with tho Ocala demands. Now
5Ir. Ix r'.on advocates government
loans upon land, and vc will suppose
that the same sub-treasuries or Uni
ted States banks that loan upon real
estate, also loan upon United States
bonded warehouse certificates, or
receipts for non-perishable products.
Just as there will be real estate
loans, continually being paid back to
the government, so also will there be
loans repaid that were made upon non
perishable products, such re-payments
being made with precise regularity, not
in one or two months, but day by day,
week by week and month by month, as
the regular quota of products is with
drawn from the warehouses for con
sumption, and varying very little in
amount one week from another. More
over, as wheat, corn and cotton are
ready for storage in different quarters
of the year (wheat July, August and
September; corn October, November
and December; cotton about the same
time as corn, but where they raise cot
ton they raise but little corn, and vice
versa) there would be a constant out
going and incoming, a steady borrowing
and repaying of money continually go
ing on. By the way, is there not an
immense amount of money borrowed
now from private bankers upon wheat,
corn and cotton? Why is it that the
opponents of the sub-treasury plan
never say anything about the infla
tion caused by the withdrawal of
the vast sums of money from the bank
vaults necessary to buy the farmer's
crops or make him "advances" (loans)
upon such crops? That money is just
as surely and securely hidden from
circulation in the bank vaults of the
country as would be the money in the
government vaults under the sub
treasury plan. And under the present
system the "inflation" is 100 per cent
instead of SO per "cent of the value of
the crops or "non-perishable products."
Why should money amounting to 80 per
cent of the crop, advanced by govern
ment at two per cent cause a 'Sudden
and uncontrollabe inflation of the cur
rency" if money advanced by tho
bankers at from 8 to 18 per cent,
amounting to 100 per cent of the valno
of the crops, causes no inflation at all?
"What fools we mortals be."
Finally, does Mr. Norton believe that
the plutocrats would be more likely to
acquiesce in the government plan?
Gf.oue C Ward.
The boss' plug hat sits high on his head.
And his tongue goes flipperty flop.
Watch the plug hat when thu farmers come
And I think you will hear something drop.
The greedy mortgage holder counts his
And tho Interest seems never to stop;
But when the alliance gets matters fixed up.
You will be sure to hear something drop.
He'd best keep his eyes peeled, for the alli
ance Is here.
And is working itself to the top;
So you won't have to listen very long I'm
Before you will hear something drop,
So, fanners, dont worry, for your day will
Just go straight ahead without atop;
When mortgage comes due Jus t set back and
For you are go tag to hear something drop.
If you go to the bank to get some ot their
For Interest they will take all your crop;
But when Uncle Sam makes us two percent,
I think you will hear something drop, .
So keep straight ahead, ye aUlaaces brave.
Ton are sure to come out on the top.
And I think In "92 when voting tlBM eomea.
Old Shylock will bear seaMtahMj drop.
-C. 8. Watte.
The fiaanetal plank -of the Mary-
iaaa aeasoeraue eeareatsea is
die' .that shotM asals Jft W
Th best time to finish hogs for mar
ket is in the moderately cool weather in
A careful breeder will avoid the show
pig whose fat too often covers up his
When an animal has matured it gains
very slowly and the gain is nearly en
tirely in fat only. A young, growing
animal gains in meat fat and bone.
One of the best feeds for giving tho
pigs a good start to grow Is sweet corn,
cut off and fed stalk and all. In this
way it mill be found an economical
In Per. tl and it is considered that a
good cow, on good grass, should milk
about twenty-eight gallons of ten
pounds per week (that is, unless long
calved) which should yield about ten
pounds of butter.
In Ireland from five to twelve pounds
of butter a week is considered a fair
yield from the first-class Irish cows.
About eight or nine pounds of butter a
week and thirty pounds of milk a day
is considered a good average.
In many cases a little extra feed now
for a short time will put stock in condi
tion so that they can be sold. Winter
only such animals as can be properly
sheltered and cared for, and let them
be those that will make a good growth
for the food supplied.
The man who has a bunch of "top"
steers in good shape and wants to
market them early in the fall or winter
will usually find it to his profit to feed
a small amount of corn of grass, no
matter how abundant the pasture, for
nothing will pat that thick Christmas
fat on steers as well as corn fed with
Those who have followed it after tho
most approved methods claim that more
money is to be made from raising calves
for veal than from the ordinary farm
dairy where butter and cheese are the
great products. The cows should bo
fed but little grain when they come in.
The oil meal, shorts, oats and such
food given with hay is preferable- to corn
meal or heavy grains.
With good pasturage almost any class
of stock can be fattened more readily
and at a less cost than when they must
depend largely upon dry feed. This is
one strong reason why it is best to push
tho feeding of the unthrifty stock and
market before the pasturage begins to
faiL Look over the stock and select
out those that under favorable condi
tions havo not done as well as others
managed in the same way.
With hogs and cattle especially quick
growth and early maturity arc neces
sary if the best profit is realized; this
implies a good grade of stock to feed.
They must be animals that when given
good pasturage and plenty of water in
summers and good shelter, good care
and plenty of feed in winter, will make
a steady gain until they are matured,
and when they arc matured the sooner
they aro marketed the better.
In preparing tho ground for wheat
keep the best soil aud fertilizer near
the surface, to insure a good crop.
One of the principal causes in failing
to secure a good even stand of grass is
that sufficient seed is not used in seed
ing. Sow plenty of seed and then dis
tribute sis evenly as possible over thtf
Farm machinery and implemcnts.arc
the most costly items of farming, and
quite a saving can be made by cleaning
up, oiling and painting well, and stor
ing under shelter when their work ii
What about that flock of barnyard
owls? Many flocks hardly keep tho
farmer's table supplied with eggs ano
broilers. A good breed will, under
proper management, yield far more in
profits than docs common stock. The;
eat no more.
Big potatoes stories arc slow about
comiug in, but as a starter we mention
that a tuber, of the Cuyahoga variety,
weighing one pound and thirteen
ounces, was dug from one of the ex
perimental plats at the college, July 22.
Manhattan (Kan.) Nationalist
Quite a number of farmers arc stack
ing their wheat and will hold for a sea
son. Others are building granaries and
some are marketing. Those who can.
will IikeIyhold for better prices, and
thus our wheat will go out more grad
ually than was at first anticipated.
Anthony (Kan.) JournaL
As soon as grain is harvested look
carefully to the clover seeding. If it
has failed ho time should be lost in
plowing the field and trying another
grain crop, this time sowing some
timothy seed in fall so as to be sure oi
a catch of some kind. Often, however,
it will be found if the grain Is stout that
the clover is not killed, but merely held
One of our Kansas farmers had a
field of nearly one hundred acres ol
wheat which he has threshed out, and
finds the yield to bo forty-four bushels
per acre. Northern Shawnee will pro
duce thousands of bushels of peaches
this season. Some farmers expect to
pick from 100 to 500 bushels. Such a
crop of peaches was never before raised
in the state. Topeka Mail.
For soiling rye is one of tho best
crops that can be used. It can be sown
in the summer or early fall after tho
crops hare matured, and will make a
sufficient growth to be plowed under in
the spring in time to plant to corn. It
will grow in thin land. It makes its
growth when, to a great extent the
land is idle, and if plowed under in
good season is a valuable fertilizer.
A good rye patch is of special value
to the brood sows and growing pigs
during the winter. So far as it is pos
sible, growing pigs should have green
food and they will keep healthier and
thrive better if this is supplied. Dur
ing the winter rye will furnish this
more economically than anything else.
It is of no advantage to keep stock
that will not make a sufficient growth
or gain to return a fair profit for the
feed given, Breeding stock must, of
course, be kept for the increase, but if
properly managed they can really be
All surplus matured chickens should
oe sold now. Prices will generally
keep down until severe cold weather,
and the sooner they arc marketed the
In cutting green fodder to feed the
horses feed it fresh. If let stand it is
liable to sour.
It is not the breed that thrives with
little care, bat the one that receives
care that pays.
Much millet and Hungarian is often
injured for hay by allowing it to get
too ripe before cutting.
Store np plenty of hay; it makes one
of the best of cattle feeds in winter.
For soiling, rye is one of the best
crops that can be sown. It starts te
grow rery early in the spring and will
usually be ready to cut off earlier than
anything else. In many cases this will
sie found quite aa advantage.
A good cement for stopping np
cracks and leaks is made by mixing
two quarts of freshly slacked lime
with one pint of cement moisten with
bkias mflk to-the eoaatetency oJ
It m important .to 'give laying hen
goad attention. While they can br
riven, a .fall nace..they shonld br
ALL OVER THE CONTINENT.
Thesis are no street cars allowed to
run in Canada on Sundays.
VExnsrtXAStx established tho first
oospital in America in 173L.
CALTFonaiA has 3,075 of the giant
trees still left, and of theso ths largest
Is 33 feet in diameter.
Is sections of Florida cabbages ore
being given away for cattle feed, such
.i drug arc they on the market
Is the United States there are 3,600.
000 hives belonging to 70,000 boo grow
ers and producing C2.000 pounds of
A mas la Muskegon, Mich., has gon
to making cuspidors of his own inven
tion, which can bo eo!d two for five
cints, or thirty cents n dozen so cheaj
that pooplo will throw them away, in
stead of cleaning them, after use.
Too Drtisir. Qucstcr "How has
business b?cri with you this week,
Jester? Active?" Jester "Active!
Well, I should remark! It's been so all
fired activo that it's completely got
away from me." Boston Courier.
Death and Taxes
Arc no! surer than the fact that if yon art?
ons'.ipated, the most efficient, as well as the
i-Mst i-ainful laxative, is liostetter's Stom
r.cli Hitters, sen tie and thorough, not vio
lent and weakening like a drastic cathartic.
Together with the bowels, the liersml
tmach are regulated and invigorated by
Ihis genial reformer, which also subjugates:
malaria, rheumatism, neuralgia, nervous
ness ami disorders ot the kidneys.
Ir n woman would change her sex, what
would bo licr religion! blio would bo a
bo then, or course. National Weekly.
Tnn spoon crazo pervades tho watcrin
(I:iees. It takes only two to mako a full
set Boston licrald.
The Only One Ever rrinted. Can You Find
Each week, a different 3 Inch display la
published in ths paper. There are no two
uorils alike in either ad . except One word,
rids word will ba found in the ad. for Dr.
Barter's Iron Tonic, Little Liver Pills and
Wild Cherry Hitters. Look for " Crescent"
trade mark. Kcad the ad. carefully and
when you mid tho word, send It to them and
they will return you a book, beautiful Utho
gruphs and sample free.
The man who wants tho earth need not
exiHvt to get it without advertising. Iudi
"Tins Is very well put," remarked the
clitnr. :.s ho dropped llio poem Into the
ivy-ti hssltrt Wisshitieton fctar.
Impcke Blood Is tho primary cansc of the
m.ij-irity of diseases to which the huin.tn
family ia subjee:. Tlio blood in passing
t':roi:ph tiio system visits every portion j
the lioJj-If pure, carrying strength aud
vitality; if impure, disease and death.
H!oo i poisoclii is most dangerous. Prickly
Asli Hitters wilt render the last impossible,
and will reinil.im the system so thai hcaitu
will ho a sure, result
A jirsic dealer advertises "Tho Smoker's
!V:i!T." A spit tune, probably. Boston
It ti!:cs :ui unusually koo-1 swimmer
newauuvs o iluut u loan. Hilton f leralil.
THE GENERAL MARKETS.
KANSAS CITY. Ail!.-. !'.
CATTLE SlilppincSUers.... J 1 I. 17)
I'.utrliurs' Klivrj... ;T" e 4 a
K.itiVo cows Iiii c 2";5
IlUUSUootl to choice heavy 1 1 a i.K
WIIKAT -Vo. 2. red !! V V!
Xo.?h.ird IMsa 1V
COKS No.'. W, a U, i
OATS No. 2 17 sf :'.'!
KVK Xtl.2 VI !K
iLOUi: Patents, per sac!:. Z.'l u 21'l
Faiicy l'Ji w l'-
HAY Ilalid 31 O t.oi
lltrTriMI t'lioicw creamery.. ! t 17
Clin!.;-!; Full cream a J t'j
KtKJS Choice II a 11
CAOJX Ilaius 'J l'J
Snouldcrj.... ........ 014. ft;
Ijulcs 7 u Vs
i-ai:i Ms- n
rul'ATOKS - 3J ID
CATTLE Shipping tc-r.s.... 5OT i 570
llutciicrs' ste.rs 3i 5I
HOGS rucking " v HI
slIKKr Fair to choice I 7i f ITS
KI.OUK Choice l:l U 501
WIIKAT No 2. red 1H a 10Ii
CORN No. 3 w Cl'J
OATS No. 2 li il-'i
KYK No. 2 ! U S-Vs
HUT I El: Creamery 'S l'J
POISK 1925 O 10 JJ
CATTLK Shipping steers 5 40 3 5
HOUS Parking and sulpiiiii.; '') a 5 3;ij
ell EKF Fair to choice 5 a SH
KLOUi: M"lnt r wheat ! V 515
WHEAT No. 2 red 112 ' H'.'t
COUN-No.2 C'! I". 'i
OATS Xo.2 iM a I1.''.
KYK X". 2 1 1 - "-'
i:uTTi:i: Crcauii-ry H a i
I-UUK 3 101W
CATTLE Common to prune- SI." a CW
I'OCS Cixi-l t-i choice T. IK) a f-"
Kl.oUlt Uo-i'l to choice i:n a t.7.1
WHEAT Xo.2. red UN lli'l
colsX X 2 7'. a :;
OATS Western mixed al a J7
Ill'TTKIl Crciaicry li'i :o
roi'K wso ft uio
The smallest is the fcst
in pills, other thinjp iK?injr equal,
lint, with Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pcl
lfts, liothintj else m equal. They're
the best, not only because they're
the smallest, and the easiest to take
but because they do more pood.
They cleanse and regulate the liver,
Etomach and bowels in a way the
huge, old - fashioned pill doesn't
dream of. Think of trying to regu
late the system with the ordinary pill.
It's only "good for upsetting it.
These are mild and gentle but
thorough and effective, no pain no
griping. One little telaz for a laxa
tive three for a cathartic. The
best Liver Pill known. Sick Head
ache, Bilioiio Headache, Constipa
tion, Indigestion, Bilious Attacks
and all derangements of the liver,
stomach and bowels are pnevented,
relieved and cured.
Put up in sealed vials a perfect
vest-pocket remedy, always conven
ient, fresh and reliable.
They're tho cheapest pill yon. can
buy for they're guaranteed to give
satisfaction, or your money is re
turned. It's a plan peculiar to Dr.
You pay only for the good yon
get. Can you ask more?
"Health and Pleasure on America GreJJ.
wtrood1' U the title of a etarajBg W
UecuedbyttoFsengrgrV mentor tho New York Central f.g0!
River railroad, with new and attractive
f?resdded to the publication of former
y The" f ronUspiece is a lino rWmjtVaX wo-Westructure-UeWashington
the Harlem, but that U merely a 1 bint of the
beauties that follow. ? wVjgSS
over the book can fail to get ?15k
sive idea of tho wealth ofceV
which the rood posses, not .to mention the
valuable information that is systematically
arranged throughout the book in regard to
the hotels and boarding houses, the prices
of board, the faros, the distances, the possi
ble excurs-oa. and. in a svonl. all that that
usually laqnlnn;.' person. y,c.S-um'"criI?Jir
ist, c-an K)ssiblv-tuink of dcsirintf to Irarn.
Copies of the book will h? o""
to any address ucn receipt oT ten ccate
pot lace by Goirso U. Daniels, General I as
.enAnt, Grand Central Station New
Yorii, or W.B. Jerome, General Western
ussenser Agent, Chicago.
rnoro.1: two wear tight snocs; mny not
tal;o tho prizo nt a calte walk, but tl.cv often
secure ttio bun i- a, bunion. ashiuston
A rieastng Sen
Of health and strength renewed and of ease
and comfort follows the use of Byrup or
Fi-s as it acts in harmony with nature to
effectually cleanse tho system when costive
or bilious. For salo in SOo aad tLCO bottle
by all leading druggists.
It fs no wonder that ttio Fprinff chicken
ran bo.st of a largo crop when lie taken
ovcr.v.liing in by tlio pec!:. Baltimore
Fh'cncl next the skin often prodiices a
rush, removable with Glenn's SulpliurSoap.
1IUI s Hair and Whisker Dye, to cents.
Suxdat Is tlio summer landlord's day Of
wiost. Boston Transcript.
Rest, easiest to use and cheapest. Fiso'a
Remedy for Catarrh. By druggists. 22c
Have You Tried It?
Try H Haw!
Go f o your Druecist, hand
him one dollar, tell him you
want a bottle oi . . .
The Best Medicine known
for the CURE of
All Diseases ef the Urer,
All Diseases of tfc Stoma,
III Diseases o( tha Kidneys,
All Diseases of ins Boxers.
PURIFIES THE BLOOD,
CLEANSES THE SYSTEM,
Restores Perfsst Health.
EWIS' S8 $ LYE
Tho ttmnvrt end trirint Lvo
ln.vlc. Will make tlio Irst j.t-r.
tr,f;)ut tx.rfii .. It is the best
for ulcnnsiufr waste pipes, ilis
iuXfcthuj sinks, I'loaots, wash
iu bottlf-s (win's, trees, etc
PEHNA. SALT MTG CO.,
Ceo. Agts., riiilo., Pa.
ervthincr: only try it
A house without Pearline is "behind the times."
Petlcllers and some
te as cool as " or
'eariinc is never
thing in place of Pearline. do the honest thins
"When stovens get Kdy they polish ttie
t U .& LtA MMS ifbsAOSl
Dorroms uj uit9jjMK.-vfiwii
fere 4 vetflsaagaiCTnev
never tired of
Two servants in two neighboring houses dwelt,
But differently their daily labor felt;
Jaded and weary of her life was one.
Always at work, and yet 'twas never done.
The other walked out nightly with her beau,
But then she cleaned house with SAPOLIO
My wife and child liarinp a wti-to attaoV f V)ivnittf
Congo, wo thought that tvo would try Pint's Cor for Con
sumption, and lonnd it a perfect bucws. Thf Hrt tvtUa
broko up tho Cough, und four Nittlni cutnpStfrty cured
them. IL 6txisoee, 1147 Superior SL, Chicago, lUlnol.
water in the ilem bnkUac tn
TkOClt anrne -water tn the alcn bnldlaar
whrret!rata (ran. and iMlfit la water Ucttf.1
There aieili In the market that Irak aery nice I
sot win leak at ererr aram. W ararraat I
Tovtrt IMPROVED Pisb Br&nst I
t saber bunts
a team, and ice
; leak at ertty sea
SMcMcr to be water tatfct at eiery waul and
ntr)hcn tlx: aba fe ft! er Kick. u4
Btharueuar dealers to make fm&xjSB&m
Watth art fee tie mfl Wtclm filar
sad ritk arm J Trmit Mart.
HAVE YOU a
waswlattwe. rervwr aasai Amm, otev p
sad Mil MnittamMoir
I fMt aaUtl - -- feMaTH aU
nt umnbto ckfonle
enters. . - -
turo cure Bar
cunfcwiccs . 5
as cured thememat. c
UlA lwrful toale tor!e
its persons, jet. Is MrmK'?
on.l InrataUo r injunns u
A treatise on Blood sad fWa
D&aa call-st nut on pi
cutlon. Dmggiiti Sell It
SWIFT SPECIFIC CO.,
Brawer 3, Atlanta. G.
A. Bellanger, Propr. , Stove Foun
dry. Montagny, Quebec, writes: "I
have used August Flower for Dys
pepsia. It gave me great relief. I
recommend it to all Dyspeptics as a
very good remedy."
Ed. Bergeron. General Dealer.
Lauzon. Levis, Quebec, writes: "I
have used August Flower with the
best possible results for Dyspepsia."
C. A. Barrington, Engineer and
General Smith. Sydney. Australia.
! writes: ' "August t lower nas em.-x.icu
a coiup.-'. c -e :t my cas;. it act
ed like a miracle."
Geo. Gates, Corinth, Miss. .writes:
" I consider jour August Flower the
best remedy in the world for Dys
pepsia. I was almost dead with
that disease, but used several bottles
of August Flower, and now con
sider myself a well man. I sincerely
recommend this medicine to suffer
ing humanity the world over."
G. G. GRL'EX, Scte Slannfacturer,
Wocdbarr, New Jersey, U.S. A.
1)0 SOT Gr.!PK nOIl SICffEX
Sure car for SXrU II HA IV
ACII1;. impiif-d dixctio.coiTPU-
l.;ai wrjaai, irnun nswra,
linen. Act like mcpeodKid-
ilion xicrvon ur
ortlcrt. EitiilUh tat
urd V2.1LX ACTIOI.
complex. rm, djt pnmjins
.t uul I LCEI.T VtET.lBLX.
lis, , i, hb!t luSiurtr-l tnlr!, w one rJl tin
rwrU liu imwli.' li T-il rorulni ti. m IW in
rocH. l,i.c l.-sJ r:'l Iln-im-M man's iM
cixnrKir" "ijlraM-Ier t1anr. scUCT
fcOP All f eiiulBj rl ! -!.' nt.
Cn.tM3TR HEUICIXE CO., St. LcoiC He.-
II MM I
3 W ?!Z 7
A-head oi everything
that can be used for washing
and cleaning, is PEARL
IN E. Ifyourworkisheavy,
it is a necessity; if your
ivorkishght, it isaluxury.
It lessens the labor of
in the houseworlc
There's nothingso harm
less nothing so effect
ive nothing so popular
and yet so new it is rapidly
intr dishes try it for washing any-
for your own sake and ours.
unscrupulous grocers will tell yon. wis
" the same as Pearline. 1 1 S f Al-3t
peddleil. and if your grocer sends you some
sen, it fait. i JAMES PYLE, New Yo.
KO CRASOK OF CUKAT3 IfXZDKP.
WI WHO. SEND TO V TESTMOKT
ntOX PEOPLE WHO
IOVE HEAB, YO7.
CURED stay CURED.
P. KAMU HATES, M. ,
avntaVaVO. . y
tr NjuxatTovaraBnooML.! ,
Beaaedyitlasini inillml uia.
mst wf BwsijMie I narweuea
ereaee. asreejaeapei leaest Laetf raaw
CUT. Hlaaa I
MIMeawaawa Miaanaai fifiiaf hewnip
aa ew- a . M" - 1: ' J
JW -J JLJ -. spaw. aw t-J?
T1". swaWwaweat wraF 4WawTaCTsaawaawf W9BM. 'jSVl
T5r " j-t.
-.v? ' O - -
' " -f- Ss-'r-",,J"e Z
W .("- "5-,
vV.sjSXrN -: "'- .
r.Jc ?VX s.