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title: 'Dodge City times. (Dodge City, Kan.) 1876-1892, October 16, 1891, Image 1',
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The Dodge City Times:
DODGE CITY, KANSAS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER
lueofl THE TRUE ISSUE. I words, put silver on :
Money is the creation of law.
Tbe privileged classes must go.
Republicanism leads the people to
poverty, poverty to crime, crime to per
dition. If the people's party are calamity
bowlers, the republican party are ca
The prosperity yawpers arc trem
bling at the ever-onward march of the
If it had not been for silver money
the contraction in two years must have
been S47. 740, 137 instead of the claimed
expansion of SI SO, 2 13,1. V.i, or a differ
ence of S177,!i.)S,23;.
Wc give the republicans to under
stand that we will howl, howl, lion,
till the last privileged thief is driven
into bis den or hung up by the neck.
Our dtbtt stand for our investments,
and not for our losses. They represent
our enterprise and not our misfortune,
our proijxrity and not our poverty.
Kansas Republican League.
The law of supply and demand, as
relates to all products of labor, is not
Pzd'Atlllilt!lll -7'li''' 4 -
. ., rr-vTO5. -
t-itt: i-tKiu , i4'i
fctftrl iifW&.'6 --
The Conditions that Pi
the People's Ballots, Prevail in 1892.
Speculator Hello! my friend, what have you there?
Silveu Miner A nice brick of silver. Just one hundred ounces of fine, pure silver.
Speculator You don't say &o! Well, 111 give you justone hundred dollarsforit, which is its full commercial valic,
Silvek Jlixr.u Xo you don't! What d'ye take me for? All I have to do is to just take this brick down to the
United States mint yonder anil get one hundred and twenty-nine silver dollars for it.
Spi.cul.vtop. I'll le if I believe I can buy any silver for less than S1.20.
the sole regulator of price. There is
am.ther consideration The supply and
demand of mouey. Weekly Toiler.
The alliance is raising a multitude
of leaders as safeguards for the peo
ple's rights in the future. It is sur
prising to see how intelligent some of
these hay-seeders are. Alliance Echo.
"I have some very cheap farms for
sale, taken on mortgages, which I want
to sell at just exactly what they cost.
This is a chance to get a farm cheaper
than yon will ever see again." Adv.
in Emporia (Kan.) llazettc.
. Kogcr Q. Mills has heard from the
late New York democratic convention
which met in Saratoga, but was ma
nipulated by Wall street, and has gone
liack on free coinage of silver, and now
declares it w ill afford no relief tariff
is the only issue. Missouri World.
The busy season is over and the
nights are growing longer. Now is the
time to rally your forces. Let every
allianecman be at his post and be there
ior a purpose, make things lively, set
the world afire with your enthusiasm
and the case is sure to win. Alliance
There is but one condition upon
wiucu we would consent to a con
tinrcd demonetization of silver, and
that is that gold shall also be demone
tized. While the two metals are used
for money. Their position must be the
same as to coinage and tender. There
is safety in no other course. Pacific
A grand alliance barbecue is an
nounced at Pittsfield, III, October 14th
and 15th. Senator Peffer, Hon. L. F.
Livingston and Mrs. Lease will posi
tively be present, and PresiJent L L.
Polk and others are expected. Prepara
tion is being made to feed 15,000 people.
The committee calls for 2,000 to defray
the expenses of feeding the multitude.
The allianeemcn of Illinois are de
termined not to be outdone by their
southern and western brethren.
Alliancemen, keep cool. lie calm.
Keep your nerve. Hut stand to your
guns like men. He as firm to your
priuciples as the rock of Gibraltar.
This campaign of lying, vituperation
and base slander, is only carrying out
the plot that was deliberately planned
months ago in Xew York city, notice
of which was given through the Pro
gressive Farmer at the time. Let the
other fellows do the lying. Let us
stand by truth and principle.
Raleigh, (N. C) Progressive Farmer.
Secretary Foster says he can use.
in case of necessity, the S100, 000,000 in
gold held to redeem greenbacks.
There is no doubt of it That money
has been kept in the treasury for
twelve years for no other purpose than
to keep it out of the channel of trade.
The original resumption act contem
plated the retirement of greenbacks
with gold bnt it was amended so as to
prohibit the retirement of greenbacks
and therefore there is and has been no
use to keep that $100,000,000 in the
treasury. Missouri World.
Soon after the gold discoveries in
California a move was made in Europe
to demonetize gold. The German states
and Austria demonetized the yellow
metal in 1S57. Failing to get England's
co-operation (England had a gold stand
Bid) the movement was changed to one
tor the demonetization of silver. Had
the proposed gold demonetization in
Europe succeeded, we presume John
fiherman would have secured the de
monetization of gold in tbe United
States, and would allege as a reason
way gold should not be remonetized
that it had
TIip I)oul;lo Mamlard of ISi-Matalllsra
Would Antommtic-ally Keep the Two
Slf-taU at a l'arily With Each Other.
The Boston Herald sprinkles its ed
itorial columns with reference to "a
bound currency" and "honest" cur
rency. This "sound" and "honest"
currency, of course, means the cur
rency measured by the single gold
standard. Such talk may satisfy peo
ple who arc gullible, and it no doubt
satisfies the goldolators whom our Bos
ton contemporary represents, but the
people, know, if the Herald does not,
that the adoption of the single gold
standard, in response to Great Britain,
v. as not only the most dishonest piece
of ligisiation the country has ever seen,
but has resulted in a system of robbery
that ha cost the wheat grovers and
cotton planters of this country hun
dreds of millions of dollars every year.
The people know that the single gold
standard is essentially a dishonest one.
It is a standard that robs the debtor for
the benelit of the creditor, and places
the money power of the country in the
hands of a few money sharks who
ilourish off the blood of the poor. It is
dishonest, because gold has long ago
passed "beyond the true money value,
and is too precious to be used as a
measure of xalucs. The most frequent
Grains or pure
I'ullloii Value of a sl.ver, at av-
SHver Dul'ar. erage price,
Yur. ittiH United
H'Kli- Low-I.Wcr- States lol-
ev. cit. I ne. 1 tr.
1S7I s J.'tJC .t.ifSI Sl.'Ot i"t5".7T
1"7. 1 fn .-.!) . 371.76
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lbl .... .Kl, :; .fcw; 419 49
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!" 75 .70 .777 510 6-5
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ARGUMENT IN A NUTSHELL.
- ovailccl in 1873 will, bv the Grace
cry of the goldolators and their organs
is that the free coinage of silver
would make that metal the standard
of value. What of it? Such a result
would demonstrate beyond all possi
bilitv of a doubt that gold has grown
too valuable to be employed as a money
standard. What would be the result?
Simply this: Gold, ceasing to be the
standard of value, would thereby be
deprived oZ the functions that add to
its value, and would gradually approxi
m:t ." ;-u money value. Silver, on
the other hand, having restored to it
the potential money value, would grad
ually grow in this direction until gold
again became the standard of value,
the two metals alternating. The grain
of truth in the contention of the goldo
lators that the double standard is inef
fective resides in the fact that bimetal
ism does not result in the double stand
ard, but in the alternating standard
that prevents both metals from rising
above the true money standard at the
same time. When silver becomes more
valuablo than gold, the alternation of
the double standard makes jrold the
standard, and so on. All the financial
sense does not lie in the north and
cast, nor among the money sharks and
goldolaters. The people know that
the only sound, safe and honest cur
rency is that which is the result of the
alternating standard growing out
of bimetalism. Atlanta Constitution
Thry Are Unpatriotic, rrlrolous. Falla
cious and Easily Answrred.
The active part that Senator Sher
man is taking in the Ohio campaign,
and the fact that upon the result of
that campaign depends his re-election
to the United States senate, gives him
a prominence that must be recognized
all over the country. He is naturally
devoting himself largely to the finan
cial question, and, as might be expect
ed, champions the cause of the gold
monopolists against the cause of tbe
people. But the only objections Mr.
Sherman has yet made to the free coin
age of silver are, that England and Ger
many have not agreed that we may
have free coinage, and that the legal
tender silver dollar docs not contain a
gold dollar's worth of silver.
The first of these ought to be satis
factorily and conclusively answered by
simply pointing to the flag of our coun
try, and asserting our national inde
pendence. The manifest fallacy of the
second ought to answer itself. It is
Mr. Sherman's idea that the gold dollar
shall not only measure the valne of
every day's work and every product of
labor, but that it shall measure all the
other dollars. If the silver dollar must
play second fiddle to the gold dollar, and
must have a gold dollar's worth of silver
in it, then the nickel dollar composed of
twenty five-cent nickel pieces must con
tain a gold dollar's worth of nickel, and
the copper dollar, composed of a hun
dred copper cents, must contain a gold
dollar's worth of copper, and the paper
dollar must contain a gold dollar's
worth of paper. These things Mr.
Sherman does not pretend to contend
for; he singles ont silver as the victim
of himself and his co-conspirators, who
are determined that his gold idol shall
rale without a rival.
The people, on the other hand, con
tend that the law shall fix the amount
of metal in all df these coins, and gold
and silver shall be equal before the
law and at the mints: then the gold
dollar willbe worthr'jnst as much
as the silver dollar, and the silverdol-
lar as the gold dollar. Neither would
play second fiddle to the other, and both
" n . -
'" r S-a. ..
would be used to measure the value of
labor and its products, so that a given
amount of labor would represent a
greater number of dollars. Labor and
its products were thus measured previ
ous to 1873, and justice to labor de
mands the restoration of these meas
ures. Senator Sherman to the contrary
notwithstanding. ML Vernon (Ills.)
The Old Parties Continue to Im "Warn
ing About Coltl anil SiUer.
Grover Cleveland started the remark
able proposition that both sides of the
scales will go down at once that is, he
stated that free silver would produce a
wonderful contraction by causing the
hoarding of all the gold and that the
silver dollar would then be depreciated
in purchasing power. The Nebraska
republicans at their itate convention
said substantially the same thing. A
contraction of the currency, by hoard
ing or otherwise, will largely increase
the purchasing power of lhoe dollars,
whatever kind they may be, that are
left in circulation. If by some means
all the money now in the United States
was lost, and the government should
issue one hundred million dollars in
paper money, does any one doubt for a
moment that one dollar of this paper
money would buy at least as much as
two dollars w ill now? (Jen. A. J. War
ner in answering Cleveland's ante-inauguration
veto, said his assertion that
the money volume would be contracted
by the w ithdrawing of gold and that
the purchasing power of the money re
maining (silver) would be scaled down,
was equivalent to saying that both
sides of the balance will go down at
once. Cleveland's warning that the
further coinage of silver would result
in depreciated silver and a premium on
gold, was made over six years ago, and
yet silver dollars are worth 100 cents;
gold dollars are not worth more than
100 cents; a silver dollar is just as good
as a gold dollar. Yet, notwithstanding
this utter failure of fulfillment of
Cleveland's prophecies, the Nebraska
republicans now utter the same "warn
ing. Missouri World;
When silver was demonetized it was
at a premium over gold. It was de
monetized by the perpetration of a
fraud about which no man, except
John Sherman and the clerks of the
finance committees and engrossing
clerks of congress, know anything.
Yet while such is the fact, how strange
it is that an effort to restore silver to
the same position it occupied at
the time of the perpetration of
this fraud should meet such vio
lent opposition! How strange it is
that such great calamities are
ascribed to return to the same happy
condition, when no calamities existed;
but, on the contrary, a most satisfac
tory condition obtainedl Fustian and
theory have run wild in their efforts to
conjure up and invent impending disas
ters, when absolute demonstration and
experience show that all their appre
hensions are as baseless as the fabric
of a dream and as hollow as John Sher
man's soul of an honest prompting in
behalf of the people. Alliance Herald
The statement is sometimes .made
that gold and silver can never circu
late side by side on an equality, be
cause the cost of the two metals varies
greatly; in point of fact, the cost has
nothing whatever to do with the ques
tion. Statistics seem to show that
each dollar of silver that is extracted
from American soil costs more than
one dollar in gold. It is likely, also,
that each dollar of gold costs more
than a dollar for its extraction. The
ratio of gold and silver can bo fixed by
government now as it was fixed by the
Latin union in the past, and if the
mints of the world be open to free
coinage of both metals there will be
no danger that thev will part company.
or that either will command an ap
preciable premium. Mt. Vernon (111.)
A Gold Baals.
Secretary Foster recently made a
statement that if he found it necessary
he would sell bonds to keep the coun
try on a gold basis. This, it is expect
ed, will have a reassuring effect on
lenders and influence time money gen
erally. American Banker.
That is U say that Mr. Foster will
give the people's note, payable, princi
pal and interest, in gold, to get gold to
meet the nation's expenses. Why not
pay those expenses in legal tender
paper money and let the mld-murs
keep their gold? It is his tarn just
now, bnt it will not be long until the
people will have s chance to denosit
their ballots to get the coantry off
Bw. .. Uuw groanaea
t .. . .-r -
oatulned BiJ p3fSPura)!f J' B
V I ? '!
LnV ML fjf L?YrrM I Mi ir - 'I E C
ff TO H m&S389& ?. i ft4
The True Contention of "The People
They Deinanct the I'ree Coinage of silver
in Order to (Jet On (lie Gold Basis and
Arrest the Depreciation in the Valne of
I have been entertained, and, I must
confess, considerably amused by a per
usal of the article from the pen of H.
W. Wheeler, of Seattle, Wash., as pub
lished in your journal of August 15,
under the caption: "Free Coinage of
Silver vs. National Bank Circulation."
Mr. Wheeler not only puts the people
in a false position, and volunteers to
formulate for them unsound premises,
but he illogically reasons from his as
sumed premises to unsound and false
conclusions. Trusting that the Ameri
can Banker is willing to give to both
sides of controversies a fair hearing, I
offer a few ideas in defense of free coin
age and the people's demands. Mr.
Wheeler says that money is "a com
modity, established as a medium of ex
change, the value of which has been
fixed by the commercial world, etc." Is
not Mr. Wheeler mistaken? Is money
a commodity? And is not the value of
money affixed by law? Is it possible
that all the standard authorities and
J.he supreme court of the United
states are at fault in this mat
ter? I assert that the value of
money is an ideal thing, a legal
fiction. Mr. Wheeler then says that
"the basis of which (money) is gold,
and by this the value of every article
of commerce and trade is fixed, and
this is true of silver, whether bullion
or coin, eta" Indeed! Suppose during
the next panic which takes place in
India Mr. Wheeler should go over
there and try to borrow silver money
upon gold collateral. Could he do it?
No indeed. Why not? Because gold
is not legal tender in payment of debt'
in India. Legal tender is the essence
of money value. Mr Wheeler recognize-
this fact in his remarks about
wheat, which I will notice further on.
But would Mr. Wheeler have us under
stand that during our entire history
prior to 1S7.1 we had no money? He
will, during that period covering
about eighty years, seek in vain for a
"gold basis." How, then, and why did
gold become the basis? If Mr.
Wheeler will reflect he may conclude
that law, and not the commercial
world, fixed b)th the basis and the
Mr. Wheeler, in the course of his ar
ticle, in discussing the national bank
ing question and the demand of the
people that the national banking sys
tem be abolished, has touched upon
the leading vital issues between the
people and tho plutocracy, to wit: The
value of money as affected by its vol
ume and the rate of interest it bears,
and tho relative merits of the policies
of leaving the regulation of such value
in the hands of individuals and corpora
tions, or restoring such regulation to
thoso whose sole prerogative it is the
people through their congress. But
Mr. Wheeler disingenuously attempts
to place the people in a false light as
regards their contention in this behalf,
by assuming for them that the chief if
not the sole desire animatiug them in
their demand for the free coinage of
silver is an inflation of the volume fM
currency and (what Mr. Wheeler ap
pears to think would follow) a reduc
tion of tho rates of interest In this
Mr. Wheeler is not only disingenuous,
but he betrays therein ignorance of the
laws of finance. The people answer,
first, that they demand the restoration
of silver to its money functions an 1
the privilege of free coinage in order
to treble what financiers are wont to
call the "basis" or "standard of value,"
which, under the existing system,
measures labor and all its products by
the value of a metal or commodity, the
supply of which is constantly and
steadily decreasing in the face of a rap
idly increasing population and volume
of domestic exchanges. The people
want to get off a "gold basis," which
means to them declining prices for
land, labor and all products; ruin,
bankruptcy, despair and obliteration.
Second, the people know, and Mr.
Wheeler ought to know, that an in
crease in the volume of money, up to a
certain limit, would have a tendency to
raise rather than lower interest rates.
The reason is plain more money, more
business; more business, more demand
for money; increased demand for mon
ey, higher rates of intcrst. During
periods of general depression and fall
ing prices people dare not borrow mon
ey to invest. Besides, increased vol
ume of money means higher prices for
labor and commodities. Six per cent.,
with wages at one dollar per day, is
better than eight per cent, with wages
at one dollar and a-half a day. An in
creased volume of money would help
those now in debt. Coupled with a
lower rate of interest it would not only
help them but all future posterity.
The alliance intends to have both
"more money and lower interest.
Mr. Wheeler quotes Senator Stewart
as follows: "The government does not
buy gold; it coins it for the owners of
the bullion to furnish money for the
people." Commenting upon Senator
Stewart's statement Mr. Wheeler says:
"Suppose silver was coined in the same
manner, what would it be worth? Sim
ply what the law of supply and demand
would fix upon it in gold, and the price
of coined silver would flucuate in the
market the same as silver bnllion does
to-day." Here Mr. Wheeler is wrong,
radically, eternally wrong. And not
only is he wrong, but he acknowledges
that he is wrong in his remarks con
cerning wheat, of which more anon.
Gold is now and silver would be, were
it accorded free coinage, governed by
the following fixed, fundamental and
immutable law, to-wit: When a metal
is used for money and the total supply
of such metal is annually consumed for
use In the arts, etc., and coined into
money, tbe whole of such annual sup
ply takes to itself the money value af
fixed by law to the portion coined into
money, and the commodity value be
comes merged into the money value.
Mr. Wheeler can, perhaps, understand
this by asking himself this question:
Would not a man be a fool to take less
than one dollar for such metal as by
taking to the mint he can get coined
into a dollar? Under free coinage every
ounce of silver 'would at once take to
itself its money valne, and such money
value "would become its market value.
We also prove this by experience. In
1ST-!, when silver was demonetized,
STI.35 grains of silver were worth 103
cents in gold. Since then it continued
to so down, down, until in 1890, just
before the law increasing silver coin
ago was passed, 37L25 grains of silver
were only worth TO cents. As soon,
however, as the law was passed in
creasing its coinage it commenced going
up, until no w it is worth 78 cents. This
was all by operation of law. Say, by
lee-al enactment, that 37- -ii
silver are a dollar, and, of coarse, they
wm Moace become worth a dollar.
W-aJa. lees tj expeairo of coinage. la other I
- at -u. jxj . w. j i - w !.... hmm . --r -v. zr. k - w
4 -V. . lar -fl?i r 1 -.- -T
t&v...jw " - t. T-r . . -vvras -2v &, 2es. .,-,,.. -
r TriMimrninrirna-ri an t-r rriiit--hrr" -raiartmiMM-itiiri .r-1 J- -p-rn t -i iiasiaasTiTr-arniSrT- - wra.-
words, put silver on an equality with
gold and it will be equally valuable as
gold. M.. Wheeler asks: "Who demands
It?" I answer: Five million farmers
and workingmen, who are tired of see
ing the value squeezed out of their
property, and the value in labor, of
theirdebts increased by the apprecia
tion in value of the gold dollar. And
they neither own silver mines nor want
an office. They simply demand justice
and a return to the money of the Amer
Mr. Wheeler then gives his unfor
tunate wheat illustration, in which he
disproves all his former assertions. He
says: "India is, and has been for many
years, the principal competitor in the
wheat market with which the United
States has had to contend. India being
on a silver basis, Europe in buying In
dia's wheat has bought silver by the
ship load at its market price in gold
and shipped this silver to India and ex
changed it for wheat. As a matter of
fact the lower the price of silver the
more of it could be bought for a dollar
in gold, hence the more wheat could be
bought with Europe's gold converted
into silver, and the more wheat a silver
dollar (rupee) would buy in India, of
course the lower tho price in the United
States." Well I never! Did you ever?
That is precisely the argument an ad
vocate of free coinage would use. Let
lis analyze it. India is a country in
which money is a "commodity, the
value of which is fixed bv the commer
cial world, the basis of which is silver.
and by this (silver) the value of every
article of commerce and trade is fixed,
and this is true of gold, whether bul
lion jt coin, etc" Funny, is it not?
Here ir a country with a largo com
merce nnd a commercial world, all
peculiarly its own, an 1 in that world
Mr. Wheeler's money becomes the antip
odes of the money he describes in the
beginning of his article. So foolish are
the inhabitants of India, and such con
tempt do they entertain for our com
mercial world, they put a value of their
own upon our fixed value, gold, and
England and Kuropc are able to buy "0
per cent, more wheat with American
silver, bought at its market value, than
they could with the gold they pay us
for such silver. It occurs to mo that if
we were to issue a legal tender paper
dollar for every ."71.23 grains of Ameri
can silver and store such silver in our
vaults, so as to keep it out of tho
reach of England and Europe, we
would not only increase our circulating
media by a few millions annually but we
would retain possession of our silver
and raise the price of our wheat 30 per
cent; and free coinage of silver, by at
once making every 371.25 grains of sil
ver worth one dollar, would have the
same effect. Does it ever occur to Mr.
Wheeler that England knows a thing
Perhaps Mr. Ernest Seyd, when ho
came over here in 1ST:! with a purse of
$500,000, was perfectly aware of the
kind of a trap he was leading us into,
and that England wished not only to
appreciate the value of her interest
bearing American investuients, btitalsd
was maturing her plans to buy her
breadstuffs for 30 per cent, less than its
I have already disposed of the idea
that "free coinage would stimulate the
working of tbe silver mines and in
crease their output, and it cannot be
called sound business logic to say that
increased production of anything will
increase its market price," by showing
that under free coinage the com
modity or market value of sil
ver would be merged into the coin
age value. Besides, the argument is
just as applicable to the free coinage of
gold. Mr. Wheeler thinks that our
money market must bo the one estab
lished by the joint commercial law of
nations. Poor India, I suppose, is not
in it By the way. who established In
dia's money basis for her? And who
coins her rupees? Queen Victoria is
empress of India, "don't-chcr-know."
John Bull Is chuckling in his sleeve,
and We well we can console ourselves
with a study of Puck's motto, "What
fools we mortals be." George G
Ward, in American Banker.
A Trae Description of the Infernal Metal -What
Mr. Ingalls Thoucht or It in
In the debate in the United States
senate February 15, 1S7S, on the Bland
silver bill, Mr. Ingalls, who voted for
the bill, said of the gold basis:
"No people ip a great emergency
ever found a faithful ally in gold. It
is the most cowardly and treacherous
of all metals. It makes no treaty it
does not break. It has no friend it
does not sooner or later betray. Armies
and nations are not maintained by
gold. In times of panic and calamity.
shipwreck and disaster, it becomes the
agent and minister of ruin. No nation
ever fought a great war by the aid
of gold. On the contrary, in the
crisis of tho greatest peril, it becomes
an enemy more potent than the
foe in the fields; but when the
battle is won and peace has been
secured, gold reappears and claims the
fruits of victory. In our own civil war
it is doubtful if the gold of New York
and London did not work us greater
injury than the powder and lead and
iron of the rebels. It was the most in
vincible enemy of the public credit.
Gold paid no soldier or sailor. It was
worth most when our fortunes were
the lowest. Every defeat gave it in
creased value. It was an open alliance
with our enemies the world over, and
and all its energies were evoked for
our destruction. But as usual, when
danger had been averted and the vic
tory secured, gold swaggered to the
front and secured the supremacy."
Why the Bosses Sweat.
We hear a good deal about people
sweating blood nowadays. The only
people we have seen doing this are the
political leaders of the two parties in
this country. They are sweating, first,
because they fear that they will lose
their places; second, because they fear
that honest men will get hold of the
reins of government; third, because
their wily political schemes are being
laid bare. The tricks by which they
have kept the people of this country
divided for twenty-five years are no
longer available. Revolution is in the
hearts of the great common people.
That is why the bosses are sweating
blood Raleigh (N. C) Progressive
Got In Their Work.
The rings and the rascals got in
their work Tuesday on the Tennessee
house of representatives. Tbe refusal
of that body to abolish the barbarous
convict-lease system is a distinct victory
for the beneficiaries of that villainous
law. It was expected, however, and
nothing is now left for it except that
good men shall organize for a cam
paign of education and an appeal to
tbe conscience of the people. Nash
ville ITenjL) Weeklv Toiler,
- . I
THE W0BLD AT LAKGE.
Summary of the Sally Now
WASHCC QTOS XOTES.
SEcnETARV Fostek has appointed
Henry B. Stanwood, a nephew of Sec
retary Blaine, who has been auditor of
the custom house, acting custodian of
the barge office.
The various department commanders
have been notified by the adjutant
general of the army that Second-Lieut.
James E. Dodge, Fourteenth infantry,
lately on duty at Fort Leavcnwortli,
has duplicated his pay account for the
month of August and is believed to have
Tiie republican national executive
committee will meet at the Arlington
hotel) Washington, November 8, to name
the time and place for holding the re
publican national convention and to
act on the resignation of Hon. M.
The national land office has ordered
the reservation of 1,200,000 acres of
land at the head of the Whito river in
Special Agexts Weioel and Scot
horn have been given instructions to
go at once to the Cheyenne and Arapi
hoe lands west of Kingfisher, Ok., and
select the sites for the new county
The United States Warships Boston
and Yorktown have been ordered to
Chili merely to relieve the Baltimore
and San Francisco, whose hulls are in
During September 27,644 pensions
n ere granted on which first payments
The United States supreme court re
assembled on the 12th.
Acti.so Secretahy Wharton, of the
state department will neither affirm
nor deny the report that this govern
ment has concluded a convention with
Germany for the admissicn of cereals
from the United States into Germany
free of duty.
The October report of the statistician
sf the department of agriculture gives
the following estimated average yields:
Wheat, 19 bushels) oats, 29.3 bushels;
barley, 25.8 bushels; rye, 14.4 bushels.
The condition at the corn crop is 9-15,
buckwheat 9 7, potatoes 91.3, tobacco
A dispatch from Kingston, N. Y.,
gives a confession made by M. T.
Thrumpbour, assistant treasurer of the
savings bank. Ostrander, be says, got
most of the money, which was lest by
him in speculation. The thefts ex
tended over a period of twenty years.
He claims to have been simply a tool
of Ostrander, and says he benefited
very little by the latter's thefts.
A rumor prevailed on Wall street
that Samuel Sloan was so disgnstcd
with Mr. Gould's methods that he pro
posed to withdraw front the directories
of the several corporations that Mr
Gould controls. Mr. Sloan maintained
a grim silence as to his intentions.
D. 0. SAundekk, a contractor on the
Adirondack as St Lawrence railroad
near White Corners, N. Y., in anger
fatally shot William Davis, one of his
colored laborers. Saunders found fault
with the work performed by Davis and
the negro replied to his rebuke in a
surly manner, whereupon Saunders
Knwix Shaffer, John R. Tate and
Thomas Downing, the" three Beaver
county (Pa.), congressional delegates
charged with bribery, who were re
manded into the custody of the sheriff
to undergo four months' imprisonment
for contempt of court, delivered them
selves into the custody of the sheriff
and are now in jaiL
After four days and nights of un
ceasing labor and some hundreds of
tons of coal had been removed by the
rescuing party the bodies of four of the
unfortunate miners imprisoned at the
Richardson colliery near Pottsville, Pa.,
The New York harbor tugboat Mc
Caldin Brothers, was run down and
sunk off Fort Montgomery by tho tug
Conqueror. Two persons are known
to be lost the engineer of the McCal
din Brothers and a boy who was the
guest of one of the crew.
Laidlaw &. Brother, Wall street
bankers of New York, wete recently
swindled out of $11,050 by a noted En
glish crook through a forged letter of
The Belmont mansion, !01 Fifth
avenue. New York, was destroyed by
fire on the 8th. Mrs. Perry Belmont
and other members of the family had a
narrow escape. Perry Belmont was
away at the time.
Anson II. Hamilton, proprietor of
tho Cape house, Shoreham hotel and
other properties, real and personal, at
Cape Mav Point, N. J., has failed. Lia
Three hostlers at the county fair at
Burnettstown, Pa., found a bottle of
liquor secreted and all but drained It
Alexander Chappel took convulsions
and died in two hoars and the others
ueredying. An analysis showed equal
parts of strychnine and whisky.
Ex-President Cleveland says his
baby girl will be called Ruth.
During the last year the Indian stu
dents at the school at Carlisle, Pa., have
earned $16,000 outside of the school.
Mann' & Co., dry goods, Rochester,
N. Y., have assigned.
The Oliver & Roberts Wire Co., Pitts
burgh, Pa., has suspended.
A Polish boarding house at Pitts
burgh, Pa., in which there were fifty
men, caught fire and was burned to the
ground. One man was suffocated and
another jumped from a third story win
dow aM was dangerously hurt
An old woman has been found in Bos
ton dying of hunger and nearly naked.
She had been badly bitten by rats.
New York tailors complain of Amer
icans who go to England for clothing.
Nf.el & Wajtfler's planing mill at
Pittsburgh, Pa., has been destroyed by
fire. Loss, S150.000; no insurance.
William Davis, a prominent iron
merchant of Brooklyn, was drowned in
the East river. He was thrown from
the deck of a steam launch by the swell
of a passing steamer.
The "pan republic congress and hu
man freedom league" convened in Phil
adelphia on the 12th. Gov. Pattison
delivered the address of welcome.
About 500 cases against gamblers,
liquor dealers, etc., have been, dis
missed by action of the prosecuting at
torney at Keokuk, Is.
Phil Arooc: ' suing Nelson Morris
for an allege-; ringement of patent.
Joseph Burroughs, a coal miner em
ployed at the shaft in the western por
tion of Girard, 111, shot and instantly
killed his young wife the other even
ing. The deed was cold-blooded and
brutal. Mrs. Burroughs had left her
husband sesse time ago ea act-out of
A FIRE at Lima, O., destroyed the of
fice of the Times newspaper and the
warehouse of Ewing A Emrich. Loss,
S100,000; insurance, 75,000.
Hal Pointer is now the king of
pacers of the world, having defeated
his greatest rival. Direct, in the recent
races at Terre Haute, Ind.
The Northwestern Stiller says: Last
week was the banner on record for the
amount of flour turned out by the
mills. With two mills idle, the output
was 194. ICO barrels, or 32,300 barrels
daily. The largest quantity ever be
fore made was 1S7.000, that having been
ground for the week ended October 10,
A congress of western Colorado was
in session at Grand Junction. Its ob
ject was to discuss matters of general
interest to that section and not to figure
on division of the state.
TnE stage between Linkville ami
Lake View, Ore., was robbed by two
Parker, Webb & Co. 's packing house,
Detroit, Mich.,-has been gutted by fire.
One man was was burned to death and
a dozen others injured. The fire was
caused by the explosion of a barrel of
Gen. H. V. Botnton has determined
to sever his connection with the Cincin
nati Commercial Gazette.
Immense crowds attended the joint
tariff debate between Gov. Campbell
and Maj. McKinlcy, at Ada, O.
The Iowa stallion Allerton defeated
Nelson at Grand Rapids, Mich., on the
7tb, the latter taking only one heat.
Time, 2:13. 2:14h', 2:15. 3:lGf.
The national bank at Enterprise.
Ore., was robbed by three men of. S3,
500, money which they told the intimi
dated cashier belonged to "John
Ed Neal, a cattle thief, was hanged
at Ojiaha, Neb., legally on the 9th for
the murder of an aged couple named
Jones. On the same day at the same
place John Coe, a negro accused of out
raging a little girl, was hanged by a
mob to an electric railway trolley w ire.
The American Humane society was
in session recently at Denver, CoL .
William Steinecker and Matthew
Dcwald, employes in Severin fc Oster
mcyer's wholesale grocery at Indianap
olis, Ind, were crushed in a descending
At the Shclbyville (Ind.) cabinet
works, while Joseph Schott, Clint
Neeley and IL Thayer were trying to
get the elevator to descend, it fell thir
ty feet, carrying with it the men and a
heavy load of furniture. The men were
Emanuel Caiide.v, said to be a
former wealthy citizen of Wausau,
Wis., blew out his brains in Washing
ton park. Chicago. He had been plung
ing on the board of trade and lost his
TnE machines wluch will compete in
the typesetting contest at Chicago are
the Mergenthaler linotype, the Rogers
typograph, the McMillen typesetting
machine and the St. John typobar.
Royal Vooiehees was instantly killed
and Robert Crequc probably fatally
wounded by shots fired by Daniel Ren
ner, the result of a trivial quarrel at
Champaign, 111., the men having been
San Francisco experienced an earth
quake shock on the night of the 11th.
A bad wreck is reported at Kendall
villc at the junction on tho Lake Shore
& Grand Rapids railways, near La
Grange, Ind. Several persons were
hurt, and a great deal of damage was
done to cars and freight.
TnE steam barge Susan E. Peck,
loaded with 00,000 bushels of wheat.
was sunk recently near Sault Ste.
A IIOTISH looking footpad arrested at
Helena, Mont., turned ont to be ayoung
woman. She had held up several men.
Her companion, giving the name of
Henry Clark, was also arrested.
Pearls have been found in mnssels
taken from the Cottonwood river, Ok
lahoma. Dwioht, I1L, has been visited by a
disastrous fire, which started in Kep
Near Shell Lake, Wis., an Indian,
John Warren, shot Andrew Wichlund
and wounded Ed Johnson.
A serious shfck of carthqnake was
experienced at Napa, Cal., on the night
of the 11th.
Train robbers wrecked the west
bound express on the Central Pacific
near Colfax, Cat, on the 12th. No one
was killed, but the passengers were
much shaken up. The robbers fled on
seeing tbe result of their work.
The dead body of Henry Cofield was
found lying at the waiting room of the
depot at Wortham, Tex. Death was
caused by his artificial means of
breathing, a silver tube inserted in his
windpipe from an aperture in his
neck, while in an intoxicated condition.
The reform democratic ticket of
Nashville, Tenn., w as elected over the
regular democratic ticket by majorities
ranging from 1,000 to 500.
William Amacher, owner of a rac
ing stable, shot and killed Pat Milliron,
another horseman, at West side park,
Nashville, Tenn. The trouble is
understood to have occurred about a
Wade and John Feldcr were exe
cuted at Rusk, Tex., for killing Yonce
Thompson. Their excuse was that they
had fired into a house for the purpose
of frightening one of the inmates and
did not intend to kill Thompson.
TnE United States steamer Dispatch
became a total wreck after grounding
on the Delaware break-water. The
crew was saved.
Bors set a cat on fire at North Bir
mingham, Ala., and tbe animal burned
down two houses. Loss, $5,000.
O'Mallev. the New Orleans detective
accused of jury bribing, has been dis
charged. O'Malley said his indictment
was purposely to shield the parties con
sented in the Mafia lynching.
Sherman Greer, tbe dissolute son of
Rev. William Greer, an aged minister,
recently murdered bis father in "Wilkes
county, N. C. A sheriff's pose pursued
Sherman and a companion when one
of the posse was dangerously wounded.
Tbe desperadoes were finally caught in
The returns issued by the British
board of trade for the month of Sep
tember shows that the imports de
creased 1,360,000 and the exports de
creased 1,970,000, as compared with
those for the corresponding month last
Dispatches from Araoy. China an
nounce that serious rioting occurred
forty miles from that city. The riots
were quelled, bnt not before several
mandarins and other-oficials had been
Thx Persian government will permit
the export of prodneta intended for the
world's fair free of dnty. Tbe exhibit
wfllBTObablT anrecate WAOf
Ax intense wave of ill feeling has
arisen in Servia, owing to the news
that ex-King Milan has mortgaged his
private estates to a Rmsian bank for a
loan of $400,003.
It was rnaiored in Lisbon that dis
turbances had broken ont in Rio do
Janeiro, the capital of Brazil.
The strike of dock laborers and
others about the Carron and Hermit
age wharves, Wapping, London, which
has been in progress for weeks, is
showing decided signs of collapsing.
Tbe employers are obtaining enough
"free men" to carry on work in spito
of the unionists.
Mr. Gladstone was greatly disap
pointed by the Manchester election.
The viceroy of India telegraphs that
there has been a good rain throughout
the country and that the crop prospects
Businlss failures (Dun's report) for
tbe seven days ended October S num
bered 210, compared with 230 the
previous week and 215 the correspond
ing week of last year.
The entry of rags from Marseilles.
France, has been forbidden by the treas
ury department in order to prevent the
bringing of cholera to the country.
The September statement of tho
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad
for tho entire system (approximated)
shows gross earnings of $4,2GS,334. an
increase of $514,037.
Provisions in Warsaw, Russia, have
doubled in price.
A meeting of merchants and manu
facturers convened by the minister of
commerce at Vienna, unanimously ap
proved the formation of a government
commission to arrange for the duo
representation of the country at tho
Chicago world's fair.
Austrian pilgrims after visiting the
pope, were attacked by a mob at Pisa,
Italy. One of the pilgrims disappeared
and it was rumored had been assas
sinated. The interment of the remains of the
late Charles Stewart Parncll occurred
without disorder. About 40,000 persons
viewed the body on its arrival in Dublin,
A strong force of police controls the
streets of Rio Janeiro. One man was
killed and several injured in the recent
Gen. A. V. Kautz recommends that
soldiers in time of peace give a general
knowledge of military science to people
In civil life.
A Valparaiso dispatch says at the
earliest opportunity after the firm
establishment of the new government
a number of claims will be presented
by the various representatives of the
different foreign nations in Chili. The
British claims amount to between $500,
000 and SCOO.000. Spanish and Italian
claims about 300,000. while those of
America are only about 825,000.
Considerable indignation was
aroused in Dublin by the report that
Chaplain Vincent of the Rotunda
chapel, who officiated at the burial of
Mr. Parnell, received a threatening let
ter, warning biro not to read the
services of the church over the departed
The military rule instituted by the
Mexican generals along the Rio Grande
since the Garza outbreak is an exceed
ingly strict one, and the people arc
afraid to be seen in groups of two and
Great numbers of Russian peasants
are flocking into the towns from the
country districts, perishing from want
of food. The destitnte Jews expelled
from Kieff, Astrachan. Moscow and
Odessa are swelling the ranks of the
Charles J. MuRi-nr, special repre
sentative in Europe of the United
States agricultural department, has ar
rived in Berlin with instructions to
bring to tbe attention of the German
government the value of Indian corn as
a food product.
The steamship Devonshire,, from
Barrow for New York, has been passed
at sea abandoned, but tbe crew wcro
rescued and taken to Glasgow.
A conspiracy against the life of the
czar is said to have been discovered at
Kieff. A serious outbreak was threat-
encd by the students of the university.
A Rome dispatch says the train on
which were Mr. and Mrs.. Stanley and
the latter's mother on their way to
Australia was wrecked at Carovigno,
Italy, but all the passenger escaped
CAnrER, Wyo., Oct. li Dr. Joseph
Benson, confined in tbe county jail
last night for drunkenness, set fire to
the building and was burned to death.
He claimed to have been ordained
a Catholic priest in Boston
year ago, but to have been
unfrocked because of drink. When
intoxicated he claimed that
his right name was Joseph "P. Riley and
that he had killed a man near Farm
ington, Mass., for which he was sen
tenced to the penitentiary for fifteen
years, but escaped in a baker's wagon
through the asistance of his brother.
For several years he had beea army
surgeon at Fort Robinaota.
New York, Oct 13. The executive
committee of the National Exhibition
Co (New York baseball dab) met the
board of directors yesterday after
noon to present rto them the
resnlt of their investigations into
the charges that bad been pub
licaly made that tbe New York dab
bad been purposely weakened ia the
recent games played with the Boston
club so they shoald' lose the series.
The session was secret. Decisive actios
was deferred until to-merrow, a fall
board not attending. '
Guthrie, Ok., Oct 13. Marshal Heck
Thomas and a California detective, ac
companied by a party of Indians, have
cornered the DaltoaVgang ia the west
ern part of the Creek reservation. They
have captured their supplies. The
Daltons have sent a note to Marshal
Thomas warning him to let them alone,
on peril of his life. They say their
position is impregnable and that they
will kill every man attempting to rf
New York, Oct IS. The Herald's
special Valparaiso dispatch say' at
the earliest opportunity after tfte
firm establishment of the' new"
government a number of claims wfll
be presented for payment by tbe
representatives of tbe different foreifra
nations here. The -British
amount to between MtMt ai
000, Spanish and Italian claims abont
$390,008, while those of America am "
only about 25,6ml VThe iwyHc of
guano shipments will be made at an
Omaha, Neb, OeC 13 Jknmy Can
non, an old governaieat seoat, who led
the lynclTSatarealtfctwna arrant
ed this morning; as were, alaotwo etHl
engineers who too part. Taere arnigf.
twenty-Hve warrants autoM.' Aeaaay-
all give bail aa fast as they are
The leanest begins this
will be lone ad exhaastlTe.
JrT ? , T'T
.- tfc-r-j !",-