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The Dodge City Times:
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DODGE CITY, KANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1891.
The membership of the Arkansas
allianci: has increased nearly 30,000 in
the past year.
. --Every county alliance in North
Carolina has adopted the Ocala plat
form without a nay. That's the way
they "split on the sub-treasury."
Gold and silver, forever fluctuating
in their own value, can never be made
an accurate measure of the value of
other commodities. Adam Smith.
Forward, march! Free otton
goods, pensions only to those who are
(n actual need, and that to be paid in
tull legal tender paper money. South
The supreme council of the F. A.
and I. U. reflected the sentiments of
the progressive elements of the alli
ances throughout the United States.
Treasury nojs peenred by the
ploJfraaof -the fait'i umVcredit of tho
government, with or without interest,
Will make better currency than gold or
lilvcr. Victor Bonnet
There are 31,000 millionaires and
2,000,000 tramps in this country. When
RECIPROCITY AND RETALIATION.
United labor is able to protect Its own, to avenge injustice and reciprocate favors.
Krom prorecdlnjrs of the national council
of f. A. .mil I. IT. at its rcc nt annu i! nie t
liu hold at ImlunapolH November 17 to 21,
The first boycott ever started by the
alliance was instituted by the national
council against the Rochester Clothing
Exchange of New ork. This concern
is immense, lieing a consolidation of
twenty-three firms. When tho com
bine was formed last March over 13,000
garmcut makers were thrown out of
employment. A boycott was instituted
by the K. of L., and James Hughes, of
that organization was arrested for con
spiracy against the laws of New York.
By a packed jury Mr. Hughes was con
there were no millionaires there were
no tramps. These two arc inseparable.
Journal of Knights of Labor.
To divide and quarrel among our
selves over details and personalities, is
exactly what the gold bugs want us to
da "Stand fast, therefore, and be not
entangled again in the yoke of bond
age." The money power has at last found
n focinan worthy of its steel. The al
liance bids defiance to all the powers
of subsidize 1 monopoly and the yeo
manry of America are standing by its
side. Pittsburgh Kansan.
Our reports, so far, from different
parts of the country, show that the
bulk of the surplus wheat is already
out of the producers' hands. It will
not be long after the middlemen get
possession of it till the prices will go
up. Journal of Agriculture.
Confidence in the stability of our
financial institutions and universal
prosperity continues. Dun's last re
port showed p ten more failures than
the week previous and about fifty more
than the same week last year, "with
no unusual stringency in any particular
locality." Oh, Lord! Nonconformist.
To prove tho value of paper money
we offer the following statement: The
ltank of England suspended specie pay
ment from 1707 to 1S25. For this period
of twenty-four years paper money paid
all debts, public and private, and car
ried England through her wars with
France and America. Louisville (Ky.)
Farmers' Home Journal.
The intrinsic value idea of money
was the idea in the days of crude bar
barism. The simplest and most perfect
form of money is that which represents
nothing bnt transferable debt, such as
paper. It is only when states havo
reached a high degree of civilization
that they adopt this perfect form of
money. Kees' Encyclopaedia.
A greenback dollar is a receipt and
an order. It is a receipt for services
rendered, for labor performed, for
products transferred; and it is an order
for a certain amount of the necessities,
comforts or luxuries of life. It does
not need the collateral security of pre
cious metal any more than a street car
passenger needs a uniformed body
guard. The government is powerful
and at peace, and its name is as good
as its bond. What it places its sig
nature upon needs no other backing.
Secretary Foster lately said to the
bankers' association: "I am of the
opinion that, owing to our rapid growth
in population and wealth and the ex
traordinary development in all kinds
of business yearly, the increase in our
circulating medium somewhat propor
tionate to our growth in population is
absolutely demanded." This is pre
cisely the position taken by the peo
ple's party, and precisely the statement
which all republican papers and speak
ers of Kansas have persistently de
nounced as anarchy, socialism, repudi
ation; fanaticism, etc., ad nauseum.
Mr. Foster convicts the entire repub
lican machinery of Kansas of unbluah
Jajr falsehood, and vindicates to the
fullest degree the position of the peo
ple's party. Bnt, perhaps, Foster is a
liar and a calamity howler. Lawrence
RENT IN TWAIN.
It la Not the Alli-nce, Hot the Solid Demo
cratic Smith That In Spilt Wide Open Ilr
the bab-Tre4iary Flan.
The following document, signed by
300 prominent Texas democrats, ap
peared in the Dallas Morning News of
November 25, and we print it for the
general information of our thousands
To the Democracy of Texas:
The rcr-ent pronunciamento of Chair
man r'inley, announcing that "those
democrats who believed in, and advo
cated the reform generally known as
the "sub-treasury plan," should not
hereafter be admitted. to a participa
tion in the councils of the democratic
party in Texas, following almost im
mediately upon tho practical expulsion
of a member of a county executive
committee who was a believer in said
reform, admonishes us that the time
has arrived when it is proper and nec
essary for those who believe in the lib
erty of conscience and of opinion, to
speak out plainly as to their "'ntentlons
We hold this truth to be self-evident,
that the appointment of Chairman Fin
ley as chief of the state executive com
mittee did not invest him with the at
tribute of democratic infallibility, nor
victed, but the casi was appealed and
ho is now under 13.000 baiL The com
pany succeeded in breaking up the co
operative clothing establishment start
ed oy Ota loclisd-ont employes by com
pelling the clothing factories to refuse
to sell to it. Since the lock-out the
business of the combine has fallen off
from S19.000.000 to 513,000,000. The
resolution instituting the biyeott was
adopted unanimDusly as follows:
Wherea", The Clothing I-xch-uiReof Roch
ester, V. v., has locked out thrir employes,
depriving them of their right to live; and
Whereas. The said combine has arrested
the officers or tho Kniiihts of Labor on
trumpc 1 up charges and before a packed
place in his pious keeping the souls
and consciences of individual demo
crats. Reared as we have been in the folds
of the democratic party and many of
us having fought its battles and fol
lowed its flag for a life-time, we have
been taught ever to believe that democ
racy was not, and in its essential na
ture could not be, incompatible with
perfect liberty of thought and speech.
Previous to this most remarkable ful
mination of Chairman Finley, we had
supposed that each individual democrat
was a freeman, having full possession
of, and control over his own conscience.
Holding these views, the undersigned,
in common with many others, true and
I Jal democrats, have seen fit to exam
ine and approve the principles of what
is called the sub-treasury plan. We
believe in common wih the great mass
of laborers and producers that during
the past thirty years, if not ever since
its foundation, our federal government
has been administered in the interest
of capital, to the prejudice of labor.
The tillers of the soil, the producers
and property owners generally, and all
other values, have submitted for many
years to a systematic robbery by the
government for the enrichment of the
Agriculture, tho basis of all wealth,
and of civilization itself, has borne the
burdens of government, and those who
follow its pursuits, thus discriminating
against, have gradually become "hew
ers of wood and drawers of water" for
the more favored classes; oppressed al
ways and successfully by the exactions
of money, and incapable, through un
just laws and systems propagated by
syndicated wealth, of exercising even
the poor privilege of naming a price
for what they produce or may hare to
Anent these environments, which
threaten even the existeuce of them
and their loved ones, they are looking
for some remedy. Freeborn, they are
not disposed forever to wear chains
which present economic conditions
have imposed upon them and which, in
some respects, are more galling than
the actual slavery once existing in our
midst They feel that they are en
titled to equal privileges with all other
classes in this country, and that they
have a right to demand that all dis
criminations by government against
them shall cease. The flag they have
raised and the battle they have begun
have but one object equality. This
they feel they are entitled to and in
tend to have.
To the details of the sub-treasury
plan we are not wedded. If they are
inconsistent with conservative business
principles or with the teachings of the
democratic fathers, let them go. Bnt
upon the principle of the sab-treasury
plan we shall remain inflexible. This
principle, as we understand it, is that
national banks, as banks of issue,
shall be abolished, that all money
shall be issued direct by the gov
ernment itself in sufficient volume
to do the business of the country, on a
conservative cash basis at the least
possible expense to the people, that the
volume shill be placed beyond the
reach of private manipulation and ren
dered incapable of marked relative
uualr action or expaoaieav On this
principle, which we believe is sane'
tioned and inculcated by many of our
wisest statesmen, including the im
mortal Jefferson, wo have no com
promise to offer. We know that each
year the peoplo are forced to submit to
extortionate robbery, because of a
want of such a circulating medium in
that country, and they are not willing
to submit to tins enforced scarcity, in
the interest and for the benefit of the
money lenders of Wall street
We announce our purpose, and the
purpose of all those who think with us,
to remain democratic despite the
eagerness df Mf". Finley to get rid o
us, und to make a fight for our p'rinci
pies, which are essentially democratic.
We are democrats "to the mannei
bora," and we serve notice on Mr. Fin
ley and his instigators and co-conspirators,
that when the battle cry il
sounded we will be found on the demo
cratic battlefield, as wo have always
been, with the old democratic flag
floating at the head of our column, pre1
pared to give our best service to th
cause of the people, and with a full
determination to slay our foes in front,
and such traitors as may fire inu us
from ambush in the rear.
If war among democrats must come,
because of our determination to exer-
Jury convicted tbo master workman, one
Jjmcs Hughe, for dolus; his duty to his fel
low men ; therefore be It
Unsolved, That wo denounce the actions
or the Iiocheater Clothing combine for de
priving their former cmploves of doing a
lawful business, and bu it further
Itoolvcd, That wo call upon all fair
minded people to let tl'O goods of these un
fair an I un American manufacturers se
After the passage of tho above reso
lution it was decided to publish a list
of retail stores handling the goods of
the combine in every alliance paper, an
effort that will tend largely to bring
tho company to terms.
cisc the rights of free American citizen
ship and to think for ourselves without
taking the advice of some "boss," the
responsibility must rest upon other
shoulders than ours. We are ready for
peace or war, proscribing no man for
opinion's sake, and equally determined
that no man shall proscribe us; and
we call upon all democrats in Texas,
as well as others who think with us
and the liberal minded who differ from
us, to organize at once in every con
gressional district, county and voting
precinct, for the preservation of pure
Jcffersonian democracy, in this grand
old commonwealth, and the rescue of
democracy from tho hands of bucca
neers, who seem determined in their in
solence to destroy it, unless they are
permitted to run it far their exclusive
benefit, and that of their fellow spoils
men. Dallas (Tex. Southern Mercury.
Railroads la politics.
"Railroads in the west have been the
most potent factors in the recent state
elections. They claim they were forced
to this course to save their lines from
practical confiscation. It was a fight
for existence and the railroads won. It
was the roads rather than the demo
crats that elected lloies governor of
Iowa and changed the complexion of
the railroad commission. Even more
was their power felt in Kansas where
tho railroads succeeded- in defeating
nine out of eleven alliance candidates
for circuit judgeships. As a conse
quence, without segard to party, Chi
cago officials of Iowa and Kansas lines
are holding high carnival over the
election in those states."
The above dispatch of Chicago date
is taken from the Xew York Herald,
and will bear a carefnl reading in the
light of the present political condition.
Notice the last paragraph especially,
"without regard to party." It explains
certain actions among leading politi
cians that have heretofore been some
what vague. National Economist.
The action of the Farmers' Alliance
in indorsing so heartily the order's po
sition in the difficulty with the Roch
ester clothing combine is most gratify
ing. Quite apart from the tromeadous
force which the organized fanners can
bring to bear upon a settlement of the
difficulty, the action of the alliance is
gratifying as demonstrating the coming
together of the toilers of the field and
the factory. A common interest, a
common danger and a common suffer
ing have forced them to make a com
mon cause, and now it only needs wise
councils and detem''i ncUvi t wh
all the reforms t iui jauco can ask for,
all the justice that reform can give.
Journal of Knights of Labor.
We believe in doing a good turn
when we can, and we are going to pnt
those fellows who believe in intrinsic
value of money into a right smart busi
ness. Gather up 500 cents (intrinsic
value a half dollar) and swap them fox
five silver stump-tailed dollars (intrin
sic value S3. 75), swap these again foi
one full-fledged yellow gold piece, anc
you will make H 50 by the operation
if your theory is correct If not, why
not? If yon are real spry yog nigbl
get around twice and make 99 per day
Why don't some of yoa try it? Bier
An Astounding; Proposition on the Part of
John Jay Knox Which Seems to Have
Been Advanced in All berlousnesi.
At the recent annual convention of
the American Hankers association.
helo at Ne,w Orleans, November It and
12, the national bankers through their
mouth-piece, John Jar Knox, formu
lated the following astonishing and im
pudent proposition, or plan for a flex
ible circulating medium. Mr. Knox
"What we need in a country liko this,
if we are to have a bank circulation,
which I iiope yfe arc to have at some
time in the future, ,is A circulation
which is both safe and clastic I grant
that the national bank circulation,
while it filled all of three requirements
of safety.conrertibUity and uniformity,
was defective in the principle of elas
ticity. : "The proposition which I had the
honor to present to congress was in
brief terms the following! That banks
(organized in this country shoiild be al
lowed to issue a circulation upon 75 per
cont of their capital. A bank of S400,
000 capital should have the right to
issue circulation to the amount of $300,
000. Half of that circulation (S150.000)
Would be secured by gold or silver coin
or bullion, or, if yon please, by the
public debt so long as the 4s shall ex
ist, until 1903, by government bonds.
The other portion of the circulation
would be secured by a safety fund. Of
course, if circulation was issued on
gold or silver coin or bullion alone
there would be no profit on that circu
lation, but upon the other half of the
circulation there would be a profit, as
it would be secured by a safety fund.
Tho principle of the safety fund rests
upon the well established fact that at
least threcfourths of the banks arc
managed with ability, and under no
circumstances arc likely to become in
solvent. We have experience to guide
us in this matter. During a quarter of
a century, during twenty-five years, 130
national banks failed, having an aggre
gate circulation of Sl5,000,000. Under
this system, one-half that amount wonld
have been secured by a deposit of coin
or bullion. The other half would have
been secured by a safety fund. This
safety fund would be formed by a con
tribution of all the banks of the coun
try of one per cent, upon the amount
of circulation issued, tho same amount
that is now contributed to the govern
ment of the United States as a tax up
"We would have then a loss of $15,
000,000 in twenty-five years, an annual
loss of $600,000. One-half secured by a
safety fund of $300,000 and the other
half by coin or bullion. The income,
provided that $300,000,000 of circulation
was issued, would be $3,000,000 a year.
The loss would bo $300,000, or a loss of
only one-tenth of the amonnt of the in
come, taking the experience of the last
twenty-five years as correct data. If
the loss should be five times greater or
ten times greater than the experience
of the last twenty-five years, there
would be still enough in the safety
fund to cover all possible require
ments. If the safety' fund should by
any possibility be exhausted, the un
secured solvent notes would be enti
tled to preference in payment from the
assets of the bank and the individual
liabilities of the stockholders. While
the total of insolvent national bank
notes during the last twenty-five years
has been $15,000,000, tho amount de
rived from the assets and individual
liabilities of insolvent banks had been
more than $10,000,000. This is inde
pendent of the bonds. So that such in
solvent notes, if the banking system is
conducted as safely in the future as in
the past, would be secure without a
safety fund. But without the safety
fund the amount which would be taken
to pay these notes wonld be taken from
tho fund which properly belongs to the
depositors of the banks."
Grand in its audacity and revolution
izing in its ideas, proposing, as it does,
'to vest in banking corporations a pre
rogative belonging solely to congress,
,the foregoing proposition nevertheless
embodies some concessions and admis
sions of value and portent to the people
at large. Stripped of all surpcrfluous
verbiage the proposition is as follows:
That for every S3.C0 in ostensible cap
ital claimed by a bank it shall issue
paper bills for two dollars. Of this
amount one dollar is to have behind it
a dollar in gold or silver coin or bullion
for its redemption in case of the failure
of the bank or its retirement from bus
iness by liquidation. The other dollar
is to havo behind it for its redemption
in case of the failure of a bank or its
retirement from business the sum of
two cents in coin or bullion. This vir
First That so far as its use as money
or as a circulating medium is concerned,
money needs no specie basis or metal
lic reserve for its redemption, as Mr.
Knox in his proposition 'makes no pro
vision for the redemption of any of this
bank currency, except in case of banks
becoming insolvent or voluntarily re
tiring from business. And even for
this contingency there is no provision
for the redemption of more than the
one-hundredth part of the total bank
circulation outstanding. In other
words, Mr. Knox contemplates that the
average life of a bank and its currency
will be fifty years, ranging from one to
one hundred years. If more than one
per cent, of the total outstanding bank
currency should need redemption from
any cause the worth of one-half of the
excess would be problematical.
Second That were it not for the fact
some banks become insolvent and oth
ers wish to retire' from business, no
other money than paper hills wonld
ever be required.
Now let us give Mr. Knox's princi
ples a broader application. The credit
of the whole people is better than that
of the banks, while anything the Amer
ican bankers' association can accom
plish the whole people, including the
bankers, in their communal govern
mental capacity, can more easily and
surely perform. The United States
government will never fail or become
insolvent. If a sinking or safety fund
of two per cent, in the hands of the
L:a-s i a rod and sufficient reserve
to guarantee a circulating media, then
surely a reserve fund of five per cent,
in the hands of the people's govern
ment is good security for the redemp
tion Of a volume of currency, especially
when it is considered that the two per
cent, safety fund, it is proposed that
the banks shall provide is to guard
against a contingency that cannot hap
pen in the case of the United States
government; to wit, insolvency.
The United States government has
had in possession a reserve fund for
many years of one hundred million
dollars ia gold to redeem threebiodred
and forty-six million dollars k United
States legal tender notes, (greenbacks)
which has reauiaed'aad yet
intact, no one having, so far, presented
one of the notes for redemption.
Applying Mr. Knox's' role of suffi
ciency this reserve of one hundred mil
lion dollars, with no possibility of in
solvency, shonld be large enough to
secure an issue of five billions of dol
lars in United States legal tender
greenbacks, if three million dollars
will secure one hundred and fifty
millions of uollsrs in )ank currency.
Besides, Mr. Knox, as I have before
stated, does not consider any reserve
at all necessary, except to redeem out
standing notes of banks ceasing to do
business on account of insolvency. But
suppose we say that in the case of the
United State's government a reserve
fund of five per cent would Xe neces
sary to guarantee the redemption of
full legal tender greenback currency.
It would then take one hundred million
dollars of "gold or coin or silver bul
lion" to secure a paper issue of two
billions of dollars.
Nsw apply Mr. Knox's principle of
co-operation to the people, as he ap
plies it to the banks. As the banks
under the operation of his plan are to
subscribe a fund of one per cent, of
their circulation, so let the people's
congress authorize the United States
treasurer to cover into the redemption
reserve fund each year a sufficient
amount to keep scch reserve fund1 al
ways up to the maximum limit of one
hundred millions of dollars, to guar
antee the redemption of the two bil
lions of outstanding legal tender pa
per. This would be safe and practic
able. If not, why not?
Mr. Knot's argument against the
plau would probably be the yell of
"fiat money." But whose fiat? And
whose fiat wouM give the proposed
bank currency tho cloak of legality?
But what about the relative benefit
of tho two plans to the people at large?
In tie one case the banks would have
$100 of credit to loan to the people at
an average rate of eight per cent, for
which they would be out just $3 in
"goll or silver coin or bullion." In
the ether case the $100 would be loaned
to the people "at a rate of interest not
to ciceed two per cent" It is very
easy to discern which would bo the
lcst for the banks. Now as to the
flexibility of the volume of bank cur
rency contemplated by this proposition
of Sir. Knox's. Let us be exact. The
actual costof that half of the volume of
bank currency secured by the proposed
"safety fund" would be for each $100
thesnm of twenty cents in money, and
the interest upon SLS0. Mr. Knox evi
dently wishes to convey the impression
tha on account of the low cost of such
currency to the banks, that they could
afford to let a goodly portion of it lie
idle at times in their vaults and yet
realize a good average profit upon the
whole. But wo kuow, and Mr. Knox
should know, that an addition of two
cr three hundred millions of dollars to
our present volume of currency would
make no more perceptible ripple upon
the stream of commerce, than would a
pebble cast into a lake of water. And
it'must be remembered that the banks
havingcontrolof this currency it would
not be let ont to the. peoplo until the
extreme necessity and urgent demand
far it raised the rate of interest to a
satisfactory point This would be a
snap for the banks, but the flexibility
does not make itself very apparent
The requirements in order to a flexi
ble volume of money are:
First A volume of money limited in
amount only by the quantity that can
be profitably used in productive in
dustries and the channels of commerce,
provided such money may be freely ob
tained at a rate of interest which will
equitably divide tho net annual prod
uct of the nation between the two
factors labor and capital.
As the net annual increase in na
tional wealth has just about averaged
four per cent for the past twenty
years, money, if loaned by capatilists
or bankers, should not cost more than
two per cent If, however, money be
furnished to the people direct, by
themselves (government) it would be at
the cost of issue, all tax or interest
paid above such cost taking the place
of other forms of tavation.
Second An absolutely safe place of
deposit for tho savings, or surplus
money of the people, from whence it
can be obtained upon demand; such
savings, while in such place of deposit,
to draw interest at a lower rate than
the established legal current rate for
the use of money.
These requirements may be filled:
First lSj' the people, as a govern
ment, loaning their credit (money) to
themselves as individuals, upon pro
ductive real estato at two per cent in
terest Second By making such credit bills
(money) interconvertible with United
States postal savings bank bonds, of
convenient denominations, bearing one
or one and one-half per cent interest,
and obtainable at the post offices in the
cities and principle towns.
This would give us a flexible, elnstic
volume of currency, which would auto
matically adjust itself to all ordinary
or extraordinary demands for its use.
George C. Ward, in Topeka Advocate.
The Georgia Alliance Lender Shonld Not
Trr to ltlde Two Horses at the Same
On Wednesday last at the Atlanta
exposition, Oates, of Alabama, pat this
direct question to Congressman Liv
ingston, of Georgia:
"Will you vote for Cleveland if he is
The direct reply was: "I will vote
for the nominee."
It is with deep regret that we note
such language coming from Livingston.
Bis reply should have been: "I stand
by the Ocala platform."
This reply wonld have reinstated him
in the leadership of the reform party
It would nave been proof positive of
his loyalty to the cause and the people.
The reply which be did make is at
the best a dodge, and is intended to de
ceive somebody. Who is it to be?
These are not times for political
truckling or trickstering. A failure to
express the true sentiment ft the alli
aucenca cf GiTjit his 1-at us tirce
states already this fall, and a continua
tion of this policy will soon disgust our
western brethren with us to an extent
which may be finally disastrous to the
If CoL Livingston expects to continue
in the leadership of the reform forces
of Georgia he most fctop trying to ride
two horses at once, must sever all con
nection with old party ringsters, and
obey the voice of the peop'e sever all
connection with railroad monopolists
ad .stand oat clear and apart from all
Hcb. This reform movement is too
Wf for any man to carry in his, rest
poeket Atlanta (Gx) People's Party
(THE WORLD AT LABGE,
Summary of the Daily Kwj
Wnts the senate met on the 9th the f,fe-'
dent's tn'ossaee was received and read an4
the body adjourned.... The house received
the message which wa3 r;p anaan adjourn
........ ....&.. .....II O ....s ...
uiuii. taitcu uuui o-&ufu.ijr. .
WHKV tliAMnafA mrtrntlM tftth avrn?
department reports and memorials were
presented. Mr. ,Tnrple lntrodneed a bill
providing for the election of Cnlted States
senators bv the DeODle: ilr. Ver Intro-
ducrd a bill to amend the Immigration lasf
Mr. vest, a bill to prohibit monopoly In the
transportation or cattle: Sir. Flamb. to pro
vide for free coinage of silver; Mr. Hauler,
to revive tba grade of llcutenant-a-encral;
Sir. reffer a rsolttloa directing an Inquiry
as to tne actual expenses attending ids basi
nets of money-lending: Several other fe
solutions were offered and the ieriatu ad
journed.... The house was not In session.
Conqkem was not In session on the 11th.
Tax stnate was not In session on the 12th.
....The house held a brief sssslon and the
speaker announced the following commit
tees: Accounts Rosk (Md.). Cooper (Ind ),
Dickinson (Kr.), Hoses (S. C). Seeley (la.),
Pearson (O ), Qusckenbush (X. Y), Grlswold
(Pa.) andOummlngi (Col.). Mileage Castle
(Minn.), chairman. Crawford (X. G). Kendall
(Ky.),-Caldwell (O.) arid Flick (la.). Ad
journed until Wedne-day.
No business was transacted by the senate'
on tbe llth and the house was not in session.
Senate caucuses were busy arranging com
mittees. WASIlUIMUm WOIaW.
The department of agriculture re
ports the condition of growing wheat
as 85.3. The reports generally are not
favorable Interesting statistics as to
cfop prices are given.
Mb. BaIes, commissioner of naviga
tion, who has supervision of the laws
relating to vessels and seamen, has
submitted his annual report to the sec
rotary of the treasury. He states that
on almost all points the American
shipyard excels the British in its pro
ductions. The annual report of Attorney-General
Miller is made public. lie de
clares thai the new court of appeals
has not relieved the supreme court
Tub National Bar association has de
cided to meet at Washington every year
for the future.
Ax effort will be made to secure the
prohibition national convention for
Baltimore or Washington.
Senator Sherman is said to be an
avowed candidate for president
The president will not make any new
appointments to fill any vacancies until
all the recess appointments have been
laid before tho senate.
It is definitely settled that Mr. Cul
berson of Texas, will be appointed on
the inier-state commerce commission
and will aceept The appointment
will be made in a few daya
The attorney-general has advised
against the acceptance by the treasury
of the offer cf Newberger, Weiss & Co.,
of San Francisco, to compromise the
government's claim against them on
account of the alleged fraudulent en
tries of merchandise. Criminal pro
ceedings will be instituted against the
The president has sent to the senate
the entire list of recess appointments,
additional to the names submitted last
week. The list includes 281 postmasters
and a large number of army and navy
appointments and promotions in the
revenue marine service.
Senator Feltox, of California, has
introduced a bill appropriating $3,000,
000 for a public building in San Fran
cisco. UnriiKSEXTATiVK Exi.ok, of Tennes
see, has decided to offer a resolution
looking to the further investigation of
C. mmissioner Baum's a (ministration
of the pension bureau and will seek the
appointment of a special committee of
Congressman SrRiscr.it declares that
economy will be tho watchward of the
house this winter and while the world's
fair inny secure a loan of $3,000,000 it
is not likely to be given that amount
Senator Gaixinger, of New Hamp
shire, introduced a bill in tho senate on
tho llth entirely prohibiting the em
ployment of aliens on government
Commissioner Lane, of the depart
ment of agriculture, has issued a cir
cular calling a convention for the pur
pose of considering the practicability
of reducing the acreage of cotton in
the south. He names the city of Mont
gomery, Ala, as the most suitable
place and Wednesday, January 6, 1S0-J,
as the time.
The grand jury of Beaver county,
Pa., in the cose of United States Sena
tor M. S. Quay against the Beaver Star
for criminal libel, has found a true bill
against that newspaper.
The fact that the majority of the
members of the Union League club of
New York are in favor of retaining the
republican character of tho organiza
tion was clearly decided by a vote of
A frame building being erected for
au i.e lions? c.illapwl a Lchir;!itor,P.i.;
and two men were killed and five se
The supreme "court of New Hamp
shire has declined to give a new trial
to Isaac Sawtclle. condemned for the
murder of his brother Hiram.
Abraham Backer, the well-known
dealer in commercial paper of 2S5
Broadway. New York, who failed Au
gust 3, with liabilities of Beveral mil
lion dollars, died recently. He brood
ed greatly over his misfortune.
A PROCLAMATION has been issued by
Gov. Pattison, of Pennsylvania, an
nouncing a reduction of the state debt
during the year of (3,538 353.
Mr. Bonneb had Sunol out the other
morning with Eldrod and drove the
pair up to the east drive of Central
park, New York, and down to the west
drive. The mare behaved with perfect
sobriety. Once ia a while she looked
askance at a piece of statuary.
A bass on the dairy farm of Jacob
Bicker, near Lockhaven, Pa., was
burned with its ontcnts, including
seventeen cows, five horses, three colts,
700 bushels of wheat, forty tons of hay
and 1,800 bushels of corn.
Edward M. Field, son of Cyrus W.
Field and head of the defunct New
York brolterasre firm of Field, Lin 'W.
Wcioiitrrs & t-u., was arretted at the
asylum where he was confined, charged
with larceny ia the first degree.
The head of the Busaell Sage dyna
miter was examined in New York and
the fillings of the teeth were found to
correspond to those of Norcross, of
Boston. There is little doubt now that
tbe note broker was tbe man.
It is alleged in Boston that it has
been almost positively determined that
the Russell Sage dynamiter was Henry
D. Norcross, a noted broker of Somer
Ho. J08IAU Mixot, occ3 the h
partner of President Franklin Pierce,
sliad at Concord, N.H.. and 73
IN Williamscu-g. Ia., a wholo block
ia the tidiness portion was burned.
Ths los was partially covered by in
tnrancc'. Kit Camos.- Jr., a son of the famous
sccut, Mtlcd hU father-in-law and
mother-in-law near La Juntd, CoL, and
made hir escaped His wife had left
him because cl bis drunkenness and
Exi'erts were on the stand all lay
on the lolil hi the' Graves case at Den
vcr. Juiljfe Macod, f the defense,
caused a sensation by drinfc!s out of
th fatal bcttle.
Tn J t?c"n and an infant were in
stantly killed a HcMwood, near Chi
cago, by a "Big Four" exprCSS rain on
tho Illinois Central tracks and ofiC
woman just escaped a similar fate.
Thote killed were Mrs. Mary Witt and
Mrs. Anna Gottschalk and the infant
child of the Jatter-.
The sixteen alleged anarchists who
were caught in the raid rin Griefs hall,
Chicago, several weeks ago, and were
fined and tho fines remitted, have ap
pealed their cases to the criminal court
The venerable Archbishop Kenrick,
of St Louis, fell on the street recently
and was badly hurt
Ceorgb S Montgomery a million
aire of Beulah, Cat, and his wife pro
pose to join the Salvation army.
Burton Ford, aged 10 year, of
Crystal, Mich, is missing and Is be
lieved to )!av been kidnaped.
A collision occurred t Mountain
Glen, near Murphysboro, III., 3fi he
Mobile fc Ohio road between a freight
(rain and construction train. Four or
Gve persons were reported killed.
The Kenova bridge of the Norfolk &
Western Bail road Co., which is the first
crossing of the Ohio river above Cin
cinnati, has been opened for traffic
The Illinois club, of Chicago, held a
large meeting against the Garfield race
track iniquity. Editor Carter Harrison
and prominent clergymen were the
Austrian and Italian striking miners
in Crested Butte, CoL, attacked Sheriff
Shares and his posse and a battlo en
sued in which five Italians were killed
and two Austrains fatally wounded.
Ex-Citv Treasurer William Peake,
of Kansas City, Ma, was acquitted of
the charge of embezzling S-0,000 of the
Fire at Oakes, N. I)., caused a loss
of 530,000 and the death of Dr. Schmidt
The extensive plant of the Watkins
Wire Spring Co. in Lockport, III., was
burned, causing a loss of $80,000. The
company is the successor of the Chicago
Wire & Spring Co., in operation since
Rev. Father Swebach, of Prairie
du Chien, Wis., has received a cable
gram from Home notifying him of his
appointment of bishop of the La Crosse
diocese to fill the vacancy caused by
the death of Bishop Flasche.
E. Morrow, United States engineer
in charge of the Ohio river and all its
navigable tributaries, dropped dead on
an Ohio & Mississippi river train near
Bdgefield, III-, while en route to Shaw
nee town on business.
TnE defeat of Mills for speaker has
caused a movement in Texas to send
him to tho senate.
The boiler in the saw mill of T. F.
Von Bracker, at Fredericksburg, Va.,
exploded, instantly killing Charles Ty
son, engineer, badly wonnding Philip
and Hamilton Hudson and injuring
Charles Saunders and W. R. Chalk.
A complete list of the dead found in
the ruins of the buildings of the Boone
Paper Co. and the factory of Meene &
Co., at Louisville, Ky., showed 14 dead.
Nine other persons were injured.
As a result of the confession of a
negro named Henry Seeber, that he
alone was the murderer of Thornton
Nance, the ten negroes under sentence
to hang at Columbia, S. C, will now be
released. Seeber confesses because he
does not want to see innocent men suf
fer for his crime.
Details of tho quadruple murder
near New Smyrna, Fla., show that the
crime was a most horrible one all the
victims being shot and beaten and their
throats cut There is fear that a fifth
person was killed.
Evert parish of Louisiana, save
West Baton Rouge, havo elected dele
gates to the democratic convention.
The faction favorable to the lottery
will be in control by a majority of 100.
C C Bliss, who was a prominent
leader in Arkansas during the recon
struction era, was fonnd dead in bed at
Little Rock. Cause, heart disease.
The annual convention of the Amer
ican federation of labor began at Birm
ingham, Ala., on the 14th. President
Gompors spoke briefly and General Sec
retary Evans presented his annual re
port The north bound passenger train on
the Santa Fe, en route to Kansas City,
was badly wrecked near Paul's Valley,
Tex. Many passengers were injured
The directors of the Bank of England
have reduced the bank rate of discount
from 4 to SH percent
A new volcanic island, 500 meters in
length, has appeared southward of the
island of Pantellaria in the Mediter
ranean, near the submarine upheaval
of a few months ago.
The Malissori tribe from Albania
have raided, burned Poschaul and
Vrangevce, villages in Servia and
killed four of the inhabitants, plun
dered the houses of five hamlets and
killed seven persons.
A terrible explosion took place ia
the Friekings-Hoffming pit at Ilenna
dorf, ia Silesia, Germany, killing twen
ty miners and wounding a number of
China has demanded the withdrawal
of the British posts at Nampoung. The
government has declined tj accede, but
has instructed the commander to do his
utmost to avoid a collision.
It is announced from Campos, Brazil,
that there wa? a revolt there against
the Peixotto government Ten were
killed and forty wounded in th-s con
flict with the government troops.
Australian influeuza, similar to la
grippe, has made its appearance ia
California. In Oakland, Alameda and
other ui as hundreds are afflicted and
many deaths are resulting from the
Details have been received of the
capture of the town of Telilme, China,
by rebels. Horrible barbarities were
Parnelltte leaders have began suit
in London for the appointment of a
new trustee for the Paris fond, Justin
McCarthy not being agreeable.
It is denied from Chili that any prop
osition to suspend the Chilian legatios
at Washington has ever been made to
the eostgrws cl Chili
Mr. Ot.amtoxc & u tiirm to
the liberal irlca.trol caafereaea ia
lie pledged reform
BRiTlei! oficers and Sepoy troop
made an attacK on tribesmen of Inns
and defeated them After s hot fight
Seventeen British marla nnderwrit- -crshave
withdrawn from the society of
Lloyds, London, within a few weeks
and the effect upon ship owners aad.
shippers is not at all reassuring.
The president of Hayti has decided
to issue a proclamation of general am
nesty to political offenders.
The clearing returns to Brads treet's.
for the past .week made a better show
tag than recently.
B. G. DVN tt Co. 's weekly trade re
view is even more cheerful than usual.
Co!letkms are improving and general
business is 3013d.
Lord DcrFElgv has been appointed
British ambassador France in the
plat of the late Lord Lytton.
Owing" to the drought, the grain crops
have been lost Ovr large areas in the
Madras presidency. Famine prices for
cereals prevail in lour districts.
A dispatch from Singapore state.
that a severe gale prevailed af Bong;
Kong December 4. A large number C
Cli!nse vessels were destroyed and
hundreds it Chinese, sailors and labor
ers drowned. European vessels
tained little damage.
Madame Modjeska. the actress;
reported much better.
Business in tbe Havana sugar
ket during the week was restricted ow- t
iHg to tho fact that the prices asked by
holders were too high for buyers and
the sales iBade were insignificant
President Polk, of the National
Farmers Alliance, denies that the or
der is Iostag strength.
The Londdn advisory board of Vir
ginia state debt boSdholders have de
clined to recommend vbat holders ac
cept the American commit?' scheme
for the settlement of claiurt against
Virginia. Holders representing' 33,
000,000 will, however, accept
President Montt, of Chili, has seni
out a reply to President Harrison's
message in which he declares Chili has
never tried to evade the Baltimore out
rage responsibility. The vessel has
sailed for San Francfcvo.
TnE remains of the late Dom Pedro,
ex-emperor of Brazil, wera laid away
in the Braganza tomb in Liaboa with
Vestrymen of a Protestant Anglican
church at Newry, Ireland, seized the
communion cloth during service and
cut out and b jraed the letters "L H.
S." embroidered on it Tho rector re-.
sisted in vain.
In a mad election riot ia WaterfonL
Ireland, Michael Davitt received a bad
cut on the hea 1 and many others were
injured. Davitt now declares that ho
will be a candidate for parliament
The London Times' Santiago corres
pondent declares that Chilians regard
President Harrison's message as a
breach of diplomatic conrtesy.
Europe's stock markers were rather
firm last week. London is waiting oh
New York to push American railroad
The porta has suppressed the French
newspaper Le Staraboul for alluding
in an offensive manner to Emperor
William of Germany. .
The German minister of marine hae r
resigned because he fat not alloWe4i&fe2g,;
build several men-of-war.
Advices have been received at Brus
sels that Emin and Stuhlman have dis
covered a river, tho most southerly
branch of the Nile, rising north of
Ujiji and flowing into the Albert Ed
ward Nyanza on the southeast shore. v
A letter from Rio Janeiro reports
the army and navy of Brazil both ia a
J. D. Copeau, general freight and
passenger agent of the Monterey fc
Mexican Gulf road, says the droughtio
Mexico has caused such distress that
appeals for aid have been sent out from '
various paints in the states of Duraogo,
Coahuita, Nueva Leon, Tamaulipasand
San Luis Potosi.
Two gamekeepers on the estate of
Lord Brownlow at Ailesbury, county
Bucks, England, have been found mur
dered. It was tbe general opinion that
they were killed by poachers.
The British ship Enterkin, Capt Sin
clair, bound from Hull, England, for
Brisbane, Australia, was driven upon
the Gallopers, south of tbe port of
Ramsgate. Thirty lives were lost,
every person on board except a ap
prentice boy being drowned.
Chicago, Dec 16. Jesso James' ex
ploits were outdone last nicht in Chicago,
On one of tiie leading tLoroughfares five
daring highwaymen suddenly surrounded
one of Uncle Sam's biggest mail wagon,
and, at revolt er points, forced the postal
employes to throw out several sack. The
bulky government Tchlcle was then sea
flying on its journey, its occupants beia?
threatened with Instant death if they made1
an outcry or stopped. So complete wa
the surprise effected by the bandit taa
the driver failed to utilize the services of a .
bull douhichwas beside him on the seat
Thoroughly (Tightened, the driver wiif
ped up the horses and drove as rapidly as,,
possible to the main postoffice, where ha
reported the affair. An inventory w
then made of the contents of the wa9Bf
and it was found that two registered mail
pouches t.om the.stock yards station and:
those from the southern station and Bbae
Island avenue station were missiag. The
value of the contents of the pouches tafcea
is believed to be heavy. Near midaigM
the stolen mil sacks, split open aaci
of their contents, were found ia the
division of the city, fully three miles
the scene of the robbery. At thJa
eierv available man of the city
force and postoffice Inspector's ia
straining every nerve toobtain a ctaete
the identity of the highwaymen and their
Muskogee, L T., Dec 18.-Chief Hayes.
and the second chief Chambers of the Cher
okee nation are dead, former dying Sun
day night Tbe president of the Cherotee
senate is not expected to live. TbeneUe"
U thus without a head or successor- to art
for it s,
St. Petersburg. Dec 16. No aieallw
of the existence of smallpox is adeby
newspa(ers and in fact they even l?iai ,
nothing about the famine and people with i
no other information will never know I mat ,
:v3:i3 r":r. that dread spectre of taa-
me -uu pestilence naa spreau -.-. ; '
over tho traft nt what has been Raaaja's v-. v--
most fertile territory. This is dae tone-
cret instructions issued by the aleeer
dering newspapers to ignore fssVsae d-T
epidemic of smallpox. In two villages etv
the government of Rixtan twe haadrad
persons are down witnthe loatheiogwd
ease and fifty deaths have already stair.
red. The smallpox is also ravaging the -nrovlnee
of Viatki. Samara, Vsadcaar,
Orenburg, Peterhoff and Sartot If ad-
jf iel. 1m rlait4tlnn aI Mill tllsdh'sT tT
phus fever is carrying off nnsureeavfe- 3-- ?"
tuna in various provinces. Ontae-whetofa -.
a more gloomy outlook conld notwHhe' -.
imagined, and although ibe fcwtnTj-x i.
scattered through the cxantryai.lsg--lj
are almost miess People have,
a rtaM when titer turnc nun
Ijrbt wiMt'iir iwietfoi. f
aaay, 100, arewrueaui muss
taff.-riac the stow tomre.et 4
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