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tjr St. - 1-4
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THROUGH A GLASS.
HE good shlpTJmbria
was not yet naif a
day out from Queens
town, but already
majestic Mrs. Claf
flin was laid out in
her steamer - chair,
miserably limp and
sea-sick. She might
as well have been a
mummy for all the
interest she took in
the watery world
around her, or all
that her fellow-passengers
took ia her,
as she was in her
wrappings of vails and afghans.
But the bright eyes of the young girl be
side her were observing enough for them
both, and her fair, interesting face attract
ed the attention of every one who passed
along that side of the deck.
The invigorating s< wind ruffled up her
soft, light hair, that curled coquettishly
tinder the dark blue Tarn O'Shar.ter, and
brought a warm glow to her cheeks.
The deck was thronged with people tak
ing their morning constitutional, and the
constantly recurring figures afforded her
She lay back in her chair watching them,
with no thoaght of seeing a familiar face
among them, and was almost startled when
she caught sight of onp she recognized.
A tall young fellow in a gray tourist's
suit, sauntered along with his hands behind
bim, looking abstractedly off to sea. He
was going by without noticing any one.
She leaned forward a "little and called his
name. "Rob Rob Eustis I" It was spoken
so softly that her companion failed to hear,
but Eusti3 heard, and came hurrying up to
shake hands, his face glowing with pleas
Tire at the unexpected meeting.
"Well, now, this is jolly!" he exclaimed.
'I didn't think there was a soul on board
that I knew. "Who is that you have hidden
away so carefully!"
"Oh, that is Mrs. Clafflin. She is sound
asleep now. She is chaperoning me home,
you know. The rest of the familj' were not
ready to come. I have another year at
school yet, before they will let me stay
abroad longer than through vacation."
Hq looked around for a vacant chair, but
seeing none, proposed a promenado around
'I hope James Clafflin's mother will have
a good sleep," she remarked, as ho piloted
her around to the other side of the ship.
"Why, what do you mean by that, Kitty?"
he r.bkcd, calling her by the old name he had
given her long ago.
"My chaperone, you know. She has done
nothing but talk of her son James ever
tince we left London. He is a model for all
pns and would be quite a catch for even a
Crown Princess in her opinion. Lam tired
to death of having James and his virtues
always on dress parade."
"She has been very good to me,"
Katherine went on, "but James 13 getfing
to be such a tiresome old story. Then, too,
Ehe watches mo like a hawk, and seems to
resent any little, friendly attentions and
overtures that naturally grow out of a
"Eureka I" he cried, with a mischievous,
"boyish twinkle in his gray eyes. "I'vo had
an inspiration ! Let's worry tho old lady a
little the balance of this trip, and mako her
"bclievo I'm an old sweetheart of yours.
Come on around to her and present me,"
"All right," assented Katherine, with the
same readiness with which she had entered
into their childisn games when sho was
eiz and ho was ten.
Tho sickening sound of the gong for
lunch had just aroused Mrs. Clafflin to the
recollection that she was pitching around
on tho unstable deep, when Katherine came
up with Rob Eustis.
She introduced him as an old friend, with
a shy, upward glance at him that aroused
dark suspicions in Mrs. Clafflin's busy
They stayed and chatted awhile, rear--rauged
her rugs and cushions, ordered ber
lunch, and then sauntered off a little way
to lean over the railing and talk long and
''She's watching us," said Katherine,
after awhile. "I can feel her eyes on me.
There, she's getting her spy glass out."
snn called nis xvme.
' "Whew! this sun is hot!" answered
Rob. "Let me raise your umbrella. Maybe
s he can tell what you arc saying by tho mo
tion of your lips," ho added, carefully ad
justing tho umbrella to shut off the view.
'I wonder how madamo likes that. She
can imagine all sorts of sweet glances and
tender words arc going on under this thing,
whereas it is tho most platonic of friend
ships, with all sentiment left out."
Mrs. Clafflin chafed with impatient
curiosity, and had numerous questions to
ask her charge when Rob finally brought
her back and settled ber in her chair.
One day near the end of the voyage he
stopped Katherine on tho stairs. "I'm go
ing to write you a note," he said, hurriedly,
"for the old lady to read with her spy-glass,
ril be up on deck in a few minutes. Watch
how she takes it,"
Presently he sauntered past them with a
formal good morning, and seating himself
at some distance from them, opened a little
traveling companion of Russia leather, and
hegan to write.
Mrs. Clafflin grew uneasy. "Is that a ves
sel coming in sight!" sho remarked, after
awhile. 4,It ertainly looks like one."
She carefK'y adjusted the glass, and her
eager and slowly swept the horizon. Ther.
she shifted her chair, partly turning her
back on Katherine, who was absorbed in a
'How changeable the water is this morn
ing," she observed. "Green and gray and
hlue such constant variations."
She seemed lost in thought for awhile.
Katherine watched tho glass furtively
"It's aimed pretty straight," she said to
Hob wrote slowly, with long pauses
wherein he seemed deliberating what form
of expression to use, or how best to give
utterance to his thoughts; and slowly,
word by word, Mrs. Clafflin deciphered it
as no wrote.
It was a straightforward, manly letter.
Aelluiff of his love and bis hope, and his in
ability to speak to her instead of writing
on account of her argus-eyed companion,
who evinced such dislike for him.
"I do not ask," he wrote, "for an imme
diate answer. I know you are too-young
now to think of marriage, but I want the
sweet assurance that you care for me not
as you cared for the old friend and com
radebut as a lover now, and by and by as
something still nearer and clearer. Think
about it to-day and I will come to you at
sunset. If you greet me with a smile, my
Kathleen, then I shall know that 1 may
hope, but if you turn away or I do not find
you in your usual place on the deck, then I
shall know that tho love that has grown to
be dearer than life is denied me."
Katherine had been down m the dining
room at lunch for some time when Rob
finished the letter. Mrs. Clafflin never vent
ured beyond its threshold, so she was tak
ing her lunch on deck by herself when one
of the stewards came up with a book. "For
Miss AUport," he said. "I thought she was
"Let me have it I will give it to her,"
That evening at sunset Rob Eustis passed
back and forth along the deck. Mrs. Claf
flin sat alone. "Kathie, dear," she had said
a few minutes before, "Mrs. Espey is very
anxious to hear you sing and I promised you
would favor her this evening. I see hei
coming now to take you to the musie-room.''
"My plan is working out beautifully,'
thought Mrs. Clafflin. "Ah ! I forgot to tel.
you, my dear, Mr. Eustis sent this to you
yesterday while you were at lunch. It is
the book you were discussing the othc-r
Katherine turned the pages indifferently.
Tho noto was not there. Mrs. Clafflin had
slipped out the sealed envelope Rob had
placed there, intending to replace it just
before landing, when an interview and ex
planation would be too late. She dropped it
'CAN I BE OF AXT SEUVICC TO-MORROW,
into the traveling bag under her berth
when she went to her state-room, forgetting
that her's and Katherine's were exactly
Katherine found it, guessed how it came
there and laughed heartily to herself when
she read it, thinking of the consternation
with which it must have been read when
Mrs. Clafflin turned her glass upon it
Then sho re-read it Something in it
moved her strangely, and she read it again.
It did not sound like a jest A vague un
happiness she could not account for took
possession of her and all the rest of tho day
she was absent-minded and quiet
Now that Eustis was disposed of, Mrs.
Clafflin felt that sho could rlax her vigi
lance, and retired to her state-room to su
Katherine strolled out to the bow and
leaned over the railing to watch the fasci
nating rise and fall of the foam-tipped
.waves. It was almost dark. They would
be in sight of the harbor lights before mid
night. Presently Rob came up beside her. "Can
I be of any service to-morrow, Kitty!" he
asked. "It is tedious business getting
through the custom-house."
"Oh, no, thank you," sho answered,
"James will be there to do every thing."
Then she laughed.
"Mrs. Clafflin thinks she has nipped a fine
romance in tho bud. She thinks you have
proposed to me, that you believe I received
your noto and paid no attention to it, and
that lam ignorant ot tho true state of af
fairs. But sho saw 'through a glass dark
ly' when she turned her lens on us, and her
little stratagem was useless."
Rob did not auswer. She stood there a
moment feeling a strange restraint in his
silence. Some unaccountable barrier seemed
between them, and she could not go on jok
ing as she had done before. Presently he
offered her his arm, and they began to walk
slowly back and forth.
Darkness drew down over the sea, but
the light streamed out from the cabin doors
aud port holes.
"No," he said at length, "her little strata
gem was not useless. It brought me face to
face with myself. All that I wrote you that
night in jest I havo come out here to-night
to repeat to you in earnest, and a thousand
times more than that I know now that I
loved you then, or I could not have written
as I did. I know that this may seem sudden
to you, but it is not sudden. It has been the
slow growth of years, though 1 have been
so long in recognizing it"
The deep, earnest voice struck a re
sponsive chord in the girl's heart, but sho
would not let him know it
"Well, Rob," sho said, gaily, "you always
could carry out a joke bettor than any on
Ieverkuew. I wish Mother Clafflin could
hear you now."
"Oh, Katherine, do be serious," he pro
tested, with a desperate earnestness. "Bc
lievo me, sweetheart, it is the happiness cf
a lifetime I am asking for. Don't you care
for me in tho least?"
He bent over her in the darkness. Her
hand rested a moment in his, but the sweet
v. illful lips so near his own spoke no word,
and the night hid the answer he might have
read in her eyes.
Mrs. Espey passed with her maid.
"Mrs. Clafflin is looking for you," slw
said in passing. "She is around on the other
"Wait" pleaded Rob. "You have not
answered me. I will see you to-morrow
:st your home! No; tell me now, Kitty. I
can't let you go without some little word
She gave him both her hands an instanv
in a quick, impetuous way, and then was
' Early next morning Mrs. Clafflin stood
with glass in hand, eagerly scanning the
aundreds of people at the docks for a sight
f James' well-known face, and glancing at
Hatherine now and then to wonder how
they would impress each other. She no
ticed her bow to some one just starting
down the gang-plank, and turned in time to
see Robert Eustis raise his hat in what
seemed to her a very cool, indifferent man
ner. ''He couldn't have been so much in love
with her as his letter seemed to indicate,'
she thought to herself, ''or he never would
have gotten over it so quickly. No telling,
though, what it might hare come to if I
hadn't interfered. Thank goodness, here
i comes James!" . A. J. F.J.
Homely South Americaa Birds of VToa
For years I looked for it, and when
the wished opportunity came, and it
was in my power to secure it, I re
frained; and fate punished me by never
permitting' me to see it again. On
several occasions while riding on the
pampas I had caught glimpses of this
minute bird flitting up mothlike, with
uncertain tremulous flight, and again
dipping into the weeds, tall grass, or
thistles. Its plumage was yellowish
in hue, like sere dead herbage, and its
... ..i, .o.v sw.w uwcma UUl UIV! cm. ..-
extremely sieuaer body lookea longer
and slimmer than it was, owing to the
great length of its tail, or of the two
middle tail feathors. I knew that it
was a Synallaxis a genus of small
bird3 of the "South American family
Dendrocolaptidce, which contains about
two hundred and thirty species already
described. A numerous family of in
conspicuous birds, dull-looking in their
homely brown colors, and with
out a song among them. The loss
of this small bird might then be
thought a trival matter, especially
when it is known that every year adds
to the long list of species. But it is not
so, for these are wise little birds, more
interesting I had almost said more
beautiful in their wisdom, or wisdom
simulating instincts, than the quatzel
in its resplendent green or the cock-of-the-rock
in its vivid scarlet plumage.
In nest-making they show the utmost
ingenuity, and do not like the members
of some other families and orders
pigeon and humming birds, for instance
follow one plan or stylo, but their
architecture exhibits endless variety.
They excavate deep tunnels in the solid
earth, feeble folk as they are, and
others rear solid clay structures that no
cgg-stealer can enter and no tempest
overthrow. The stick nests they build
are in most cases domed, with tho en
trance designed to keep out all enemies.
Somo are gigantic structures, larger
than an eagle wou'd require to breed
in, with a long winding passage aud
secret chamber for the eggs and young,
and in size they vary from these hugo
fabrics to dainty little cradles no bigger
than a 'wren's nest, suspended basket
wiso from slender reeds and twigs. As
to the forms of tho nests, they are
spherical, oblong, oval, flask-shaped,
fruit and stem shaped, and teapot
shaped, with tho spout for entrance.
Wrens and mocking birds havo melody
for their chief attraction, and tho name
of each kind is, to our minds, also the
name of a certain kind of sweet music;
we think of swifts and swallows in con
nection with the mysterious migratory
instinct; and humming birds havo a
glittering mantle, and the miraculous
motions necessary to display its over
changing iridescent beauty. In like
manner, the homely DendrocolajUidce
possess tho genius for building, and an
account of ono of these small birds
without its nest would bo like a biog
raphy of Sir Christopher Wren that
made no mention of his works. Long
A Queer Indian Tradition.
The Buffalo Express tells of an In
dian's grave along tho shore of the
Oneida Lake whoro at times a weird
and supernatural light makes its ap
pearance. It is described as a ball of
fire about the size of a large orange,
and sways to and fro in the air about
thirty feet from the ground, confining
its irregular movements within a space
about one hundred feet square. " Peo
ple have attompted.to go near enough
to solve the mystery, but it would sud
denly disappear before reaching it A
vory -peculiar story is told by tho neigh
bors near the spot They claim that
many years ago tho locality was part of
an Indian reservation. A man by "the
name of Belknap frequently dreamed
that there was a crock in the Indian
cemetery containing immense treas
ures, and that if he went there at the
hour when graveyards yawn he could
secure it These dreams wore repeated
so often that they had a strong effect
and he went there with a pick and
shovel according to instructions, but
he failed to turn round three times
when he found the crock, as the dream
directed. He went to pick it up, but
was stunned by a flash of lightning;
and the crock disappeared. Since that
time the spot has been haunted by this
Will Writing Become a Lost Art?
Will the coming man write? Not at
all. There will be no more need of his
learning to write than of his learning
to spin. Writing will have become one
of the lost arts, and a wholly unneces
sary art by the time the coming man
appears. His writing will be done by
the phonograph, which will be placed
on his desk as pens and ink are now;
and whenever he has a story, a poem.
an. essay or a private letter to indite he
win siuipiy uiiM. iuw mi; puuuograpn
and send on tho plate which has
recorded his words. The teaching of
penmanship will he unknown in the
school of the future, and writing in tho j hifThirbeneficial. the effect being doubt
present fashion will be regarded as j j Js not confined to the alimentarj
LUULU tLUiri.l wm. . v uavuirMij 3 tj I
now hold tho rude hieroglyphics of the
ancients tp be. Boston Traveller.
Few ladies consider that they carry
some forty or fifty miles of hair on
their head; the fair-haired may even
have to dress seventy miles of threads
of gold every morning. A German ex
perimentalist has proved that a single
hair will suspend four ounces without
breaking, stretching under the process
and contracting again. But the hair
thus weighed must be dark brown, for
blonde hair breaks down under two and,
a half1 ounce
REST AND RECREATION.
They Are Absolutely Xeceuarx to Womea
la All Callings.
Social debts nowadays must be .paid
'as promptly as the interest on a note.
Society has become exacting, and shows
its indifferent creditors no mercy. It is a
lamentable fact, also, that although tho
situation is improving, very few render
for the world the very best that they
are capable of doing. It no longer says
that the mind which created Aurora
. Leigh would have been better occupied
in interpreting the mysteries of house
keeping. It does not inquire if Harriet
, UUSUiOl V..IU U.UU ilUU. RUIU 11 iW
Hosmer can darn and knit It at last
comprehends that tho hands which can
' successfully wield the pen or the chisel
do better to relegate the homelier tasks
to those who can do nothing else. This
is not meant as an undervaluation of
housekeeping, which requires skill and
wisdom; but ono star differs from an
another in glory, and all are not ex
ported to shine in the same orbit or
with the same magnitude. But, at last
it is permitted women to choose their
work, in a measure, and do that to
which they are best adapted. Still they
have not availed themselves of tho
change as they might have done, and
must do if they expect entire success.
Few persons, men or women, can apply
themselves to more than one profession
at a time.
Yet the woman physician comes from
the bedside of her patient and sits
down at the sewing machine, or looks
after the cook or tho chambermaid to
see that they have not left undone tho
Chings that they ouht to havo done.
There aro many married school teach
ers who keep houbo and manago
schools, and, since thoy aie not omnip
otent, fail to do their best in either.
In these days of endlcs3 averages, pro
tracted examinations, and complicated
reports, tho school responsibilities
ought to be sufficient. Yet they wash,
iron, cook, sow . and houso clean, and
the result is diseased nerves and shat-
! tered health. They are old and worn
out when thoy should bo in tho vigorous
primo of life.
As a rule overworked women hava
no one to blame but themselves. They
begin their married life by doing things
rip resonable husband would expect or
requiro, but to which ho finally be
comes accustomed and accepts as a
matter of course.
Tho sewing machine has been a de
vourer of strength and leisure, and in
the tucks and ruffles it has made possi
ble has been probably more of a baua
than a blessing.
Tho mother who spends all her time
in making elaborate clothes for her
children should remember that neces-
j sary comfort and cleanliness and tasto
may bo had with half the expense and
labor which sho sees fit to bestow on
them. The personal care and compan
ionship aro worth moro to them than
all the lace and embroidery and ruffles
that ever were devised. Money will
buy clothing; nothing will buy that caro
and sympathy which she, of all the
world, can give them. Human strength
has its limits, and if it is wholly ex
pended upon the unnecessary, the im
portant and vital must suffer. More
than all others do the mothers of
families need rest and recreation rest
that they may ho fresh and full of i
cheerfulness and courage, in tho face of
the ceaseless demands made upon them;
and recreation, which relieves exist
ence of monotony, and enables them to
return to tho old routine "with clearer
vision, and with stimulated interest, in
what, otherwise, must become a dull,
joyless ground. Chicago Inter Ocean.
THE FOOD "OF MAN.
How Cooking Altera the Chemical Com
position of Food.
The lower mammals can live and
flourish with comparatively little
change of diet; not' so man. He de
mands food not only dissimilar in its
actual grosser nature, but differently
prepared. In a word, for the different
nervous impulses.on which the digestive
processes depond, to be properly sup
plied, it has becomo necessary that a
variety off different impulses (through
the eye, ear. nose, palate) reach tho
nervous center, attuning them to har
mony, so that they shall act yot not
interfere with one another.
Cooking greatly alters the chemical
composition, the mechanical condition,
and, in consequence, the flavor, the di
gestibility and nutritivo value of foods.
To illustrate: meat in its raw condi
tion would present mechanical diflicul
ties, tho digestive fluids permeating it
less completely; an obstacle, however,
of far greater magnitude in tho case of
most vegetable foods. By cooking,
certain chemical compounds are re
placed by others, while some may be
wholly removed. As a rule, boiling is
not a good form of preparing meat be-
cause it withdraws not only salts of
importance, but protcids and the ex
tractives nitrogenous and other. Beef
tea is valuable chiefly because of these
extractives, though it also contains a
! geiatin, albumin and fats.
meat furnishes less nutriment, a largo
part having Jbeen removed-by the brine;
notwithstanding, an persons at limes.
a enmn frenuentlv. find such food
Meat according to the heat em
ploved, may be so cooked as to retain
the greater part of its juices within it,
or the reverse. With a high temper
ature (sixty-five degrees to seventy-five
degrees O.) the outside in roasting may
Thso quickly hardened as to retain the
juices. Wesley Mills, M. B.. in Popu
lar Science Aionmry.
An insane colored girl with a razor
walked into a camp meeting at Gooch
land. Va., looking for the devil. The
congregation arose at her appearanca
MANAGEMENT OF CREAM.
The Most Particular or All the Special
Points la Batter-Maklac.
The management of the cream is the
most particular' of all the special points
in butter-making, -both as regards the
quantity and the quality of the butter.
Sweet cream makes less butter, and
that of a less pleasant flavor than
soured cream. But if the souring is
carried too far the flavor of the butter
is deteriorated, as the acidity hastens
the production of those volatile acids
which when in excess produce that con
dition which is known as rancidity. It
is to the very moderalo quantity of
these acids in the butter that the pleas
ant nutty flavor and peculiarly agree
able odor of good buttor are duo. Tho
proper condition of the cream is called
ripeness. Tho ripening of cream con
sists in the production of a certain
quantity of lactic acid in tho milk, of
which tho largest part from sixty to
seventy-five por cent of tho cream
consists. The quantity of acid in the
cream should be no moro than is suffi
cient to give it a mild, pleasant-sour
tasto, and this may bo produced pre
cisely by tho following methods with
shallow or deep cold setting respective
ly. With tho former the milk is set in
shallow pans, at a temperature
of sixty to sixty-two degrees, inpuro
air. for thirty-six hours, when it is
skimmed, the milk being still sweet or
very slightly soured. The cream,
skimmed at intervals of twelve hours,
is kept in a covered jar at the samo
temperature, and fiesh cream is added
to the first skimmings, tho whole is
gently stirred, to mix all together. At
the expiration of thirty-six hours from
the first skimming tho cream will bo in
the best condition for churning, and
ripeness," as it is now termed, and for
making excellent butter. With tho
cold water and deep-pail setting tho
cream is skimmed twenty-four hours
after the milk has been set, and is kept
in a pail set in the tank at the usual
temperature of forty-five degrees until
thero is enough for the churning, or tho
cream of such skimming may be
churned each day. But the cream must
then bo ripened before it is churned.
This may be done by exposing the
cream to a temperaturo of sixty to
sixty-five degrees for twenty-four hours
to produce the requisito acidity or ripe
ness; but this delay may bo avoided
and tho ripening hastened by
adding a sufficient quantity of
sour milk or buttermilk of tho
previous day's churning to produce
sourness. Generally ono quart of the
sour milk to twenty quarts of tho sweet
cream will bo enough for this purpose;
the cream being gently stirred so as to
mix tho sour milk evenly through it
The precision with which this ripening
is offected is tho main point in making
tho best quality of butter, and to bo
sure about it tho thermometer should
bo used to regulate the temperature,
and tho time sh'ould bo noted; for tem
peraturo nnd timo act together, and ono
element being in excess tho other needs
to bo reduced to reach the desirable
effect If all the operations of the
dairy are performed with precision, the
cleanliness of evory thing used, and the
purity of the air being perfectly se
cured, then tho tempei ature and time
may be fixed by rule; if the tempera
ture is increased the time is decreased,
and vice versa; and thus every timo
tho samo results may be reached?
Henry Stewart, oin American Agriculturist
Does the Farm Pay?
Every farmer should ask himself this
question at the close of harvest and
answer it honestly. The farm does not
pay if it merely affords a living and
prevents the accumulation of debt It
may do moro than this it may even
decrease debt and add to the value of
stock and improvements and yet not
pay. It being assumed that tho labor
and superintendence of the owner is
equal in value to the support of tho
family, then tho net accumulations of
the year must be equal to the legal in
terest upon the whole capital invested,
or the farm does not pay. This is a
simple method of farm bookkeeping,
and will always answer the question;
yet too many farmers would shrink
fronj applying tho test If tho farm
does not pay to at least this extent the
situation should be rigidly canvassed,
with a view to finding better methods.
Labor, brain and capital working to
gether furnish the best possible com
bination for success, and when they are
centered in one individual should bo
able to -command it St Paul Pioneer
Press. . m
Queer Things That Are Patented.
There is a claim in the Patent Office
for a patent on the Lord's Prayer, the
specification is that the repetition of
the same "rapidly and in a loud tone
of voice" will cure stammering. Among
odd inventions are "chicken hopples,"
which walk the chickens right out of the
garden when she tries to scratch; "the
bee moth excluder," which automatic
ally shuts up the bee 'hives when the
bees go to roost; "the tapeworm fish
hook," which' speaks for itself; the
educational balloon," a toy bal
loon with a map of the
.world on its surface; "sidehill annihila
tors," stilts to fit on the dpwn hill legs
of a horse when he is plowing along a
hillside, and the "hen'surpriser," a de
vice that drops the newly laid egg
through the bottom of the nest with
intent to beguile and wheedle the hen
into at once laying another. Couricr
JournaL m m
"It may seem singular to you'
says'a New York florist "but I'v&been
keeping a record for these twenty
years past and I have found that nine
murderers out of ten are ardent admir
ers of flowers, and meat of them prefer
dailies or liUo.1'
USEFUL AND- SUGGESTIVE.
A Swiss professor advises every
one who- wishes to live to a good old
age to drink the juice of lemons.
. The right side should be the posi
tion chosen for sleep, as it aids both
digestion and the circulation of the
If ribbons need renewing wash
them in cool suds, made of soap, and
iron when damp. Cover with a clean
cloth and iron over it
To take marking ink out of linen,
saturate the spot with cyanuret.of
potassium applied with a camel's hair
brush. After tho ink disappears wash
tho spot thoroughly in cold water.
It is said by several distinguished
physicians that a pint of warm water,
taken on an empty stomach in tho
morning, is tho surest of all remedies'
for habitual constipation. If tho tonguo
is coated, squeczo a loin on into the
water and drink without sweetening.
A sure cure for a felon is a hot
poultice of the roots of tho white holle
bore bruised and thickened with meaL
It will ease tho pain and cause the
felon to break, when it may bo healed
by any good salve. Tho plant grows
by river banks, and in moist placos and
has large ribbed, light-green leave'
that start very early in tho spring.
Diphtheria and croup may be cured
by tho vapor from liquid tar and tur
pontine. A tenspoonful each of tar and
turpentine is to be put into a pan and
sot on fire. A dc::so smoko arises
which tends to destroy tho fibrinous
tissues which choke up the throat, and
the patient immediately falls into a
deep slumber, and in tho course of
thrco days will entirely recover from
"In purchasing a turkey," says
Tablo Talk, "chooso a fat hen not
weighing over thirteen pounds.'1 Tho
turkey should roast at least three hours
in an oven, hot for tho first hour and
moderate for tho remaining two. Tho
turkey should be basted with its own
fat every fifteen minutes whilo roast
ing; a teaspoon ful of salt should bo
atTded at the end of the first hour and
the turkey should bo well dusted with
Remedy for Hay Fever. Vapor of
camphor and steam is recom mended.
Tho vapor is made to come in contact
with the outer surface of the face, sur
rounding the nose by means of a paper
cono placed with tho narrow end down
ward in a vessel containing hot water
and a drachm of coarsely powdered or
shredded camphor. If this is continued
ten or twenty minutes at a time, and re
peated four or fivo times in as many
hours, a euro is usually effected.
SHEEP VERSUS COWS.
A Comparison of tho I..ilor Required In
Dairying: and Mieei-K:iW:iijr.
Tho hardest work on tho farm is that
of dairying, for such w ork never ends,
there bein no holidays or Sundays to
afford rest as tho cows must bo milked
regularly. To conduct a dairy means
to rise very early in tho morning, feed
the cows, milk, cool the mil.v, haul it
to the railroad (in all kinds of weath
er), and if converted into buttor thero
is tho setting of the milk for cream,
churning, working the butter and
cleaning the cans and other utensils
Then the stables aro to bo cleaned,
bedding arranged, tho cows sent to
pasture, all in tho forenoon. Late in
the afternoon is moro milking, cooling,
feeding and fastening tho cows for tho
night, a late hour appearing before tho
work is finished.
The amount of labor necessary in
conducting tho dairy business demands
an outlay of capital which is very
large, for it means shelter for tho
milkers and other accommodations,
buildings and fences, horses and wagons
for hauling and other adjuncts drain
the purse, and yet tho farmer may not
mako any profit at all if tho season is
unfavorable, the grass scauty and the
hay crop short Yet dairying pays de
spite ail these drawbacks, as a largo
portion of the profit is in tho manure,
which enriches the laud and adds to the
value of tho farm.
As the sheep is an active forager,
and can subsist on nearly all kinds of
food, tho outlay of capital required to
mako sheep pay is comparatively small
compared with that required for dairy
ing; but with moro labor devoted to
sheep they can be kept to better advan
tage and made a special branch of in
dustry. It is claimed that sheep can
not be profitably kept in largo flocks
unless they had an extended area of
ground, but this is shown by the
methods practiced in England to bo a
delusion. True, sheep in England aro
not kept in large flocks, but largo num
bers of sheep divided into suitable flocks
are hurdled upon limited spaces,
the hurdles removed as occasion
demands, and on farms that are rented
at sums much higher than some farms
can be purchased in this country the
sheep pay welL The mutton breeds
alone are kept as wool is given no at
tention in England, being classed a by
product, the same as hides. Americans
object to the hurdling svstem as being
too laborious and requiring extra help.
A comparison of the labor required in
the management of dairy stock with
that which is necessary for sheep under
the hurdling system will show a great
advantage in favor of sheep, while tho
profits will be much larger in propor
tion to capital invested find expenses
incurred. With the use of improved
breeds and the hurdling system sheep
In England attain the livo weight of
three hundred pounds in twelve months.
With the demand for choice mutton
which always exists in our markets
there is nothing to prevent the Ameri
can farmer from rivaling his brother
in England. Philadelphia Record.