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DODGE CITY. KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MEMBER 4, 1889.
The FORD CO. GLOBE, Established 1877. .! mhwi iw
The FORD CO. REPUBLICAN. " 1886. Consolidated, 1883.
FOURTEENTH YEAR. VOL. XIII, NO. 6
Small Profits and Quick Sales,
and One Price to all, la the Mot
to of our Business.
This Week is Hav
ing a Clearing Sale
of All Wool
at prices not hith
erto seen, heard,
or dreamt of any
where in this part
per yard, sold elsewhere at 50.
per yard, sold elsewhere at 60.
per yard, sold elsewhere at 75.
per yard, sold elsewhere at 85.
The above four
lines are LESS
rer's cost. We
can assure you it
does not give us
pleasure to offer
these goods at
less than cost,
but we have too
many and must
turn them into
CASH, and we
think at that loss
we can do it.
One WEEK Only
Strange & Suipersby.
Rev. TV. H. Roee, pastor.at new M.E. church
every Sunday, at 11 a. nx. ana -M p. m. Sun
day School at 9:45 a. m. Prayer meeting-
on Thursday evening and young folks
prayermeeting Tuesday evening at 7:30.
Rev. J. 2L Wright, pastor. Services every
Sunday 11 o'clock and 7:30. Sunday school 9
o'clock, prayer meeting Tuesday evening.
Pbotestast Episcopal Chukch.
Services every Sunday at 11 :00 a. m. and 7 :30
. m. Ladled Guild meets every Thursday,
frs. J. H. Kinlay, Pres. of Guild.
J. J. Summerset, Lay Reader.
Begular services at the church on the first
and third Sunday each month, at 8:00 and
C. L. Eearfcl, Hector.
A. F. & A. M.
Regular Communication of St. Ber-
iLT nard's Lodge No. 222 meets second
yr and fourth Fridavs of every month,
at 7 p. in., in Masonic Hall, Dodge City, Kan
sas. All members In good standing are cor
dially invited to attend.
C. W. WlLLBTT, W. M.
J. C BAIRD. Sec'y.
Meets every Tuesday evening in
I. O. O. F. Hall, Dodge City, Kansas.
ill regular members are cordially in
ited to attend. L. A. Laubbr, C. C.
. . HAHPEB, K.OIK.SS.
Hall of Coroxa Lodge, i
I. O. O. F., No. 137. j
Lodge meets every Wednesday
evening in new lodge room of
I. O. O. F. All members of the order in
good standing invited to attend.
SOBT. BCCHAXAV, X. G.
Chas. Lkesox, Secretary,
A. O. U. W.
Protection Lodge No. 172, meets every Mon
day night at 8 o'clock, Masonic Hall, Dodge
City, Kansas. Visiting brothers are cordially
invited to meet with us when in the citv.
Frank Akixs, W. M.
C. . Hudson, Recorder.
LEWIS POST, 294, G. A. R.
Meets at I. O. O. F.Hall, Dodge City, Kansas,
on the tirst and third Tuesdays in each
month. Members are earnestly requested
to attend. Visiting comrades cordially in
vited. D. L. Sweeney, Commander.
J. F. Cobb, Adjt.
S. K. OF A. O. U. W., Dodge City.
Legion No. 53 meets at Masonic Hall the
First and Third Thursday's of each month at
7:00 p. m. Comrades visiting in the city
are cordially invited to meet with ns. W. E.
OAKLEY, S. C. Frank akins, Recorder.
Condition Powders are well
and favorably known. E. B.
Garland has prepared and
sold them in Dodge City for
the last six years; they are
the best and cheapest in the
Wm. T. S. CURT1SS,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Kellogg Building, 1416, F Street X. W., Wash
Ington, D. C.
Practices before the Supreme Court of the
United States, Court of Claims, Supreme
Court of the District of Columbia and Gov
Obtains patents to all classes of public
lakds, and gives special attention to Contests
before the General Land Office and Interior
Special terms made with non-resident at
torneys having cases before the departments
References : Hon. S. R. Peters, Newton, Ks ;
Hon. E-J. Turner, Hozie, Kas; lion. Tho's
Ryan. Topeka, Kas ; Hon. E. G. Ross, Govern
or of New Mexico ; Hon. S. J. Crawford, ex
Gov. of Kansas; Theod. F. Wood, treasurer
U.S. Express Co.N.Y.Citv: Shellabarger ft
T IISUII, TT 111. c. .can KUU i unci u. ua iugt;,
Washington, D. C. 4
U TCstnTblisl&ed 1845.
Is the oldest and most popular scientific and
mechanical paper published and has the
largest circulation of any paper of its class
in the world. Fully illustrated. Best class of
wood engravings. Published weekly. Send
for specimen copy. Price $3.00 a year. Four
months' trial $1.00. MUNN & CO., Publish
ers, 391 Broadway, N. Y.,
ARCHITECTS & BUILDER
EDITION OF SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN. 0
A great Success. Each issue contains col
ored lithographic plates of country and city
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for the use of such as contemplate building.
Price $2J0 a year, or 35 cents a copy.
J4U ft uo., ruDiisners.
. AVpyvO may be secured
-VM I E. WW I 9 by applying to
H7" Muss ft Co. who have had over 40 years
experience and have made over 100,000
applications for American and foreign pat
ents. Send for handbook. Correspondence
In cae vour mark is not registered In the
Patent Office, apply to MusxftCo., and pro
cure immediate protection. Send for band
book. COPYRIGHTS for books, charts, maps,
etc., quickly procured.
nD5X A CO., Patent Solicitors.
Gkxek.il Office: 361 Broadway, X. Y.
And Stockmen, get ready
for wintering yonr stock by
feeding Peter Hardings Con
dition Powders, prepared
and sold by . It. Garland
at 25c per pound package,
one-half the cost of patent
Outline for Teachers' Meeting to be held
Saturday, December 6th, at nine a. m.
Its Product Meat Thought.
Fear distinct forma: Abstraction. Gtnerali'
xation. Judgment. Reasoning.
(Does the mind possess this power)?
(Is an abstract idea real)?
Abstract Ideas are particular or general?
Distinction between an abttract and a per-
Other views of abstraction:
1st. The view of Mill and of Hamilton.
2nd. The view of Stewart and of Wayland.
G ENE KALIZATION :
Its relation to Abstraction.
The difference between a General Idea arid
a Particular Idea.
Higher Concepts How formed?
1st step Comparison.
2nd step Analysis.
3rd step Synthesis.
Generalization Invites, binds together as
cending from percept to concept, tc.
Can a concept be represented by a concrete
Difference between a concept and a. percept.
Two classes of concept.
Relation of higher to lower conceptions.
What is meant by "contentf by "extentf"
as applied to concept t
What is meant by extension? by intention
The Qualities of Concepts:
1st. Clear Obscure.
2nd. Distinct Confused.
3rd. Adequate Inadequate.
4th. Notative Symbolical.
Sth. Absolute Relative.
6th. Contrary Contradictory.
7th. Positive Negative.
Methods of unfolding Conceptions:
1st. Logical Division.
2nd. Logical Analysis.
3rd. Logical Definition.
General Ideas are the basis:
1st, of Language.
2nd, of Science.
What is Nominalism t
What are the arguments which refute It?
How it differs from generalization?
Early attempts imperfect.
The kingdoms of nature.
The classification of objects in the material
world is bnt the discovery of the divine ideas
Meteorological Re pert.
The following summary for the month
of November is taken from Sergeant T.
W. Sherwood's report from the station
at this place to the signal service bureau :
Mean barometer 30.226.
Highest barometer 30.666, on 5th.
Lowest barometer 29.661, on 20th.
Mean temperature 37.4.
Highest temperature 66, on 6th.
Lowest temperature 16, on 29th.
Greatest daily range of temperature
Least daily range of temperature 3.
Prevailing direction of wind, north.
Total movement of wind, 5,803.
Extreme velocity of wind 54 miles,
north, on the 11th.
Total precipitation, .77 inches.
Number of days on which rain or snow
Total excess in precipitation during
the month, .17 inches.
Number cloudless days 15 ; part cloudy
7; coudy, 8.
Ah Editor Loose.
This is the way the editor feels when
he does up his sentiment in blank verse:
"I would flee from the city's rule and
law from its fashions and forms cut
loose and go where the strawberry
grows on its straw, and the gooseberry
grows on its goose; where the catnip
tree is climbed by the cat as she clutches
her prey the guileless and unsuspect
ing rat on the rattan bush at play; I will
catch with ease the saffron cow and the
cowlet in their glee, as they leap from
bough to bough on the top of the cow
slip tree; and list while the partridge
drums his drum and the woodchuck
chucks his wood, and the dog devours
the dogwood plum in the primitive soli
tude. "O, let me drink from a moss-grown
pump, that was hewn from a pumpkin
tree! Eat mush and milk from a rural
stump, from folly and fashion free new
gathered mush from the mushroom vine,
and milk from the milkweed sweet with
pineapple from the pine. And then to
the whitewashed dairy 111 turn where
the dairymaid hastening hies, her ruddy
and golden-red butter to churn from the
milk of her butterflies; and I'll rise at
morn with the earliest bird, to the fra
grant farm yard pass, and watch the
farmer turn his herd of grasshoppers out
Chair Cars to P He bio.
The "Santa Fe Route" is now running
free reclining-chair cars between Kansas
City and Denver on daily trains leaving
Kansas City at 11:20 a. m., and Denver at
1:20 p. m. These cars are entirely new.
and have been built expressly for this train.
are fitted with all the modern appliances
for both convenience and safety, and are
uneqtwled by any cars run between these
points heretofore. No line can offer you
Dctter accommodations than the old relia-
bld "Santa FeRonte." For any informa-
iiou uesirea regaining races, through car
accommodations, time of arrival and de
parture of trains. Ac. call on any agent of
the Santa Fe, or address,
Geo. T. Njchoijoh,
TO WATER SUPPLY.
The Water Jfeariag Sands of the Ar
kansas Salve the Irrlgatioa
Special Correspondence Kansas City Times.
Dodge Crrr, Kan., Nov. 21 The sub
ject of the arid lands of theTJhited States
is oae of prime importance now and not
to be overlooked, because on what is now
practically valuless soil is to settle in the
not remote future at least as, many peo
ple as there are in all the states east of
the Mississippi river. The total arid
lands are in round numbers 600,000,000
acres, about one-fifth of which can and
will be irrigated within the next ten
years. This Jamesse body of land, once
irrigated an! tilled, will become a more
thickly settled farming community than
Iowa or Illinois, ns the universal experi
ence is that under irrigation a man tills
fewer acres than under natural rainfall,
while it-is also a fact that the climate of
this region is remarkably healthful, put
ting new life aud vigor into those who
enjoy its bracing air and bright, clear
By far the largest available area of this
waste lies in western Nebraska, western
Kansas and eastern Colorado. Taken in
its entirety the best land of the arid re
gion lies in Kansas and Nebraska, and
for reasons which will be stated farther
on it has the best immediate prospect of
Thirty years ago it was held by scien
tific men and common citizens that it
was utterly impossible to raise a crop
west of the 100th meridian ; that all land
westxf that1 and east of the Rocky moun
tains must be pastoral. Immense herds
of buffalo fed upon these plains, adding
very little wealth to the nation. Seizing
upon the idea of converting this almost
limitless expanse into pasturage adven
turous herdsmen began to raise cattle on
the plains,and the growth of the nation
immediately after the war, with the de
mand for leef east and in Europe, made
the busiuels for a term of nine years ex
ceedingly profitable; yet the business of
ranching enriched but a few; it did not
build up popular communities with di
versity of interests; it did not dot the
plains with bouses, schools, churches or
towns. The risks of the business were
great, but as long as the profits were
large they were eagerly taken. The busi
ness, too, was cruel. Stock bad no shel
ter, no food except the dry grasses of the
plains, and often starved or miserably
perished of thirst and cold in the winter
months. Gradually the settler forced bis
way westward into the land of the ranch,
contracting the area of cheap pasturage.
The supply began to exceed the demand
for beef and what had been for a time
a phenomenally profitable business be
When the Indian territory shall have
been opened to settlement, the day of the
"ranch" will be past and gone; but in its
place are to come happy homes for the
masses and prosperity for great commu
nities. The natural grasses of the plains, or
those that are most succulent, grow in
bunches and patches; they-do not make
sod like the blue grass or red top ; and in
ranching it probably took fifteen acres to
support one bullock. The government
experimental farm, near Garden City,
was started especially to experiment
with grasses in the hope that some varir
ety would be discovered adapted to the
dry soil of the plains and which would
be succulent and form a sod. A French
grass now being grown on the farm so
far seems to be the variety that will suit
the existing conditions. The great plants
must, however, have water artificially fed
to the soil in order to develop their great
value to the nation and world ; and so
far as hundreds of thousands of acres of
arid land in Kansas are concerned, oper
ations now being conducted near here
would seem to solve the problem.
That there was an immense area of
water-bearing sand in the valley of and
contiguous to the Arkansas has long
been known, bnt no individual or com
pany seemed to have the courage to tap
it. bring it to the surface and distribute
it to the parched soil. Recently the Gil
bert Bros, of Dodge City, who have built
some hundreds of miles of canal to take
the overflow of the Arkansas, concluded
to build a new line of canal, at the head
of which they would construct or rather
dig a reservoir, the supply for which
would come from the water-bearing sand
in the valley of the river.
To resolve was, with them, to act, and
they commenced late in the summer a
canal thirty-five miles long, with a reser
voir at its head 4.000 feet long, with an
average width of fifty feet and a depth
below the bed of the river of six feet.
This reservoir developed the fact that the
water is there in great quantity and bor
ings and wells at different points from
Kinsley west to Garden City and even
beyond prove that this water bearing
sand is hundreds of feet in depth with a
width well up in the tens of miles. Long
shallow reservoirs which receive the
water from the bottom, present no en
gineering difficulties that are at all ex
pensive or formidable; and as the aver-
l age fall of the Arkansas is seven feet to
the mile, it will readily be seen that the
water can be conveyed to the uplands by
comparatively short and inexpensive
canals. The vastness of this deposit of
water, so to speak, dismissed from the
mind ail danger of draining the supply;
and, when, as it seems to me must be the
case, every farmer will have a windmill
or other pump, and will store more or
less water for use at critical times and
the government supplements present
supply by immense reservoirs in the
mountains, there is going to be water
enough available to make a farm out of
almost every forty in southwestern Kan
sas. I am assured by scientific men who
have made the water supply a special
study that a somewhat similar condition
of affairs exists in the valleys of the Re
publican and Platte. If this be true then
the tillable area will immediately enlarge
to vast proportions and this now almost
barren waste will soon out a large, figure
in the economy of this uation and the
In a subsequent letter I shall present
the opinion of government engineers and
members of the geological survey, all of
whom I find are quite as hopeful and
sanguine of the future destiny of this re
gion as myself.
It almost seems childish to reassert the
fruitiulness or profitableness of irrigable
lands. The Mormons have taught man
kind what can be accomplished in this
direction east of the Rockies, while the
San Gabriel valley in California attests
the marvels which can be wrought in a
few years upon land once growing sage
btush and cactus. As there is nothing
in the climate to discredit the perfect
maturing of all crops, even maize, our
now and lands once watered will become
the granary of this country.
Timber claims are being planted.
Fire-guards are safe property now.
Miss Hattie Ridenour Sundayed with
friends in Dodge City.
John Baker has returned home from
Jacob Vance returned last week from
a visit to the old Pennsylvania home
stead This precinct votes unanimously with
the Globe-Republican on the question
The Thanksgiving affair at Royal
school house was a pleasant success in
The dehorning of cattle still goes on.
Even those who pronounced the practice
a barbarous one have fallen Into line.
Rev. Mr. Shockley. of Speareville, con
ducts a religious revival at the Slaughter
school bouse this week.
M. C. Davis has concluded his five
years tussel for a title to his homestead,
aud will apply the customary "plaster'
and go hence probably to Missouri, bis
It is the opinion of Surveyor Potter
that for a uniform surface and staying
quality of settlers, this township wears
The edict issued by the township trus
tees that able bodied paupers must chew
the cud of wrath this winter, instead of
more substantial provender at public ex
pense, is bailed with general applause.
"Traveler' should not so severely con
demn the citizens of Dodge for falling
into the ditch on the herd law question.
They evidently bad the welfare of the
whole county at heart. The various bus
iness interests of the towns of the coun
ty are largely dependent upon the suc
cess of the settlers. This step, whose
tendency is toward general poverty, may
properly be placed to the credit of the
farmers who so persistently urged the
matter upon Dodge City. The business
men of Dodge and other towns will re
joice to assist ia a rescission of the "or
The weather to-day is foggy and frosty.
Miss Jackson has taken up her resi
dence on her claim south of the ditch.
J. H. Tribilcock moved on his claim
Mrs. Cbilds has erected a house on her
claim south of town.
The land south of town is just being
occupied, while that north of town is be
ing proves up.
Rev. B. F. Smalley made final proof
on his claim on Monday.
Last Saturday was a busy day in town,
as many as four or five vehicles being at
the store at one time, besides several
persons on horseback.
"Uncle Jerry," of the Times, writes
up and sends in his news on Saturday.
Our Sabbath school is making prepa
rations for a Christmas entertainment.
The Hutchison Nerxs wishes more de
mocracy in schools by having all chil
dren rich and poor alike furnished with
FREDERIKSEX is WASTE.
IT I FEARED 1 HAT THE 1IEAB F
THE FlO HAS LKFT
Hit lion 4'aniiot be FoHd, Either
Bidgood, the Bookkeeper. Hela la
Bantu at Sto,M-Wmi nr. Bice
Ha to May ot Freorlktns Actios
and the Extent or Hl Oner ations.
Chicago Tribune. Nov. 26.
Nels C. Frederiksen will be brought
back to Chicago on a requisition if he
can be fouud. He left thi city Saturday
and was in New York Monday. It is
feared that he may haw taken the first
boat for Europe after hearing of the ar
rest of his cashier, Walter H. Bidgood.
His son and factotum, D. G. M. Freder
iksen, has not been seen for two or three
days. He is said to be with relatives in
a suburb of the city. The police are also
looking for him. The family residence
on Washington boulevard is deserted and
no one seems to know what has become
of any member of the family.
The cashier, Bidgood, was brought be
fore Justice Prindiville at .the armory
yesterday morning. He was pale and
nervous, and kept silent while his case
was being disposed of.
"How much is said to have been
taken?" said the court after the officers
had requested a continuance.
"As a formality we will say 850.000,
replied Mr. T. G. Cowie, who caused the
arrest in the interest of his father-in-
aw, Dr. John A. Rice, of Hartland, Wis
The bonds were fixed at 915,000 and
Bidgood was led below. He claims that
if any swindling was done he was simply
an innocent tool in Fretleriksen's Bauds.
Dr. Rice arrived from Wisconsin dur
ing tbe afternoon and joined his son-in-law
at the Sherman House. Officers
Kaye and Leonard of the Central Station
were in waiting and accompanied Dr.
Rice to police headquarters, where he
was closeted with Lieut. Elliott for half
an hour. The Lieutenant agreed that
much valuable time bail been lost, and
suggested tbat an immediate interview
should be had with the States attorney.
Mr. Cowie had been hauntine the
State's attorney's office since morning.
He bad talked the matter over with Mr.
Longenecker. Tbe case was ready to
present to a grand jury at any time. Mr.
Cowie said, but the State's Attorney re
plied tbat Frederiksen and tbe other
parties wanted should be immediately
apprehended and there would be no dif
ficulty in arranging the necessary for
malities as the criminal prosecution.
Dr. Rice had an interview with Mr.
Longenecker early in the evening, and
from bis presentation of the facts Mr.
Longenecker agreed that a reouisition
could be obtained immediately. A tele
gram has been sent to the New York po
lice to arrest Frederiksen.
"I have indubitable pioof, sufficient to
send Frederiksen and others to tbe pen
itentiary for this gigantic swindle,' said
Dr. Rice to a Tribune reporter. "I only
fear tbat he will skip the country before
tbe police can catch him in New York.'
"How long have you known Frederik
'Nearly three years. I became ac
quainted with hint through Milwaukee
capitalists who were investing with him.
I was led to believe that Frederiksen had
a good thing in western lands and I be
gan to invest with him. These invest
ments were in tbe shape of mortgages.
I bold a great number of them. Many I
know to be fraudulent and worthless.
How many I can't say. I don't care to
state the amount I have envolved.
"Frederiksen dealt in railroad land in
Kansas, Iowa,. Minnesota, and elsewhere.
He pretended to sell tbe land in small
farms to poor people, taking part cash
and part Mortgages. The mortgages he
sold to capitalists. There are many
thousands of poor men living on these
lands to-day, some of them having land
contracts and some deeds, who are not
entitled to one cent's interest in
the property they believe to be their
"Many of these poor men gave mort
gages to Frederiksen in good faith and
he sold the mortgages. But Frederiksen
never had a title to the land himself, and
the mortgages and the title deed3 given
by him to tbe purchasers are worthless.
Why? Because be did not pay the rail
road companies for tbe lands under his
contract and the title to them remain in
the railroads. These mortgages arc
worthless, but not fraudulent.
"Frederiksen sold large numbers of
other mortgages which were simply
fraudulent mortgages, nothing else. I
have absolute proof that he brougbt men
into bis office and paid them to sign
blank morgages men who had no in
tention of purchasing, men who never
saw the land subsequently described in
tbe mortgages and bad no idea of mov
ing on it. Not only this, but the land
described did not belong to Frederiksen
and never had. Be confessed it all lo
me. He said he bad been driven to it
by his financial troubles. He bad inten
ded paying the railroad companies for
CONTINUED ON E1GUTH PAGE