Newspaper Page Text
. - -
A TEUST ANTIDOTE
ls!'. FREE TRADE A REMEDY WORSE
f nnt wiKiriLbM.
The Drags mad Xostrams Which the
Cohdealte aacks Woald Prescribe for
a Fatleat Mot la Need or Sack Treat
meat. Perhaps the ablest and most com
plete answer yet given to the Have
meyer free trade contention that "the
customs tariff is the mother of trusts"
is that which is to be found in the
paper contributed by Dr. Samuel
Adams Robinson to the proceedings of
the Chicago trust conference of Sep
tember, 1899. In the current issue of
the American Economist this interest
ing contribution is reproduced in full.
Jt will be noticed that the paper sub
mitted in behalf of the American policy
of protection to American labor and
Industry is in no sense an apology for
-or a defense of that policy. Dr. Robin
son would as soon think of apologiz
ing for the Apostles' Creed or the Ser
mon on the Mount. He takes the of
fensive, not the defensive how effec
tively a reading of his very forcible
paper will show.
The tone assumed by Dr. Robinson
is indicated in the title of his contribu
tion, "Free Trade as a Trust Antidote."
Relieving as he does that free trade
Ji to a country such as ours a calamity
nd a curse, the writer loses no time
fan defining his attitude of vigorous at
tack upon that doctrine which scans
.so well as a theory and proves so
atrociously destructive in practice.
"With a well-aimed shaft of irony he
begins by puncturing the pretension
that free traders are enemies of trusts,
.and he shows beyond question that it
is not the trusts. but the protective
tariff, that they wish to destroy. He
"Assuming, however, for the purpose
of this discussion, that the enemies of
protection are also the enemies of
trusts in equal sincerity, it ought to
be plain to every unbiased mind that
the remedy for trust oppression is not
to be found In the death of domestic
competition. At least we should not
make a headlong rush for that remedy
until we are sure that it is the right
one. Rather let us be wise and pa
tient and inform ourselves as to the
precise character of the disease before
attempting to diagnose and prescribe.
When we shall have done this it is
not impossible that the trust antidote
will be forthcoming in the shape of ef
fective laws born, not of guesswork
and dogmatism, but of knowledge
gained from test and experience.
"If experience has taught anything,
it has taught that in a country such as
ours, with its limitless latent resources
awaiting development, you cannot
oluck the fruit of prosperity from the
kxee of free' trade. It does not grow
there. Do men gather grapes of thorns,
or figs of thistles? On general princi
ples the remedy for monopoly is not
the limitation of internal competition.
Gasoline is not a good medium for fire
extinguishment Free trade is not the
remedy we are in search of, unless the
people of the United States are pre
pared to enter upon an experiment cer
tain to overthrow our industries, but
not certain to 'smash the trusts.' So I
say, for the present:
" "Rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others we know not of.' "
The certain effect of the destruction
of new competition through the re
moval of protection, the only guaranty
of unrestricted domestic competition, is
convincingly pointed out by Dr. Rob
inson. He emphasizes the fact that
competition is the only menace which
the trust has to fear, and that to de
stroy that competition would be to
play into the hands of the trusts. It
would inevitably lead, first, to a sweep
ing reduction of American wages and
of the American standard of living,
and, second, to the formation of the
international trust a trust composed
of wage payers against whom the
wage earners of America would be
powerless in the absence of the advan
tage which they now possess by reason
of the protective tariff.
The facts as to tin plate that, in
practical operation, the ostensible duty
of 1 cents a pound is reduced to
about Vx a cent per pound, and that
while American makers were .advanc
ing the price 77 cents a box the Welsh
makers put up their price $1.45 a box
these and other relevant facts are
cited by Dr. Robinson to show that the
American tin plate trust has not yet
beea convicted of the crime of arbi
trarily advancing prices to a point not
justified by the large increases that
have taken place in the cost of mate
rials, wages, etc., and that in free
trade Great Britain the advance has
bees double that put in force in pro
tected America. He also shows that,
'whereas American tin plate ' workers
have been granted an advance of 25
per cent over the wages they received
under the Wilson law, the "tin plate
workers of Wales have been compelled
to submit to a 10 per cent reduction
of their wages.
The concluding portion of Dr. Robin
son's article bristles with points well
put On the question of tariff and
wages he says:
"The question of the effect of a pro
tectlTe tariff upon wages has been In
jected into this discussion somewhat
gratuitously upon the part of the ene
mies of protection; somewhat unwise
ly, too, it must appear, for no one, I
believe, .claims that a reduction in
wages has yet been put in force by the
trusts. The fact is that in the general
advance of wages, estimated at 15 per
ceatlsr the entire country, which has
ake face in connection with the
phsMSaeaal prosperity following the
of the policy of protection
wages and industry, trust
.payers have thus far shown mo
to shirk their share. So we
Mctade that the free trade claim
THE PATHOLOGICAL MOMENT HAS NOT YET ARRIVED.
JTSffia I Pl
V. rTl J FROSFERtTTl "S-
Dr. Protection In my judgment, there is no present need of such drugs and
nostrums in this case. The pathological moment has not yet arrived. When
it arrives I shall be ready to prescribe. Quoting from the remarks of Dr.
Samuel Adams Robinson at the Chicago trust conference, I would say: "The
stage of fits has not yet been reached, though some of the quacks would have
us think otherwise. Their antidote is an old and a well-known one. It was
tried in 1892, and we all know how it worked. Do we want any more of it?
I think not:"
that wages are not affected by tariffs
is a proposition on general principles
intended to discredit protection and not
aimed at the trusts. Here again the
American free trader stands solitary
and alone, a gloomy Napoleon on, an
economic St Helena. His foreign fel
lows long ago abandoned the conten
tion. There is at present scarcely a
shade of difference among European
manufacturers as to the true cause of
their inability to compete with America
in the world's markets. With common
accord they say it is the result of the
high wages paid American working
men, and that the establishment and
maintenance of the American standard
of wages has been made possible only
by the operation of the protective prin
ciple. The American wage earner has
lately had an object lesson along the
line of tariff and wages. The lesson
lasted four years, and he is not likely
to forget it"
The case against free trade as an an
tidote for trusts is pungently summed
up as follows:
"The free-trade advocate of the re
moval of protection as a trust antidote
finds himself upon the horns of a di
lemma. Either we need protection to
hold the home market against outside
competition, or we do not need protec
tion, and can get, along equally well
without it better; our free trade
friends tell us. If we do not need pro
tection, its removal would be valueless
as a trust antidote. If we do need pro
tection in order to maintain our hold
upon a market with a consuming ca
pacity estimated at nine billions year
ly, then the removal of protection
would work such havoc with our coun
try's prosperity as the gloomiest of
pessimists would find it well nigh im
possible to adequately foreshadow. I
am not a pessimist I am a protection
ist, a very different thing now and al
ways. Protectionists in the past have
known how to confront a danger with
a defense. They will know how to
meet the trust question at the proper
time and in the proper way. They have
never failed in an emergency; they
will not fail now. A remedy will be
forthcoming whenever the pathological
moment arrives. We all remember the
practitioner who could cure but one
disease, and who always threw the pa
tient into a fit and then prescribed for
the fit History does not, however, re
cord that he was 'invariably successful
in curing the fit. The stage of fits has
not yet been reached, though some of
the quacks would have us think other
wise. Their antidote is on old and a
well-known one. It was tried in 1892
and we all know how it worked. Do
we want any more of it? I think not
Have Used American Goods.
There is bitter complaint among the
manufacturers of woolen goods in Eng
land that Americans have practically
ceased to buy of them. Under the Wil
son low-duty tariff we purchased wool
en manufactures in one year to the
value of 149,162.992. With the freight
and other charges added these goods
cost the American consumers $60,000,
000, and the profit went into the pock
ets of the foreign manufacturers. Un
der the present tariff law we purchased
but 913.831,967. Is it strange that the
foregin manufacturers should grumble
at the loss of this trade?
We have used all the woolen goods
we needed, we have found no fault
with the quality, and the prices have
not been unreasonable. The difference
is that we have used American goods,
made in American factories by Ameri
can working men and women, and have
kept our money in the American family
instead of paying to foreigners. San
dusky (Ohio) Register.
A Rleteas Desaaad.
In a late interview the western man
ager of one of the chief watch making
factories of the world stated that he
could sell the entire output of the
works, 2,000 watches a day, out of hand
for cash, and furthermore added that
the demand was for the better move
ments. The demand he described as
"less than desperate." If McKInley
prosperity continues at this rate we
may have riots in-the cities on the part
of people who are unable to get rid of
their money fast enough. Topeka
A Saeeessfal Aaetleaeer.
A Nodaway county farmer had a
public sale recently which amounted to
over 17.800. of which 15,000 was paid la
cash. General Prosperity must hare
auctftaaeered the sale. Spriarteld
The Foreign Label Regarded as a
Guaranty of Superior jaallty.
A short time ago the wife of a prom
inent manufacturer desired to present
to a friend enough silk dress goods for
two costumes. A sample was shown
to the friend, and it was explained that
this sample was of domestic silks. The
friend to whom the silks were to be
presented, a lady of old New England
stock, intimated that she would much
prefer to have foreign goods. The
suggestion was accepted, and the don
or, accompanied by her friend, picked
out some silk dress goods at one of the
prominent retail shops in New York,
which were accepted by the friend,
and she was very much delighted at
the change from domestic to foreign
goods, as she thought. It happened that
the husband of the good lady who was
making the present was a silk manu
facturer, and on arrival at home, when
the question had been settled, and the
foreign goods selected, he examined
them, and by a peculiar mark upon the
goods which had been accepted, he
showed the ladies that the alleged for
eign goods were made by his own fac
tory in this country.
Such incidents as this illustrate the
difficulties attending the introducing
of American goods among a class of
consumers who cling to the notion that
a foreign label is a guaranty of su
perior quality. It is not inappropriate
in this connection to state the fact
that a large amount of the alleged
foreign silks sold in the stores of
prominent cities with foreign brands
woven into the goods are made right
here in this country under the opera
tions of the Dingley tariff.
Canada's Lumber Embargo.
In retaliation against the United
States for the Dingley tariff law Can
ada a few years ago adopted a measure
which discouraged the exportation of
lumber to this country. Certain Mich
igan men,who at that time already had
contracts with the province of Ontario
for lumber cutting privileges, immedi
ately protested that this course was a
violation of a constitutional guarantee.
With difficulty, and after a long series
of delays, the Michigan parties have at
last obtained an order authorizing
them to bring suit against the prov
ince to terminate this interference.
The recent addition of Mr. Stratton to
the Ontario cabinet is construed as an
indication that the province means to
make it easier for the United States to
get lumber in Canada than formerly.
New York Tribune.
The Wage-Earner's Share.
A dispatch from Youngstown, Ohio,
dated Nov. 8, reads as follows:
"At a wage conference today be
tween James H. Nutt, of the Iron Man
ufacturers' association, and a commit
tee representing the Amalgamated As
sociation of Iron and Steel Workers,
the wage scale for November and De
cember was placed on a basis of 1 6-10
cents, which makes the wages of pud
dlers 5.50, an increase of 50 cents per
ton. This is the highest price paid
for puddling since 1880."
Thus does the wage-earner come in
for his share of the general prosperity.
He has not been overlooked in the divi
sion of benefits. It is one of the glories
of the protective system that it always
looks after the wage-earner.
What Does This Mean?
American Economist: "Every wool
grower of the country should ask his
congressman or senator whether the
customs authorities throughout the
country are collecting the duty on wool
as intended by the Dingley tariff." This
is the statement of a reliable authority
in close touch with domestic wool in
terests. What does it mean?
It .means that the Wilson-Gorman
tariff act that allowed wolves to run
at large and destroy sheep has been
superseded by an act that has fenced
tup the wolves so that they will hare
to either devour one another or go
hungry. They cannot .feast on mutton
to any great extent while the Dingley
bill remains intact-Jeoria (111.) Jour
Today we stand at the head of iron
producing nations, and the great pro
moters of oar unexampled advance
hava aeea protective tariffs and stim
ulated inventions. jfwarian FUls (N.
iC.) Tallow Jacket.
By M. S. Jameson.
"Well, if those fellows are coming
around to see the old year out they
had better show up pretty soon,"
yawned H. Parker Baxter as he slam
med down the cover of a ponderous
and gruesome medical book and turned
a pair of sleepy eyes to the clock,which
was complacently ticking away the
last fifteen minutes of '98. No other
sounds were to be heard, save the oc
casional settling of the fire in the
grate, for the snow lay deep and soft
over the cobble and flagstone outside.
The old year, after a stormy life, was
dying calmly and beautifully.
To our friend Baxter, one of these
unimpas3ioned, dusty men who never
"join in," this ancient ceremony of
seeing the old year out appealed but
feebly. He used to say of New Years,
"an arbitrarily fixed point in time
which has become the inaugural date
for good resolutions, to the necessary
neglect of all other dates for their
formation," but most of his friends
thought this simply a speech that he
was gratified to make. He was trying
hard tq pose as a "rising young phys
ician," and was really acting the part
to himself, as many an ambitious man
But however this may be, as the
seconds ticked along, H. Parker grew
more and more drowsy. He settled
himself back in the chair, stared at the
fire, and blinked. Then his eyelids
"This will never do," says he,
straightening up with a jerk and
reaching out to the table for something
to read or look at, "I must keep awake
a few minutes longer." Chance put a
stack of photographs under his hand,
and though they were stale enough he
began to look them over again inci
dentally yielding to the comfort of ly
ing back in the big chair. Some were
portraits of his friends at school and
college, some were old faded prints
that ought to have had romances at
tached, but which were really very
prosaic, even to him. Others bore the
brand of the amateur's first attempt
these to be passed by quickly; a few
were the products of his own photo
graphic skill at Granite Head last sum
merbathers in the surf, the hotel, a
clam bake, etc. all very fair photo
graphs in their way but hold! here
is one that might be studied critically.
There is no hurry. It is too late now
for the revellers to come. H. Parker
shifts to a still more comfortable posi
tion and the soft lamp light shines
over his shoulder upon as pretty a lit
tle picture as you would ask to see.
It is the picture of a dark-haired girl,
dressed in a suit of duck. She is stand
ing on a log-of driftwood with her
hands behind her and her handsome,
happy face turned squarely to the cam
era. In the developing of this pic
ture H. Parker had conceded that more
care was required than in ordinary
work; he had watched its delicate lines
appear with the enthusiasm of a true
lover of the chemist's art With any
other passion? Possibly, but that was
past and gone four months ago.
The young doctor liked that photo
graph, somehow. He had examined it
time and again until he knew its every
detail. It did not grow stale like the
others. But tonight there seemed to
be a new light upon it, a new tone in
the unfocused background of sand and
STANDING ON A LOG OF DRIFT
WOOD. sea, an undefinable change of expres
sion in thos brown eyes looking out
of the albumen paper. Our imagina
tion is subject to suoh unhealthy flut
ters as this, yet most interesting grew
that picture, and H. Parker's eyes and
heart were won, if his .reason sanc
Preposterous and incredible! The
duck skirt began to move slightly, as
if stirred by a breeze from the sea, and
the margins of the picture drew far
ther and farther apart, until on one
aide a row of bath houses came into
view, while on the other the broad,
blue ocean sparkling in the summer
sunlight! More than this, H. Parker
was conscious of a slight odor of salt
In the air, as of seaweed and wet rocks
left by the tide. The distant boom of
breakers, soft at first grew louder and
nearer. When the girl stepped down
from the drift log to the sand before
his eyes, the doctor's smile of incredul
ity suddenly expired. When she looked
athlm. and spoke he felt a tremor
la the very marrow of his bones, and
not a tremor wholly of surprise either.
There he was on the beach with
bar again; not Baxter of surgical treat-
"aaa test-tabes; tat th aummer-
claf, sun-tanned devotee of Granite
Head, and the very ardent, though un
assuming,' admirer of Grace Marston.
Her first words confused his thoughts,
he felt a ghostlike atmosphere about
him, but after that the glaring August
sun warmed him through, the sea
breeze exhilerated him, he" was filled
with energy and real live happiness.
"Dear me," she was saying, "to think
that there is nothing better for you to
photograph than a sumr girt mak
ing a guy of herself on an old log!
There go those Sewall girls from the
'Pines;' if you hurry you can catch
them to pose in a group for you. I've
heard they are great at it"
"At posing, I suppose," he answered.
"No, Miss Marston, I have graduated
from the snap-'em-whenever-you-can
class and have entered the v art school
hence I have chosen you for the pic
ture." "Ha-ha-ha! I appreciate that"
laughed, the girl as they began to saun
ter down toward the cliffs, "but have
you considered, Mr. Baxter, the proba
bility of my breaking the plate?"
"What! An angler, too? I shall
not humor the weakness in you, still,
if you are a summer girl, as your own
confession would indicate "
"Pardon me, Mr. Baxter, "you know
I like the assertion better when you let
me make it"
"Of course. Observe that I advance
no statements on the subject myself. Ii
THE DOCTOR LIKED THAT PHO
TOGRAPH. was merely going to say that if you are
a summer girl of the approved, newspaper-joke
sort, your likeness upon
the plate could not fail to produce the
effect that it has upon er men's
hearts, to wit complete fracture."
"Why, I am surprised at you," said
Grace, a faint blush hardly perceptible
under the healthy tan which she had
found no difficulty in acquiring at
H. Parker studied her face in its
mock severity and watched the dainty
little'" hand go up to push back some
annoying hair that blew across her
eyes. A great wave of admiration for
that noble girl rose up in his breast
admiration very unlike that with
which he had heard his brilliant class
mates proclaim their knowledge. His
heart told him, "I love her." Why not
let his heart be heard?
They strolled along together to the
music of the sea. H. Parker felt that'
there was melody even in the scream
ing of the gulls overhead. He won
dered why it had never seemed so be
fore. "Let us sit up there under the big
rock," suggested Grace, pointing to the
nearest of the cliffs which leaned for
ward over the sand and made a cosy
shelter from the sun. Here the sand
was cool, the glare softened and the
view of cheap cottages and decrepit
bath houses cut off, while the whole
stretch of beach on the right lay be
fore them like a broad white highway.
Grace sat with her back against the
rock, and at her side reclined the doc
tor, full length upon the sand.
"Are you ever serious. Miss Mars
ton?" quoth he with but a trace of
that quality in his own tone.
"On what rare occasions would it be
possible for one to find you in that
""Oh, well, I'm not naturally so, you
know, but once in a while when some
thing goes wrong to induce it I get
very serious even blue and as I al
ways end by finding out what a silly,
useless creature I am, there is very lit
tle enjoyment in being serious. Please
let's not be serious, Mr. Baxter."
"Never more light-minded In my
life, Miss Marston never. But tell me
how you deduct your conclusion which
proves you a silly, useless creature. I
an very clever at showing fallacies in
"Well, unless because I live a use
less life. Just look at my diary for a
winter. Just look it through and see
if you find anything, accomplished,
anything improving or worthy. Dances
calls teas, over and over again. Do
you call that sort of thing living? The
people I meet day by day there; do I
know them, are they friends, do they
know me? No, it's all vanity artifi
cial a waste of time."
Grace was serious enough now and
stared out to sea with a frown upon
her brows as dark as any that ever
A pause and her companion spoke.
"It may be vanity for some, but not
for you; 'Miss Marston. Society fur
nishes a field for superficial character
to breed and thrive In, but yours is
good and strong and sincere."
"I hare begun to forget and disre
gard what H naturally is. I am tired
of that life. I love the woods and
the sea the open air and the sease
of freedom; freedom to go where I
please, be as I want to be. choose com
panions that I like."
Then the view of cliffs and breakers
la piesstar than the brilliant ball
room with its music and lowers? That
cottage half buried in the pines seems
a truer home than many a brown stone
front on the avenue?"
"Ah, a thousand times," answered
Grace with the frown dying out of her
face. His words were slow and earn
est, but she seemed not to connect
them with the speaker. 'They put her
into a brown study and she fell to ex
amining a handful of sand for garnets.
Watching the search, he continued
even more quietly than before.
"Would there be happiness for yo
in a little home such as that cottage,
far from town, with all its parties and
things, where you would be with real
people, where you would be loved and
served by real friends?"
Closer scrutiny of the sand.
"Would you give up that luxurious
life that you have followed for this, '
and for a fellow whose every energy
would be turned to your happiness
such a fellow, In fact, as I?"
The sand slipped away, and the gar
nets were lost
"Oh, Grace, Grace, would you could
Ding, dong ding, dong ding, dong;
H. Parker Baxter awoke with a great
start and looked around astonished. He
had seen the New Year come in August
NEW YEAR'S DAY IN KITCHEN.
Cook will probably have her New
Year's callers, and if you are wise you
will close eyes and ears for the nonce,
nor investigate too closely the contents
of dish or demijohn. For her friends
are hale and hearty, with old fashioned
ideas on the subject of hospitality aneV
an aversion to such foolish fripperies
as tea or coffee!
If you have a few flowers or ribbons
that you do not need, they will be well
bestowed upon her, and will add to her
attractiveness as she sits in state be
hind a well filled table in her kitchen
presiding over some such scene as
"Mary, there's the basement bell.
G'wan now an' open the dure."
The kitchenmaid does so, and re
ports: "It's Mr. Duffy."
"Arrah! come right in, Mr. Duffy.
It's th' first ye are, an' good luck to
"Good luck to you. Miss Kelly.
Shure it's a fine night God be
"A win! Sit down."
Duffy does so, and stares around in
"An' are ye makin' many calls, Mr.
"This is the first. Shure I didn't
lave1 the dumps till sivin."
'True for you. An'pwhat will you
have to drink? There's sherry wine
an' port wine, an' claret wine an' some
Mr. Duffy's dull eye brightens.
"I'll take a little of th' ould stuff,"
he says with a grin.
He takes it, but not a little.
"Will yez have some cake or a sand
wich?" "Have yez arrah a corn bafe san'
wich in th' house?"
"Shure I have! Take two of thim."
He does so, and munches till the bell
The maid announces "Mr. Geo
hogan." Duffy rises with some show of per
turbation. "I think I'll be goin'."
"Arrah don't hurry. Ye know Mr.
"I know no good av him."
"Arrah, phat talk have you more?"
Duffy moves to the door as the new-
FOINE NIGHT, GOD BE PRAISED,
eomer enters, and the two men nod to
each other in a surly fashion.
"Good night," says Duffy.
Cook follows him to the door, and
her sibilant whisper can be heard
"Why don't you like him, Mr.
"Shure he's a scab! An', besides,
he's from Tyrone. I niver give a coun
ty Tyrone man more than th' tip av me
And the basement door clangs be
Mr. Geohogan partakes freely of re
freshment and is proposing marriage
when a new batch of callers arrive.
"Givan wid you now," says Cook,
pleased and flustered, "an' come back
whin your sober tomorrow. Here cornea
From this time on the room becomes
a rendezvous for Cook's many ac
quaintances. The policemrs looks in the door to.
exchange his good wishes for "bite and
sup," the grocery clerk drops in, the
ice man calls, and as the new year Is
ushered in with belb and soags and
horns and shouts. Cook's guests are
there, to aid la the "send oflV-New
i' i .