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The Smoky Hill and Republican union. (Junction City, Kan.) 1861-1864, December 05, 1861, Image 1

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THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN U
;.
- ,'fr-
..".WE JOIN OURSELVES TO f NO .PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC. OF THE UNION."
'V
M
Gr. "W. Kingsiry.
JTjisfCpCTC ti)A.VTS CO., jLAlSffeAS, THURSDAY, DEO. 5, 1861.
Vol. X.-jSTo. I'
JAvrll
!
1
tlIanJrluVnSImon,
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delivery.
THE DEATH WARRANT.
Anthony Martel was a brave young sold-
ier as ever bore arms on the battle-field.
ne was an almost universal favorite in his
regiment. He loved his country, and ar
maiden, Cadelinc, who was considered the
prettiest in Visselle, and many were the
hearts that heat with love and joy when the
fair Cadeline turned her beautiful eyes up
on them, and returned their salutations
with a winning smile. There was not a
bravo soldier in tno whole regiment, but
would have been proud to shed his last drop
'of blood to resent an insult to the bright
lstar of Visselle. Many were they who;
Worshipped at her shrine, but theie was on
ly one tbafc received any return to his pas
sion, anJ he wa3 tho gallant Anthony
Martcl.
The Colonel of the regiment to which
', . ,!plnr$bMng
lie belonged, was a man of violent passion,
insolent and overbearing in the extreme to
his suboidinatcs j and was as univeisally
hated as Mattel was loved.
On several occasions he had made infam
ous proposals to Cadeline, which she had
resented with scorn, but still he became im
portunate, until finding himself baffled in
all his endeavors, he determined to adopt a
new proceduic, hoping to be more success
ful in his designs. Accordingly he called
on, Cadeline when sec was alone, and made
an apologv for his former rudeness, and
asked her foigivoncss, which was icadily
v gicn, presuming that he would trouble hei
no farther, but in this she was disappointed;
for he immediately made new oveitures ol
love to her, promising if she- would listen
to his suit he would load her with prcscuts,
and also make her his lawful bride. But
all these flattering inducements bad no cf
feet upon her, for she was ti uc to her first
love.
" " Consider, Cadeline, my rank and sta
tion, and then your position would be high
er than tho proudest lady in our Milage ;
besides, you shall have the attendants and
all the luxuiy and lefiuement that wealth
can furnish."
"Ah, Colonel Lavillier, what would all
those gifts be without the heart?" said
Cadelinc.
" Yor would soon learn to love me' said
the Colonel.
"No, Colonel, we can never love but
onco."
" Then why not love me."
" Because I already love another'
" Iudccd my fair charmer." said the Col
onel ironically, " may 1 be permitted to
know tho name of the gallant V
"Anthony Martcl' was the innocent
reply.
" What a common soldier a hireling for
a rival ! My Heaven !" he exclaimed in a
terrible passion, "unless you iustantly ac
cept my suit, aud reject the beggarly churl,
I will have him shot like a dog for audac
'. ious presumption, and I will give you but a
v- moment to decide his fate."
" Oh, sir !" exclaimed Cadeline, " he is
guilty of no crime ; he has never injured
you."
" Has he not dared to supplant-n Colonel
in the French arniy, and he is only a sold
ier." "Nay, Colonel Lavillier, I loved him
ere I saw you lie is generous, noble aud
would injure no one'
"Do not lose time in idle words; con
sent fo be mine, or ere the morning sun has
risen, his heart shall cease to beat !"
'" Oh, Heavens ! spare him," said Cade
line in anguish.
"You plead in vain."
" Give me but a single day to decide."
"Not an hour."
At this moment a majestic form cast its
shadow in the outer doorway, but it was ob
served by neither of the persons within the
room, so absorbed were they in their own
affairs. Stepping aside so as to be unseen,
the stranger remained a spectator of all.
" I implore you to let me speak, to An
thony before I give you an answer."
" Not a word to hinv; therefore instantly
consent to tccome my wife or sigu the
;;notT. mnmnf. nf Martel."
r"J u Tniini-in monster ! I would rather
die a 'thousand deaths than be your Trife ;
even if you were ine prouu u .
-KVr.-r. Anthonv fears not death, andhe
would rather give away his life thannhave
me prove false to him'
" Mad girl I you are in my powjerj and I
will use you as I please, since you have so
insultingly spoken,"
" Never !"
" Dare you defy me to my face ? Thus,
then, let me prove my words by snatching
a breath of the sweet fragrance of your
scornful lips."
And clasping his arms around the form
of Cadeline, Lavillier endeavored to put his
threat into execution.
" Help, mercy !" exclaimed she.
At this moment the report of a pistol in
the bauds of the stranger we have before
mentioned, was heard, amd tho bullet shat
tered the arm of the aggressor, rendering
him powerless. But whence the shot came
both were unable to tell, for no sooner was
the weapon discharged than tho deliverer
disappeared, and Anthony Martcl rushed
into the room by another door. Observing
the wild appearance of Cadeline, breaking
from tho arms of the Colonel, in an instant
he divined the whole, and with a powerful
blow he laid the intruder at his feet.
By this time, the report of firearms had
brought a detachment of soldiers to the
spot, who, on entering the room, were im
mediately ordered to arrest Anthony, lor at
tempting to murder his supoiior officer.
In vain Cadeline protested his innocence
they put him under strong guard.
Ou the following morning an unusual ac
tivity among the officers told that something
of more than ordinary importance was to
take place, as each one hastened to the
quarters of the commandant. Though a
court ma: tial is not a very unusual ihiug,
yet it is sufficiently rare to attract great at
tention in a camp.
Soon the quick roll of the drum told
that the court had convened, and was ready
to try a criminal. Within a spacious tent
were gathered a large number of officers in
full uniform. Seated on a raised platform
was Gen. Lovick. actinc as the iudire. An
other roll of the drum announced the pris
oner. " Of what is this man charged ?" asked
the judge.
" For attempting to destroy the life of
his superior officer, Colonel Lavillier,' said
the advocate.
And where is the accuser?' continued
the court.
' IIcic, may it please your excellency,'
replied the Colonel, whoso arm was done
up in a sling.
' How came Maitel to attempt your
life V
1 1 know not,' said Lavillier.
' What piovoked the insult?'
' A conversation with a young girl with
whom the prisoner is acquainted
Is that all V
' It is, your excellency
After a shoit conversation with the other
ollicei s, the Judge tutiied to the prisoner
and thus addressed him :
' Anthony Martel, you have been found
guilty of au attempt to murder a superior
officer of the French Armv, the punish
ment of which is death. What have you
to say that you should not suffer the ex
treme penalty of tho law which you have
offended V
Martel, who stood a3 though unconscious
till now, raised his manly, form ; he bent
his 030 scarchingly upon the Colonel, and
said in a firm voice :
' Your excellency, I am aware that any
indication which I may make, will be of
no avail, but, being permitted, I will spoak
the truth, that my fellow soldiers may
know that I die innocent of the charge
brought up agaiDst me. I did not fire up
on Colonel Laullier, and had no weapon
when ai rested. At the moment I entered
the dwelling of Cadeline, I found her strug
cn in his arms. I stopped not to inquire
his rank, but struck him with my doubled
Sat to the floor. This is all I have done,
and had it been the Emperor himself in his.
palace, I would have done likewise. For
the duty of the true soldier is to protect the
innocent and defenceless. I am willing to
Jic but my death will not go unavenged,
for the grass will not have covered my
navc before my comrades shall have found
The heart of my murderer,' for there is not
one 'that will shrink when tho hour comes.
I am ready pass your sentence
Martel, your language docs not become
a man who is on the threshold of eternity
' Truth becomes a man at all times,' re
plied Anthony.
Col. Lavillier, during the timo the pris
oner was speaking, seemed greatly excited,
and turned pale; he knew that Martel was
a great favorite in the regiment, and he
knew that his own life was in danger.
' Anthony Martel,' said tho Judge, ' the
sentence of the court is, that you die to
morrow at sun-rise, and that you be shot by
twelve of your-comrades
A"ain the roll of the drum told that the
case had been decided, and they were about
to conduct the prisoner to bis quarters,
when a young girl rushed past the guard in
to the tent, and prostrating herself at the
feet of the presiding officers, exclaimed.:
'He is' innocent! spare him 1 be did ,not
shoot Col. Lavillier
As the tears flowed down her beautiful
face, every heart Tras touched with pity
save one. He stood "unmoved by her ap
plications. The Judge informed her thai itj
was impossible for mm to alter tne,senience,
or me court, and that tne. only nope jnai
wnc ott "ho ? ? fz-vl T.Qtlliaf tartirt vu
vthe injured party, who bad power to airoWj&en'S
for bis pardon or recommend himto iuKj. 'fleer in'the gnaa'umjfvid now ttte MM-
In vain! Cadeline pleaded with him; he
was inexorable, and shejvas,tyorne senseless
from the tent.
On the following morning, a little before
sunrise, some soldiers were busily engaged
in placing red flags at short intervals on a
beautiful plain not far from the camp. No
sooner had this been accomplished than the
spund of a muffled drum and a band play
ing the dead march was heard. A 4compa
ny of soldiers drew near, accompanied by a
large number of officers, who came to wit
ness tho punishment of death. Anthony
Martel was walking with a firm step to
meet his doom ! Arriving at the spot des
ignated for him to die, he was calm and un
moved at the approaching crisis. Twelve
of his fellow-soldiers -were brought into
line. Every movement showed their un
willingness to perform tho odious duty
which had been assigned to them.
All being arrauged, the commandant
walked up to Martel, and taking him by
the hand he shook it warmly: Ridding
him farewell, he gave him permission to ad
dress his companions in arms. This mark
of kindness moved the condemned man, and
a tear staited to his eye; but luckily, re
gaining bis composure, he addressed those
who were about to lay him low in death.
'.Comrades, I have come here to die like a
man and a soldier ; I am guilt of no crime;
I have never dishonored my country or my
regiment; I have fought by your side in
the thickest of the battle, when the guns
of the enemy poured hot lead into our ranks
and swept our brave countrymen like chaff
before the whirlwind. But you can all af
firm that I did not quail or falter when the
grim monster stared me in the face. And
should I tremble now when I am to die by
tho hands of my beloved comrades ? No !
I consider it as an honor, and the last sound
that will ever greet my ears will be the glo
rious dying music of your own true guns as
I fall. I know that you will not suffer my
ashes to remain unavenged. Let not your
hands tremble, but with a firm, steady aim,
level your pieces at my breast, when I give
the word fire, for I would have the mark of
every man, if you love me. Comrades,
farewell, and may we all meet -where the
warrior rests from his battles and his victo
ries.' The soldiers brought their pieces to their
shoulders, but 'stopped suddenly as the
frantic Cadeline rushed into the arms of
her lover.
' Oh, Anthony I Anthony ! you must
not die ; Colonel Lavillier will have mercyj
he cannot be 60 ctuel as to mulder you.'
' Cadeline, there is no hope. I am pre
pared to die, but this meeting unnerves me.
I could have wished you had been spared
thi3 scene, but calm yourself and do not
weep when I am gone. You will not want
for defenders, for my regiment will go haid
with him who dates to offer an insult, Cad
eline, be his rank what it may
'Commandant,' said Colonel Lavillier in
an impatient tone, ' it is past the time ord
ered for the execution ; separate them, and
perform your duty , ,
With great difficulty Cadeline was torn
from tho embrace of Martel.
The Trord ready was given' and quickly
followed by thVsegond command aim, and
the third and last fatal word, fire, was on
t)ic lips of the commandant, when a stern
voice from a person who stood a short dis
tance apart, closely muffled up, gave the
command to recover arms.
So sudden was the order, that every eye
wa3 turned to the "person who had thus
dared unceremoniously to countermand an
order on so important an occasion.
' Order that man under arrest said Col,
Lavillier.
As the person approached rapidly to
where ho stood, throwing the cloak from
his face, the astonished officer beheld iu
him Field Officer McDonald.
' Will Col. Lavillier inform me for what
crime the culprit suffers ?'
' For an attempt on my life with a pis
tol,' was the answer.
' Are you sure he is the guilty one V
res
' Wiil you not pardon him V
' It has been decided by court martial
that be. shall die
'Slill you have tho same power to pardon
him
' I decline all interference in the course
of justice,' said ho.
' I do not,' said McDonald, ' therefore 1
stop the execution. Anthony Martel is not
nuiltv
4 May t ask your excellency who is the
guilty one, asuea ijavinier wun an uneasy
air.
' I am,' said McDonald.
' Will you please to explain to mo this
mystery V
1 1 will. Having business of import
ance with you on the evening of the assault,
I called at your headquarters, and louad
vou not On enquiry I learned the direc
tion you had taken, and followed in pur
suit. Finding that you had entered Cade
line's cottace, I arrived just in timo to be
an unobserved witness of your villainy, and
the ball, which only' shattered your arm,
wns fired bv me, anf had it not been for
endangering Ihe life of the girl, it should
have reached your ncarc. uol. Martel, l
greet you in behalf o your Emperor, to
whom 1 nave -reiaieji your , case, ana wno
has been pleased, to 'confer this iitleandj
. - i. nr t tii: . ai
I honor , UDOU VOU. jQ
CoL JLavilher.r your
tel's place, and receive the guns that, a mo
ment since, were aimed at the -breast of an
innocent man 1'
Every heart beat with joy. at this'sudden
change. Poor Lavillier, trembling with
fear and shame, was led to the red flag.
Again the fearful orders were given, but the
heart of the culprit sank within him, and
he implored for mercy.
illow can you ask for that which but a
few moments since you refused an innocent
manr
I own mv fault,' was the reply.
'Then I refer you to Col. Martel, who
has full power to pardon you or not, as he
thiuk3 proper,1 said MacDonald.
' Col. Martcl,' said the disgraced officer,
' dare Ipiopc for mercy V
I grant you a full and unconditional par
don. You are at liberty,' was tho willing
reply of Martel, ' aud do not forget to show
mercy that-you may receive the same
By this time Cadeline heard the gladsome
tidings, which spread rapidly through the
camp, and hastily returning, she was in his
warm embrace. That day was a glorious
day to the regiment, and there was a grand
celebration given in honor of Field Mar
shal MacDonald and Col. Martel.
In the course of a few weeks after this
event, the "church at Visselle overflowed
with those who assembled to witness the
nuptials of Martel and his lovely bride,
Cadeline Dupee. And many were the lit
tle presents and keepsakes that the happy
pair received from the regiment, who loved
their brave and generous commander
dberal fpstelktjr.
Neglect of tho Elective Franchise.
If an intelligent foreigner were told that
an election was pending in the greatest of
the States of the Union, in these times of
our national perils, for officers whose voico
would bo potential in the affairs of the
State, and for a Legislature which would
dotennine the relations of the Common
wealth to the National Government if he
should learn, moreover, that ouo set of
candidates represented the unconditional
loyalty of tho electors as above and beyond
every other political consideration, and that
the other set of candidates embodied the
idea that a party organization is to be
maintained at all hazards to the Union, and
that a distinguished and representative
supporter of these latter candidates had
publicly staled a contingency in which the
liepublic should be suffered to dissolve into
fragments such au outside obsoryer would
anticipate that the electors, glowing with
patriotic ardor, would demonstrate their
devotion to tho Union, if not by noisy
proclamations, by the slill small voice of
the ballot-box. He would supposo that
the deep sense of the value of our institu
tions would call out every citizen : that
those unfamiliar with the polls would be
zealous and persistent in endeavoring to
give decided and unanimous expression to
the love of country which burns within all
breasts.
Wore the foreign observer whom we
have supposed, to be told on the contrary,
this election, conducted in the presence of
the Rebellion, and having no little bearing
on the relations of this great State to the
Rebellion and to the Government, excited
loss interest than any that had occurred for
years: that many men heretofore active
remained wholly aloof from the polls ; that
in the cities and villages, and indeed gen
erally, the most wealthy and the best edu
cated, and those who most aspire to direct
the popular mind, hardly remembered it
was election day, and kept as far away from
the ballot-box as if it were the box of Pan
dora ; were he to know the most effective
woikers in controlling votes were aspirants
for petty local offices, and persons of le3s
than the average education and social posi
tion could be form a very high idea of the
patriotism of our citizens, or predict a very
bright future for free institutions dependent
upon the fidelity and strength of tho people
of New York? - .
Is it now more than ever, a sad thing to
perceive how the elective franchise is neg
lected. That cur institutions are threat
ened with subversions ; that the national
existence is imperiled ; that cvsrything dear
and honorable to a people is in danger of
being snatched away from us, are facts not
controverted. That the election just closed
has a direct and important bearing in
strengthening the Government or in cu
couraging the Rebellion, both parties have
truly insisted. Yet a very great 'class of
our population and it is no derogation of
others to say, the best classes, too the
most intelligent and the most substautial
have by their acts pronounced it no con
cern of theirs, have not given it the atten
tion they would bestow upon a town fair,
a balloon ascension, or a common visit of
social formality.
Is this a dry tot eating out the heart of
our liberty, preparing us for submission to
whomsoever is bold enough to put his foot
upon our neck? There i3 certainly a point
beyond which this neglect of the elective.
franchise can not go, without overturning
our whole system of government. It is an
abdication of political power in favor of
those who choose to exercise it. It does
not4, give us an aristocracy, Daa tis mat
fwould be.J Itliands the reins of authority
over to tbe idlest' and tho noisiest and the
most vicious. It is a question how much
farther we may qo in this direction without
utter shipwreck. The evil- is calculated to
alarm every one who, observing facts, looks
to their consequences. The neglect of one
elector impels another to neglect to vote ;
so the evil grows. Whether it L to spread
till the vitality of our liberty is destroyed,
or whether our citizens will at some time be
aroused fo their responsibilities, does not
uow seem clear. Fetr whispers the for
mer; hope insists that the latter vill be the
cnse.: Ifcw Tbrk aj)er.
The Contraband Element.
A reporter rolates the following incident
of the captureof Port lioyal :
As soon as the negro olat-es observed us
coming on shore they flocked along the
banks in great numbers, some bearing par
cels anu uunuies as u expecting us to lauu
them at once ton home of freedom. Every
variety of negro and slave was represented.
I say negro and slave, for it is a melan
choly fact that some slaves are apparently
as white as their masters, and as intelli
gent. Darkies of genuine Congo physiques,
and darkies of the genuine Uncle Tom
pattern, darkies young and jubilant, darkies
middle-aged and eager, and gray-haired
solemn-looking fellows. Some appeared
mystified, some intelligent. The quadroon
and tho octoroon, possessing an undiatin
guishablo tint of negro blood mingled ono
drop with seven of southern nativity and
ancient family, formed, to speak mildly,
an interesting scene.
As fast as the contraband article came
within reach, it was placed iu tha guard
house, an old frame building behind Fort
Walker. Here quite a collection was made.
They were huddling together half iu fear
and half in hope, when a naval officer of
the Beinvllle looked in upon them asking,
' Well, well, what arc you all about ?'
' Dat is jest what we would like to find
out, mas'r,' was the response.
The officer assured them that they would
be kindly taken care of, and perhaps found
something to do, and need not be alarmed.
'Tank God for dat, mar's,' was tho reply.
On drawing them into conversation: they
said that they caught a great deal of fish in
Port Royal harbor, fishing at night, after
the plantation work, was done. Two slaves
were found reconnoitering about on their
own account, and on being brought into
camp, explained that they belonged to Mrs.
Pinckney of Charleston, and came down to
1 see what de white people were all about
They said that the white people all ran
when tho ships came up, crying, 'Great
God ! Great God ! Great God ! the Yan
kees are coming; fiic the boats Other
slaves reported that ' when dc white folks
see the little boats coming up, dcy laffed at
dem, but when dey see de big checker
sided vessels coming, doy laffed an de oder
side der moufs
The London Times 5h C iier-f McGlcllan.
The following is from a rcceut editorial
in tho London Times:
It is said now that among the political
people, as well as in the mercantile world,
there is a great anxiety for another battle.
General McClellon is urged almost as much
General Scott was three months before. To
do the General justice, he is indefatigable
in his efforts to avoid anothor Bull Run.
Our correspondent details tho reviews and
inspections which take place, and makes
one estimate highly the personal qualities
of the commander. It is his duty to achieve
a great work, for which he has plentiful
materials, lacking only time to fashion
them. These American recruits, with their
strength of body, their intelligence, and the
docility which they have, on the whole,
displayed, arc men whom Napoleon would
have been glad to have under his orders,
but whom Napoleon could not make into
soldiers in three months without officers to
help him, and with the gloom of a late
defeat to depress the soldier's spirits. By
incessant exertions, however, this vast mass
has received something like organization.
It shows fairly on parade, and may possibly
go through some of the duties of actual
warfare creditably enough. But military
men know, and even the American public
seems too feel, that it is not yet an army.
Tho material of war it possesses in abun
dance; the artillery seems to bo excellent, j
and a lavish expenditure nas pro'.uicu tents
and clothing, which are probably far supe
rior to those of the enemy.
After tiie Traitors. Wo ore happy
to sec that the loyal citizens of Kentucky
are in chase of the traitors. The grand ju
ry in session at Frankfort, Kentucky, ad
journed on the 13th inst., having fouud in
dictments for treason against thirty
two prominent citizens, among wEoin may
be mentioned Robert J. Breckinridge jr.,
John C. Breckinridge, Humphrey Marshall
Benjamin Desha and Ilcnry T. Hawkins.
Nineteen persons were also indicted for
high" misdemeanor.
tSTRcv. W..S. Balcb, of Ludlow, has
introduced a bill into the Vermont Legisla
ture which confiscates all intoxicating liq
uors brought into the State of Termont.
All packages of liquors found in- the hands
of railroad corporations, or other common
carriers, are to be seized by the govern
ment. If pure, it goes to town agents, if
impure, it is destroyed This istne, most
stringent prohibitory la erer introduced
and there is Vprospect of its'-being pasecdV
Scon's Opinion of Northern. Soldiers.
The bravery of Southern-soldiers is
to bj questioned on every field where "'
have been called upon to "defend our v .
try's honor, they have added lustre to
American name; but there ate radical C
fv.rcnces between the Northern and S r
em soldier, which were very well
lustrated by' Gen, Scott, in a recent couv
sation with the writer. Wc incidents,
mentioned that the prevailing South
idea was, that the Yankees were cewar
and that one Southern man was phys'ct!
equal to at least five Northern men, '
which the old hero replied, that iu tl
course of his long military career, he hw
seen much of both Northern and aoutnc
soldiers, that he knew them wel1, and u
derstood thsir relative value that t
OJlIlhctn .3l'!'ilcr vrac vr-ro imp ;- ?
pctuous and reckless; and that the-o qur
ties enabled them to make a splendid churs
and so long as the tide of battle wis in th
i'tvor'tbey kepf up their impetuosity, ur
they were exhausted, which wouid ?.
happcu. But when they were repui- '
and the tide set against them, all their r
vous energy disappeared, and retreat or
ic rouId necessarily occur. The North
soldier, he said, was equally brave, but
was a higher order of bravery they w
cool, calculating, idouutable, steadfast, ci
getic and enduring, and to all this th y
ded a great amount of individual intc
gence and self respect ; and when upon '
battle, field their reverses only nerved th
arms for increased effort, and that, take th
all together, the Northern Soldiers iw '
!est in the World.
Soldiers Murdered at EicLmond.
By two or three arrivals from Richmc
the public have received accounts of Uu
prisoners being shot for the grave eff.
of looking out of their prison winJc
These reports are confirmed by the 11:
mond papers, so far, at least, as one of tl
is concerned, and we suspect the half
not been told. The Richmond Jnqui.
gives tho following brutal and heart
account of one these cowardly murders, t
victim bciug a New York soldier:
A Yankee prisoner, named N. C. B
a member of the 79th New York Regini
confined in the lower prisoner, near R
ctt's, was shot and instantly killed, a
one o'clock on Saturday morning, by u
the sentinels who kept watch over
building. The latter observing the
kec to approach the window in a susj
manner, as if contemplating an c
ordered him away several timci. T
repeated commands, the prisoner rr'
an insolent and defiant refusul, a I
sentinel finally levelled his mus t
fired. The ball struck the Lincolnn .
stomach, inflicting a terrible wouc i
terminated his life in a very few m -The
sentinel has not ouiy been oxen -from
all blamo iu the matter, but I.
ceived the appiauso of the proper u
authorities for the prompt and
conduct in carrying out bis inst
The unfortunate Yankee was buric J. .. .
the evening in the burial ground
foot of Third stiect, set apait for t -la
ment of the Federals who may sLu".
thoit motal coil iu this locality.
Trora the Special of tho London Tia.
Russell, the John Bull concspO'iL?i
last begins to get through his rt'1 r
pervious skull some idea of the ob
m?aning of the present war. He r
The idea of the Union i?, in p!: .
Iish, the idea of one sola dominan'
on the icholc Continent of Iscrth A
And if I were a notice of tit' t
State ofJS'orth America, I woxdd j- '
that idea. The contrary noii-n
spread rapidly if the South to
Already we hear a Gulf- Repabh ,
Texan Confederation spoken of; 1,"
thore was talk of a party in C a
anxious for a separate national cxi'
that S:ate, which will probably i'i -it
is found that the United States c
it no more of the national property n.
enprefses and postal expenses. A r
there arc hint3 that in the fuliuefa uf
the States in the West and Northwt
think it expedient .to form a IU-pu u
their own, inasmuch as they haa i,
ticular interests in common with ti.
States, and derive no special adv-;."
from being governed at Washiugtoii,
E$, Tho Washington corrcspou !
tho Philadelphia Frcss says : " 1 '
stand that Mr. Buchanan does n t -the
fact that he is preparing lo h
thundcrbolt npon the country, eith-n
or after h3 death, in tho shape of a
of h:S own time and a vindicate'
Administration. In this great w vt'
assisted by ex-Attorney General Bia
spends most of hi3 time in fhia cr
his late private secretary, Adam J
brenner. Roth of these personage
paid a recent visit to Whcathinf
31 r. Glossbrenner is the more a""
lector and compiler of the materiais f
forthcoming IrocJiurc."
1 m
3S?-The Hudson Gazette izils J :
four year old girl, who, while repost
catechism at her mother's kneej-tp-
answer to the question," WMtfdid
create?" '-'The Earth, tho-SanthM.
the Stars and the Stripes'!" "
A'
4
3V jr
rgr
t----cftj.-ja'nw5S!" " ii3 m

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