Newspaper Page Text
THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN UNION
"WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY TIIAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG-, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION."
13y G. "W. Kingsbury.
JUNCTION, DAnS CO., KAJSTSA.S, THXmSIXA.Y, DEC. 26, 1861.
"Vol. I.-jSTo. 14.
Smohj fill mfogrpub'n Virion,
PUBLISHED r.VEUV THURSDAY MOKXIXG BY
3-. "W. KXNXBBTJRY,
AT JUNCTION CITY, DAVIS CO., KANSAS.
OFFICE OX JEFFERSON- St. EE'X 7ti A- Stii
TLKMS OF SL'BmCBIPTIOS
One copv, one year,
Ten coj)ies, one year,
Payment required in all cases in advance.
All papers discontinued at the expiration of the
time for which payment is received.
tep.ms or advertising:
One square, first insertion, - - - $1.00
Each subsequent insertion, - - - .")0
Ten lines or less being a square.
Yearly advertisements iiioerted on liberal terms.
done -with dispatch, and in the latest style of
03" Payment required for all Job "Work on
It is not pleasant to admit that the
world is getting worse instead of better, or
that an' reprehensible habit is becoming
more prevalent than cemmon. Especially
in a Christian land, and under the influ
ence of the purer religion of which Aincri
cans are somewhat inclined to boast, one
might look fur a higher style of morals
and a more uniform outward regard for
sacred things. But the world's standard
is lower than it used to be when wc were
less cnlightcnc I. The catalogue of mortal
sins and of venial offences have changed
heir propoitions as we have grown in wis
dom. So long as wc desire to maintain a
respectable social position, wc arc called
upon to abstain from murder, except it be
done according to the code ; aud theft and
lying are acknowledged to be offenses
against socictj'. The decalogue has dwin
dled down to these narrow limits, and in
the place of the comprchensne law that
applied to all relations and liicumstances
of life, public opinion has established an
other code, stringent enough, it may be,
hut which only affects to regulate actions
that have no moral quality whatever.
To discuss the eubpet of profane swear
ing; even upon this low ground, it would
be difficult to show how the practice is
profitable to the swearer. If it is import
ant that an excited individual should get
''off extra steam b- the agency of such safety
valves, why would not sonic more innocent
expletive answer as well as an oath? Or,
ifnothinir else will do in the moment of
strong excitctrcnt, how does ft pay to toss
about the namo that is above all other
names in otdiuary conversation fo ploy
with the royal titles of the Kiir of Kings
as though lie were some idle divinity ?
If there is profit in the pi actio., we have
never been able to find it out.
There arc great numbers of men in the
world who are weak enough to abhor pro
fanity, and to shun the society of the ehiv
alrous gentlemen who cannot utter a sen
tence without one or more blasphemies in
it. If the influence of these squeamish
individuals should ever happen to be ne
cessary to the habitual swearer, he is toler
ably certain to go without it. If the good
opinion of the moralist has any aluc, it is
great folly to throw it away for the sake
of a niomentarj' gratification. Very young
men swear because they desire to look
manly and important, and in our day the
quantity and quality of the blasphemies arc
generally in inverse proportion to the age
of the swearer. There U some show of
reason about this, but the matured man
must find a better excuse. We wear beards
now-a-days, aud the hirsute adornments
lhat Dame ix'aturc famishes better proves
our manhood than any quantity of llippant
appeals to tho Deity can do.
TJio time was when one of the most
"infallible marks b- which the gentleman
was distinguished from the blackguard was
the total avoidance of profane expressions
on the part of the former. We know that
swearing was a fashionable vice with some
of our ancestors. The Court of the first
Charles was a vast manufactory of blas
phemies, and the gallant cavaliers of that
day swore by exact rule. But the tremen
dous fulminations which they had invented
in more peaceful times were of very little
use at Marston Moor and Naseby. And
the descendants of the men who were c
tors in these battles settled in America,
brought with them a stricter code of morals,
and the swearer was tabooed upon princi
ple. Whatever may be said about these
rare old worthies, they were certainly men
of purer lives than their degenerate succes
sors are apt to believe, and the power of
their example was felt through one or two
generations. A low fellow was expected to
call down curses upon his own head, and
he was an outcast because he swore, but no
gentleman was guilty of a practice that was
considered utterly degrading.
If there is no God of the Universe, it is
great nonsense.to swear by him, and to lug
in-his name to stregtben an argument or to
lish a sentence: and if there is One,
tinlr hnd KiiTireme. Botinir the fall of a
flmrrn. nnd heedine the slizhest words of
man some better foot-ball should be found
than His reverend name.
tuj&r Why is a muff like a fool ? Because
Jt-holds a ladyTSjhand without squeezing it.
BY THOMAS ECCIIAN'AN EEAD.
Our flag on our land and our flag on the ocean,
An angel of peace wheresoever it goes
Nobly sustained bT Columbia's devotion,
The angel of deatli it shall be to our foes !
True to its native clcy
Still shall our eagle tly,
Casting his sentinel glances afaV ;
Though beaiing the olive branch
Still in his talons staunch
Grasping the bolts of the thunders of war!
Hark to the sound ! there's a foe on our border
A foe striding on to the gulf of his doom ;
Freemen are rising and marching in order,
Leaving the plough and the anvil and loom.
Itust dims the harvest sheen
Of scythe and of sickle keen,
The axe sleeps in peace by the tree it would mar,
Veteran and youth are out
Swelling tliebattle shout,
Grasping the bolts of the thunders of war!
Our brave mountain eagles swoop from their aerie
Our lithe panthers leap from forest and plain ;
Out of the "West flash the flames of the prairie-
Out of the East roll the waves of the main.
Down from their Northern shores
Swift as Niagara pours
They march and their tread wakes the earth with
Under the Stripes and Shirs,
.Lion with tlie soul ot .Mars,
Grasping the bolts of the thunders of war!
Sjiito of the sword or assassin's stilletto,
While thrubs a heart in the breast of the brave,
The oak of the North or the Southern palmetto
Shall shelter no foe except hi his gr.ie!
"While the gulf billow breaks
Echoing the Northern lakes,
And ocean replies unto ocean afar,
Yield wc no inch of lmd
While there's a patriot hind
Grasping the bolts of the thunders of war!
H. W. Beccher's Thanksgiving Sermon.
II. Ward Becchcr preached a stirring
Thanksgiving sermon relating to the present
war and the state of the country. The fol
lowing is its closing portion. After dem
onstrating that England and France were
not in a position to interfere with us by rea
son of tho condition in which God had
providentially placed them England being
more in need or corn tuan cotton, anu
France having found it necessary to curtail
her army and expenses he closed by
" We have sealed 5,000 miles of coast ;
wc have shut the breathing holes: and now
we arc putting in the red hot torch of war
at the upper end, and in a short time I
think rebellion will be unearthed. God
has poured money in our lane1 ; God has
taken cotton away from England, and He
holds France in His right baud. Sweep
round the ling. Stand off spectators.
Now let this gigantic universe understand
t'.iat it is libel ty and God, slavery and tho
devil. No man put hand or foot into that
ring till they have taken battle unto death.
Amen. Even so, Lord God Almighty, it is
'1 Iiy decree, it is Thy purpose ; and when
the ictory shall come, not unto us, but in
the voice of Christ, ten thousand ransomed
ones mingle with all Thy children's glad
ness. Unto Thee be the praise and the
glory forever. Amen.
. a " .j
Redaction of Salaries, &c.
Hon. John Sherman, of Ohio, has a dis
position to reduce the civil expenses of the
Government, which he is urging upon Con
gress. It reduces the salaries of members
of Congress and all clerks attached to the
Government who have salaries above a cer
tain amount. If the bill passes it will save
tho Treasury the expenditure of millions.
But it is said the opposition to the measure
is very powerful. Members of Congress,
clerks, department and otherwise, are par
ticularly interested in retaining the old
salaiies. Mr. Sherman contends that the
ordinary expenses of -the Government must
be reduced. With little revenue cxdept
that received from direct taxation, it has
become necessary to greatly curtail the
national expenditures. By the exercise of
a judicious economy twentj'-fivc millions
can be saved from tho average expenses of
the Government as they were before the
rebellion broke out. This, of course, does
not include the extraordinary expenses
incident to the war. It is also believed that
the Secretary of the Treasury will recom
mend some such measure as imperatively
necessary. Let Mr. Sherman press his bill
with earnestness; he will find that when
tho ayes and nays are called, the people
will all respond " aye."
A bill has been introduced into the
House of Representatives by lion. F. A.
Conklin of New York, which provides :
1. A reduction of twenty-five per cent,
on all salaries, civil and military, amounting
to 10.000 a year and over, including mili
2. A similar reduction of twenty per
cent, where the salaries and emoluments
are over $5000 and under 10,000.
8. A similar reduction of fifteen per
cent, on compensations between 2000 and
4. The reduction of salaries of members
of Congress to 2000 per annum, subject tp
a forfeiture of 10 for each time that,
member does not answer to his name on a
call for the yeas and nays and the xeduction
of milage to ten cents a mile.
5. The absolute and total abolition of
the franking privilege,
C. The cessation of the system of appoint
ing supernumaty officials,' and the deduction
of the officials in all the departmeits of the
Government, to the number actallj requi
site for the proper transaction of business.
A legal wag calls his marriige'cer
" a writ of attain'd her.?' ''' ' -o - -
The petty annoyances of life are more
keenly felt than its most serious afflictions.
Out of apparant trifles spring difficulties
and sorrows which embroil families perma
ncntly and darken the whole future of indi
viduals. What one shall spend and for
what, seems a plain enough question, but
not one person in a hundred practically
gives a wise answer to it. The blunders
about it arc the source of enduring trouble.
They may not utterly ruin, but they keep
the victim in perpetual uneasiness. For
his household cods, the demon of unrest is
substituted. The most penetrating evils
spring from that error which flatters itself
that it is akin to generosity extravagance.
Expenditure, laish beyond one's means,
may render the table plump and bountiful,
may gratify taste in furniture and dress,
may foster hospitality, and wear the guise
of liberality ; but with one's own means it
is a mistake, when it trenches upon the re
sources of others it is sheer dishonesty. It
may be thoughtless, and it is then cupable;
it may be designed, and it is then criminal.
To him whose income is uncertain, it
may not be easy to fix the limit of expen
diture, except to confine it within his cer
tain income. For the mats of the people
whose income is determined, it would seem
the simplest of problems to apportion the
outlay ; but it is they who are most tortured
by the failure to do so. There are persons
who deliberately involve themselves in a
style of living beyond their fortunes, sap
ping the benevolence of friends and relatives
and defrauding their creditors. Such may
cover thtir offense within the safe limit of
the law, but they are morally banditti as
much as any that ever presented pistol to
the head of traveller. They may not ap
preciate their acts. Edmund About's
" King of the Mountains" did not conceive
his course of brigandage offensive to moral
ity ; and the secret of all crime is that its
perpetrator by his passion paints it in the
hues of virtue and makes it lovely to him
self. But in most instances extravagance
is not a deliberate purpose, but results often
either through yielding to taste or pride, or
through reckless disregard for the whole
Either of these cases, however, is much
rarer than is supposed. The person or the
family constantly bothered and constantly
discussing personal expenditure is cither
miserly or extravagant, Dickens represents
the spendthrift liichardin "Bleak House,"
always discoursing about saving ; it is a hit
true to nature. The extravagant will
scrimp where the prudent may bcgcnerouE,
and will give loose reins to expenditure
where tho prudent would be careful Lord
Bacon warns against expensive habits, for,
says he, they return upon themselves ; on
occasion he permits one to be lavish, where
the outlay breeds no others. The arb of
spending o as to secure the most comforts
and the most of elegancies for a given sum,
is a fine art, and a rare one, too. j In
New England, Mrs. Stowe says, a prompt
housekeeper is spoken of as having " fac
ulty" a natural gift in that direction. If
there are house hold gods, oue of them
should have charge of the domestic purse.
Since tho broad light of our generation has
dethroned those convenient divinities, we
must even try to take care of it for our
selves. Thoughtfulncss and common sense,
at constant work, and sincere conscientious
ness a very rare quality, by tho way
will make the general footings about right ;
though one must count upon accidental
errors, to lavishness on the one side, or
closeuess on the other, unless his income. is
so great as to remove the need for thought
on the subject.
The tendency of our social life is to dis
play, and the danger of the individual and
the family is extravagance. The meanness
of the miser must be constitutional, and so
iuborn as to be insensible to uebuke and in
capable of reformation. It is a bard lesson
to learn that liberality and generosity and
hospitality are not synonyms of prodigality;
and that prudent forethought and honesty
which in spending provides how to pay, are
farthest of all removed from selfishness
and meanness. He is selfish and mean who
for his own enjoyment or display is prodi
gal of the means of others. He only is
generous, who out of his own purse, or out
of his own savings, is liberal and hospita
ble. Somebody has suggested that the ter
rible war that disturbs the country is owing
to the wearing of hoops by the ladies.
Whatever evil is under consideration, the
fashion is to make it fhe scapegoat of all
others. Let the reader think of his own
annoyances growing out of blunders in priv
ate and domestic expenditure, and he will
judge for himself the need of new atten
tion to lur prosaic out essential art.
ra, Every farmer, to make his farm a
source of profit, should make it a source of
pride. Whatever portion of tho Ianos cul
tivated, should be well cultivated. The
point should be, not to have many, but rich
acres. The means whereby husbandry is
improved and facilitated -should be studied
and employed. By such careful attention,
.a continual pleasure will bo found in- agri-
cultual pursuits, which will highten the
rewards of good tillage.
The farmer, with no inheritance but
health, with, ntrichea but industry, and no
ambition, but ( virtue, is sole king., among
men,,andane oiiy aanantong Jungs. -.
THE SOUDEER'S ATfyriTRR.
By the low west window dreaming,
"V ith the lingering sunlight gleaming
Softly on her saintly brow
Of her boy to battle marching,
Heat and thirst tlie' loved lips parching,
Dreams she in the twilight now.
Yet with rapid fingers knitting,
In Hie ancient arm-chair sitting,
Musing of her soldier son
Raising in her thoughts of sorrow,
Wond'ring if upon the morrow
She can have the blue socks done.
Thinking of the soldiers steading
As she saw them on the landing.
Thinking how they sternly drill them
3ack and torth the needles going
From the socks, God only knowing,
If or not his feet shall 'fill them.
Eut a sound her quick ear greeting,
Starts her frightened heart to beating
With a troubled throb and sursje,
For she hears the church-bell tolling,
And tlie solemn muffled rolling
Of slow music like a dirge.
Heeds she not the stitches failing,
As with eager accents calling
Some one passing by the door,
All her wild forebodings masking,
And with lips unfalt'ring asking
Whom this mournful dirge is for?
But she strives her grief to smother,
'Tis not meet a soldier's mother
Thus should yield to sorrow vain.
Are there not a hundred others,
Stricken, desolated mothers,
Weeping for their brave one slain ?
For their country still are bleeding
Soldiers brave who will be needing
Warm, socks for their valiant feet
Feet which ne'er before the traitors,
Like the feet of some bold praters,
Beat a cowardly retreat.
Other days have waned to twilight
Since the eve when such sad heart blight
Came down on that lonely one ;
Yet beside the window sitting,
With her aged fingers knitting,
Dreams she still at set of sun.
On her brow a shadow resting,
And the sunset glory cresting
Like a crown the silver hair.
Back and forth the needles going,
Inch by inch the socks are growing,
And the tears her eyes o'erftowing
Are inwrought a ith silent prayer.
Could men see as see the angels,
These dumb socks, like sweet evangels,
Would a wond'rous talc unfold ;
Every stitch would tell its story,
And each scam would wear a glory
Fairer than refiner's gold.
It is not yet too late to prepare an ice
house, if you have not already done so, and
the advantages of ice in the dairy, and the
value of it for so many purposes, should be
an incentive to every family to avail them
selves of so cheap a luxury. We now give
a few plain directions for erecting a cheap
Stic A northern exposure should be
selected where convenient; if on a side
hill we think all the better.
Preparation TI12 ground should be pre
pared with some loose material like broken
stones or blocks of wood, say a foot deep,
which cover over with shavings or other
material that will not mix with the filling ;
over this make a plank floor this will give
amplo drainage from the ice in the house ;
then especial attention must bo given to
thorough drainage from the bottom.
Erection On this floor the building
must be erected consisting of a double row
of joist eight to ten inches apart framed
into or nailed to plates above. These joist
should be boarded up on the inside, (so
the boardings will face each other,) the
whole roofed over so as to shed all rain
quickly. This space between the joist
should be filled with the best non-conducting
substance at hand ; charcoal dust, tan
bark or saw dust will do. Tho opening
should always be on the north or west side,
and double doors should be made to com
pare with the partition, and both open out
wards, and never be opened below the top
of the ice in the house.
Filling Good, clean, bright straw should
he used. Spread thickly over the floor a
layer several inches thick. Cut the blocks
as large as possible and pack closely to
gether, leaving a few inches of space around
the whole, into which pack straw as the
house fills up ; when filled to the top cover
heavily with straw.
Ventilation There should be no bottom
ventilation at all; the space over the ice
under the roof should be ventilated by
lattice windows at tho ends, giving a free
circulation of air.
Talcing Out When wanted for use take
out what is wanted for the day early in the
morning; re-cover well with straw and
Putting Up This should be done in the
coldest weather, and it should be allowed
to lay exposed to the atmosphere several
hours before packing away, as it becomes
much colder than when lying on the sur
face of the water. It will keep much lon
ger than if- packed as soon as taken from
the water. In packing in the house, a
little water thrown over the layers will help
cement the mass and make it more imper
vious to air. -Prairie Farmer.
1, Another hideous massacre was, at
the denarture of the last West-African
mail, about to be perpetrated at Dahomy.
" The new vam season" was to be .celebra-
tei.by a "grand custom," at which two
thousand human beings were to be behead
ed! Ibe present king appear to enrpass
even.ms latnerin revolting cract.j
-Children are seWble of the subtest
THE DOMESTIC TYKAKT.
It is to me a thoroughly disgusting sight,
to see, as we sometimes do, the wife and
children of a family kept in constant terror
of the selfish bashaw at the head of the
house, and evor on the watch to yield in
every petty manner to his whims and fan
cies. Sometimes, where he is a hard
wrought and anxious man, whose hard work
earns his children's bread, and whose life is
the sole stay, it is needful that he should be
referred to in many thing, lest the over
tasked brain and over-strained nervous sys
toni should break down, or grow unequal to
the task. But I am not thinking of such
cases. I mean cases in which tho head .if
the family is a great, fat, bullying, seiGah
scoundrel, who devours sullenly the choice
dishes at dinner, and walks into all the
fruit or dessert, while his wife looks on in
silence, and the awe-stricken children dare
not hint that they would like a little of
what the brutal hound is devouring. 1
mean cases in which the contemptible dog is
extremely well dressed, while his wife and
children's attire is thin and bare ; in which
he liberally tosses about his money in the
billiard-room, and goos off in autumn for a
tour on tho continent by himself, leaving
them to tho joyless routine of their unva
ried life. It is sad to sec the hush that falls
upon the little things when he enters the
house how their sports arc cut short, an 1
they try to steal away from the room.
Would that I were the Emperor of Rus
sia, and such a man my subject. Should
not he taste the knout ? That would be
his suitable punishment; for he will never
feel what worthier mortals would regard as
tho heavier penalty by far, the utter ab
scense of confidence or real affection be
tween him and his children when they
grow up. He will not mind that there
never was a day when the toddling crea
tures sent up a shout of delight at his en
trance, and rushed at him, aud scaled him,
and searched his pockets, and pulled him
about; nor that the day will never come
when, growing into men and women, they
will come to him for F3'inpathy and guid
ance in their little trials and perplexities.
Oh ! woful to think that there are parents
held in general estimation, too to whom
their children would no more think of go
ing for kindly sympathy, than they would
think of going to Nova Zembla for warmth.
"Isn't it Worse for a Man?"
It is two years since I left off the use of
tobacco. I chewed only occasionally, but
I did enjoy my cigar. 1 prided raj-self on
my fine Havannas, and might have been
seen almost any morning with a cigar in
my mouth, walking down Lroadtray in a
most comfortable manner.
The way it happened that I left off the
use of the weed is this : I had a little soa
about six years of age. lie almost always
hurried to be ready to walk down with ras
as far as his school. His bright face and
extended hand were always welcoraa, aud
he bounded along beside nic chatting, as
only such dear little fellows can. The city
has in it many dirty, uncared-for boys,
whoso chief delight seem to be to pick up
discarded cigar-stumps and broken pipes,
and with their hands in their pockets puff
away in a very inelegant manner.
One morning it seemed as if little Edgar
and I met a great many of these juvenile
smokers. I became very much disgusted,
and pointed them out to little Edgar as an
awful warning of youthful delinquency,
talked quite largely, and said tho City
authorities ought to interfere and break it
A little voice, soft and musical, came up
to me as I gave an extra puff from my
superb Havanna. A bright little face was
upturned, and the words " Isn't it worse
for a man, father ?" camo to my ears. I
looked down on tho little fellow at my side,
when his timid eye fell, and the color
mounted his cheek, as if he feared he had
said something bold and unfitting.
" Do you think it is worse for a man,
Edgar?" I asked.
"Please, father, boys wouldn't want to
smoke and chew tobacco if men didn't
Here was the answer. I threw away my
cicar, and have never touched tobacco since.
THE SIMPLE SECRET.
Twenty clerks in a store ; twenty hands
in a printing office ; twenty apprentices in
a ship-yard; twenty youug men in a vil
lage aH Want to get on in the world, and
expect to do 'so. One of the clerks will
become a partner and make a fortune; one
of the compositors own a newspaper and
become an influential citizen; one of the
apprentices will become a master-builder;
one of the young villagers will get a hand
some farm and live like a patriarch but
which one i3 the lucky individual ?
Lucky ! there is no luck about it. The
thing is almost as certain as the Rule of
Three. The young fellow who will distance
his competitors is he who masters hi3 busi
ness, who preserves his integrity, who lives
cleanly and purely, who devotes his leisure
to the acquisition of knowledge, who never
gets in debt, who gains friends by deserv
ing thcTDj and who saves his spare money.
There are some ways Co fortune shorter
than this old dusty highway but the
staunch men of the community, the men
wfed achieve something really worth-having,
good fortune, -food same, aad serene old
age, all go this :roa.
.,'3 j -,
A writer thus uudertakes io convey some
idea of the greatness of the population of
" The mind cannot grnp the real import
of so vast a number. I'mr hnndtcd mil-
'-(ious ! What d es it me.ni ? Count it.
Night and day, without rest, or food, or
sleep, you coufinuo jhe weary work; yec
eleven nays have passed before you havo
couuted the first million, and more than as
many years before the end the tedious task
can be reached."
He also supposes this mighty multitude
to take up its line of mnrch, in a grand
procession, placed in single file at six feet
apart, and unrching at the rate of thirty
miles a da, except on the Sabbath, which
is given to rest
"Day after day the moving column ad
vances, the head pushing on far towards tho
rising suu, now bridges the Pacific, now
bridges the Atlantic. And now the Pacific
is crossed, but still the long procession
marches on, stretching across high mount
ains, and sunny plains, and broad rivers,
through China and India, and the European
kingdoms, and on again over the stormy
bosoui of the Atlantic. But the circuit of
the world itself affords not standing room.
The endless column will double upon itself,
and double again and again, and shall gir
dle the earth eighteen times before the
great reservoir which furnishes these nuni
beilcss multitudes is exhausted. Weeks,
mouths and years roll away, and still they
come, men, women and children. Since
the march begau tho little child has become
a mau, and yet thoy come, in unfailing
numbers. Not till the end of forty-one
years will the last of the long proccssiou
Such is China in its population ; and if
Homer could have preached eloquently on
the vanity of man as a mortal, with equal
eloquence, had he seen or contemplated tho
millions of China, could he have preached
on the vanity of man as an indhidual.
A Nat for Anti-Prohibitionists.
Dr. Hill, Superintendent of the Asvluni
at Columbus, Ohio, says :
" A citizen of this State married an intel
ligent lady, who bore him ten children.
After the birth of the first three the father
became intemperate, and during his career
as an inebriate four children were born to
him. He then reformed entirety, and had
three others. The first three were smart
and intelligent, and became useful men and
women, aud so of the last three. Of the
four born to him during his inebriety, two
have died in the lunatic asylum, another ia
there, and the fourth is an idiot ! This is
not an isolated case. The demonstration is
complete and certain, and there is no room
left for doubt as to the cause of idiocy and
insanity in these cases. Thus an intera
pcriio uan or woman transmits a depraved
constitution, and aa impaired intellect, to
children, and even grandchildren. Tho
statistics in regard to the idiots of Massa
chusetts, published a few ycurs rrnce, fur
nished a volume of proofs to the same
general statement. The more the subject
is investigated, the more certain it will be
shewn that the use of liquors is impairing
the health and reason, and shortening the
lives, not only of those who drink, but of
their descendants. In self defence, the
State will, sooner or later, be compelled to
interpose its strong arm, or the race will
be deteriorated physically, intellectually,
moralby and socially. If a man ha a con
stitutional right to degrade himself below
the level of a decent brute, he Ins no right
to people the hml with iaibcciles and
The Immcnso Grain Wealth of tho Country
We do not begin to realize the vast pro
ductiveness of our country. The figures
which represent the grain arriving at tide
water are run over in the papers, but no
conception is formed of what they signify.
Sixty-two millidns of bushels of grain
arrived at tide-water by the canals of this
State, between the first day of May and tho
first day of December. Of course it all
passed through this little city of ours.
This quantity does not include anj that was"
taken off for consumption west of this point
nor any that left the canal at any point
east, or north of tide water. But how
much i? sixty-two millions of bushels?
So much was received at tide-water in
seven ;nontli, and so much passed our city
during that period. It is enough to con
stitute a steady stream of 12,128 bushels
an hour for the whole 5112 hours of tho
seven months, or 202 bushels a minute, or
three bushels a second. It requited the
passage of a boat carrying over G000
bushels every thirty minutes during tho
Xet tho granaries of the West arc full,
and thi3 vast quantity of grain could bo
more than duplicated. Oneida (1Y. F.)
Tinr Best Friexd. Young man, (hf
mother i3- thy bc"3t: earthly friend. The
world may wilfully do thee many wrong
thy mother, never. The world may perse
cute thee while, liyiagand -whea dead,
plant the ivy and n&thSdedf, slander
upon tby grassier 'gaye-thy0otIier -will
love and cherish Hkee-whil(PH7ing?aBd if
she survives-thee,3piU ltetf. fcrlkee-.when
dead such tears as none bugaasothtr knowf:
howto weep. -Loe thy mother.
! : -