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THE SMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN UNION.
"WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION."
JBy IBlakely fc Martin.
JUNCTION, DAVIS CO.,
JSTSAJS, THURSDAY, MARCH 37, 1862.
Vol. I-No. 23.
Smoto fill anb gtpnlr'n ftliuoit,
PUBLISHED EVFUr TnCKSDAT yoUXIXG BT
WM. S. BLAKELY, - - - GEO. W. MARTIX,
Lt Junction City, Kansas.
OFFICE OX JEITERSON" St. BE'N 7th & 8ra
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BARTLETT, W. K., Grocer and PnonccE
Dealer, Washington street, between 7th
and 8th streets.
BECKER, WM., City Bakery an J Confection
ary, Washington Street, bet'n Gth and 7th.
BECKERS, M., Painter and
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CASPER, JOHN, Boot and Shoe Maker, Wash
ington fctrect, between 7th and 8th.
C10BB, EDWARD, Builder and Architect, cor-
ner of Sixth and Jefferson. -.
HEW. F. P., Physician and Surgeon. Office
at Eagle Hotel.
ALE, JOSEPH, Butcher and Dealer
Meat, corner Washington and Eighth.
"F1AGLB HOTEL, J. II. BROWN, Proprietor.
JLJ Corner Washington and Sixth street.
I LETCHER, F. M., Builder and Architect,
' 5th street, bet'n Washington and Adams.
TRONTIER PRINTING OFFICE, Washington
Jj street, E ist bide, between 7th and 8th.
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ILBERT, N. S., Dealer in Dry Goods
Groceries, corner 7th and Washington.
ALL, LUTHER, City Dmj
Street, below Eignth.
JEHLE, FRANK, Root mid Shoe Maker, Wash
ington street, between Gth and 7th.
XARNAN, J. II , Tinner and Dealer
Stoves, Corner Ninth and Washington.
LEGORE, J , Jeweler,
ITCH ELL, D., Surveyor ami Civil Engi
necr, Washington street above Seventh
MOBLEY, R. 1)., District Clerk aud Land
Agnt Office in Taylor's Building, oppo
site the Park.
ONROE, WILLIAM, Stone Cutter and
Mason, corner Gth and t ashington.
AY, CHARLES, Brick Mason, Washington
street above Seventh.
ARVIN. FRED F., Sawyer, comer Seventh
DLIN, WOODBRIDGE, Attorney at Law,
Seventh street, near Jeffcrijcn.
"HERKINS, B- F., Attorney at Law, Frontier
X Building, Washington street
OTREETER & STR1CKLER, Dealers in Dry
LI Goods. Groceries and Hardware, corner
'Washington and Seventh street.
PRONG, HENRY, Tailor, Washington street,
SEYMOUR, E. W., Physician and Surgecn,
City Drug Store, Washington street.
STRICKLER, S. M., Post Master, corner
Seventh and Washington.
UNITED STATES LAND OFFICE. R.
McBratney, Register ; S D. Houston, Re
ceiver. Corner Eighth and Adams.
UNION JOB PRINTING ESTAB
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street, below 8th.
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I, ASK DEEDS
JOB SALS AT THIS OITICi
For the Unloa
What shall be done about fences ?
question which many farmers in this region
have asked. Various answers have been
given several plans have been tried, yet
no satisfactory result has been reached.
All that I shall attempt to do will be sim
ply to give my opinion. For immediate
and temporary use the sloping fence seems
to be the best. I think it the cheapest.
It is a more effectual barrier against cattle,
and is less liable to be thrown down by the
wind than the uptight fence. But it will
last only a few years, and timber is too
scarce to renew it frequently. We must
resort either to wire, stone, or hedge. Few
farmers, I apprehend, will like wire. It is
a direct outlay of money to begin with.
Posts must be used, and they will soon
decay. The wire will contract and expand
by the changes in tho weather, and thus is
liable to break; and cattle, because they
canuot easily see the wire, will carelessly
run against it, and break it, and perhaps
at the same time injure themselves.
Stone walls can be built as easily in this
region as in almost any country, hey
will cost nothing but labor. They will be
durable, and they are a good protection
against cattle. In some locations, where
stone are quite convenient, and you are not
specially anxious about the appearance of
your farm, a good stone wall may be the
most desirable fence. One objection to
stone fences is, that they afford protection
to various kinds of vermin. These vermin
are a great nuisance, and wo should do all
we can to get rid of them. Another objec
tion to stone walls is that in process of time
the frost will throw them down. As they
begin to tumble, the farmer may attempt
to patch them up a little, but before he is
fully aware of danger, his cattle have made
a clean sweep over the crumbling wall, and
have done more or'less mischief. Further,
stone walls don't look well. There is some
thing forbidding to the eye about them,
especially on our prairies. But tho most
serious objection to them is, they arc ex
pensive. They cost a very great amount of
hard labor. Any man will be satisfied on
this point after he has built a few rods.
Hedges made of the Osage Orange will,
it seems to me, combine the most advan
tages of any hind of fence. Experiments
enough have been made to prove that the
Osage Orange will grow well in this region.
When fully grown, it will make a fence
which no domestic animal will attempt to
encounter more than once. It is said that
snakes and mice are sometimes impaled on
its sharp thorns. I do not see why it may
not be a good protection against wild ani
mals, and thus our fowls and sheep may be
safe from outward danger.
Further, tho hedge is the cheapest dura
ble fence that can be built. A large farmer
in Missouri said that it was cheaper for him
to make a hedge than to go to his timber
(of which he had an abundance,) and pre
pare and lay up rails. From what I have
seen, I am inclined to think that this state
ment is true. No special skill is requisite
to make the hedge. The greatest objec-
ftion to it is that it requires some hve
or six years to grow. Hence the impor
tance of commencing it at once. As soon
as possible the seed should be sown, that
the plants may be ready for use. If fire
should burn tho hedge, the old stalks will
remain until new shoots of sufficient size
have sprung up from the roots.
The Osage has one enemy the gopher.
This mischievous animal will sometimes
eat off the roots just below the surface of
the ground, and thus cause the death of the
plant. But the "gopher can easily be de
stroyed. You can trace him by the little
bank of earth ho makes wherever he goes.
About sunrise or sunset he will show him
self above ground ; you must then be pres
ent with your gun and shoot him.
I have one suggestion to make to a class
of men I don't like, i. e , land speculators.
Put hedges around your lands so as to
make convenient farms, and in a few years
the value will be greatly increased. A
good fence, already made, will be worth to
the immigrant four times as much as it
costs you. In this way you may put money
in your own pocket, and assist in settling
the country. You may thus do so much
good that your neighbors will speak of you
with common respect.
) An exchange contains the following
neat hit at the "Now York Ledger's An
swers to Correspondents:
"Jennie Ministers are not more ad
dicted to dissipation than the men of other
professions. A few of the Kalloch type
take gin toddies and liberties with females,
but the majority of them are as good as
lawyers and doctors. If yoa want a true
Christian marry an editor."
1&. A young lady lately appeared in
male attire in Baltimore, and one of the
editors say that her disguise was so perfect
that she might have passed for a man,
" had she had a little more modesty !"
THE VANDAL SPIRIT.
The rebel newspapers, and public meet
ings in the rebel States, are devoting them
selves just now to discussing the degree of
iuin which they shall cause upon the ad
vance of the Union forces. The prevalent
determination is to prevent the plantng of
cotton and tobacco, so as to bring as great
evils as practicable upon the outside world
upon the Northern States primarily, and
upon England and France because they
hae refused to oily themselves with the
Rebellion. Particular animosity is shown
towards those who would plant the new
crop, as Yankees, and as enemies of the
South. The recommendations for the de
struction of the entire stock of cotton and
tobacco now in store, are persisted in, and
those who do not join in them, arc assailed
with great virulence. It is remarkable
that while the original sasreestion of this
poilcy may have sprung from a desire to
keep the property out of the hands of the
Union forces, its advocacy is not now con
fined to that purpose. On the contrary,
the idea of ruin for its own sake, appears
to have taken possession of the minds of
the leaders, and havoc and carnage and
conflagration are sought, one would think,
as positive blessings.
The recent disasters to the rebel cause
have increased and extended this spirit.
The discussion spreads whether cities shall
be burned as the loyal army advance, and
the voice raised against such Vandalism is
pronounced weak and unpatriotic. The
annihilation of the staples in store, is not
left to private madness, but in the rebel
Senate at Richmond, a resolution has been
introduced to " inquire into the expediency
of taking possession and control by the
Government of all the cotton, tobacco, and
other products within the limits of the
Confederate States, with a view to the
destruction of said products or any portion
thereof, whenever the same may be threat
encd with capture by the enemies of the
country." A large public meeting in the
same city recommended by formal resolu
tions the same Vandal policy. One of the
speakers, Hon. C. K. Marshall, in the
cour6e of a speech overflowing with rancor
and violence, insisted :
" 1 want us to do something manly
something grand. I want the Confederate
Government to buy all the cotton, and if
need be, destroy it. If one of these pillars
which support this temple were cotton, and
the other tobacco, and England, France,
Russia, and the United States of America,
and ourselves depended on them for exist
ence, and it were necessary, I would, Samson-like,
drag them down, and let one
universal ruin ovcricJielm civilization."
The Richmond Whigt which is a cham
pion of the destructive scheme, remarks
with more frankness but not more violence
than tho average of the rebel press, as
" Preparations for tho destiuction of
these two articles cannot be too speedily
made. If Congress docs not act, an order
from tho War Office to all the military
authorities of the Confederacy should at
once be given, requiring them forthwith to
take steps for insuring the destruction of
these articles. If the selfish policy of for
eign Governments leads them to seek tJieir
oicn interests, by virtually aiding in our
let us show titan that, if fall ice must,
ice will fall not unavenged, but CAN AND
WILL SPREAD RUIN OVER TOE EARTH."
Such a spirit and policy can be mot only
by the strong arm. The might of tha Gov
Government must utterly crush such
destructives, as first step for tho salva
tion of the soil which is desecrated by their
tread. They are intent upon ruin for its
own sake; the Government is averso to
destroy even as a means to victory. They
revel in blood and in flame ; the Govern
ment is merciful to a fault. Disaster but
renders them more savage, as a tiger held
at bay. But such madness will exhaust
itself, and hasten the hour when reason and
humanity shall triumph. Oneida Herald.
Bad tor the Cow. The editor of the
Schoharie (N. Y) Patriot, thinks the Gen
eral Government represents the locomotive,
and the seceding States the cow, in the
following story :
When George Stephenson, tho celebra
ted Scotch engineer, had completed his
model of a locomotive, he presented him
self before the British Parliment, and ask
ed the attention and support of that body.
The grave M. P.'s looking sneeringly at his
invention, said j
" So you have made a carriage to run
only by steam ?"
" Yes, my lords T
" And you expect your carriage to run
only on parallel rails, so that it can't go off,
do you T
" Yes, my lords !"
"Well, now, Mr. Stephenson, let us
show you how absurd your claim is. Sup
pose when your carriage is running upon
those rails 'at the rate of twenty or thirty
miles per hour, if you are extravagant
enough to suppose such a thing possible, a
cow should get in its way. Yoa can't
turn out for her what then ?"
" Then 'twill be bad for the cow, my
fST A, Chicago paper having said that
the secessionists were in league with hell,
Prentice 'suseests. that they are within a
league of it.
HASTE 2TOX! REST 2fOT!
Without haste without rest
Bind the motto to thy breast ;
Bear it with thee as a spell !
Storm or sunshine, guard it well !
Heed not flowers that rxund thee bloom.
Bear it onward to the tomb.
Haste not ! let no thoughtless deed
Mar fore'er the spirit's speed,
Ponder well and know the right
Onward, then, with all thy might!
Haste not ! years can ne'er atone
For one reckless action done I
Rest not! life is sweeping by :
Do and dare before you die I
Something mighty and sublime
Leave behind to conquer time!
Glorious 'tis to live for aye,
When these forms have passed away !
Haste not! rest not! calmly wait,
Meekly bear the storms of fate !
Duty be thy polar guide,
Do the right, whate'er betide !
Haste not! rest not! conflicts past,
God shall crown and bless at last!
THE BOAD TO HUTTONSVTLLE.
Jack Phillips, the scout, tells the follow
ing story, which is probably a little embel
lished by his fertile genius, but which,
nevertheless, gives a pretty faithful repre
sentation of the pi ogress made in civiliza
tion by the inhabitants of the mountains
I will narrate it as nearly as possible in
Jack's own woids:
I was on my way from the Mingo flats
to Huttonsville ; coming, of course, across
the mountains, as the roads are not the
safest in that God-forsaken, seccsh region.
After climbing from mountain to mountain,
for two or three hours, I just began to be a
little suspicious that I was obliquing off a
little too near the rebel camp; and I
determined, the first opportunity I got, to
inquire as to my whereabouts, and the
most direct route to Huttonsville. About
a mile and a half off to my right, on a
little flat, near the summit of a huge
mountain, I saw a cleared patch, surround
ed by a brush fence, and ornamented by a
dingy, smoky, eight-by-ten cabin.
After scrambling up one mountain and
down another, I came to a halt alongside
of the brush fence. A man, perhaps forty
five, dressed in a sheepskin cap, a pair of
moccasins, and a collection of linsey patch
es, was assisting a boy of twelve, half
buried in his father's old clothes, to skin a
'coon. Near them, on their haunches, sat
a pair of lank half-hounds, eagerly watch
ing for their share of the noble quarry.
As I was not able to scale the fence, I
called out :
"Hallo! old friend!"
" Hollo, yourself!" was the reply.
" Step this way a raomeut, if you please."
The old man wiped the blood from his
hands to the skirt of his wanius and came
toward me. As he got to the fence, I
" Will you be kind enough to direct me
the nearest and best route to Huttonsville ?"
" How d'ye do ?" said he, looking up.
"Good evening," said I, "will you be
kind enough to direct me the nearest and
best route to Huttonsville?"
" Huntersville ! Well I declare ! You're
one o' them soger fellers, aint you? You're
the first I've seed of 'cm. Hey, Job, yer's
a rcgler soger, Job'
At this, Job hung the half-dressed 'coon
on the corner of the hut, and. advancing,
took a position about half-way to me, and
squared himself for a good stare.
"It's growing late," said I, " and if 1
lose much time night will overtake me in
the mountains. Please direct me at once."
He hitched up his linsey, took a fresh
chew of " dogleg " and said :
"Sartenly, sartenly. Well, you go
down this mountain, and up the holler I
disremember whether it is the first or sec
ond one but at any rate you go up the
holler to the low gap; thar's wharc the
Higgenses live, and such a set as the Hig
ginses is, you never saw. Fourteen in the
family, counting Sal's young one, and not
a bed in the shanty. The hull bilen of 'em,
old and young, wimmen and dogs, ,will
swear, and steal, and lie, and git drunk, and
what's wuss, if I must say it "
" Hold on, friend, I care nothing about
your neighbors ; tell me about the route,
and I'll be obliged to you."
" That's jest what I am a doin' of. Well
yon go on past the Higginses, that is, if
you can get .a past, for ef they see you
they'll all come a pourin' out the door till
you'd think it was a schoolhouse, only tbar
aint such a thing in these parts, and they'll
all be a hollerfn', every one louder than the
rest, ' Terbacker, gim me some terbackcr !'
and ef you want to see the all-firedest fight
in' you ever saw, throw a couple of chaws
into the crowd. Heavens and ycth !
Pulin', haulio', scratching screamin', swear
in', bar, blood, blood, and the ground tore
"Never mind the Higginse?, old man ;
let us suppose I got past there ; which way
am I to go ?"
Ef you get past there alive, yon can
go on thro' the low gap, and around the
pint to the bar-waller. Tothcr side of the
bar-waller is where old Snodgallopper live.
It's Snodgallopper's coasin's boy that's got
tha school larnin', and that takes the news
paper. Thar's the old man and the old
woman, and three boys, and four girls, and
'two. niggers, and seven dogs, and the black
wench, Hanncr, is the only white man in
the family. Lord Almighty, but them
boys is ornry ! They lick my Job, cut the
hounds' tails off, tear down my chimbly,
and I'll tell you what else they done.
They got three or four big nests of hornets,
and fastened 'era up, and carried 'em to my
cabin, and they onstopped the nests, and
flung them in at us, and fastened the door.
Me and Job clim1 out the ruff artcr bein'
stung near about to death, and we couldn't
go into the cabin agin for nigh onto two
weeks for the hounds ; but dod-dern 'em
" Old man, if you are going to tell me
which way to go, do so at once, or I must
go without directions."
"Don't do that ar, stranger, don't do
that ar. You'll never get no place, if you
dou t toilow my directions, adzactly.
" Then tell me about the route, and say
less about your neighbors."
" I can't tell you the way without a
mentionin' of my neighbors, for you have
to go right past 'em, and there aint nobody
lives about here except us and our neigh
bors." "Tell mo which way I shall go from
Clodhopper's, as you call him."
" Snodgollapcr's, you mean. Why you
don't go past tbar, at all. Arter you get
past the bar-waller, you go on till you get
purty nigh in sight, then you turn down
the mountain and take along a bench till
you come to where there used to be a path.
The path can't be seed now, but when you
come to whar it was, you take off to tho
right, and then go straight on down before
you down the run till you come to the Mac
Mulliken's settlement. They're the most
popilus people I ever seed. It's Mac Mul
likens here, and Mac Mullikens thar, and
its Mac Mullikens cverywhar, and the hull
neighborhod's lousy with Mac Mullikens.
It was one of the infernal Mac Mullikens
that run off with the mother of my Job,
and made a widder out of Job and me both,
no longer ago than last corn shucking was
a year. It's Old Jake Mac Mulliken's
Bob that keeps the whiskey, terbacker,
" Are you going to tell me the way, or
are you not ?"
" In course I am, but don't get flustica
ted. When you get to the Mac Mulliken's
settlement, you go on till you get past thar
and adjinin clearins to the man that lives
tother side of him, is whar Sol Martindike
lives, and you'll not see a bigger fool than
Sol till you get to Huntersville, if you "
" Huntersville be d d. I want to
go to Huttonsville."
" Oh ! I don't know nothing about the
way to Huttonville ; but as I was a sayin',
you never seed a Martindike in your life
that wasn't the infernelest fool you ever did
see, and "
" Say, old codger, aint you a Martin
dike?" "That's personal," he exclaimed, and
seized a club; but just as he drew on mo,
Job shouted :
"Hey, dad, the hounds has got the 'coon."
And while Job and dad and the dogs
were fighting for their suppers, I made my
The Union as it Was.
A phrase is in current use which seems
to us somewhat ambiguous. People say,
"We are anxious to see the Union as it
was, again established." The " Union as it
was !" What does the expression mean.
Under the administrations of Pierce and
Buchanan we had what was called '-Union."
Then, apparently, as the price of Union and
the condition of its continuance, the entire
power of the General Government were
wielded in the interests of slavery. There
was no limit to the demands of the slave
holding oligarchy, and scarcely any to the
ready concessions of a supple Northern
Democracy. That interest was supreme in
the councils and actions of the Government.
There aro not a few among as who3e
loyalty has not been even pronounced, but
who would be glad to see that Union re
established, and whose zeal is most ardent
for that kind of a Union and no other.
Indeed we are not sure the Confederate
Congress would not readily accept that as a
"compromise." It was not against that
a Government which it controlled and in
which slavery was the paramount interest
that they rebelled. If by " the Union as
it was" is meant a state of things where the
executive powers of the Government are
for the sake of the Union, to be placed in
the bands or sued men as uucuanan, witn
such counsellors a3 Cobb, Floyd, Toucey
if such men as Mason and Toombs, and
Hunter, are again to lord it insolently in
the Senate Chamber or the House of
Representatives is to be kept in uproar and
disorganization for two months by factious
slaveholders if that be " the Uuion" which
men desire to see restored, it is well to un
derstand it before hand.
The Union which we desire to, see, is that
cordial one which was intended by the Con
stitution, id which the just rights of all
sections shall be respected and the laws
shall be obeyed; in which the power of the
Government shall be impartially and jastly
exercised, and not perverted to the support
Civil war is indeed a terrible evil, and no
good man can desire to see it needlessly
prolonged. Bat eince it has been set on
foot in behalf of an .interest demanding
exclusive control, and by men resolved to
rale or ruin the sacrifices it has already
coat, will be less than vain, if the loyal
pcopiCj under the name of "rwtcring the
Union," are to concede to the audacious
traitors all which they menacingly clamored
for in the outset. To declare that their
cause was just, and the rebellion on their
part rightful, would not be more absurd
than now to yield them again that suprem
acy in the Government, which they had in
" the Union as it was,"
m m 0
Bar dock's Crotchet.
Licntcnant-Colonol Wakefield was for
thirty years a companion in arms of Gen
eral Havelock in his Indian campaigns.
General Havelock was a strong temper
ance man. and made strenuous exer
tions to induce the troops under him to ab-
staiu from all intoxicating drinks. Among
other incidents, the Lieutenant-Colonel
relates the following striking illustration
of the rapid demoralization which strong
drink brings into the army.
"A curious circumstance happened to
this force. The inaccessibility of the coun
try made it almost impossible to carry one
load of baggage more than was absolutely
necessarj . The consequence was, that in
stead of having a long train of camels, with
a grog-barrel on each side of them, thcro
were no camels and no grog-barrels and
the force entered the country without any
spirit rations. We entered that 'country.
Among other places we had to take was a
very strong place called Ghunzce. Tho
men, after entering the place, spread to the
right and left. Of course, as is always given
on these occasions, the order was, ( Do not
commit any outrage.' But I tell you, when
men are under fire, and are a little fuddled,
they just care as much for their officers as for
any one else; and I tell you what, they will
club their muskets and say, 'You hold your
jaw. JNot so at ununzec. Aitnougn unuer
fire from the houses, they received their
orders from the officers not to fire. Not ono
of thorn did, and there was not an outrage
committed in Ghunzee; there was not a
woman or child maltreated; there not a
single complaint. Time rolled on. Our
forces had to undergo all sorts of vicissi
tudes ; a climate of extreme heat in sum
mer, and extreme cold in winter. They
had to sleep on the ground, and to march
through the snow ; to go through snow at
one time, and under a blazing sun at an
other, that would take the skin off your
face before you could think. They did it
all on cold water. Now comes the painful
part of my story. Tho wise men of thoso
days began to say, ' Ob, but the poor sol
dier is without his grog; we must send
him some grog.' The Governor-General
very soon writes to the commissariat, and
says, 'Make arrangements to send up 1400
camel loads of rum into AffghanistanJ
The camels started. They got their pas
sage through Runject Singh's (the king of
the bikbs) country, and through tneso
passes up to Cabul. The commissariat
officer wa3 a teetotaler. I am sorry to say
it nearly broke his heart, for he had to
serve out these rations. What was tho
consequence? From that day there wcro
frequent court martinis ; from that day
men were guilty of striking their officers in
the execution of their duty ; coming under
the frightful lash coming under the sen
tence of transportation for life just for one
act of passion simply arising from drink,
which they naver would have done if they
had been sober. I novcr knew a thing
that so convinced the officers of the army I
belonged to of the truth of Havelock's
crotchet, as they called it. They said, ' It
is a wondrous crotchet.' After tbey had
seen the army sober for upwards of eight
months, with the greatest freedom from
crime the officers not constantly in their
regimentals, sitting on court-martials, trying
their men then comes in liquor and tho
old story. I say they had overwhelming
proof, and I will defy any man to overcome
it. It is stronger than any axiom of Euclid."
Ode Eagle. Ralph Waldo Emerson
thinks that the American Eagle will como
out of the war much less of a peacock. This
is hopeful, surely. We shall be more natu
ral, more simple in our-lives and habits;
truer, wiser, and therefore more soundly;
""The sound of your hammer," said
Franklin, " at five o'clock in the morning
or nine at night, heard by a creditor, Bakes
him easy six months loBger; bat it be sees
yoa at a billiard tabic, or hears your voice
at a tavern, when yoa should be at work,
be sends for his money the next day."
fST Secretary Chase, by a formal order
of the 27th ult., has dismissed from the
service a second lieutenant of the Revenue
for drunkenness. Good I We hope the
example may be infectious and become
epidemic in army and navy -not the drunk
enness, bat the disaiissal.
S3T A North Carolinian, upon hearing
that grass was growing in the streets of
his native city, became frantic with joy.
The idea that grass would grow anywhere
in North Carolina was perfectly aelFghtfui
m m -m
J&-AB old lady Being asked to Mbscribe
to a newspaper, declined m the ground that
when she wanted news she Jmaaufactured it.
IgU When a wise aaa plays the, fool, 3
woman is generally at the hottoaaof it,