TfflTSMOKY HILL AND REPUBLICAN VMON.
"WE JOIN OURSELVES TO NO PARTY THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE -FLAG, AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION."
33y JBlakely fc Martin.
JTHSTCTIOiSr, DA.VIS CO., KSTSVS, SA.TTJHIA.Y3 AUGUST 2, 1S62.
Vol. I -3STo. 41.
jimolm pll anb JEpJnr fttnioir,
published Evxnr satuhiut mousing et
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THE TRAITORS ORGANIZING IN THE NORTH
WILL LOYAL MEN BE WARNED 1
It is quite evident that the loyal men of
tho country may prepare themselves for a
new and additional contest from the one in
ujvhich they are now engaged they are un
doubtedly to be assailed by " a fire in tho
rear." It hag all along been evident to
thoughtful and observant men, that ovor
all parts of the country, there was a strong
and influential, if not numerous party, who
ore in sympathy with the pro-slavery trai
tors of the couth, but who were restrained
from open action by the strong public sen
timent of the people, for tho unconditional
restoration of the Union. I need not now
trace the causes that have induced them to
throw off their veil of neutrality and openly
begin agitation. The fact that an extended
effort is now being made to render aid-and
comfort to the enemy is quite evident.
Your readers are aware, I presume, that
a few weeks since St. Louis was honored
by the presence of the notorious Fernando
Vood, of New York, who I believe is re
garded as great a traitor to his country as
bis brother, Ren. Wood, proprietor of the
late Daily Neics, which was suppressed by
the Government for its seditious character.
IIo came here, I understand, to consult the
editors of the Missouri Republican, and tho
leading conservatives of the city. He also
travelled through Illinois and Ohio, re
turning by the way of Washington City,
where, in consultation with old Rill Rich
ardson, Knapp, and Allen, of Illinois, Val
landigham and Cox of Ohio, Wickliffc and
uMallory of Kentucky, Hall and others of
Missouri, and, in fact, most of the Rordcr
State men, a programme was agreed on, to be
immediately carried out, which I will state
in the emphatic lnnguago of Richardson of
Illinois, as reported to me : " We intend to
get control of the Government; will carry
Illinois by 20,000 votes." (Mark you, this
was done before the vote on the new con
stitution in Illinois.) " Wo have the ropes
laid to carr' Indiana ; will carry New Jer
sey, Delaware, and by December wc will
bavo Tennessee and Louibiana represented
in Congress, and ice trill cramp old Ale,
d (7 him, and make him stop this war by
stopping his supplies. Pardon the profanity
I want to bo exact. The papers of this
week bring the beginning of this arragc
xncnt. The meeting of the thirty-five con
servative Congressmen in Washington City,
the Fernando Wood meeting in New York,
addressed by old Wickliffo of Kentucky,
tho meeting at Columbus, Ohio, presided
over by the notorious Sam Medary, and
addressed by Vallandigham. Corr. St.
WITTY SAYINGS OF WITTY MEN.
It would be difficult to give a better defi
nition of tho word epigram than that con
veyed in Martial's famous couplet :
An epigram is like a bee a thing
Of little size, with honey and a sting.
Martial was, himself, one of the most
successful epigrammatists that ever lived;
but as he wrote in Latin, the point of his
best efforts have been lost in the translation.
Rurns does not seem to have thought much
of Elphinstone's attempt to render Martial's
compositions into English; for, on being
handed a volume, the result of it, he per
petrated on the fly-leaf the following :
Oh, thou, whom posy abhors,
Whom prose has turned out of doors,
Heard'st thou that groan ? proceed no further ;
'Twas laurelled Martial roaring " murther."
Serious epigrams were formerly more
popular than comic ones; the reverse is
now tho case. There is not probably in
the English language a verso which has
been so extensively imitated as Dryden's
tribute to Milton. Indeed, it is not unu
sual to find scholars of no mean attain
ments forgetting the real author and attrib
uting it to an imaginary one. It is worth
Three poets, in three distant ages born,
Greece, Italy, and England did adorn ;
The first in loftiness of thought surpassed,
The next in majesty ; in both the last.
The force of nature" could no further so.
To form a third she joined the former two.
A Latin jcu (Fesjiirit of Thomas Whar
ton, which was written to be placed under
a statue of Somnus, is thus turned into
Eaglish by Wolcot, and has been called a
Come, gentle sleep ! attend thy votary's prayer,
And though death's image to my couch repair
How sweet, though lifeless, yet with life to lie,
inu wuhoue uymg, un now sweet to die!
Montgomery once wrote an epitaph for a
monument which was to be erected over the
grave of three little innocents. As it is
essentially an epigram we print it :
Bold infidelity 1 turn pale and die.
Beneath this stone three infants' ashes lie :
Say, are they lost or saved ?
If death's bv sin, tliev sinned, because thev'ro
If Heaven's by works, in Heaven they can't
Reason .' Oh, how depraved !
Revere the eacred page, the knot's untied ;
They died, for Adam sinn'd they live, for
The annexed is also of Roston origin j
and we think it reads like the Professor's:
When Sarah Jane, the moral miss,
xeciares 'tis very wrong to kiss,
I'll bet a eliilling I see through it :
The damsel, fairlv understood,
Feels just as any Christian should
She'd rather suffer is rong than do it.
Comic epigrams are becoming so numer
ous that it would require more space than
is at our disposal to chronicle even the best
of them and some of them are very good.
We have merely endeavored to collect a few
of the most noted ones. Jfm Y, Eve. Post.
LOVE .A.:NT LXTXlCY.
Roileau used to say that the best epi
grams originated in conversation : and of
all of his own, of which he wrote enough
to fill a volume, he gives tho preference to
the following :
Here lies my wife, and Tfeavon knows
Not more for mine than her repose.
Allan Ramsay, whose "Gentlo Shep
herd " is bo much admired, having been
handed an orange by the Countess of
Aboyuo, acknowledged it in these happy
Now Triam's son, thou may'st be mute,
For I can proudly vie with thee,
Thou to the fairest gave the fruit,
The fairest inive the fruit to me.
A little girl was looking at a picture of
a number of ships, when sho remarked,
""'See what ajlock of ships." We correct
ed hor by saying that a flock of ships was
called njlcct, and a fleet of sheep was called
. f iAnd wc here may add for tho benefit of
the "foreigner who is mastering the intrica
4cics of 'our language with respect to its
"nouns of multitude, that a flock of girls is
'called a levy, and a bevy of wolves is called
'apack, and a pack ot thieves is cancel a
gang, and a gang of angels is called a host,
and a host of porpoises is called a sltoal,
and a shoal of buffalo is called a 7icrd, and
a herd of children is called a troop, and a
troop of patridges is called a covey, and a
covey of beauties is called a galaxy, and a
galaxy of ruflians is called a horde, and a
'horde of rubbish is called a heap, and a
"heap of oxen is called a drove, and a drove
"of blackguards is called a mob, and a mob
of whales is called a scliool, and a school of
worshippers is called a congregation, and a
congregation of engineers is called a corps,
and a corps of robbers is called a land, and
a band of locusts is called a sicarm, and a
swarm of people is called a croud, and a
crowd of gentle folks is called the elite, and
tho elite of tho city's thieves and rascals are
called the roughs, and a miscellaneous of
city folks is called the community or the
public, according as they are spoken of as
the religious " community " or the secular
. -m m m
J There is no use in talking to a rebel
about the amount of the Confederate debt.
ITourtruc fire-eater, who never cared the
.enap of his finger for his own debts, will
pot bo likely to trouble himself about those
'ot the public,
The German Lcssing is credited with the
" He's gone at last old Niger's dead !"
Last niirht 'twas said throughout the city ;
Each quidnunc gravely shook his head,
And half the town'cried, " What a pity !"
The news proved false ; 'twas all a cheat
The morning carae the fact denying ;
And all the town to-day repeat
What half the town last night was crying.
There is spirit enough in the subjoined
to justify its being attributed to Punch in
which it originally appeared ; having been
written by Thackeray:
" Is my wife out of spirits V said John, with a
As her voice of a tempest gave warning,
" Quite out, sir, indeed," said the maid, in reply,
" For she finished the bottle this moraine:."
Rousseau has left an epigram, tho En
glish version of which equals the original.
Here it is :
The world i but a comic play,
Where men their varied parts essay.
In dress dramatic, on the boards
Strut bishops, ministers, and lords ;
While we poor people sit below,
Despised, though paying for the show,
For which we are allowed to hiss,
Whene'er the farce is plaj'ed amiss.
It will be almost superfluous to inform
the reader that Tom Moore ie the author of
the following :
They say thine eyes, like sunny skies.
Thy chief attraction form ;
I sec no sunshine in those eyes,
They take mc all by storm.
Oliver Goldsmith, during his "literary
vagabondage," wrote a few epigrams, some
of which have been omitted from his works.
It is said that he penned this at one, of the
London taverns, and handed "it to a friend,
by way of a practical j oke :
Itisa maxim in the schools,
That women always doat on fools ;
If so, dear Jack, Ira sure your wife
Must love you as she docs her life.
On a fly-leaf of one of Shakespeare's plays
theso lines were discovered some yoars ago
in the green room of an English theatre :
Shakespeare, 'tis said by some, stole deer ;
Oh shame ! I don't believe the story ;
Yet, harts are dear, and beasts he stole,
Which makes the theft his DEAacst glory,
There are some good epigrammatists in
" the modern Athens," and their efforts are
generally regarded favorably. Of course
the "Autocrat of the Breakfast Table"
figures in the fiont rank. Wo subjoin a
characteristic morceau of his :
Quoth Tom: "Though fair her features be,
It is her figure pleases me."
" What might her figure be V I cried.
" One hundred thousand," he replied.
INTERESTING OBJECTS LN THE EXHIBITION.
Entering the exhibition at the eastern
dome, the first court on the right is devoted
to New South Wales. Here will bo found
some thousand pounds worth of nuggets of
pure gold and masses of auriferous rock;
but the most noteworthy objects, which are
sure to arrest the attention of the visitor,
are tho Golden Emu and tho Golden Kan
garoo, perched on a block of Malachite,
cast in pure metal bv a native artist.
Adjoining this court is that of Queensland,
the new- Northern colony of Australia.
Here are to be seen the dark green egg3 of
the Emu, which is veritably the bird of
Australia. Then there are specimens of
Myall, or violet wood, and a sachet box
made of it. Put your handkerchief or
gloves into it for a short time, and thev
will come out smelling most exquisitely of
violets. A cone ot the Bunya-Bunya tree
is a curiosity; in form it resembles the
cone of our fir tree, but it weighs about two
pounds and is as large as a man's hat.
Within it is a nut which at certain seasons
the natives use as food.
Close at hand are the Bahama and Hay
tien courts. The shell-work ornaments
made by Mrs. Gardner, of Nassau, Bahama,
will be sure to delight tho ladies. They
consist of most beautiful head dresses,
wreaths, bouquets, negliges, fcc., a species
of shell trinkets more beautiful than the
ivory wares of Emanuel. Bahama may be
termed the island or land of shells, for
here we may see the great conch shell, the
silver-lip shell, the leaf shell, the sun shell,
and a hundred others. Then. too. there
are tho rare pink, or rose-colored pearls,
and sponges in infinite variety, including
the great velvet sponge and the grass
sponge. Tho water jugs of Hayti are an
apparant paradox. They appear to have
nothing but a nole in the bottom and a
spout at the top, and aro devoid of any
ordinary apelure, such as we conceive nec
essary " to put water iuto a jug." However
when tho Haytien laiscs go for water to tho
the well, it appears they press the jug into
the stream and the water runs into tho jug
at the bottom, and can only come out again
at the spout on the top. The interior of
these jugs is of course not visible, so we
can only guess that they are constructed on
the syphon principle. The comfort of such
apparatus to the Haytian can only be con
ceived when it is remembered how insects
and reptiles abound in that land ; and that
it cannot be pleasant to turn out a drowned
fire-fly or winged centipede, when longing
for a drink of cool watcj, with the liquid
into one's drinking cup. In Hayti we find
the weakness of human nature indicated by
the necessity for leeks, but they are unlike
our nobbs and Chubbs; the locks of Hayti
being made of hard wood of most ingenious
construction, and well worthy of an inspec
tion by some practical blacksmith.
The following lore songs were written by an
inmate of the btica Lunatic Asylum.
Gaily the tiger cat tuned his guitar,
Serenading the magpie with feathers and tar ;
Sweetly he sneezed at her, sourly he sighed,
Lady bird, lady bird, wilt be my bride ?"
She for the elephant sadly had pined,
Ate but an ox, and then vowed she hadn't dined ;
Carried a photograph close to her heart.
Wrapped up in lobster, bank notes and plum tart.
At midnitrht the rivals met in the vlmta.
And fought by the light of the grasshopper a tail;
The elephant stood on his trunk to take breath,;
And the tiger cat cozily bussed him to death.
Then with a cabbage stalklxjldk- he wrote:
" Come, love, and tread on the tail of mv coat ;
See thy own crocodile whistling for thee."
He groaned gave a gurgle a cold corpse was he!
Lively, lovely Isaline,
Dancing o'er the moon so sroen,
Freckled is thy low black hair,
Sparkling through the spangled air.
A hile their harps the dolphins play,
Lo! thou skimm'st the milkv war":
Wilt thou be the mackerel's "queen ?
Lively, lovely Isaline !
Blighted, plighted Isaline!
Mournful cro.ik the cats serene ;
Howl the gold fish, mew the frog,
Weep the shrimj3 and purr the dugs,
All thy pets with rapture -av :
"Our lady will be wed to-day."
But canst thou love a fish so green,
Blighted, plighted Isaline?
Twinkle, twinkle, little girl,
How thy nose is out of curl I
Up above thy chin so high,
Like a lamp post in the e-kj.
When the verdant sun has gone.
And the stirs their hair have done,
We will hire a lawyer's dray
And gallop o'er the sea so gav.
Then will feast on codlin chops,
Peagreen prawns, and lollipops ;
Hunt the skipper, catch the croup,
And fill our shoes with turtle soup.
THE PRACTICAL TEST.
An army correspondent, writing from
McClellau's headquarters, savs
After a week of battles, during which
our troops fought six of European magni
tude, the wearied men, without being per
mitted scarcely an hour's rest, were required
to lay down the mu-ket, take the spade and
go to digging trenches ; and here they had
been working by the thousand, with scarcely
an opportunity to rest, adding to the tearful
list of bruised and broken down men ; while
the enemy rested an army of blacks were
doing the digging. All theories or fine
spun objections break down under argu
ments like this ; and the fact is too import
ant to be lost sight of, that measures have
been taken to relieve our soldiers by em
ploying negroes to build fortification?. I
confess that I have not yielded to the argu
ments in favor of arming the blacks, but as
an observer and chronicler I cannot forbear
to mention the progress of this idea within
the last two weeks. I have heard officers
of the army formerly opposed to such a
course, assert the same conclusion, and de
clare themselves in favor of employing all
the agencies icithm reach to jmt down the
rebellion. Ibe negro can labor and bo of
great service with the spade. This conclu
sion appears to have ben adopted in the
Army of tho Potomac, aad there is no say
ing that the negro's adaptation to the mus
ket may not yet be discovered by those
whose business it is to get soldiers and
tight our battles.
TOASTS THE LADIES.
Since the celebration of the Fourth, there
has been quite an outpouring of patriotism
among our loyal citizens in the shape of
toasts : but how few are there among toast
ers or toasted who can boast so delicate a
compliment as that recently paid the ladies
by their most ardent admirer, Mr. A. Ward.
Wc find the following in an exchange, which
must cause the ladies to feel highly flat
Artemas Ward being present at a cele
bration and exhibition, was called upon for
a speech, when he replied in "A tost to the
phair sex." Ladies, ses I, turnin to the
beautiful femails whose presents was per
phuming tho fare grownd, I hope you're
enjoyin yourself on this occashun, and that
leminaid and ise wotter ov which you air
drinkin, may not go agin you. May you
allers be as fare as the son, as bright as the
moon, and as butiful as an army with Union
flags also plenty of good close to ware.
Tu yure sex commonly kawled the
phair sex wc are indetted for our bornin, as
well as many uther bles&ins in these lo
growns of sorro. Sum poor sperroted fools
blaim yur sex for the diffikulty in the gar
den, but I know men air a desetful set, and
when the appols had bekum plum ripe I
have no dowt but Adam would have rigged
a cyder press, and like as not went onto a
big bust and been driv orf anawa. Yure
1st muther was a lady and all her dawtere
is ditto, and non but a lofin kuss will say a
word agin yu. Hopin that no waive of
trubble may ever ride akross yur peaceful
brests, I konklude these remarks with the
following centyment :
Woman She is a good egg.
m m m
Commencing Eably. A brutal teacher
whipped a little boy for pressing the hand
of a little girl who sat next to him at
school, after which he asked the child "why
he squeezed the girl's hand V Because,"
said the little fellow, " it looked so pretty
I couldn't help it." How very natural.
A " TALL HOLT."
The following laughable affair is from a
book entitled " Fisher's River Scenes and
Characters." Tho incident is located in
North Carolina. It is the story of a man
named Oliver Stanley, who was taken cap
tive by wild Indians. After some consid
eration, they put him into an empty oil
barrel and headed him up, leaving the
bungholo open that he might be the longer
dying. The prisoner related a portion of
his experience in this wise :
" I determined to get out'n that or bust
a trace; and so I pounded away with my
fist till I beat it into a jelly, at the head o'
the bar'l, but it was no go. So I caved in.
and made my last will and testament, and
virtually gave up the ghost. It wur a
mighty serious time with mc to be fiurc.
" While I wur lying there, balancing
accounts with t'other world, I hoard some
thing scambulating in among the leaves
outsides, and a snortin' every whip stitch
like he smelt suthin' that he didn't exactly
like. I lay as still as a salamander, and
thought maybe there's a chance for Stanley
yet. So tho critter, whatever it must be,
kep' niovin round the bar'l. Last he cum
to the bung hob, put his nose in, and smelt
mighty perticular, and gin a monstrous loud
snort. I holt what little breath I had, to
keep the critter from smellin' the internals
of that bar'l, I soon seed that it wur a bar
of the woods that had lived thar from time
"Thinks I, old feller, look out. Old
Oliver ain't ded yit. Just then he put his
black paw in as far 33 he could to make a
'covery. The first thought I had was to
nab his paw, as a drownin' man will catch
at a straw; but I soon seed that that
wouldn't do, for you see he couldn't travel.
So I jist waited a spell with great flatterba
tion of mind. The next move he made was
to put in his tail at the bung-hole to test
the innards. I seed that wur the time to
make my Jack, so I seized my holt, and
shouted at the top my voice,
Charge, Chester, charge !
On, Stanley, on !
And the bar he put, and I kno'd tail holt
wur better than no holt, and so went, bar'l
and all, and the bar full speed. My hopes
wur that the bar would jump over some
prcscijyicc, Drar the bar'l to sniverations.
and so liberate from my nasty, stinkin'
prison; and sure 'nuff, tho bar went full
speed over a csLtcrackJityoot high. Down
we went in a pile, cowhollow, on a big rock,
bustin' the bar'l and neatly sbakin' the
gizzard out'n me. I let go my holt had
no more use for it and away went the bar.
" I've never seen nor heard from that bar
since, but he has my best wishes for his
present and future welfare."
ANECDOTE OF WASHINGTON.
One day Washington, sending a dispatch,
directed tho bearer to cross tho river at a
certain ferry, and go through the Ramnpo
rass to luornstown. xne young man,
knowing .that a nest of traitors infested the
Pass, ventured to suggest to tho Commander-in-Chief
that another road would be
safest. " I shall be taken," he said, " if I
go through tho Pass." " Young man,
your duty is not to talk, Lut to obey" said
Washington sternly. He went as directed,
and near the Tas3 was captured, as he was
afraid of being, and sent to New York, then
in the hands of the enemy. The next day
the dispatches were taken from him, dis
closing a plan for attacking the city, were
published with great parade, and the En
glish immediately bogan preparations for
defending it. This gavo Washington time
to plan and execute another movement, in
quite a different direction, and by that time
both the British and the bearer found out
that the dispatch was meant to be taken.
A young man, of much modesty,
who was left alono in charge of a dry goods
store during dinner hour, received a visit
from a very beautiful young lady, who, after
selecting several pieces of goods, expressed
a great desire to try on a hoop skirt. The
blushing clerk was much embarrassed by
the proposition ; but as the lady insisted,
and appeared to be inclined to carry out
her intention in the store he begged her to
walk into a private room at the back end of
the store. This she did, taking the goods
she had selected. The clerk, feeling great
hesitation about hurrying a lady in so deli
cate an operation, left her for some fifteen
minutes undisturbed ; but thinking at last
that she must have bad sufficient time to
arrange her toilet, gently opened the door,
and found the window open and the hand
some lady, the goods and the hoop gone.
1ft. The Federals are a very pushing
people especially with the bayonet.
THE PRESIDENTS VIEWS.
Col. John W. Forney, Secretary of the
United Stales Senate, in addressing the
People's State Convention at Harrisburg,
last Thursday, is thus reported :
" He announced that President Lincoln
had told him before leaving Washington,
that henceforth his policy should be as strict
as the most enthusiastic could desire.
Loud applause. lhat hereafter there will
be no restriction in the cmploimcnt of oil
men to put down this rebellion. Long and
loud applause. No more doubting about
the confiscation of rebel property. Ap
plause. No longer need the the Northern
people be frightened with the cry of negro
equality and emancipation. Applause.
" He thought it proper to put arms in
their bands to save the lives of the whites.
Applaus6.J He thought we might as well
terminate tho war today if it was nol to be
fought with the aid of the colored men of
the South. Applause. General Wash
ington, in the Revolutionary war, used
them, and at the battle of Red Bank, 1777,
near Philadelphia, a Rhode Inland rogiuient
of blacks turned the fortunes of tho day."
5T The Nashville Union is severe on
"radical abolitionists," defining them as
" By radical abolitionists wo mean
wretches who are destroying the system of
slavery by sword, and by fire, and devasta
tion. The fiends of hell are more humane
and noblo. They are hastening the over
throw of slavery by bringing on, not only
on the boutb, but the public, great tnbula
tion. The devils in human shape abound
in this city, and call themselves Secession
ists, Southern Rights men, Fire Eaters and
J3T The shades of night had long since
past, as to our sanctum hurried last, a
youth who bore, mid mint and ice, some
straws immersed in liquids nice supreme
ly. Ie Gods and diminutive minnows,
what a nectar impiration ! Tell thundering
Jove with the ambrosial locks that nothing
half so sweet, crewbile did drip from the
golden fount of tho mythical Lager beer
girl. No, sir, never a time !
B& An Englishman and Yankee being
in promiscuous company, the latter was so
much struck with some bold air sung by
the former, that he asked the name of it.
" Oh nothing but the tune the old cow
died on," was the response." The Yankee
struck up Yankee Doodle. h What tune is
that ?" asked his companion. " This is the
tune old bull died on !" was the prompt
JST Somebody, who writes more truth
fully than poetically, says "An Angel
now-adjys without onev is not thouzbt so
much of as a devil with a bag of guinea."
CAUSE OF HEALTH AND VIGOR.
The following, from the Manchester,
(Eng.) Alliance JSeics, describes the habits
of a distinguished literary veteran, William
Howitt, who has retained remarkable health
and vigor, both of mind and body :
" I am temperate because I have felt and
seen the good policy of it. As a literary
man, if I had fnllcn in with ordinary literary
habits, I should not have boeu sitting hero
to-day to write about tho advantages of
temperance. If I had lived as the majority
of literary men of this ajjo, as " a man
about town ;" if I had lived in town, and
kept the usual late hours, and passed even
ing after evening in hot, crowded rooms,
breathing the deadly poison of physical
ellluiia, gas, aud air deprived of its ozone ;
if I had sat over the bottle at late suppers,
foolishly called dinners ; and, in short, had
"jollified," as ray liteiary cotemporariea
call it, I should have been gone thirty
" As it is, I have seen numbers of liter
ary men, much younger than myself, dying
off like rotten sheep somo of them in
their very early youth, few of them becom
ing old. Ihey have acquired great reputa
tions; fort if you take notice, they who
collect about the press, and jollify with ono
another, and cry up one another as prodigies,
are tho men who become most popular ;
and verily they have their reward.'
"They reap much money, and much
temporary fame, but at what price do they
purchase it : At the co3t of bodily as well
as mental comfort; at the cost of life itself.
For my part, seeing tho victims to fast
life daily falling around mc, I have will
ingly abandoned the temporary advantages
of such a life, and preferred less popularity,
less gains ; the enjoyment of a sound mind
in a sound body ; the blessings of a quiet,
domestic life, and a more restricted, but not
less enjoyable circle of society.
"I am now fast approaching my seventi
eth year. I cannot, indeed, say that I havo
reached this period, active and vigorous as
I nm, without the assistance of doctors. I
have had tho constant attendance of these
four famous ones: Temperance, Exercise,
Good Air and Good Hours.
" And now a word on work. Those who
imagine I only wag a goose quill mistake a
little. In that department, indeed, I hnvo
perhaps done as much work as any man
living. Often, in early year3, I labored
assiduously sixteen hours a day. X never
omit walking three or four miles, or more,
in all weather. I work hard in my garden,
and could tire down a tolerable man at that
sort of thing. During my two years' travel
in Australia, when about sixty, I walked,
often under a burning sun of 120 or 130
degrees at noon, my twenty miles a day
for days and weeks together ; worked at
digging gold, in great heat, and against
youug, active men, my twelve hours a day,
sometimes standing in a brook. I waded
through rivers for neither man nor nature
had made many bridges and ht my clothes
dry uyon my back : washed my own linen,
and made and baked my own bread before
I ate it; slept occasionally under the forest
tree, and through it ail was as hearty as a
" And how did I manage all this, not
with ease, but with enjoyment ? Simply
because I avoided spirituous liquors as I
would avoid the poison of an asp. Tho
horrors which I saw there from the drink
ing of spirits were enough to make a man
of the least senso sober. The extent to
which spirit-drinking was carried may bo
judged of by the unexampled fact that ono
year during my stay, 900,000 were paid
for dnty on spirits alono, and that for a
population of only 250,000 eouls ! Well,
then, I think I have a claim to recommend
to my fellow-workmen abstinence from beer,
spirts and tobacco, as tho great copartner
as tho very right hand of co-operation.
They are all poisoners of tho blood ; they
arc all burnt-offering3 unto death; they aro
all destroyers of tho bottom of our pocket;
and what is worse, destroyers of the peaco
of families, the constitution of men, tho
domestic comfort and virtue of women, tho
physical stamina and the very life of child
ren. They slay the morals of society, tho
intellects and the souls of men. As 1 read
daily the police reports and tho proceedings
of our criminal courts, I trace tho wide
spread pestilence of spirits, beer and tobac
co, in almost every outrage and misery.,
"All these inflame tho passions or be
cloud the intellect ; they originate robbery
of masters, and robbery of all kinds. They
strip their practicers of health, clothes,
morals and sanity ; they convert them into
madmen and devils. They fire the brain
with frenzy, and arm the hand with bludg
eons and knives against their own wives
and children. The great bulk of the crimes
and calamities of the people flow from tho
tap and the spigot !
"By this indulgence-surely the most
marvelous of infatuations ! an absurd ap
petite, ' set on fire of hell,' the peoplo
encouraged the Government to plunder
them most cruelly, in the shape of excise
duties. To furnish the Government with,
this doty, our working millions abandon
every duty of their own. They set up over
themselves a most terrible tyranny. They
keep open gin-shops at every corner, even
on Sunday evenings, when bookshops aaq
simple refreshment-rooms are not- allowed
to be open."
1 i i i
fST Wc carry our neighbors' crimes lay
eight, and throw our own over our shoulder,1
iTwun-n-n- r """"-" 'gggaaaaaaaaac
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