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'! u u. "i-s
CULTIVATION OF TOBACCO.
The following is from the California
Farmer, by a contributor who has had
an experience of several years in the
cultivation of tobacco :
"In order to grow strong tobacco
plants the ground must be well prepared
and worked very fine. In preparing the
seed-bed I have found that the best way
is to light a large fire on the ground ;
the soil is thus rendered loose and fria
ble, and is easily reduced very fine. If
it is not convenient to make a fire, mix
the earth with a large dose of wood
ashes and small charred dust. By this
means the ground becomes so loose that,
when the plants are ready for trans
planting, a good sprinkling from the
garden pot will make the ground so soft
that each plant will bring wun u asmau
ball of earth, which almost ensures the
plant's growing, and it must be borne
in mind that young tobacco plants re
ciuire very careful handling. It is bet
ter to have a large shallow basket or
box to carry the plants in when trans
planting, as by this means the plants
do not lose the ball of earth or get
bruised so much as if taken in the hand.
" The seed-bed being made fine with
the rake, take the seed and mix it well
with ten times (by bulk) as much fine
earth and ashes. This enables you to
sow the seed so thin that in drawing the
larger plants you do not disturb the
" The ground being well prepared
and the seed well mixed as directed,
proceed to sow, taking care to scatter
the seed as equally as possible. Do not
rake in the seed, but give the bed a
slight beating with the back of the
spade, and see that the earth does not
rise with the spado. Let the seed-bed
be in a sheltered situation. AYhen the
plants arc about the size cabbage plants
usually arc at transplanting, operations
may commence, making choice of a
cloudy or even a rainy day for the busi
ness. The gronnd for the crop must be
well worked and well manured with
decayed manure ; and it is better to
have two shingles or other pieces of
timber about six feet high, to stick on
end in the ground, meeting over the
plant so as to protect it from being
scorched by the noon-day sun or nipped
with the morning's frost. A light,
sandy soil suits the tobacco well, if well
worked and manured. In another com
munication I will explain tho summer
culture and gathering."
An old tobacconist of Sacramento
informs the Bee that all the California
tobacco he has seen has been spoiled in
curing. It is cured in houses which arc
so hot that the leaf is burned and de
stroyed. The entire substance is taken
out of it, and nothing but the coarse
vegetable matter left, without any or
scarcely any of the qualities of the
plant. And this, he says, must ever be
the result while the leaf is dried as it
has been here. He proposes that it be
dried under trees, through whose branch
es the sun docs not penetrate and thro'h
which the air can freely circulate, in
order that the leaf may not be bleached
of all its properties.
DRY GOODS HOUSE
A T LEA VENW OR THl
The ..undersigned Las opened a new
Wholesale & Retail
DRY GOODS HOUSE
At the Old Established Store,
No. 50 Delaware St. Bet. 2d & 3d.
Our Stock will be ENTIRELY NEW,
and, without enumerating, we would
say that it comprises
Everything in ibis Line!
crchants and Settlers of
Will do well to give us a call when they
R. C BRANT & Co.
AG EJTS WAWTMZB !
A CHAKCE TOR AIL WHO WISH TO
ANY PERSON SENDIMG 25 CENTS WILL
receive, postpaid, oae of the following
recipes : To make WESTERN CIDER, UNION
STICK STIGHT. ARTIFICIAL HONEY. LEA
THER POLLISH, SECRET ART OF CATCH
ING FISH ; oi for $1.00 I will send all five,
together -rich SEVENTY-ONE other recipe,
arts, an discoveries, with circular containing
terms to Agents. dAdress
J. W. LOGAN,
Box 12, Daalapsville,
Or, UBion county, Ind.
Box oi. Junction City,
Pivis County, Kansas.
S. FECHHEIMER A Co.
No. 50 Main Street,
HAVE IN STORE AND ARE
CXHSTST.AJSriX.Y BECETVINGr -A.
Varied Assortment of
HATS AND CAPS,
BOOTS ID IIS,
MANUFACTURE OUR OWN
Goods in Philadelphia, and can compete
II aBALITY AM PRICES
with any house vest of Cincinnati. The atten
tion of buyers is inviled to our stock, and a call
solicited before purchasing elsewhere.
S. FECHHEIMER & CO.
TO ALL OUR WESTERN FRIENDS,
And other?, as you come to mill, will want to
buv some Gog, Cheap for Cash, call at the
at the old stand.
No. 353 Foyntz Avenue .
117E HAVE JUST
e Philadelphia market, a large assort-
ment of Goods, consisting of
Div Gccds Clothing
Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps,
mm mssMW basks,
TOBACCO, TEA, SUGAR,
SOAP, GOAL OIL,
and other things too numerous to mention.
seaALSO. Aeents for Ayer'a Celebrated
All person desiring to invest Cash for
good Goods will please call and look through
our slock. JOHN PIPER & Co.
Manbattan, Dec. 25, 18G2.
THE UNION FOREVER
JOHN P. WILEY, of JUNCTION CITY,
keeps at his old stand,
The Claim Hcaise,
a eood assortment of DRY GOODS & GRO
CEIUES, and PROVISIONS, as well as BOOTS
and bHOES ; and he flatters himself, as he has
no rent, clerk, or hauling to pay, that he is
ible to sell as cheap as can be bought at the
retail houses in Leavenworth City.
Having traded in St. Louis with Morgan k
McClung to over $50,000, and with Hensley k
Russell, of Leavenworth City, and now selliag
(or prominent firms in Leavenworth, I flatter
myself that I am regarded as a prompt and
well posted man, prepared, if necessary to sell
goods for others on commission, on fair and
reliable terms, as well as to be able to sell
quite as cheap as they can be purchased in
Western Kansas. Farmers, bring on your
HIDES AND PRODUCE,
and exchange with me, and hunters, bring me
your FURS of all kinds, and I will prove my
proposition. I also keep a small amount of
LUMBER and COOPER STUFF
on hand for sale.
J. C. KENNETT,
Kenton, Davis County, Kansas.
Will promptly attend to all kinds of Sur
veying on terms to suit the times.
LAND AGENT, SURVEYOR,
JUNCTION CITY, KANSAS.
IAKD WARRANTS fr sale for
A CASH, and on time. Land Warrants
located. Collections made and Taxes paid for
LOKKSXO nOW. JOBS 0. OTIS.
DVW & OTIS,
Counsellors at Law.
Topeka, Kansas. nlni3
WATSON & BRACE,
wholesale dealers in
BOOTS AND SHOES,
CLQTHII& AID QDTtlTTIlC QBODS.
So. 12, Delaware street,
For Sale by
PAULDING'S CxrHALic Pills at
SMOKY MILL tEPlBUCAl illOI.
A WEEKLY EEFUP12CAH OTWSPAFEH,
DEVOTED TO THE HTE8XSTB OF
The success which has attended us during
the past year, as Bhown by onr increased cir
culation, in our securing so extensive an adter
Using patronage, and by the high encomiums
which have been received from the press and
people of the State for onr bold and indepen
dent course, ia defence of the Right, hate
satisfied the Publishers that the Usios is a
fixed and permanent institution of Western
While thanking our many patrons for the
bountiful support which they have given ns
and for the encouragement received by the
many compliments bestowed, we wonld ask a
continuance of their help in making the Union
a reflex of the prosperity and advancement
which is sure to attend the course of Western
Strictly identified with the interests or
Western Kansas, and well knowing its vast
resources, which are only awaiting the magic
hand of the capitalist and laborer to he fully
developed, and added to the growing wealth
of the country, we shall spare no pains or
energy to bring before the masses of the East
the great advantage of our country as a place
of settlement for the home-seeking immigrant.
Everything tending to induce capital to flow
hitherward for th development of our exten
sive Coal Fields and rich Salt Springs will
receive that particular attention which it
In politics, we shall pursue that course
which we believe justified by principles of
Right and Justice, and which tends to Human
Progress, Universal Liberty, and the free
pursuit of Happiness by all maukind.
The importance of having a full and com
plete local department we would not under
estimate, a ad we are again impelled to ask our
riends to ad i us in this matter give us
information of any thing transpiring in youi
neighborhood. We desire the Usios to be a
perfect history of this locality.
As we are unable to reduce the price of our
paper, and live by it, at the same time makiDg
it a useful institution, wc have concluded, in
view of the mighty interests involved in the
present struggle, to so arrange our terms as to
give our friends an opportunity of extending
our circulation in their localities:
One year 52 numbers -Six
months 2G numbers -Ten
copies, one year,
. 15 OQ
We would nppeal to our friends to aid us in
putting the Union in the hands of every man
in Western Kansas.
BLAKELY & MARTIN, Publishers.
MALE OR FEMALE AGENTS
LLOYD'S NSW STEEL PLATE COUNTY COL
ORED MAP OF THE UNITED STATES,
CANADAS, AND NEW BRUNSWICK.
From recent surveys, completed Aug. 10,
1862; cost 20,000 to engrave it and oneyear't
Superior to nny $10 map ever made by Col
ton or Mitchell, and sells at the low price of
fifty cents ; 370,000 names are engraved on this
It is not only a County Map, but it is also a
COUNTY AN. RAILROAD MAP
of the United States and Canadas combined in
EVERY RAILROAD STATION
and distance between.
Guarantee any woman or man $3 to $5 per
day, and will take back all maps that cannot
be sold and refund the money.
Send for SI worth to try.
Printed instructions how to canvass well,
furnished all our agents.
Wanted Wholesale Agents for our Maps in
cvere State, California, Canada, England,
France and Cuba. A fortune can be made
with a few hundred dollars dapital. No cox
petitioh. J. T. LLOYD, No. 134 Broadway,
The War Department uses our Map of Vir
ginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, cost $100
000, on whieh is marked Antietam Creek,
Sharpsb'g, Maryland Heights, Williamsscrt
Ferry, I- horersville, Noland's Ford, and all
others on the Potomac, and every other place
in Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, or
TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP OF KENTUCKY,
OHIO, INDIANA and ILLINOIS,
is the only authority for Gen. Buell and the
War Department Money refunded to anyone
finding an error in it.
Price 50 cents.
From the Tribune, Aug. 2.
"LLOYD'S MAP OF VIRGINIA, MARY
LAND AND PENNSYLVANIA This Map is
very large ; its cost is but 25 cents, and it is
THE BE8T WHICH CAN BE PUBCHA8ED."
LLOYD'S GREAT MAP OF THE MISSIS
SIPPI RIVER From Actual Surveys by Capts
Bart and Wm Bowen, Mississippi River Pilots,
of St, Louis, Mo., shows every man's planta
tion and owner's name fiom St. Louis to the
Gulf of Mexico 1,350 miles every sand-bar,
island, town, landing, and all places 20 miles
back from the river colored in couatiea and
States. Price, $1 in sheets, $2, pocket form,
and $2-50 on linen, with rollers. Ready Sept.
Navt DbtaBTXEst, Washixotow, Sept. 17, '62.
J. T. Lloyd Sir : SeBd me your Map of the
Mississippi River, with price per hundred cop
ies. Rear Admiral Charles H. Davis, command
ing the Mississippi squadron, is authorized to
purchase as many as are required for the use
of that squadron, GIDEON WELLES,
Secretary of the Navy.
Wm. H. McKlHLET,
Tenders his service to the people of DAVIS
aad adjoining coanties.
Refers to Uaiaa Ofice er to S. M. Stricklsr,
Jaactioa Citj, or to WM. H. McKINLlY,
n49-tf.) Kentoa, Davis O., Kasnt.
STAPLE AHD FANCY DM GOODS,
HOLLOW ML ITS AID SHOES. HATS AID CAR. IB. ETC..
Junction City, Kansas
HAVE MOVED INTO THEIR NEW JJRICK BUILDING ON
And in addition to tbeir present Stock of Goods will open an
ENTIRELY NEW AND WELL SELECTED STOCK.
Times having improved, tbey intend to keep a full and complete assortment of every
bing needed in ibis market. Every thing not on band when called for, will be
ordered on short notice.
together with every kind of staple Goods, such as
PRINTS, DENIMS, CHECKS, STRIPES, COTTONADES,
JEANS, BROWN & BLEACHED SHEETING SHIRTING.
MOWING SCYTHES, FORKS, &c
Tbcy will sell delusively FOR CASH, d ll lowest living price. Their
facilities are sucb that thej cannot be undersold in Western Kaosns.
S2IlgSffi SWB SMS) SFSa JBHS23 MB VM&Ml
Wholesale Dealer in
earn pub, um mi k k,
CORNER OF S11AWKEK AND THIRD STREETS,
My Stock consists in jiart of
FLOUR, MACKEREL, CANDLES, SUGAR, VIIITE FISH.
RAISINS, NAILS, SOAP, COFFEE, CANDIES,
GLASS, MOLASSES, CHEESE, TEAS, OILS, OYSTERS,
SARDINES, WIITELEAD, INDIGO, RICE, CORDAGE.
Jill Kinds cf Staple and Fancy
Everything umlly kept in a FIRST CLASS QUEENSWARE HOUSE. As I do
TOKHING BUSINESS principally, I have selected my Stock with the greatest care,
nd with a view to the wants of our Western People. MERCHANTS, and others
from the country, who study their own interest will find it to their advantage to giy
roe a call before purchasing. ORDERS for Queensware promptly filled and
Packed with the greatest caret and at the LOWEST CASH PRICES. Country Mer
c7an?s will plcase8take nonce that I AM SOLE AGENT for the Celehrated
I will pay the HIGHEST PRICE IN CASH for
HIDES, FURS, AND TALLOW.
Corner SJtaicnee and Third Sts., LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS.
of all kinds of
JUNCTION CITY, KANSAS.
COFFINS made with neatness and dispatch.
MATTRASSES of all kinds constantly on
hand. All orders filled on short notice.
School Books, Blank Books,
every description of
mm m wm paki.
-rT- T-vrrmrT? Gi5
VI UIUWAU SIKLtl, nil. w - --,
THE HIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR RAGS.
JUSTICE' BLANKS f all kinds
f ok mi ai smis ernes
For Sale by HALL.
S. M. STRICKLER.
- ymm9 SS1WJ9
State of Kansas,
3d Judicial District,
Wm. H. Terrell and
To Wm. II. Terrel and Win. Mcintosh:
You arc hereby notified that on Monday, the
2d day of March, A. D. 1863, at 10 o'clock, A.
M., I will, upon the premises, levy on and hare
appraised according to law, the following de
scribed Real Estate, with the appurtenances
thereunto belonging, to-wit: The south-west
quarter of the south-east quarter, and lots two
and three, in section four, in township number
twelve, south of range number six east, in
Davis county, State of Kansas. Said Real Es
tate will be levied on and appraised by virtue
of an Order of Sale tome directed and deliver
ed, issued out of the 3d District Court for Davis
county and others attached, in the 'State of
Kansas, in favor of Paul Kramer, and against
Wm H. Terrell and Wm. Mcintosh, for the sum
of three hundred and fourteen dollars ($314.),
with interest on the same at the rate of ten per
cent per annum, from March the 5th 18C1, U-gether-with
costs ; at which time and place you
can attend if youhink proper.
Given under my hand at office in the city of
Junction, this the 7th day of February, A. D.,
18G3. A. W. CALLEX,
nl5-5tpf39. Sheriff of Davis Co."
Stove & Tinner's
NO- 51 DELAWARE 8T., XKAR THIRD
IELA."TEN WORTH, KANSAS.
VERY THING REQUISITE IN THESE
Branches of'BBsineca mmlntl tin kauri
Tinners earn bay their goods 'of me' as cheap as
in St. Loris. Having an 'extensive workshop,
particular attentioa given to the WHOLESALE
TRADE. Orders solicited
F. R. MERK.
MRS. 8. M. STRICKLER,
of Junction, Agent for "
Wheeler & "Wilson's
Wheeler $ Wilson's
HAVE WON THE
at the Fair of the
U. S Agricultural
And at the State Fairs of Maine, Vermont,
New York, Pennsylvania, Mississippi,
Ohio, Illinois, Michigan.Connecticut,
New Jersey, Virgifpa, Missouri,
Indiana, Kentucky, Wiscon
sin and California.
We prefer them for Family Use. N. Y. Trio.
They are the Favoihe for Families. New"
It has No Rival Scientific American.
There are 8&.000 Machines in use in thi?
conntry and in Europe.
This Machine is Profitable and Available a
It is equal to Ton Scamsti esses.
An Annual Dividend of 100 to 300 per cent
(on its cost) may be obtained in use by it
'I his is the only Scwinsr Machine in the world
making the Lock-Stitch with the Rotating Hook
and using the Glass -Foot.
1 he Sales of the Wheeler & Wilson Machine
in the single year of 1851 amounted to 10,727 ;:
being 3692 more than the combined sales of all1
other Sewing Machines.
No. 1. Medium, on Table,
No. 2. Improved Black, on Table
No. 8. Black on Table,
No. 4. Large Machine,
No 5. Cylinder Machine, s
Instructions will be given to all persons wish
ing to learn the use of the Machine, whether
thry become purchasers or not.
?To Ministers of the Gospel and for
Charitable Purposes, the Machine are sold at
From the Celebrated Manulactory of George
A. Prince & Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
Of Prince's Melodeons have been finished and
ire now in use.
,' he First Premium has uniformly been
awarded io these instruments wherever cxhib
ited in competition with others.
ew Organ Melodcon (for churches) $350 00
Double B.tnk. Double Heed Melodeon, 150.00
I'iano Style, Double Itced Melodeon, 150,00
Piano Style, Six Octave Melodeon, 130,00
Double Reed,FiveOctac Pori.Melodeon,130,00
Five Octave, Porcable Melodeon, 75.00
Four and a half Octave Port. Melcdeon G0.0O
Four Octave Portable Melodeon, 45.00
HgT Messrs. THOMPSON, WOODRUFF k
Jo., of Leavenworth, are the Sole Agents for
'vansas of these justly cclebra.ed instruments.
They have given the sub-agency to Mrs. S. M.
Stuickleb, who will secure an instrument for
my person who wishes to purchase at the pub
ibhed prices. June 2G, 1SG2.
THOMPSON, WOODRUFF & Col
Exclusively Wholesale Dealers in
FOREIGN AM DOMESTIC DRY GOODS.
To the Merchants of
KANSAS. COLORADO. AND NORTH
Wc are now openin , direct from the manufac
turer A LAME STOCK OF
ON MAIN STREET, BETWEEN SHAW
NEE AND DELAWARE,
(Old St.tnd of Lucns fc Donaghy.)
We would call the attention of all to our Mam
moth Stock before makin purchases elsewhere.
In onr stock will be found all rades of
BROWN SHEETINGS. DENIMS,
and the latest and mo3t desirable styles of
PRINT j, Delaines & LAtfNS.
A very extensive stock of
All oj xchich tee offer at
Unprecedented Low Friceiy
WE WILL WOT RETAIL,
hence offer to dealers the benefit accruing from
m TOTffeiT-ffiarr'WiS 5M1T2
THOMPSON, WOODRUFF & Co..
Main Street, bet. Shawnee and Delaware,
Groceries, Provisions, Clothing, Dry Good,
lists and Caps. Boots and Shoes, t
gether with everything usual
ly kept in a first class
WILL recive every description of Country
Produce in exchange for goods, such as
wheat, corn, oats, pork, tallow, hides, potatoes,
tarnips, onions, ia fact nearly every thing that m
1-. Missouri money takes at par pre
sented soos. nltf
FRUIT TREES FOR SAIiE.
''he subscriber has oh hand FIFTY THOU&.
I AND APPLE TREES, or welit-smectid
varieties, as well as a quantity of Peath, Locust
kc, ke , which he offers cheap for cash, or,
will exchange for cows, young stoek or grain,
at reasonable prices. HIRAM BBAL,
Ashland Nursery, Davis Co., Kaasas. n461y.
FINE ASSORTMENT OF COAL OIL
Lnaatpfllhe CITY DRUG STORE.