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PACTS ABOUT SHEEP.
Sheep Tvere created at about the same
time -with man ; and for his express use
to lead him from barbarism and war
to peace and industry.
On the rolling prairies of the Orient'
sheep formed the principal wealth of the
The fleece-bearing flocks did not em
igrate from South-western Europe and
cross the Rhine until the fall of the
The keeping of sheep is one of the
primitive and most common of human
The most important breed of sheep as
regards the texture of the wool is the
Merino patriachal in origin, and the
stock of all the fine wooled sheep. In
the Pyrenees four shepherds and six
large dogs are sufficient for two thous
In Spain the average fleece is four to
The number of sheep in the British
Mands from 1830 to 18G0 has varied
from thirty to fifty-five millions.
Tho Spanish Merino was brought to
this country in 1802 by David Hum
phreys, minister to the Court of Ma
drid ; the French Merino by Mr. Tain
tor, of Hartford, in 1846.
In this country the male Merinos
yield ten to sixteen pounds of washed
wool, and the females four to eight.
The best breeds are considered to be
the VermontBrewer and Atwood flocks.
The Northern States raise the best
sheep for mutton, the middle and South
ern for wool. Sheep will thrive where
most other animals would starve.
In 1840 there were about 19,330,000
sheep in the United States ; 21,760,000
in 1850, and 25,000,000 in 1860, or
less than half of the number in Great
Britain. We raise only one-third of the
wool raised in this country, and thus
lose thirty millions of dollars annually,
which would be saved if our farmers
kept a full supply of sheep.
New York City eats fifteen thousand
sheep a week. Conservative.
Here is a mooted point, with some
thing to be said on both sides. Certain
theorists declare that a tree should not
be pruned at the time of transplanting,
bcacuse it needs the branches to elabor
ate material for new roots. The roots
are weakened just in proportion as the
top is diminished. Leave on the tops,
it is said, until the roots are partly re
stored, then, (say the year after remov
al) give tho top a moderate pruning.
That a tree closely pruned looks bad,
nobody will deny. On the other hand,
it is replied, every newly dug trjee has
many of its roots cut off or mangled,
and we must diminish the top in order
to maintain the balance of the parts ;
otherwise the superabundant branches
will sump the feeble roots dry. With
care, a tree may be transplanted with
out pruning : but experience shows that
one suitably shortened in will recover
from the shock of removal, and make a
more vigorous growth in three years,
than one not pruned. If small trees
are taken up with care, and immediately
set out in the same garden, they may
require little or no shortening in. This
is often done by nurserymen. But trees
taken up in haste, and in the rough,
bungling way often practiced, and then
exposed to sun and wind, one, two, or
more days, can hardly be expected to
live without vigorous pruning. Better
prune at this time, and seldom use the
USES OF COAL OIL.
A correspondent of the Valley Far
mer, speaking of kerosene, says :
I find it to be the best liniment in use
lor all kinds of cuts, bruises, strains or
sores. As to its efficacy in rheumatism
my experience does not reach ; but I
should think it good and at least worthy
of a trial.
It is an excellent remedy for a tick
ling cough at night. Rub it on the big
joint of the neck, before going "to bed.
it is also cood to clean out a
loosening the powder very quick.
A correspondent of the Scientific
American says : After using lard oil for
several years as a lubricator for our null
machinery, we have abandoned its use
for coal oil, which we find to anwer full
as well, and at but one-third of the ex
pense. It seems to wear as well, and
does not gum up like lard oil. For
large journals and saw slides, I use a
composition of tallow and coal oil, va
rying the proportions to suit the season.
1 know nothing superior to this compo
sition for wagons and buggies; it is
similar to a wagon grease sold in mar
ket, and will wear better than anything
I have yet found.
LORENZO DOW. JOHN G. OTIS.
DOW & OTIS,
COUKSELLORS AT IiAW. .
Toptfea, KftDllg. nlniS
S. FECHIIEIM ER & Co.
No. 50 Main Street,
HAVE IN STORE AND ARE
CONST-AJC1X.Y RECEIVING- A.
Varied Assortment of
Heady M a d e
HA. TS AND CAPS,
BOOTS ID SHOES
MTB MANUFACTURE OUR OWN
v Goods in Philadelphia, and can compete
ii aiuTY jus phis
with nny house west of Cincinnati. The atten
tion of buyers is invited to our stock, and a call
solicited before purcbasmg elsewhere.
S. FECriHEIMER & CO.
TO ALL OUR WESTERN FRIENDS,
And other?, as you come to mill, "will want to
buy some Goods, Cheap for Cash, call at the
at the old stand,
No. 353 Poyntz Avenue.
WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED FROM
the Thiladelphia market, a large assort'
meat of Goods, consisting of
Drv Goods Clothing
Hardware, Que ens ware,
Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps,
TOBACCO, TEA, SUGAR,
SOAP, GOAL OIL,
nnd other things too numerous to mention.
BgALSO. Agents for Ayer's Celebrated
All person desiring to invest Cash for
good Goods will please call and look through
our slock. JOHN HPER & Co.
Manhattan, Dec. 25, 18G2.
J. C. KENNETT,
C ounty Surveyor,
Kenton, Davis County, Kaiisas.
Will promptly attend to all kinds of Sur
vejing on terms to suit the times.
LWD AGEJT, SURVEYOR,
JUNCTION CITY, KANSAS.
rAM WARRANTS for sale for
i CASH, and on time. Land Warrants
located. Collections made and Taxes paid for
A CHANCE FOR ALL WHO WISH TO
ANY PERSON SENDIMG 25 Cf&TS WILL
receive, post paid, one of Ihe following
recipes: To make WESTERN CIDER, UNION
STICK STIGHT. ARTIFICIAL HONEY. LEA
THER POLLISH, SECRET ART OF CATCH
ING Fisn ; oi for $1.00 I will send all five,
together wich SEVENTY-ONE other recipes
arts, an' discoveries, with circular containing
terms to Agents. dAdres9
J. W. LOGAN, u
Box 12, DunlapsVUle,
Or, Union county, Ind.
Box 34, Junction City,
Da. vis County, Kansas.
FRED. P. DbjW,
Junction. City, Kaneae.
JAMES B. DAVIS,
Manufacturer and Dealer in
Of every style and Description,
A Large Assortment of
WOOD COFFIIS AD HETAIUC GASES
Constantly on band.
66 Delaicare Strcel,bet. Second and Third,
JOHN II. KARNAN,
WASHINGTON STREET, JUNCTION CUT.
and all kinds of
Tin Wr,Shet Iron, Sec.
A supply of everything in hit line sufficient
for the wants of this neighborhood.
Repairing done on the shortest notice, nltf
O PAULDING'S CerHAtic Pills at
SHQKY IIU & BEF1BUEA1 I1I0I.
A WEEKLY EBFUFLICAN KEWSFAFBB,
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF
The success which has attended us during
the past year, as shown by our increased cir
culation, in our securing so extensive an adter.
Using patronage, and by the high encomiums
which have been received from the press and
people of the State for our bold and indepen
dent course, ia defence of the Bight, have
satisfied the Publishers that the Union is a
fixed and permanent institution of Western
While thanking our many patrons for the
bountiful support which they have given usj
and for the encouragement received by the
many compliments bestowed, we would ask a
continuance of their help in making the Union
a reflex of the prosperity and advancement
which is sure to attend the course of Western
Strictly identified with the interests of
Western Kansas, and well knowing its vast
resources, which are only awaiting the magic
hand of the capitalist and laborer to he fully
developed, nnd added to the growing wealth
of the country, we shall spare no pains or
energy to bring before the masses of the East
the great advantage of our country as a place
of settlement for the home-Beeking immigrant.
Everything tending to induce capital to flow
hitherward for the development of our exten
sive Coal Fields and rich Salt Springs will
receive that particular attention which it
In politics, wo shall pursue that course
which we believe justified by principles of
Right and Justice, and which tends to Human
Progress, Universal Liberty, and the free
pursuit of Happiness by all mankind.
The importance of having a full and com
plete local department we would not under
estimate, and we are again impelled to ask our
riends to nidus in this matter give us
information of any thing transpiring in your
neighborhood. We desire the Union to be a
perfect history of this locality.
As we are unable to reduce the price of our
paper, and live by it, at the same time making
it a useful institution, we have concluded, in
view of the mighty interests involved jn the
present struggle, to so arrange our terms as to
give our friends an opportunity of extending
our circulation in their localities :
One year 52 numbers -
Six months 26 numbers -
Ten copies, one j'ear, ...
We would appeal to our friends to aid ui in
putting the Umon in the hands of every man
in Western Kansas.
BLAKELY & MARTIN, Publishers.
MALE OR FEMALE AGENTS
LLOYD'S NSW STEEL TLATE COUNTY COL
ORED MAP OF THE UNITED STATES,
CANADAS, AND NEW BRUNSWICK.
From recent surveys, completed Aug. 10,
1802; cost $20,000 to engrave it and one year's
Superior to any $10 map ever made by Col
ton or Mitchell, and sells at the low price of
fifty conts ; 270,000 names are engraved on this
It is not only a County Map, but it is also a
COUNTY ANl RAILROAD MAP
of the United States and Canadas combined in
EVERY RAILROAD STATION
and distance between.
Guarantee any woman or man $3 to $5 per
day, and will take back all maps that cannot
be sold and refund the money.
Send for $1 worth to try.
Printed instructions how to canvass well,
furnished all our agents.
Wanted Wholesale Agents for our Maps in
evero state, camomi.i, uanaaa, r.ngiand,
France and Cuba. A fortune can be made
with a few hundred dollars dapital. No com
petition. X T. LLOYD, No 134 Broadway,
The War Department uses our Map of Vir
ginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, cost $100
000, on whieh is marked Antietam Creek,
Sharpsbvrg, Maryland Heights, Williamssort
Ferry, i horersville, JNoIana a tora, and all
others on the Potomac, and every other place
in Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, or
TOPOGRAPHICAL MAl OF KENTUCKY,
OHIO, INDIANA and ILLINOIS,
in the only authority for Gen. Buell and the
War Department Money refunded to anyone
finding an error in it.
Price 50 cents.
From the Tribune, Aug. 3.
"LLOYD'S MAP OF VIRGINIA, MARY
LAND AND PENNSYLVANIA This Map is
very large ; its cost is but 25 cents, and it is
TUB BEST WHICH CAN BE PURCHASED."
LLOYD'S GREAT MAP OF THE MISSIS
SIPPI RIVER From Actual Surveys by Capts
Bart' and Wm. Bowen Mississippi River Pilots,
of St, Louis, Mo., shows every man's planta
tion and owners name xtom at. Louis to the
Gulf of Mexico 1,350 miles every sand-bar,
island, town, landing, and all places 20 miles
back from the river colored in counties and
States. Trice, $1 in sheets, $2, pocket form,
and $2.50 on linen, with rollers. Ready Sept.
Navt Department, Washington, Sept. 17, '62.
J. T. Lloyd Sib: 8end meyoar Map of the
Mississippi River, with price per hundred cop
ies. Rear Admiral Charles H. Davis, cemmand
ing the Mississippi squadron, is authorised to
purchase as many as are required for the ue
of that squadron. GIDEON WELLES,
Secretary of the Navy.
Wm. H. McKIKLEY,
.TiaftrckisJerTicMio tkeptople tf DAVIS
and sdjoiaiag coantias.
TERMS REASONABLE. ,
Refers to UBio"Office or to 8. M. Striekler,
Jwctie City, or t WM. H: MeM5LEY,
nl?-tf.) Kenton, Drris Co., Kansas.
STAPLE ANDJANCY DM GOODS,
HOLLOW fill. ITS AN HE, I&TS AID CAPS. IQTI01S. ETC..
Junction City Kansas
HAVE MOVED INTO THEIR NEW BRICK BUILDING ON
And in addition to their present Stock of Good3 will open an
ENTIRELY NEW AND WELL SELECTED STOCK.
Times having improved, they intend to
thing needed in this market. Every
ordered on ehort notice.
together with every kind of staple Goods, such as
PRINTS, DENIMS, CHECKS, STRIPES, COTTONADES,
JEANS, BROWN & BLEACHED SHEETING SHIRTING.
MOWING SCYTHES, FORKS, &c
They will sell exclusively FOR CASH, and at the lowest living price. Their
facilities are such that they cannot be undersold in Western Kansas.
E2SS232 2PSSS1E PASS) S1! EfflBBB M$ VffiMm
CORNER OF SHAWNEE
m m w
My Stock consists in part of
FLOUR, MACKEREL, CANDLES, SUGAR, WHITE FISH.
RAISINS, NAILS, SOAP, COFFEE, CANDIES,
GLASS, MOLASSES, CHEESE. TEAS, OILS, flYiSTERS,
SARDINES, WIITELEAD, INDIGO, RICE, CORDAGE.
Jill Kintls of Staple ami Fancy
Everything usually kept in a FIRST CLASS QUE ENS WARE HOUSE. .
JOBBING BUSINLSS principally, I have selected my Stock with the grea
and with a view to the wants of our estern
frora the country, who study their own interest, will nnd it to tbeir advantage to giyc
me a call before purchasing.- ORDERS for Queensware promptly filled and
packed with the greatest care, and at the LOWEST CASH PRICES. Country Mer
chants will please take notice that I AM SOLE AGENT for the Celebrated
I will pay the HIGHEST PRICE IN CASH for
HIDES, FURS, AND TALLOW.
Comer Shaicnee and Third Sis., LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS.
of all 7cinds of
JUNCTION CITY, KANSAS.
COFFINS made with neatness and dispatch.
MATTRASSES of alt kinds constantly on
band. All orders filled on. short notice.
DKAKK BKOf HERS,
School Books, Blank Books,
every description of
PIIITIie AD WR AFNIC TAP Ei,
67 Delaware street, bet. 3o & 4th,
THE HIGHEST PRICE PAID FOR RAGS.
rlTICES' BLANKS ! all kM
rK baiji at rwii amc
For Sale by
S. M. STRICKLER.
keep a full and complete assortment of every
thing not on hand when called for, will he
, It, h,
AND TniRD STREETS,
As I do n
People. MERCHANTS, and other.-
State of Kansas, ") Paul Kramer,
3d Judicial District,
i w m. u. xerreu ana
Davis County. J. William Mcintosh.
To Wm. H. Terrel and Wm. Mcintosh:
You are hereby notified that on Monday, the
2d day "of March, A. D. 1863, at 10 o'clock, A.
M., I will, upon the premises, levy on and have
appraised according to- law, the following de
scribed Real Estate, with the appurtenances
thereunto belonging, to-wit: The south-west
quarter pf the south-east quarter, and Jots two
and three, in section four, in township number
twelve, south of range number six east, in
Davis county, State of Kansas. Said Real Es
tate will be levied on and appraised by virtue
of an Order of Sale to me directed and deliver
ed, issued out of the 3d District Courtfor Davis
county and others attached, in the State of
Kansas, in favor of ram Kramer, and against
n m 11. Terrell and Wm. Mcintosh, for the pum
of three hundred and fourteen dollars ($314.),
with interest on the same at-the rate of ten per
cent per annum, from March the 5th 1861, to
gether with costs; at which time and place you
can attend if you think proper.
Given under my hand at office in the city of
Junction, this the 7th day of February, A. D,
1863. A. W. CALLEN;
nl5-5tpfS9. Sheriff of Davis Co.
Stove & Tinner's
VO. 51 DELAWARE ST.. KEIR THIRD
EVERYTHING REQUISITEJN THESE
Branches-of Bnsfmjflfr constantly on hand.
I Tinners can.buy their goods , of Be a cheap as
1 in St. Locis. Having aiteajfcr workshop,
particular aucuuon given IO Ul W nULttiS AUU
TiUDE. OrderrtoHcitttr. I
F. R. MERE.
SIRS. S. M. STRICKLER,
of Junction, Agent for
"WTieeler & "Wilson's
Wheeler Sr Wilson's
HAVE WON THE
at the Fair of the
U. S Agricultural
And at the State Fairs of Maine, Vermont,
New York, Pennsylvania, Mississippi,
Ohio, Illinois, Michigan,Coonecticut,
New Jersey, Virginia, Missouri,
Indiana, Kentucky, Wiscon
sin and California.
We prefer them for Family Use. N. Y. Trib.
Thej are the Favoiite for Families. New
It has No RiTal Scientific American.
There are 85,000 Machines in use in this
country and in Europe.
This Machine is Profitable and Available a
It is equal to Ten Seamsti esses.
An Annual Dividend of 100 to 500 per cent,
(on its cost) muy be obtained in use by its
'lhis is the oaly Sewing Machine in the world
making the Lock-Stitch with the HotatingUook
and using the Glass-Foot.
Ihe Sales of the Wheeler & Wilson Machine
in the tingle year of 1S51 amounted to 10,727;
being 3692 more than the combined sales of all
oiher Sewing Machines.
No. 1. Medium, on Table, - $l5 00
No. 2. Improved Black, on Table 55 00
No. 3. Black on Table, - - 45.00"
No. 4. Large Machine, - - 75 00
No 5. CjliuJcr Machine, 85,00
Instructions will be given to all persons wish
ing to learn the use of the Machine, whether
they become purchasers or not.
JBa!?To Ministers of the Gospel and for
Charitable Purposes, the Machine are sold at
From tho Celebrated Manulactory of George
A. Prince & Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
Of Prince's Melodcons have been finished and
ire now in use.
ngjt'lhc First Premium has uniformly been
lwaiiied io these instruments wherever exhib
ited in competition with others.
New Orgin Melodeon (for churches)
Double Bank. Double Heed Melodeon,
Piauo Stle, Double Bced Melodeon,
''i.ino StIe. Six Octave Melodeon.
Double Keed.Fitu Octave Port.Melodeon.lSO.OO
Five Octave, Portable Melodeon, 75.00
Four and a half Octae Port. Melrdeon 60.00
Four Octave Portable Melodeon, 45.00
6ST Messrs. THOMPSON. WOODRUFF &
Co , of Leavenworth, are the Sole Agents for
Kansas of these justly celebra.ed instruments.
They have given the sub-agency to Mrs. S. M.
Stiucklf.r, who will secure an instrument for
in person who wishes to purchaic at the pul4
lished prices. June 2(5, 18C2. "
THOMPSON, WOODRUFF & Co.
Exclusively Whohvalc Dialers in
FGBEIKN AMD EOMESTIC DRY ROODS.
YJUKE E .VO TIOJSTS!
To the Merchants of
KANSAS. COLORADO. AND NORTII
We are now opeuin , direct from the manufac
turers, A LAME STOCK OF
ON MAIN STREET, BETWEEN SHAW
NEE AND DELAWARE,
(Old Stnnd of Lucis x Donnghy.)
We would call the attention of nil to our Mam-
moth Stock before niakin purchases elsewhere.
In our stock will be found all rudes of
BROWN SHEETINGS. DENIMS,
and the latest and most desirable styles of
PRINT j, Delaines & LA INS.
A very extensive stock of
All of ichich tee offer at
Unprecedented Low Prices -y
' WE WILL IOT RETAIL,
hence offer to dealers the benefits accruing from.
MS gs32viS mmmm
THOMPSON, WOODRUFF Jb Oo..
Main Street, bet Shawnee and Delaware,
Groceries, Provisions, Clothing, Dry Goods-,
Hats 'and Caps Boots and Shoes, to
gether with everything usuali
ly kept in a first class
TT7ILL recive every description of Country
VV Prmlnio in cvn'konTa fnr trnodst. inch .
wheat, corn, oats, pork, tallow, bides, potatoes,
turnips, onions, in tact neariy ocrj miug uui
m.Missouri money taken at par pre
seated soon. Bl"
FRUIT TREES FOR SALE.
rfhe subscriber has on hand FIFTY THOTJS.
I a V D APPLE TREES, or wbll-selectid
varieties, as well as a quantity of Peach, Locust
&c, &c . wiiiefe ae oners caeap lor caen, oiu
will exchange for cows, youag stock or grain,
at reasonable price. HIRAM BEAL,
Ashland Nursery, Davis Co., Kansas. a461y.
FINE ASSORTMENT OF COAL OIL
Lntnatpslhe CITY DRUG STORB,