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ilfgwfc'. 3 -55?
The Fall Planting of Fruit Trees.
It is a question often asked, which is
the best time to plant trees, the fall or
the spring ? As a general rule, vre an
swer fall. Ther arc some situations
where it might be advisable to defer
planting until spring, but on any land
suitable for an orchard no injury will
result from fall planting. In a heavy,
wet, retentive soil, such an one as no
intelligent planter would occupy with
trees, it would sometimes prove destruc
tive to trees on account of tne undue
quantity of water about the roots ; but
death to trees in such soil would be no
loss, as they never would make healthy
trees if they did survive. Fall plant
ing, then, in soil suited to fruit, may
be considered the best. In the fall, as
a general rule, there is more time to de
vote to thoroughly preparing the ground
for the reception of trees and no man
can afford to slight his trees in planting.
Tree planting is one of the things that
it is most profitable to do well. The
ground for an orchard should dry nat
urally, and it would be well if the
ground had been occupied the previous
season with some crop that had killed
the grass and mellowed the soil. Noth
ing is more important in preparing for
planting trees than deep plowing or
spading. In order to have a permanent
and fruitful orchard, strong and vigor
ous trees must be grown. A tree poor
ly planted grows but slowly (if at all)
and cannot possibly produce a crop of
After the ground has been thoroughly
pioweu, let tlie holes be dug broad and
deep, and then fill up with good surface
soil, so that when tliotreo is planted it
will stand just as deep as it grew in the
Avoid long spindling trees, and se
lect tree3 with strong stocks and low
heads. One of the advantages of fall
planting is, that the trees will send out
new rootlets in the spring before the
ordinary time of planting ; another is,
the ground becomes settled around the
roots so as to leave it in almost the
same condition it was before transplant
ing, except the reduction of some of the
roots. I believe a tree planted in the
fall will invariably "stand more drouth
the first season after transplanting than
one planted in the spring, for the rea
son that the roots grew some before the
time for spring planting, and the result
is the tree Jias more roots when the dry
weather comes and is better prepared to
withstand it. If the first summer sho'd
be seasonable it makes but little differ
ence, but if dry, fall planting has the
preference. B. G. S.
Piccalilli is a mixiuro of all kinds of
pickles. Select pickles, from tho salt
brine, of a uniform size and of various
colors, as small cucumbers, button on
ions, small bunches of cauliflowers, car
rots cut in fanciful shapes, radishes,
radish-pods, bean-pods, cayenne-pods,
mace, ginger, olives, limes, grapes,
strips of horse radish, &c.
Arrange your selection tastefully in
.glass jars, and pour over them a liquor
prepared in the following manner: To
one gallon of white wine vinegar add
8 tablcspoonfuls of salt, 8 of mustard
flour, 4 of ginger, 2 of pepper, 2 of
allspice, 2 of tumeric, and boil all to
gether one minuce; the mustard and
tumeric must be mixed together by vin
egar before they are put into the liiquor;
when the liquor has boiled, pour it into
a pan, cover it closely, and when it has
become cold, pour it into the jars con
taining the pickles ; cover the jars with
cork and bladder and let them stand six
months, when they will contain good
Piccalilli is an excellent accompani
ment to many highly seasoned dishes ;
if well put up it will keep for years.
If you like oil in the Piccalilli, it sho'd
Jbe braided with the vinegar, and added
with them to the boiling liquor.
Few persons understand the proper
ingredients, and exact proportions, to
make a suitable pickle for curing hams.
This is the reason why such information
is useful. The desideratum is to cure
the meat, so that it will keep in hot
weather, with the use of as little salt as
possible. Pickle made in the following
manner, it is believed, will accomplish
this: 1 3-4 lbs. of salt coarse or
.alum salt is the best. 1-2 oz. saltpetre.
1 pint of molasses, or 1 lb. of brown
sugar. 1 teaspoonful of saleratus.
Let these be added to one gallon of
water, and the amount increased in the
same proportions to make the quantity
required. Bring the liquor to a boil.
Let the pickle, cool, and pour it over the
meat until entirely covered. The meat
should bo packed in clean, tight casks,
and should remain in the pickle six or
seven weeks, when it will be jfit to
smoke. Green, hickory wood is the;
Jest article for this purpose. Shoulders
prepared in the same way are nearly as
good as hams. This pickle is just the
thing to make nice corned beef, or corn
ed "beef tongues, or any lean meat for
STATE OP KANSAS,
Executive DErAimiBStf. J
Tn the observance of a universal custom,
as old as the Commonwealths of the Union,
I, Thomas Carney, Governor of the State
of Kausas, Jo hereby designate aud set
T,liiJr5aay- the 26th tlay ofNoremVr,
next, as a day of Thanksgiving and Prayer,
The year now drawing to a close ha3 been
one of groat prosperity to the people of this
State. We have been blessed with gonial
skies and fruitful fields. Abundant har
vests have compenated the labors of the
hu-.b:itulinan. In the midst of a depopu
lating ami burdensome war, our population
has steadily increased, and our material in
terets hac Leon advanced.
On the day thus set apart, let us assem
ble in our customary pbces of wor-hip and
render tlmiiks to Almighty God for the
numberless blessing- and mercies which
have crowned the year ; for the diwne
wisdom which has directed, and the divine
power which has protected us.
Let ua be thankful for the success which
has attended our national arms ; for the
preservation of our noble Government j for
the humiliation of its rebellious enemies,
and, above all, for the brightening promise
of universal Freedom.
Let us remember those whom the calam
ities of honorable warfare and the atrocities
of merciless fiends have afflicted j to the
widowed and orphaned let us extend our
liberality, and in their behalf invoke the
support, guidance and protection of Diviue
Finally, let us humbly acknowledge out
manifold sins as a people, and pray God to
preserve us from national decay ; to sustain
our rulers, and crown our arms with victory
such a victory as shall ensure permanent
tranquility to the country, and freedom to
In testimony whereof I have hereunto
set my hand and caused the great seal of
the State to be affixed. Done at Topeka,
this twenty-fourth day of October, A. D.
18G3. THOMAS CARNEY.
The Journal of the Kansas State Agricultur
al Society will be published MONTHLY, com
mencing with May, '03.
Each number will contain at least twenty
four pages (octavo) of reading matter, composed
principally of such portions of the transac
tions of the State and county Societies and
communications on the subject of Agricul
ture ix all its branches. Mechanical and
Household Arts and Industry, and Natural
History, as may require early publication.
All premiums offered and awards made by
the State Society will appear in its columns.
Officers of county Societies and the people
generally arc earnestly invited to contribute
to its columns.
Arrangements have already been made for
valuable (and brief) essays upon Texas or
Spanish Fever in cattle a complete cure, and
also upon Grape, Tobacco, and Hemp cultuic,
Stock Breeding, Wool Growing, &c, &c.
To place The Kansas .Farmer within the
reach of all, the subscription price has been
FIFTY CENTS A YEAR!
Or to clubs of ten or more at forty cents
per year for each copy, barely sufficient to
defray the cost of publication -payable imaiia
hbj in advance.
Will be inserted for one dollar per square of
ten lines, for the first insertion, aud seventy
five cents each subsequent insertion.
One thousand copies will be issued from the
Nurserymen, Seedsmen, Implement Dealers
and Stock Growers will find The Kansas Far
mer a valuable medium for advertising. All
subscriptions and communications should be
addressed to the undersigned, Topeka, Kansas.
F. G. ADAMS,
Secretary Kansas State Agricultural Society.
TQ"ear jEldridgo House,
LAWRENCE, - - - - KANSAS.
Any order for
VRINTED, RULED or BLANK BOOK WORK
completed within our office, and under our
superintendence, thus insuring accuracy,
dispatch and reliability.
EST Magazines, Pamphlets, Newspapers and
Damaged Books neatly and substantially bound
at reasonable rates.
We promise a faithful and prompt execution
of all w ork forwarded to our office.
Orders arc solicited from Public Officers,
Merchants and good business men everywhere,
by mail or express.
TltASK & LOWMAN,
State Journal Office,
n-ll-2-ly Lawrence, Kansas.
AMERICAN SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION.
Eev. o. C. MOOJ
AUBURN, SHAWNEE ., KANSAS.
SS All communications relating to the organ
ization of Sabbath Schools, application for the
purchase or donation of books or papers, funds
to aid the work, etc., will receive careful at
tcntion by being addressed as above.-tBB
Libraries selected, and all the publications
of the Society at Philadelphia Prices.
R. D. MOBLET,
District Clerk of Davis County
REAL ESTATE AND LAND AGENT,
WILL do business in the Laud Office, and
give strict attention to paying taxes for
non-residents. Office on Washington street,
Tajlor's Building, opposite the Eagle Hotel ,
LAND AGENT, SURVEYOR,
JUNCTION CITV, KANSAS. - - -
rAlVD WARRANTS Tor sale Tr
i CASH, and on time. Land Warrants'
located. Collections made and Taxes paid fer
FOIL SALE AT THIS OWICI.
LADIES' DRESS GOODS :
- r - r - f
Latest Fall and Winter Stylea.v
Shawls, Hats fc Hoods.
ISSWSf MTSD mSMEWB
JACONETS, SWISSES, STRIPED, .
AND BARRED MUSLINS.
SATINETS, TWEEDS, DENIMS
Jeans c& 3Zrills-
IN LARGE VARIETY,
PLAIN AND TWILLED.
ryiMsir& a Mini ihid
uuu www i&iiJrMirn
Mens9 3d Boys' " ,
HATS AND CAPS,
OF ALL VARIETIES.
BEST ASSORTMENT IN
SELLING AT FROM 15 to 25 GENTS.
Ladies1 Ken's and Childrens'.
Iron CTails Glass
AND GENERAL STOCK OF
AL OIL LIPS !
Oil c3 0,ixs.
Fine Apples, Blackberries,
STBAWBEfiBIES CATM. UA
T O JJCLL-tX
j t. y ks yj Jo.i. j. t sd j
BOOTS. & SHOES
For Men, Women & Children
WE WILL SELL AT THE
STREETER & STRICKLER.
Junction City, October SL, 1S6S.
; ATSON, RIIfEHARf, gj
No. 12 .J-14 Delatcare Slr7c
HAVE ON EXHIBITION. A VERY LARGE
and complete assortment of
. i ' -Foreign and Domestic
BO O T. AND SHOES,- -HATS,
Oil Cloths & Mattings!
WINDOW DAMASKS, WHITE
ID 3L J. X ES H ""ST,
OIL SHADES, BUFF,
GREEN" & 'BLUE WINDOW .HOL
LAND AND PAPER.
Curtain Fixtures, Cornices,
Curtain Bands, Hooks,
dfec. cf3o-7 ',-"""
Retailers tchotcish to buy Goods at BOTTOM
PRICES, will do icell (o call and examine our
Slock. fg?-REMEMBER THE PLACE:
HJo. 12, Delaware street,
-WATSON & RINEHART.
GROCERIES & PROVISIONS !
M. HAGEMAN. W. JT. DAIRD.
M HA.aEMLAJN" fc Co
WHOLESALE GROCERS AND
84r SH.A.'WrNJblK STREET,
(Between 3d and 4th,)
AVE NOW INv STORE THE FOLLOW-
lowing Fresh Groceries, to which they
invite the attention of purchasers :
Crushed, Powdered, Granulated, and New Or-
- - - leans bugars.- - , -
Java, Rio, Pure Ground Rio, Dandelion, and
i - Essence of Goffce.- -
Young Ilyson, Gun Powder, Imperial and
Sugar House, Goldcn"and Union Syrups, and
Boxes & Cadics, Smoking and Chewing, Cigars.
No. 1 and 2 in bbls., and V bbls., also in kits,
Cod Fish, Scaled and Pickled Herring.
CANDLES AND SOAP,
Cincinnati and St. Louis Candles and Soap.
Best Baltimore, in cans and half cans.
Every Variety of Canned Frnit.
A UTS, PICKLES, SPICES,
WOODEN 'W.AJfcE, .See.
Country Merchants and Outfitters for tho
Plains will find it to their interest to examine
TENTS 6r WAGON COVERS.
HAGEMAN & Co.
THE UNION FOREVER
JOHN P. WILEY, op JUNCTION OITY,
keeps at his old stand,
The Claim House,
a good assortment of DRY GOODS & GRO
CERIES, and PROVISIONS, as well as BOOTS
and SHOES ; and he flatters himself, as he has
no rent, clerk, or hauling to pay, that he is
able to sell as cheap as can be bought at the
retail houses in Leavenworth City.
Having traded in St. Louis with Morgan ft
McClnng to over $50,000, and with Hensley &
Russell, of Leavenworth City, and now selUsg
for prominent firms in Leavenworth, I flatter
myself that I am regarded as a prompt and
well posted man, prepared, if necessary to sell
goods for others on commission, on fair and
reliable terms, as well as to be able to sell
quite as cheap as the- can be purchased in
Western Kansas. Farmers, bring on your
BIDES AXTD PRODUCE,
and exchange with me, and hunters, bring me
your FURS of all kinds, and I will prove my
proposition. I also keep a small amount of
LUMBER ana COOPER STUFF
on band for sale.
H. L. JONES,
SALINE COUNTY, KANSAS.
ON HAND TO TRADE FOR STOCK OR
CASH, several improved Claims in Saline
County ; also a house and lot in the town of
Salina. I buy and sell land and stock at a fair
Commission, and assist emigrants in making
'The Homestead Bill has Passed,
And now is the time forcmigrants to get GOOD
HOMES. No land in this county has been
offered at Public Sale, and will all be held
under the Homestead Act.
Call upon or address me at Salina, Saline
Co., Kansas. . nSGtf H. L. JONES.
TlfHOLESALE DEALER IN
AND ALL KINDS OF l
hats, caps, India rubberTgoods,
"N0..21 DELAWARE STREET,,
Three Doors below Scott, Kerrf Cb.'t'Bant.
Carney & Stevens,
'W o-r w a r cLi n g
Corner Lette and Cherokee Streets,
. Have in store the following stock of
Fresh, Staple and Fancy ,
To which wc invite the snecial attention of
3000 SACKS OF FLOUR;
200 HIIDS N. O. MOLASSES ; "
500 BARRELS LOAF, CRUSHED
AND POWDERED SUGAR;
100 BARRELS CLARIFIED SUGAR;
100 BOXES HAVANA SUGAR ;
200 BARRELS S. H". AND N. O. MOLASSES;
100 BBLS. PLANTATION MOLASSES;
500 Bap Rio Coffee;
, 100 MATS JAVA COFFEE;
. 1000 KEGS ASSORTED NAILS;
500 Boxes Star Candles;
100 BOXES MOULD CANDLES;
100 PKS. MACKEREL & HERRING ;
50 COILS CORDAGE;
100 .BARRELS S. C. SODA;
100 bxs BABBITT'S SALARATUS ;
900 BOXES YEAST POWDERS;
300 BOXES RASINS;
400, Bxs Manufactured Tobacco;
lOO BOXES OF SOAP;
100 HALF CHESTS OF TEA;
1000 BDLS WRAPPING PAPER;
We have also on hand a fine assortment of
WINES AND OLD WHISKEY,
IN CASKS, QUARTER CASKS & BOTTLES.
FRUITS, PICKLES & NUTS.
of all kinds.
SPICES OF ALL KINDS.
And in short, everything connectcd'with the
BE FOUND AT OUR ESTABLISH
MENT. Outfitting for tne Mines
will consult their interests by purchasing at
, . t our'establishmcnt, as. . , f
z : i . . v. x. ' . j.
' f ' , andour, ; 7 , ,
1U Vil c i V QAn
PMCES SEASONABLE !
. REMEMBER .THE PLACE: , .
'CORNER LEVEE AND CHEROKEE' ST.
AND EMIGRANTS' GUIDE,
For the Year 1S64. $ ;r i
On the 1st of January. 1S64. and .Annua
thereafter, a work will be nublished under t
direction of the Kansas.State Agricultural So-
1 cicty, which, will exhibit from year to year the
J growth, resources, present condition and pros
pects of our young and, "rigorous Common-
It will comprise a .handsome Tolr m f fau
300 to 400 pages (octavo), iBv.suhVp
traits of several '6Y our raost, distinguished cit
izens and soldiers, executed in the be style
of art, and will contain besides the usual, cal
endar pages, and a great variety of general
ata"J, the following as leading features:
I- "lur: State: A complete (condensed)
h-1ory of Kansas 'from its organization, as
i'on.;(n.,. :. icti i. 4i. i .. ...
"'""'j io iu me present nine, wun a
complete list of State Officers, Executive-, Leg
islative and Judicial, with a sketch f all
State institutions such as the Stat Universi
ty, State Agricultural College, State Normal
bchool, with their endowments, &c. Railroads
projected and in progress, Societies, Tublio
II. TnE Counties: A condensed historical
SKetch of each County in tho State, stalinjr
population in lSG'J, topographical character,
distance and direction of the county seat from
Leavenworth and the State Capital,' chief
Towns, list of County and- Township officers.
&c. Also the Agricultural statistics a fnml
J ished by tho County Assessor, and the number
wi acrra 01 lanu m cacn county subject to en
try under the Homestead Act, Railroad Lands.
III. Tue Militart: Embracing (1) com
plete rosters of the several Regiments of Kan
sas Volunteers, with a brief historical sketeh
of each embracing so far as practicable a list
of the actions in which each regiment has
taken part with list of casualties. Th n1
I dicrs of A'ansas have achieved a world-widft
ceieoruy ior coomess, aasn and daring, and ji
is designed in this and futuro volumes of tha
Register to preserve the memory of their gal
lant achievements, and each volume will con
tain portraits of some of the most celebrated
of the Kansas military men. (2) The Kan
sas Militia organization by Divisions and Reg
iments. IV. Professional Guide: Comprising com
plete lists of Clergymen, Physicians and At
torneys at Law arranged alphabetically, with
Post Office address of each. The denomination
of each clergyman, and the school of practice
of each physician will be carefully designated.
V. Business Dirkctoky: Containing a full
list of all the leadingBankcrs, Merchants, Me
chanics and business men in the State, conven
iently arranged for ready reference.
VI. The Cities and Chief Towns or Kan
sas: Undcrthis head, wc design to give an
historical view of Leavenworth, Lawrence,
Topeka Atchison, Fort Scott, Emporia, Man
hattan, Council Grove, Junction City, &c, with
list of county officers, and statistics, showing
present population, trade, &c.
VII. The TmniTuRiEs: Sketch of the settle
ments, present population and development of.
the new .territories adjacent to Kansas with
an account of the best routes from the chief
cities of the East to each new Territory, ac
counts of the new gold mines of Colorado,
Id.iho, Arizona and New Mexico, and other
matters of general interest.
VIII. An edition will be published contain
ing a complete sectional map of A'ansas, show
ing the location of Counties, Towns, Raifroada
and projected Railroad Routes, Telegraphs and
Public Roads, with the various Indian Reser
vations, and comprising the recent surveys,,
and lands open for settlement and sale, alonAi
worth $1.00 each.
The woik will be prepared under the direc
tion of the Executive Committee of the A'ansas
State Agiiciiltur.il Society, and is designed to
exhibit for the information of emigrants and
others a complete view of the immense re
sources of Kansas with the inducements it
presents for immigration, as well from tho
older settled States as from Europe, and also,
to furnish a convenient Hand Book of refer
ence for business men at home and abroad.
A limited number of advertisements will ba
I conspicuously inserted at reasonable rates.
All persons to whom this circular is sent
will confer a favor by promptly forwarding
any information deemed to be of interest, and
all desiring early copies of the work, are re
quested to send their orders with the price
(with map one dollar and a half, without map.
one dollar). Address
PUBLISHERS KANSAS ANNUAL REGISTB,
Evening Bulletin !
qpHE LEAVENWORTH EVENING 1UL
. LETIN has now been established oa
year, and is well known throughout Kansas.
Its success thus far has been greater than any
other journal ever established in the West.
The proprietors are experienced newspaper
men, and thoroughly know the tastes ano
wantsof the people of this State.
There are three editions of this'paper, ril t
THE EVENHTG BULLETIN,
Printed every afternoon at 3 o'clock, contain
the latest telegraphic dispatches and locil
news up to the time of going to press. Tenu
SG per annum.
THE TRIWEEKLY BULLETIN
Is issued, every Monday, Wednesday and Frit
day, and contains the news of the Daily, at $&
THE WEEKLY BULLETIN
Is issued every Tuesday, and is made p ax
pressly for the country from the six daily
ONE DOLLAR A TEAS.
TnE Bulletix is a ni-paper in the best
sense of the word. Its columns will enntnin
news upon all subjects and from all quarters.
It will endeavor not to deceive its readers by
the distortion of reports or misrepresentatioq
of facts, but will furnish upon aU subjeetsf the
fullest and most reliable information that cam
be had, accompanied by such comments aa
truth and not prejudice shall seem to warrant.
Especial attention will be given to the local z
and commercial 'news of Leavenworth CUjr
ami the State generally. As a rnnunsrcisj
journal Tue Bcixetis will be found unaxeeUW
for accuracy and reliability. This depitrtaeat
of the paper is under the charge of -& cosp
tent editor. ' ' '
' A n -o r n rr t' t vtt -o 1 i
In addition io other matters a portiWof ' Oik
ffSSS? WttUy editioa wm '
We.arc connaeat mat .every raauly wUtV
subscribes for This Wskklt Bduru willi J
agree that is a companion of far greater fata
than its pride. t
A specimen copy furnished rratii' ta'Jam
who desire it. - .r
BURNETT'S COCOAINB n uHAUL?
For Salt by "IUIiLTT