Newspaper Page Text
A! Bl'Ol.rROUt, NFW MF.XIOO, V.'FDNf SDAY
'I FMBER 80, 1908,
PAGES 9 TO 16.
e tor the í1 itíure of Semi-A. m
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Full of P
PRESIDENT GlillDV SOUNDS
KEUTE OF HE CONGRESS
Presidont Gornly's acl,lrps to thoi stack. An owner of a tea-acre
opening session of (lie IrriK.-uion ' "'Jfrt (1nvtl "ear Albunut tihh' one
congreS9 foUows: I 'Z? Zll:!"
,. - " ,u ".."i. tui.i.i.i, aim i
T.anipR nnrt r!,.ntlarvir. r.r i it .. .... ...,i i.. ... '
........... xi .lie ..fliiuuii, " ' ,,,,ii i..' i v . -I'll lili' I'm liiiycr i
Irrigation Congress: land the employe that it should ho n k
iu mure appropriate section of the : miuieu to one stnuk ard. At the end
country could have been selected in "f the season the owner visited the
place and found to his surprise that
I'at had made at least, four different
stack yards, and when he asked him
the reason for disobeying- his orden
the Irishman j.romptly replied: 'Why,
man, one stack yard wouldn't hold th(j
half of the alfalfa on this land."
New Mexico Is nil riRhi from any
standpoint. Last year she spent one- '
half million dollars in the mainten
ance of her schools: she has a nonu- 1
in her towns and cities and on her1
lauds. New Mexico has Ton. OIK) head '
of live stuck, In r oal and precious;
tn.-tal mines, h,-r orchards, lu-r vast '
lumber and cement Interests and nu- I
merous other resources are already
annually briiiKins: and disli iliutiiiK
anions these Rood jieojil,, millions of
Wealth, and the delegates from the i
which to hold a session of the Irrlmi
tlOn Congress than here In New
Mexico, where irrigation was first in
troduced and put into practice on
I am sure I voice the sentiment of
fvery delegate and visitor to the city
of Albuquerque upon this occasion,
when I say that we are all glad to
meet here in this splendid territory
soon to become a, state soon to hi-
brought to its own by being admitted i lotion ot over 400,000, and
Into the union. Not only New Mexico I thousands nf new settlers ar
hut Arizona as well; not one, but both,
are soon to be separately crowned as
sovereign .states, each worthy of ad
mission into the great sisterhood of
states, where each may work out its
own destiny and share in the honors
and benelits of statehood. "States are
not great, except as men make them."
Men capable of making this session of
our .National irrigation Congress a otner states ami territories i-..nriitu-glorious
success are capable of niak- ! 'u upon your grow th and pros
ing this one of the great states of thejperlty, and thank you again and again
republic. I for your most cordial .welcome to your
We are profoundly grateful to the j midst. We are more than pleased to
people of Albuquerque ami o the ! meet and greet the people of this en
people of the entire territory of N, w j (' rprismg, wide-awake city of Alliu-
Jlexico for the magnificent and cor- I queique. Kvery effort has been put:
dial welcome which has been ex- frlh by you to make our sojourn long:
tended to us. I to be remembered by ns all as one!
From the first settlement to this I f the most delightful limes "f our;
year of our Lord has been a long wait. ; lives. ,
but 'at last this land of sunshine, thi.i We arc more than gratified to '-e '
lnd Of opportunity, is just beginning j the !an;c attendance upon this ses- I
to be'properly appreciated. Its won- , sion of our Irrigation Congress, and j
aertui resources are , now m-ing ! j moro than pleased to welcome the
veloped with marvelous rapidity: its , delegates from our own states and
i territories, and particularly the delo
' gates from the foreign states that
have honored us by sending represen
tatives to this session, and we hope
the representatives of foreign lands
will be at home with vis and will par
ticipate in the discussions of the vari
ous topl.-s that will lie brought be
fore tills SesSli.l,.
great ' coal measures are attracting
and commanding the necessary capi
tal to open them. The acreage of
tillable land already under cultiva
tion by irrigation exceeds one million
acres. National and private irrigation
projects now being constructed will
reclaim another million acres of as
fertile land as the sun in all Its
course shines upon, and on these
lands thousands of American farm
ers, will establish happy, prosperous
homes, and on these fertile acres In
this heujth-givlng climate Intensive
farming will be practiced, and here
will be produced almost any crop
that can be grown In the temperate
jone. There is probably no fruit su
perior to thai grown In the fertile
vallt-ya of this section. New Mexico
sugar beets show as high a percent
age of sugar and as great a yield per
acre as can be grown anywhere else
in the wAVld. Alfalfa grows so lux
uriantly that the farmers are kept
busy almost the year round putting it
We have met here in annual sr ssion
to consider and formulate plans for
the wise development of government
al policies looking to the conservation
and the best use of our natural re
sources, and more particularly to the
conservation, preservation and use of
our forests, our streams and our
Home people assert now that na
tional reclamation has become a fact
In the develonment of this wonderful
land, that there Is nothing more for
this association to do. 1 reply, the
(( oiiilniicl to Column I. I 'a::
FORESTER PHOT DISCUSSES
THE WORK OF THE BUREAU
. .' ''i. nun ., , h:ni:,e, ,,n, u hat l e-
" Milt - '
i And :,' I will . iiileavor, as briefly
I,' '. ',',, -" '" '. I" - Inn-. this ri'volu-
"" "!' ! 'o :.: in-ill s. 1 1 1 nucid has been
"' ' pro. In. . I an. I Hi,- i i-.-at ,r..gre:.:H in
Ilu- ' : 1 1 1 - - "f i n ::a 1 mu lias I n at -
111 ' t nil' d . .un! tin- pal t tt 1,1, ll I his if-
SOME FAMILIAR!;SCENES OF THE EXPOSITION DAYS
Chief Forciter Oii'ford Pin, hot. .,i-'
though unable to be pres. nt at th.'(
Irrigation congress, is well represent
ed by members of the bureau. M .-. I
Pinchot hss also sent a I, tier to tli.-j
congress, expressing his regret :in l
dlRüUnsitiR St ::ome length th
the forestry service. Tin 1
Pnlted States Department
, President Six
cation i ongri
ture, Forest Service
Milford, Pa., S
Hon. Frank C. Cloudy
teenth National lrr.
Albuquerque, N. M.
My Dear Judge C.ou.ly : - - As I haw
already written you. I regret mor,
than I can easily say that 1 cannot !
with you at Albuquerque this year
For a number of years past I have at
tended every session of the Nat ional i
Irrigation congress, and at the more!
recent ones I have been honored asj
The objei i of e.l neat ion m i:
to produce in the b"k or girl
so in the man or woman, thre
.--alts. First, a sound, u-a tul and us-al-le
i..ly; ....ml, a w.-lt-e.piippert,
ami w,-l l-orga oi.:,-,! mío, I
ali-it to i;aiu in!, -rest and assist.! n,
in tn cotiia, I with nature and . "-operation
with o'.h.r min Is: and thiid.
a ise and ti ll,' an . I
able to eatm r to its.
thines that t.e-t mal
w hile. Tin- i . s . ami grov
.-, ,o,i, mind
Take for ' xampb- tin- no
of a l"Wn, who have .sia
i ihainber of commerce
b.iHi.l of trade. They have three
t-: First, sound ami pr.iui.ime i-'i
must all be
1- in of educ
.-i p i r i t ,
i: i" Ii o
Í . ' . ' "
' t '
. ! i
'J. u í! 1
m t n ily i
nip of indi-
lautnal a i
the hearer of a. message from the ' i:n-ss: second. orraniZ
president, whose interest in irrigation w ith ei. h other to ih,
never flags. Thi.s fall, under his or- j vantage, as in settline
dera. I am frvintr t- d citain wot It caring satisfactory rat.-;
on the national conservation, and th- roadr. and inducing new- n.u.isti I. a, to
commission on country life, and that; settle amongst them: an I third.
i why I am unable to come. t make their town more beautiful. m..r.
Evr ilnce I came to have flrat I healthful and generally a better place,
hand knowledge of Irrigation I have to live in. Take a labor union as an- ,
bn Impreaaed with the peculiar ad- other example, and you will And the
vantage T which .urround the Irriga- ame three-fold purpoae. A. good
tion rancher. The high productlvenea union admiu only good workmen to
ot irrigated land, re.ultir.g In smaller ! membership In IU aound body; the
farm units snd denier settlement, a. member, get from the union the al
well as the efflclency an1 alertness j vanteg-s of organtted co-opertsion n
th. irrigator, have combined to give I re!limr their labor to the best ad van
the irrigated regions very high rankjtage. nd in addition they enjoy cr
moñf th. most progre.elve farming tain aocial advantage, often of over- ,
,k. .rM R,,rh rural whelming Importance.
n rñ: ; p i oi orBani.atu
west ar. useful excmpieii for the con
sideration of regions in which life Is
more isolated, has less of the benefita
of co-operation, and g.n.raily ha.-:
lacked the stimulu. r.hich has ent
the men whom this fongrev. repre
sents si far along on the roa ! to the
Ideal country life. It i for tins rea- ;
son that I venture to sen! yni the'
following consideration' bearing on
the work of the president's c.nimis-j
sion on country life because you '
I , is
:. 1 .
..... J". i w '.. . ' t
e . .-.1 : '.'"
.'....'-- ,- . ,4 V, -;' '.' ' . .'f.-'- ' a . i,,
, v . f" - . ;-
s . ' " ' ' .: ---v . . -;
: -i. ......j-' -n - ' i.:.. , . : ,a 1 ' . a ' -
, . v. ..;-. n - ; 1 .
: :' . ":.
-. ',-,' , ,- -. .. , ... r -, i,,,;.'. -
-. ' ' ' ; ' ? t- ' i ; ' ' r " ' ' !'' r ' -; -Í'
( . í f ...:.'. 4 .;..''' , -i . v - , . :' :
1 . ' V -;, r -
' ' " , -; ,,. i ; i ' t . "." ' ' '
. L' '-'. 'r ? .-,-' ' " 'j
5 4 f , --..- é k i- . v-ií f.. ' tm?
(I) k - .-.I-. - 7-27 mad
' "v "j . ' ' " i
' i ; - ' ., r, .' ;- :-
' -vf ' . .'i""- -
.'. . -: .; ; ........ , .
PRINCE TELLS OF
iTERDAY AND TODAY
l'.raill'i ail ligation oC'ngrcss, at: Its successive
x,.,,.,-,i, f ' sessions, h is taken In this Important
' ' work
"""' lint first, a word as to the histor,"
Univ. no nt , significance of the region in which we
1,1,-el lltll e it, ......n.....l.... ...I. I.
"' "' 'Irrigation.
no .on ! I hiixe already alluded to the fact
mat tins is in,. (irHt time that the
congress has held a Refund session In
the same , Hy. j, - vor, ,,r0jU.r
that this compliment should' be paid
to New M.-ii,.,,, f,,r ,,.,v M,.xco Is
the birtliiilai e of American Irrigation.
Long before the first ad', eliuirous
Spaniard saw ihe wlft-flowlng waters
of the Kin crande, the forefather:,
of the l'u.blo Indians bad settled In
Its fertile valley and constructed long
llm s of ditch, s with which to Irri
gate their ero i is of beans and corn,
of melons and pumpkins, and the
I "now '' I ' '" """" fun; which thev
i.i.s been I ",'"1, variously ,-olored matules
iwnieti were tne objects of such ad
.tuliiitloii of the Urst Ki.ironean ex
In,,,,. 4 ,,f : 111 uorinwest ol (lie tern
illa I sit - I ' "IV' '""" .s"" .Juan river, and
us u iouiaries, are sun to be seen the
lines of the acequias of this ancient
people; and so accurately were they
constructed, that modern engineers,
seeking the best route and levls for
projclcd works for irrigation, find It
so rarely possible to Improve; on the
ties or '""""l noes, mur tney nave llnnlly
now I coiue to adopt them without question.
,,,,, ,cst ! remains ot I nese n nclcnt W.T ter-
lh,. presl- ""'" eon,., nun, unwritten history; nut
lis i. jv ardent' 'tiniest cnonicieK of explorers and
, ' conquistadores, of warriors and of
prieis, tell (he same stnr:-.
Cabera de Vaca, the first white man
to visit these fertile valleys, tells of
the fields of corn which abounded
everywhere, and particularly men
tions the plac,. w here he find his half
starved companions, after crossing
of achieve-1 '"'sens on Ihe east, were feasted
i by the hospitable natives on beans
ic iii.m melons. All through this region
.a , , i,.'t,8 refers continually to these same
' "v" : veeela l,le "whlel, ...,.r ., i . i p.. .
that the Spaniards gave thanks to
Heaven for their abundance," and al-
ii ilei-lnl ! H" "I"'"" of the shawls or blankets
, ' ., ' I n ade of the i .itton ral-V.I t-y the peo
Five years Inter, In 1541. as soon
I the uro-!" conuunlii entered New Mexico, nt
I Cibola, he found great stores of beans.
hort coin, nun uie, cnronicier
tifth of I ' special stress on ine flinracter of
dividual'""' l'1,t',r' Ii it-li he tells us had very
snori siaiKs. wiin the ears starting-
a ,,,!,.,.,! il... s;,,., !..,. -a., u.
.i".!.".. ,,-i, (IN ,11, ",y ,-.ii-
tained from Ton t S00 grains, which
far i-xceeded anything then known In
oi her countries.
At Tlhuex. In this very valley, and
but a few miles north of the snot on
which we are assembled, all the pen
pie wer,. found clothed In cotton gar
nienls. and Coronado made n requi
sition of net less than 300 pieces of
collón cloth for clothing for his sol
diers; from which we judge of the ex
tent of the culture among the or
iginal inhabitants. So productive was
I mo ciinivauon o i uie 1(10 Urande val-
ley, that Castañeda tells us 'the ltar
I w st of one year Is mitfileent for
sewn; when they begin to sow, the
j fields are still covered with the corn
; will, h has not vet been gathered."
. Forty years afterward. In 108:;, An.
I tonii) de Kspejo, traveling up this
,1.1111,. Kin (rumie, found abundance
.of coin and melons, and the people
! dressed in cotton . filies; and near
I Isl.-ia, nu,. ludían chief presented him
i with -tan bolls of cotton. He tells
jus that the pontile all wore mantles
nf inltoii. striped blue and white, like
I hose of China, and op his trip to the
est ward In- was ..resented with more
than a hundred mantles, some colored
ami soni.. while, ami a great quantity
of handkerchiefs or towels, with tax-
il,., i' "I lioiiii'S an,
' 1 1 riot isni
o Ihe' in thirl
-I I i ! 1 1 1 ai e ,,i' a n Individual
'' i "'' inn atiou oi . . '
m a , i, near the ground, but of a size, which
i ' ill 111 I. s of 1 11
sels at t ll.
: Ihe dual
and co-operation 15 obvious, and they
are being utilized very w idely in '
n-srlv every branch of our niti..t..i.
!;fe. Lot what .K trie ci'.. with tr.
ta. m. r? The farin-rs an- th- ..-n!v
tr. at body of "HI i -"I i- v h" r.-ma;l,
f ,r t'a' m."-1! p'.ri a .,"ta n' : i !:y uiior
p.,n:zed. The m-i. Hants .it- rgui-.7.-1.
the w.-.g.- work. r ar. ..rein;.-.!
),e railroad" ill" "I - iloed Tie I)., 1!
( oiitlnii.sl on face I". Column 1
: t '
i.rners. And. again, when
xii.-dllioit and permanent
an settlement came, under
o, 1 l I,.. I,,,,r..l .1... ,
rigated fields of beans, corn and mel
ons, and Hi.- same extensive growth
of cotton all tilling Ihe vaileys. Th
lie coiners, who were not strangers
in their old homes to this method of
cult i va i ion. naturally adopted the sys
tem of their nri'dei-essors, and con
tinued it uiulringed throughout all
' the long years of Spanish and Mexi
Those who have lived much in
.Mexican communities, In these later
lays, know that however irregularly
the people may set their fences or
ven locate tehir dwellings, when it
conies to laying out th,. lines of an
acequia, ih. v have what seems nn In
tuiiion but which I suppose is an in
herited Intelligence, by which they
select unerringly the most favorable
rom,., curving back and forth where
irroy.-s are plentiful, but always with
the minimum of fall to be sufficient
for the constant moving of the water.
For more than two centuries befora
he industrious Mormon dug th Brat
ine of ditch for irrigation In Salt
Lake City, the SaplaarA.liad been
raising great crops of corn and wheat
if beans and chill and calabaaas by
irtlflclal use of water now so familiar
to us all; and ao New Mexico has
'tood for long year?, though sur
rounded by flerc. and hungry tribes,
ntlrely self-supporting, and draw,
ng nothing from abrosd but a little
mgar and coffs. and a few articles
vhlch were not of the necessities, but
he luxuries of life.
In recent times, the people of New
; Mexico were almost the first to ratse
; 'he questions regarding public lrrlga
i Ion. which have since been so wijelv
tn.iwn and thoroughly discussed; for
n thr 16th and 17th of March. 1S2.
e held a great convention at Las
I Vegas, the original call for which 1
I hold In my baud, and am proud of
. having issued as governor, whic h w as
. M iniiiiiiinl To Vase 10, Column 1.)
"sJSP if as.