Newspaper Page Text
ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
vol', cxxxxv. n. ai.
ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, SUNDAY, JANUARY 31, 1915,
SECTION ONE Pages Ho 8.
Dully br Carrier or Mall, too
Month. Single Copies, 60
SHIPPING BILL IS
Most Desperate Parliamentary
Fight in History of Country
Is Waged Over Administra
WILLIAM ALDEN SMITH
Says Country Is Going to the
Bow-wows and Makes Bit
ter Attack on President;
: Siiioot Talks AHNij'hl,
,Ry HnRNIhfl JOURNAL .".. AL ICARfD RMRI 1
Wellington. ';in. :!.--An nrrni;. U't j
in the battle mi Kin r 1 1 n 1 i 11 i m 1 1 1 1 1 i ri i
l-hiliping Mil In I lie senate .".inn" to- j
liU;lit alter one of the most strenuous
parliamentary struggles congress has:
known in wont years. From 11 a.;
m. yesterday nil throiiKh Inst night
and toilay und into another night the j
contest pincoeded with a spirit little j
short of desperation on both sides. n-
til tho wearied louder agreed to u 1
reress (it midnight until 10 a. in. Mon-'
Always Just ahead was a final vote;
on tho shipping hill, which would;
break the, senate deadlock and release 1
the block irte of legislation. The pre-1
Hiding officer had ordered the ayes
and nays on tho vote and no further
parliamentary advice was available to
the opposing republicans. Physical
endurance alone remained to hold
back the taking of the vote. j
Although the democrats proposed !
the recess over Sunday to interrupt)
the thirty-seven hours continuous de-;
hate, administration lenders Insisted
that the action meant no let-up in
their determination to press the hill.
"We agreed to the recess because
of Sunday," said Senator Simmons,
"Just as we -did In the filibuster
against the rivers and harbors ap
propriation I. ill liist fall. But begin
ning Monday at 10 o'clock it Is our
purpose to ytress the hill with all the
force that is in our power."- "
Senator Simmons announced he was
authorised to deny reports that the
administration was considering with
drawing the shipping bill from the
senate. 1 '
Smith tn INwonsolutp.
Ijit In the day Senator William Al
den Smith of Michigan relieved his
republican colleagues who had been
holding the. floor since early morning
when Senator Hinoot concluded his
all-night speech. Senator Smith
turned his attention to a bitter ar
raignment of the administration's pol
icy and painted a. gloomy word pic
ture of the business conditions of the
country under the democratic, tariff.
An area of "record-breuking business I
mortality" had followed the enact-1
ment of that tariff, he said, and he i
characterized the shipping bill as the I
"fifth administration folly." j
"I don't think we hare ever had
a president who wus hopeful with so
little cause as the present Incumbent
of the White House," he said. "From
the day he signed the tariff bill he has
not let a week go by without pro
claiming that prosperity was here."
Senator Smith read many figures
which ho declared proved the condi
tions he had recited, and repeatedy
challenged the democrats to answer
his statements. Majority members re
fused to be drawn Into a tariff de
bate, however, Ignoring the challenges
with weary, apathetic silence.
Senator Smoot, who talked eleven
find one-half hours las' night re-appeared
on the floor early tonight
much refreshed and ready for anoth
er argument should his services prove
Throughout the long day session
and as night fell again the situation
was tense. Many of the senators slept
in their seats after the long watches
through last night; others stretched
on the sofas circling the senate cham
ber; others formed team relays, of
fensive and defensive, to crowd the
measure to a vote or to hold it back.
Th'ere was little sharp parliamentary
fencing. In the main it was steady
speechmaking, with here and thero a
flash of wit or bitterness.
Senator Lodge again gave warning
that the buying of belligerent ships
would precipitate grave international
complications with Great Britain,
France and Uussia, and would "start
this nation on the highway of war."
During the day it was the expecta
tion on both sides of the chamber that
the contest would be carried through
the night and into Sunday. But at
i p. m. Senator Kern, leader of the
Administration forces, gave notice that
the battle would bo suspended, until
Monday and secured unanimous con
sent for the recess. At the same time
there came the announcement from
democratic conference rooms that the
bill would he kept before the senate
continuously next week without ad
journment or recess, until the measure
Washington, Jan, -St. New
Mexico: Fair south, snow north
portion Sunday; Monday fair.
wus pnsied - tlniH resuming the endur
unce test after the truce of tonight.
Senator Smith of Michigan held the
floor for several hour of (he night
session, assailing the democratic ad
ministration for nil Its herniation. He
di.i ii.-i; ed business conditions In many
slates and engaged several democratic
senator: jit colloquies i,,, p,,,.
llrMmv As'.h gttoNlioii.
Senator ttristow asked Senator
Smllh ps a member of the foreign re
lations committee if he had heard
that the people of Hieat Bri.aln, (ler
many and even France were begin
ning to f'-el unfriendly toward the
I'tiiteil Ktatva. The Kansas senator
declared that lie bad today been told
this by an Annrican tourist who
had Just returned from these conn,
tries. Senator Smith declared that
there wait no "i,uesiiou but wltut the
i"tilei-'il pulley i,f the nilmiliislruliou is
making ii.i enemies.''
The senate galii rieM gradually filled
wi'.h : pi claim s and as the evening
wore on, many si naiois who had gone
home for a brii f resi returned to the
chamber, mine of them in evening
Senator Smith's discourse covered a
time he said, "1 heard ll'.e secretary
of the treasury ask a distinguished
audience at San IHcgo, Calif., the oth
er day: 'vVhut is the mutter with the
country'." The people who heaid hint
were struck dumb. Nobody could an
swer met finally the secretary of the
1 1 ivtsin y ; d .
" 'Not .1 damn t htng.' "
"i. I I understand the senator from
Mulligan to my that lie was present
and heal. I this'
tsk it Senator (' 1,11- 1
"Yea, I was present," Senator
"And was struck dumb?" asked
Senator Chilton, precipitating an up- (
roar in the galleries and chamber. I
LnXiana S OllipymS
Being Carried Out
tively Far From
Eff ec- j
Base of German Fleet,
lev WOSNINfl JOURNAL SrVCIAL LIAIO WSII
I iiulon, .lun. 31 a. m.) A t
least one other vessel besides the Ben
Cruachen wus sunk by the Herman
submarine .This fact hecame '
known .tonight' when a trawler
brought In the eleven members of the
crew of the steamer I.indu fllancho
which wis sent to the bottom by the
The Linda Hlnnciie was on lis wuy
from Manchester to Belfast when the
submarine suddenly appeared along-
SENT TO BOTTOM
side. Officers came aboard and Injlilanco and Aguirrc Henavides, who 1 btiasy. that no communication, official
perfect Fnglish ordered the crew to , fled from Mexico City with Knlullo ! or otherwise, in subject had been re
leave tho steamer. As soon as the , Gutierrez, have joined the Carranzu celveil from Sir Edward. Not only
men of the Unda Blanche were in I movement, but nothing Is known of;"'" the. American government not
their boats the Germans attached a
mine to the bridge and another to the
forecastle. The mines were then ex
ploded, lestroying the vessel.
The Germans told the British sail- j Although the siege of 1'ucbla is said ! A ,hp lMnh embassy tho view
ors they could find a trawler by pro-j to have been abandoned by Zapata j wus volunteered that since the pend
ceeding in a certain direction ond the his forces are still in occupation of the i lug 1,111 tiii not yet passed, negotla
crew was picked up when the fishing i farthest c-utlying suburbs of Mexico ! thins would not be proper, and that
boat was reached.
The skipper of the trawler stated
that at 1 p. m. yesterday he sighted
another ship on which an explosion
evidently had occurred. Cle was steer
ing In the direction of this vessel
when he picked up the Linda
Blanche's boat. When he reached the j
point where he had seen the other
ship he found no 1 rare of wreckage
and believed It went down after he
first sighted it.
A vn liable shipping records contain
no mention of the Linda Blanche.
She probably Is a small coasting
vitfu cm:w i.kivfs boat
IT IS J'liO.MPTl.Y SI NK
Fleetwood, Jan. 30 (via , London,
10:21) p. in.) The German submarine
21 today torpedoed the North Shields
steamer Ken Cruachen off this port.
The entire crew, numbering twenty,
was landed here.
The captain of the steamer says he
was overtaken by the submarine this
morning and ordered to leave his ship j
witnin ten minutes. Hardly nan tne
crew got into the boats when a tor- i
pedo wras fired and the steamer went
The Ben Crunchen, which was of
1,97s tons register and belonged to
the Morrison Shipping company, was
on a voyage from the Orkney Islunds
to Liverpool with a general cargo.
Fleetwood Is one of the principal
fishing and. shipping ports and wa
tering places on the west coast.
BRITISH IWSSF.XC.IVU Mill '
ESCAPES SI BM ARIXE
Liverpool, Jan. 31 (via London,
2:53 a. in.) The Ben Crunchen left
Cardiff Tuesday with BOO tons of coal
and was on Its way to this city, ac
cording to the Liverpool Post, when
It met the submarine.
The st?amer Graphic, with passen
gers, Belfast to Liverpool, the paper
says, passed wreckage and soon after
ward saw the Ben Cruachen sink. The
Graphic was chased but eluded pur
suit and reached the Mersey safely.
SnWARIXK RAH IS
CAl'SE OF CHEAT ALRM
London, Jan. 30 (11:30 p. m.) The
appearance of the German submarine
2t, which sank the little steamer Ben
Cruachen off Fleetwood on the west
coast of England not far north of
III MEXICO CITY
Three Armed Factions in Field,
Each Claiming to Be Con
stitutional Government of
VILLA AND ZAPATA
Forces of First Chief Hold San
Luis Potosi and Are Threat
ening Monterey, It Is Re
RV I.C1NNIS4 JOURNAL RPtflAL ItAKAD WISH
Wuf.IiIi;U Ian. .'(0. -General Ob
regon rules at Mcxicu City in the
name, of General t 'arr.i nan, fiist chief
''"iHlllllll.ilialisIs, who is at
Vers Cruz, General Villa in at Agnas
i ullentes, General Zapata at i iicrna-
vaca, unj the whereabouts "f Ko'iue ;
Gonzales llarsm, F.ulalio (iutierren, !
lately successively in charge of the
executive power in Mexico City, are
Tlireo DiMtlnct Force.
This Is the geographical distribu-
i tlou of the various chiefs in Mexico,
I shown In advices today to the stale
i department. Three distinct inove-
; ments Independent of each oth- j
' er are In the field with forces of i
varying magnitude, flenernl Carran-
j za, at the head of a large part of the I
I original constitutionalist forces will
, remain at Vera Cruz, which it is un
derstood will continue as the capital
eral Obregon'a men.
a pat a anil Villa. ;
forces of Genera! Zapata
the. lines of communications!
between V'nr.i Crux and Mexico Cilv.
I'ey r un said to be working mj
(harmony with the Villa forces under!
!lh. i, , I 1. '.. t f i Ih. ....nt.AnO.,i. !
In the north tho Carrnnza forces
hold San Iuls I'otosl and are threat
enlng Monterey, which is held by Hen. !lvon, Hr wldclv Zv.h J .lodav mUimv 'd that thi. atUok wan to
FeJIpe. Ansrhi,- chief -lieutenant of! ' lh..l,.B,i.u,,,).1 of a rH,ort j supported by other forces which w
General Villa. The latter at Aguas j ; r'""11 ot lhf l1 w J n ot ft rM0" uisperm.d by our artillery fire.
Calientes is preparing a southward
movement against Queretaro, where
Isome of the forces of General Gutler-
j res are reported to have assembled.
( . Join With Carranj,.
Dispatches to the Carranza agency!
j here suv that Henerals Jtobles. Luclo
the Intentions of Gutierrez, himself, i naked or received the formal views of
General Obregon at Mexico City was'"''Pt Ihitaln, but no expressions of
officially reported as disclaiming anyjan official character have come from
combination with Gutierrez. either Russia or France.
City, according to state
WOI'NDFI) 1JV II F.IHIO i Igislation, would commit any unneu
.. I mil act. It was stated authoritative-
Kl Paso, Tex., Jan. 30. Gen. Fran- y, however, that tho British nmbns
clsco Villa, northern revolutionary j sailor has made It clear in a recent
chieftain, was shot but only slightly j conversation with Secretary Bryan,
wounded several days ago at Agnus what, under certain circumstances,
Calientes, in a shooting affair the de-Would be the view of tho British gov
tuils of which have been carefully J eminent, pointing out incidentally
suppressed. This was the report j that while England in the past hnd
brought directly from Villa's head- , recognized some transfers of flag
quarters by persons w ho arrived on I during War as legal, there was no
Local rumors had related that villa
hud been seriously wounded by Col.
Hodolfo Fierro, his personal body
guard ond a notorious Mexican "gun
man." Those who came from Aguas
Calientes said that they had been un
able to learn who had shot Villa.
The shooting occurred at his car in
the railroad yards, nt about the time
when American Consul Sillimnn at
Mexico City telegraphed Washington
officials that he had received a report
of Villa having been seriously in-
ror iwo oays no
definite word has
come of condilions In
south of Aguas Callenl.es, nor of any
important military movements on
eilher side. South of Aguas Calientes
thero is an embargo on both railroad
and telegraph service. The Villa of
ficials at Juarez even have failed to
confirm reports that Carrnnza troops
occupy the capital.
Liverpool,, has created a profound
sensation in shipping circles following
the sinking of the, steamers off the
French and Belgian coasts by similar
These raids on commerce are re
garded here as demonstrating that
Germany it attempting to curry out
the reported threat of Admiral Von
Tirpt5 to prey on all shipping enter
ing British ports by the use of sub
marines. The 21, according to the
latest naval lists, is one of the largest
German submarines but it was not
thought their cruising radius was suf
ficient to enable them to reach a point
so far from their base.
l ive Injured In Wreck.
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan, 30. Five
persons were injured, none seriously,
today hy the derailment ai Callahan,
Fla., of the Atlantic Coast Line's New
York and West Indian limited, from
New York to Jacksonville.
IN ITALIAN CITIES
tv uosnin jauneAL picial iao ftmai
' Rome, Jan. HO (1 Hi p. m.j More
than 20,01111 injured refugees from
the district devastated ,y w earth
quake Jail Hurt' 13, ll.io been enn
ceatiated In tho ia("tl alone, while
nearly 13, Olid limi" have been ac
ccinnifd for at five ether Jlii'i.
The lists .lie 'by no mentis com
plete, for probably thousands of oth
er ate being cured fur in the lcio
ity of their hulies.
Naples Is sheltering Hl.iHIII refu
gees, Auullla .30. fhletu Tart, Te-
Iramo anil .Vienna ! i .
NEARLY LYNCH NEGRO
FOR ATTACKING WOMAN
Chicago. Jan. :!a I itleen men
who responded lo a woman's cries
for help tonight, i ndeavored to lynch
a negro who, It la alleged, they found j
strangling to wrest n handbag from j
Mrs. Vernii Hill. j
The negro, who rave tho miiiip of I
William Jones, wus taken to u barn!
in the neighborhood and was rescued1
by tho police wniie feme ot his cap
tors were searching fur n rop.
The man's nrniH an. I snkle were
broken and otic of his eves was al
most punc hed out,
Killnl llesci laliai,- Into Mine.
Clippie Creek, Colo, J.h so. M.
A i.ullai'Ke, a lesser at the l.jgau
mine, waa overcome tv foul air .while
descending the Mliaft tidn fell from
Ibe cage a lid Was killed The body,
'which lodged in the timbering at the
'bottom of the 7 .lit-fool t-liuft, was re
covered by fc crew of rescuer
j equipped w ith oxygen helmets.
n . , , . , r t
iNomiea dune uepanmeiu
Ul UUIt'tUUIIb It) ritlll UHUCI
IBV MONNINfl JOURNAL PKCIAL LKAIKO WINI)
Washington, Jon. 30. Diplomatic
phases of tho proposed purchase of
ships by the rnlt-d States govern-
that Sir Edward Grey had Informed
the state department that such Pttr-
i ettases, If including f.erman or Aus
trian ships, would pa renamed as
constituting an unneutral net.
It was slated positively ut the state
t department as wi
us the British em-
f ven It tne measure were cnnciea,
there was no reason to suppose that
(the United States government, exer
cising the powers designated by the
(doubt In his mind of the opposition
of Russia find France,
What the hypothetical clrcum
st uncos are to which the British am
bassador referred, have not been dis
closed, hut they tire presumed to re
late to tiny general or wholesale re
lease of German and Austrian ships
now docked In American ports.
Although the British ambassador
discussed the subject orally with Sec
retary Brynn recently, a distinction
was drawn nt tho embassy today be
tween tils personal views und any of
ficial expression by direction of his
IN RECEIVER'S HANDS
V MOSNINa JOURNAL RCIAL LIAUD IRI
Seattle, Wash.. Jan. 30. 1'nitcd
States District Judge Cushmun today
appointed Carl N. Johansnn of Seattle
receiver of the Uoldfleld Merger Mines
company and the Goldfleld Ieep
Mines company, two Washington cor
porations owning and operating valu
able mines in Nevada, on application
of Lucy V. S. Ames, a resident of
Missouri, and a share-holder in the
The complaint charges J. Boss Chirk
of Los Angeles and O. O. Whltemore
of San Francisco and C. E. Redman,
president and vice president of the
companies with mailing secret purch
ases of th controlling Interest in tho
companies and selling an enormous
ore bodv known as the Jumbo Mine
to a mlbsidary company owned by
the defendant, for 8,0d0. . Plaintiff
alleges that she was Induced to pur
chase shares In the companies on the
representations of Wbitemore that
former United States Senator Clark
was Interested In tho companies.
As receiver, Johanson was em
powered by Judge Cushman to exeit
his Receivership to, othfr Jurisdictions.
TO IKE KICK ON
HO CLA M
Official Eye-witness State
ment Given Out by War Of
lg Ton' Days of
SAID TO BE ENORMOUS
Detailed Account of Fifihting
in Western Theater of War
Reveals Many liitcrestins
1ST NOSHIS4 JOUNNAi. aPSCIM- I !! Wll!
I'ariK, Jan. M.I ft p. to. An -of I'i-
lul .. i:tuess Mlalemcnt wit issued
I bv Itie l i-eie li war utllee today ov-I
i.i-ii.r tl,-. i.,.i-i.,.l ..f 111., eilotlialull In!
Franco from .lanuaiy Hi to .lai.uerv
il It savs-
w,. ,.,i",. ........ !...., iihf hut
reijoli.e. I'mlcr the cover of Ittght
troops protecte, by purlubla hticklem
slip along' the dunes and roads, rap
Idly Improvising new defenses w.lh
sacks, buskets and cases filled with
earth, for deep trenches are lmp"
slhln in the sandy ground. The ar
tillery (supporting these operations has
made many of the Herman trenches
in tho dunes untenable.
The only infantry action around
Yprea occurred at dawn January 2a,
when a Herman Infantry company
deployed K.O yards from our lines
and charged ut double quick. Three
companies followed each other ut
short distances, supported by an on-
Tbls attack wa In-
i HI Hill iy I IIHRIHI I IV lilt Uiiiuv
ot .Ur infantry
jnipporled by art'.U-
Th o(tirfr ,.ommUndlng the
j company was the nrst to run, anu in
j a few minutes the ground was covered
1 with more than 8U0 Herman dead.
whllo many became entangled in the
barbel wire and were mailt prisoners.
Some of them, notwithstanding pain
ful Injuries from the barbs, toro them
selves out of tho tangle. The prls-
lolcnt Attack Itcpnlscd.
"British Infantry and French ar
tillery repulsed a violent attack a La
Bassee. Hundreds of dead still He In
the field. The attack was renewed
and again repulsed, the German loss
es bclnK at bast two battalion (2,000
"From Iji !!-' to Arras there have
been continuous artillery engagement.
the most violent at Blangy, which was
followed by an Infantry charge In
force. The entire shock was received
by three companies, which held thi Ir
ground In spite of a. formidable can
nonading by three-inch; four-Inch,
six-Inch anil eight -Inch guns, bombs,
and grenades. it been inn necessary
to abundon the burning houses at Ia
Fondorle which were destroyed by
Germans. Purl of our forces suc
ceeded in retiring; tho others were
killed or wounded and fell Into the
enemy's hands. '
"Three companies from the second
line of defense delivered several coun
ter-attack! wilt file and bayonet un
til the lost ground was regained.
"The action whs particularly vio
lent ut Iji BoIhi lie, being nearly con
tinuous from January 16 to January
2(1. A prlioner taken January IS
said that Emperor William has or
dered the occupation of this place,
In honor of the anniversary of til's
founding of the empire and promised
700 marks to whomsoever brought
back a French machine gun. No ma
chine gun wiih captured, but nine suc
cessive attacks wi re repulsed.
"Tho explosion of a depot of melan
llo permitted the enemy to capture
a small section of the trenches, but
they were driven out half an hour
later und tho cemetery at Iji Bolsello
was found lo be lull of German dead,
including several officers.
Lines In Close Contact.
"Around Solssons the eivmy had
gained no advantage since January
H. At Painsy the two adversaries
urn within 20 yards of each other
and the satno lino of barbed wire
serves fts a. defense for each side.
Four companies of Herman attacked
at this point, after the explosion of
a mine, but were repulsed, and a
counl.'r-attaeks drove the enemy from
the trenches. They left hundreds or
dead and many wounded. Our losses
was forty killed.
"There was a. three days battle nt
Berry-aii-lluc, beginning with a bom
bardment on January 20 which de
moralized our trenches and permitted
a successful attack by the infantry.
Tho enemy Installed himself In our
advanced trenches and resisted our
count er-uttack on January SI, from 8
o'clock until 11, when we reached
one trench and took a number of
'prisoners.. Tlhe other fr"nch wn
held until the 23rd, when an attack
by a single company of French In
fantry succeeded. The enemy left
twenty prisoners In our hands, but
Immediately engaged in an artillery
action lasting four hours. This fol
lowed by a counter-attack by the
German Infantry, which was repulsed
with heavy loss.
Both Sides Make Cuius.
"In the region of Tcrthes the Ger
mans tried desperately to reconquer
tho positions they had previously ltt,
but we maintained our position and
made further gains. The German
gained about lil yards of ntir nd
vmiich with their forces, but w galnel
more than thai.
"In lepretre Wood, northwest of
Poiil-a-Moussoii, wo have gained Im
portant successes In spHo of the fact
that part of the Hermans has since
The entire forest two mouth ago
was In the hands of tho Herimins.
Foot by foot We have cniiucred near
ly the whole of It. The fighting In
tills region has been particularly se
vere. In one Instance, on January
17, we ruptured sev eral of the enemy's
works In a counter-attack. An en
tire Herman company was taken, ut
cliidlnir several officers. On the ISth
we gained r.OU yards of th' enetnv's
trenches, while on the 19th we made
i ... . . . , . i . i.u....
an novuuee oi rati yarns itcjouu m.-r.
trenches. We picked up dead and
wounded In sufficient number to In
dicate that the enemy's losses In these
engagements were more than a bat
talion. "Since the F.Hh the Hermans have
conilniiiillv attacked this point desper.
alely, 1 tit have regained only II third
of (he ground lost.''
Trisips Display Heroism.
"In the Verges, Hartmann-Weilcr-kopf
was held by two suctions In the
beginning. (A section numbers six
teen men,) later these were rein
forced by three companies. Here our
c h u usse tit's made a heroic stand, but
this was liirlotisly attacked bv Im
portant forces of (he enemy In a
heavy snowstorm and fog. and unable
to see more llian ten yatils aheud of
tlo'm, this small detachment knowing
the KUurd hud only llilu cartridges, net
ml on January !! over the rockv de
clivity which was ol.siruei,ed by thick
ets, to save their comrades.
"Two coiupaiiliH tiled to reach the
' le iny's left; two others marched I
ward the r. Khl, but the Hi-rmans were
: strongly organised and the advance
; wH I"W. The men, slipping Oil the
Ice and falling back on accessory de
fenses, fought nil day. From the
summit tho guard heard tho firing.
and In the evening their trumpets
sounded a salute, our men continued
to gain ground on the 2lsl up the
slope, but slowly. The chnusseum still
held out. Assault after assault was
delivered, Two officers fell at the
head of their men, but In spite of the
Ice and barbed wire the force ad
"At nightfall nothing more wii
heard from tho summit and the
handful of valiant defenders mic
Climbed hefora help arrived. The re
llevlng party now commands the
summit of tho heights, preventing any
offensive movement by the enemy."
PHONY BUTTER SALES
BRING ON HEAVY FINES
lY MORNIN JOURNAL RRIOIAL LRAItO WIRtl
St. 'Louis, Mo., Jan. 30. Twenty
seven men were sentenced In the fed
eral district court here today t
heavy fine, or . Imprhonment or
both, for violation f th law, Impos
ing a tax on colored oleomargarine.
Of the twenty-seven, eight hud been
convicted by Juries and nineteen had
Most of the men were fined ,1,000
each. One was lined $10,000, Alt hut
one were given prison sentences,
ranifliu.' from thirty days to) three
and one-half years.
The heaviest sentence Was Imposed
on Lester 11. Kennedy, who, tho pre
siding Judge said, hud been the ring
leader In the conspiracy and hnd
Arbitration Details Not Completed.
Cleveland, ()., Jan. 30. Details Mr
tho arbitration of the wage contro
versy which has kept 1 5.000 coal
miners In the eastern Ohio fields Idle
for ten months, were not completed
today. A provisional agreement to ar
bitrate, was reached yesterday.
Summary of War
News of Yesterday
Another daring raid on British com
merce has been carried out success-
fullv bv a Herman warship. ThW
ovnlnlt mum iieeomlillshcd by a sub
marine which sank at least two steam
ers off the west coast of Knglai.i,
n... far from Liverpool. The crews of
both were saved.
England now believes Hi 'it Herniary
hns decided to make good the threat
of Admiral von Tlrpltz, H.nt submar
ines might be used to sink merchant
vessels flvlnir the llrltlsr flag. Tho
uti.i. u be tin. submarine far from Its
h ,..i,i ouiv i moil distance d'
the coast hu cmsel si s-tiditioti in
Nhlotiliiir circles, beiiiuso of the ftt
that steamers have already I" en suna
off the French and Belgian coasts.
The conflVt which Ipu embroiled
the greater part of Europe in tne
world's grciteHt w.ir, now lias l.t' d
half a year w'thint decisive advant
age having been gain" I n any find.
As the seven I h in uith of the slrutfgie
begins, new armies are iing organ
ized and new cumpulgns mapped out
This Is true, particularly in the east
where H if-In ha,- ih l ed again into
kher tremendous reserv es of men pr
puratory to an effort to detent de
cisively the Austro-Herman allies,
offlcl'il reports from ivirograd ere
optlmlHtlc, and claim victories of mole
or es Import tn -e for the, Russia tu
i various fields.
Engagements of only local Import
ance are recorded in official accounts
of operations on the western front.
Paris claims that the Hermans left "a
great number of dead" on tho field
to the north of Iximbnerlzydne, and
also before the English lines near La
Passe. A "slight" withdrawal of the
French troops In the Argonne Is ad
mitted. An official British statement
declares a German attack near Guln
chy was easily repulsed.
An nfflclsl statement Issued in
Vienna asserts the Austrlans have
scored Important success In tho snow
filled pusses of the Carpathians where
they are attempting to force hack
Emperor William has returned to
Berlin after spending his brlthday
at the western front, where he ob
served the operations of his troops. I
IX MONTHS OF
Except for Activities in Which
Russians Are Engaged Sit
uation Is Practically a Dead
lock. MUSCOVITES BATTLING.
TURKS IN CAUCASUS
ighting in Western Theater
Has Long Since Developed
Into a Series of Purely Lo
ff HORNINN JOURNAL RRR6.AL IRARR W1RR!
London, Jan. 30 (!i:f,fi p. ni ) Tltw
end of (be Hiuh month of Euroiie's
(Stent war finds Hi., armies of the bel
ligerent natloiiN completing prepara
tions for a new series of operations
or actually engaged In catnluigns, thn
extent of which hardly was anticipat
ed when the declarations of hostili
ties were made. In Flanders, France
and central Poland a deadlock still
exists, hut largely because of Rus
sia's tremendous resources and th
action of Turkey, the sphere of oper
ations hps been Widely extended.
Russia alone Is engaged In lighting;
hostHe armies from Tilsit, far Into
the north of East Prussia, to Tahrls,
In Persia, a distance of over 1.500
miles. Only that portion ot her terri
tory bordering on Rumania Is fre
from menace, hut according to her
reports, all Is going well with her
Immense armies. The- Russian mit-
tlnnklng movement In northern East
Prussia la said to he gaining momen
tum. ... . . .
The armies on each side of Tilsit
have rut the German railway be
tween that city and Memel, on the
llaltlc. - '
AncMlier Army AilvaiMinjr,
On the southern front, In , East
Prussia another army is advancing
toward tho German fortress of Thorn,
while still another Is holding a Una
of entrenchments which protect War
saw and which Oenerel von Htnden
burg has been trying to bntttf
through for thre months. Other ar
mies are again preparing to meet a
big Austro-Germun - fores which la
attempting to regain OuliefH and Bu
kowina, thereby turning Grand Duk
Nicholas' left wing.
To the eastward , the Muscovite
troops are battling against the Turk
In the Caucasus and Persia. They
apparently have Inflicted another de
feat on the Turkish forces, for tha
Russian official report says their op
ponents are retreating to Tahrlt,
w hile unofficial dispatches state that
tha Russians have reoocupied that
What Is regarded as the most lm
portunt campaign, however, Is that
which Is developing In tho Carpathi
ans, brought about hy the Austro
German officials design to drive the
Russians from Gallclu and Bukowlna,
thereby removing the menace of an
invasion of Hungary. The Austro-
Herman allies ure said to have con
centrated no less than (wenty-clght
army corps for this venture.
So far as can be gathered from
contradictory reports, the Russians
have won preliminary skirmishes In
the western passes from Pitkin to
Wysnkow, while to tho east they have
been forced to retire before superior
forces. The buttles which are being
fought In the snow, nre just com
mencing, however, and many' day
must pass before a, definite decision
Battles In the west- still consist cf
local engagements, although the Her
mans who apparently are preparing
for an extensive offensive before the
allies get their full strength Into the
field, occasionally deliver rather more
serious attacks, These are scattered
all along tho front from the sea to
tho Swiss frontier, but always coma
back to that portion of the allies'
lines which lies between the Hermans
and the French coast towns. Guinchy,
for example, which the British now
hold after driving back the Germans
who captured It on Monday, was at
tacked again yesterday and accord,
big to a. British report, the Germans
were repulsed, leaving 200 dead In
front of the trenches.
The Argonno too, has been the
scene of another attack and In this
case, according to a German report,
success fell to Emperor . William's
forces, who claim to hsve taken over
700 prisoners und counted between,
tOO and fiOO dead. . ,
In giving a review of these "local
affairs" between January 16 and 27,
a frenon eye witness declares all but
one nf them resulted In favor of the
Thero hits been more outpost fight
ing in the vicinity of the Sues canal,
but the latest reports say that the
Turks are withdrawing their advance
There still Is some doubt whether
they have definitely rommltted them
selves to-the march they must make
across the desert to invade Egypt.
Want Stock yards InvrKUgntcxl.
lies Moines, la., Jan. 30. A con
current resolution memorlllsing con
gress to Investigate the Union Stock
Yards at Chicago and the ortgln of
the hoof and mouth disease, wag
adopted by the Iowa senate, today.
NOT BEAMED Or
-'..... ... v., . .