IDMAN, Editor and Manager.
ai8t the Billings Postoffice as Second
S oie ...........-.........05
i UES.DAY, JANUARY 3, 1899.
J~cXPANSION AND THE WVEST.
Butte Miner: Says The Billings Ga
zette" in its latest issue: "Colonel
;, ryan was iu accord with the senti
' ment of.. the people of the far west in
i°has advocacy of free coinage, but is
squarely against them in his opposition
'4onational expansion. It will benefit
he waest vastly more than any other
saection of the country, and when the
wtestern people finally realize that free
acoinage is impracticable, Colonel
,.B$ryan will be a back number."
Now,, the question is how The Ga
zette got in possession of the informa
.tiontto warrant the assertion that Ool
,nel Bryan, in squarely against the west
i bn hisopposition to national expansion.
And another question, equally perti
nent,ý is how it has ascertained that the
people of the west are so strongly in
favor of expansion. And still another
;is as to how expansion is going to ben
efit the west more than any other sec
The Miner's three questions can be
answered in a single sentence; the peo
ple of the west are progressive. That
is how this newspaper determined Col
onel Bryan is against them in his anti
expansion views. As to the question,
"how expansion is going to benefit the
West," our Butte contemporary is cer
tainly not. serious in asking it. The
immense trade of our new foreign pos
sessions in the Pacific will all come. to
this country by way of our western
coast where, in another decade, per
haps, will be built 'a city as gerat as
New York; a city which will occupy
Sthe same relation to the Hawaiian and,
!Philippine islands, to China and Japan,
as New York now does to Europe.
'That will benefit the west, which the
Miner. we think, will hardly care to
Besides the natural development
which the building of such a city on
our western coast would afford this see
'lion of the country, it will become a
manufacturing center before long by
reason of this increased trade. How
long, think you, will the people of the
'West sit idly by and see the manu
factured articles required by our new
possessions transported across the con
tinent by rail to the Pacific coast?
They will produce them themselves.
The resources of the west, which have
scarcely been drawn upon yet, are sure
to undergo a marvelous development
under this new impetus. New avenues
of employment, besides mining, stock
growing and farming, will be opened
up for the western people; the popula
Stion should increase tenfold in as many
years. The old saying, "westward,
_ nrogress'takes its way," will
people are a progressive
said before, and, while
et had an opportunity
question of national
ballot boxes, there is
ir verdict. That is
an will be a back
t in his opposition to
est will be too pro
nd the Butte Miner,
kept full pace with
ess, will be no
new era of develop
k Hanna of Ohio, who is
the democratic press as
qualities of statesman
thor and champion of one
important measures now
ore congress. It is a bill
mtion of the American mer
wine, which Mr. Hanna thinks
passed at the present session.
jority of the senators, Mr. Han
tes, feel favorably toward the
and he has reason to believe
ese of representatives will pass
'I. The bill introduced in the
'last week by Mr. Hanna, in
vides that subsidies shall be
tain freight-carrying vessels,
America. The object of the
urage Americans in trans
cnn of a commercial char
people of foreign nations
nerhat marine inter
ted States should be
well as the steel in
," said Senator
use we have
i the commerce carryint vessels of
other countries of the world," tut latter- t
i`"w. hive been dropping be]iind Until e
at present only 6 per cent of th~ Ameiri- f
cani freight is carried in Amerian bbt- $
toms. "the cause of thisbonditioni.lies a
largely in the fact that England, Ger- I
many, France and other European coun- t
tries have protected their maritime in- d
terests by granting the vessel com- I
panies subsidies. The only natural (
thing for us to do if we wish to build a
up our maritime interests is to do the b
same thing. " tI
Those sentiments, we. believe,' will. c
strike the average man as contaiwring a.
very fair measure of statesmanship. It
is deplorable, indeed, when our im- I
mense foreign trade is considered, to c
reflect that only 6 per cent of it is car
ried in American vessels. The United I
States is practically without a mer
chant marine and it cannot be built up, a
it seems, without government aid. I
The government, in the interest of the g
people, should extend that aid, especial
ly when it is considered that the an
nnal saving which a merchant marine
of our own would effect to them is esti
mated by the most conservative at over 1
A FOOLISH STORY.
The Helena correspondent of the An- t
aconda Standard, in Sunday's issue,
notes the arrival of Senator Carter in
Montana's capital last Friday and then I
writes the following:
For a month rumors have been flying
about the state that Carter was going
to throw the fourteen republican votes
to Clark, on the theory that it would
disrupt and disorganize the democratic
party and render certain his re-election
in 1900. Carter is very emphatic in
his denial of these imputations. He
swears there is nothing in them. He
says such a procedure would cover the
republican party with disgrace and
infamy, and that any republican who
votes for Clark will be forever branded
as a traitor and a boodler, and be poli
tically and socially ostracised, just as
the republicans have been who voted
for Clark in 1893. The senator says
I Tom Marshall is the logical republi
can candidate for senator, and he hopes
and expect and fully believe that the
republican member will stand by Mars
shall, or some other good republican
from first to last. That is what
Carter says. And still the Clark
keep claiming several republican
at the start and the whole buno
That is such a foolish story
wonder that Senator Carter to es the
pains to deny it. He is right, how
ever, in predicting that any republican
who votes for Clark will be everlasting
ly disgraced. The men who did that
thing six years ago are still held in
contempt by the people of Montana, of
all parties. And, those men, when you
recall who they were and remember
0 that it was said they were paid many
e thopsand dollars apiece for betraying
their party, are all in straightened cir
Scunmstances today. Which goes to prove
k the truth of the old saying that money
d obtained by dishonorable methods does
' not stay with a nian. BUt dishonor
y stays with him and the disgraceful les
son taught six years ago in Helena
1 through the shameless tactics of the
Clark boodlers preying upon weak
'e human natures ought to last Montana
1e for a century.
It also ought to forever debar any
man, democrat or republican, from vot
ing for W. A. Clark for senator. It
would be a disgrace to the state to elect
him and give color to the belief in tht
east that our own beloved Montana
which has not a peer in the Union in
any respect, is only a rotten borough
The problem of maintaining the
$100,000,000 gold reserve, which wai
such a bugaboo of the Cleveland admin
istration, seems to have solved itsel:
with the return of prosperity to the
country. The reserve of.gold in the
treasury is now $28J,000,000, the high
est point in the financial history of the
government, and when gold is paid ou
by the sub-treasuries it quickly finds iti
way back to the treasury at Washing
ton, the financiers preferring currency
with which to transact business. This
is hard on the theory of the free coin
age advocates that there is not golc
enough in the country, and it is nc
wonder that they are weakening and
casting about for another "paramount'
The board of stock commissioners
recommends the repeal of the law giv
ing a bounty on coyotes, and the rais
ing of the bounty on wolves. The lat.
ter proposition is all right, of course, ii
the state can afford it, but the great
sheep interests of this state demand
that the bounty on coyotes lie retained.
The cattlemen, who urge that only the
wolves destroy their herds, cannot ex
pect the state to protect them and leave
the Bocks of sheepmen to the mercy of
the coyotes. That would be rank class
legislation and the legislature, we be
lie, vilJ *ew evn cogtemplate such
The Philipsburg Mail, published in
the greatest silver camp in Montana,
evidently realizes the hopelessness of
free coinage, as well as the necessity
for it, expressing itself on the subject
as Tillows: "While Mr.' Biyan .still
insists that silver will be an issue with
his party in 1900, it is said that he has
dropped the word 'paramount' since
his recent visit to Washington. Mr.
Oleveland, representing the gold stand
ard democrats, appears to feel much en
bouraged over the outlook, and'the over
throw of the silver cause in the demo
cratic party is all but assured."
Grover Cleveland today stands a
better chance to be president than Col
onel W. J. Bryan, but from present in
dications no democrat can possibly
have any hope of election before 1904.
And by that time this country will be
so large that the democrats will not
have the hardihood to even attempt to
Yellowstone county's two represent
atives in the legislature, The Gazette
was informed by a state senator recent
ly, are both classed as Clark men. Can
that be possible? If so, where was the
trusted lieutenant of the Daly forces in
Yellowstone when the democratic con
vention was held last fall?
The Gazette wishes all its readers
and patrons a happy and prosperous
New Year. Although the year just
closed has been a prosperous one, we
trust that the one just before ous may
be much more so and that all may reap
This democratic legislature may be
bad enough to elect W. A. Clark to the
United States senate, but we doubt it,
although we confidently believe that it
will not be so bad as to repeal the anti
I am ferninst expansion, says Col. W.
J. Bryan, yet the erstwhile colonel
keeps expanding those uammoth lungs
Is Bound Over to the District Court
One Thousanld Dollar Bonuds.
eliminary hearing of Frank a
the south side saloonkeeper,
S with attempting to end the life
of one Jack Coyne in Mike Reardon's
saloon on Saturday nightDec. 24, took c
place before Justice Fraser Saturday
afternoon in the presence of a number
The examination was conducted by i
Jas. H. Johnston, deputy county attor
ney, while Savaresy was defended by 1
F. H. Hathhorn. No new develop
ments were brought out during the ex- 1
amination; in fact the main witnesses I
of the shooting were conspicuously I
absent from some cause. At' the time
of the shooting and when taken into
custody, Coyne, the wounded man,-Told
Deputy Attorney Johnston and Jailer
Hart that Savaresy was the man who I
shot him, but on the witness stand
stated that he was so drunk at the time
that he could not tell who did the
shooting and said he didn't know
whether or not it was Savaresy.
Mike Reardon, in whose place the
shooting occurred and who was an
eye-witness of the same, could not be
located by the authorities when the pre
liminary was called and it was hinted
that he had been urged to leave the
city for the present and not testify
Another witness, one Maxwell, who
was also present at the time of the
shooting, had mysteriously disap
peared. But despite the absence of
these witnesses, Justice Fraser, at the
suggestion of the prosecuting attorney,
bound Savaresy over to the January
term of district court in bonds of
$1,000, which were furnished by L. H.
Fenske and A. J. Gilsdorf.
County Attorney Johnston is deter
mined to ferret the case to the very
a bottom and if such a thing is possible
will have the necessary witnesses pres
ent when the case is called up in the
district court in about two weeks.
A GOOD WORD FOR BILLINGS.
Will Sutlerlin Says It in His Rocky
W. H. Sutherlin, in his paper, the
Rocky Mountain Husbandman, speak
ing of his trip home to White Sulphur
r Springs from Omaha, where he was su
s perintendent of the Montana exhibit at
the Omaha exposition, says:
"The Burlington trains seldom fail
to make time and to catch up seventy
to one hundred miles on the last few
I hours of its run is but fun. Billings
on time is the usual way and here the
Northern Pacific is boarded for the fur
ther trip west. It is pleasing to note
that Billings is prospering. The 'mer
chants say that trade i! good and the
new buildings in course 6f erection is
evidence that the people have faith in
its future. And well they may, for
the country surrounding is proving to
be all that has ever been claimed of it
.as an agricultural region, though de
velopment as yet has scarcely reached
to one-third the proportions it could
and will sustain. Billings will be first
to catch the large immigration that is
coming Mobtsna" wards next year, °mnd
its thrifty appIearance will do doubt at
tract many't0 cast their -fortunes hi the
Yelld6stone valley. r'romin ilBings
eapt` and west the 1tbrthei . Pacific
ratlid 1is maintafuing iia u.dai ' pl
ser e, runningd heavy, train''"
.EW COUNTY OFtICERS 1
Were Inducted Into Office Yesterday With
Exceptio4 of Couaty Trheasure.':
Yesterday waib a legal, hol1ay for
New Years, 'whiah fell on 'npday,
tfill it was the time set by the attorney'
general for the new county officers to
take their seats, provided their prede
iessors were present to turn over the
oices. Attorney,-'General Nolat made
a ruling "alohng' these lines, so the
change of counzt offices was to be made
on Monday and Tuesday. Jan. 2 and 8.
The new. officers of. Yellowstone
county took their seats yesterday, with
the exception of county tireasurer, who
ioes not go into office, until about
March 5. This is a ruling made in
order to permit the county treasurer to
sell property for delinquent taxes and
close up his books; * This gives County"
treasurer George a new lease on life.
Sheriff Berky balanced up his books
Saturday night and on yesterday turned
over the same and his official keys to
Geo. W. Hubbard, his successor..
Under Sheriff Newman is succeeded
by J. T. Sayles of -Park City, while
Jailer Hart turns over his keys to C.
W. Harding of Musselshell.
Nat G. Carwile succeeds S. F. Morse
as county clerk and. recorder, and hav
ing been the latter's deputy, the work
will be "allee samee" to Mr. Carwile.
The new incumbent has made the best
official Yellowstone eobunty has ever
had and has few equals as a bookkeeper
and accountant. He is courteous and
agreeable and although he differs " poli
tically from this paper, it is no breach
of policy when we say that he will no
doubt be prominently mentioned for
state auditor two years hence. Mr.
Carwile has selected as his deputy Will
H. Morse, one of the most popular
young men of our city, and who is pos
sessed of splendid business ability.
They will make a' team hard to beat.
County Attorney W. M. Johnston,
who has ably filled that position for the
past two years, succeeds himself and
will continue to be a terror to criminals.
No man has filled the office of county
superintendent better than Gwen F.
Burla and it is a satisfaction to know
that under his supervision the schools
of the county have advanced nicely.
Mr. Burla succeeds himself and if the
past is any criterion the coming two
years will mean much for the county
Geo. T. Lamport will continue for
two years to survey the county roads,
having succeeded himself.
Richard C. Wells, by a vote of the
people, has assumed the role of county
assessor, succeeding Elmer Summers,
and that the new official will be an
eye-sore to tax-dodgers goes without
In the justice courts, A. Fraser and
James Kelly succeeded themselves and
will, as in the past, dispense justice to
criminals brought before them.
Chas. Spear has been inducted into
office as public administrator. Mr.
Spear needs noflintroduction to our peo
ple and all know that money left in
estates will be in safe and economic
Vigo Lieberg, who was duly elected
coroner, failed to qualify and the com
missioners appointed Dr. E. P. Town
send, who has served in that capacity
fcr sometime past, to fill the vacancy.
Hon. Oscar Gruwell and Hon. John
D. Losekamp, who succed Hon. A. L.
Babcock and Hon. T. C. Armitage as
state senator and representative, re
spectively, have gone to Helena and en
tered upon their legislative duties.
A LITTLE PREVIOUS.
A Correspondent of a Gebo Paper Marries
Two People in Advance.
Red Lodge Picket: The Red. Lodge
correspondent of the Gebo paper, hav
ing united A. M. Peters of Billings in
marriage with Mrs. Jessie Thoburn of
this city, without the knowledge or
consent of the parties, it will be in
order for the said correspondent to
make the"amende horrible" by insti
tuting divorce proceedings in the next
issue of the. Gebo Conclusion Jumper.
That reliable publication says tly
couple were "nnited in marriage Sun
day, the 18th inst., by W. H. Watson,"
but in view of the fact that the cere
mony hasn't yet been performed it may
be as well to again adjure the. Gebo
paper that it were better to know a
little than so blamed much that isn't
At the Grand.
Friday, Dec. 30.-N. R. Wessel, D.
Valentine, Helena; C. P. Holmes,
Minneapolis; W. H. Strader, St. Paul;
John Hennice, Junction; M. L.
O'Brien, Glendive; C. S. Haire, Hel
ena; W. L. G. Unger, Laurel.
Saturday, Dec. 31.-J. B. Miller,
Springfield; H. C. Nutt, W. T. Metz,
Sheridan; H. L. Miller, Glendive; J.
W. Gardner, Laurel; G. D. Ball,
Dickinson; Wm. Foerschler, Butte.
Sunday, Jan. 1.-Tom Smith, Chi
cago; G. G. Stockwell, Sheridan; F.
C. Woodward, Joliet; Mike Elmore,
Carbon; Roy G. Butler, Butte; H. H.
Ross, Helena; A. Stanton, . London;
John Rapelje, Glendive.
Monday, Jan. 2.-R. Kirk, city;
John D. Halliday, Galveston; Pat La
velle, J. B. Annin, Columbus; H. S.
Withington, F. Hanna and wife, Juno
tion; Theo. L. Ringwalt, Gebo; F. F.
Arnold, U. S. A., Fort Yellowstone,; C.
Emmerick, Glendive;, Chas. 'A.
Sohlappi, Montana; M. L. O'Brien,
What Is Shloh ?
A grand old remedy for Cough, Colds
and Consumption-' 'used through. the
.rorld for half a Century, has 't in
numerable cases of incipient co. .p
lion And. Yelieved many in adazd
stages. It you are not satisfied 1
results we will refund your
Q ots. and $1;00., 8i&4
During these prosperous times
people look for an attractive,
'useful Xmas - gift for 'their
friends and relatives. *
ELiebevg, ,Holmes&:. Calhounlf
have the latest in HOLIDAY
NOVELTIES. Our Holiday
Prices are so reasonable that all
can afford to buy.
ultiEds .HOJLD 'CONSULT T 'EI "O.-.I IN-,
U TEREST AND, BUY
-w. T. YOu A jI
Close Cutter on Every Class of Building Material. ,
Location-N. P. Right-of-Way, South Side, Billings, Montana.,
A. L. Babcock Hardware.Co.
Savag , Winchester, Marlin Rifles,
Colts and Smith & Wesson Revolvers,
Ammunition and Sporting Goods.
STATE AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED
CY( LONE CAMERAS AND PHOTO SUPPLIES.
1899 MODEL BICYCLES
Yellowstone Valley Mills CONNETION
IN OUR NEW STORE
THE FINEST IN EASTERN 7MONTANA.
PAUik MecOR1MIYI co.
Wholesale and Retail Groeers
and fealevs in Qene8al Mevehandise.
Come and See Us in the New Wardwell Block,
SiCrystal Springs Hard Coal Constantly on HandAll
Donouon p pepU
Wish to announce to the good people of
Billings and surrounding country
that we are headquarters for
Studebaker Wagons and Buggies, .
Barb Wire, Nails, Lawn Mowers .
-AND A FULL LINE OF-
Yours to please, "
;anciain. ..Donooan $s 8peaor
lT VESTIBULED TRAINS-DINING CARS.
S ST. PAUL
MINNSAPOLIS . TIME CARD-BILLINGS.
EABT&SOUT No.2Aiauowinu.s I ba. m. `I 8:4 a. m.
EAST &,SOUTH No. 2- A A.
To No.1, ia&fo a.. 6830 p. m. 6I o p. m.
BUTTE G7T PERMIT AT TRIOT On. on oB Parmnts.
SPOKANEI DAILY zoapTr sUeDA
TTLE Bed Lodge Aooom....... :A p.m. 7J0 a. m.
TAN A Bridger Carbon Accom 5 45p.m. I 700 a. m.
'!L A rough Tickets to all pointsi the United
NStates Caad . Alaska Ch Japa . _MaIp.
SOHINA Pu"lind #ers on la pition.i Exoping e
S Or fo salestw oe_ o thet P. e.
,. N.-- Q !"is-. . .y y F . PullhiinTIrat-Claui PTouriat SleepingCars
~ýl . 1
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