A:itnnual Review'r of. the o.'rade ol
the Tnited 'States as Re
ported byt R; G. tin.
AN IMPORTANT ONE
From Many Points of View-Finan
eial Power on This Side-A
Triumph in Finance.
New York, Dec. 30.-R. G. Dun &
Co.'s weekly review of trade will say
in tomorrow's issue: The year 1898
has not only been one of victory, of im
portant increase of territory and of
incalculable expansion of the influence
of the United states among other na
tions, but has surpassed all other years
in financial and industrial results. The
center of financial power has crostd
the ocean. After paying debts of
several hundred millions abroad and
conducting a war.to an honorable end,
the country is lending so many millions
in Europe that for the 'first time the
banks abroad look to New York to dic
tate the rate of exchange. Exports
have been about $1,250,000,)00 and the
excess over imports about $617,000,
000, against $857,000,000 in 1897, and
only two previous years has the balance
risen to $800,000,000. In no past cal
endar year have net imports of gold
reached $75,000,000, but this year they
have been about $140,000,000. Novem
ber passed all previous months in value
of produce exports over imports, but
December has gone much beyond
November. Power in the world's mar
ket comes with a demand for bread
stuffs and other necessaries ever before
equalled. Exports of cotton have been
over 7,700,000 bales-about 3,936,000,
000 pounds-and in no previous year as
much as 7,000,000 bales, or 3,500,000,
000 pounds. Exports of breadstuffs
have been in value $288,918,294 in
eleven months and have never been as
large in any other year. Exports of
wheat for the year, lacking a day or
two, have been 218,594,686 bushels,
flour included, slightly exceeded only,
by 225,665,812 bushels in 1892, and of
corn', 200,979,077 bushels, only ap
proached by 189,127,570 in 1897. The
heaviest exports of both grain and flour
in any previous year were 59,000,000
bushels smaller, only 360,220,513 in
1897. Though wheat was raised to
$1.91 in May, the highest quotation,
with the highest monthly average for
thirty years, 1583.2, so that the
average for the first half year was
111.11, exceeded slightly in 1891, but
the highest since 1894. The December
average has been only 72 cents, 20
cents below that of last year, but the
clear average of 93 cents is the highest
The triumph has been largely due to
industrial progression. The output of
pig iron was about 11,645,000 tons,
the greatest yet reached in any year by
two million tons, and greater than
Great Britain ever reached by 2,800,.
000 tons. Yet the consumption in
manufacture has been still larger, in
spite of net exports of pig in ten
months, 163,089 tons for unsold stocks
were reduced in eleven months, 380,
000 tons. Exports of iron manufac
tures in ten months were about $87,
644,53. in value, against imports of
$13,497.817. The prices shown for the
year in the table comparisons have
been unusually steady, varying not 5
per cent for pig to the lowest, to the
highest and for finished products not 6
Textile industries have been retarded
by high prices of wool and abnormally
low prices of cotton, both deterring
purchases. In three months cotton
reached $5.81, the lowest price for fifty
years, the greatest yield ever known
being followed by receipts since Sep
tember of 857,000 bales larger than last
year. Exports have increased, but not
as greatly. Toward the'close recovery
came with accounts of some destruction
by storm, and the price reached $5.87,
giving strong impulse to the manufac
tare, so the takings by northern and
southern spinners in the calendar year
have been 3,425,200 bales, little greater
than in any previous crop year. Goods
were, reduced in price 5 per cent to the
middle of November, but have risen 7
per cent and closed at the highest point
for the year., In spite of the enormous
stocks held, wool was so lifted that
buying both of wool and goods was
checked early in the year, but slow de
cline began in February. Sales have
been only 282,451,131 pounds at the
chief markets, so that mills have prob
ably used less than a full year's supply
and the stook of goods was also exces
sive a year ago.
Failures in the United .~tates for the
}e k were 252. and in Canada 22;
, 274, against 189 last week, 292
preceding week, and 416 the corres
`gweek of last year, of which 895
in the Vnited States and 21 in
SOf the fallures in the United
74 .have liabilities exceeding
;and ,178 - iabilities less than
S ,For four weeks of December
i$abilities of firms failing were
a60i, ag. t $10,866,586 last
: Tawas lata@SrS
tsrro e thousands of
beoab its utbreak is
1add frequ tJ7 fatal.
and Gonen ption Cure
oiaes of c ° -. It has
to fail. worst
LATCRB.ERWS IN BRIEF.
T .:o Kansas senate has passed the
populist railroad bill.
The number of legal executions in
1898 was 109, as against 128 in 1897.
Governor-elect Roosevelt of New
York took the oath of office Saturday
Two cases of Asiatic leprosy are re.
ported in Perry county, Ohio, the
afflicted being young women.
Coongress will meet again tomorrow
and about the first matter to be taken
up will be the Spanish treaty.
The French. ministry of the colonies
deny the report that Dreyfus has em
barked from Cayenne on his return to
Negotiations for the payment of CuO
ban troops are progressing. The idea
is to advance the money, charging it to
Friars have offered for sale all their
possession7 in the Philippines, which
consist of many thousand acres of the
richest land in the islands.
The Old Transylvania university at
Lexington, Ky., which has been estab
lished- 100 years, celebrated its centen
nial anniversary Sunday in a most fit
Joseph Vacher, the French "Jack,
the Ripper," has been guillotined. Al
though only 29 years of age he is
known to'have brutally murdered over
Orders have been issued by Secretary
Long directing the discharge of a large
number of men who enlisted for one
year from ships undergoing repairs at
various navy yards.
According to the statistics compiled
by the Chicago Tribune the loss of life
from various disasters in this country
between January 1 and the morning of
December 31, 1898,'was7,346.
Secretary of State Hay has disap
proved the Scrymser •concession grant
ing exclusive cable rights to land cables
in Hawaii for twenty years to the Pa
cific Cable company of New York.
The son of a wealthy and influential
resident of Chicago has been arrested
in New York on a charge of forgery.
He is at the head of a slick gang of
forgers, but has run the end of his rope.
Beginning with the first of the year,
a 2-cent stamp will pay the postage on
any letter of the weight of one, ounce
or less from any part of the United
States to any part of the dominion of
Work on the battleship Ohio has been
begun at the Union Iron works in San
Francisco. The Ohio will be the
largest ship ever built 'on the Pacific
coast and one of three largest ever built
in the American navy.
The local office.of the Wells-Fargo
express at San Antonio, Texas, suffered
a, loss of $60,000 a few days ago at the
hands of the driver of the delivery
wagon, to whom the amount had been
intrusted for delivery to firms.
A leading Madrid paper publishes an
interview with a Spanish minister,
whose name is not given, which repre
sents him as declaring that the advent
of the conservatives to power is only
delayed by Senor Sagasta's illness.
Orders have "been issued for the dis
patch of additional troops to Cuba to
assist in the maintenance of good gov
ernment' there. The orders are ad
dressed to Maj. Gen. J. H. Wilson,
commanding the first army corps at
Senor Don Matias Romero, Mexican
ambassador to the United States, died
at the embassy in Washington Friday.
He was operated upon last Wednesday
for appendicitis and although the oper
ation was entirely successful the am
bassador never recovered from the
The California legislature commenced
its biennial session yesterday at Sacra.
mento. A United States senator tc
succeed Stephen M. White will be elect
ed by the legislature this year and as
that body is overwhelmingly republi
can a man from that party will be
The transport Obdam has sailed from
Savannah, Ga., with the First bat.
talion of the Third Nebraska volun
teers, bound for Havana, where Amerin
can soldiers are wanted. The second
and third battalions will leave soon on
the Roumania, which is now undergo.
Grant C.Gillett, the departed Kansas
cattle plunger, has written several
letters to persons at Abilene and has in
one lengthy communication given a
story of his cattle deals, his profits and
losses. He says: "I may get tired of
Mexico and come home -soon." The
letters are mailed on the railroad near
the Mexican border.
Among the measures coming before
the North Dakota legislature during its
session will be one providing for more
stringent divorce laws. A large ele
ment of the people are ashamed of the
record gained by the state on account
of the laxity of the present law on this
subject, and are anxious to shut off. the
excursions thither of matrimonial mis
The department of state has received
from the United States minister at
Constantminople information that the
minister of foreign affairs of Turkey
has informed him that the Turkish
government had no intention to prevent
American citizens, whether Jews or
Christians, coming as individuals and
not en masse from visiting Syria or
Palestine as travelers or visitors.
Count de Jotemps of Paris, France,
has closed a contract for the purchase
of about $5,000,000 worth of motor
vehicles of Chicago manufacturers.
The count is president of thbe American
Motor general agency, with headquart
ers at Paris and ofloes at every capital
in Europe. The aim of this company,
It is said, is to control the auropean
agency for the sale of American mannu
factured motor vehicles,
Mrs. Cordelia Botkin, Friday night
at San Francisco, was round guilty of
murder in the first degree for causing
the death of Mrs. John P. Dunning by
sending a box of poisoned candy to her
to Dover, Del. The condemned mur
deress will be spared an igndminious
death on the gallows, however, the jury
that. found her guilty imposing also the
penalty of life imprisonment.
Funeral services over the remains of
the late Senator Justin S. Morill of
Vermont were held in the United
States senate chamber Saturday. They
were conducted with impressive dignity
in the presence of a distinguished as
semblage, including the president
and vice-president, members of the cab
inet, justices of the supreme court, sen
ators and representatives in congress
and other pfficials, as well as a con
course of private citizens.
Eastern brokers will consolidate
paper manufactures of the country,
which will involve about $40,000,000.
The purpose of the consolidation is to
eliminate competition, stop overproduc
tion and make a condensation of lines
of manufacture, so that the mill best
adapted to make a certain grade of
paper may restrict its attention to that
especially, and thus, by utilizing all
machinery and capital invested to ad
vantage, get the best results.
Rear Admiral Sampson is to retaiin
command of the North Atlantic squad
ron, Commodore J. W. Philip is to
command the Brooklyn navy yard,
Commodore H. F. Picking is to com
mand the Boston navy yard, Captain
Louis Kempf is to command the naval
station at Guam and to be naval gov
ernor of that island. Rear Admiral
Schley and Rear Admiral H. L. How
ison are to be assigned to sea duty.
The assignments were announced by a
high official of the navy department as
having been determined by Secretary
GENERAL STATE NEWS.
The Methodists of Big Timber will
erect a new parsonage soon.
Miss Sadie F. Malloy of IIllinois has
been appointed assistant teacher at the
Fort Shaw Indian school at $540 a
The comptroller of the currency has
appointed the Liberty National bank of
New York as the reserve agent for the
State National bank of .Miles City.
L. C. Olmstead of Big Timber, repre
senting a company, has just secured a
franchise for furnishing Glendivd with
electric light and will put in a plant
State Senator Hannah, who left Big
Timber last May to join the Montana
regiment and returned Saturday, was
tendered a rousing. reception Saturday
night by his home people.
In a rear-end freight collision on the
Great Northern near Fort Benton last
Friday, Rev. Father De Manez, rector
of the Catholic church of Lewistown,
was so badly injured that he died soon
State Senator Hannah of Sweet Grass
county, who left Montana as a member
of the First regiment of Montana vol
unteers, has returned to his home and
was on hand at the assembling of the
state legislature yesterday.
The biennial report of the trustees of
the state reform school at Miles City
shows that the gross. expenses for 1897
were $20,118.79 and for 1898, $19,
541.27. The school has seventy-three
inmates, sixty-one boys and . twelve
H. H. Nelson, a Ewell-known sheep
man of Cascade county, has sued the
Great Northern railroad for $4,576.67,
for alleged damages claimed to have
been sustained through the company's'
management of thirteen carloads of
sheep loaded in this state and destined
for the Chicago market.
The state furnishing board on Friday
awarded the contract for the printing
of the various state reports, etc., to the
State Printing company. There was
some delay in the awarding of the con
tract, owing to the fact that allegatins
had been made that there had been
overcharges in the last contract.
An unofficial estimate, made in ad
vance of the formal and official reports
that will be issued later, indicates that
the value of the principal products of
the state during 1898, including metals,
live stock, coal, lumber and grain, will
be in the neighborhood of $84,000,000,
which is an enormous increase as com
pared with a year ago.
Maj. Henry Elling, the president of
the Society of Montana Pioneers, is
anxious that all pioneers send him their
names, addresses, places of nativity
and date of arrival within the confines
of what is now Montana. Mr. Elling
is anxious that a complete record of all
the old timers may be compiled before
the state society meets in Virginia City
Judge smith, at Helena Saturday,
denied the motion for a new trial in
the case of the state vs. Joseph Allen,
convicted of murder in the fst degree
and sentenced to hang for killing J. S.
Reynolds in Lewis and Clarke county
last summer. J. M. Clements, Allen's
attorney, will appeal to the supreme
court. Failing to secure a new trial
from that tribunal, it is expected he
will appeal to the governor to commute
the sentence to life imprisonment.
Sheriff Regan of Silver Bow county
has gone to Richmond, Va., with a re
quisition for L. S. Hatobh, arrested in
that city on the charge of having em
bezzled money from the Mutual Life
Insurance company, while agent for
the company in Butte. The particular
offense for which Mr. Hatch is wanted
is the alleged embesslement of $790.60,
which he collected on a check given the
company about a year ago by Oolonel
Kessler in payament of the first premium
on a $25,000 life insurance policy.: - 1
Hon. J. H. COalderhead, commis
sioner of the Montana bureau of aagri
culture, labor and industry, has.proved
'himself the right man for the place.
During the year he engaged Prof. Frank
W. Traphangen to analyze some of the
food prodnucts sold in the state. The
result of these investigations appears in
the forthcoming report of the commis
seuner. Prof.. Traphagen finds that the
sugar is well up to the standard, but
coal oil, baking powder and oleomar
garine should be improved. The ne
cessity of legislation to secure a better
grade of coal oil is clearly pointed out.
The Methodists of the state will hold
a three days' session Jan. 24, 25 and 26
in the Mountain View church of Butte.
Extensive preparations are being made
for a grand rally of the preachers, lay
men and other members of the church.
An extensive programme has been ar
ranged, which will include reports from
the several districts in the state. A
large number of papers will be read by
men and women who know much
about the subjects asigned to them.
j. H. Calderhead, commissioner of
the state bureau of agriculture, labor
and industry, is Working in connection
with Donald Bradford, secretary of the
state arid land commission, with a
view to the encouragement of immigra
tion to this state. The report of the
bureau of agriculture, labor and indus
try, which is now being printed, will
contain a map of every county in the
state, together with a brief description
of the location, character of the soil,
resources, climatic conditions, etc.
This is a new and important feature of
the report, and has been inserted with
a view to the dissemination of informa
tion sought for by persons in search of
good agricultural land.
The annual report of the state board
of charities and reform-Rev. E. J.
Groenveld of Butte and Mrs. M. S.
Crimmins and Rev. W. W. Van Orsdel
of Helena-for the present year, makes
a number of pertinent recommendations
for the different state institutions in
the board's jurisdiction. The board
has words of praise for the management
of the penitentiary, insane asylum and
soldiers' liome, all of the institutions
visited by the board. Important rec
ommendations in regard to the peni
tentiary are that the parole system be
adopted and that the state organize an
employment bureau to furnish work
fo. the discharged convicts while they
are under the stigma resulting from
their late incarceration.
The curse of overworked womankind,
are quickly and surely cured by Karl's
Clever Root Tea, the great blood purifier
and tissue builder. Money refunded if
not satisfactory. Price 25 cts. and 50
cts. Sold by Chapple Drug Co.
TO SUCCEED JUDGE BRANTLY.
Governor Smith Names Wellington Nap
ton, Son of a Famous Chief Justice.
Governor Smith Saturday afternoon
announced the appointment of Welling
ton Napton of Deer Lodge to the posi
tion of judge of the Third judicial dis
trict, to succeed Theodore Brantly, who
has been elected chief justice. The ap
pointee is a young man in the thirties,
and a brother of the late Thomas Nap
ton. His father, Thomas Napton, was
for many years chief justice of Mis
This appointment settles what has
been an interesting matter since the
people of Montana called Theodore
Brantly up higher. There have been
several candidates for the hono'r of suc
ceeding Judge Brantly, among, them
being Colonel O'Leary of Anaconda,
W. H. Trippett of the same town,
Judge Durfee of Philipsburg ani ,Mr.
Rodgers, a brother of the United States
The governor also appointed D. A.
Cory of Helena a member of the arid
land commission to succeed the late Dr.
Mitchell, for the term expiring April
3, 1899, and Dr. W. C. Riddell to be a
member of the state medical board,
snucceding himself, for the term expir
ing November 3, 1905.
You Try It.
If Shiloh's Cough and Consumption
Cure, which is sold for the small price of
25 cts., 50 cts. and $1.00, does not cure
take the bottle back and we will refund
your money. Sold for over fifty years
on this guarantee. Price 25 cts. and 50
cts. Sold by Chapple Drug Co.
Prison Contractors See Good Results of
Giving Convicts Short Diminutions.
The state board of pardons has ap
proved the action of Governor Smith in
granting diminutions of sentence to
John Davis, committed from Ravalli
county Feb. 28, 1898, for one year for
grand laroeny,,and to Nils J. Anderson,
sent up from Carbon April 29, 1897,
for two years for burglary.
The board has received a letter from
Conley & McTague, the prison con
tractors, upon the beneficial results of
granting shot diminutions of sentence
in the cases of convicts worthy of the
same. The contractors find the system
effective iI keeping the conduct of the
prisoners up to the proper standard.
The contractors try to accept as trusties
those prisqners whose conduct has been
good, and as all are anxious to become
trusties they are apt to be very careful.
"When made trusties we find that
the certainty of getting a little extra
time off seems to eradicate from their
eiiBd. any thought of escape," wrote
the contractors. "That this is true you
san readily see from the fact that we
are so free from escape upon the part of
prisoners employed outside the walls. "
Many a Love
.as turned with disgust trom an other
rise lovable girl with-an e breath.
Wrl's Clover Root T the
reith by its action on th etc.,
s notldng else will. Sol r O1
olle guarantee. Prih and
0 ete2 8old,' Obapple] -
Dyspepsia can be, cured by using
Acker's Dyspepsia . Tablets. One little
Tablet will give immediate relief or
money refunded. Sold in bandsomne tin
boxes at 25 cents. Sold by Chapple
Experience is the best teacher. Uss
Acker's English Remedy in any case of
coughs, colds or croup. Should It fail tc
give immediate relief money refunded
25 cents and 50 cents. Sold by Chapple
GRU WELL & GASS
Has Been Refurnished--and
Supplied with the Best
Single and Double Rigs
hivery for the City Trade a Speeialty
ROBERT bI. NIX, Prop.
A Quiet Place for Business Men
and Courteous Treatment.
Montana Avenue, Center of Main Block.
William's Kidney Pills
Has no equal in diseases of the
Kidneys aLd Urinary Organs. Have
you neglected your Kidneys? Have
you overworked your nervous sys
tem and caused trouble with your
Kidneys and Bladder? Have you
pains in thq loins, side, back, groins
and bladder? Have you a flabby ap
pearance of the face, epecially
under the eyes? Too frequent de
sire pass urine ? William's Kidney
Pills wili impart new life to the dis
eased organs, tone up the system
and n. li; new man of you. By
mail!r' .nts per box.
W. , s sMr. Co., Props., Cleveland,O.
For S ile by Chapple Drug Co.
O--YEGEN YEGEN- YEGEN - YEGEN YEGEN--Q
E .are now making the best line
of Light and Heavy Harness
iii the state. Breeching Harness from
$32.oo up to $75.00, cut from Hoffman's
No. I Oak Stock. Call and see our
line of Saddles, all hand.made from the
very best of California stock, with any
tree desired. Remember, we make
ji st what you order and replace cheer
1h ly anything we guarantee. Courteous
7- tment to everybody and prices to
,. the times. Repairing neatly done
P' short notice.
Y EN BROS.I
F X. N. I. NRADEMIAKER, Prop.
FINEST BRANDS OF
Mlines,. hiquors and Cigars.
SCARhY & CO., Proprietors.
Liquors and Cigars,
Billiards and Pool,
Fine Club Rooms.
Next to Yellowstone National Bank.
VALE & POTTER,
Saloon and Sample Rooms
The Best Goods in
LIQUORS #9 CIGARS
Billiard and Club Rooms
Old Stand, Opposite Depot
anyting you invent or improve; alsoget
CA EAT TRADEMARK COPYRIGHTor DESIGN
PROTECTION. Send model, sketch, orphoto.
for free examination and advice.
BOOK ON PATENTS fee beoro pae t.
".o.O.A.SNOW & CO0
Patent Lawyers. WASHINGTON, D.C.
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