Newspaper Page Text
The Billings azette.
VOL. XIV. BILLINGS, YELLOWSTONE COUNTY, MONTANA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 21. 1899 NO .
Four Styles Men's Calf, Goodyear Welt Shoes
(lace), reduced from $4.oo0 to $2.50. Every pair a
winner and not an old or shop-worn one in the lot.
Ladies' Quilted Juliets, fur trimmed, brown and
black, at $I.25. These goods arrived too late for the
Holiday trade, so will rush them out at this re
John 0. Iosekamp
JlothiePr, FurnisheP rnd SbhoeP
JAS. R. GOS8,
Office First National Bank Building.
H. E. ARMSTRONG, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON.
Belknap Block, - Billings, Montana.
DR. J. H. RINEHART,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON.
Offioe in First National Bank building, Billings,
ANDREW CLARK, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON.
Rooms 6 and 7, First National Bank building.
Night calls answered at office.
HARRIET FOXTON-CLARK, M. D., C. M..
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON.
Rooms 6 and 7., First National Bank Building.
Night calls answered at office.
O. F. GODDARD.
Office over First National Bank.
FRED H. HATHHORN,
Office-Room 4, First National Bank Building.
JOHNSTON d& JOHNSTON.
Room 18. Belknap Block.
CHARLES L. RARRIS,
Room 12, Belknap Block, - Billings, Montana,
Justice of the Peace, U. S. Commissioner,
General Commission Merchant.
Boom 8, First National Bank Building, Billings.
-) OF (
Paid Up Capital, - $150,000
Surplus and Profits, - 10,000 1
P. B. Moss, President.
H. W. RoWLYv, Vice-Pres.
S. F. Moasa, Cashier.
S. G. RaEYOLDS, Asat. Cash. 4
Chas. T. Babcock,
P. B Moss,
CAPITAL, - $50,000
SURPLUS, - - $20,000
L. L. BABCOCK, President.
DAVID FRATT, Vice-Pres.
. A. AGRIGGS, Cashi
t. L. BABCOCK, DAVID FRATT,
G. A. GRIGGS, ED. CARDWE J
Regular Banking in all its Branches
Safe Deposit Boxes Rented.
Ipecial Attention Given to Collection
)ealers in Foreign and Domestic Exchan:
The New Store
l Carpe C4.
Is the Most Complete
East of Helena.
of all kinds are our specialties,
but we carry practically
Beautify the some
Our store is Soxioo feet and
our stock fills it up, so you
have a great assort
ment to select
COME IND SEE US.
Tvwenty-Eighth Street, rear
of Wardwell Block.
:r~ IUt ~ lr......
President Moeinley Speaks Plain
ly at the Home Market Club
Banquet in Boston.
THE PHILIPPINE POLICY
Future Conduct of the Islands Wil
Be Left to Congress-Nation
Will Not Flinch.
President McKinley made a speeoh
before the Home Market club in Bostor
Thursday evening, which in part was
"Mr. Toastrimaster and Gentlemen
The years go quickly. It seems not so
long, but it is in fact six years since ii
was my honor to be a guest of the
Home Market club. Much has hap.
pened in the intervening time. Issues
which were then engaging us have
been settled or put aside for larger and
more absorbing one. Domestic condi
tions have improved and are generall3
satisfactory. We have made progress it
industry and have realized the prosper
ity for which we have been striving.
We have had four long years of advers
ity, which taught us some lqssons
which will never be unlearned and
which will be valuable in guiding our
future action. We have not only been
successful in our finapcial and business
affairs, but have been successful in a
war with a,foreign power which added
great glory to American arms and a
chapter to history.
"I do not know why in the year 1899
this republic has unexpectedly had
placed before it mighty problems which
it must face and meet. They have come
and are heFe and they could not be kept
away. Many who were impatient for
the conflict a year ago, apparently heed
less of its larger results, were the first
to cry out against the far-reaching con
sequences of their own act. Those of us
who dreaded war most and whose every
effort was directed to prevent it had
fears of new and grave problems which
might follow its inauguration.
"The evolution of events which no
man could control has brought these
problems upon us. Certain it is that
they, have not come through any fault
on our own part, but as a high obliga
tion, and we meet the with clear con
science and unselfish purpose and with
good heart resolve to undertake their
solution. War was declared in April,
1898, with practical unanimity by the
congress and, once upon us, was sustain
ed by like unanimity among the people.
There had been many who had tried to
avert it, as on the other hand, there
were many who would have precipitat
ed it at an earlier date. In its prosecu
tion and conclusion, the great majority
of our countrymen of every section be
lieved they were fighting in a just
cause, and at home or at sea. or in the
field, they had art in the glorious tri
"It was the war of the undivided na
tion. Every great act in its progress,
from Manila to Santiago, from Guam
to Porto Rico, met universal and hearty
commendation. The protocol com
manded the practically unanimous ap
proval of the American people; it was
welcomed by every, ;lover of peace be
neath the flag.
"The Philipines, like Cuba and Porto
Rico, were entrusted to our hands by
the war, and to that great trust, under
the province of God and in the name of
human progress and civilization, we
_re committed. It iss a trust we have
not sought; it is not a trust from which
we will flinch.
"The American people will hold up
the hands of their servants at home to
whom they commit its execution, while
Dewey and Otis and the brave men
whom they command will have the sup
3ort of the country in upholding our
lag where it now floats, the symbol
md assurance of liberty and justice.
"What nation was ever able to write
m accurate programme of the war upon
rhiob it was entering, much less de
mee in advance the scope of its results?
Congress can declare war, but a
3igher power decrees its bounds and
ies. its relation ahd responsibilities.
-be president can direst the movement
- soldiers on the feld and fleets upon
he sea, but he cannot torse' the clolse
ifesch movements or prenalibe their
lImits. He cannot antlcipate or avoid
he comeequemss, but he must meet
"We hear nocomplalatt the rei
-ean r eaeted b war betwe tbhis ge
ris segu tbiPhlagIgn as ht a s-1d
hem r to seb ss tlemmn
ith m nLam ket egeysr •
-U.- ii athn .1 k. - L- uI
dses, i W ril c rr I
sibility. Even it we had, as we dii
not have, the power to compel such
transfer, it could not have been made
without the most serious internationa
"Such a course could not be though
of. And yet, had we refused to accep
the cession of them, we should have
had no power over them, even for thei:
own good. We could not discharge the
responsibilities upon us until these
islands became ours either by conques
or a treaty. There was but one alter
native, and that was, either Spain c:
the United States in the Philippines.
"Did we need their consent to per
form a great act 'for humanity? Wi
had it in every aspiration of their
minds, in every hope of their hearts
Was it necessary to ask their consen
to capture Manila, the capital of theil
islands? Did we ask their consent th
liberate them from Spanish sovereignty
or to enter Manila bay and destroy thi
Spanish sea power there?
"We did not ask these; we were
obeying a higher moral obligatior
which rested on us and which did nai
require anybody's consent. We were
doing our duty by them, as God gave
us light to see our duty, with the con
sent of our own consciences and wits
the approval of civilization.
"Every present obligation has beer
met and fulfilled in the expulsion oi
Spanish sovereignty from their islands
and while the war that destroyed ii
was in progress we could not ask their
views. Nor could we now ask their
"Indeed, can anyone tell me in .whal
form it could be marshalled and ascer
tained, until peace and order, so neces
sary to reign of reason, shall be secured
and established? A reign of terror i:
not the kind of rule under which the
right action and deliberate judgment
"It is not a good time for a liberator
to submit important questions concern
ing liberty and government to the lib
erated while they are engaged in shoot
ing down their rescuers. We'have now
ended the war with Spain. The treaty
has been ratified by more than two
thirds of the senate of the United
States and by the judgment of nine
tenths of its people.
"No nation was ever more fortunate
in war or more honorable in negotia
tions of peace. Spain is now eliminat
ed from the problem. It remains to
ask what shall we do now. I do not
intrude upon the duties of congress or
seek to anticipate or forestall its ac
tions. I only say that the treaty of
peace, honorably secured, having been
ratified by the United States, and, as
we confidently expect, shortly to be
ratified by Spain,, congress will, have
the power, and I am sure the purpose,
to do what in good morals is right and
just and humane for these peoples in
"It is sometimes hard to determine
what is best to do, and the best thing
to do is oftentimes the hardest. The
prophet of. evil -would do nothing be
cause he flinches at sacrifices and effort,
and to do nothing is easiest and in
volves the least cost. On those who
have things to do there rests a responsi
bility which is not on those who have
nd obligation as doers.
"If the doubters Were in a majority
there would, it is true, be no labor, no
sacrifice, no anxiety and ito burden
raised or carried; no contribution from
our ease and purse and comfort to the
welfare of others, or even to the exten
sion of our resources to the .welfare of
"There would be ease, but; alas!
There would be nothing else. But
grave problems come in the life of a
nation, however much men may seek to
avoid them. They come without our
seeking, why, we do not know, and it
ik not always given us to know; but
the generation on which they were
forced cannot avoid the responsibility
of honestly striving for their solution.
"We may not know precisely how to
solve them, but we can make an honest
sffort to that end, and if made in con
science, justice and honor, it will, not
be in vain. The future of the 'Philip
pine islands is now in the hands of the
Amerioan people. Until the treaty
ewas ratified or rejected, the exeuontive
lepartment of this government counld
rnly preserve the peace and protect life
"That treaty now commits the free
md enfranohised Filipinoe to the tuld
g bhand and the liberalising infl8aen
te-, the generous sympathies, the up
Ifting education, not of their Amerl'
ma asters, but of their Amerloan
nanolpaton. . )o one can tell today
brhatis best fr them or for us I
mow no one at this hoar who is wise
.u.gh an uiIalently Informed to de
ermine what form of ovemament will
-ast mhewv tL.liaterests and our In.
mete, their aid oar well ala.1
"It we hbe ewesthblag by latitrS
-*am I asmetimes tinh theS ae
eass who belev et at l mde amt
her d-we suld at noeed mbrume.
-eas brt . umbstmmata., maet a e d e
astu th at hmpy lsets. al whoe
euweIams f beitllw othems .
SUmaWlgbhnl UtesheR beeth
Swise, it will be the duty of the execu
tive to possess and hold the Philippines,
I giving to the people thereof peace and
beneficent government, affording them
every opportunity to prosecute their
lawful pursuits, encouraging them in
thrift and industry, making them feel
and know we are their friends, not their
enemies, that their good is our aim:
that their welfare is our Welfare, but
that neither their aspirations nor ours
can be realized until our authority is
acknowledged and unquestioned.
"That the inhabitants of the Philip
pines will be benefited'by this republic
is my unshaken belief: that they will
have a kindlier government under our
guidance and that they will be aided in
every possible way to be self-respecting
and self-governing people, is as true as
that the American people love liberty
and have an abiding faith in their own
government and their own institutions.
"No imperial designs lurk in the
American mind. They are alien to
American sentiment, thought and pur
pose. Our priceless principles undergo
no change under a tropical sun. They
go forth with the flag; they are
wrought in every one of its sacred folds
and are inextinguishable in their shin
"'Why read ye not the changeless
The free can conquer but to save.'
"If we can benefit these remote peo
ples, who will object?. If in the years
of the future they are established in
government under law and liberty, who
will regret our perils and sacrifices?
Who will not rejoice in our heroism
and humanity? Always perils and al
ways after safety; always darkness and
clouds, but always shining through
them the light and sunshine; always
cost and sacrifice, but always after
them the fruition of liberty, education
"I have no light or knowledge -not
common to my countrymen. I do not
prophesy. The present is all-absorbing
to me, but I cannot blind my vision by
the bloodstained trenches around Ma
nila, where every red drop, whether
from the veins of an American soldier
or a misguided Filipino, is anguish to
my heart; but by the broad range , of
future years, when that group of
islands, under the impulse of the year
just passed, shall have become the gems
and glories of those tropical seas, a
land of plenty and of increasing possi
bilities, a people redeemed from savage
indolence, devoted to the arts of peace,
in touch with the commerce and trade
of all nations, enjoying the blessings of
freedom, of civil and religious liberty,
of education and of homes, and whose
children and children's children shall
for ages hence bless the American re
public, because it emancipated and re
deemed their fatherland and set them
in the pathway of the world's best civi
The' war department yesterday issued
the following statement: Orders have
been given for the mustering out of the
following volunteer regiments at Sa
vannah, Ga.: Third Georgia, batteries
A, B. C. D, Maine artillery, Two Hun
dred and Second New York volunteers
to present at the camps at Augusta,
Ga., and Greenville, S. C.; Third Ala
bama, Third Connecticut, Fifth Massa
chusetts, Thirty-fifth Michigan, Fif
teenth Minnesota, Forty-eighth New
Jersey, Two Hundred and First New
York, Two Hundred and Third New
York, Tenth Ohio, First Rhode sIladan,
Second West Virginia. This order dis
charges all volunteers remaining in the
Frank E. Taft, a promihent republi
can of Massachusetts and a member of
the Home Market club of Boston, drop
ped dead Thursday evening at the ban
quet tendered President McKinley.
SLinton Clothing Co. I
% LOTHING AND
I Everything of the Latest and Nobbiest for
1 HATS AND CPS
BOOTS AND SHOES
The Best Selected Stock in all Bastern
ONLY NINE DAYS
The Montana Legislators Have
Little Over a Week's
And Gruwell's Segregation Measure
Land Bill Passed.
The Montana legislative assembly en
tered upon the fifty-first day of its ses
sion this morning. In nine days it
must adjourn whether it has completed
its business or not. There are not nine
working days before the legislature,
for it must count on one legal holiday,
tomorrow (Washington's birthday),
and a Sunday.
In the last fifty days, 257 bills have
been introduced in the legislature-161
in the house and ninety-six in the
senate. Up to date only five bills have
become laws, although several have
gone through the last mill stones of
the legislative machine and are now
awaiting the governor's signature.
Thirty-four house bills and twenty-nine;
senate bills have been killed and ones
house bill vetoed by the governor.
Twelve senate bills are in the hands of
the senate enrolling .committee, while.
the house enrolling committee has five-:
hills. Of the 257 bills introduced,
170 are in the hands of committees
other than enrolling, on the house gen
eral orders or senate general file.
Twenty new bills were introduced inh
the house last week and sixteen in the'
senate. The time for introducing billr
with much hope of securing their enact
ment has passed. Almost every pend
ing bill must rely for advanpenkent
upon the steering committee, which is
almost certain to give the older bills
preference, other considerations being
equal. Both house and senate steering.
committee met yesterday, to determine
upon the bills to be conisidered. ,.The
problem of preference in the house may..
well be a perplexing one, but the sen-'
ate is amply able.to dispose of all busi
ness before it. There is some prcbabil
ity that the house will begin hqlding
night sessions before the senators con
clude it is necessary for them to work
afternoons as well as in the morning.
In the senate last Friday, S. B. No.
76, by Gruwell of Yellowstone, chang
ing the boundaries of Fergus. ard Yel
lowstone counties, was indefinitely
postponed on the recommendation of
the committee on towns and counties.
This action is equivalent to defeat and
the chances of segregation have gone
Friday-In the Senate.
Senator Geiger's bill providing for
state control of the penitentiary 'was'
indefinitely postponed today.
The committee on public buildings
made a majority and minority report.
The former, signed by all but two
members of the committee. recommend
md indefinite postponement. The latter
recommended printing the bill with an
smendment reducing the pay of matron'
and chaplain. The majority report was
The judiciary committee indefinitely
postponed Worden's bill relating to sale
tf personal property for taxes. The
Continued on Second Page.