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The Billings gazette. (Billings, Mont.) 1896-1919, December 31, 1909, Image 2

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Gazette Printing Company, Publishers 4 +
+ The +
I .+ Semi - Weekly Gazette +
Issued Semi-Weekly + contains all the live +
Tuesdays and Fridays + news of the great Yel- +
+ lowstone valley in par- +
- - - ---- ---+ ticular and the world +
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: + in general, and as a +
One year. In advance ............. ......................$3.00 + newspaper is the "best +
Six months ...................................... ............$1.50 + in the Northwest." +
Monolith Bldg.. I Eastern Representatives Marquette Bldg., + 4
45 West 34th St. Chicago. • +
New York LA COSTE & MAXWELL, Phone Central 5234
Entered at the Billings Postofice as Second Class Matter + + f • +
Another Pure Food Discussion
Since the agitation of the pure food question,
the public has ,been educated to the methods of
those who prepanre much of the foodstuffs of the
nation. While it. is required that the bottle or
,an containing any article of food shall be em
blazoned with information as to the contents, the
law does not require the method of preparation
shall be made known. In a general way, for
example, it is comnmon knowledge that conditions
;ire bettr than than they used to be. In this day of
,lose prices and keen competition, men not only
Adopt labor-saving methods but, if we are to be
lieve the ,tatements of some, absolutely cut out
the labor by leaving the work to chemical agents.
An article has just coime to light bearing on the
mnet+hods of some canneries, in which it is alleged
that, in inStances at least, peaches are first stewed
in lye and then canned-the caustic soda bath
being for the purpose of removing the skins, and
hence saving the cost of peeling them.
We reprint. the statement without COiinlIenit. for
what it is worth:
"The pure food agitation which hal been prin
cipaldy over the question of beinzoate of soda has
now taken a new turn and renewed interest will
doubtless be aroused over this question.
"'It is said that in most of the canneries of the
country peache. are stewed in red-hot caustic soda
to eat away the skins and thereby save the cost
of kmnife-peeling, .the difference in cost amounting
to a cent and a half or two cents per can.
"In the process of this lye stewing almost all
the flavor of the peach disappears and doubtless a
little caustic soda is left on each piece of fruit
as a memento of its trip through the cannery.
"'Caustic soda strong enough to eat away the
skin of an unripe peach must be anything but
socothing to the inner man or child. The full sig
nificance of thhi, is best understood in connection
with the fact that caustic soda is used in making
many kinds of soap; in fact, it is the dirt-eating
part of soap.
"It is said that the great majority of the can
nleries use the lye process in place of the. knife
,peeling method. Attempts have been made for
msome time to get the department of agriculture to
msake a ruling on this question which would conm
pel the canners who use this method to say so on
the labels of their goods. It looks now as if the
question will be passed up to congress for a specific
law covering this phase of the pure food agitation.
"The use of caustic soda is impossible with ripe
fruit sbecause it discolors a ripe peach so that it
will not pass lumister with the users of high-grade
canned fruits. In consequence this process is pos
sible only with unripe fruit. and green fruit is
purposely gathered for canning.llll.
"'Owing to the absence of any marks on the
,a-s to indic:ate the ue of caustic sodla. the only
way the customer can tell if he has purchased a
lye-process can of fruit is by taste. Open a can
if peaehe,, wash away the syrup from a piece of
lhe fruit. Then taste it. If it is void of flavor.
,voody and pulpy, and has a soapy appearance, it
is undoubtedly the lye-peeled variety."
!f? x x Wr
Let's Forget 'Em
Zelava insists that he is still president of Nica
ragua and that he only provisionally turned over
the government, of his country to Judge Madriz.
It, will be rinWmbered that one Castro thought
sme such a thing and after he had waited until
he thought the clouds had rolled by attempted to
return to the scene of his triumphs only to run up
against the restraining will of the powers.
Senor Zelaya will probably be all right so long
as he lives the life of a wealthy but retired gentle
man in Mexico, but the chances are that if he
attempts to start somxetning he will receive a bump
ing that will make the experience of Castro appear
:tA mild as swinging in a hammock at a Sunday
school picnic.
With Zelaya ,afely out of the country and with
Madriz showing a disposition to come to terms
with the Estrada faction, it would look as though
the Nicaraguan should now be drol)ped by the
press and public and he should be allowed to joiln
f'.stro and I)r. Cook in the limbo of the forgotten.
The "Never Again " club will meet January 1.
e hlu e thu i -:l:d. :I the -- t .h Nuil' -ed.
Fortunate Circumstance
While there might have been some sort of satis
faction had Zelaya, recent dictator of Nicaragua,
fallen into the hands of the soldiers of Estrada it
is, after all, a fortunate thing that the seamen of
the United States were not called upon to make
good the bluff of Secretary Knox, to seize and hold
to an accountability for the death of Cannon and
Groce the former president of the Central Amer
ican repIublic.
It is probable that a decidedly good eniect was
had uplon the people of Nicaragua through the
forcible message sent by the secretary of state to
the Nicaraguan charge d'affaires, and doubtless
this was as far as Secretary Knox ever expected
the matter to go, but one cannot but wonder what
would have happened if things had so shaped
themselves that. it was necessary to make good, and
Zelaya had been captured by an American force
either upon Nicaraguan soil or upon the high seas.
There is no question of the fact that the position
of this government, as defined by the state depart
ment. was entirely untenable. There is not a
nation on earth that would tamely submit to an
attempt to put into force a doctrine that one gov
ernmetnt could individually hold responsible for
his official acts the ruler of another. To admit of
sIuch a thing would mean that indelpendence had
been rendered an impossibility.
Had Zelaya been a private citizen of Nicaragua,
and had he committed a crime in Nicaragua for
which he might have been called to acco'"at. or
having been arrested had been exonerated, how
monstrous would be the doctrine that some other
nation might seize his person and try himn Sup
pose, for instance, that John Smith should be
attacked by a Mexican in Billings, and that in the
melee Smith should kill the man from the south.
Now, suppose that. Smith should attempt to go
to Hawaii and the Mexican government should
station a gunboat off our coast and should seize
the Billings man and should try him for a kill
ing which occurred in the United States. How
long would it be before an American fleet would
be thundering at the ports of Mexico?
It was doubtless a splendid bluff that Secretary
Knox worked upon Zelava, for undoubtedly it had
not a little to do with the resignation of tldat
gentleman, but for all that it was fortunate that
the ('entral American got. "cold feet." and failed
to call the bluff.
Prevention, not Palliation
While the movement inaugurated by the Red
('ross,. and backed by the miners' organization
and the state of Illinois for the alleviation of the
distress incident to the horrible disaster at Cherry
is most meritorious and worthy of every encour
agement. still sight should not be lost of the fact
that in the usual run of such incidents these dis
asters could have been avoided and the need for
relief measitres could have been guarded against.
It i, a notorious fact that the loss of life in
American coal mines is infinitely greater than is
the case in Europe. The percentage of accidents
in the collieries of the old world has been greatly
lessened as years have gone by, while in this coun
try the opposite is the case. States have enacted
legislation looking toward the safeguarding of life
and limb underground. but experience has shown
that this legislation is totally inadequate.
There is not a shadow of a doubt that had there
been a well-equipped bureau of mines under the
control of the federal government in operation at
the time, the Cherry horror could not have oc
curredl. The power of the federal government
emlployed to find out how the risks of life and
limb incident to employment underground could
be minimized would have found out how to avert
such a horror, while the power of a governmental
bureau. backed up by adequate legislation and a
sufficiency of funds, could have seen that the pro
tective measures were put into effect.
The efforts being made in the present congress
for the creation of a bureau of mines should be
crowned with -uccess. It does not matter whether
such a bureau is attached to the department
of conmmerce and labor or the department of the
interior, just -o the bureau is created and it is
adequately supported by legislation which will for
ever render unmnecessary appeals to the public to
succor the widows and orl)phans of men who go
down into the bowels of the earth there to die
amid-t fire. smoke and deadly gases.
For Not Paying
Twenty Cents
SASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 29.-In
a decision by the interstate com
merce commission handed down
today involving a claim of 20 per cent
in an overcharge on freight made
against the Aberdeen & Ashboro rail
way company and other lines, rail
roads generally are severely repri
manded for their delay in adjusting
claims where there has been a pal
pable overcharge.
The railway had admitted the over
charge but did not settle with the
shipper until the latter had exhausted
ordinary methods of collection and
finally had filed a formal complaint
with the commission.
If carriers persist in this delay, the
commission intimates it may be under
the necessity of calling the attention
of congress to the matter.
Commissioner Harlan, in writing
the report of the commission, says:
"From shippers in all parts of the
country and from local traffic asso
ciations which are making earnest
attempts to secure settlements from
the carriers, many complaints have
been received in the last year from
the inattention of carriers to plain
overcharge claims and of their delay
in adjusting them. And a survey of
the complaints has led us to the con
clusion that this practice, or rather
lack of practice, among carriers is
open to severe criticism.
"A substantial portion of the time
and labor of this commission is given
to secure through informal corre
spondence the settlement of claims of
this character, and it is a burden from
which we ought to be relieved by car
riers. On the other hand, from the
shippers' point of view, nothing in
connection with transportation is
more vexing and irritating than the
labor and delay incident to the fol
lowing up of an overcharge claim and
securing its repayment."
The commission expresses the opin
ion that an ordinary claim of this
character should ,be adjusted and paid
by the carriers within 30 days and
in special'ises that no more than
60 days should be required for settle
ment and adds that it "will expect
the cordial cooperation of all carriers
in our request that the claims depart
ment be so organized as to give
prompt results."
In another case, decided today, orig
inating in Chicago, the complainant
had died before his claims had been
adjusted and the commission ordered
the Chicago-Great Western railroad
to pay the amount of his claim to his
Graft a Part of Cost
Of all Public
TROY, N. Y., Dec. 28.-"The age of
patriotism has yielded to the age
of commercialism. Uppermost in
the human mind today is not the stars
and stripes, but the dollar mark."
Such was the declaration of Su
preme Court Justice Wesley O. How
ard in an opinion handed down today
reducing the compensation of mem
hers of a commission appointed to
appraise damages to property result
ing from the construction of the
Ashokan reservoir in Ulster county,
which is to furnish a water supply
for New York city.
"While the commission furnishes
the avenue for the reckless escape of
many dollars, there are other chan
nels of leakage and waste fully as
appalling," said Justice Howard.
"It is generally to be regretted that
no public enterprise can be projected
and consummated without this appall
ing loss called 'graft.' Graft is un
necessary wastefulness that charac
terizes the construction of every pub
lic venture. At least 40 per cent
appropriated for public purposes is
lost in graft. All things could be
possible if the frightful leak could be
stopped-roads, canals, libraries,
asylums and hospitals.
"Graft is as much of an element to
be reckoned with in computing the
cost of a public structure as is cement I
or lumber. It has come to be a mat
ter of course-this rakeoff-at least
recognized by all who make estimates
of cost in such cases. A public struc
ture built honestly would be a freak."
Planning Message on
Interstate Commerce
And Corporations
WASHINGTON, Dec. 28.-President
Taft discussed with members of
his cabinet today the final de
tails of the special message he will
send to congress next week dealing
with proposed amendments to the in
terstate commerce and Sherman anti
trust laws. Mr. Taft began work on
the document today.
At one time it was thought the
president might in this, the first of his
series of special messages to congress,
deal only with the interstate com
merce act, leaving 'his proposed dis
cussion of the anti-trust law to some
future date. He has decided, however,
that as the two subjects are so closely
related, .he will adhere to his originali
intention of making his recommenda
tions for changes in the two acts in
one commlllnication.
In this message he will also sub
mit his recommendations for the fed
eral licensing of corporations. The
proposed license will be a voluntary
one, to be taken advantage of by such
corporations as decree to place thenm
selves under federal jurisdiction.
Madriz Government Asks Power to
Exact War Funds From the People
Will Also Investigate Accounts of Zelaya Administra}
tion---Estrada Declares That Madriz Is Play
ing the Revolutionary Faction False
MANAGUA, Dec. 29.-The Nicaragua
congress met in extraordinary
session today and appointed a
commissioner to consider the message
of Minister General Baca, who has
asked the government to grant him
power to exact war contributions at
his own discretion.
President Madriz appointed an in
vestigating committee of five, which is
charged with the responsibility of ex
amining the accounts of the Zelaya
administration. The finance minister
is made chairman of the committee,
whose duties include working out a
new system of finance, revision of va
rious concessions of the government
and determination of the legality of
the recent act of the president in re
voking grants of alcohol, tobacco and
other monopolies.
The governments of Honduras and
Costa Rica today made formal ac
knowledgement of the presidency of
Madriz, expressing confidence in the
stability of his administration and re
newed the protestations of friendship
for the republic of Nicaragua.
Zelaya, who since his arrival in
Mexico has announced himself as the
head of the Nicaraguan government, is
technically coirect. He surrendered
his office for the rest of his term, but
was permitted Ito retain the title of
president that he might enjoy the im
munity that the office provides. When
this arrangement was made Zelaya
had in mind rumors that the United
State government would hold him in
dividually responsible for the deaths
of the Americans-Groce and Cannon.
There 'was a lively debate in con
gress before the commission to con
sider the message of Minister General
Baca was appointed. Deputy Gomez,
a notorious Zelayist, was hooted in a
speech in which he opposed authoriza
tion of further war taxes. Deputy
Matus, replying, declared that on oc
casions of two previous forced loans
certain intimates of Zelaya had not
been assessed, and he suggested that
they should now be made to pay their
proportion of the expenses of the war.
This covert reference to an earlier
speaker was made with shouts of ap
proval and enouraged a member to
cry, "Gomez did not pay; we can soak
him now for a million!"
Congress promoted Generals To
ledo, Castrillo and Calos Allegria to
the rank of generals of divisions.
Minister General Baca has invited
Rear Admiral Kimball to land the
United States marines on an island
in Corinto harbor, Iwhere the men will
have an opportunity to exercise and
where sanitary arrangements will
meet requirements.
The father of Joaquin Passos, Ze
laya's brother-in-law, who was ar
rested and is now in prison on a
charge of misappropriation of public
funds, has made inquiries as to terms
on which his son would be liberated,
to whidh the authorities have replied
that it 'would be necessary to furnish
bail in cash to the amount of $1,000,
000 in gold.
Operations to Continue.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.-Doubting
the sincerity of President Madriz, w~ho
Denmand for All Classes of Wool Con.
tinues Unusually Brisk On the
Boston Market.
BOSTON, .Mass., Dec. 28.--The de
mand for all classes of wool on the
local market continues unusually brisk
for this season of the year. Inquiry
runs through all grades and comes
from both clothing and combing cus
tomers. Quarterblood fleeces are in
particular demand, both eastern and
territory. Values hold steady in spite
of the short supply. Bidding for the
new clip is in full swing in the West,
especially in Utah, Wyoming and
eastern Montana. Scoured values:
Texas-Fine, 12 months, 73@76c;
fine, 6 to 8 months, 68@/a70c; fine fall,
60c; fall, free, 50Od,52c.
California-Nortihern, 68t 70c; mid
die country, 63e065c; fall, free, 50(R
Oregon--Eastern No. 1, staple, 756t
7,c; eastern clothing, 70O,72c; valley,
No. 1, 57@58c.
Territory- Fine, staple, 77(~i80c;
fine, medium staple, 70(,72c; fine
clothing, 70@72c; fine, medium cloth
ing, 66i 68c; half blood, 35(76c;
three-eighths blood, 68r'd70c; quarter
blood, 67t168c.
Pulled-Extra, 72i75c; fine A, 68(
70c; A supers, 60@65c.
(Special to The Gazette.)
MILES CITY, Dec. 28.-At a meet
ing of the stockholders of the Mon
tana, Wyoming & Southern railway,
the projected line along Tongue river
between Miles City and Sheridan, held
recently, it was voted to change the
name to the Yellowstone, Montana &
Wyoming line. The first name has
been adopted ,by a small line running
from Wyoming into Carbon county in
this state. The directors of the
Tongue river line are R. II. Walsh,
E. M. Holbrook, John S. Field. C. S.
Robinson and Malcolm Moncreiffe, all
of Sh,.ri'lan. Wyo.. except Mr. Fields.
who is a Chicago man.
has made representations to the revo
lutionary army in Nicaragua with the
establishment of peace as the osten
sible object in view, General Estrada
has declined to suspend hostilities and
is determined to push his army on to
ward Managua.
A cable dispatch from Estrada, dated
Bluefields, Dec. 29, received tonight by
Dl)r. Castrillo, representative of the
provisional government in Nicaragua,
indicates the attitude of the revolu
tionists toward the proposition made
by the new president. Its text fol
"Madriz has asked me to suspend
hostilities, but our military operations
cannot be suspended 'because we
know Madriz is making conscriptions
of troops from the interior and is fo
menting a division between the eastern
and western sections of the republic.
"You know that this procedure can
only result in more bloodshed and the
foundation of anarchy in our father
(Signed) "ESTRAI)A."
lMadrlz Not Recognized.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.-As the
state department has had much diffi
culty in obtaining from Vice Consul
Caldera at Managua details of recent
Declares That Present High Prices
Are Now Here to
At Present Rate in Twenty Years
United States Will Cease To Be
Importing Nation-Sixty Per Cent
of Population in the Towns.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 28.-"The
present high prices for farm products
have come to stay; the rural popula
tion is playing out; the present cen
sus if it classes the unincorporated
villages as towns will show between
60 and 65 per cent of the population
as living in towns." declared Repre
sentative Champ Clark of Missouri,
minority leader in the house, today.
"At the present rate, in 20 years the
United States will cease to be an im
porting nation for a ricultural prod
Ilcts. except as to cotton.
"One of the princil,il c:ause.s of the
high prices of farm lroduct is the
world movement of people toward the
towns and cities. Whiie a few people
in towns and cities have gardens and
raise chickens, and occasionally pigs.
practically the entire town and city
i population are non-producers of any
thing to eat, but are consumers only.
"Last year. for the first time. Argen
tine heat us in exporting corn and
Argentine and Brazil are now fighting
to take the frozen meat trade from
- ----+---- -
(Special to The Gazette.)
MILES CITY, Dec. 27.-Commis
sioner J. W. Stith of this county and
a prominent merchant of Terry, died
at the hospital here this afternoon
from a relapse succeeding an opera
tion for paralysis of the intestines.
XJE HAVE a bargain for you at the
right price and on easy terms.
Things are moving again, more sales in
the past ten days than in six months,be
fore. 1 his means an advance in values
very soon and you cannot afford to de
lay. Let us sell you some town lots,
acre tracts, a home, business building
or a farm. We are ruying and selling
real estate for everybody all the time,
adding value to your property and would
like to have your business. Come in.
Opposite Court Houste Billings, Montana
I --p
important developments in the Nica
raguan capital, it has been decided
to send Consul O·livarez, now on leave
in Washington, to Managua, to take
charge of the consulate there.
The department is inclined 'to at
tribute Mr. CaOdera's unsatisfactory
messages to the fact he is over-eco
nomical in spending money for cable
grams, the toll on which is 25 cents
a word. A dispatch was received from
Managua today that it was currently
reported there that before he left
Managua, Zelaya distributed 10,000
rifles among his followers. Military
activity at Managua and on the west
coast, it is said, continues.
Another message says that Madriz
has issued an order creating a tri
bunal to invesitigatg the alleged frauds
of the Ze:laya administration.
Commenting today upon the fact
that Admiral Kimball had visited Ma
driz at Managua in full uniform and
accompanied by his aide, Assistant
Secretary Wilson said the visit was
entirely without the knowledge of the
state department and could not have
any significance. Stories that this
visit might be regarded as a prelim
inary step to the recognition of Ma
driz as president of Managua, are
declared groundless.
Head Beaten to Pulp and Body was
Thrown Into the Platte
Plucky Woman Drove Off Marauder
and, Seeking Protection, Met Death
-Negro Returns and Robs House
Lynching Prolbable If Caught.
DENVER, Colo., Dec. 28.-The body
of Mrs. Belle Rupp, the wife of a rail
road employe, was found this morning
in the Platte river. Her head had been
smashed in by blows from a heavy
piece of slag, wielded, it Is believed,
by a negro who last night attempted
to force his 'way into 'her house. The
entire police force of the city is look
ing for the negro and threats of lynch
ing are being made.
Last nignt, while her nusband was
absent, a negro tried to force his way
into 'the house. She fired through the
door twice at him and he ran away.
Tel'ling her children she was going to
summon the police, Mrs. Rupp left
the house and was not seen again
until her mutilated body was found in
the river.
According to the children, the negro
returned some time after Mrs. Rupp
left and 'took $12 and everything else
of value he could find in the house.
It is 'believed this was done after he
had slain the mother.
-----+ -
CENTRALTA, Ill., Dec. 28.-Four
shot firers 'were killed in a dust ex
plosion caused by a "windy" shot in
mine No. 5, two miles south of here
today. The explosion happened 200
feet from the cage landing at the 700
foot level.
The track was torn away and the
workings badly damaged.

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