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MONTANA TEACHERS HOLD
Bozeman Gives Hearty Welcome to the
State's Educators--Strong Committees
Chosen and Good Progrart Offered
(Special to The Gazette.)
BOZEMAN, Dec. 28.-The first ses
sion of the state convention of teach
ers was opened with a fair proportion
of the expected attendance, though
the late trains arrived only just in
time for the evening program. Presi
dent Condon of the association pre.
sided. Mrs. D. D. Smith of Bozeman
gave h vocal solo, after which came
the invocation by Rev. O. P. Bishop.
Mayor A. G. Berthot welcomed the
teachers and was followed by Miss
Clara M. Kremer, county superintend
ent of Gallatin county.
Superintendent W. E. Harmon of the
state department of education re
sponded first for the visitors. He is
only nominally a visitor for his home
unofficially has always been in Boze
man. He began by congratulating the
citizens of Bozeman on being in real
merit about the best educational town
in Montana. He commented espe
cially on the progressive spirit of
the schools, the high school and the
college. He referred to the new de
parture in the program by which we
were to hear from those outside of
the profession, and on some new
topics. The topics on industrial edu
cation he commended especially.
Mrs. Sara E. Morse. county super
intendent of Yellowstone county,
made the second response for the vis
itors. She expressed approval of the
plan of a state gathering for the
teachers, and explained its purpose at
some length. Then she spoke in cor
pliment of the city of Bozeman and
its reputation as an educational cen
ter, praised its schools and the col
lege, and referred to the reputation
given to the town by the sweet-pea
Miss Helen Fisher of Bozeman then
gave a vocal solo.
Superintendent Randall J. Congdon
of Helena gave the annual president's
address: "For the Sake of the Child:
for the Sake of the State." The first
part of the address dealt with the
four-fold development of the child
which is sought physically, mentally.
morally and spiritually. The second
part was an exhaustive study of the
expense side of education in Montana.
The cost of each student in each kind
of school was figured out. One strik
ing comparison was made when he
said that the number of students in
the higher institutions of the state
was almost exactly the same as the
number in the penitentiary and the
insane asylum; and the latter cost the
state more. At the close of his ad
dress President Condon announced
his appointment of committees as fol
Enrollment-R. J. Cunningham.
Bozeman; W. A. Jennings. Livingston:
Robert Clark, Dillon.
Resolutions-L. ft. Foote, Dillon:
W. K. Dwyer. Anaconda: County Su
perintendent Orpha Noble, Lewis
town; M. J. Elrod, Missoula; C. W.
Finance-J. M. Hamilton, Bozeman;
J. W. Thomas, Missoula; J. W. Curtis.
President's Address-R. G. Young,
Butte; W. C. Ryan, Big Timber; G.
T. Bramble, Phillipsburg.
Among the most important commit
tees of the association is that on
resolutions. This committee formu
lates all new plans for the associa
tion, outlines policy and prepares re
quests for legislation in regard to the
schools. This committee is appoint
ed in advance and prepares its re
Enumerators' Test Easy
WASHINGTON, 0. C., Dec. 29.-Any
person of good judgment, who has re
ceived an ordinary common school
education, can readily and easily pass
the test to be given applicants for
census enumerators' places on Sat
urday, Feb. 5, the date finally set by
U. S. Census Director Durand, accord
ing to an announcement from the cen
sus bureau today. This will be a com
forting assurance to the several hun
drend thousand who are believed to
be contemplating application for the,
it was euuphalically stated at the
bureau that the test will be an emi
nently reasonable and practical one.
similar to that applied to applicants
at the twelfth census. It 'will consist
of filling out a sample schedule of
population from a description, in nar
native form, of typical families; and,
in the case of enumerators whose
work will be in the rural districts,
they will be called to fill out an addi
tional sample schedule of agriculture,
from information furnished by the
All persons, whether women or men,
who may desire to become census
enumerators, must be citizens of the
United States; residents of the super
visor's district for which they wish
to be appointed; must be not less than
18 nor more than 70 years of age;
must be physically able to do the
work; must be trustworthy, honest
and of good habits; must have at
least an ordinary education and must
be agble to write plainly and with
Those who can comply with these
requirements are invited to put in
their applications, as there will be at
least 68,000 enumerators' places to be
filled by the middle of March in prep
ports with much care. Prof. L. R.
Foote of Dillon. the chairman of this
committee, was among the early ar
rivals this afternoon and gave an
interesting account of some of the
matters that will come before the
committee for action before they re
port. Among them is a proposition
to change the form of teachers' insti
tutes, extending the time to at least
one week, providing for systematic
instruction in place of lectures, and
for joining two or more counties as
convenient. Another resolution will
call for the abolition of preparatory
departments in state institutions. As
a method of increasing the member
ship of the association it will be pro
posed that each one who enrolls shall
be provided with a subscription to
some educational periodical, and also
with a printed account of the pro
ceedings of the state association. A
change of date in the annual meeting
is suggested. One resolution ca'ls for
uniform texts in the high sc:hoQls.
Another calls for more complet-' reg
ulation of the eig:hth grade examina
lions. A resolution will be pr( posed
complimentary to the work of denom..
inational schools in the state. Other
resolutions will favor the teaching of
a'riculture in the high schools. op
pose the teaching of the Bible in the
public schools; define moral stand
ards of teachers, and call for the
establishment of a rural schools 5e
partment in the state association.
Mr. Richard T. Wyche of New York
city. who is to tell stories, as a pro
i fessional story teller, to the teachers,
and then explain the significance of
story telling in education, is prom
ised to be a great treat to the teach
ers. He comes recommended by such
authorities as President G. Stanley
Hall of Clark university, Prof. Henry
VanDyke, Joel Chandler Harris and
many eminent school men. His reper
toire includes the stories of Ulysses.
Beowulf. Siegfried. Hiawatha, King
Arthur and stories from the Bible,
and as he is down to appear three
times on the program the teachers
will have opportunity to hear him in
a variety of forms.
How history is being made in Mon
tana is illustrated in the enrollment
at the association from Roundup. A
year ago last September school was
opened in Roundup with one teacher
and 18 pupils. Last night Principal
Fred M. Dralle of the Roundup
schools, with his five teachers, regis3
tered in attendance on the associa
tion. evidence of a complete school
system built in a year.
In the official program as 'asued
the names of the speakers of tre de
partment of. higher education were
not included for Thursday afternoon.
Prof. Robert Clark, president o' the
department. states that the paper on
what the high school can do in p-e
paring its pupils for home life will r'e
given by Mrs. E. A. Richardson r.'
Forsyth, who is not actively engaget
in school work but who is well knows.
in eastern Montana for her ability as
a public speaker, and her interest in
educational matters. This paper will
be discussed by Prof. G. T. Bramble
of Phillipsburg and Prof. John M.
Kay of Townsend. The discussion
about "The Greatest Needs of High
School Students in Montana" will be
led by President C. A. Duniway of the
state university and Principal L. R.
Foote of the Beaverhead county 'high
school. A uniform course of study
for accredited high schools will be
one of the subjects taken up.
aration for the enumeration begin
ning April 15.
Application forms, with full instruc
tions for filling in, and omplete infor
mation concerning the test and the
method of appointment, can be se
cured by writing to the supervisor of
census for the supervisor's district in
which the applicant lives. All appli
cations, properly filled in must be
filed with the supervisors not later
than Jan. 25, as any received after
that date cannot be considered.
(GRAND LARCENY ALLEGED.
From Wednesday's Daily.
.1. B. Britz is charged with grand
larceny in an information filed In the
district court yesterday by County
Attorney Wilson. It is alleged that
on November 23 he took from W. G.
Downey property valued as follows:
A trunk. $20: a coat, $15: an over
coat. $15: a sheepskin overcoat. $9:
a striped vest. $10; a brown and green
bath robe, $12; brown slippers, $15;
three pairs of men's shoes. $10; five
coat shirts, $10: one Eagle uniform of,
blue and cap. $15; several suits of
heavy underwear, several suits of
light underwear, a derby hat and other
articles of apparel.
William Roemer is charged in an
information with having committed
an assault in the second degree on
.lames Scahill, December 2.
WILL HAVE NEW OFFICE.
As the result of the vacation of the
store building in the Belknap block.
formerly occupied by ,the People's
bank. the Billings & Eastern Mon
tana Power company is preparing to
occu!py the room and hopes to be in its
new quarters soon. The water com
nany. which has heretofore had its of
fioe in connection with the light com
'manv, will retain the old quarters ad
Now Thought Collision
Occured at Mouth
Of the Harbor
DAMAGE 1S GREAT
Total of Wrecks Greatly Enlarged
and Feared That Loss of Life Has
Been Immense-Tidal Wave Does
Much Damage at Chelsea-Newport
Is Now Isolated.
)STON, Dec. 28.-The discovery
today of the wreck of the five
masted schooner Davis Palmer,
which sank with 12 men Sunday
morning at the entrance to Broad
sound, was followed by the report of
another wreck in the outer harbor.
This second victim of the great storm
that swept New England Saturday
night and Sunday was reported by
Captain Kemp of the tug Aerial, who
asserts that he saw three masts of
a! schooner projecting above the water
near the shoals known as "The
Although Captain Kemp locates the
vessel three miles east of the wreck
of the Palmer, some marine authorities
think that he may have been mis
taken in his bearings and that he
saw the Palmer's masts.
Seafaring men who believe the cap
tain is not mistaken about his bear
ines, suggest the nossib)ility of a col
lision between the Palmer and an un
Yesterday's toll of wreck was in
creased today. The schooner Ada K.
Damon, sole support of her aged mas
ter. Captain A. K. Brewster of York.
Maine, went ashore near Ipswich.
She will probably be a total loss.
Her crew reached shore safely.
In Chelsea. where a tidal wave
broke the dike and flooded the houses
of 200 people, a high tide today
opened the new breaks. Many cellars
that had been pumped out by the fire
engines were again flooded. It will
be weeks before people in the 80
acres of tide lands will be able to
return to their homes.
NEWPORT, R. I., Dec. 28.-(By
messenger.)-Newport has now been
three days without wire communica
tion with the outside world as a result
of the Christmas night storm. It is
estimated by the telephone officials
that the damage to their system will
reach $100,000. Today, as yesterday,
the brokers' offices were without mar
Capia Is Missing.
HAPSBURG, Dec. 28.-The German
freight steamer Capua. with. a crew of
23 men, .has been given up for lost.
She safled from this port Dec. 1 for
Genoa, and was last sighted two days
LAMB IN WYOMINC
Lack of Food and Cold Weather In
duces Masters to Offer Flocks at
a Dollar a Head.
BUIFFALO, Wyo., l)ec. 28.-Range
and weather conditions in this section
are so bad that flockmasters are of
fering their sheep for sale at $1 per
These sheep could not have been
purchased six weeks ago or before
the severe cold and snow set in, for
less than $6 per head.
The weather has moderated slightly
but continues severely cold at night.
Little snow has melted and the lack
of food and exposure to cold, it is pre
dicted, will cause great loss to sheep
raisers. Cattle are also in bad con
YOUTH HANGS HIMSELF.
TOLEDO, U., Dec. 28.-Sent to the
cellar because he refused to get his
mother a pail of water, Herman
Miller, aged 14, son of John Miller,
'anged himself today.
FOR WAR SECRETARY
Secretary of War Dickinson Greeted
in Porto Rico by Delegation
From Every Town.
SAN JUAN, P. R., Dec. 28.-Gov
ernor Colton's reception last night in
honor of the American secretary of
war, J. M. Dickinson, and Brigadier
General Edwards, chief of the bureau
of insular affairs, was unsurpassed
even by that given to President Roose
velt in 1906. Delegations from all
towns in the Island and from all
branches of society were present.
The republican and unionist par
ties, which have united to urge an
telectivo senate and other reforms,
have appointed a committee to confer
with Secretary Dickinson.
TRtAFFIC I STOPPED.
IIEAI)WOOD. S. D., D)ec. 2. - The
hIavy snow -which has fallen during
Ilh. last 12 hours, accompanied by
high winds, has stopped all railroad
traffic in this part of the state. No
or trains can get through and the
lins have suspendeid until the tracks
INSISTS HE IS
Madriz Only Named
As a Provisional
NOT A PRISONER
Denies That Mexican Government Is
Restraining Him of His Liberty.
Favors the Unity of All Central
American Republics Through Inter.
vention of Mexico and United States.
ORDOBA, Mexico, Dec. 28.-Jose
Santos Zelaya declared tonight
that he is still president of Nica
ragua, although he may never go back
to that country to enjoy the priv
ileges of the office. Madriz, he assert
ed, is only a provisional president,
and he (Zelaya) has not relinquished
Zelaya toaay neumea that he was a
prisoner in the hands of the Mexican
officials in any sense of the word.
He was asked whether it was a
fact, as reported from Managua, that
as a refugee from Nicaragua, the Mex
ican government accepted responsi
bility for his person and in doing so
looked upon him as a prisoner. He
stated emphatically that such was not
the case and that he was free to go
where he chose.
Zelaya declared that he favored
friendly intervention on the part of
the Mexican and United States gov
ernments to the end that a consolida
tion of all the Central American re
publics might be Ibrought about. He
said he believed Secretary Knox was
now realizing the injustice of his
attitude toward him and declared he
could not .understand why the secre
tary should have molested him.
It was Zelaya's opinion that the
war would end within two months.
but he would not venture an opinion
as to which side would be successful.
YOUNG PEOPLE TO
HOLD OPEN HOUS[
Y. IV. C. A. Will Join With Youun
3hen's Association in Entertain
inj on New Year's Day.
From Wednesday's Daily.
In accordance with a custom which
is prevalent in all large cities hut
which has never been started here,
the Young Women's Christian asso
ciation will unite with the Young
Men's Christian association in holding
a reception in the Y. M. C. A. building.
on New Year's day from 2 to 10 p. m.
Details of the reception are in the
course of preparation and an invita
tion to the public will be extended
The "open house" promises to the
more than a formal affair. for the
entire nem bership of both organiza
tions will he enlisted in the work of
entertainment. Each of the young
people's societies of the various
churches will be given a room in the
association building to decorate, re
freshments will be served and there
will be two programs of merit in
addition to music throughout the
hours of the reception. Members of
the boards of directors of the two in
stitutions will form the reception
line, and it is the desire of the asso
ciations to make the reception as
much of a public and civic event as
is possible. To this intent an invita
tion will be extended every man and
woman in Billings to attend the recep
tion and to take this opportunity of
inspecting the association building
and the work carried on there.
Crew of Schooner
Coomissary Carried Away by Typhoon
They Cross Pacific On Short
IIOQUIIAN, Wash., Dec. 28. -- Iles.
crew reduced to almost specters from
slow starvation and with the captain
believed to be dying, the schooner
Mamie A. Caine was trted into Grays
Harbor with only a few pounds of
moldy hardtack standing between the
men and death.
The steamer sailed from Hypong
China, Sept. 20, and was still off the
China coast when a typhoon almost
wrecked the vessel and carried awa3
most of the food supplies.
For almost 18 days the captain and
crew were on such short rations that
had adverse winds been encountered
off this coast, all admit they must have
Captain Olsen was too near death
from heart disease superinduced by
lack of food. physicians say. to per
mit him to be removed to a hospital.
CONIRESSMAV'S SON SUICIDES.
ST. IOUTS, Dec. 29. - Jerome .\
Coudrey. 18 years old, son of Con
gressman Harry M. Coudrey, shot and
killed himself last night at his apart
ment at the lilekingham club. Con
gressman C'otdrve is enroute from
Washington in a special train. No
cause for the suicide is known.
COLLEIGE FOUNDER DEAD.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. .J.. Dec. 29.
Arthur Gilman. governor of Camn
bridge university. Massachusetts. died
yesterday. 11l' w..s 72 years old. lie
was thel founder of Itadeliffe1 college.
lHe t rote nulnneolls historicail works.
IS COOD CROP
Present High Prices for Hay Empha
sizes One Value of Alfalfa to
A. F. Marsh of Producers Association
Encourages Keeping of Current
Quotations by Distributing Files to
From Wednesday's Daily.
"Alfalfa hay in the stack is. worth
$10 a ton today, and there isn't any
of it to be had,' declared A. F. Marsh
of the Yellotwstone Valley Producers
association yesterday when questioned
concerning the reported shortage of
feed in this section of the state. "I
mean that good alfalfa is worth $10,"
continued Mr. Marsh. "Of course,
theer are as many different grades of
hay as there are of anything else, but
good alfalfa is proving to be ai very
paying crop this season, owing largely
to the early winter and the unex
pected early demand for feed from the
stockmen. But even at $5 a ton I
hold that alfalfa is one of the best
crops a larnier can raise, for it has a
"'There is but little doubt but that
for the coming few years alfalfa hay
will be at top notch figures. But its
second, and in some cases its chief
value lies in its qualities as a fertil
izer, and there isn't a fertilizer in
existence that is so well adapted to
Yellowstone valley climate as alfalfa.
It grows well here, and it always
leaves the land in beter shape for a
more valuable crop. Intensified agri
enlture, which has already taken a
firm hold on lands of the Yellowstone
valley. necessitates the cultivation of
fertilizing crops, and alfalfa can be
rrommended as the best obtainable."
This week's edition of the bulletin
of the association was printed yester
day, and as usual contains the latest
reports on current prices on produce.
A feature of the bulletin is an article
contending for the local advertising of
Montana products. The sale of the
Slack celery at prices which netted its
grower $%t00 an acre, is cited as an
example that the Yellowstone valley
is not behind Kalamazoo- inl this re
gard, and urges that the hotels of the
city whenever possible will in their
Imnlinls mention the fact that the po
tatcie-. clery and other produce
served oi their tables are grown lo
cally alnd are credited to the Yellow
Mr. \iarsil says that locally the as
sociation is receiving much advertis
ing and that its plans for the advance
ment of local produce are meeting
with flattering success. But on ac
count of the strike the association has
been unablle to ship as many carloads
of Yellowstone grown potatoes as was
at first hoped, and for this reason the
development of the eastern fancy mar
'tet has not progressed very rapidly.
In order to encourage the preserv
ing of the weekly bulletin containing
:he crop reports, Mr. Marsh has sent
to each commercial club on the mail
ing list a very handy file where the
Ibulletins can be kept for reference
and which will enable any comnler
cial organization to tell at a glance
the prices which have been current
for the year on any line of pIroduce.
MUST PAY A FINE
Will Be Docked in Expense Account
for Using Foreign Vessel Be
tween .imerican Ports.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 28.-When
Governor Frear of Hawaii, who has
been in Washington on government
business, turns in his expense ac
count, the will confront the United
States auditor with a problem. He
sailed today for Honolulu on the Jap
anese liner Tenyo Maru and, under
the coastwise navigation act. was
forced to pay a federal fine of $400
for his wife and daughter imposed on
passengers traveling between two
American ports in a foreign bottom.
ADVANCE IN COAL.
C'I('AGO. Dec. 28.-Despite a slight
loosening of the freight congestion in
the railway terminals in and about
Chicago. coal took an upward tilt of
25 to 40 cents a ton yesterday, ac
cording to the schedules of some deal
Carrie Appeals Her
Case in Washington
Mrs. Nation Will Not Pay $100 for
Smashing Bar Intil Court of
WASHINGTON. Dl)e. 28.-Mrs. Car
rie Nation has appealed the case in
which she was fined $100 for smash
ing the bar at the Union station in
this city some weeks ago from the
police court to the district court of
appieals. 1Her attorney has raised
several constitutional questions, the
principal one being that the prosecu
tion should have been made in the
name of the United States instead of
the l)istrict of Columbia.
- +- - ----
TIIREE ('IIIIDREN BURNED.
PI'RATT. Kan., Dec. 28.- -Mrs. IHenry
Itlanton left her homel this morning
and went ancross the alley to talk toi
a neigh|bor. W\hen she next looked at
!lthe hou it was in flames and her
t:.r,.o c(hildren were bilturInedl to d th.
At Special Session Held Last Even.
ing Order Closing Saloon Is
Officers Bakke and Terrill Tell of
Opposition of James Claney to Ar
rest of Man in His Place-Clancy
From Wednesday's Daily.
At an adjourned meeting of the
city council held last evening an or
der revoking the license of the Silver
Dollar saloon, 2710 Minnesota avenues,
was passed, it being declared after
the meeting by one of the city offi
cials that the saloon will be closed
today. The order is the outcome of
the arrest of James Clancy, one of
tite proprietors of the place, about a
month ago on a charge of resisting
an officer, in that he attempted to
hinder Officer Terrill in arresting a
man wanted on a charge of attempted
James Clancy, 'who plead guilty to
the charge of resisting 'the officer
and who was fined $50 in police court,
was given an opportunity to present
his side of the case before the council.
He made a short statement, in which
he declared that at the time he was
slightly under 'the influence of liquor;
that heretofore he has always run his
place in an orderly fashion, and that
he was willing to sell out and leave
the city if the council would give him
an opportunity to do so. He did not
deny any of the charges against him,
but insinuated that the council 'was
making a scapegoat of him and that
he was being singled out among many
who were equally as guilty as he.
Officer llakke was called and testi
fied that on the night of Nov. 27 he
went to the Silver Dollar saloon in
company with a sheepherder, who
came to the station and declared that
two men had attempted to rob him
while he was crossing the tracks at
Twenty-seventh street, and that he
had broken away from them and had
seen themn go into tlhe Clancy saloon.
He stated that when he attempted to
arrest the m;an pointed out by the
sheepherder as one who had attempted
to hold him up that Clancy came from
behind the bar and. grasping tihe man
by the arm. declared.
"You can't. arrest any man in my
Following which iBakke declared
C'lancy under arrest, and upon the
saloonnlanll refusal to accompany him
to thel station, telephoned for an extra
policeman, Officer Terrill answering
the summons. Bakke stated that while
he 'was waiting for Terrill's arrival
Clancy told the man under arrest to
make 'his getaway through the back
door. Terrill confirmed Officer
Bakke's statements relative to what
happened after his arrival.
When questioned as to whether or'
not Clancy had run his place of busi
ness in a proper manner, the officers
declared that two robberies had been
reported, but that in neither case had
any arrests been made.
City Attorney Johnston stated that
Clancy's statement that he was slight
ly drunk at the time was his weakest
Iloint. and that any saloon man who
was drunk 'while on duty was not
running 'his place of business as it
should bn run. He stated that the
city had good cause to revoke the
license, and the order closing the sa
loon was accordingly passed.
WANT NEGATIVE CUTTER.
According to a notice posted by the
civil service commission our Uncle
Samuel is in need of a negative cutter,
to be employed in the engraving and
printing division of the geological
survey, and toward that end an ex
'amination will be held in this city
on January 22, from which an eligible
to fill the position will be chosen.
The salary is from $720 to $900 annu
ally, and physical ability will count
as 40 per cent In the test, while the
remaining 60 per cent will he rated
on experience. A feature of the test
is that applications from deaf mutes
will be accepted.
Russell Sage's Widow
May Withdraw Offer
Her Presentation of Half a Million to
Bible Society Depends On Latter's
NEW YORK, Dec. 28.-The Ameri
can Bible society may lose $500,000
unless it can raise $125,000 between
now and next Friday. It is that much
short of the $500,000 subscription
which it has been endeavoring to raise
in order to take advantage of a $500,
000 endowment gift offered by Mrs.
Officials of the society say there is
small likelihood of raising the amount
necessary. They hope at least Mrs.
Sage may be induced to duplicate the
amount already subscribed.
WILL OPEN STORE.
John Murphy, a former resident of
Silesia. is preparing to engage in the
grocery business in this city soon
after January 1. Mr. Murphy has
leased a storeroom in the new Hirsch
building on South Thirty-first street
and opposite South park.
BIlNK CAR 18 BI'RNED.
From Thursday's Daily.
A fire which for a time threatened
'he ice houses and other frame build
ings in the vicinity of the Northern
Pacific roundhouse broke out last
.,vening shortly after 6 o'clock in a
bunk car which was standing on a
siding in tlih local freight yards. 'The
tire w.-s caused )by an overh,:lateld
t(ov\' aind was not .xtingugished until
Ifttl th" lntio e ar was in ruins.
FOUR DAMS OF
Irrigation Scheme Contemplated Will
Require the Erection of Large
HEAD OF MUSSELSHELL
Billings Firm Makes Preliminary Sur
veys and Will Report on Feasibility
of New Project-To Irrigate About
If the plans of a group of Minne
apolis capitalists who are interested
in the development of lands along the
new line of the Milwaukee, northwest
of this city, are carried through to a
successful completion, construction
will begin next summer on four large
dam breasts in the canons of the
small streams which flow frim the
southern side of the Little Belt moun
tains and which form the headwaters
of the Musselshell river, and the ulti
mate irrigation of from 30,000 to 40,
000 acres of fine land in the eastern
part of Meagher county and west of
the Billings & Northern railroad. The
preliminary surveys for the work
have been made by L. M. Hatch, of
the engineering firm of Lillis & Hatch
of this city. Mr. Hatch recently re
turned from the scene of the proposed
reservoirs, where he has spent seven
weeks in field work, and is preparing
maps and estimates which will soon
be submitted to the Minneapolis
people for their approval Mi. r. atch
expressed the opinion yesterday that.
the scheme is feasible and that work
on the dams and ditches will proh
ably begin soon.
The irrigation scheme is one of the
most complicated from an engineering
stanlipoint that has ieen attempted
in Montana. The land lies north of
the town of Two Dot on the Mil
waukee line. and northwest of liar
lowtown, one of the coming cities of
central Montana. The plan of con
serving the flood waters of the Mus
selshell and turning them over the
dry lands has been considered for
some time, ibt it was not until last
fall that eastern men who have t:.'
financial hacking to put the project
through investigatled its good points
and decided to 'have the preliminary
surveys made. calling on the Billings
firm for the work. If Mr. Hatch's
reports alr taliirov\'d the syndioate
will form l a. stock company and begin
construction, which will occupy the
greater part of next summer.
The plans for Ilrigation call for th ,
construction of foiur large stone datnI
breasts, varying in height from 15(1
to 250 feet, whicih will dam the waters
of the Musselshell for a considerable
distance tand create the first large
I'eservoir for the storage of irrigation
water in eastern Montana. The val
ley of the Musselshell. unlike that of
the Yellowstone, can not lay claim to
an unlimited water supply, for the
stream does not have as large a water
shed as the Yellowstone. But it is
claimed that by the construction of
the breasts an ample volume of water
for irrigation can lie obtained and
that the cost of the work per acre
of irrigable land will not tIe greatly
in excess of the cost of irrigation
work along the Yellowstone.
The building of the system will
mean the settlement and. cultivation
of a large area of very rich land
which is now but sparingly settled by
dry land farmers, and the development
of a district which, although a con
siderable distance from this city, in
a way is Billings territory and which
will be largely supplied by the wholo
sale houses of this city.
FINED FOR GIVING
LIQUOR TO A:MINOR
E. E. Murphy Is First to Be Arrested
and Convicted of Violating New
E. E. Murphy, proprietor of a small
store in a tent at the corner of
Twenty-ninth street and Montana ave
nue, was yesterday afternoon ar
raigned before Judge Mann on a
charge of giving liquor to a minor.
Murphy was arrested on a similar
complaint Friday of last week, but the
formal charge was not made until yes
terday morning. He entered a plea of
guilty and was fined $50, which he
paid. The offense was in violation of
the recently enacted city ordinance
which makes it a crime for a minor
to frequent a saloon, for the proprie
tor or bartender of a saloon to allow
a minor in the saloon and for anyone
to sell or give intoxicating liquors to
It is said that otlher arrests will hie
made in the near future.
------- ~ --- --
Island Delegates to Congress Will
Ask for Many Needed Reforms
for Their People.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 28.-The two
Philippine delegates to congress.
Benito Legardo and Manuel Quezon.
have arrived in Washington for the
congressional session and britng with
them requests from the people of the
islands for a number of reforms.
They will ask that homesteapds in
the Philippines on which a single in
dividual may file be enlarged from to
acres to 125 acres.
This refers to lands in the "public
domain," and has no connection with
the friar lands.
Advertise that property just to show
that you are in earnest about selling
it. Gazette ads get results.