Newspaper Page Text
TNHE ATVR HERALD.
VOIL. 1, No. 2. HAVRE, OCOUTEAU COUNTY, MONTANA, WEDN&ESDAY, JULIY 13, 1904. $2.00 PER YEAB
i- I- II III III III I I I i. 1 1_· i i I !_ .. .. . I lll
The Havre Herald
A. C. LENDER, PUBLISHER.
.nthlered at the postofflce at Havre. Mon
t ana. as sceondclass mail matter.
lBy the unanimous vote of the con
vention Judge Parker, of New York,
was made tihe democratic nominee
for president. Henry G. Davis, of
West, Virginia, is his running mate.
The Democratic national con ven
tion adopted the following fuiLlda
mental principles as a part of their
"The application of these funda
mental principles to the living issues
of the day is the first step toward the
assured peace, safety and progress of
our natioi. Freedom of the press,
conscience and speech; equality before
t hlie law of all citizens; the right of
trial by jury, freedom of the person
defended by the writ of habeas corpus;
liberty of personal contract, untram
meled by sumptuary laws; supremacy
of the civil over the military authority;
a well disciplined militia; the separat
ion of church and state; economy in
expenditures, low taxes, that labor
may be lightly burdened; prompt and
sacred fulfillment, of public and pri
vate obligations; fidelity to treaties,
peace and friendship with all nations;
entangling alliances with none; abso
lute acquiescense in the will of the
majority, the vital principle of repub
liis; these are the doctrines which
democracy has established asproverbs
of the nation and they should be con
CAPITAL AND LABOR.
We favor the enactment and ad
ministration of laws giving labor and
capital impartially their just rights.
Capital and labor ought not to be en
emies. Each is necessary to the other.
Each has its rights, but the rights of
labor are certainly no less "vested,"
no less "sacred" and no less "inaliena
ble" than the rights of capital.
One of the greatest strikes inr the
history of this country is begun in
cities where big packing plants are
located. Forty-five thousand em
ployes went on a strike Tuesday and
the danger of a meat panic isevident.
We wonder who designs all of the
funny wall paper.
MEN AND THEIR METHODS.
We have just had a bicentennial of
which little notice was taken by the
general public. The two hundredth
anniversary of the American press
occurred in April last, alnd secured
short notices from our great dailies.
April 24, 1704, was t he starting of the
first newspaper in the colonies, the
Boston News-better. Itwas preceded
by Publick Occurrences, asmall quarto
sheet with one page blank, which ap
peared in Boston in 1690, and was the
first regulary printed publication of
America. This sheet was soon sup
pressed by the governor of Massachu
setts for containing "reflexions of a
very high nature." Therefore, to the
News-Letter, which died in 1776, be
longs the honor of being the leader
of a stream from the press which has
never ceased to increase in volume.
At present the number of newspapers
in the country is said to be over 21,000.
The News-Letter was a small affair,
7 by 10+ inches, two columns to the
page. Edited by John Campbell, post
master of Boston, it was studiously
neutral and avoided expressing any
opinion or telling any fact which
might give offense to powers that
were. For fifteen years Boston pub
lished the only newspaper in the col
onies, Philadelphia following in 1719
and New York in 1725. It is curious
that the Boston Gazette was issued
on December 21, 1719, and the Phila
delphia Weekly Mercury on December
22, 1719. With the appearance of the
New England Courantin 1721, founded
by James Franklin, the press began
to show color, to make history. Ben
Franklin says that his brother had
begun to print it in 1720 or 1721.
When James Franklin was forbidden
to issue it the order was evaded by
printing it in the name of Benjamin,
just as when some astute legislators
passed a law iagainst the playing of
ninepins theic game of tenpins came
The first volume of the News-Letter
is owned by the, New York Historical
Society and was .riginally the property
of Samuel Sewall, that entertaining
Massachusetts julge who sentenced
several "witches" io death during the
excitement known as the Salem witch
craft. Many of Sewall's copies of the
News-Letter have comments on the
margins in his handwriting. There
are really four volut mes bound in the
one book, the numbers running from
the first one to April 19, 1708, and in
this list of 209 numbers only--five are
missing. Only one of her copy of the
first number is known and that is
owned by the Massac' . usetts Historical
Society, but the latter has only eigh
teen numbers of the first volume while
the New York sociel y lacks but one
copy, No. 27. A coll3ction owned by
the American Ant iquarian Society
begins with No. 3(.
Vol. 1, No. 1 of the News-Letter
contains two colurfnms of news from
Europe, and the (,lly item of local in
terest is the statement that a vessel
recently arrived in Boston reported
that it was cha.sed near Block Island
by what was !t ought to be a French
privateer. A most interesting item
in the first, jlume is a brief obituary
notice of the death of Peregrine
White, fai ,ous in our history as the
first whitr, male child born in New
England. The news is under a date
line frum Marshfield, Mass., of July
22, aind is as follows:
Captain Peregrine White of this town, aged
ei.'hty-three years and eight months, died
the 20th inst. He was vigorous and of comely
aspect to the last; was the son of Mr. William
White and Susanna, his wife; born on board
the Mayflower, Captain James, commander,
in Cape Cod Harbour, November, 1620; was
the first Englishman born in New England.
Although he was in the former part of his life
extravagant, yet was much reformed in his
last years and died happily.
This volume was presented to the
New York society by the founder of
the famous Bruce type foundry,George
Bruce, who at the time had not per
fected his improvements in stereoty
ping which afterward made him fam
ous, but was, as he designated him
self, a printer. This was in 1805,
when he was a journeyman. The
New York Daily Advertiser's imprint
reads: "Printed and published by
George Bruce." He afterwardsta ted
a book printing office and in 1818
erected the typefoundry.-Typograph
Plan to Embrace Montana Con
cert Hall in City Limits.
The city council met, in special ses
sion Friday evening, the following al
dermen being present. Ober, McIn
tyre, Wright, Young and Smith;
Mayor Newman presiding and J. W.
Bills were acted upon and treasur
ers report of Daniel Boone was re
ferred to the finance committee.
On motion the clerk was instructed
to notify Geo. T. Sanderson that a
walk must be built opposite his prop
erty on Second avenue within a peri
od of thirty days.
Mayor Newman announced that in
order to carry out the wishes of the
people who had elected him upon the
platform of the Citizen's reform par
ty, he had taken steps to bring the
Montana Concert Hall under the jur
isdiction of the city. That he had
requested C. W. Young to allow the
city to plat the ground on which the
Concert Hall stands and bringit with
in the city limits, that all saloons
may be placed on an equal footing.
That Mr. Young had refused to com
ply with his request, and it was the
intention of the city administration
to harrass Mr. Young to the extent
of making his business unprofitable in
order to force him within the limit.
Mayor Newman also stated that he
found it for the best interests of
Havre to order sporting women out
side the city limits, and that they
should not be permitted to reside
For every Seventyfive Cents you
spend with us you get a Dollar's
Worth of clothing.
We prefer to keep Spring
Stock movilig and at any cost.
We would rather count the
money than inventory the stock.
LOCATED ON 4th STREET,
within a quarter or a half mile of the
city limits, and then in a location
prescribed by the council The mayor
was supported in this by four of the
aldermen present. Mayor Newman
asserted that this action was not a
personal grievance against Mr. Young,
but for the good morals of the city
and a restriction on gambling.
Mr. Young stated that the proper
ty comprising the Montana Concert
Hall was paying more revenue into
the city treasury than the rest of the
saloons combined; that should the
ground be platted, he would be com
pelled to go to the expense of putting
in an alley, but that he would consid
er the matter within the next three
days and report at the council meet
ing Tuesday night.
The council decided to lay a tem
porary walk from H. W. Gross' store
to Peter DesRosier's store.
On motion the night marshal was
instructed to keep a close watch as to
the time the electric lights were
turned on and off, and report to the
Meeting adjourned unt il Tuesday
The council again met Tuesday
evening last and the sewer arid water
system question was discussed. City
Engineer Swearingen will pirstr.nt the
plans and the lay of the system to the
council at their next meeting for en
dorsement. It is the admintsirra~ion's
intention to start the work as soon
as the bonds are sold.
C. W. Young has consented to al
low the city to plat the ground on
which the Montana Concert hail is
The suits pending over the arrest
of sporting women were dismissed and
the concert hall will run as hereto