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DEVOTEDTO THE INTERESTS OF COLORED AMERICANS.
Voi.1. No. 1.
HELENA,MONTANA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 'X 1894.
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MAINSTREET. COR. STATE.
Townof Anacouda vs. City of Helena
\\DTHE PEOPLE OK HIE STATE OF^MKT AM.
PlainFacts and Kigures For the People^on the Installment Plan ^ Why^You Should Vote for Helena.
N11*comes the city of Helena and^for answer to the petition of the town^of Anaconda to tie made the perma^^nent capital of the state of Montana^sets forth the following reason why it^I Helena) should deselected as the^permanent capital and why Anacon^^da should not, viz.
1st.Helena is located geographic^^ally nearly in the centerof the state,^while Anaconda is situated in the ex^^treme southwestern corner of the^state. Helena can therefore he con^^veniently reached from all parts of^the state whereas Anaconda cannot.
lid.Helena is the railroad center^of the state with lines diverging in^every direction. Anaconda is i-olated^on a spur. One can, therefore, easily^reach or leave Helena by a choice of^several trans-continental routes,^while Anaconda is dependent wholly^on her ^bpurs.
M.Helena is situated near the^center of the state's population and^will remain so. Therefore it is and^will continue the most accessible^point to a very large majority of the^people of the 9tate. Anaconda is as^remote to center of population as it^is geographically and will grow still^more so as the population of the state^increases.
Helenais the geographical center,^the railroad center and the center of^population of the state of Montana.^As to these three essentials for a cap^^ital city Anaconda ^isn't in it.
COLOREDCITIZENS! VOTE FOR HELENA!
Thecolored people of Helena have^a lively interest in the welfare of^their city. As a claHs they are pros^^perous happy and well situated. The^people of the city are well disposed^towards them and offer them every^opportunity to go upward and onward.^As a result they are occupying many^positions of trust and prolit. Those^of us who are in business on our own^account arc patronized as much by^the whites as by our own people. In^fact, this is a cosmopolitan city and^everyone regardless of color succeeds^or laiis according to his efforts. Our^people when visiting the city always^receive a hearty welcome by our^white fellow citizens who at all times^and under all circumstances take a^laudable pride in extending a royal^welcome to all strangers. We are all^proud of our lovely city with its^homes, churches, educational and so^^cial institutions. We hope that our^people throughout the state without^exception will speak a good word for^Helena as the permanent capital and^on the Oth of November next vote for^the city where five hundred of us live.
Wewill consider it a race compli^^ment.
BITTESEKIMIS THE MOTION.
Altarof colored Crush.
Buttk,Mont., Aug. 31.^I learn with^much pleasure that there is to be a^weekly paper devoted toour interest^started in Helena. I am truly glad to^hear this anJ trust the report is not^all talk, for we are in need of a paper^wherein we may express our feelings^and desires I learn that the ^ 'olokkd^ClTOSM will endeavor to reach the^household of every colored family in^Montana. And the aim of your pa^^per will be to inlluence every colored^man in ^ur state to vote for Helena^for the capital. This is a move in the^right direction, Mr. Editor, for our^people will be lead by their own color.^In this move you shall have my hearty^co-operation. I say Helena for the^capital.
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How1 In- ^ ...1.1 RcMm Fund 11m Bmd Ra-^^lin .ll I niier the I'r- ut .\^tuiinu^t ration.
Theinability of the Democracy to^man ye the affairs of the country if^shown iu a striking way by the condi^^tion of the ^gold reserve^ in the treas^^ury today. The gold reserve, as every^^body knows, was a sum of $ 100,000,000^set aside by Republican legislation to^bo held as security for the |840,000,0OO^of United States mites, or ^green^^backs, ^ in circulation When the Repub^^licans, ou March 4, 1893, turued the^treasury department over to the Demo^^cratic administration, this gold reserve^was intact, as it always had been un^^der Republican administration. The^#100,000,000 was there and always had^been there since it was set aside years^ago as a fund sacred for the protection^of tin^ war issue of money known as^greenbacks. The alarm which the coun^^try felt at the incoming of a Democrat^^ic administration which had promised^to overturn the financial system of the^government, coupled with the desire of^importers to await the reduction of the^tariff before they imported more gmxls,^combined to make the ret ipts of the^treasury very small. People, seeing^the coming storm, stopped buying any^more goods than were absolutely neces^^sary, and importers brought little^into the country, and therefore naid^little into the treasury iu the form of^tariff. The result was that the receipts^begau to fall off immediately after the^Democracy took chargo and have for^the past year fall, n below tho necessary^running expenses.
TheDemocracy, which promised to^bo enormously reduce the expenses of^the government, has found it impossi^^ble to keep thi* pledgo, but that, on the^other hand, the Republicans had ad^^ministered it as economically as they^are themselves able to do. In conse^^quence of the falling off in the receipts^it has been necessary to constantly ^dip^into^ the gold reserve in the treasury^in order to meet the running expenses^of tho government. The result has been^a sad decline in the amount of the gold^reserve. It was over $ 100,000,000 when^the Democracy took charge of tho treas^^ury. Within a few mouths It fell be^^low the limit fixed by law and has been^sadly but surely tending downward ever^since.
Afew mouths ago Secretary Carlisle,^'finding it impossible to induce congress^to authorize him to issue bonds to get^more money with which to run the gov^^ernment, took tho bit in his teeth and^issued #50,000,000 worth of bonds un^^der an old law passed years ago. This^helped out tho treasury for the moment^and brought up tho balance to over^$100,000,000 again. By tho 1ft of May^of tho present year, however, it had^fallen below that limit, and today^stands at #00,000,000. This, it must be^remembered, includes #40,000,000 in^gold realized from the sale of the bonds^issued by Secretary Carlisle a few^mouths ago. Had it not been for this^$40,000,000 which he thus added to the^gold reserve by plunging the country^$50,000,000 deeper into debt the gold^reserve today would be but #20,000,00o.^As it. is. with a record of #50,000,000^added to the debt of the country, it is^but #ii(),000,000, or a little over one-^half what the law requires and what^tho Republicans always maintained it^at during their control of the treasury.
mistakenideas as to the meaning^of the term.
Hui.nu--I Hiring1 Hit. Harrison and Cleve^^land AdiuliiUtratlonii Ctini|iared.
From1877 until the close of the year^of 1888 the Ml m e of trade remained^With the United States. Mr. Cleveland^had served three years, with the balance^of trade favorable to us of #333,000,000,^irat in closing the fiscal year of 1888 the^national account showed a balance of^$28,000,000 against us, being the first^to occur in 11 years.
PresidentHarrison's administration^commenced iu 1880, while the balance^of trade was against us. Tho close of^the fiscal year, June 30, 1890, showed^a balance against us of #3,700,000, but^the tide turned in our favor early in^1890 and remained with us to the close^of Harrison's administration. The last^three years gavo us a total of #310,968,-^0^M.
Acomparison shows that Cleveland's^four years, with an excess in tho first^in ^ur favor of #104,000,000, terminat^^ed vith a deficit of #28,000,000, while^Harrison's administration began with a^deficit of over #2,000,000 and closed^with a surplus or balance in our favor^of more than #'J^'i2,000,000. A further^comiarisoii shows that Harrison's^administration, although commencing^with unfavorable trade, had a surplus^above that of Cleveland's 111 favor of^our si It of the ledger of #'.^3.000,000^when it closed, there being a steady^flow 11' nearly #1 7,1100,000 monthly of^trad'1 111 ^iur favor
TheInauguration of President Cleve^^land in March, ls.nj, changed the whole^coarse if trade, so that three mouths^afterward, .June :si the balance of trade^turned igainst us tot lie amount of near^^ly #19, mo, 000. The 11 months of the^corn-tit year, to May 30, show a loss of^$210, noe,don in trade. As-i further com^^parison, he first two years of Cleveland's^former administration gave us a bal^^ance of $306,000,000 in oar favor,^while th- first two y-ars of his present^adminisirati' 11 will show a loss of^$348,000,000, or a total loss of $43o,-^000,000 to the Unite.1. States
indefense of new england.
WhatIs Called ^Haw Matt-rial'* U ll.ally^a Finished I'roduct of Labor la Soma^t'nrui How We May Compete In the^MarkeU of the World.
Thogreatest public discussion held^tu the senate of the United States oc^^curred July 20 over the president's let^^ter, iu which he condemned the Demc-^cratc party for attempting the passage^of a tariff bill in which there was ig^^nored in the items of coal, iron and^other articles the Democratic doctrine^of free raw material. Senator Hill, In^discussing the situation, said:
Uponthe question of free raw nia-^I terials the president is right, and you^know it. You cannot answer his argu^^ments. You cannot successfully dispute^his propositions. You cannot doubt his^sincerity and patriotism. You must yield^in the end to his views. Yoo cannot^stand up against the sentiment of the^I )emi K-rat ic masses of the country, which^will rally round the president iu this^contest with you upon this particular^branch of the subject. The time to yield^is now, before there is further humilia^^tion, embarrassment and discord.
WhetherDemocrats may be found^who are able to answer the president's^arguments, whether people within the^knowledge of Senator Hill are wholly^unable to successfully dispute his propo^^sition, there are some well known facts^that the common people might read^with profit concerning the propositions^which underlie the doctrine of free raw^material. Let us take the principal el.^ments of cost in manufactured goods,^labor mid material. These can lie re^^solved into a single one, for material is^but the product of labor. Therefore la^^bor alone is the principal cost of manu^^factured goods. What is called ^raw^material^ is none the less a finished^product of labor iu some form. It all^repiesents capital in a small degree and^labor iu a larger sense. Hut the ques^^tion at issue is the putting of free raw^materials on the free list so as to reduce^tho cost of tho domestic product by for^^eign competition in order to lower the^cost of goods. The foreign manufacturer^has tho same access to free raw mate^^rials that we have. He is as energetic^and anxious to succeed in holding the^markers of the world as we are to take^these markets from him. We cun only^succeed in this sharp competition by the^producing of these materials at a lower^cost, which means wages, for the labor^cast of all materials must be lessened^if wo are to compete with tho cheapest^of the countries of the world in open^market. The whole question resolves^itself at once into a single proposition^^that the country which pays tho least^for its raw material is the strongest^competitor in tho open markets of the^world. If the United States desires to^be that country, there is only one way^to accomplish it ^ namely, to reduce the^WaS* until this material can be prepar^^ed at a less price than at w hich it is^now prepared in Europe, South Ameri^^ca or Asia.
Ourpeople are U-gilining to learn^that coal is raw material, and yet we^have been confronted within the last^six months with some of the greatest^strikes ever kuowu in our coalfields for^the purpose of maintaining a mining^rate which is nearly double that paid in^some of the foreign countries. Again,^the cost of transportation of coal from^Maryland and Virginia to the seaboard^is four times that of the transportation^from the British provinces on tho At^^lantic coast. The question is, How can^we compete iu the open markets of our^own country with raw material in the^form of coal against tho cheaper coal^produced by cheaper wage.-; and cheaper^transportation on the seaboard^ What is^true of coal may bo said to be true of^iron and all other forms of raw mate^rial. Had we not better kept the Mc-^Kinley law iu force, which has already^demonstrated its ability to give us largi r^markets than we could ever hope for^under free trade conditions
I'arlyI't m. 11.1* - H.-|iu.Hated.
Therecord has Is-en made. The Dem^^ocratic house has repudiated parly prin^^ciples and pledges, broken faith with^tho American people, legislated directly^and deliberately for the benefit of trusts^and monopolists and betrayed a consti^^tutional trust. That record of ^perfidy^and dishonor^ cannot Ik-unmade by l^e-^lated and farcical attempts 011 the part^of the house to cover its n treat by a^menace of free sugar, free coal and free^iron bills, which will never bo acted^upon by the senate. The nous.- is over^whelmed with disgrace, demoralization^and dishonor. Its attitude is that of^Sterne's unhappy, belabored donkey^^^Do not 's it in.-, my masters, I beseech^you, but you may Is-at me if you will. ^^^New York Tribum
AMilk, as Will He a Strike.
Theright sort of a sympathy strike is^that which the voters of all the state*^will engage 111 against the Dcuioratic^party on Nov 0.^St. Louis Cilobe-Dem^ocrat
VHint t^ secretary Carlisle.
Thoseable Alabama counters ought^to be set at work on the gold reserve.^Perhaps they could figure out a surplus.^^Boston Journal
SheI* a Far Larger Purcluwer of American^Product* Than Old England.
Ifour country is to remain a prosper^^ous and united people, sectional inter-^ests are not to Ih legislated against. Th^^south and west, controlling the votes in^the 1 01 gross of the United States to en^^act tariff laws at the present time, must^hold to the conservative view that New^England is their best customer, and^that tho enactment of laws detrimental^to her gn at industrial interests cripples^li. r as a purchaser of th'^ gr^'at products^of the south and west.
Withthree-fourths of ail the spindles^of the country, New England produces^not a pound of cotton, bat sho eonsunn s^one fifth of the whole cotton crop of the^United States, her purchase in 1890^amounting to more than $77,003,000^Can the south treat with indignity such^a customer as this
NewEngland grows leas than 4 per^cent of the wool of this country, bat she^uses one-half of the total clip Can the^west and the great Paciflo states slight^New England by crippling her indos-^tri( -
NewEngland, again, mines not a^pound of coal, but uses uot less than^10,000,000 tons annually in her homes^and factories. Can Maryland and the^Virginias, whence a large portion of^this output comes, cast a vote in the^congress of the United States that would^paralyze her great factory system and^cause her to put out her fires
Ofall the articles of food for man^and beast New England produces a suf^^ficiency only of two things^hay for her^cattle, potatoes for her people. There^^fore she becomes an annual customer of^the west for not less than 3,000,000^barrels of fl.nir, to which is to bo added^two-thirds ..1 all thw tuuut consumed^throughout her domain. Certainly the^west must be careful for such a cus^^tomer.
Manufacturing,as she does, fully^three-fourths of all the boots and shoes^worn iu the country, she is a purchaser^of hides and leather to the extent of a^majority of the output of the country^Her lumls-r has long since disappeared^from off her mountain slopes. Now she^looks to tho northwest and the south^for her supplies to build homes and fac^^tories. If these people who crowd the^markets with their lumber are not care^^ful of Now England's thrift and prow^perity, they mast loao ono of thoir best^customers for the purchase of lumber.
Thisis but a glance at the many^sided question of trade between tho^states, and while a solid south stood^with a menace toward all industrial^interests, trying to securo the very last^and least possible reduction of that^protection which hits made New Eng^^land the peer of old England, these self^^same people expect New England to^come with her gold and her silver and^buy the products of southern fields and^southern farms. Let the solid south^stand still for a moment's reflection and^count the cost if they would be wise,^for the New England manufacturer^openly declares that if you will give^him foreign wages he fears no foreign^competition. The outcome of the whole^question is that such legislation is but^to paiqicrizc the artisans of tho east and^to bring sorrow and sadness into tho^homes where j^^y and plenty have had^their abode for many years. The lalior-^iug people of New England as well as^the laboring jiooplo of all tho country^ought to understand this. One of their^popular mottoes is, ^The injury of one^is the injury of all,^ and let this bo^emblazoned forever on all New Eng^^land's interests and held up before the^whole country to warn them that if^we would continue our national pros^^perity we must care for New England's^factory system.
Mr.Fred Hirsch, a Belgian repm-^seuting an establishment employing^12,000 men, was in Chicago recently^and witnessed many of th-j diabolical^acts grow ing out of the labor disturb^auce. He viewed with astonishment tic^tolerance with which rioters are treated^in this country as compared with the re^^pressive agencies employed against^them in Europe. He has found his conn^trymeii in the United States, who were^never able to earn more than li'i cents^a day at home, receiving #1.35 and^#1..^id and more per dar and vetdissatis^tied.
Thiswas just the state of affairs two^year- ago. Labor was n^ver so _ ^ ral^ly employed and at wag- - so rei itinera^five, and y.-t they wens dissati tied and^voted for a change. They got if, with a^vengeance. Never have there ben M^many unemployed iu this countrv, and^the financial losses are simply fabulous.
Doyou want these conditions to con^^tinue^ If juu do, vote with the De^mocraey; if not, vote for the return of^the K. publican party to power.
Betrayed!That can be the oniy ver^diet of the genuine Democrats of the^co iitry on the acts of their n-preseiita^tiv.s in congress. By fear and faiut^heart, by the idiotic embrace of Popu^^lism, by degrading corruption. Democ^^racy is beat. 11, confused, humiliated.^^New Haven Register.
What'sthe difference between the^veterans of iMil and now^^ ^In 18'14
tinninnies w. re marching through
GeorgiaTislay Georgia's Hoke Smith^is going through the buys.