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DEVOTEDTO THE INTERESTS OF COLORED AMERICANS.
Vol.1. No. 5.
HELENA,MONTANA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1894.
SiLES -A.3-EXTT FOE
WANAMAKER^ BROWN, of Philadelphia
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ROBT.It McCULLOH,Vice President
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I'll.mA Marlow,^John T. Murphy^R. L. McCulioh,^David A. Cory,^Herman Wane.^Nicholas Keasier
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L.H. HERSHFIELD President
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Boxesfor rent at reasonable rates In our^Are and burglar proof safe deposit vaults.
RepublicansMust Not Be Too Confident,^but Should Work llar.t thirty three.^United States Senators to Be Elected.^Harmony and Hard Work Essential.
Allthe members of the next congress^are to be elected on Not. 6. Legisla^^tures aro to be chosen in August, Sep^^tember and November, which will have^the election of 88 United States sena^^tors. If either house becomes Republic^^an, further bad legislation can be block^^ed. In the event of a strong Republican^verdict it is probable that even the pres^^ent congress will not succeed In passing^anything very damaging diring the^short session that will remain for it
Thereis a feeling that the Republic^^ans are going to sweep the country this^year, and they will if they try. But^here are a few figures which show that^it will not do to be too confident There^are 866 members in the present house,^of whom only 128 are Republicans. It^will be seen that there is a great deal^to overcome. The Democrats expect to^hold nearly or quite all of their 120^from the south. If they hold them all,^they will need to get only 69 more from^28 northern states to hold a majority.^The Republicans must carry three to^one of the northern districts in order to^gain control.
Butas a large number of Democrats^in the present house received only small^pluralities and as public opinion has un^^dergone a revolution it is believed that^every close district will go Republican^this year if proper attention is given to^it A Democratic loss throughout the^north proportioned to that sustained in^special elections in New York and Ohio^districts this year to fill vacancies will^mako the next house strongly Republic^^an. Besides we expect some gains in^the south.
ThePopulists, who have 14 mem^^bers of the present house, expect to bar*^at least 40 in the next This calcula^^tion, however, is all in the air. Popu^^lism is on the wane in the country dis^^tricts sin :o the railroad strike, and our^advices from Kansas, Nebraska and the
Populistslose. In the large cities, how^ever, the Populists now seem likely to^win the striking labor vote from the^Democrats. This may be contemplated^with serenity, because the change will^only be to another alias. It is only^when they win votes from the Republic^^ans that the country is endangered^Should they have 40 members, mostly^won from the Republicans, they would^have the balance of power in the next^house, and in case the presidential elec^^tion should be thrown into the house the^situation would be at least disquieting.
Thosesenators whose terms expire^with the present congress are as follows:^Morgan of Alabama, D.; Berry of^Arkansas, D.; Wolcott of Colorado, R.;^Hicgi^^ of Delaware, R.; Colquitt of^Georgia, D.; Shoup of Idaho, R.; Cul-^lom of Illinois, R.; Gear of Iowa, R.;^Martin of Kansas, D.; Lindsay of Ken^^tucky, D.; Caffery of Louisiana, D.;^Frye of Maine, R.; Hoar of Massachu^^setts, R.; McMillan of Michigan, It;^Washburn of Minnesota, R.; Walthall^of Mississippi, D.; Power of Montana,^U.; vacancy to be filled; Manderson of^Nebraska, R.; Chandler of New Hamp^^shire, R.; McPherson of New Jersey, D.;^Ransom of North Carolina, D.; Dolph^of Oregon, R.; Dixon of Rhode Island,^R.; Butler of South Carolina, D.; Petti-^grew of South Dakota, R. | Harris of^Tennessee, D.; Coke of Texas, D.; Hun-^ton of Virginia, D.; vacancy in Wash^^ington; Camden of West Virginia, D.;^Carey of Wyoming, R.; vacancy to be^filled.
Hereare 14 Democrats and 16 Repub^^licans, with three vacancies in states^now partly represented by Republicans.^Rhode Island has already elected a Re^^publican successor to Mr. Dixon, and^Oregon has chosen a legislature which^will re-elect Mr. Dolph. Glanoing over^the list, not a seat now held by a Repub^^lican looks shaky, and on the oontrary^there is reason for believing that all^the vacancies will be filled by Republic^^ans, and that protectionists, if not Re^^publicans, are likely to come from Ala^^bama, New Jersey and West Virginia,^with the possibility of one from Ten^^nessee. But in any event the senate will^be close, and the Populists now there^will continue to receive attention far^beyond their merits unless they improve^by experienca
Theobvious lesson of the foregoing^facts for Republicans to observe is that^we must work to win. It is important^to look after all the close districts, south^as well as north. It is a mistake to treat^the south or even our large cities as for^^eign countries or hopeless fields. Every^candidate who will not declare for ade^^quate and impartial protection should be^opposed, and if he is opposed vigorously^there will be a good many surprises.
Anotherimportant lesson of the hour^is harmony. Men who are Republicans^in the main should be wholly so this^year. It was third partyism and side^Issues which gave the country to the^Democracy in 1899, and what a fearful^price the people have paid for it I Re^^publicans will never join any other par
tyso long as the country or the pros^^perity of the people is iu danger. There^^fore the few who Lave undertaken to^^smash the Republican party^ in order^to absorb it should first smash tho Dem^^ocrats, the Populists, the anarchists and^every other element which, through^combination with the others, is a na^^tional menace. The people have been^brought near enough to danger this year^so that they will have little patience^with those who make diversions when^all good men should stand in line. Let^all the new hopes go until we hare^made freedom, peace and prosperity ss-
PITHYPOINTS ON SU'JAR.
tFew Facts That Demonstrate the Demo^^cratic Love For Trusts.
Underthe McKinley tariff the Amer^^ican people have secured free sugar. The^treasury department estimated our pop^^ulation July 1 at 68,897,000 persons,^the per capita consumption of sugar at^68pounds, and our total consumption^of sugar at 4,348,209,600 pounds.
Thetotal value of these 4,843,909,-^600 pounds of raw sugar at an average^price of 2 ^ cents per pound would be^1119,488,261. An ad valorem tariff of^40 per cent upon this sum would be^$47,776,304. This would be the extent^of the direct sugar tax upon the break^^fast table of the people without adding^any specific or differential duty upon re^^fined sugar. This tax has beeu proposed^by the Democratic representatives in^congress
Theinterest upon the national debt^for the year ending June 30, 1892, was^$23,378,116 The direct sugar tax would^be more than double that amount The^Democratic representatives in congress^propose to impose upon every person in^the country a direct sugar tax of 70^cents per capita as compared with the^tax of only 3.5 cents for payment of in^^terest on the national debt. The sugar^tax will be double the payments neces^^sary to Bustain our national honor and^credit
Thepayments for pensions made \^y^the United States government during 27^years^1867-93^averaged $1.06 per^capita of our population. The sugar tax^proposed by the Democratic representa^^tives in congress will be almost 70 per^cent of the average per capita amount^paid to the defenders of their country.^., The amount of duties collected upon^iff TOfiaporf^ during the y'ear ending^June 80, 1892, wasl^i99,143,678. The^sugar tax of $47,776,804 will add al^^most 25 per cent to the total of these^duties collected upon all our import*.
THEDECREASE OF OUR DEBT.
UnderProtection We Increased Oar Assets^and Lessened Our Liabilities.
Notonly do a nation's or individual's^assets show progress aiid prosperity, but^the liabilities and their nature should^be considered as well. Our wealth and^savings have been tabulated and com^^pared with those of previous periods, all^proving our marvelous progress under a^protective tariff. But every nation has^a debt, and the United States is no ex^^ception to the rule, though the showing^made by our country is most satisfac^^tory.
Whileforeign nations have increased^their debt, we have, in the same period,^decreased ours by nearly the same^amount as the foreign debts have in^^creased. The average annual decrease^in the national debt of the United States^during the last decade exceeded $100,-^000,000. The decrease per capita of^combined national, state and local debt^during the same period was from $60.78^to $32.37, while other statistics showed^that the value of property assessed for^taxation increased meanwhile from $17,-^000,000,000 to $25,500,000,000, or 60^per cent, indicating a reduction of debt^and an increase of wealth unprecedented^in modern times. So it is that protec^^tion works both ways. It not only in^^creases our assets, but decreases our lis^^bilities.
LowerWages For Lumbermen.
Thethreat of free trade in lumber has^completely demoralized the lumber^trade in every section of tte country.^There has been stagnation in the build^^ing trade, which, together with the un-^oertainty as to future values caused by^delay in the tariff settlement has nat^^urally our tailed the output of the mill*.
Asa consequence there have been many^idle lumbermen, and their wages have^fallen. Two years ago the lumbermen^in Georgia were earning from $1 to^$1.25 per day, but lately they have been^only receiving from 70 to 86 cents for a^full day's work They find that the loss^of $a or $8 in a week's wages does not^compensate them for any cheapness^there may be in the price of goods.^They begin to appreciate that protection^for lumber is also protection for lum^^bermen, and they wonder if the mere^fear of free trade has already caused a^loss of $2 or $3 a week in their earnings^what free trade itself will do This ^ob^^ject lesson^ is bringing the southern^lumbermen over to the side of protec^^tion.
HasIt Made Any Impros men t In the Bnsi-^neas of the Country
PresidentCleveland called congress^in special session Aug. 7, 1898, and^sent to them his message, in whioh he^says:
Theexistenoe of an alarming and^extraordinary business situation, involv^^ing the welfare and prosperity of all our^people, has constrained me to call to^^gether in extra session the people's rep^^resentatives in congress. With plen^^teous crops, with abundant promise of^remunerative production and manufac^^ture, with unusual invitation to safe^investment and with satisfactory assur^^ance to business enterprise, suddenly^financial distrust and fear have sprung^up on every side. Numerous moneyed^institutions have suspended because^abundant asset* were not immediately^available to meet the demands of fright^^ened depositors. Surviving corporations^and individuals are content to keep in^hand the money they are usually anx^^ious to loan, and those engaged in legit^^imate business are surprised to find that^the securities they offer for loans,^though heretofore satisfactory, are no^longer accepted Values supposed to be^fixed are fast becoming conjectural, and^loss and failure have invaded every^branch of business. I believe these^things are principally chargeable to^congressional legislation touching the^purchase and coinage of silver by the^general government
Ofthis deplorable condition of the^country the president says: ^The evil^effects of the operation^ of this law^are ^constantly aeoumulatlnai^ that it^is depleting the treasury on S^d; that
likeours, but it is ^ healthy indication^in the great family of politicians to no^^tice that even Brother Johnson has con^^tempt for the hypocrisy, falsehood and^trickery whioh characterise the passage^of the tariff bill that Grover Cleveland^did not sign. Among other things Mr.^Johnson said:
Everyman, woman and child uses^sugar. It is one of the prime necessities^of life, and there is not a housewife In^the land who will not feel that she is^robbed by our Democratic tariff reform^^ers when she finds that where she got^three pounds of sugar under the McKin^^ley bill, she now, under the Gorman^bill, for the same money, gets but two^pounds
Stateof Mind, Is^and a Protectionist.
SenatorCaffery of Louisiana Is in an^agony of mind. It goes without saying^that Senator Caffery of Louisiana* is a^Democrat Nobody could be elected a^senator from Louisiana unless he was a^Democrat Although the Republican^party protected the chief interests of^that state for a quarter of a oratory,^making its people wealthy and happy,^it has been unsafe for a white man to^be a H^^publican in Louisiana. Henoe it^goes without saying that Senator Caf^^fery is a Democrat
Buthe has reached a point whioh all^Democrats reach when they are com^^pelled to legislate upon the tariff^question. Every Democrat no matter^how ardent a free trader he is in theo^^ry, is a protectionist in principle when^the interests of his own slate or section^are affected by the proposed tariff legis^lation. Senator Caffery has uut been^long in pnblio life. He was appointed^a senator from Louisiana last year and^has not yet learned the triok which^most Democratic legislators have of^gracefully and pliantly transforming^himself from an ardent free trader in^theory to a vigorous protectionist in^fact when called upon to legislate for the^interests of his own state. He is doing^it but does it in such an awkward fash^^ion that he makes of himself a delight^^ful object lesson in showing the absurdi^^ty and insincerity of the Democratic^free trade theory when applied to indi^^viduals or individual interest*.
Discussingthe tariff bill in the tan-^ate the other day and fighting against^the proposition to remove the small sum^of one-eighth of a cent par pound from
iti^-6i* ^tue' -Titmtifr tfflfcVchT^he duty which th* trust controlled Mg^Z
suchrelief as congress can Vttle 10^^afforded at once,^ and ^I earnest to I^ommend the prompt repeal of theLivs-^visions of the act passed July 14, 1890,^authorizing^ the purchase of silver bul^^lion.
Inaccordance with this urgent rec^^ommendation of the president house^bill No. 1 was introduced to repeal the^purchasing olause of the act. Under the^whip and spur of party leadership it^was forced through the house and senate.^The Democratic party platform was ig^^nored, its sentiment suppressed and indi^^viduals coerced. ^Tariff reform^ was^given a back seat ^free coinage^ was^trambled under foot and the commands^of the party autocrat enforced. The re^^peal act was approved by the president^and becan ^) a law Nov. 1, 1898, and^congress adjourned
Bythe repeal of this act the coinage^of silver dollars ceases. Private owners^are not allowed to have them coined,^and the government cannot coin any^more without authority of law. Not^even the bullion in the treasury or the^seigniorage or profits on tno purchase^of silver can be used. It was in vain^the silver men in the house and senate^protested. Not a shred of legislation^could they met Instead of ^free silver^coinage^ the professedly silver party^has given the country ^no silver coin^^age^ of standard dollars. It may all be^right, but what a fix for Democrats 1
Andnow for results. Has financial^distrust and fear passed away^ Has the^drain of gold from the treasury ceased^^Has there been any improvement in the^past 10 mouths^ If not is H not be^^cause the president was mistaken and^some other cause produoed the evil^ Is^not the fear of Democratic misrule and^not silver purchasing the source of tho^trouble
INCREASEIN SALARIESOF DEMOCRATS
TheCrowning; Work of the Great Reform^Administration of President Cleveland.
Theminister to Belginm is increased^from $7,600 to $10,000 per annum, first^assistant secretary of state is increased^$1,000 per annum, secretary of the lega^^tion to Mexico is increased $850 per an^^num, minister to Switzerland increased^$1,500 per annum, contingent expenses^of foreign ministers increased $15,000,^two new secretaries of legations created^at $1,800 each, making a total increase^in the consular and diplomatic bill of^$6,478.
Theriver and harbor bill was in^^creased $11,478,000, the Indian bill^was Increased $1,476,000, the postoffice^bill was increased $8,282,000, the for^^tification bill $216,000, the total in^^crease of seven appropriation bills^amounting in all to $19,788,000.
Vhad put or.v-ajfJM^.Jr
mindand sentiment^aw a this small proportion of the duty^proposed should be taken from sugar,^the product of bis own state, he would^be compelled to desert the Democratic^party for the moment and vote against^its tariff bill Commenting upon the^dreadful prospect that he might be com^^pelled to desert the dear Democracy in^order to ret tin all the protection for the^sugar interest he wailed out the fol^^lowing as the closing sentences of his^speech: ^I, as a loyal Democrat want^to support loyally and honestly the bill.^What I have said in the senate in re^^gard to the step that I shall be forced to^take under certain circumstances has al^^most torn my heart out by the roots. I^have been absolutely agonized at the^contemplation of the dreadful responsi^^bility which I would incur by that step^But I have taken it deliberately. I have^taken it with a firm conviction that my^duty lay toward my state, and, Mr.^President if the dread alternative is^presentod to me I shall have to drink^the bitter cup.^
Whatthe People Want Is Employment end^a Revival of Uuslnoes.
Thepoliticians of the present day^may compare party principles and party^declarations to their own satisfaction,^but what the people of today are wait^^ing for is the better information gath^^ered from a comparison of the last with^the present administration.
WhenBenjamin Harrison was inau^^gurated March 4, 1889, the exports for^the fiscal year, whioh closed Jane 80,^showed an excess of exports over our im^^ports of $2,700,000, or, in other words,^the balance of trade for the years clos^^ing June 30, 1888 and 1889, was against^us to the amount of over $80,000,000.^When Mr. Harrison closed his first fis-^oal year, Juno 80, 1890, the balanoe of^trade had come back to the United^States, and our excess was $1,681,000,-^C00, so that in contrasting the foreign^trade nnder tho first year of Harrison's^administration with the first year of^Cleveland's administration we have an^enormous showing. The deficit of $80,-^000,000 of loss in Mr. Cleveland's two^years was wiped out and a surplus of^$1,640,000,000 was left to the credit of^Mr Harrison's administration in one
TomJohnson on Sugar.
TheHon. Thomas Johnson of Ohio is^an ardent Democrat and free trader of^the most pronounced type. It is hard^for some protectionists to believe that^anything good could come fmm one so^unbalanced in judgment as to proclaim^himself a free trader in a great country
QuestionsFor Democrats to Answer.
TheNew York Sun of Aug. 97 is ask^^ed the following:
Aman made $8,000 in the first half^of the year 1894 and spent it before the^new tariff bill became a law. He wants^to know if he shall be taxed for that in^1895.
Thenew tariff law will produoe a^lucrative business for customs attorneys
Ata convention in Wisconsin a few^weeks ago the party managers were^struggling to find a form of expression^suitable to be adopted as a Democratic^platform. Some one suggested that they^use the Chicago platform of 1899, as it^war 'ssrr as*^ Wad never been used