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Vol.1. No. 6.
HELENA,MONTANA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1894.
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MAINSTREET. COR. STATE.
HER CONGRESSMEN REVIEW THE^^SPLENDID NOTHING^ TARIFF.
Payne,Ray and Sherman Score the
ocratio Legislation A Surplus of Labor^M ust Result In Lower Wages^The Prices^of Farm Products Must Be Lower.
Theadvocates of the new tariff bill^have made two claims in its behalf.^They have asserted that it would great^^ly facilitate importations, and that this^would result in reducing the cost of^goods to the consumer. It does not re^^quire a prophetic eye to discern that^their claims are the strongest indict -^ments that can be brought against the^^splendid nothing.^ Here is the logio^in the case: The greater the importa^^tion, the leas the demand fur home prod^^ucts. The less the demand for goods pro^^duced at home, the smaller the amount^manufactured. The smaller the amount^manufactured, the fewer workingmen^required or the less the aggregate paid^by manufacturers.
Themore workingmen out of employ^^ment the harder the times, and the^harder the times the less money is cir^^culated. Therefore what will it profit^the man out of work in this country if^England and France and Germany are^the more prosperous by reason of in^^creased exportations, even if as the re^^sult there is a decrease in the coat of^goods at home
JamxbH. Sherman, M. C,^Twenty-fifth District, New York.
Itis difficult to forecast the farreaoh-^ing effects of the new tariff law. It is^certainly to be hoped that some of its^disastrous results have been discounted^in the past 18 months. Ever since Dem^^ocratic control of the senate as well as^of the house and the executive became^apparent the universal prosperity then^existing has given place to universal^disaster and distress such as no pen can^describe This was largely due to the^threatened assault upon American in^^dustries. Now that we can see the ex^^tent of those attacks under the new lrw^we may at least hope that for the next^18 months distress and disaster will not^be so universal
Underthe new law it is painfully^evident that wages in many branohes of^industry must be cut down from 10 to^50 per cent, while in other branohes the^franiers of the bill have blundered into^f*-- im^t^ti^i Thar, this Anr.Hnir rlot-pi^process will be attended with wide^^spread strikes is a matter of the most^serious apprehension. Strikes are disas^^trous though the striking workmen are^in the right They are doubly disastrous^when, as sometimes happens, the work^ingnian is in the wrong. There is^abundmt reason for tho fear thut Jpe^strikes in the ootton and pottery indus^^tries will be followed by still others.
Themischief of the reduotion in a^few industries is that wages will go^down in sympathy in other branohes of^labor.. . . I
Forexample, if wages are higher in^one industry, those following a less re^^munerative calling will offer their serv^^ices at a lower rate, and so the rates^reach a common level. Under the oensus^of 1890 the total wage earnings of our^people reach about $10,000,000,000 a^year. An average reduotion of 20 per^cent means a lose of fa,000,000,000 an^^nually.
Takinginto account the reductions^made in the last 18 months and the fur^^ther reductions manufacturers will be^compelled to make under the new bill,^20 per cent is a low estimate of the re^^duction of wage earnings sure to follow.^Such a reduction would take away one-^flfth of the consuming power of our^people, would destroy one-fifth of our^own markets and one-fifteenth of the^markets of the world We cannot esti^^mate the loss of our own markets under^this bill It has opened the door to for^^eign importations. Foreign goods will^orowd out the American from our own^markets. We cannot see the end, but of^one thing we may rest assured^pros^^perity will return again only through^Republican success and Republican leg^islation.Sereno E Payne.
Theeffect of the Gorman-Wilson bill^cannot be otherwise than injurious to^all industries in the United States un^^less it be that of sugar refining and^most harmful to all workingmen and^women and their families. The McKin-^ley bill aimed to proteot all our indus^^tries, including the agricultural inter^^ests, and all our laboring people. It so^operated and gave a new impetus to^manufacturing, increased the profits of^agriculture and gave employment to all^who desired it at good wages. The en^^tire country wan prosperous, and the^people generally were contented
TheGorman-Wilson bill puts at de^fiance all principles of tariff for revenue^only as well as the true principles of^protection. It throws wide open the^doors for foreign competition in most^directions, while it gives protection te^a few favored industries, and will in^^crease and intensify all the evils of^class and monopolistic legislation. It^is a shameful surrender to trusts and n^most shameful abandonment of the^rights and interests of the country as^a whola
Whenthis bill cornea into operation,^our markets will be flooded with for^^eign made articles, and our mills and
factorieswill be compelled to oloee or^reduce their output The effect will be^disaster to many of our producers and^great and lasting injury to the others.^The purchasing power of the people will^be largely diminished and in thousands^of instances destroyed We shall find^not two but three men seeking every^job of work instead of two jobs seeking^a workman, as was the oase under the^MoKinley bill prior to the incoming of^the present industry prostrating Demo^^cratic administration.
Therural districts are now overrun^with men tramping from place to place^seeking employment This evil will in^^crease, for bow oan we employ meu to^do work formerly done here, but here^^after to be done in Europe^ If there^shall be a greater agricultural produot^by reason of men docking to the farms,^the market price will fall and the farm^^er be injured, while the merchants and^workmen in the large towns will reap^no benefit for the purchasing power of^the farmers will be destroyed.
Salesof goods and of all manufactur^^ed articles will fall off, prioes must go^down, and the workingman out of em^^ployment will be unable to purchase at^all. It will be a cold day for this coun^^try when the president permits this bill^to become a law, while trade in Europe^will pick up. Her mills and factories^will increase their production; her ships^will find active employment, bringing^her products to our shores. Foreign^prospects are bright indeed, while the^olouds of despondency are gradually but^surely settling about the American^hearthstone
GeorgeW. Rat, M. li,
Twenty-sixthDistrict, New York
THECIRCULATION OF WAGE8.
LaborIs Punished to Reward Importer*^Who Paraded for Grover.
Theburden of free trade is already^upon us. How oan we lighten it^ The^rush of importers to secure their foreign^goods from the custom house at the low^^er rates of duty has told the story. Near^^ly 110,000,000 worth of foreign goods^withdrawn for consumption in leas than^a week means the sale of nearly $10,-^000,000 worth less of American goods^manufactured in American mills by^American wage earners. It means that^the distribution of more than $5,000,000^in American wages has been ohecked^within five days.
Ifthis curse continues, there oan be^but one result The foreigners de^^termined to have and to hold our mar^^kets. Shall we surrender them^ We do^not desire^no true American desires^^that American wage earners should be^compel led to sell their labor in open^competition with the cheaper labor oi^other countries. The workers in the cot^^ton mills of New Bedford, in the flax^mills of New York, in the potteries ol^Trenton, in the glass factories of the^west, have entered their protest against^a reduction of wages that has been forc^^ed upon them by Democracy.
Whatcan be done to lighten the bur^^den^ The manufacturers should not he^expected to pay higher wages than theii^foreign competitors and to sell theii^goods at the same prices. It has been^the decree of Democracy that American^manufacturers and American wage earn^^ers must be punished in order to re^^ward the New York city importers ol^foreign goods, who turned out with^such dignified grandeur in their parade^of 1892 to the honor and glory of Uro^^ver It is the duty of all true and pa^^triotic Americans to overthrow this for^^eign domination. Check the sale of^these foreign goods, oheck the stoppage^of our mills, check the cheapening ot^our labor by buying American goods^whenever and whenvnaT it is possible to^do so Let the people ask only fat^American products and insist upon get^^ting them.
Thatthe party which has been crying^most against combinations, which has^been shouting loudest against the evil^of aggregated capital, should deliberate^^ly confess that it will impose upon the^sountry a measure to benefit corpora^^tions at the expense of the people is a^j most extraordinary incident in the poli-^| tics and the morals of the times. For^many years the beet people of the coun^^try have said that this party was unfit^! for government Proof of the assertion^is found in the confession of the very^men who direct its policies and control^J its destinies. History gives no parallel^i to this amazing performance.^Balti^^more American.
FEARCANADIAN COMPETITION WILL^GLUT THE MARKET8.
GardenTrack, Hay and Sheep Mast Sell^For Lees Money a Lose Democratic Pol^^itician Who Still Clings to Grover^ Kv-^erythlns For the Trusts.
Ihave been spending my vacation in^^ little country town way down in^Maine. The old farmer with whom I^boarded was an active politician, and^he and I had many discussions. One^day I rode over with him to the country^store, a mile or two away, and while we^were there another farmer oanie in and^greeted my host with, ^Well Miller,^are they going to pass this tariff bill^
Idun no, ^ said Miller. ^Looks like^it
Wellsir,^ said the newcomer, ^if^they do, I've voted the Democratic tick^et for the last time.
Because,^ was the reply, ^if it passes^I'll have to sell my flock of sheep I've^been getting 28 and 80 oenta a pound^for wool, but if this bill passes I won't^get more'n 16 or 18 oenta, and I can't^afford to raise wool for that And that^ain't all.^ he went on. ^I can't get so^much for my produce if they let the^Canadians bring their stuff in here free^or at a lower duty than they pay now.
Doyon think that no duty or a low^^er duty on Canadian farm products^would affect you very much^'' I asked.
Well,I should think it would,^ was^the reply. ^Some things 'twon't inter^^fere with, but it will make a big differ^^ence in the price of my eggs and pota^^toes and turnips and hay and such stuff.^They ought to put up the duty on hay^if anything There's too muoh Canadian^hay comes in here now. And as for tur^^nips, yon see, St Andrew's down there,^just across the line, is a great place for^turnips, and if them turnips didn't^have to pay a duty it wouldn't pay me^to raise any.
Doyoc Bot a pretty good price for^your produce now^^ I asked
Well,^he said, ^there hasn't been^as good a market for them as usual the^last year, the times are so hard. A good^many mills have been shut down for a^longer or shorter time, and that's made^money pretty tight
Well,then,^ I said, ^you farmers^have as much to fear from the shutting
f7if 111! jilNMi alrjli Ijl lli
More.We couldn't sell anything if^the mills didn't run. Who'd we sell to^
That'sjust it^ I said ^You see,^you get just as much benefit from the^tariff on manufactures ss the manufac^^turer does. If there wern't any facto^^ries, you wouldn't have any market for^your produoe, so you profit by the tariff^on mru.ufrotures as well as by the tariff^on farm products. You need a tariff on^both to proteot you.
Well,that'sso,^ he replied, ^though^I hadn't thought of it before. I dunno^but I'll vote for protection anyhow,^even if they don't put wool on the free^Ust and make me sell my sheep
There'sno doubt that they'll make^Wool free,^ I said, ^though I didn't^know before that free wool would affect^Maine much. It is easy enough to see^the danger from the coming in of Ca^^nadian produce under a low duty, but^I didn't suppose they raised wool here.
Theydon't much, ^he said, ^though^I've got a small flock of sheep The^wool hasn't started on my sheep yet^this year, though, and my wife says it's^because I voted for Cleveland and free^wool.
Shouldn'twonder,^ I said
Ishould think those western fellers^who raise wool would kick more'n we^do, though,^ the old farmer continued
Iguess they do,^ I replied ^Pe^^titions against free wool have been^sent to congress from 86 states and ter^^ritories, but the people are not in it^with this congress The trusts have the^inside track with this administration.
Justhere there entered a man with^a Cleveland figure, who, I afterward^learned, was a Democratic politician of^local fame Catching my last words^this politician asked in loud, impressive^tones, ^What is the loss to a few thou^^sand woolgrowers compared to the gain^to 70,000,000 of oonsumers^
Ah,^I said,^but you must remem^^ber that those 70,000,000 consumers are^also producers. They produce the arti^^cles which the woolgrowers consume^The Ism-nth are mutual, and all have^employment and money with which to^buy the products o* *be others. To see^the effect as a whole you must apply^the same argument to everything. To^be consistent if not wise, you would^have to make everything free. Then all^your 70.000.000 consumers would soon^find that they are producers also For^^eign goods would take the place of^home products in our markets until our^people, thrown out of work by the rniii^of all our industries, would be toe puff^to buy even the products of European^labor.
We'renot talking about 'free every^^thing, ''' returned he of Cleveland stat^^ure. ^We don't want everything free,^so we don't have to apply it to every^^thing. We're talking about free wool
Pardonme,^ I said, ^for assuming^for a moment that the Democratic par^^ty had any use for the jewel of consist^^ency. There is chance for a whole^day's discussion in finding out what
Well,I'm for tariff reform and Gro^^ver Cleveland every time,'' said the pol^^itician as, pleading an engagemnent, he^hurried out
Tariffreform and Grover Cleveland^every time,^ I mused ^Never the na^^tion or the peopla^ And L too, went^out followed by the two farmers.
MR.VILAS AS A ^CUCKOO.
InHis Defrnse of the President He Sus^^tained His Reputation Most Admirably.
Horejoiced in the honor of Mr. Cleve^^land's friendship, and with pride es^^teemed it one of the greatest rewards^that ever came to a public man to be In^intimate association with that ^lofty^and distinguished man.^ Let us see In^what that loftiness consists. The presi^^dent wrote a private letter to Mr. Wil^^son, but gave his consent to have it^read to the house, thereby giving to It^the charaoter of a message to one branch^of congress severely criticising the other.^It was not only a very great breach of^courtesy, but a very unwise political^move. Anything very ^lofty^ In that^^Instead of standing as a peacemaker^and trying to secure mutual concessions^he urged Mr. Wilson to stand by bis^position in favor of free ooai, free iron,^free wool and otner raw materials, say^^ing, '' No tariff measure oan accord with^Democratic principles and promises or^bear a genuine Democratic badge that^does not provide for free raw mate^^rials, ^ thus flatly accusing the senate of^oeiug unfaithful to Democratic princi^^ples and promises, for the senate had^struck free coal, free iron, lead, eta,^from the house MIL Anything ^lofty*'^in that
Theinsinuations of the president tint
thesenate had placed the farmer's wool^on the free list and had protected the^^coal and iron of the corporations and^capitalists^ was a stinging rebuke and^an intimation that the senate had voted^from mercenary motives and not for the^good of their party or country. Any^^thing ^lofty^ in that
Thepresident has always contended^that our present protective law affords^no protection and that we derive no ben^^efit therefrom, and yet in this letter he^inadvertently admits that a tax on iron^and coal protects those industries and^that a tariff on wool protects the farm^^er. If this be ^lofty,^ it certainly lacks^the merit of consistency
Thepresent business denroasJoav t^-^^wrnoily one Ul in I*HBWctuo
fortto usher in free trade, and yet in^this letter Mr. Cleveland has the su^^preme effrontery to tell our laborers and^artisans that to take their work away^and transfer it to the laborers and arti^^sans of Europe would be to ^insure^them better and surer compensation.
Ifthere is any loftiness in this, it la^oertaiuly only discernible to the anoint^^ed and inspired ^cuckoo.
Gorman'sand Hill's Triumph.
Thereare two Democrats who oan ex^^tract exceptional pleasure from this^transaction that seals the doom of the^Cleveland and free trade Democracy.^One of them is. Arthur Pue Gorman of^Maryland, and the other is David Ben^^nett Hill of New York. They have the^satisfaction of knowing that they have^made their enemy in the White House^their bondsman and forced him to do^their bidding. ^New York Advertiser.
NoCause For Offense.
Thereis no reason why Mr. Cleveland^should be offended at Senator Gorman's^wily tactics as a manager. Those tactics^are the same that the Maryland leader^employed in helping to make Mr. Cleve^^land president ^New York Press.
CladIn Perfidy and Dishonor.
DosmWith the Trusts!
TheUornian tariff bill is the law of^the land. Let it be enforced It will be^remembered that immediately prior to^its passage in the senate Senator Mor^^gan introduced a series of resolutions^determining the illegality of every com^^bination, conspiracy, trust agreement^or contract between two or more per^^sons that would restrain lawful trade or^tree competition or increase the price of^any marketable commodity. The penal^^ty is fixed at a fine ranging from $100^to $5,000 and imprisonment for a term^varying from three to twelve months.^The attorney general is directed to in^^stitute proceedings through the several^district attorneys of the United States.^Let him tiegin. Let him begin with the^Sugar trust Let him follow this up^With the Whisky trust