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THECOLORED CITIZEN, NOVEMBER
THRroi.oUKU C1TIXKN ItTMJUHIMri (XX^EDITOR *nd MGR.
J.P. BALL. JR.
IIfKCK I i
thepeople of Montana ami the whole^fountry tor the past few weeks, the^members of the Helena capital com^^mittee will ever deserve ami rightly^hold a very high place in the esteem,^admiration and love of their fellow^citizens whom they so faithfully,^consc entiously and patrioticly served.
\lVI \ STHKKT.
Advertisingrate* furnUhad oa ayasieslloa.
Ilrs IIKI.I' KAl'H OTHKR.
IK I! MS
SixMonth- 1 no
Kiitercilas'sccond i la-s matter September^I. MM, il tin Helm.i. Montana. I'ost Office,
HELENA,MONT., NOV. 1H!^4.
Till'.KIWI, HULL CALL.
Thecapital contest has now reached^a point where men must put them^^selves on record pro or con. Argu^^ment has been exhausted and hoodie^expended. The former most admira^^bly in favor of Helena, and the latter^most lavishly for Anaconda. The^point to be decided by the people of^Montana is which is more potent and^effective, food sound argument^backed up with facts and figures and^uncontradicted by the Anaconda^management, or a lavish use of cor^^poration boodle distributed per capita,^where it would do the most (food,^anion;,' people presumably purchasa^^ble. This proposition is to be decided^affirmatively or negatively by the^commonwealth of Montana through^the ballots cast by its citizens on the^^ith of November. Whether they shali^go on record for all time as a com^^munity of men good and true who^hold the fair and untarnished name^and reputation of their state in that^exalted sphere becoming freeman^brave, sturdy and patriotic, or wheth^^er as vassals and corporation slaves^they shall allow the spotless habili^^ments of their youthful and fair state-^to be bedraggled in the odium of pub^^lic condemnation, will be determined^by the vote cast and declared at the^approaching election. If as men un^^fettered and chivalrous our citizens^go forth and battle to its death the^Anaconda Copper company and its^nefarious designs upon the future^welfare welfare of the state and the^people thereof, then all shall be well,^and the warm sunshine of public ap^^proval shall smile benignly and con^^tinuously upon a free, happy and^prosperous people, with a future full^of good in store. Hut if, on the con^^trary, bribery, debauchery and cor^^ruption have comnietelv enervated^or destroyed the manhood of a major^^ity of the citizens of this state and^shall render them impotent to do^their duts and to battle for home,^lireside, state and all, then, indeed,^has a most deplorable crisis arisen In^the history of this state. Hut right^and justice shall rise supreme, and^the recorded vote of its brave and^devoted citizens shall proclaim to the^woild wide over that no combine, no^matter how powerful or wealthy,^shall be able to purchase the freedom,^liberty, self-respect and self-control^of the affairs of the people of Mon-^tona.
Thecolored people of this state,^ere this, have become convinced that^the efforts of designing men to arouse^their prejudices against Helena with^a view to obtaining their votes for^Anaconda, are made with the sole ob^^ject to use them as catspaws to rake^chestnuts out of the lire for the Ana^^conda Copper company. That that^company has no love for the colored^man is demonstrated by the undenia^^ble fact that not a solitary colored^man is in the employ of said com^^pany. These matters should be care-^fvlly looked into, and instead of aid^^ing enemies let our people throw^their votes to build up and assist their^own people. There are live hundred^colored citizens in Helena who are in^need of every vote that can be had to^protect their interests, so let a solid^colored vote be given for Helena in^an effort to promote the Interests of^their colored brethren here.
Theend of the capital contest is at^hand. Soon the result shall be known,^and the concentration of energy so^lonir and steadfastly bent towards^securing the coveted prize shall be^diverted to other and new channels.^The citizens of this citv and state^fully realize and appreciate the her^^culean task that has confronted the^fapital committee from its inception.^They have battled manfully against^decided odds from the very outset,^and so well and satisfactorily have^they performed the duty intrusted to^them that none be there who feel that^they could have done better. The^Multiplicity of annoving and compli^^cating featttresth.it have, hydra-like,^presented themselves at every turn^would rei|iiiri .^ mammoth volume to^unfold. All of these obstacles, some^^times seemingly uusurmountable,have^been grappled and handled in a^masterly manner by the urbane,^serene and untiring chairman, secre^^tary, members, attaches and a^ ^^tants of the capital committee. Our^citiaeaaowe to this committee a debt^of obligation that cannot l^e paid save^by tleep and manifested gratitude.^True, the members ask not such, yet^it is due and should be shown in no^uncertain way We believe the ear^^nest, devoted, systematic and able^campaign made b) the capital com^^mittee will secure and vouchsafe to^the citizens of Helena the permanent^seat of government We affirm that^without the heroic efforts put forth^by the committee, inevitable defeat^would have starred us in the face^from the start. No matter what may^l^e the final outcome of the tierce and^unceasing capital contest that has^absorbed the undivided attention of
nunto mi: hkmii.
Letall good citizens, irrespective^of party, look well to the interests of^their state and the nation at large.^The people are tired of democracy^and fearful of populism. The times^are hard, but they may become worse^if the people continue to gamble on^unreliable parties. The party that^gave prosperity and plenty till the^people overthrew it in 'U2 is the only^one that merits the confidence of this^nation. The republican party is^tried and true and the people know^it, for it has been demonstrated in^the past. Now is the accepted time^to again Mock t:^ the protecting arms^and receive new life and renewed^prosperity. Without price or money^the boon is offered. Come, therefore,^all ye that labor and are heavy laden^and obtain relief and rest by restor^^ing republicanism.
Asthe campaign closes the more^apparent become the signs that the^republicans will score an overwhelm^^ing victory in this county as well as in^the state and throughout the whole^country. The prevailing conditions^are condusive to this result. Kyery-^where demoralization exists among^the democrats. They themselves are^lleeing from their own party in the^effort to better the depressed business^interests of the country. With de^^mocracy panic stricken, and populism^derided, there is only one haven for^the people to seek in this their hour^of distress, and on that party-the^the republican -all hope is now cen^^tered. Let the people come to their^own rescue: their salvation lies in^their own hands, and the grand old^party of good, stable government^beckens them a hearty and cordial^welcome.
politicalpoiytkhs for '91.
Uepublicanseverywhere are feeling^very comfortable. So far this year^they have recorded the following^pluralities in the credit column:
llhodeIsland, i^,iV^ majority.
Allof the above show large repub^lican gains over former years. Verily^this is republican year.
IIIIIVK^Mi Mill! I I.KAIIKRS.
Thel publican campaign of this^county has been conducted with^marked ability by those in charge^thereof. Never before, probably,^have so many obstacles presented^themselves, yet, notwithstanding all^such barriers which at times have^appeared almost unsurmottntahle^the nervy and patriotic managers^have stood at the helm and steered^the ship clear of threatened breakers.^Thev have stood the storms and the^fury of the wind and waves, and often^public criticism, in a fearless and^dauntless manner, and as they now^see a safe harbor ahead, great must^be their joy and satisfaction. Yes.^all hail to our brave and ooble lead^^ers.
Thesecond number of the Helena^Clock has been received. The facile^pen, fertile brain and clean-cut die^tion of its able and accomplished^editor. James H. Walker, will make it^an assured success, which it justly^merits.
IETRIKIl I'll WORK mm HI UN
WantsBoodle from Both Helena and^Anaconda.
Thecolored citizens of the state^will not forget their duty to their five^hundred colored brethren in Helena^Let them cast a solid vote for Helena^for the capital.
TheRev. Charles Cushingberry. of^Butte, has won an unenviable repu^^tation in the present capital contest,^and it is not to be wondered at that^Hishop Handy has removed him from^this state and transferred him to the^Iftrj land conference. Rev. Cushing^^berry is not a one sided man by any^means, neither is he incapable of^handling both sides of a case at one^and the same time. In the early part^of September last he was an ardent^supporter of Helena for the capital,^and to emphasize his loyalty thereto,^addressed a letter to the Coloukd^Citizkn embodying his views on the^ubject and winding up by saying:
Soushall have mv hearty co^^operation. I say Helena for the capi^^tal.^ However, about the middle of^September, or thereabouts, he expe^^rienced a change of heart, sentiment^and so on. and addressed himself again^to the public in I letter to the^Standard, declaring for Anaconda^for the capital, and winding up by^saying in reference to his prior sup^^port of Helena: ^And had nothing^occurred since to change my views,^I would still hold to the same.'* Had^the Hev. Cushingberry stopped right^here and looked zealously after the^interests of his second 1 Anaconda |^love his friends possibly would have^been able to reconcile his change of^front with an earnest endeavor on his^part to fulfill the duties of a ('hristian^gentleman halted between two opin^^ions. Hut ilid he do so^ With his^conscience pricking him as he tossed^on his lonely couch night after night,^he bethough a Samaritan act and^decideil to draw to his hand and divide^the rake-off with his first love, Helena.^At first he hesitated: but had he not^a christian duty to perform^ Were^not evil men conjuring up. writing^and stacking skvhigh naughty letters^about Helena and hei good reputa^^tion^ How could he as a guardian^angel over the welfare of a people^permit such wrongs to be consumma^^ted^ No! He would do his duty^though Anaconda lose the capital !^Thus goaded by conscience and im^^pelled by stern duty, the Hev. Cush^^ingberry penned to a Helena friend^the following letter:
cishin'kukkky's lkttkr. ask iXI i
Buttk,Sept. 2fi, 1S!^4.
DearSir,^I learn through Mr. ^-^that you wish to communicate with^me in regard to some letters that are^to be published in the Standard con^^cerning the treatment and discrimi^^nation aga'nst the colored people of^Helena. Now, as I am in a position^to know that these letters will not^oniy influence the people of Hutte^against Helena, but will have a de^^cided bearing on the outside towns, as^I am personally acquainted with the^parties that are gathering up all the^statistics with reference to this^matter of discrimination, etc., I say-^to you confidentially t lat it can be^suppressed or stopped with a little^money to do it. I will assure you
thatthrough Mr.and myself we
willhave them stopped, as Mr.
seemsto be working hard for Helena^and he has got a hard pull here.^Now, it may take $200 and it may^take more, l'lease answer at once,^as I know that one of these letters^will be published this week by a^learned colored man of our race.^Yours very respectfully,^Rkv. Chari.ks ^ 'UMUMOMMY,
Theabove letter, carefully penned,^securely sealed and safely mailed, the^Rev. Cushingberry patiently awaited^the coming of his $200 retainer from^his Helena clients, all the while^chuckling over the snap of being feed^by both sides of the capital case.^Hut. the letter he looked^In never came. His hopes^had been blasted. Revenged he would^be! So his ingenious brain was again^set to work, and he himself, with his^own facile pen, would daub Helena so^smuttv that the people of the state^would turn away in disgust. But alas!^in his eagerness, he overdid the thing^and draws on ^hearsays'^ that are^supposed to have existed or occurred^nearly thirty years ago, or didn't ex^^ist at a!l. The following is his kick^^back as it appeared in the Anaconda^Standard of October 28 last, and is^well worth perusal:
a STKONli i.kttkk KKOM thk rkv.
DBAS.LITNUMMMMT OV Bl'TTK.^Anaconda Standard October
Afew reasons why the people of^Helena make such a bold out-and-out^discrimination against the negro of^that town and the negro at large:
FirstHelena was settled or organ^^ized by people from points'.in the south^in 186;;. They brought negro servants^with them, and therefore the whites^to a very large degree, have that old^slave idea The whites have engen^^dered In their children's mind that^the negro has no rights that a white^man is l^ounU to respect. They started
inwith the -ame idea that th^- south^^erners had in South Carolina, Georgia^and other southern.states, *ith sepa^^rate school systems. A negro child^could not go to a white school in Hel^^ena only .within a few years. They^had an old log cabin for negro chil^^dren that was not tit for at; animal to^be]educated in.
SecondIt is only due to John Ma-^guire, the manager of the opera^house, that the negros of Helena are^allowed to buy.tickets in any part of^the opera house. They used to]be re^^stricted to. a certain, part of the^house. It mattered not how much^money they had or how cultured,^they were/all put in one corner, same^as the Jim-Crow car law is to-day in^Tennessee and Texas, and when any^town makes such an i nf amousrequire^^ment as that, we want to see that she^is defeated. And we can say without^any reservation that there is not any^first-class hotel in Helena that will^allow a negro to eat or sleep It will^ask him just as he puts his head in^the door what he wants.
Rev.James Hubbard of the Kansas^conference, who organized the St.^.lames A. M. K. church in Helena,^said that when he went there it was^impossible for him to get a place to^stop at. We know public places have^certain public rights for the good of^the general public; the right of dis^^crimination between the clean and^the unclean, the bad and the good.^There are whites who require soap^and water just the same as the negro.^Common sense teaches us that the^happiness of one race should not be^infringed on because of the prejudice^of the other. How can men fight for^a country wiiose flag means not free^^dom for them^ We want a land of^the free and the home of the brave.^The Capital restaurant of Helena re^fused to serve on Sunday night, Sept.^2.^, a colored gentleman of culture^and prominence, W. W. Kaston. Jas,.^Crump, one of the oldest citizens of^Helena, was refused and is refuse/1^to-day a drink in any of the tirst-clajss^saloons. There was a time that a^negro had to get off the sidewalk^when he saw a white lady conning.^Really a negro is expected to walk in^the middle of the street. The Helena^whites are a milk and water aristoc^^racy that hate a negro. / The negroes^of this state are not askHng to be rec^^ognized in society. They don't want^to visit white familieji and so on, but^what they want is a fair show the^same as the white man. We want to^be treated as American citizens,^(iive us the privilege to go anywhere^as lojig as We are law-abiding and^able to pay our way fron* a business^standpoint. I do really think, Mr.^F.ditor, that the negroes would be^fools if they voted for a place where^prejudice is so old as it is in Helena:^and I say let the whites of Helena^conquer their prejudices. Let them^cultivate kindness and humanity. I^say put away your race prejudice and^your town will stand and flourish for^^ever. Last, but not least: the annual^conference of the A. M. i'.. church,^which recently convened in that citv,^and which is by far the strongest^negro organization in America, was^not invited to till the various pulpits^of the white churches of that doomed^place, save in two instances, and^these were little mission churches.^This, Mr. Editor, is a step farther^than the southern democracy of^Georgia goes. All over the south^^land our cultured men, on occasions^of this kind, fill acceptably the pul^^pits of cultured white congregations.^This, thrust into our face right in the^midst of the tight, is gall beyond de^^scription.
Coloredmen of Montana, vote for^the capital to go to a place where^you will be treated as American citi^^zens and in defense of ideas for which^vou have spilt your blood on many^battle fields.
Rkv.chari.ks CUNUMMMMT.^Hutte, Oct. tk
IMmilliAL cp10rts FUR III 11 \ 1
Killfltt. POIND HMILISH WW-
,,,pulistsappeal to W^overturn the existing governmento.^nation, state and county upon the plea^that they alone are real reformers,^earnest in their aim to secure econom^^ical government. I^ effect they say.^live ns the offices, and we will run^them for half or less than half that^you pay in salaries now ^ Tins sort^of appeal is captivating and success^^ful orlv with that short-sightrd class^ot persons who believe that they can^getsotiK'hingfor nothing, that work^half done is as good M ^wlj well^done: that if vou save at the spigot^you may lose at the bung; that if vou^take care of the pennies the pounds^will take care of themselves.
Howfallacious is the plea of the^populists that they are real econo^^mist imn readily be shown bv an ex^^amination of some of their proposed^financial legislation. Following is a^summary of some of the appropria^^tion bllIs introduced in the last con^^gress by populists. The number of^the bill, the name of the member in^^troducing it, a brief summary of the^title and the amount appropriated^are stated in schedule form:
thatno monopoly can^Make it clear that a^cannot buy the
I'robablythe details will never be^generally known, nor will the record^reveal the numerous noble and self-^sacrificing individual efforts made by^some of our citizens in behalf of Hel^^ena for the capital. These citizens^have worked unceasingly la person^and through friends in various parts^of the state for their city^they have^used their time and money to further^the interests of their home city, and^let it be said to their credit that such^endeavors have done much towards^crystalizing the favorable sentiment^that for weeks has been flowing Hel-^naward. It is conceded that every^Cltlaen's duty is to work for his city^and lend all the assistance possible to^the capital committee, and be it said^to the lasting credit of Helena that a^more earnest, devoted and true set^of men and women can be found no^^where in our Union. AH have worked^with vim and zeal as much to save^the fair name of the state now In^jeopardy as to protect their homes^and business interests. Such unity of^action and devotion of purpose shall^surety be rewarded by a kind Provi^^dence, and ere long the people of Hel^^ena shall rejoice and be exceeding^glad.
S.I.HW ilVfferi. treasury notes to
beloaned In states, counties.
S.IJSJU i I'effet ^', public WMipsrS
H.H. Will i Davisi. prohibiting I'
S.boa*S anil issuing currency.
ii.u. i t* i Darts ^, rsitsl ol cr^^ista SMrtfac* oabtow
h.r. ti.Trt* iDarU). catsblUfclaii^Industrial army of MV.UM men
S.M il'effet i. bureau of loan- to^issue treasury notes on certain^agricultural and niioiulaitiii^ed artieles
S.(Nw il'efferi. call Isolds and i^-
mss^declaratory legal tender
S.Mi (l'elferi. issue and reissue
ofctrcalattof Iraaaary notes^S. il'efferi. silver purcha-e
andissue of treasury notes to
eighttimes value of bullion
S.l.ttMl il'efferi. cmplojrattat of
s.:tJR tPefferi, increase circulat^^ing medium
S.I,Htm il'efferi. immediate relief
S.1.;^C 11'effei '. subtle Improve
H.K. TJHS iltakeri. government
hankingand public buildings...^II. K. I.IMI iHudsoni, to take up.ill
certificatesof indebtedness of
17,S. of all kinds 2
Thebest authorities estimate that^the total present money of the world,^paper, gold, silver, brass and Iron^tokens, used by all nations in Kurope,^Asia, Africa, Australia and America,^does not exceed $l(),IOO,(XMi,ooo. Vet^here are the populist leaders of this^nation proposing to issue nearly ten^times that amount for use in the^I'nited States alone!
Theamount given above does not^take into account the salaries of the^armies and the hosts of officers who^would be called into existence to ad^minister the complicated systems of^bureaux proposed. As an instance of^how many such officers there would^be one bill may be cited: Baker's, II^R. 7,.}^0, creating a banking system^This provides for twelve bankers gen^erals at the head of the system, at^$10,0^K) a year for twelve years, with a^life pension of $.^^,000 a year
Inplain Knglish. if the populist^party had been In control of the last^congress they would have appropri^ated enough money to have bank^^rupted the entire w .rld nine times^over. How can any intelligent man^who examines the populist record be^deceived by their prate of ^reform^and ^economy.^ when their ablest^and most representative men have^convicted themselves of the wildest^and most insane extravagance, of^penny wisdom and pound foolishness
^*^here^million do!lir!(^vote or control the^election ot Montana. By the hero^patriotism of your action r^Tf^everywhere the fact that this i^ lh^Switzerland of America, the beaJJ^an exalted spirit of liberty. i'|,e'^the young will seek our towns aid^pour their energies into our ^^life. Then the laborer, oppressed I,^eastern corporations, will i^alte 'y^home on our free soil, where be m ^^raise his chi Idren free front thebllfk!^of trusts and the tyranny of the lios^As American citizens, proud of a*^blood bought institution of freedom^let us vote that our children wil|(J^proud of our action. Let vm so votr^that the star* and stripes will i^raised a little higher rather th;in^trailed in the dust. Let us keep tin.^American eagle free from the COMaj^age cunningly prepared for it. vve^may well awake to the danger a-ftlcs^will befall us If our legislature he-^omes the vassal of this gigantic^corporation; a tenant upon its ground^and a boarder at its table. We shall^lo well to realize beforehand the di^.-^grace which will cover us throughout^the nation if we allow these method*^of corruption to succeed am|^the dictation of ;i m;im^moth monopoly to go unre-^buked. Let us also remember that^the larger the Majority against this^dark design, the safer will he our^common laborers and the larger the^prosperity of the region With these^great facts in mind, let us make next^Tuesday the red letter da\ in nur^state calendar, which our children^will celebrate as the anniversary of^the independence of our common^^wealth from the hateful despotism of^money in politics. The people have^made the light their own. and a care^^ful canvass of the state just com.^pleted by the committee, demon^^strates the hopelessness of the Ana^^conda cause in opposition to the voice^of the unpurchased at.d unpurclu^a-^ble voters of Montana Our canvass^shovs that Anaconda will certainly^be defeated by a substantial major^^ity, anil we confidently appeal toeverv^patriotic citizen of the state to join^in an earnest, honest and determined^effort to enlarge the majority and to^preserve the state for the people hy^relieving it from threatened corpora^^tion rule.
Hki.knaCapital Committkk^Helena. Nov. 1, IfaH
lllllltLSSill THE VIITKRS.
Onnext Tuesday, we are by our^votes to locate permanently the capi^tal of our beloved state, which is to^grow into a commonwealth as great^in population, wealth and political^importance as it is vast in territory^The convenience, prosperity and lib^erty of untold thousands are centered^in our ballote. These ballots are ours^upon condition that we cast them in^the spirit of independence for the^good of all, both present and future^Let us reflect seriously upon the mag^nitude of the interests now in our^hands. With neither passion nor^prejudice, but with charity for all^let us obey the dictates of reason and^conscience. In sincerity of purpose^and soberness of mind, let us put a^patriotic conviction into our vote.and^make it tell, to-day and forever, for^the protection of labor and the puritv^of the franchise.
Itis in our power to rebuke cor^^ruption and rescue our state from^impending disgrace. It is our high^privilege to strike down the enemies^of political freedom and break the^chains in readiness for the Goddesa^of Liberty. It is our solemn duty to^light the fires of patriotism upon the^mountain tops and proclaim to all the^world that this is a land of freedom.^Send ont the cheering declaration
TheCoLokkh Citizkn has received^a most cordial reception from the^good citizens of-Helena and the state^of Montana. The venture was a nov^^elty in this section, but it has been a^success. Hvery people should have a^newspaper, and none stand more in^need thereof than CtUrnt Am*ri^m. H^the effort in behalf of Helena for the^capital^for the supremacy of good^citizens over the corrupting in-^tlunence of corporations^for the^betterment of the colored citi^^zens of this state and their elevation^in the public estimation, then thk^Colorki) Citizkn feels that a good^work has been accomplished To^those who have given assistance, en^^couragement and advice sincere^thanks are hereby extended.
rniiiKiiiruizim sum) nun:
Thereare certain colored men-^and some of them are iUrepataSSI^and unworthy of respect^who are^trying to induce colored cltlteaeU^vote against Helena. Thev ^ ai^forth no argument therefor, and con-^seuuently they harp on the prejudice^string. We hope the thinking por^^tion of our people will not be let!^astray by any such nonsense. There^is no more prejudice against our peo^^ple in Helena than elsewhere. The^fact is that the o00 colored citizens^of this city are more prosperous and^own more real estate and are engaged^more extensively in business than ^^most cities of this size. Therefore^let our people be not hoodwinked ^^'^paid boosters whose business il Mt0^go hither and thither sowing the seed^of discord by lying about the exist^^ence of race prejudice in Helena^men and repel all such advances,^your duty and vote for Helena, there^^by helping to make more prosperous^its vxi colored citizens.
.11Hi,I U. H. HIM.
Thecitizens of Lewis and Clar*^county will take especial pride ^*^rolling up a large majority for their^favorite son, the Hon. Willi.im jl^Hunt, candidate for associate justn-'^of the supreme court. Politics sbSU*^^cut no figure in the matter, and even^voter in the county should cast either^a party or complimentary vote for^our distinguished, learned ami worthy^fellow citizen, whom the recent state^convention unanimously selected a*^its choice for the highest jmli- '1'^office in the state.