Newspaper Page Text
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Vol.VIII. Xo. 34.
LEWISTOWN,FERGUS COUNTY, MONT., THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1891.
REPUBLICANIN POLITICS, AND DEVOTED TO THE MINERAL, AGRICULTURAL, STOCK AND WOOL INTERESTS OF THE GREAT JUDITH COUNTRY.
ifcvoe (Cmtntu Ar^no
JOHNM. VROOMAN. ! Editef I Proprietor.
Enteredat Le^istown P Oat second class matter
TERMSOF SUBSCRIPTION :
(Ifpaid in advance.)
On*year ~ ^^^
Ihree months. 1.00
si*uiunthami ii 2.00
1 nch, one insertion1.00
1 ^moutbm.-- 8.00
1 ^^ six ^^ _1^.00
1 ^ one rear 24.00
.Specialrate* gireu on large space and standing^a iTenineiueuta.
l.ocalnotice, i cents per line,
specialadvertisements payable strictly in ad-
iMivernorJoseph K.Toole, Helena
Lieut,tiovernurJohn E. Klckards, isiitte
Memberol Congress, T. H. t'arter. Helena
secretaryLouis Kotwitt, Helena
auditorK. A. Kenney, Helena
Att'yGeneral,...Henri J. Hsskell, tdendive
hiefJustice .Supreme Court
HenryN. Hlake. Helena^.^.associate Justices^duprcine Court^lent .Sup. Court, W. J. Kennedy, Helena^S iperiiit. niieul Public Instruction
John Gannon, Helena
V.s. MarshalWin. F. Furay, Butte
RegisterV. S. Land Office^'. A. Burg
Bceiver V. B. Laml officeQ. W.Cook
.SurveyorUeneral^Jw^. 1^. Katon
II.8. Aitortiev^^ P. Weed
T.C. POWEE ^ EB0;
(K.N. Harwood^1 W. H. PeWitt
IE,\V. Baylies, I'bet^John K. Harrows^Representatives| John 1^. Waite
Treasurer'.!!Frank K. Wright
Clerkand RecorderWilliam H. Kelly
Judgeloth Hist. CourtDudley Dubose
ClerkDial. Court1^ A. Meagher
CountyAttorneyFrank E Smith
Assessor''^ 'V. Lldridge
CoronerDr. W. T. Hanson
Supt.ofSchoolsMiss Fannie t orbit.
lohnW. I'.eck. ChairmanLewistown
Jdin McCotirt^^^^\ ,e'
Countytb'.wniissioiiers meet First Mo.i-^^^y ,,, March, J'u.vr. September and I)e-
TMDistrict Court for Ferg-Jis County^,-ets second week in March, hrst M*Jill^May, Htlini week in August and thir..'^,veek in November.
KeepsConstantly on Hand a Complete Assortment of
NEWANNI) FRESH (iOODS OF BEST QUALITY. CALL^AND EXAMINE OCT!
Groceriesand Dry Goods.
Hardware,Stoves and Ammunition,
Wooden and ^Willow Ware,
Furniture,Sprinjj feferttrecMBea, Wool
FenceWire, Heavy Wagons, Road^Buggies, Iron Pumps and Wind
E.W. MORRISON,^Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
Will Practice In all Courts.
Qmwmm f^I Third Ave. and Janeaux St.
LEWISTOWN,MONTANA.^Olllce In Bank MMV
Carelulattention to practice in all the^Courttt. Conveyancing and collections
BI'ILDINO PAPER, DOORS. WINDOW am. NAILS. PAINTS, OILS,^AND CLASS, BLANK HOOKS, INKS AND STATIONERY, TRl'NKS^AND VALU ES, ^ELAINE^ COAL OIL, ROCK SALT,^STOCK SALT.
Infact we have neatly every thing that goes to make up your daily^wants, on which we name BOTTOM PRICES.
-r.8. l-aiid Office Plats of all surveyed lands^i. tlie Judith Basin, with austracta of all lilinga^^nade. corrected weklT.
Justiceof the Peace.
Collectionsa Specialty^me will re
Allbusineas entrusted to^receive prompt attention.
OFFick.M/j^oonB's IMJOM, Kt.vRoK Hank,^LEWISTOWN. MOVTAXA.
DR.W. F. HANSON,
LEWI STOW N, M ONTA N A.
Extracting,Filling and Artilicial Teeth.
Theall steel Aerniotor is far st^/^erior to the old style^wooden Wind Mills for Pumping, Irrigating, Grinding, Ac.^Write or call for circular.
Weare agents for the best^ments in the Basin. Also,
lineof Agricultural iniple-
|j]. ^GKarter Oak Stoves, Barbed^j Wire, Pumps, Tinware,^^^c, ^c
SpecialAttention Given to Repair^^ing and Manufacturing Tin, Sheet^Iron and Zinc.
mM^Y A HARDWARE STORE FOR HARDWARE.
OLIVERJUTRAS ^ HOBENSACK,
TinShop Sign, East of Bridge.
MA Nt'FAl TUKEKS OS*
Officetill second th.or ^f RMM^block, Main Street.
FireInsnrance and School^Furnishing Agent.
LEWISTOWN, - - MONTANA.
CompleteLine of Fall^Samples.
Cor.of Main Street and Fifth Ave.
pay-CanFurnish Dressed Finishing Lumber, and Dressed and^Matched Flooring on Short Notice.
MILLOn Middle Fork of Beaver Creek, 5 Miles South of Barr Smith's Ranch
IFrom Our Regular Correspondent.]
Washington,Mch. 13, 1891.
Thepresident is expected to return to the^White House to-morrow, and although it^has been given out semiofficially that he^might conclude to postpone the appoint^^ment of the nine circuit court judges until^next December, I have good reasons for be^^lieving that he will do no such thing. A^gentleman, whose name would carry con^^viction were I at liberty to use it, said in^my bearing that he expected to see every^one of these appointments made before Mr.^Harrison started on his proposed trip to^the Pacific coast via the south, which indi^^cates that the next two or three weeks^would settle the matter, for thaugh no^date has actually been set for the trip, it is^generally understood that the party, which^will include the ladies of the White House^and a majority of the cabinet officers and^their wives, will leave Washington early in^April.
Ifwhat a l^emorratic senator said to me^to-day is based upon the truth, and he^thinks it is, there are squally times ahead^for that party unless Cleveland and Hill^will agree to abandon their claims to the^Democratic nomination, which is not very^probable. ^The publication of theWatter-^son letter to Hill,^ said the senator,^ which,^by the way, f happen to know was never^mailed to Hill, was the first move toward^carrying out a plan to kill off both Hill and^Cleveland as candidates before the next^Democratic national convention, which is^the result of a combine, offensive and de^^fensive, that Senator Carlisle and Inter^^state Commerce Commissioner William R.^Morrison have formed for the nomination^of themselves for president and vice presi^^dent (the head of the ticket to go to the^one t hat develops the greatest strength in^the convention), upon a platform of free^mImbsjb and free trade, the idea being to^combine the west and south against the^east. And the same combination will bs a^factor in the speakership contest, but I^don't think it has been fully determined^which of the candidates will be benefited, if^its support turns tint to be a benefit. Mills^swears by I 'leveland and is csuntiug upon^^ 'levelaml to help hiui. so that it is prob^^able that Crisp or a western man will be^favored by the combine, which, accortling^to BBV* information, is daily growing in^strength.^ Certain things, unimportant in^themselves, have occurred here recently^which add to the plausibility of a combi^^nation between Carlisle and Morrison, both^of whom are known to have presidential^aspirations, but whether they can com^^mand enough strength in their party to^overthrow Cleveland and Hill is a horse of^tpiite another color.
Thishas been a proud week for Secretary^Blaine. First, the Brazilian mails brought^to the state department copies of the offi^^cial proclamation of the president of Brazil^promulgating the reciprocity treaty with^the Cnited States and authorizing the free^entr'- ^f all goods mentioned therein on and^after April 1. Of course this was not news^to Mr. I sla inc, but nothing short of the offi^^cial dotuments would convince the ^doubt^^ing Thomases,^ who busied themselves in^circulating rumors of the rejection of tbe^' ceatv by the Brazilian government, and^others tpiite as senseless. But the tnost^important event, an event which places Mr.^Blaine among the foremost masters of dip^^lomacy, was the receipt of a dispatch from^Lord Salisbury, the head of the British for^^eign office, agreeing on the part of his gov^^ernment to accept Mr. Blaine's proposition^to submit the questions in dispute between^tbe two governments relating to Behring^seato arbitration. This is agreattriumph,^aud what is the muBt pleasing thing about^it, it was accomplished by a dignified state^^ment of our claims, without the least^shadow of bluster. As secretary of state^Mr. Blaine has delighted his friends and con^^founded his enemies, and now we shall hear^no more of his trying to get this country^into a war with Kngland.
F.x-RepresentativeCannon is preparing a^statement showing the senselessness of the^democratic charge of extravagance in the^matter of appropriations by the Fifty-first^congress, and also explaining the why and^wherefore of each appropriation, which will^show that a considerable amount went to^pny debts incurred by the Clevland admin^^istration.
SecretaryFoster is at his home, but As^^sistant Secretary Nettleton has made a^statement denying that the treasury depart^^ment was in any immediate need of money^or that it proposed using the money uow^in depository banks in any extraordinary^amounts.
Ouitea large number of Republican sena^^tors and represents tivesare still here many^of then very busy transacting department^business for their constituents which thev^couldn't get time to do while congress was
ORLEANSCITIZENS DISSATISFIED^WITH THE JURY'S VERDICT. TAKE^THE LAW INTO THEIR^OWN HANDS
ThoySurround the Jail, Overpower the Jailers^sad Shoot Eleven Italian AesESiim.
NewOrleans, March 14.^The trial^of nine Sicilians for th^ murder of^Chief of Police Hennessey last October,^concluded yesterday afternoon, the^jury bringing in a verdict of not guilty^as to six of the accused. Masheca, the^Marchesis, Bagnotta, Incardoa, and^Matranga, and failed to agree upon a^verdict as to the other three, Polizzie,^Monaatero and Scaffedi. As the ver^^dict was read each person in the court^room turned to the person next to him,^and there was an audible expression^of ^urpriaeanddissatisfaction. Depu^^ties however suppressed the noise and^then Judge Baker ordered the jury to^be discharged and the prisoners re^^manded, as there was still another^charge against them in connection^with the same case. The jury refused^to talk with reporters as to what had^happened in the jury room. When the^jurymen reached the street they were^hooted at by the crowd, who had al^^ready learned of the verdict.
Indignationover the verdict is gen^^eral. There is another indictment^against the accused, but it is tor a les^^ser offense, and as it concerns the same^transaction the district attorney will^have to enter a nolle prosequi. There^has been a mass meeting called for to^^morrow morning and calls for m n to^come preparetl to carry out what jus^^tice failed to do. The call is signed by^lOO leading citizens. All Italian^schooners and luggers in port, and they^are numerous, are decorated with^Hags in honor of the verdict.
LumberDelivered to any part of the .Itidith Basin at Reasonable Rates. P. O. address
Wholesaleand Retail Dealers in
JudithLanding, Mont.^New Goods Just Received I
SpecialAttention Given to the Trade of Banch and Stockmen
SpecialInducement offered to those having Ore and Bullion for Eastern^Shipment from the Maginnia Mining Region.
LargeWarehouse on the bank constructed with a Special View to the Storing^of Wool. Wool Growers in the Judith and Wolf Creek county will find^this the most convenient point to haul their wool, whetner^desiring to sell or ship.^H^Xow that the Great Northwestern Reservation is open for settlement^Ranchmen and others seeking locations will find the route via JudithLandine^the shortest and best road, and can depend upon obtaining supplies of all^kinds at BED ROCK PRICES. Also, blacksmith shop at Landing.
.WORDERSBY MAIL GIVEN PROMPT ATTENTION
MinneapolisTribune: Really, one of^the political phenomena of the age is^the increasing popularity of .Tames G.^Blaine, and as time rolls along, as
ieeueafter issue presents itself to the
Americanpeople, demanding proper^solution and disposition^and, nat^^urally, as men of both great political^parties are casting about for leaders^in the approaching national contest,^he towers so conspicuously above all^others among Republicans that it may^be said all eyes are turned toward him.^No one person or interest seams to be^working in this direction, and yet all^persons and interests appear to be^looking to him as their leader and ad^^vocate. Ask a dozen prominent Re^^publicans you chance to meet their^preference lor the next Republican can^^didate for the highest position within^the gift of the people, and ten of them^will unhesitatingly ^ almost uncon^sciously^say, Blaine. No man is more^essentially a lover and promoter of his^country's best interests than Mr.^Blaine. His long acquaintance with^public affairs and public men renders^him of all men in this country the best^equipped for leadership. He has been^tried and never found wanting; he has^been villainously assaulted by those^who should have been his best frieuds,^but has never betrayed his party or^sulked in the harness or out of it, and^he has been long enough now before^the country as a conspicuous figure to^disarm every enemy he ever had of^any weapon that can be raised against^him.
rekikki) thk .11 kv.
NewOrleans. March 14. ^ The^meeting of citizens at the Clay statue^adjourned to the Parish prison which^was soon surrounded by several thous^^and people. The doors were forced^open and it is known thateleven of the^Sicilian assassins were either shot or^hanged.
Allthe prisoners on trial yesterday^for the assassination of Chief of Police^Hennessey were killed to-day except^eight.
At10 o'clock this morning some^3,000 people gathered at the Clay^statute in response to a call by acorn^mitteeof prominent citizens. Speeches^condemnatory of thejury'saction were^delivered by W. S. Parkinson, J. C.^Wickliffeand others. After the speeches^which inflamed the gathering, 2,000^started for the Parish prison, which^they reached at 10:3(1. After a slight^resistance the jailers surrendered and^the citizens rushed in and killed eleven^out of the nineteen men who were in^dieted for the assassination of Chief^of Police Hennessey. They were:^Manuel Politz, Pietro Monastro, An^^tonio Scaffedi, Joseph P. Macheca,^Antonio Marchesi, Antonio Bagnetto.^Frank Romero, Jim Caruso, Rocco^Ceranchi, Charles Trahine and Comit-^eze.
THESTATE DEPARTMENT TAKES A HANI).
Washington,March 15.^ Secretary^Blaine to-night sent the following tele^^gram to Governor Nicholls at New Or^^leans:
Ithas been represented tn the president^by the minister ef Italy accredited to this^government that among the victims of the^deplorable massacre which took place in^the city of New Orleans yesterday were^three or more subjects of the king of Italy.^Our treaty with that friendly government^(which under the constitution is the su^^preme law of the land) guarantees to Ital^^ian subjects domiviled in the Cnited States^the most constant protection aud security^for their persons and property, making^them amendable on the same basis as our^own citixsns to the laws of thelTnitedStates^and the several states in their due and^early administration. The president deeply^regrets that the citizens of New Orleans^should have so disparaged the purity and^adequacy of their ^*wn judicial tribunals as^to transfer to the passionate judgment of^a mob, a question that should have been^adjudicated dispassionately and by settled^rules of law. Thegovernment of the Cnited^States must give W^ the subjects of friendly^powers that security which it demands for^our foreign jurisdiction, ft is the hoiw of^tbs president that you will co-operate with^him in maintaining the obligations of the^United States toward Italian subjects win^may be within the perils of the present ex^citement, that further bloodshed and vio^lence may be prevented, and that ull offen^^ders agsinst the law may be promptly^brought to justice.
Thistelegram was the result of n^conference between the president and^the secretary this afternoon. Baron^de Pava, the Italian minister, had pre^^viously called on Secretary Blaine and^earnestly protested against the killing^of his couutrymen, demanding at the^same time protection for the other^Italians in New Orleans.
Baronde Fava, in his protest to^Secretary Blaine, said the local au^thoritie8 of New Ot leans not only failed^to prevent the meeting which had been^publicly announced and was known to^t^e hostile to the Italians, but also held^an attidude purely passive during the^massacre. He said he was obliged to^reserve for his government the right to^aemand any and all reparation^judged necessary.
FALLOF THE ALAMO
Massacreof Col Crockett and 0ns Hundred^and Forty Texans.
Rememberthe Alamo!'' was one of^the battle cries in the Mexican war^that never failed to rouse Texans to^the highest pitch of martial ardor.^And well it might, for it reminded them^of a massacre, almost unequaled in^atrocity, in which one hundred and^forty of their fellow citizens were slain^by Mexicans. Alamo was a fort in^Bexar county, Texas. It covered^about an acre of ground and was ob^^long in shape. The walls wereeight or^ten Wet high and three feet thick. It^as called Alamo, which in Spanish^means poplar,' from the fact that a^grove of these t stood near it. Feb.^23, 1836, Mexican forces numbering^about two thousand, commanded by^San ta Anna and four generals appeared^before it. The Texans were under the^command of Col. Travis, Col. David^Crockett, the famous hunter, and Col.^Bowie. They saw it was useless to^fight the enemy out in the open, and^etired within the Alamo, where they^raised the national Hag formed of thir-^een red and white strips on ;i blue^ground with a large white star in the^centre. The Mexican took possession^of the town and established batteries^on both sides of the San Antonio river.^A summons to surrender was rejected^by the Texans, and then the bombard^^ment began. It lasted for t wenty-four^ours without cessation, and no less^than two hundred shells fell within the^fort, but not a man was hurt. Neither^ere the walls injured to any extent^y the furious fire. The Texans, who^ere nearly all experts in the use of the^ille, stood on the ramparts aud picked^off scores of men of the enemy. The^Mexicans made assault after assault,^but without success. On the third of^March the intrepid Texans were nearly^ut of provisions, and their health had^been undermined by the constant^train, but in response to an appeal^by Col. Travis they resolved to fight^o the death. On the morning of^March G a combined and determined^ttack on the fort was made by the^Mexicans. Twice they were driven^nek with heavy loss, but their super-^ority in numbers proved to be too^much for the heroes in the fort. The^Texans, not having time to loud.club^^bed their rilles and foutjht until only^six of them were left alive. These, in-^luding Crockett, surrendered, but by^Santa Anna's orders they were cut to^pieces. Crockett was pierced through^he breast by a dozen swords; Col.^Bowie, who was ill in bed, was shot,^Iter he had killed several of hisassail-^nts, and Maj. Evans was riddled with^bullets while in the act of tiring the^powder magazine. All the bodies of^he slain Texans were gathered to^^gether in thecenter of the fort, horribly^mutilated and then burned. This was^he act which not long after led to the^defeat of the whole Mexican army by^he enraged Texans, and the final In-^lependence ot the Lone Star state.
Theeditor of the Butte Miner paints^the following picture of Montana^greatness:
Montanais the wonderland of the^world. Her wealth is beyond compu^tation and everyday brings additional^proof of her inexhaustible resources^She already has the greatest copper^mine, the greatest gold mine, and t h^richest silver mine in tbe world. Sh^has the richest mining city, the hap^^piest men, and tbe handsomest women^on the earth. Within her borders is^the greatest developed water power^the largest smeltery, and the most fer^tile valleys on the continent; and now^comae the information that she has^the richest gem fields under the sun^the news of their sale to an English^syndicate having been published in the^Miner yesterday morning.
Letno other state orclimelay claim^to the title of ^Wonderland^ for this^belongs by every right, exclusively and^undeniably, to Montana.
AdditionalParticulars Regarding the New^Road to Great Falls
Ithas been reported at Tacoma,^Wash., that the Chicago, Burling^^ton a Quincy railroad is pushing for^the Pacific coast at a lively pace.^Construction is now going forward in^Wyoming, and the route outlined is^across the Big Horn mountains, thence^swinging around into the Stinking^Water, passing through the southeast^corner of that country down Clark's^Fork to the Yellowstone river, and^thenco crossing Northern Pacific into^Montana, probably west of Billings,^and then striking for Great Falls to a^connection with the Oreat Northern.^Some railroad men believe that the^Burlington will be run to the coast in^^dependent of other transcontinental^lines in reaching Puget sound. This^may have meant by the aid of the^tireat Northern, but there is a well^tounded rumor that some transconti^^nental line not yet mentioned as build^^ing in Washington, is now organizing^an engineer corps to survey a pass^through the Cascade mountains not^yet mentioned. If such be the case^there will be an independent line, and^the combination story is for the pur^^pose of gaining time and preventing^inquiry as to the real intentions of the^company.
Edison'sExplanation of ths Ampere snd the
RulingsUnder the Desert Land Law.
Adesert land entry may be made^by a married woman.
Desertland entries are not assign^^able.
Aschool section or part tlierof can^^not be embraced in a desert entry.
Sections1^^ and 30, while unsurveyed,^may be embraced in a tlesert entry.
Entriesmust be compact in form^^not more than l1, miles in any one
irection,where ^^40 acres have been^entered.
Landsthat one year with another^for a series of years will not, without^^igation, make a fair return for cul^^tivation, are desert lands within the^aw.
Cropmeans such an agriculture pro^^duct as would be a fair reward for the^expense of producing it.^To be desert land it must be shown^hat irrigation is essential to produce^any crop upon the land in question.
Landsthat have been reclaimed and^protluce crops, are not subject to entry^under the desert land law.
Tractsentered under this law are^desert until their non-desert character^sestablished by preponderance of tes-^imony.
Finalproof must show that the en-^ire tract is irrigated in the cropping^season. The crop may be hay. vegeta-^^les or grain. Proof that all the land^has been cult ivateil is not necessary,^but it must all be in a condition suit^^able for cultivation.
Mereconveying of water upon desert^land is not a fulfilment of the law, un^^less in sufficient quantity to prepare^such land for cultivation.
Thefinal certificate and patent in a^lesert land entry can issue only after^the public surveysluivebeen extended.
Patentmil issue only in the name of^the original party.
Aparty w hose desert land entry ha:^been cancelled for non-compliance with^the law, cannot claim the land as a^pre-emptor or homesteader by virtue^of settlement and residence thereon^prior to such cancellation.
Repaymentof first deposit is not^allowed where a desert land entry has^been cancelled for non-compliance.
Wherea desert land entryman, after^the expiration of three years from^entry, applies for repayment of pur^^chase money on the ground of inabil-^^ty to secure water, such application^will be refused.^Ex.
Duringa recent examination a law^^yer put the following question to^Thomas A. Edison:
Explainwhat is meant by the num^^ber of volts in an electric current^^^To which he replied:
Iwill have to-use the anology of a^waterfall to explain. Say we have a^current of water ami a turbine wheel.^If I have a turbine wheel and allow a^thousand gallons per second to fall^from a height of one foot on the tur^^bine, I get a certain power, we will say^one horse power. Now the one foot of^fall will represent one volt of pressure^in electricity, and the thousand gallons^will represent the ampere or the^amount of current. We will call that^one ampere. Thus we have a thous^^and gallons of water or one ampere^falling one foot or one volt, or under^one volt of pressure, and the water^working the turbine gives one horse^power. If, now, we go a thousand feet^high, and take one gallon of water and^let it fall on the turbine wheel, we will^get. the same power as we had before,^namely one horse power. We have a^thousand times less current or less^water, aud we will have a thousandth^of an ampere in place of one ampere,^and we will have a thousand volts in^place of one volt, and we will have a^fall of water a thousand feet in place^of one foot. Now the fall of water or^the height from which it falls is the^pressure of volts in electricity, and the^amount of water is the amperes. It^will be seen that a thousand gallons a^minute falling on a man from a height^of only one foot would be no danger to^the man, and that if we took one gal^^lon up a thousand feet and let it fall^down it would crush him. So it is not^the quantity or current of water that^does the damage, but it is the velocity^or the pressure that produces the^effect.
SheIs English, You Know.
Mrs.Stanley is reported to have^said, with ardor, a few days ago, that^she ^hated that Mr. McKinley^^the^Ohio congressman^and that if Mc^Kinley dared to go over to dear old^England the people there would hang^and burn him in effigy, because of hi^anti-English tariff law. The genia^major, they say, on hearing of these^remarks, observed, kindly: ^We must^forgive the lady, she is a thorough En^glish woman; and then I am informed^that her worthy mother is interested^in Cornish tin mines!
Letthe Music Begin
QuesrFacts About Beavers
CathlametGazette: James Sherman^of Clifton, who is trapping beaver at^Knappa, was telling recently some^queer things about beaver and beaver^trapping. The animal, he says, has^the most acute sense of smell of any^animal that exists. In setting the^traps you must wait till low water, in^order to have the tide when it comes^n to obliterate all traces of yourpres-^ence. When a beaver is caught in a^trap the other beavers at once enable^him to make good his escape by seiz-^ng him by the tail and hauling him^away until they release him, often^eaving the limb in the trap as an evi^^dence of the struggle that ensued. He^caught a beaver last winter on Puget^stand, and said that it had only two^toes on a hind foot, the other three^legs being amputated as close to the^body as if the limbs had neverexisted.
Mr.Sherman says there is one fac-^ilty the beaver possesses that would^be a profitable and interesting study^for scientific men, and that is the^power of making objects adhere to the^bottom of a stream without any ap^^parent means of securing them. The^beaver lives mostly on wood, which it
cutsanil deposits on the bottom,^where it remains, contrary to the nat^^ural laws, which would in ordinary^cases cause tbe wood to rise to the^surface. How this is accomplished it^is 'ifiicult to decide, but it is neverthe-^lets a fact, as Mr. Sherman assures us^that he tried it timeandagain. Beaver^trapping pays well where any consid^^erable number can be caught, the av^^erage price of the furs being from $3.SO
to$5 per pound.
THECALIFORNIA SENATORS HIP.
CharlesH. Felton Elected to Represent the^Golden State.
Sacramento,March lit ^Charles H.^Felton was elected L'nited States sen^^ator on the first ballot to-day or^the eighth taken in joint convention^of the legislature. The ballot on first^roll call stood: Estee 40, Felton 4(^.^Johnston 4, Heacock 4, Blanchard 1.^Twenty-three Democratic votes were^cast for White. Before the vote was^announced a number of changes were^made to Felton, aud finally it became^a stampede, which, once begun, was^complete, and the ballot was an^nounced as follows: Estee 15, Felton^73, Johnston 1, Heacock 4, White^(democrat) 24. The convention then^adjourned sine die.
TbsMew Land Law
Washington,March Id.^Many in^^quiries are received at the land orliee^regarding the-effect of the repeal of the^land laws, just when it went into effect^and what action the officers should^take. Of course, only meager ami gen^^eral instructions can be made now.^Several registers and receivers have^written for instructions, and the land^commissioner's reply is as follows, be^^ing general for all land offices:
Theact rej^ealing the timber-cult on^and pre-emption laws was enacte.l^March 4, 1801, but all bona fide^claims lawfully initiated under thesaid^laws prior to that date are protected^thereby and may be perfected accortl^^ing to law. Whether any claim comes^within this protecting provision or not^is primarily a question for you to act^upon, subject to review in the regular^course. I may staie, however, that^timber culture applications pending^before the date of approval of the re^^pealing acts should be passed upon^with reference to the special provis^^ions therein with reference to bona^fide claims lawfully initiated, and so^also should pre-emption claims when^settlement is alleged prior to the pass^^ing of the repealing act and the declar^^atory statement is offered for tiling^within the legally prescribed period^from date of settlement.
Capt.Mills, revenuecollsctorforMuntana.^has received a circular from Commissioner^Mason, giving notice that under the act of^October I. 18H0, all special internal revenue^taxes will hereafter become due on July 1,^instead of May 1. Those who have paid^special tax for the year ending April 3^)can^have their stamps extended for May and^June by paying pro rata for these two^months. Those beginning business in May^^or June must make a return for the period^ending June ^O. Failure to make proper^ret urns renders the delinquent liable to^criminal prosecution and they will lie as^^sessed 50 per ceut of the amount of tax in^addition. The special taxes imposed after^May are:
Rectifiersof less than 500 barrels..SUM) 0O
Rectifiersof 500 barrels or more200 OO
Dealers,retail liquo/ -
Dealers,w-fiofesare liquor l
Dealersin malt liquors, wholesale^ 59 OO
Dealersin malt liquors, retail20 OO
Retaildealers in oleomargarine48 0O
Wholesaledealers in oleomargarine.4^*0 tin
Manufacturersof oleomargarine600 OO
Manufacturersof stills50 OO
Andfor each still manufactured 2^ oti
Andfor each worm manufactured 2^ OO
Brewersof less than K00 barrels 50 OO
Brewersof 500 barrels or more1O0 00
Allspecial taxes heretofore required of^dealers in or manufacturers of tobacco^and cigars are repealed nfter May 1.
BozemanChronicle: In presenting a law^governing the disposal of school lands the^legislature conformed tn the wishes of those^who desired it to be sold and those who^thought it ought to be leased. The land^commissioners, consisting of Land Com^^missioner Oranville Stuart, the governor,^superintendent of public instruction and^other officers forming the state board, will^appraise all land worth $10 per uere and^offer it for sale to the highest bidder. The^occupant has the first privilege of purchas^^ing the land at the highest price bid. Thirty^per cent of the price must be paid down^and the balance in seven annual payments^at 7 per cent interest. If the property is^sold to a person not occupying the laud^the amount for which the buildings ami itu.^provemeiite are appraised goes to the^quondam occupant, and if sold to the lat^^ter the amount ol such appraisement is^subtracted Irotti the price bid.
Landsnot worth sin per acre are tu be^leased under the restrictions of tbe law for^term of five years. A great deal of the^land in this county will lie appraised and^sold this year, as it is all worth 810 per^acre, and the money deriveU from its Hale
appliedto the different school funds ef the^state. The whole Fort Kllis reservation,
exceptthat portion within three miles of^the city, as we interpret the bill, will be Hp-^praised and sold by tbs board this year.
Anotherdisgruntled Benedict writes:^^Men think they marry angels and^they find mortals; they think they^have got prizes and they have got^blanks. Marriage is madness. Every^man contemplating marriage ehould^be run into an asylum. There is noth^^ing in it but worry and expenses. Men^put their best foot forward when they^go courting, and the girls naturally do^the same when courted. Courtship is^a game of mutual deception. A man^wants a home, some one to love, chil^^dren; a woman wants to be emanci-
Eatedfrom her family's control and^e at liberty; she wants position,^money, shrinks from being an old^maid, and, incidentally, wants affec^^tion, if possible. The laws have eman^^cipated women, so that they are no^longer dependent, shrinking, desirous^of protection; they think if heaven^had sent them into the world aa males^they would have set the river on fire.^Not content with the positions of their^husbands, they endeavor to make po^^sitions for themselves. Some do.^Many do no more than to fret their^husbands with praises of their friends'
ASSTRONG AS SAMSON
TheAmerican Champion Lifter Raises Nearly
Manchester,N. H., March 12. ^^Louts Cyr, who holds the champion^^ship at heavy weight lifting, has again^proved that he is the strongest man in^the world by accomplishingt wo unpre^^cedented feats of strength. He lifted,
withthe aid of a rope, two 160-pound^dumb bells, with a man balanced on^them, the aggregate weight being 516^pounds. He raised the bells and the^man two feet from the floor. He ac^^complished this wonderful feat with^the index finger of his right hand. He^also beat the record for the hand and^back lift by raising a platform weigh^^ing 261pounds on which were twenty^men. The combined weight was 3,780^pounds. Cyr has issued a challengeto^Dandow and forwarded $250 to Rich^^ard K. Fox, as a forfeit for a match^for $5,000 a side, to take place in^America.
Gen.Booth has received the half^million he asked for to accomplish th^regeneration of ^Darkest England,'^and a considerable sum in excess of^that amount. Now let him marshal^his forces and scare the devil out of^the heathen in London with his bazoo,
kazoo,castanet, sockbut, tomjohn husbands. Marriage is a failure, and^and fu'zzyguzzy bands.^Pioneer Press. | polygamy is failure multiplied.
St.Louis Globe-Democrat Jefferson,^about seventy years ago, in a letter to^a friend, pointed out the desirability^of closer trade relations with Brazil.^What his party, however, lacked the^intelligence and statesmanship to ac^^complish the Republican party under^Blaine's leadership has brought about.