Newspaper Page Text
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Vol. VIII. No. 34. LEWISTOWN, FERGUS OOUNTY, 4THUI SDAY, MARCH 26, 1891. Price 10 Ots.
REPUBLICAI IN POLITICS, AND DBYOTED TO TB TH'I-Rs, c AND WOOL INTERESTS OF THE GREAT JUDITH COUNTRY.
I I I • • I I I • II I I II I III1grl I•I I IIg a g a gg I I agg gI g g I I g a s a g
gergue Qousttwt a tgue
rUBULIsID WKEKLY DY
JOHN I. VOOMAN. : EIdr & Plspisr.
Entered at Leristown POassecond class matter
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hre months ........................................ I..
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Special rates given on large spce and standing
Local notices IS ents per line.
specal advertisements payable strictly in ad.
.overnor.............Josepb K. Toole. Helena
Lieut. Governor....John E. Rlckards, Bultt
llemuber of Congress, T. H. Carter. Helena
hecretary.............. Louis Rotwitt, Helena
Treasurer ...............R.O. Hickmln, Helena
. uditor...................E. A. Kenney, Helena
Att'y General,...Henri J. Haskell, (ilendive
Shie Justice Supreme Court...........
Henry N. Blake. Helena
Asasociate Justices E. N. Harwood
Supreme Court """ W. H. I)eWitt
lerk Sup. Court, W. J. Kennedy, Helena
8 lperinlt-udent Public Instruction-
.........John Gannon, Helena
IU. S. Marshal ...........Wm. F. Foray, Butte.
KReister UT. S. Land Offtice.........'. A. ularg
I.tdceiver IT. S. Land Office.......;. W.l'ook
Surveyor (;eneral............Ge. I. Eaton
IT. S. Attorney........ .......... E. I). Weed
Ferglg ('o.Nat OIReers.
State Senator, .........('has. W\. Baylies, ICbet
'Members House of ( John R. Barrows
Representatives "' John D). Waite
Sheritf..... . ........... .Maurice Sullivan
Ireasurer.........................Frank E. W right
('lerk and Recorder........William iH. Kelly
Judge 10th l)ist. Court......D)dley l)ubose
Clerk Dist. Court.........I). A. Meagber
County Attorney............Frank E. Smith
Assessor................L.....I.. W. Eldridge
Surveyor ...............eorge Stafford
I:oroner...... ........ ....r. W. F. Hanson
Supt. of School'.........Miss Fannie Corbin,
O. M IM ION KRS.
lohn W. Beck, C'hairmllu.........Lewistown
J..hu MCt'ourt ..............................'lh.et
ctoutity .,wlpissioners nmeet First Mon
.iay ~,t Mauch, tI.',. September and De
The D)istrict Court for Ferglas ('ounty
Bets seconld week in March, first week in
.May. second week in August and thlr.J
week in November.
E. W. MORRISON,
ATTr"OZY AND COOIgsLLO AT LAW,
Will Praetlee In all Cearts.
Orrw,-Cor. Third Ave. and Janeaux St.
FRANK E. SMITH,
Attorney and Counsellor
Olce |i Bamk 3Bl1dflw
Caols Fi - to practice in all the
uOta. ýC and collectonu..
Attorney at Law.
sLwISTOWN, - MONTANA.
SIU. e. Laud Omce Plats of all surveyed laads
n the Judith Basin, with abstracts of all ilinp
wade. corrected weeklr.
ROBarT E. GUDGILL,
Justice of the Peace.
'ollections a Specialty. All business entrusted to
mne will receive prompt attention.
Orrn ,tv*'ooUaD's BuII.DINo., REAR O BANK
DR. W. F. HASON,,
Physician and Surgeon,
T. R. DALY,
Extracting, Filling and Artificial Teeth.
Office on second floor wf Noriman Bros.
Block, Main Street.
L.:WSTOWN. - - MONT.
W. H. CULVER,
LEWISTOWN. : MONTANA.
Fire Insurance ua School
LEWISTOWN, - - MONTANA.
E. G. SCHNBIDER,
Complete Line of Fall and Winter
PERFECT FITS GUARANTEED.
,REPAIRING AND CLEANING.
car. ol Maia etrMt sad FIt Ave.
ALEWFOWIN, : MONTANA
T. C. POWER & BR.,
LEWISTOWN, - - MONTANA,
Keeps Constantly am SaAe a Csimplets Anssrtnmt et
NEW ANND FRESH GOODS OF BEST QUALITY. CAL.
AND EXAMINE OUR
Groceries and Dry Goods.
Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods,
Hardware, Stoves and Ammunition,
Wooden and Willow Ware,
Furnituire, Spring NaI ttresses, 1Vool
Fence Wire, Heavy Wagons, Road Carts and
Buggies, Iron Pumps and Wind Mills.
BUILDING PAPER, DOORS, WINI)OW AND NAILS, PAINTS, OITS,
AND GLASS, BLANK BOOKS, INKS AND STATIONERY, TRUNKS
AND VAIICES, "ELAINE" COAT, OIL, ROCK SALT,
In fact we have nearly every thing that goes to make up your daily
wants. on which we name BOTTOM PRICES.
The all steel Aermotor is far superior to tbs old style
t wooden Wind Mills for Pumping, Irrigating, brimding. &c.
Write or call for circular.
H DEERING MOWERS
We are agents for the best line of A.ieultural impiae
ments in the Basin. Also,
'j Ml a ons
arter Oak Stoves. Barbed
a Wire, Pumps, Tinware,
Special Attention Given to Repair
ing and Manufacturing Tin, Sheet
Iron and Zinc.
IsfTRY A HARDWARE STORE FOR HARDWARE.
OLIVER JUTRAS & HOBENSACK,
Tin Shop Sign, East of Bridge. Lewistown. Montana.
C. C. LONG. J. B. CLARK.
LONG & CLARK,
dAN FA(TURUI1S OP
Lumber, Lath Shingles
I*Can Furnish Dressed Finiahing Lumber, and Dressed and
Matched Flooring on Short Notice.
WLL--On Middle Fork of Beaver Creek, 6 Miles South of msrr Smith's auseh
Lumber Delivered to any part of the Judith Basin at Reasonable Rate.. P. O. address
OOTTONWOOD, - MONTANA.
JUDITH MERCANTILE COMPANY,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers In
Judith Landing, Mont.
New Goods Just Received I
Special Attention Given to the TradeofRanch mandtockkman
v I RECEIV~NG AND FOTWARDING .
Special Inducement offered to those having Ore sad Enlfo far Vern
Shipment from the Maginnis Mining Region.
WOOL-S TORING PACILITIES.
Large Warehouse on the bank constructed with a Special View to the Storhig
of Wool. Wool-Growers in the Judith and Wolf Criek county will And
this the most convenient point to haul their wool, whher
desiring to sell or ship.
gWNow that the (reat Northwestern Reservation is open for settlement
Ranchmen and others seeking locations will And the route via Judlh adiJn
the shortest and best road, and can depend upon obtailal g epplies of all
kinds at BED ROCK PRICES. Also, blacksmith shop ast -Lma*i.
ý'ORDERS BY MAIL GIVEN PEOMPT ATTENTION
lyme Ou r lelasr Qo 0.1
WA Us.mTO, Yeh. 18, 1801.
The pimmidet it spmetd to mstr teo th_
White Houme to-morrow, sad althtob h "
has been give out sem-eilty thtL h
might eomeude to potpose tehe appe it
meat of the ie .kd it ert sde antl
next Doeember, I have good esem lr he
lieving that es will do no meeh tbing. I
pgntleman, whose same would earrry
victioa were I at liberty to mse it, said h
my bearing that he tepeeted to - ee-.
o of them lappe.atmeme made bh.lm Mr
Harrisea started oa hl pripmssd trip t<
the Pacifc coast via the south, which iad
eatrs that the next two or three weo.
would settle the matter. fr thoegh -
date has actually bees set for the trip, it
pmneraly undertkood tht the party, wk.i
will slde the ladies of the White we_
and a majority of the eablit heers as
their wives, will leave Wahusgteo early h
It what a Democratic ssastor said to me
to-day Is based upon the tenth, and he
thinks it is, there ae squally ties ahead
lar that party unless Clevland and sml
will agree to abandon their claim to the
Democratic nomination, which is not very
probable. "The publication of the Wattr
son letter to Hill," said thesenator," which,
by the way. I happen to know was bever
mailed to hill, was the first move toward
carrying out a plan to kill off botbHiWand
Cleveland as candidatss before the nest
Democratic national convention, which I-
the result of a combine, offensive and do
kanive, that Senator Carlisle and Inter-.
state Commerce Commissakioner William H.
Morrison have formed for the nomination
ofi tlemselves for president sad vice presi
dent (the head of the ticket to go to the
one that develops the greatest strength In
the convention), upon a platform of fr-
coinage and free trade, the idea helg to
combine the west and south against the
gast. And the eame combination will he a
factor in the speakersehip contest, but I
lon't think it has been folly determined
which of the candidates will be benefited, it
its support turns out to be a benefit. Mills
swears by (leveland and is counting upon
Cleveland to help him. so that it is prob
able that Crisp or a western man will be
favored by the combine, which, according
to my information, is daily growing in
strength." Certain things, unimportant in
thenmselves, have occurred here cently
which add to the plausibility eof a combi
nation between Carlisle and Morrison, both
of whom are known to have presidential
aspirations, but whether they can conm
mamnd enough strength in their party to
overthrow Cleveland and Hill is a horse of
uuite another color.
This heasbeen a proud weekforeecretary
Blaine. First, the Brazilian mails brought
to the state department copies of the ol
eial proclamation of the president of Brazil
promulgating the reciprocity treaty with
the United States and authorizing the free
"Ir all goods mentioned thereinon and
Aprei 1. Of course this was not news
'Yr. .ebe, but nothing short of the B
del dulests would eonvineethe "dosdt
ing Thlser ," who busied themselves ie
ýrsatlqi raoess of the reszatioa
'.eaeyr by the Brazilian government, and
others quite as senseless. But the meet
important event, an event which plaeeMr.
Blaine among the foremost masters of dip
lomacy, was the receipt of a dispatch from
Lord Salisbury,. the head of theBritish for
eign office, agreeinlg on the part of his gov
ernment to accept Mr. Blaine'spropoeitlon
to submit the questions in dispute between
the two governments relating to Bebring
sea to arbitration. Thisis agreattrimph,
and what is the meet pleasing thing about
it, it was accomplished by a digniledstate
ment of our claims, without the least
shadow of bluster. As secretary of state
Mr. Blaine hasdelighted hisfriendsand on
founded his enemies, and now we shall hear
no more of his trying to get this country
into a war with England.
Ex-Representative Cannon is preparing a
statement showing the senselesnness of the
democratic charge of extravagance in the
matter of appropriations by the Fifty-Arst
conaress, and also explaining the why and
wherefore of each appropriation, which will
show that a considerable amount went to
pay debts incurred by the Clevland admia
Secretary Feoster is at his home, but As
sistant Secretary Nettletkn has made a
statement denying that the treasury depart
ment was in any immediate need of money
or that it proposed using the money now
in depository banks in any extraoerdiary
Quite a large number of Republican sema
tors and representativesare still here many
of them very busy transacting department
business for their constituents which they
couldn't get time to do while congress was
BH. Orewiu. P,.m rity.
Minneapolis Tribune: Really, one of
the political phenomena of the age is
the increasing popularity of James G.
Blaine, and as time rolls along, as
issue after issue presents itself to the
American people, demanding proper
solution and disposition-and, nat
urally, as men of both great political
parties are casting about for leaders
in the approaching national contest,
he towers so conspicuously above all
others among Republicans that it may
be said all eyes are turned toward him.
No one person or interest seems to be
working in this direction, and yet all
persons and interests appear to be
looking to him as their leader ond ad
vocate. Ask a dosen prominenat e
publicans you chance to meet their
preference toe the nsutRepublicaacan
didate for the highest position within
the gift of the people, and ten of them
will unhesitatingly - almoht omnacn
scionuly-y, Blaine. No man is more
equaetiallyalover and promoter of his
country's best inteests than Mr.
Blaine. His log acquaintane wish
pubie affairs ano public m enr iees
Lim of all men in tis country thebst
equined for hadermship. He has bee
te and never found wantiu he has
bees viflainomey asmaited by those
who should have been his best inus
but has never betrayed his party
Sslked in the harness or oat o it, ad
i he has been loag asou noew baes
l the country as a eonpeieuous t
disarm every enemy ha ever had od
any weapon that can beraimsedagais
ALIIC v'M. "
Sht Owfswer >the Idler
Oaxueas, March 14.-The trial
Sicilisas for the murder of
Pollee Hennessey last October,
yesterday afternoon, the
in a verdict of not guilty
iz of the accused, Ma beca, the
Bagnotta, Incardoa, and
and failed to agree upon a
as to the other three, Polissie,
and Scasedi. As the ver
se ead ech person in the court
ro I e p iete rsona attoihm,
atR f7a s an wdibl s ea ds
ti emnppresrse the nolre and
tJruige Bakqr ordered the jury to
b Mcharpgd and the prisoners re
e, as there was still another
I against them in connection
wL thsame case. The jury refused
talk with reporters as to what had
din the jury room. Whe. the
mereached the street they were
hted at by the crowd, who had al
rea4y learned of the verdict.
Idignation over the verdict is gen
eril. There is another indictment
a inst the accused, but it is tor a les
setoense, and as it concerns the same
transaction the district attorney will
hae to enter a nolle prosequi. There
has been a mass meeting called for to
mwrrow morning and calls for mn-n to
COM prepared to carry out what jus
ties failed to do. The call is signed by
100 leading citizens. All Italian
schooners and luggers in port, and they
are numerous, are decorated with
Bfla in honor of the verdict.
REBUKED THE JURY.
lzw ORlEANS, March 14. - The
msting of citizens at the Clay statue
adburned to the Parish prison which
wa} soon surrounded by several thous
people. The doors were forced
o and it is known thateleven of the
ian assassins were either shot or
1 thMe prisoners on trial yesterday
tbe assassination of Chief of Police
B nesey were killed to-day except
At 10 o'clock this morning some
8,000 people gathered at the Clay
.uLgte in response to a call by acorn
tieeof prominentcitiseos. 8peeches
natory of the jury'saction were
dby W. 8..Parkinson, J. C.
lifes and others. After the speeches
inflamed the gathering, 2,000
for the Parish prison, which
Sreached at 10:80. After a slight
the jailers surrendered and
rushed in and killed eleven
o.t CtlimO n men who were Ti
dieted for the assassination of Chief
of Police Hennemsey. They were:
Manuel Politz, Pietro Monastro, An
tonio ScSfedi, Joseph P. Macheea,
Antonio Marchesi, Antonio Bagnetto,
Frank Romero, Jim Caruso, Rocco
Csranchi, Charles Trahine and Comit
13 ISRATE DIPAZ.M.ENT TAKE8 A HAND.
WASamsNroN, March 15.- Secretary
Blaine to-night sent the following tele
ram to Governor Nicholls at New Or
"It has beem represmted to the president
by the miaister of Italy aecredited to this
government that among the victims of the
dsplorable masacre whiek took place in
the city of New Orletas yesterday were
thase or more subjects of the king of Italy.
Our treaty with that friendly government
(which nuder the constitution Io the su
tU law o the land) guarantees to Ital
iba sbjets domiciled in the United States
the most constant protsetion and security
for their persons and property, making
them ameudable on the same basis as our
own itisse to the lawsoftheUtnitedtates
anad the several states in their due and
early admiaetratiom. Tm presidentdeeply
rearets that the eUtimes of New Orlsans
should have so disparaged the purity and
dequasy of their own judicial tribunals as
to tramdser to the passionate judgment of
a mob, a question that should have been
adjudicated dispusonately and by settled
rules of law. Thegovernmet 0o the United
States must give to the subjects of friendly
powers that security which it demands for
our foreign jurisdietion. It is the hope of
the president that you will co-operate with
him in maintalaing the obligations of the
United States toward Italian subjects who
may be within theparile of the present ex
eitemet, that further bloodebed and rio
loeme may be preventd, and that all often
dera against the law may be promptly
btought to justics.
JAmIs 0. BLAIns.
This telegram was the result of a
conference between the president and
the secretary this afternoon. Baron
de FPaa, the Italian minister, had pre
viously called on Secretary Blaine and
earnestly protested against the killing
of his countrymen, demanding at the
same time protection for the other
Italians in New Orleans.
Baron de Fava, in his protest to
Secretary Blalne, maid the local au
thorities of New O leans not only failed
to prevent the meeting which had been
pblicly announceed and was known to
be hostile to the Italians, but also held
an attidude purly pasmve during the
massacre. He said be was obligd to
rvew for his government the right to
- mand any and all reparation it
NWeam a Weý_stas._
Tbe editor of the Butte Miner paints
the fe.lowing picture of Montana's
Montamn is the wonderland of the
world. Her wealth i. beyond compl
atie and every day bridpadditional
of ber insdmanssibo resurnees.
ady has the grat copper
mee, the estp mine, and the
dtehes sliver emime tbh world. She
bhas the re a city, the hap
-ir ta, and theb..ds t ha nomes
on the earth. Wltn her borders is
the devndepe water power,
them sme~cty, sand tlh mt or
tile t oa thmeootiowt; san now
-m the iliormation th.at m ha.
tlstisott. ba.mýi tli th
dtehal etl. at' und. r .hee -t
' ý to dotP~-e ensiu- ,and
im elss b eum aesl t Nm :a
ma heW bm m
"Remember the Alamo!" was one of
the battle cries in the Mexican war
that never failed to rouse Texans to
the highest pitch of martial ardor.
And well it might, forit reminded them
of a massacre, almost unequaled in
atrocity, in which one hundred and
forty of their fellow citizens were slain
by Mexacans. Alamo was a fort in
exE coonunty, Texas. It covered
about an acre of around and was ob
long in shape. The walls wereeight or
ten lest high and three feet thick. It
was called Alamo, which in Spanish
meas poplar; from the fact that a
grove of these tresestood near it. Feb.
8s; le88, Meieaa forces numbering
about two thouesand, commanded by
Santa anaaad four a ra ppeared
bei it. The sams were ider the
eremand of Col. Travis, Col. -Devid
t(hokett, the famous hunter, and Col.
Bowie. They saw it was useless to
ight the enemy out in the open, and
retired within the Alsmo, where they
raised the national fag formed of thir
teen red and white stripe on a. blue
ground with a laIr white star in the
centre. The Mexican took possession
of the town and establisbhed batteries
on both sides of the San Antonio river.
A summons to surrender was rejected
by the Texans, and then the bombard
ment betan. It lasted fortwenty-four
hours without cessation, and no lees
than two hundred shells fell within the
fort, but not amanwashurt. Neither
were the walls injured to any extent
by the furious fire. The Texans, who
were nearly allexpertsin the use of the
rifle, stood on the ramparts and picked
off scores of men of the enemy. The
Mexicans made assault after assault,
but without success. On the third of
March the intrepid Texans were nearly
out of provisions, and their health had
been undermined by the constant
strain, but in response to an appeal
by Col. Travis they resolved to fight
to the death. On the morning of
March 6 a combined and determined
attack on the fort was made by the
Mexicans. Twice they were driven
back with heavy loss, but their super
iority in numbers proved to be too
much for the heroes in the fort. The
Texans, not having time to load,club
bed their rifles and fought until only
six of them were left alive. These, in
cluding Crockett, surrendered, but by
Santa Anna's orders they were cut to
pieces. Crockett was pierced through
the breast by a dozen swords; Col.
Bowie, who was ill in 'bed, was shot,
after he had killed several of hisasessail
ants, and Maj. Evans was riddled with
bullets while in the act of firing the
powder magazine. All the bodies of
the slain Texans were gathered to
gether in thecenter of thefort, horribly
mutilated and then burned. This was
the act which not long after led to the
defeat of the whole Mexican army by
the enraged Texans, and the final In
,lependence of the Lone Star state.
Maltags Wader tbs Desert Lead law.
A deeert 'land entry'-may be made
by a married woman.
Desert land entries are not assign- I
A school section or part therof can
not be embraced in a desert entry.
Sections 16 and 36, while unsurveyed,
may be embraced in a desert entry. e
Entries must be compact in form
not more than 1, miles in any one
direction, where 640 acres have been
Lands that one year with another
for a series of years will not, without <
irrigation, make a fair return for cul- I
tivation, are desert lands within the ,
Crop means such an agriculture pro- t
duct as would be a fair reward for the
expense of producing it.
To be desert land it must be shown
that irrigation is essential to produce t
any crop upon the land in question. i
Lands that have been reclaimed and
produce crops, are not subject to entry
under the desert land law.
Tracts entered under this law are
desert until their non-desert character
is established by preponderance of tes
Final proof must show that the en
tire tract is irrigated in the cropping
season. The crop may be hay, vegeta
bles or grain. Proof that all theland
has been cultivated is not necessary,
but it must all be in a condition suit
able for cultivation.
Mere conveying of water upon desert
land is not a fulfilment of the law, un
less in sufficient quantity to prepare
such land for cultivation.
The final certificate and patent in a
desert land entry can issue only after
the IEblic surveyshavebeen extended.
Patent will issue only in the name of
the original party.
A party whose desert land entry has
been carcelled fornon-compliancewith
the law, cannot claim the land as a
preemptor or homesteader by virtue
of settlement and residence thereon
prior to such cancellation.
Repayment of first deposit is not
allowed where a desert land entry has
been cancelled for non-compliance.
Where a desert land entryman, after
the expiration of three years from
entry, applies for repayment of pur
chase money on the ground of inabil
ity to secure water, such application
will be refused.-Ex.
ase 1 l , Tea Emew. I
Mrs. Stanley is reported to have
said, with a~dor, a few days ago, that
she "'ated that Mr. McKinley"--the
Ohio congressman-and that if Mc
Kinley dared to go over to dear old
dthe people there would hang
d brn him im e , becauss of his
nti-Eglish tariff wa. The enial
major, they say, on bearing o these
remarksobsrved, kindly: "We must
ve the lady, she i a thorough En
Lub woman; sad then I am informed
that her worthy moter is interested
in Cornish tin mines!"
Osm Booth bha rgguvsd the ba
milme. hb aird for to eaoomplih the
r..earatl.. of "Dark t Bai-d,."
aada eom eabl -u ID 0tl of
tbMt amums. Nfow 1st him maeia5
his siei am i - the devil oat of
the heathem I Lodom withhis ba~eau
bad -uyin ý- P
Mlsk Tsm.. W l egserag s >ew
raed s Lent Pal.
It has been reported at Tacoma,
Wash., that the Chicago, aurling.
ton & Quincy railroad is pushing for
the Pacific coast at a lively pae.
Construction it now going forward in
Wyoming, and the route outlined Is
across the Big Horn mountains, thence
swinging around into the Stinking
Water, passing through the souithes
corner of that country down Clark's
Fork to the Yellowstone river, and
thence croming Northern Pacifie into
Montana, probably west of Biliagp,
and then strikming for Great Falls to a
connection with the Great Northern.
Some railroad men believe that the
Burlington will be run to the coast in
dependent of other transoontin.ntal
lines in reaching Pagt sound. This
may have meant by the aid of the
Gnret Northern, but there is a well
founded rumor that some traaoonsui
aensal line not yetamentioedas build
lg in Wasbielpa, i ae ýeinud,
san agf corps to snrvey a pas
throh the Cascade mountains not
yet mentioned. If such be the case
there will be an independent line, and
the combination story is for the pur
pose of gaining time and preventing
inquiry as to the real intentionsof the
>wse. Iwslssde e ti £ Law.'a t-s
During a recent examination a law
yer put the following question to
Thomas A. Edison:
"Explain what is meant by the num
ber of volts in an electric current?"
To which he replied:
"I will have to use the anology of a
waterfall to explain. Say we have a
current of water and a turbine wheel.
If I have a turbine wheel and allow a
thousand gallons per second to fall
from a height of one foot on the tur
bine, I get a certain power, we will say
one horse power. Now the one footof
fall will represent one volt of pressure
in electricity, and the thousand gallons
will represent the ampere or the
amount of current. We will call that
one ampere. Thus we have a thous
and gallons of water or one ampere
falling one foot or one volt, or under
one volt of pressure, and the water
working the turbine gives one horse
power. If, now, we go a thousand feet
, and take one gallon of water and
let it fall on the turbine wheel, we will
get the same power as we had before,
namely one horse power. We have a
thousand times less current or Iees
water, and we will have a thousandth
of an ampere in place of one ampere,
and we will have a thousand volts in
place of one volt, and we will have -a
fall of water a thousand feet in place
of one foot. Now the fall of water or
the height from which it falls is the
pressure of volts in electricity, and the
amount of water is the amperes. It
will be seen that a thousand gallons a
minute fallinag a man framm~ Asi
of only one foot would be no dasgarto
the man, and that if we took one gal
lon up a thousand feet and let it rail
down it would crush him. So it is not
the quantity or current of water that
does the damage, but it is the velocity
or the pressure that produoes the
ameer 1r Aet s wear
Cathlamet Gazette: James Sherman
of Clifton, who is trapping beaver at
Knappa, was telling recently some
queer things about beaver and beaver
trapping. The animal, he says, has
the most acute sense of smell of any
animal that exists. In setting the
traps you must wait till low water, in
order to have the tide when it comes
in to obliterate all traces of yourpres
ence. When a beaver is caught in a
trap the other beavers at once enable
him to make good hise emape by seis
ing him by the tail and hauling him
away until they releas him, often
leaving the limb in the trap as an evi
dence of the struggle that ensued. He
caught a beaver last winter on Puget
island, and said that it had only two
toes on a hind foot, the other three
legs being amputated as close to the
body as if the limbs had nevere"isted.
Mr. Sherman says there is one fac
ulty the beaver possesses that would
be a profitable and interesting study
for scientific men. and that Is the
poer of making objects adhere to the
bottom of a stream without any ap
parent means of securing them.
beaver lives mostly on wood, which it
cuts and deposits on the bottom,
where it remains, contrary to the nat
ural laws, which would in ordinary
cases cause the wood to rise to the
surface. How this is accomplished it
is lifficult to decide, but it is neverthe
lea a fact, as Mr. Sherman assures us
that he tried it timeand again. Beaver
trapping pays well where any consid
erable number can be caught, the av
erage price of the furs beingfrom $8.50
to $5 per pound.
Another digruntled Benedict writes:
"Men think they marry angeuls and
they find mortals; they think tbey
have got pries and they have got
blanks. Marriage is madness. Every
man contemplating marriage should
be run into an asylum. here is noth
ing in it but worry and expenses. Men
put their best foot forward when they
go courting, and the girls naturally do
the same when courted. Courtship is
a game of mutgal deception. A man
wants a bhorn, som one to love, ehil
dren; a woman wants to be emanci
pated from her family's contarl and
be at liberty; she wants positio
money, shrinks from blag an -od
maid, and, ian ientally, wesas a
tios, if pomible. The lawshle
ipated women, as that they amr no
of protecion; they thinka heaven
hasaent them it the world asules
they would hawve st the river oem I.
Not contest with tihe paiiows ther
hI.nben they endeavor to smao
. itloot thesle. 'sase
Many do as more thee to Yt
,u - uari pr eir L im
a h.I...sl. Marrdag Ibsal a
polyjpmy s. faalem kia.'
tsIs . lstalm sehe ab qssemat the
SacaAxnrro, March 19.--Charles H.
Pelton was elected United States sen
ator on the first ballot to-day or
the eighth taken in joint convention
of the legislature. The ballot on first
roll call stood: Estee 40, Felton 40,
Johnston 4, Hrecock 4, Blanchard 1.
Twenty-three Deiocratic votes were
uast for White. Before the vote was
amnnouned a number of changes were
made to Felton, and finally it became
a stympsds, which, once begun, was
comple, and the ballot was an
nounced as follows: Estee 15, Felton
78, Johuston 1, Heacock 4, White
(democrat) 24. The convention then
adjournd else die.
Tls New Latd Law.
Was.axoox, March 16.-Many in
quiris are receivd at the land office
rwrding tbeffect of the repeal of the
land laws, just when it went into effect
and what action the officers should
take. Of course, only meager and gen
eral instructions can be made now.
Several registers and receivers have
written for instructions, and the land
cemmissioner's reply is as follows, be
ing general for all land offices:
The act repealing the timber-culture
and pre-emption laws was enacted
March 4, 1891, but all bona fide
claims lawfully initiated under thesaid
laws prior to that date are protected
thereby and may be perfected accord
ing to law. Whether any claim comes
within this protecting provision or not
is primarily a question for you to act
upon, subject to review in the regular
course. I may state, however, that
timber culture applications pending
before the date of approval of the re
pealing acts should be passed upon
with reference to the special provis
ions therein with reference to bona
fide claims lawfully initiated, and so
also should pre-emption claims when
settlement is alleged prior to the pass
ing of the repealing act and the declar
atory statement is offered for tiling
within the legally prescribed period
from date of settlement.
Capt. Mills, revenue collector for Montana.
has received a circular from Commissioner
Mason. giving notice that under the act of
October 1. 1890, all pecial internal revenue
taxes will hereafter become due on July 1,
inttead of May 1. Those who have paid
special tax for the year ending April 30 can
have their stamps extended for May and
June by paying pro rata for these two
months. Those beginning business in May
or June most make a return for the period
ending June 80. Failure to make proper
returns renders the delinquent liable to
criminal prosecution and they will be asu
esm.d 50 per cent of the amount of tax in
additive. The special taxes imposed after
ReetileMr of lees than 500 barrels..$100 00
Retlgere of 500 barrele or more.....200 00
Deaes In malt liquor., wholesale.... 51 00
Dealers fi malt liquor., retail.......... 20 00
Retail dealer in oomargarine........ 48 00
Wholesale dealere in oleomargarine.480 00
Manufanturer of oleomargarine......600 00
Manufacturer, of stills................ 50 00
And for each still manufactured.... 20 00
And for each worm manufactured 20 00
Brewers of less than 500 barrels...... 50 00
Brewers of 500 barrel, or more.......100 00
All special taxes heretofore required of
dealers in or manufacturers of tobacco
and eigar. are repealed after May 1.
The Wkeel LmaL
Boseman Chronicle: In presenting a law
governing the disposal of school lands the
legislature conformed to the wishes of these
who desired it to be seld and these who
thought it ought to be leased. The land
eommissioners, consisting of Land Com
missioner rsauville Stuart, the governor,
supermatendent of public instruction and
other offcers forming the state board, will
appraise all land worth $10 per acre and
ouer it for sale to the highest bidder. The
occupant has the first privilege of purcham
iag the land at the highest price bid. Thirty
per sent of the price must be paid down
sad the alance in seven annual payments
at 7 per cent interest. If the property id
sold to a person not occupying the land
the amount for which the buildings and iru.
provements are appraised goes to the
quondam occupant, and if sold to the lat
ter the amount of euch appraisement is
subtracted from the price hid.
Lands not worth $10 per acre are to be
leased under the restrictions of the law for
a term of five years. A great deal of the
land in this county will be apprlased and
sold this year, as it is all worth $10 per
acre, and the money derived from its wale
appied to the dileresat schel fund .1 the
state. The whole Fort Ellis reservation,
exmept that portio withia three mile of
the city, as we iaterpret the bill, will be ap.
praised and sold by the board this year.
LU ITr e 0 a· s lAs.sa .
The Smutlm. Glmnlem sltn a.ass Nearly
MuIcuNsEna, N. H., March 12. -
Louh C.r, who bolds the champion
ship at heavy weight lifting, has again
proved that he is the strongest man in
the world by accomplishing two unpre
codented last of strength. He lifted,
with the aid of a rope. two 160-pound
dumb bells, with a man balanced on
them, the ap te weight being 516
pounds. He reased the bells and the
mad two last from the floor. He ac
eomplisbd this wonderful feat with
the index Inger of his right hand. He
also beet the record for the hand and
back lift by raisg a platform weigh
ing 961poound o which were twenty
men. Tas.omC al weight was 3,780
SOp has issued a challeongeto
D n aorwarded $250 to Rich
ard K. Feo, as a forfeit for a match
for $nn.0 a side, to take plaoe in
ft. Kalislob.-Dt.morMt: J'.Iwson,
s . s~taty 7tsr. ad, ins otter to
Shbli imsui eat the d.suability
.idsin WsaMd.tai.. with Brszil.
Wbht hi. party, heww, lacked tbe.
~.tammaup to ac
It ie bsros t iabut