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S1rgu0 Qtountp ___r ____ _
\'ol. IX.\u. ý. LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUNTY, MONT., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1891. Price 10 Cts.
REPUBLICAN IN POLITICS, AND DEVOTED TO THE MINERAL, AGRICULTURAL, STOCK AND WOOL INTERESTS OF THE GREAT JUDITH COUNTRY.
l ell i m i Sa •i ila i H i i t i~ i imR • i N i ln IDl• H H i• i N• H i n aiN• iN n n n n • iH i
4erg~u. Qt(Iountt jLi u
w e.lBL flth ED WEEKLY DV
JOHN U. VROOMAN, Editor I Proprietor.
Entered at Le eistown PO as secon d class mattir
TERMS OF SUB('CRII'TION :
(If paid in aIvanee.(
()1,ye r ..............u..............................
.I Yr Iuuntha ...................... .......................... I.SU
1hree month.'....~ ......... .. L11(1
AFTER( TII~l' I)AYý::
'ner year ..................... ................... 5o........f::.5S(
Plc umoneth...... "s*"
I hlree uouth. ........... .........IA....................
1 .. h, . eI... inueertiun ........................ . I.
I " kluut ............................ . ... a.U,
1 i .. ........ ............. .......... t.AJ
I W... Year ....... .......................'44.W
-*t."lal rat... girven a., Iarget spaea and tatding
a . , rta~w n-met..
1....(I 1a.111,e.'. L. rentt. ler lint.
:-g."ai:I 'aateri..eu.at.. payahble. .trctly in aad
avIte-n.c.r... . Josephc K. 'for llh-ezan
LIe~ut.4..eos erlcerr..leehi E. 1:I(kards,l~utne
len.uieb~ro'm 4 'oncgrePeyq \" \V. 1)s~ll au* utte
r; tcrelaryp.............I.., iu R(,LWjtr, Helena
'I'reatoI rer ............... R. ti. Htk tlitan, Helnai
itluil t "r..............-.. I. A. Keelne-, iAciarna
' i tl lt. amt 11.,r a lareha ('ourt......
Henry N. Blake. Helena
As.ue ial, .1 1.ti.re. IN. N. Harwood
at creIIue. tt('oIur.......... \\'. Hi. I~ircrt
PIc.r Sup. Court, W.%. J . Kennedy, lelenua
$4 p.AlaaI.it."ient 1'tihlic I aItru(-tinn
.....................In1lil (.aeIueora I-i"ie"na
I . \I ':r.Ial.... .....'eo.. . I. I pray, Btate
"."1 1.nr I S. Land etlt.'e..........*. tur1
1:" ier 1'. S. Lanail utiee.4... 'V.' W .o1
Munrvev a-, (e-,a-ral .... .........4 .e.,. It. EaMtonl
" Ai natot".. .......................I.. 1i. \e"e-ed
Frrgu.. 4 us.ont)y t lvtera.
Staee- Senatua r.........ha.. \C. ayli-s. (Itei.
.'enihecer,. House~ ohi olna R. Hiarro~w.
',-1. Are-ve-nLatives "" John 1). \aitae
S lceri aI.............. .............. Maurice Sullivan
f-alrr..aa e-r..................Frank E. Wright
Clerk auti, Rlweorder....... Wlliamu H. Kell3
.1 aig lge Ittl I list. t ourt..Ih. Ddle~y D)ubose
Cle-rk Itist. Cournt............I). A. Meaglher
4'..untiy Attenriey.........Frank Eii . Sti, it I
Ae-ea'.ecr .............................L . \1. di 1.1g.
41 rveyr1 r ............... .......;eorge· Statlar.ri
Coronier ...................Dr. \\". F'. Hansat,
:;uI at . oi s~hol~ea~..Ni .is" F-annie Curhiu,
("1)M M I s-IIN Ela..
Inclan \V'. Beck. l'llairli~aau.... Le~wit,.I.We
Yhili .Iu itt-C 'elrt ............................%a.leet
(Countv ('01110 isio Dller, Iwleet- First MuOn
tlay ofl March. J tine, Sa-ealea~t.er and. D~e
lihe I)istrict Court for Fergus ('Inalaty
s-etl,,,c, nCeaI week in \larIh. lirnt we. k in.
May. secondl wet-k in Auigtus-t an1d third
wee-k ill .uventer.
E. Wn. MORRISON,
ATTORENY AND COIsELLOE AT LAw,
Will Practice In all Courts.
(!I"'e"r-CuOr. TIlae'I .A'.A . tendh .lai,,e~tiI St.
FRANK E. SMITH,
Attorney and Counsellor
OlI.e in Bank Building:
;arfnul of t."t I, ti o I. l-.ractice in all the
l',nultl' . I lflun ct lttin am .i il,"ttultn.
R. VON TOBEL JR.,
Attorney at Law,
I.FWN'4OWN, M - N I'NANA.
I'. . Lanld tl, ti ' Plat. ,of all ýurveyed lands
nl tle .lhltlb iarin. willi ab,trala ut all tilulgs
lad , c .url.cited w.",tkl .
ROBERT E. GUDGELL.
.lll" t it ' o fl" tillt I 't":tt't".
I h.tl,.". ..n. a -piaralty All buinea'. entritel toI
,u will r, ..i.l prolupt attlentioun.
- UFIF E. A h.l.I.Dt",'..
I.EW ITOWN. - - MONTANA.
DR. W. F. HANSON,
Il'isilci:Ui :amtl 1l'gegoli,
LE V IV TOWN., MONTANA.
T. R. DALY,
Extracting, Filling and Artificial Teeth.
Ofice, corner Main and Fifth Avenue.
LEWISTOW. - MONT.
W. H. CULVER,
LEVISTOWN. : MONTANA.
DR. C. A. TILLOTSON,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
·SNight eat!s answered at the oece.
E. G. SCHNEIDER,
COMPLETE LINE OF SAMPLES.
PERFECT FITS GUARANTEED.
-S.eond Floor in Bank Building.
T. C. POWER & BRO.,
LEWISTOWN, - - MONTANA,
Keeps Constantly on Hand a Complete Assortment of
NEW .ANNI FREsH (;,OODS OF BEST QUALITY. ('ALL
.ANI) EXAMINE OUR
Groceries and Dry Goods.
Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods,
Hardware, Stoves and Ammunition,
Wooden and Willow Ware,
it . rig attr esse. .Vool
Fence Wire, Heavy Wagons, Road Carts and
Buggies, Iron Pumps and Wind Mills.
BI'IIING P.APER, I)O(ORS, 11. INIl\V A, NAILS, PAINTS, OILS,
ANI) (;I,ASS, BLANK BOOKS. INKS ANI) STATIONERY, TRUNKS
ANID V.ALICES, ".ELAINE" COAL OIL, ROCK SALT,
In ifat we have nearly every thing that goes to make up your daily
wants, on w-hicll we name BOTTOM PRICES.
; Stoves, Implements, Pumps,
IHose, Tinware, Barbed
* Mitchel Wagons, Road Carts.
SPECIAL ATTENTION TO WEFAIRINO AND MANUFAC
-- TURING OF TIN. SBRET IRON AND ZINC.
Ever-,,rowing, TRY YOUR HOME HARDWARE STORE FOR OUR LINE
Ever-4.oing, OF 000 S.
Where one goes others follows, and we take the couuntry. Runs in a calm
and regulates perfectly in a strong wind. Nothing equals it in resistance for
raising water for stock, irrigation,grinding. sawing wood, &c. Call or write us
OLIVER JUTRAS & HOBENSACK,
Tin Shop Sign, East of Bridge. Lewistown, Montana.
4'. 4'. I.1.4N . J. B. CLARK.
LONG & CLARK,
I`Can Furnish D)ressed Finishing L humber, and )ressed and
Matched Flooring on Short Notice.
ILL.---On Middle Fork of Beaver Creek,6 Miles South of Barr Smith's Ranch
Lumber Delivered to any part of the Judith Basin at Reasonable Rates. P. 0O. address
COTTONWOOD, - MONTANA.
JUDITH MERCANTILE COMPANY,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Judith Landing, Mont.
New Goods Just Received!
Special Attention Given to the Trade of Ranch and Stockmen
Lo RECEIVING AND FORWARDING -
Special Inducement offered to those having Ore and Bullion for Eastern
Shipment from the Maginnis Mining Region.
Large Warehouse on the bank constructed with a Special View to the Storing
of Wool. Wool-Growers in the Judith and Wolf Creek county will find
this the most convenient point to haul their wool, whether
desiring to sell or ship.
0ýNow that the Great Northwestern Reservation is open for settlement
Rancbmen and others seeking locations will find the route via Judith Landing
the shortest and best road, and can depend upon obtaining supplies of all
kinds at BED ROCK PRICES. Also,blacksmith shop at Landing.
!'ORDERS BY MAIL GIVEN PROMPT ATTENTION
I From Our Regular Cornuspmadeat.
WAsuIxorox, Sept. 25, 1891.
The president has been given little op
portunity to do anything except to receive
callers since his return to Washington. al
though many of his callers have dropped a
word or two that may prove useful in con
nection with the filling of certain import
ant vacancies. It is said that gentlemen
interested in the appointments to the cir
cuit, or as some call it, the appellate court.
judges, have been told that it was useless
for them to bfther the president now, as
he will uot take up those appointments
until just before congress meets, there be
ing other things requiring more immediate
attention. There is a vacancy on the
bench of the court of claims, which meets
on the 25th inst., that will probably be
the first one filled. Then there are two va
cancies in the muterstatecommerce commis
sion, which have resulted In practically
crippling the commission: they will proba
bly come next. Then comes the re-organi
sation of the cabinet, which the retirement
of Secretary Proctorand Attorney General
Miller will make necessary. The latter has
not been officially announced, but there is
little doubt of his having accepted a place
on the bench of the new circuit court for
the district which will take in Indiana.
The Democrat who can enthuse over the
nomination of Flower for governor by his
party in New York has not made his ap
pearance in Washington, where everybody
knows that Flower owes every nomination
or omlitical pre erment of any sort that he
has ever received to a liberal expenditure
of cash. His nomination shows that how
ever the Democratic party in Ohio may
stand on the tariff the New Yorkers in the
party do not object to a man, who M a
member of the house committee on ways
and means, got as many of his Democratic
friends protected by the McKinley bill as
(Gov. Campbell has made an appeal to
the members of the national Democratic
committee for money and speakers with
which to meet the enthusiasm of the Ohio
Rlepublicans, and he has received some
monely, and the committee has promised
to send him a lot of speakers to help him
try to make at least a show of carrying on
an active campaign. It is common to find
D)emocrats who admit that Campbell
hasn't the slightest show, but that they
believe in keeping up the fight because they
hope that the Alliance fight on Senator
Sherman may result in giving the Demo
crats control of the legislature. On the
contrary, no Republican who has been in
Washington since thecampaign opened has
expressed the remotest doubt of Republi
Secretary Fosterat a conference with the
\orld's Fair high commissioners of Great
Britain and Germany told those gentlemen
that the IUnited States government would
do all things in its power to dispose of all
difficulties in the way of foreign exhibits
resulting from tihe tariff laws, and that
every possible evidence of good will and
desire to promote the interests of foreign
exhibits would be given. "This fair," said
the secretary, "is not local to Chicago, is
n,,t. Inral to the ttnitd 4 States. but is
strictly a world's fair in celebration of an
event in which all nations are interested.
Properly America is arranging the matter,
but all the nations of the earth have
a proprietary interest in the celebra
tior. fu every case where the tariff laws
seem to interfere with foreign exhibits the
treasumry department will make the most
liberal construction of the law, and where
this is not sufficient congress will be asked
to pass special acts to destroy any dis
criminating regulations of the tariff." The
foreign commissioners were much pleased
with what Secretary Foster told them, as
it was a confirmation gi what had been
told them at home by Hon. Benj. Butter
worth, member of thecommittee which has
just returned from a visit to Europe in the
interest of the fair. Later thedistinguished
foreigners paid their respects to the presi
Oeneral Custer's asther.
A tall, venerable-looking man stood
upon the platform of the cyclorama
of the battle of Big Horn recently and
gazed long and earnestly upon the
canvas. The old man was feeble and
as he leaned upon the ropes for sup
port, hot tears coursed down his fur
rowed cheeks. The other spectators
in his vicinity eyed him with mixed
looks of sympathy and curiosity, says
the Detroit correspondent in the Iowa
Presently a small crowd of surviv
ors of the 6th cavalry, which wascom
manded by George A. Custer during the
war, came up the stairs. Just as the
cyclorama lecturer began to tell in
monotone how Custer, his brothers
Toni and Boston and his brother-in
law, Lieut. Calhoun, had beenslaught
ered at Big Horn by the Sioux, theold
man turned to go, as though the nar
rative had no special interest for him,
when one of the veterans, seizieg his
"Why, old man, God bless you!"
Then turning to his comrades he said:
"Boys, this is George A. Custer's
Instantly thewhite-haired patriarch
was surrounded by boys in blue,
struggling for the privilege of grasping
"I was with your son," said one,
when he made the raid out of Win
chester and broke through Early's
"I was with him in the 1st cavalry,"
said another, "when Tom, his brother,
was shot in the mouth."
"I remember that engagement very
well," replied theold gentleman. "Tom
brought the red necktie home that he
wore that day, and I've got it yet.
The blood is still on it."
There were tears in the eyesof many
of the crowd that saw Gen. Custer's
cavalrymen introducing themselves to
the general's venerable father, now 84
1n isnes 2sy'" y*F.
New York World: While the son of
Frank James is a student at a Mi
souri military academy, the son of the
late Jesse James is acquiring a practi
cal businesseducationln Kansas City.
He is considered an industrious lad of
much promise. These two facts
ought to interest the people who dis
course on heredity and environment.
Perhaps in a former timeand another
clime the lawless James brothers
might have consumed their super
abundant energy crusading against
the Turks or fighting for the altars
and fires of their native land, like
Marco Bozarris, instead of holding up
Western railway trains.
TM WMthsr aess-tas Iepsseaaes est
ew O.bsrvatstesa tats so be Istablished.
HELENA, Sept. 26, 1891.
ED. ARous:--Tbe extent and quality
of arable land in Fergus county point
to the fact that she will become im
portant among the counties of the
state for her agricultural productions
as well as her live stock interests.
One branch of science, practically ap
plied, in which the United States has
taken front rank among nations, for
the perfection and accuracy of the
work and practical usefulness of the
results, is in meteorology, the science
of the weather. The two business in
terests to which it is most serviceable
are shipping and agriculture, and in
the interesteof thelatter Superintend
ent E. C. Hobbs, who has general su
pervision of the work in this state, is
trying to interest the government and
the citisens in extending the work in
The weather bureau, which is now
attached to the department of agri
culture instead of to the war depart
ment, as formerly, is under the direc
tion of Prof. Mark Harrington, for
merly professor of astronomy in the
University of Michigan, and has four
official stations in Montana, namely.
Ft. Custer, Ft. As-inaboine, Ft. Bu
ford and Helena. Fromthesestations
and the other stations throughout the
United States daily reports are sent
by telegraph to Washington every
evening. From these the forecast for
the next twenty-four hours is made
and telegraphed to all the morning
daily newspapers, is signaled from the
observation towers, and is also carried
to the country districts by signals
carried by the express trains on the
main railroads in the East. These
forecasts are used as a target for
many lame jokes, and for many slurs
as to their reliability and importance,
but this arises really from the general
misconception and misunderstanding
of their meaning, and ignorance and
indifference as to their usefulness. The
average citizen, who reads a forecast
of "fair," and is caught in a local sun
shower, exhausts his invective against
the bureau's inefficiency; but the sail
ing masters on the coast, the shipper.
of perishable fruit, etc., and the wide
awake farmer, with crops to gather.
have learned the reliability and value
of these forecasts in giving warning of
general storms and marked weather
The science is yet very much in its
infancy, and its usefulness not yet
ing one of the observation stations
cannot but be impressed with the ex
tent, accuracy and delicacy of the ob
servations on the different climatic
changes. Here are sheets upon sheets
of perfectly reliable data, before
which the man who quotes the moon
and the patent medicine almanac
should subside and shut up. But he
won't; his grandmother taught him
to believe implicitly in the moon, and
it is much easier upon his feelings to
scoff at the weather bureau, with its
corps of trained scientists, than at
his own grandmother.
A new field for the bureau has been
found in calling its observers, with
their records, (most of which are
made automatically by self-recording
barometers, thermometers and wind
gauges,) as expert witnesses in law
cases. Thus they have testified in
cases of railroad accidents, as to
whether the night was stormy, inter
fering with seeing or hearing signals;
in the falling of unfinished buildings,
as to the force of the wind, etc. A
case that will probably come under
this last heading is now before our
The new work sought to be estab
lished by Mr. Hobbs is the locating of
a number of local observers at differ
ent points judiciously selected through
out the state, who will take daily
observations on the reading of the
thermometer, barometer, wind-gauge
and rain-gauge, and report weekly to
the Helena station, where the results
will be compiled in monthly reports
of the different sections, which would
be:published and furnished for free
distribution. Thus accurate and re
liable data of the climatic conditions
of the different sections of the state
would be secured for the benefit of the
resident and of the immigrant. Local
observers, resident at Glendive, Pow
derville, Horr, Ft. Logan, Castle,
Martinsdale, Boulder, Virginia City,
Butte, Drummond, Columbia Falls,
and Great Falls have expressed their
willingness to aid the work with their
services, which are voluntary. It was
expected that the government would
furnish the necessary instruments for
these local stations, but the central
office is moving very slowly in the
matter. It would be wisdom in the
state to take the matter in hand her
self, to thus secure in a systematic
way reliable statistics of the climate.
The same observers could gather other
reliable statistics of interest and use.
If it does not come sooner through
the government it will be a proper
field for the state experiment station
connected with the agricultural col
leg, when that takes form.
A lhisll asasas.
Puck: "Murphy thinks wisdom will
die with him."
"Well, I gues he's right."
"Yes; 'most anything would."
'K.IILETY AT PIQUA.
The Gret Protectioeist Takes the Place of a
Workman and Iak. Tin Himself.
PIqtUA. Ohio, Sept. 18.-Special to
the Inter Ocean.-"Can't make tin
plate? McKinley has made it. He
made it this morning. He took the
place of the bather, stood over the
cauldron of molten tin, and with
hands steady as an old time work
man, grasped the tinner's tongs and
carefully gave the sheet steel its bath
that converted it into terne tin.
"A cheer went up front the hundred
of men in the Cincinnati Corrugating
company's shops as the major lifted
the plate from its bath as perfect a
piece of terne tin plate as could he
made," said the foreman, who stood
by his side anxiously watching the per
formance. It was purely Amnerican
tin-plate, although Governor Camp
bell yesterday asserted that no tin
plate could be made in this country;
that every bit of tin plate used in
America was made from foreign sheet
steel coated with European tin and by
The plate made today was from
American sheet steel rolled from bil
lets made of ore mined in Oho and
made at Midelport. The pig tin came
from the Temescal mines in San Bar
nardino county, California, and the
lead from Missouri.
There was no doubt about the Amer
icanism of the workman. It was Mc
When the major had breakfasted
this morning his host, James Hicks,
president of the Corrugated company,
and secretary of Piqua Rolling Mill
company, invited him to take a drive.
J. G. Batelle, president of the Roller
Mill company; Colonel W. P. Orr, one
of the directors of the company; H.
C. Nellie, vice president of the woolen
mill; Colonel Harris, the Republican
candidate for lieutenant governor, and
the newspaper correspondents who
have been traveling with McKinley,
were invited to accompany the party.
The Major did not know the destina
tion of this Arive until Mr. Hicks
wheeled his team into the street past
the strawboard factory and leading to
the roller mills and corrugating works.
Instantly the whistles of all the fac
tories began to blow, and the men
rushed out to cheer McKinley. It was
a surprise to the major, but a very
pleasant one. Such a greeting could
not be otherwise. The party alighted
at the rolling mill, and the persp)ring
and blackened worknlell crowded
around him to shake haidsand thalnk
him for his great speech last iiht.
He shook hands until his right hl:Lid
was as black as theirs.
Thien he went into the mill, the
whistles still blowing and the men
cheering while they returned to their
furnaces and rollers to add the clang
of these to theother noise. Thenmajor
was first escorted to the furnaces,
where he saw steel billets dropped in
snid then rlll it+ , InteC'These
plates were carried to other furnaces,
and again they came out white with
heat to be sent through othe and finer
rollers and until they were as thin as
paper. The heat of the furnaces made
the place almost unbearable to all the
party except the major, who stood
among the half-naked workmen watch
ing with interest every feature of the
process. He had put a tarill on tin
plate that made its manaufacture in
this country possibly, and he wanted
to see it nmdle that he might know
whether (lovlrnor Campbell spoke the
truth when he declared that not a
piece of tin plate had been or could be
nma.e in Aimerica.
When he had seen the steel rolled
President Hicks led the way across the
yards into the corrugating works.
The plates were there ahead of them.
The workmen gave the major another
cheer and then proceeded to show himn
how these plates were bathed in tin.
McKinley watched them closely and
asked questions about the process
until he knew it all. Then the old tin
ner at the bath handed over the tongs
to the major and suggested that be
try it himself. With his Prince Albert
coat buttoned close about him, the
major took place on theplatform over
the great cauldron of tin. He grasped
the tongs, put in the steel plate and
slowly lowered it for the bath. The
tinners watched him as closely as he
had watched them. The visitors also
crowded around to see the champion
of tin plate making it with his own
hands. His hand was as steady as
had been that of the practised tinner,
and as he slowly lifted the plate from
the bath, the workmen led thecheer of
approval. The plate was perfect.
They congratulated the major on his
success and assured him that he was
just the man for governor.
In a few moments the plate was cool
and the major took it, wrote his aut
ograph with a steel pencil, and had it
mailed to Mrs. McKinley asa souvenir
of his first tin-plate making.
So successful had been his first ex
periment that Mr. Hicks insisted on
his bathing another plate to be kept
in the office ofthecompany. This was
also successful, and the major bathed
another for the Inter Ocean, as the
most reliable champion of thel tin
plate tariff in the west.
He was kept over the cauldron for
half an hour making tin plate before
he was allowed to step down from one
of the most responsible places in the
mill. As the old tinner again took the.
tongs he assured the major that le:
had done his work in an admirable
manner and could be trusted to make
McKinley then visited the Favorite
Stove Works, whose proprietors are
a!l Democrats, and they invited hlm
to go through the shops. Mr. Hoal.
one of the proprietorl . a stanch IDem
ocrat, accompanied him and intro
duced hint to the moulders, and
he laughed heartily when the work
men cheered his guest and crowded
around to shake his hand. It was ev
ident that there were a good many
McKinley men in this Democratic
McKinley was besieged with Invita
tions to visit the other industries in
Piqua, and he went to the woolen mill
and silken mill and several other
places in a hurried way before he had
to leave Piqua on the noon train for
Greenville, where he spoke this after
Governor Campbell should visit
Piqua. He will find them making tin
plate every hour of the day and night,
from Monday morning until Satur
day night. There are 525 men em
ployed in the steel and corrugating
mills, and they work in three shifts,
keeping the furnaces going all thetime.
The men work eight hours and they
can assure Governor Campbell that
tin plate is made in this country of
American steel, American tin, Ameri
can lead, and by American workmen.
They can make it for him at Piqua
and also show him the plates McKin
Tree Trade sadt Msesr osu.ms.
The zeal of those foreign gentlemen
who are in great measure the source
and support of the persistent demand
that the markets of this country shall
be opened to the free access of pro
ducers and traders the world over, is
by no means confined to their desire
to do the manufacturing for our peo
ple and the transportation that afree
trade policy would make necessary.
They are seeking to add to the colos
sal advantages the further one of
cheapening the food supplies of Brit
ish operatives by a fall in the price of
American farm products.
A fall in prices of such products as
Europe has to buy from this country
would inevitably follow free trade, as
the resulting increase mn importations
would necessarily force out of their
present employment hundreds of
thousands of men now engaged in do
nmestic manufacturing and in the as
sembly and distrioution of products.
There is no room for controversy on
this point. We cannot allow foreign
ers to do the manufacturing for this
country and at the same time keep
our own people employed in the lines
so many of them are now working.
Not even the wildest theorist in the
free trade contingent disputes this
Confronted by the certainty of con
fusion to domestic industries that
must follow the first approach to for
eign free trade, and confounded by the
demand that they shall offer some so
lution for the problem thus raised,
the heralds of the proposed new dis
pensation quite naturally looked to
England for a hint to be used by way
of answer. And it was soon torth
coming trom the last living represen
tative of that trinity of statesmen
Cobden, Bright, Gladstone-especially
prominent in inaugurating the exist
ing British revenue policy. Mr. Glad
stone, with an eye to the main chance
that has never known sleep when the
interests of his country were gauged
against those of the outside world,
answered that America should be con
tent to raise cheap corn and cheap
meats for British operatives, who
could thereby afford to manufacture
more cheaply than now. And forth
with all the free trade shouters cried,
amen' and with the plea of cheapness
they now go up and down the land
asking voters to close the shops and
factories of this country until such
time as the upper and nether mill
stones of enforced idleness and press
mng necessity grind prices down in con
formity with the notions of the most
cxactitn advocate of cheapness.
The "reformer's" hope is that vot
ers, by failure to look so far ahead,
may not discover where free trade will
force them until such time as retreat
Balmaceda left a letter to his mother
and also a statement to the New York
Herald. As almost the last declara
tions of a dying man they are of spe
cial importance. He says:
"I acted all during the past eight
months with the firm conviction that
I was right. I had no one in the
army in whom I could placeany trust.
My generals were talse. They lied all
through the war. Had my orders been
obeyed I believe that the battle of
Concon would have resulted in a de
cicive victory against the enemy. My
heart all through this trouble has
been with Chili. I sought to rescue
my country from foreign domination.
I strove to make her the first republic
in America. My enemies say that I
was cruel. Circumstances compelled
me to sanction certain acts, but many
bad deeds that have been attributed
to my orders were never known by
me until they had been commited.
Until the final battle at Placilla I had
strong hopes of triumphing over my
foes. Victory was assured by my
generals, Alcerecca, Barbosa and Vie.
They all lied. I now know they only
pretended friendship for me because
of the money that was to begotten
out of me. All the money that I have
in my possession is $2.500. My wife
gave it to me on the night of Aug. 28.
"Your minister, Patrick Fgan, many
times offered me good advice. He
urged me to make peace with those
opposed to me and to retire from
from Chili. I did not heed his wise
advice, for 1 thought that he was
under the influence of the junta, who
were then refugees in the American le
I gation. All through the trouble my
closest advisers were always opposed
to any overtures for peace."
ifreta ore. ls essahei LU.
Advices from foreign wool markets
indicate that notwithstanding the de
pression in some of the European
woolen manufacturing districts, prices
for wool suitable for America have
been maintained. The futureofAmeri
can wool seems likely to be determined
by the London market for the re
mainder of the year. If no decline
takes place there, present prices in
America promise to be fully sustained,
if not improved. While the McKinley
tariff bill has proved prejudicial to
foreign manufacturers, who are mak
ing every effort to keep prices as low
as possible in order to regain the
American nmaket, it has stimulated
manufacturing in the United States.
Some ot the machinery which has
lately been moved from the woolen
district of Bradford, England, to this
locality is now running, and we have
had the pleasure of supplying it with
the first American wool it ever used.
-Justice, Bateman & Co.
Ai It Uuwl.y Is.
"'Is that the president of thebank ?"
"Which one? '
"That stylish looking fellow who
says 'I and the board of directors' so
"No, that's the janitor."--Brook
Mrs. Cumso-"Here's an account of
a man who fasted forty days."
Cumso-"He was a merchant who
didn't advertise, I suppose."-ES.
Sewsr Sheeks of Zarthqsske seported Frem
the Missistsppi Valsy.
Sr. Lotis, Sept. 26.-An earthquake
shock occurred at 10:50 tonight. Vi
brations were distinctly felt passing
south, lasting about ten seconds. At
one newspaper office the compositors
left their cases and rushed into the
street. People were awakened from
sleep, particularly at the West End,
and rushed into the streets in their
night clothes. Among those who mi
grated from their beds was Governor
Johnson with his family. J. B.
Waters, of the salvage corps, on the
corner of Seventh and Locust street,
was shaken out of his stool while sit
tins at a switch board. Considerable
crockery and glassware was demol
ished. It is reported, but not authen
ticated, that wooden stables in the
outskirts of the town were tipped
Lor.isvu.L, Ky., Sept. 26.-A slight
earthquake shock of about one sec
ond duration was felt at 10:55 to
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Sept. 26.-A
slight earthquake shock was felt here
at 10:51 tonight.
KEOKLK, Ia., Sept. 26.-At 10:50
tonight there occurred three distinct
earthquake shocks, which shook
buildings in various parts of the city.
The shocks were of short duration.
LATKZ A SMALL l.BA.
As Okso Ossple Nrs Lea 1.tr That Weigh
O'.as 1P aam a Half.
8PRINmfIELD, Ohio, Sept. 19.-Ths
smallest babe that ever saw the light
in Clark county was born to Mr. and
Mrs. Joseph Gaines, of North Hamp
ton about a week ago. It weighed
only a pound and a half at birth, and
has a handsome head of dark hair.
The moccasins of a good sized doll fit
and he has been wearing them ever
There is every prospect of thechild's
living. It laughs and cries and wrink
lee up its face, which is about the size
of a dollar. The child is full of gesta
tion and takes a limited amount of
nourishment with evidences of appre
Hegan's Wonderful Dog.
"I s'pose my father has got the
smartest dog in the county," said
John Hogan, the news agent in the
Erie depot. "The dog is a water
spaniel and there's a good many men
who don't know half as much as he
does. "One thing he has learned to
do is buying the meat for the family.
He'll take a quarter in his mouth and
go down to the meat shop and get a
pound of shoulder steak, give up the
quarter but wait till he gets ten cents
-D... ..I.y don't your father give
him just the fifteen cents, so be won't
have to bother with waiting for the
change?" interrupted the Evening
"Well, my father did that once,"
said Hogan, "and the dog dropped a
nickel out of his mouth and he would
never go to the meat shop again with
more than one piece of money, so they
have to let him take a quarter.
"One day the meat market man
tried to put off on the dog a ten cent
piece with a hole in it but the cute old
fellow sptt it out on the floor and
wouldn't stir a step until he got a
good dime. They used to try all sorts
of ways to fool him, but finally the
market man thought he'd try him
on the short change racket and one
day gave him a nickel instead of a
dime. They had been fooling with the
dog so much that he lost all patience,
and so when he found that they were
trying to beat him out of five cents
what do you think he did?"
Took the butcher oy the neck, I
suppose," said the reporter.
"Naw," exclaimed Hogan. "He
ain't none of your common biting
dogs! What he did was this: He
walked tight out of the shop, stopped
a policeman on the street, took him
by the coat, led him into the shop
right straight up to the man who had
tried to cheat him out of his right
change, as much as to say, 'Here, I
want you to arrest that fellow!"
"The butcher understood what he
meant in a second and gave the dog
his right change, and the smart old
chap marched home with his meat
and his dime with an air that said as
lain as words that you couldn't fool
him. There ain't anything can heat
lalaZs OCaet Go to Ohio.
AKRON, O., Sept. 25.--Col. A. L.
Conger, a member of the Republican
national committee from Ohio, re
cently wrote to Mr. Blaine to see if he
could take part in the Ohio canvass
this fall, and today received the fol
"S&TAsooc, BAR HARBOR, Me., Sep.
23, 1891.-Your favor received. I
cannot take part in the Ohio cam
paign this year for many reasons,
which I need not give, but I hope no
efRort will bespared to elect McKinley.
His victory at this time is very im
portant to the country and party.
He and Mr. Campbell represent the
honest difference between the two q
parties at this time. There is no
dodging and noevasion, and the voter
need not be deceived. The election of
McKinley means a policy of protec
tion and honest money. The election
of Campbell means free trade and cor
ruption of currency. I believe Ohio
will stand by McKinley. Sincerely
JAIEs G. BIINE.
o0u.pll amd erltal r.
COLLMBUS, O., Sept. 28.-The chair
men of the Bepublican and Demo
cratic state committees have arranged
a joint debate between Major McKin
ly and Gov. Campbell at Ada, Oct.
8. Campbell has the opening and
closing of the debate.
Oss Lasphele I, t
May-"What would you do if yeo
had a complexion like mine?"
Blanche-'Take the black veil."