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The Chicago Inter Ocean The ChicagoInterOcean
To New Subscriber I To Now Subscriber.
Vol. XXII. No. 19. LEWISTOWN, FEROUS COUNTY, nlONT., WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 7, 1904. Price s Cents.
REPUBLICAN IN POLITICS. AND DEVOTED TO THE MINERAL, AGRICULTURAL, STOCK AID WOOL INTERESTS OF THE GREAT JUDITH COUNTRY.
Before the Home Market Club, the
Vice Preeident-lect Speaks for
the Republian Party.
NO RADICAL LEGISLATION
Changes WIll be Made as Deemed
Neeeesary t Ne General Re
vides Is Demanded.
Bedsn, Dee. 1.-Before an sadlesac
of sUM lhen 3,000, Vice Presieat.lect
-btabaks qMke on the attitude of the
~gblioaus administration on the tar.
IS quetimo at the amnual banuest of
the HBme Market club. Among the
oahmr est were Governor J. L Bates
of Masanhusetts, former Seeretary f
the .ary Jobn D. Long, Dr. W, H.
Meontague to Toronto, a privy eemail
Ser of 'the Dominion of Canada, and
verasumrelect Henry Roberta of Ca
The speakers were Senatesr Fa
auis, fGovernor Bates, Mr. lmUg ad
Dr. Iluntague. Former Olsgruassma
JRobert T. Davis of Full Bime, Maus.,
pnresent of the club, as tmatmate,
:nvderd to the priadlple of the pr
tetlve tariff, which Is satim by the
Home Market club, sayng that ,the
.Iain members of the aat.lsalbous
of rerpresentatives andl easem would
confer with the admnlsamsath nm nii.
su·eet of tariff.
Hie added: "We are willhitg sttand
by their Judgment as to the time .and
mature of such revisfam."
Telegrams of gre at t at ,belng
able to attend we see.s tlnd from
President Roosevelt and the Massa
Vice Presidentelest 7airbmaks in
his speech said:
"The exoansion at tar ftomin fnm.
"The expanslon at car foreign.com
meroo under Re.b.Ilaa poliitaes anl
Republlcan admilaltmtlon is macclu
sive evidence of the fact that the Re
publican policies ae mot restzletive
as far as our forelln $tade is ianernm
ed. In 1860 our experts of mman
tacturing products to other caontries
amounted to oah tlMl00M0, while
last year they reached .the enormous
sum of $452,000.000. We have been.
rapidly lncreasl.g our wealth.thumngh
our foreign commerce. The balance
of trade is greatly in our favor. From
the beginning d George Washing
ton's first admlaisttlon "to William
McKinley's first term, the net bal
ance in favor df the United States
was $383,000,000; Ainee thbe beginning
of President McKinley's :first term
until March, 1904, the net balance in
favor of the Udittl States was up
wards of $3A,6(000,000. It would
seem the part of wisdom to hold fast
to those measures, and the adminis
tration of public IMairs uzder which
gratifylng and unparalleled .reslts
have been acoenalfihed.
"While the tariff question Is an old
, one, it is of coatLimal and lvital inter
est. It must not be overthrown or
.surrendered either 'by liaursnce or
,prejudice it must be maintained ly
,education by Intelligent discussion.
""The Republican party haa revised
tariff schedules it the past when re
vision was essential, and it will not
hesitate in the future to subject their
to careful scrutlan and alteration so
that our protective system may be
just in its operation. Whenever
heange of schedules is essential in
the-public interest, the alteration will
be made. It will be nmalle advisedly;
!It *1i1 be made sot in response to
:mere .sentiment, but agreeatly to
sound economic neesst4,. Any bother
policy is obviously unwise ant dis
turbing in its tendency.
T'ihe Republican 'pasty adheres to
the doctrine of commerecil tree'les,
rsetlpmetty which teafs to expeall.our
co-mmere and to develop .Amereban
fadustt' rand in the ilterest of Amer
teen labor and Ame'ican cmpital. It
holds to -reciprocity, Which is -mle
'hand aulden of proection.' but -iut
to that which Is but amother form vf
free trade -md which is hieett to tli·
"President McKinley has been quot
ed by the enemies of proteatt.n as
favsortg the Democratie sysism of
reclpsmiety. The text uf hile last
great speech :gives denial to sueh pro
tectlon. is :utterances were 4.re
ly free from mbigulity. None could
nisuaderstand them who did net de
sire to do so. He distinctly fasored
'sensible trade arrangements whL.h
will not Iaterrnpt our home prdaod
"'We should take from our eas
tomers,' he aid. such of our products
as we can use without harm to oar
Industries mad laber. And he farther
declared that if peiihance some of our
tariffs are no loaser needed for rev
enue, and to acourage and protect
ladustries at home, why should they
aot be employed to extend and pro
-mote our markets abroad.'
"It will be observed that he kept
well in mind the home market and
rtection to our iadustries and Is
"There is in these observations no
suggestion of the abandonment by him
of the great policy for watch he lived
and wrought so well. The result of
the recent national election needs no
interpretation. It plainly signifles
tat the people have unabated faith
in the great principles for which the
Republican party has frought so well.
It clearly indicates exceptional con
fidence in the soundneba and conserv
atism of Republican administration.
The power committed to us is to be
used with prudence.
"We are to continue to adhere to
and uphold the great policies which
have so well served us in the past.
They are not to be undermined or
subverted; they are to be upheld and
---- "talned with wisdqm and resolu
Dr. Montague said that the Domln
ioa had tried all forms of trade rela
Utons, from reciprocity to free trade.
All theme have been dropped in fa
vor of protection. Since the time
when protection was firmly establish
ed the country has seen more pro.
perity than ever before. The speaker
pointed out that today the policy of
Canada is to allow to come in free
all the necessities of life, but to main
tain and protect its own industries
against the world.
"I come here to tell you," contin
ued Mr. Montague, "that no govern
ment could exist in Canada today that
does not maintain the system of pro
tection of Canada's industries."
Mr. Montague then took up the sub
ject of reclproclty between Canada
and the United States. He sad:
"We have tried at varlom times
to secure a reciproolty treaty and
theft attempts failed. Now the condl
tions have changed. The United
Slttes is developlag the gat fields
of the west, and you have large ship
mints of agricltrsl produta. Can
ada I8 manufacturing pmeuts for her
own people and is trying also for a
"Is Canada today there is no party
or no politician who is aiitating for
reciprocity, and there is 'no great de
sire for it."
Mr. Long said: "The simple key
to this whole puzzle do the protective
tarlff, constructing its 'prlnciples not
narrowly nor with partiality, but lib
wrally and for general -elfare, is from
the word adjustment'--the adjust
ment of the schedule to the needs of
the time, dhttting at rTesonable In
tervals as they dhfft.
"We aready have With Canada the
reciproclty of geoI WIll, of mutual re
spedt man mutual consciousness of our
monmon obligations for the welfare
of the continent ,of Whlch we two aw
so large a part. And whenever, wher
ever, lby more liberal uade relations
ma 'by mutual give and take tart!
conewdions, Whidh haill not impair
the general inidustrial and commet
Seldl tnterests of the other side, the
•gemrIl 'Interests can be conserved
man prlmoted, we are for reciprocty
in t+tst respet the."
Republicans Celebrated Victory at'
:Ntw Yrk '.ast Week.
.New York, Dec. 1-Seven hundaed
Ropubllcans .attended the Jubilee din
nor given last night at the Waldorf-'
Astoria in honor of tue victory of
President Roosevelt .and Vice Presi
dent Firbanks. .President Roosevelt
sent his regrets, as did also George Z.
Cortelyou, chairman of the national
Senator .Fairbanks made a brale
speech, leaving early to take a train
for Boston. Senator Scott, of West
Virginia, in a brief address, said that
the Republicans went before the coun
try upon the present conditions of
the country and should now let well
'If we revise the tariff we make an
apology to the country we don't owe,"
ADMIRAL "DAVIS NAMED.
Dewey.Preferred Not to be Apopina.l
%Washington, Nov. 30.-The Presi
dent announced today that Rear Ad
miral Charles Davis will be olffed
the apopintment on the Dogger bank
court of inqui y.
.Count Cassini, of the Russian em
hassy. and Sir Mortimser Durand, the
British ambassador, who were at the
state department toda), were inform
ed of the selection.
Rear .Admtal .Davis was promoted
to ;the grade .oT rear admiral August
24, 1904, and was selected recently
by Secretary Morton to command a
division of the battleship squadron of
the North Atlantic fleet. He complet
ed 4 3yeare' service in the navy yester
day, having been appointed to the nas
.al academy from Massachusetts in
18i1. :He commanded the converted
,cruiser pxlie in the war with Spain.
and was engaged in blockade duty off
the coast of Cuba. For a number of
years he was superintendent of the
sa_ºm mbservatory at Washington.
Admiral Davis speaks French flu
ett- and this, with his knowledge of
international and .maritime law, com
meaded him to Secretary Morton, on
whose recommendation the selection
was made. He is a brother-in-law of
Snater Loge, of Massachusetts.
K6S OPPRRS PRIZES.
Mining rgiuesr Offers Enmurage- (
nmat to Emayhlts. t
Bozean, Dec. 2.-A prize of $80 f
for the best eagineering essay and at
second prise of $10 ·ir the next best I
essay. was offered yesterday by the I
Hon. E. W. King, of tils place, t: the f
College Englaeers' soCiety.
The subject of the today Is to be
"The Engineering Possibilities of GCIl- I
gatin County Fmom as Investe"'s c
Standpoint" The offer was made 4' "
Mr. King at the close of an address I
delivered yesterday before the society 6
at the request of the mmnbers. Mr.
Kisg gave a strongly praoral talk as a
the quallflcations of an engineer, and I
r'sed his hearers to equip Gemselves a
breadly and thoroughly to take high I
.,teadng in their cbogen pswfession. t
He dwelt particularly on the necesslty 1
for a wide business training and for
accurate and economical work. Not I
only the man'who could plan for the I
best amthod in the working, but the t
one who could do the work thedreap- t
eat in the long run.
He gave many telling Illustrations 1
of success or failure. After the elose
of the address the society unanimous- c
ly extended its thanks to Mr. King I
for his address and his gift of the two I
IDAHO'S MAJORITY. I
Neighbor State Gave Roosevelt a i
Boise, Idaho, Dec. 2.-The state I
board has canvassed the returns of c
the election. The figures are as fol
lows: Roosevelt. 47,783; Parker, 18,
4-0; Debs, 4.949; Swallow, 1.013; Wat- I
son, 353; Roosevelt's plurality, 29.- t
303. For congress-French, Rep.. 44.- I
813; Clay. Dem., 20.146; French's plu
rality. 24,867. For governor--Good
lng, Rep., 41.887: Heitfeld, Dem.. 24, I
192; Goodlng's plurality, 17.685. Good- c
ing ran about 4,000 behind the remain- i
der of the state tlcket.
Great Exposition Ends in a Blaze of
Glory in the Presence of Im
FRANCIS' FAREWELL ADDRESS
Has Been Engaged for Four Years is
Fair Promotion and Calls It HMa
St. Louis, Dec. 1.-The Loeisana
Purchase expositlon has e.d. It
passes Into history as probably 'hav
Ing comprised the most reprlsestative
collection of the resouws, ilaustrles,
art, peoples and customs of the world
ever assembled. From the iaceptlon
of a project to hold am espositlon to
fittingly commemorate the one hun
dredth annversary of the pardhase of
Louisiana territory, ntil the .portals
were thrown open and the world was
nlvited to enter, oocupied seven years.
The duraties of the eposltIon has
beesn even months, and during that
time nothing has u urmed :to throw
a dampeninl efect en the Interest or
to detmct from the espostion In any
any. The best srdar has bee main.
taised thsroumgat aom less of life has
occurred duriag the exposition from
accidents. The man probably most
mromineatly oImnw in connection with
the wrld's fair is Pesident David IL
F.eascl, and it was deemed fitting that
the hnal day should be designated as
"Francis Day" n .his honor.
"Fraacis Day" in his honor.
"This expotsiion has been the work
of my lfe," said President Francis.
"It has monsumed m.y .entire time for
the past !our years, but every hour
has been an hour of pleasure to me."
The closing exercises were held at
the base of the Lousiana Purchase
monument, in the plas of St. Louis,
where were held seven umonths ago the
exercises that formally opened the
gates to the world. There was cheer
ing, but it was the cheering of final
leave taking and not the spontaneous
outburst of enthusiasm. The princi
pal speeches were delivered by Gov
etnor Dockery, of Missouri, and Pres
Mayor Wells spoke briefly and in
troduced Governor Dockery, who said
"In bidding farewell to the world's
fair. I want to pay a tribute to the
kindly feeling expressed toward this
exposition by the president of the
.United States. In execution of the
duties in connection with this expo
sition we have been Americans and
not partisans. We have united in do
ing everything possible to contribute
toward its success, and the president
has shown unqualified interest
"What lesson do we learn from this
'world's tanr? .1 learned the lesson
long ago that the United States is the
largest known power in the world to
day. It is no longer .% 4uestion-the
United States ia a world power, and
.1 want it to continue an enlarging
power. "The St. Loutes exposition takes
a long stride toward that conquest of
the seas of which I now warn the na
tions. 'We ,do not intend to send our
warships, but we do intend to send
our merchant ships, and we will con
test on the seas for the trade of the
world. We are going to whip in com
mnerce if no other way. After this ex
Iosition will come a better under
standing among the nations, which I
trust will result in peace that is uni
The introduction of President Fran
cis was greeted with an ovation of
~heering. When quiet was restored,
"The results of this work cannot be
adequately measured by the beauty of
its landscapes, the grace of its buird
lags, the comprehensiveness df its ex
hibits, the intelligence of its congress
es. the elegance of its social features,
nor by the inet4able pleasures conferr
ed on its patrons. but time will be re
quired to demonstrate that Uie
thought and the labor and the scrl
flees that have ientered into it were
not Ill-advisedly bestowed. The c'm
pensatlom will continue to flow for at
least a generation to come. Its iflu
ence will he f.t ai d aprpeclalet in
widening circles as years go by.
"It is a credit for any state to have
had such a gathterig within its hnw
ders and a glory to any city to bav.
been the seeme of saud an assemblage.
It has brought all coumtries closer to
dether, and has elevated the world.
"Those who have been engaged is
the work will never cease to look back
1o it with pride. Al lho have shar
ed in the spirit of the undertaking
have had their views enlightened.
their tastes cultivated a4d their sym
paobles broadened. The millions of
visitors who have entered these gates
hare by their presenvv repaid this
band of workers and let us hope have
taken many pleasant recolkltions of
"The distinguished guests which we
have entertained have by their words
of encouragement and msalfestations
of interest, lightened our labors and
incited us to renewed efforts. All who
have come have contributed toward
the consummation of an understand
ing upon which this splurge of peo
pie at the end of the task stamps the
approval of the people of St. Laots
-- . fl.. .IItmlad r
"May this enterprise with which we
have been connected for nearly set
en years past bring into closer broth.
erhood all the nations and all the peo
ples who have participated in it. May
it deepen our patriotlm. *May it
strengthen our love for a benign Prov
idence that smiles upon us."
After the cheering following Presi
dent Francis' speech had diet away,
beautiful silver services, as tokens of
esteem from the exposition manage.
ment, were given to Mr. Francis and
Treasurer William H. T'ompson.
Promptly at 4 o'lock all the grcat
exhibit palaces were closed and visit
ors were excluded. In the palace of
agriculture onslaughts were made on
many of the exhibits where the sHet
tings were composed of straw and
fragile material and for a Ilie demiol
ishment was threatened, bMu prompt
action in effecting a general 'jectm, nt
put a stop to the threaten I turmoli.
As the night drew on thongs (con
centrated in the main a\leann to
view for the last time the anifnlncent
electric Illumination. One bsoil st lealn
of humanity swept through the pike
from end to end. The spirit of revel
ly was there. Never since the open
ing had more enlivenment been shown
at night on the grounds.
Steadily the white electric bulbs sil
houeted the exhibit palaces against
the night, periodlically the Illumination
of the terrace of sttai surmounting
festival hall changed from white to
red, then to green and then back to
white. Over Agricultural knoll the
great floral clock clicked off the min
utes of the departing pageant. And
in the night rang out the tone of the
massive bell as the midnight hour was
tolled by the great clock. Instantly
a hush seemed to pervade the entire
grounds. The glowing electric bulbs
slowly began dimming, the pulsations
of the great engines that drove the
cascades gradually died down. The
light faded steadily, diminishing until
but a faint glow was perceptible. Sud
denly there was darkness. and the
Louisiana Purchase exposition had
passed into history.
A brief, but impressive ceremony
held at the base of the Louisiana Pur
chase monument coneluded the world's
fair at midnight. President D. R.
Francis ,accompanied by a number of
the officials of the exposition, congre
gated in the impromptu rostrum.
With the words "hFrewell, a long
farewell to Ill your greatness," Pres
ident Franeis touched a small lever
and Instantly the iilumlastions all
throughout the greounds eased. The
exposition was at san ed.
St. Iouis, Dec. 1.--Whle it will be '
impossible to obtai the actual re
ceipts sad expemdit rus of the Louis
lana Purchase expeluties eompay be
fore the middle of December, Secre
tary Walter B. Steiwas, of the world's "
fair, made the followlag statement to
the Asociated Press teolht:
"From reports that have bea sub
mitted of the admissmaos to the
grounds up to 9 o'clock tonight. we
estimate that the att ce on Fran
cis day will be a few thousand i ea- c
cess of 200,000 and that the attend- 1
ance for the expositiea aelod will be
in the nelghberhood of 1L800,000.
"In mmad numbers the expositIon a
company has expeaded $22,000,000
since the nceptioan of the world's fair
project, aei the expme uistt of the
several states and territories have
reached a total of $,.000,000. The re
ceipts since the openisg any, April 3.
have amounted to about $110,00.0,0), I
consisting of admissions and conces- I
sion moyaties. But in addition to i
these receipts were the funds, amount
ing to albut $12,000,000 raised by sub
scription and appropriation, to build
"While it is impossible to state ex
actly the Anancial condition of the
expositlkm company on this, the clon
lag day. it tan he authoritatively stat
ed that all debts againhi the company
have been paid, with the exception of
a few cuaent accounts, salaries, etc.,
and this .it is thought, will consume
nearly all the surplus, so that there
will oaly be a very small amount left
for the stookholders."
insie Inn laid.
t81. IAmis, Dec. 3.-The inside Inn,
the hotel located within the world's
fair grounds, was sold today to a Bt.
louis copany for $90t,0o. T.ne pur
chase price Includes the furnishings.
The hotel cost $450t.000. The work of
uemolishlag the building began to
One Pleads Guilty and Others Offer No
Defne in Land Frauds.
Portland, Ore., Dec. ::.-Prolific in
surprises and sensations as have beet I
the developments in the land fratiud
cases, none was prepared for the cli
maxes of today.
By far the most imn.prtant, both be
cause of its unexpeteodltss and lw
cause of the moral effett it is almost
certain to have an the jury, was the
request of Deftdaat Frank Wolga
mot, through his altorney, for leave
to withdraw his plea of "not wuilt.1."
and be allowed to plead guilty to the
crime of conspiracy as cfarged. Judge
Ielllnger took the matter rader ad
Almost equally uaexpected was the
request on the part of 5pBDclal Pros.
cutor E. J. Henri that an order of ac
qdlttal be issued In the case of Mai it
L. Ware, on the ground th:~n the pros
ecution did not believe that she. ac
cording to the evidence. had hceli
iproved guilty of aiding ;ite present
Of hardly less surprise was the an
,nouncelnent not nmr' thlan 20 mm
,tes after the go.,rnm.tIuEi had con,.
pIeted its case, by the ldefense, that
1t vested and that lth. q.a., was rea ly
fear argument by counsel.
BUILDINGS ALL SOLD.
BUILDINGS ALL SOLD.
Chscagl Firm Will Tear Down
World's Fvtw Structures.
fM. l*ule. De. 4,- It ;.. stated to
day thst a contra"t for th, -ale of the
11 big exhibit pslasf"'. -',k barns,
festival ball. the ea lnald,, at states,
pav·lboas. aerodomel. 1,ln;. hospital.
press building, )poll(" "hlI li't, stations.
with other World's fair .,' l tltires that
cost $15.6.0t,oit will he -:lented this
week with a (hiratr' ro,i.lany for
$386,000. Everythinte ,**t' p' the rol
ling stock of thi Ilntr.nlllta:l railway,
which has befen soal s,.ipartely. is
included. The t.t;atl. f-In ;:nt and Pike
bullgings are Incinhlowl n, 0hI' detl.
Chronic Catarrh Cured.
Your druggist abtstt,, "'laranltee
ea9selns catarrh .r,', ' i, ant y case
of catarrh and he :A finfiud your
moe.y where it fall t,, ,''Ir- any case
of chronic cat;trrhl. I,, r of, how
long standing. (On u ,p';'I .tln gives
ease and rest. It1nI n 11- .tarrh cure
contains no nar''t' ,tl I the only
c.tarrh cure vlhl lr p .-i.tve guar
antee. Bunsen'R tcatarll (I IIr; no cure
no Pay. Pric (n' Il'. 'or sale by
Wilson & McKethnip .
Siege of Port Arthur Continues Una.
bated, Japs Steadily But Slowly
BLACK SEA FLEET IS NEEDED
Tokio Officials Becoming Angry, Al.
leging Persistent Violations of
London, Dec. 6.-A dispatch from
Che Foo on December 6th to the Daily
Heavy firing continues at Port Ar
thur today. The Japanese are making
most determined and persistent efforts
to capture the northern forts."
Toklo, Dec. 6.-Popular sentiment
regarding the question of the assist
ance which neutral powers are griving
to the vessels of the Russian second
Pacific squadron, which heretofore has
been repressed, is now growing more
acute, and newspapers are voicing the
demand for determined action by the
Apparently much will depend on the
course of events whe. the Russian
warships arrive in Oriental waters.
IU the squadron shall have been por*
witted to exceed a fair construction
of neutrality it Is probable that Japan
will consider herself under no oullga
ions to observe neutrality and nay
s..ad her fleet aftcr the Russians into
!,erts the neutrality of which she be
.Ieves the Russians are violating.
If the Russians seize a base in ncu.
tral territory, Japan will probably a,
liiewise, should urgency demand such
Japan is keenly anxious to avoid
cumapUcations, but she will forcefull)
Insist upon what she considess hel
Preparations for meeting the Rue
sian warshps are proceeding on a mosi
)I etensive scale.
.Claim Jape Were Repulsed.
St. Petersburg. Dec. 5, 2:00 a. m.
Neither the admirallty nor the wa
office is able to confirm the repor
[iom Che Foo, that the Japanese have
been unable to hold 203-Metre hill, bu
this news is quite in accordance watt
SLxpectatlons. Experts here are con
vinced that the capture of 203-Metre
I hill will be of no advantage to the Jap
unese unless they can gain possesslo:
of the neighboring forts.
May Send Black Sea Fleet.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 2.-With the
confirmation of the news that the Ja
panese have occupied 203-Metre hill,
and the report that the Russians un
successfully attempted its recapture,
officials at the war office are begin
ning to prepare themselves for the
inevitable. Golden Hill and L.iao Ti
hill are higher and dominate 203-Me
Ire hill, but the officials say that if
the Japanese succeeded in mounting
heavy guns up the latter it probably
will be only a question of days or
weeks before the fortress falls.
Still there is not the slightest idea
among General 8toessel a friends that
lie will surrender, even if he should
bi- ordered to do so. it is pointed out
that it is I ssihible that if the fall of
the tortress is shown to be inevitable
tlhe emperor may direct its surrender
in order to prevent the unnecessary
sacrifice of the remnant of its brave
de:fenders; but it is believed by those
wlho know Gene-ral Stoessel best, that
he will make good his threat to hold
out to the last man and last cartridge
in Port Arthur.
The ships in the harbor, it can now
be stated on high authority, are in no
condition to attempt to break through
the investing squadron. The guns of
lthe warships were long ago landed,
and the marines and sailors have been
participating in the land defense.
Some of the, ships also have been iu
Jured by shells. If the fortress falls,
it is understood that the ships will
he taken outside and sunk in deep
water in order to prevent the possi
hility of their ever being of service
to the enemy.
The question of the advisability of
reinforc:ing Vice Admiral Rojestven
Sk.ý's squadron with the Black Sea
h set.l, again being agitated by horme
oJ thet paaers, notably the Novioe Vrt
mya. which points out that with the
addilitlm of the Black Sea vessels Ro
jesivenasky will have a slleriorily
whiie will Insure viclory over Adnmr
.ai Tu.o s fleet. The Novo. Vrenmya
calls attention to the f.ct that Japan
was n'M one of the signatories of the
Ireaty closing the Dardaelles., and
asserts that if Japan had the. Iower
she might force an entranoe into the
h.lark sea and engag- the Russian
flet(. Conersely. the papers contin
ue, with the consent of the portle, there
is nothing In the treaty to Iprecsnt
the xi' of the Black sea fleet t t ight
'tome power which is in no wise in
solved In the treaty. It is argued
that Great Britiin is the only power
whlich might attempt to make trouble
over the juncture of the, two fleets.
The project was warmly advoc'ated by
some officers of the admirally before
the war, but it never was sanctionedl.
and the admiralty dot s not admit that
any pressure Is hbeIla: xe'rcised to so
rlure the consent of Ithe plsrt, for the
passage of Dardanelles by the Black
Toklo. Dec. 1. 10 a. m.-The Im
perial army headquarters anoncees
that the .Japanese troops besieging
Port Arthur area In iossession of 203
meter hill. The following dispatch
has been given outl
"The army conutienced a hombard.
meat against 203-meter hill at dawn
November 30, and made several
charges before 4 o'clock in the after
0oon. At 5 o'clock in the afternoon
a force advanced against the south
eastern portion of the hill, made a
fierce charge and reached within 30
meters of the summit. At 7 o'clock
with reinforcements we charged to the
top, which was occupied by our forces.
Against the northeastern part of the,
h111ll we again charged, and at 8 o'clock
the uentire fort on the summit fell into
our hands. The Russians left heaps
of dead bodlies on the eastern side of
the hill, but we have had no time to
Guns Command Port Arthur.
Toklo, Nov. ;". I0 p. m.-Imperial
headquarters tmad thet following an
"Our forces operating against 203
meter hill advanced at to o'clock to
day front trenches already captured
near the summit of the hill, and are
now struggling for the southeastern
portion of the fort on thel. summit.
"A fierce battle was raging at 7
CONGRESS IN SESSION.
Great Floral Display in Both Houses
No Business First Day.
Washington, Ifec. b.-With the sein
ate in session 13 minutes and the,
house 53 minutes the last sehsson of
the Flfty-eighth congress was assent
bled today. The time of both bodies
was devoted entirely to the usual for
malities of opening (lay. There werle
the greetings between members, the
great floral display ann the hundreds
of visitors, with beautifully gowned
women predominating. Corridors. conm
mittee rooms and cloak rooms were
The gavels of Senator Frye. presi
dent pro tem of the senate, and Speak
er Cannon of the house, fell exactly
at 12 o'clock. The opening prayers
were made by the chaplains, with
Rev. I)r. Edward Everett Hale in the
senate and Rev. H. N. Couden, tn the
In both the senate and the houste the
committees were apopinted to wait up
on the president and Inform him that
congress was ready to recel.tc any
communcation he had to send. Ileso
lutions of respect to the memory of
tile late Senator Hoar, of Massach
setts, and Senator Quay, of Pennsy -
vania, were adopted by both houses,
and the adjournment taken was in
further tribute to their memory. ThI'
only business outtude of the usuat first
day routine was the adoption of a
;resoluton in the house extending until
January 5, 19(5. the time within
which the merchant marine commis
lson may make its report.
But Do Practically Nothing the First I
Day-Much Red Tape.
Helena. Dec. 5.- -The count of the" I
November vote in Montana. under thet I
direction of the state board of can-
vassers, which began )csterday, Isn
procetedng very slowas. Only one,
(ounty was complcted today, this work t
requiring an hour of the board s time. .
As there are 26 countieas in the state, I
it may easily be ligurcd that at theI
same rate of progrebs as that of yes
terday. the count will consume the
greatel part of the remaind.er of thet
week . It is probable, however. that
alt preliminaries having beetn dlispohted
of, the remainder of the count will
progre.s much more rapidly. Thla
board decided from the start that it a
would check up the addihl ans matd
by the county clerks in making up the"
returnas, taking the vote by precincts,.
to see that no errors had been made a
in the footings. So far no errorshavLe
MOVED THE PRECINCT.
Three Democrats File Contests for
Office in Valley County.
(Great Falls Tribune.)
The removal of the voting place In
precinct No. 9. known as Poplar pre
cinet. Valley county, fromi the school
houlise. detsignataed as thae polling place
lby the hboard of county commission
* rs, to another houllse, half a nmile'
away. Is the princpllal reason for the
tiling of three election contests in that
county. Judges of election in various
precincts are also chargval with mral
conduct and miscondullct In the dis
charge of their official dutles in each
and every voting pr'cinct; that judges
of election threw out and refused to,
count votes for the l)emocratic can-'
didates for the offices of county at
torney, county assessor and sheriff.
Messrs. Ikowning anti Rtxoot, attorneys
of Great Falls. represent the contest
ants In all three cases.
The contestants ask that the re
turns from precinct No. t9 lIe thrown
out of the official count and that the
ballots of the various other precincts
be brought Into court and recounted.
Eugene 1). ('oleman. an elector, in
behalf of Thomas l)ignan. Democrat
Ic candidate for county attorney.(
brings suilt against John J. Kerr. couln
ty attorney on the Republican ticket,
to test his I.gal right to thiat office.
Kerr was elect e.d by a m;ajority of 13
votes. By throwing out precinct No.
9 .or Poplar, where 48 votes were
cast. 41 for Kerr and 7 for 1)lgnau.
an entlra-ly different return will be
made and Dignan will be) the recelv- I
,r of a majority of the votes, electing
him to the office.
A Costly Mistake.
Blunders are sometimes very expen
sive. Occasionally life itself Is the
price of a mistake. But you'll nel er
be, wrong if you take Dr. King's New
Life Pills for Dyspepsia. Dizziness,
Hleadache.. Liver or Bowel troubles.
They are, gentle yet thorough. 25c at
Deizell I)rug Co. Bu.
To Protect Forest Reserve.
United States Attorne.y Carl Rasch
has bet.un an actlion in the federal
court against the Martinsdale Sheep
compan. and W. A. Brown. to secure
an injunction against the defendants.
prohibiting them from grazing sheep
on the L.iitl, I.elt mountains forest re
serve. Nir. Hasch sets iout that in Oc
tober of this yea:r, in violation of law.
the ;l*!ef tdalnts droe.t haband of L.O0lt
sheep upon the resere' and that the
animals have done, and are still do
Ing great dam:age there-. The hearing
on application for an injunction is set
for January 6th of next year. This
company Is loratedI near Martinsdale
and run a large ntimber of sheep.
William Cordon, well known as a Fer
gus county sheep man, is a stock holdl
er in this company.
Range Cattle Men Have Found Ma
ket This Year Little Better Than
Low Level of 1903.
ALL THE 'CONDITIONS AVERSE
Strike Seriously Affected Market and
Later Great Run of Poor Cattle
Kept Prices Down.
The range cattle season for 1904 Is
practically over and from now on but
tvw if any cattle will be shipped to
('hic ago from Montana ranges. While
the. av*erage prices this fall were
;t,,,lt t1h same as a year ago stl.l
hoIi, were 70,00oo head more stock
i;pllip'i from the ranges than durlug
it ~;,n priodl twelve months ago.
'Ii,, total rec'iplts for the season were
";.,.,, .cad, while the average price
was $.0,3. The Chicago Drovers'
Jourll'nal, which has prepared a review
io the lainge cattle trade for the. aca
"In a few days, perhaps a week, or
even later, the western brand inspec.
tors here will ride into the pens and
"tally" the range cattle of the sea
son of 19o4. but these few remaining
arriva s will have but little bearing
on the season and ats general condi
tions. The range cattle season is vir
tually over, and sales of any note are
now matters of history. To say that
the s.ason has been one of prosperity
for owners would be untrue, but as
compared with last year the gener
al trade has ruled better, though con
siderably less profitable than two
't arm ago.
"Rangemen's expectations of high
prices this year have come to nausht,
Sas regards the anticipated prosperity
of the suanon s operations, and in
stead of prosperity following in the
wake of last season's low prices, this
wear'h tesults have proved but little
nmore satisfactory than the former.
"'(;,neral conditions have been aver
se to rangemen's interests practically
front the beginning to the end of the
s;..ason. At the start the strike at all
4 markets, the worst effects of which
,.r.ere felt at Chicago. from which :ity
the laiotr war was carried on, marred
'lhancih of obtaining a very satisfac
tory scalh of prices, and to the end
the whole trade has been a disappolnt
"T're excessive runs of common
,tId thin native cattle in the past few
t llonth;A have competed very strongly
I ',h range offerings, while the great
I s ar ity of old corn in nearly all see
tins of the feeding belt reduced the
t demand for feeding cattle to a very
considerable extent, and this source
of outlet, which is usually relied upon
;. y rangemen. has been narrow, and
it a comparatively small eastern de
L nand has also hurt selling of the
Statistics on Market.
"Marketing for the year thus far
has totaled 267,000, and a conserva
r tive estimate on receipts for the few
I malaining days of the season is put at
12.lo0m head, making approximately
S279.o00 for the whole season. against
S209,0,,0, In 1903. 309,300 in 1902. 140,
1 500, in 111 191 14,90, in 1900 and 183,
S71oo In 1k99.
"This year's receipts, with the ex
Scl,,ption of arrivals two years ago.
e lhen the high prices then prevailing
t ;simulatedl shipping of praltically a;l
s stock of Imarketable age, was the larg
I (st since' the banner year in the his
- tor'y oif the trade-that of 18!5, when
h 4 total of 430.t500 was received at Chl
"Since that year receipts have been
n thy. decline, the minimum being
i.ached in 1901, when only 140,500 ar
Iv.,l. Many big outfits have since
iquidated their holdings, and while
he' "big men" were powers in the
ange cattle industry in former years,
the smaller ranchmen have in late
.ears wben growing, while the erst
whileh "cattle kings" have been retir
ing. The, vast ranges of former years
are fast being cut up Into smaller
Iracts. occupied by owners of lessar
bized herds of better quality.
"The fololwing statistics on the
trade for 1914 are interesting:
"Range of prices, steers, $2.25 to $5.
i;,: range of prices, cows and heif
i'rs. $1.75 to $3.91; range of prices,
rifeeders. $2.25 to $3.65; average price
for year. $3.65; average price for
19a3. $3.65: average price, record year,
19l3. $4.95; largest month's receipts,
t)caber. 93,osu; smallest month's re
eclpts. August, 47,000.
Range Being Curtailed.
"The eastern and cota belt farmers
have moved in to the range country,
taken up the business of cattle grow
Ing on a more systematic basis, and
whe.re many hundreds of acres formet
ly supported a few head. the same
number now accommodates smaller
herds. These new and up-to-date
rangemen have become haygrowers
as well as cattlemen, and many now
depend upon this crop of winter feed
to keep cattle in shape during the
r,Id months, and thus bring them
through in better condition, while hav
lng herds which take on flesh more
rendily In the summer months.
"The whole business is undergoing
a change, and the better conditions
now ruling in the range country would
's,,em to be merely the forerunners of
.hat is to come in later years. Im
,rovement is the order of the age., and
the range cattle industry is receiving
roil attention from the progressive
men now populating the range coun
try. They realize that in a few mote
ears much of the lands formerly giv
en over to cattle grazing will become
irrigated farms ,on which will be
grown various grains and other feeds,
ICnnttnued nn nrem nine 1