Newspaper Page Text
TheChicago Inter Ocean
TheChicago Inter Ocean
PresidentRoosevelt Discusses Affairs at Home and^Abroad^Will Submit Special Message with De^^partment Review of the Colorado Strike.
Washington,Dec. 6.^The message^of the president, delivered to congress^today, is In part as follows:^To the Senate and House of Repre^^sentatives:
Thenation continues to enjoy note^^worthy prosperity. Such prosperity^is of course primarily due to the high^Individual average of our citizenship,^taken together with our great natur^al resources; but an important fac^^tor therein is the working of our long-^continued governmental policies. The^people have emphatically expressed^their approval of the principles un^^derlying these policies, and their de^^sire that these principles be kept sub^^stantially unchanged, although of^course applied in a progressive spirit^to meet changing conditions.^Caution Against Extravagance.
Theenlargement of scope of the^functions of the national government^required by our development as a na^^tion involves, of course, increase of^Expense; and the period of prosperity^through which the country Is passing^justifies expenditures for permanent^improvements far greater than VMM^be wise in hard times. Battleships^and forts, public buildings, and Im^^proved water ways aie Investments^which should be made wnen we have^the money; but abundant levenucs^r.nd a laige surplus always invite ex^travagi,nee, and constant care should^be taken to guard against unneces^^sary increase of the ordinary expenses^of government. The cost of doing^povernment business should be regu^lated with the same rigid scrutiny^as the cost of doing a private busi^^ness.
Inthe vast and complicated mechan^^ism of our modern civilized life the^dominant note is the note of indus^^trialism; and the relations .of capi^^tis and labor, and especially of organ^^ized capital and organzied labor, to^teach other and to the public at large,^come second in importance only to the^intimate questions of family life. Our^peculiar form of government, with its^fharp division of authority between^the nation and the several slates, has^been on the whole far more advan^^tageous to our development than g^strongly centralized government. But^it is undoubtedly i (-sponsible for much^of the difficulty ol meeting with ade^quale legislation the new problems^presented by the total change in in^ilustrial conditions on this contineat^during the last half century. In actual^practice it has proved exceedingly dif^^ficult, and in many cases impossible,^to get unanimity of wise action among^the various states on these subjects.^From the very nature of the case this^is especially true of the laws affecting^the employment of capital in nuge^masses.
Withregard to labor, the problem^is no less important, but it is simplei.^As long as the states retain the pri^^mary control of the police power the^circumstances must be altogether ex^^treme which require interference by^the federal authoiities. whether in the^way of safeguarding the rights of la^^bor or In the way of seeing that wrong^is not done by unruly persons who^shield themselves behind the name of^labor. If there is lesislance to the^federal courts interference with the^mails or Interstate commerce, or mo^^lestation of federal property, or it the^state authorities in some crisis which^they are unable to face call for help,^then the federal government may in-^teifere; but though such interfeience^may be caused by a condition of^things arising out of tioubie connect^^ed with some question of labor, the^interference itself simply takes the^form of restoring order without re^^gard to the questions which have^caused the breath of order^for to^keep order is a primary duty and In^a time of disorder and violetice all^other questions sink into abeyance un^^til order has been restored. In the^District of Columbia and in the terri^^tories (he federal law covers the en^^tire field of government; but the la^^bor question is only acute in populous^centers of commerce, manufactures,^or mining. Nevertheless, both in the^enactment and in the enforcement of^law the federal government within^its restricted sphere should set an ex^^ample to the state government!;, es^pecially in a matter so vital as this^affecting labor. I believe that undei^modem industrial conditions it is of^^ten necessary, and even where uot^necessary it is yet often wise, that^there should be organization of labor^In order better to secure the righis^of the individual wage-worker. All^encouragement should be given to any^F.uch organization, so long as it Is^conducted with a due and decent re^^tard for the rights of others. Then^ure in this country some labor un^Ions which have habitually, and other^labor unions which have often, been^among the most effective agents in^working for good citizenship and for^uplifting the condition M those whose^welfare should be closest to our^hearts. But when any iabor union^reeks improper ends, or seeks to^achieve proper ends by improper^means, all good citizens and more^especially all honorable public serv^^ants must oppose the wrong-doing as^resolutely as they would oppose the^wrong-doing of any great corporation.^Of course any violence, brutality, or^corruption, should not for one mo^^ment be tolerated. Wage-workers
ravean entire right to organize and^t^y all peaceful and honorable means^to endeavor to persuade their fellows^to join with them in organizations.^They have a legal right, which, ac^^cording to circumstances, may or ma)^not be a moral right, to refuse to work^in company with men who decline to^Join their organizations. They have^under no circumstances the right to^commit, violence upon those, whether^capitalists or wage-workers, who re^fuse to support their organizations, or^^vho side with those with whom they^are at odds; for mob rule is intoler^^able in any form.
Unionsof Government Employes.^There is no objection to employes^cf the government foiming or belong^ing to unions; but the government^can neither discriminate against MM^union men who are in Its employ^ment ,or who seek to be employed^under it. Moreover, it is a very grave^impropriety for government employes^to band themselves together for the^purpose of extorting improperly high^salaries from the government. Espec^^ially is this true of those within the^classified service.
Bureauof Labor.^Much can be done by the govern^^ment in labor matteis merely by giv^^ing publicity to certain conditions.^The bureau of labor has done excel^lent work of this kind in many differ^^ent directions. I shall shortly lay be^^fore you in a special message (he full^report of the investigation of the bu^^reau of labor into the Colorado niin-^'ug strike, as this is a strike in which^certain very evil forces, which are^more or less at work everywnere un^^der the conditions of modern indus^^trialism, became startliugly promi^^nent. It is greatly to be wished thai^the department of commerce and la^bor, through the iabor bureau, should^compile and arrange for the congress^a list of the labor laws of the various^states, and should be given the means^to investigate and repon to the coii-^groOO upon the iabor conditions in^the nianufae luring and mining regions^throughout the coiintr.-, bo^h as to^wages, as to hours of labor, as to^the labor of women and children, ami^as to ,he effect in the vaiious laooi^centers of immigration from ahicaci.^ir. this investigation especial atten^^tion should be paid to the conditions^if child labor and child labor legis^^lation in the several states, auth an^investigation must necessarily take^into account many of the probUma^with which this question of chiid la-^hflf is connected. These problems on^be actually met, in niwrt cases, only^by the states themselves; but the lack^ol proper lcgUlation in one state ir^such a nintter as child labor oft^ n^renders it excessively difficult lo es^^tablish ptotective restriction upon the^work in another state having the same^ineiusiiics, so that tlie worst tends to^drag down the better.
Whenwe come to deal wilh greal^corporations the need for the govern^^ment to act directly is far greater^than in the case of labor, because^i,reat corporations can become such^only b^ engaging in interstate com^^merce, and interstate commerce is pe^^culiarly the Held of the general gov^^ernment. It is an absurdity to ex^^pect to eliminate the abuses in ureal^corporations by state action. It is^difficult to be patient with an argu^^ment that such matters should be left^to the slates., because more than one^slate pursues the policy of creating on^easy terms corporations which are^never operated within that state at^all. but in other states whose laws^they ignore. The national govern^^ment alone can deal adequately with^these great corporations. To try to^deal with them in an intemperate,^destructive, or demagogic spirit would,^in all probability, mean that nothing^whatever would be accomplished, and.^with absolute certainty, that If an^-^tliing were accomplished it would be^al a harmful nature. The American^people need to continue to show the^very qualities that they have shown^^that is, moderation, good sense, the^earnest desire to avoid doing any dam-^ape, and yet the quiet determination^to proceed, step by step, without halt^and without hurry, in eliminating or^at least in minimizing whether of Mia-^(hief or of evil there is to the inter^^state commerce in the conduct of^great corporations. They are acting in^no spirit of hostility to wealth, eith^^er individual or corporate. They aie^not against the rich man any more^than against the poor man. On the^contrary, they are friendly alike to^^ward rich man and toward poor man.^provided only that each acts in a spit-^it of justice and decency loward his^'eliows. Great corporations aie nec^^essary .and only men of gieat and^singular mental power can manage^such corporations successfully, and^such men must have great towards.^But these corporations should be man^^aged with due regard to the inten d^of the public as a whole. Where Jul^can be done under the pre.icnt law^it must be done. Where these laws^(nine ,in^rt otle-rs should be euatud^to supplement them.
Thebureau of corporations has^made careful preliminary Investiga-^lion of many important corporations^it will maKe a special report on the^1 eef Industry.
Thepolicy of the bunau Is to ac^foinpKsh the purposes of ita cieation^ty co-operation, not antagonism, by^making constructive legislation, not^lestructive prosecution, tne immediate^object ol its inquiries; by cor.sciva-^tive investigation of law and fact, and^by refusal to issue incomplete and^hence necessarily inaccurate reports^Ita policy thus being one of open in
r.ulryinto, and not attack upon, busi^^ness, the bureau has been able to^gain not only the confidence, but, bet^^ter still, the co-operation ot men en^^gaged in legitimate business.
Thebureau offers to the congress^the means ot getting at (lie cost of^production of our vaiious glial stap^^les of commerce.
Thebusiness of insurance vitally^gffecti ihe great mass .^i the people^o' Hi,' I'nited Slates and is national^and not local in Its application. It^nvohi-s a Multitude of 11ansae!ions^r lining the people of different slates^and net ween American companies am'^Bon Igjg governments. I urge lhal the^congress carefully consider whelhi'-^the power of the bureau of corpora^tions can not constitutionally be ex^tended to cover Intel slate transactions^in insurance.
Aboveail else, we must strive to^keep the highways of commerce open^to all on equal terms; and to do this^.t is necessary lo put a complete stop^'0 all iebate8. Whether the shlppei^or the railroad is to blame makes no^difference; the rebate must be stop^^ped, the abuses of the private car and^the private terminal track and side^^track systems must be slopped, and^the legislation of the Fifty-eighth con^^gress which declares It to be unlaw^^ful for any corporation to offer,^giant, give, solicit, accept or receive^any rebate, concession or discrimtna^tion in respect of the transportation^of any property in interstate or lor-^eign commerce whereby such property^shall by any device whatever be trans^^ported at a less rate than that named^in the tariffs published by the earlier^must be enforced.
Thedepartment of agriculture has^grown into an educational institution^with a faculty of 2,000 specialists^making research into all the sciences^of production. The congress appro^^priates, directly and indirectly, $6,-^i'iin,iioo annually to carry on this^work. It reaches every state and^territory in the Union and the islands^of the sea lately come under our flag.^Co-operation is had with the state ex^^periment stations, and with many^other institutions and indivduals. The^world is carefully searched for new^varieties of grains, fruits, grasses,^vegetables, trees and shrubs suitable^to various localities in our country;^and marked benefit to our producers^has resulted.
Duringthe two and a half years^that have elapsed since the passage^ol the reclamation act rapid progress^has been made in the surveys and ex^^aminations of the opportunities for^reclamation in the thirteen states and^three territories of tho arid west.^Construction has already been begun^on the largest and most important^ol the irrigation works, and plans are^being completed for works which will^UlillM the funds now available. The^operations are being carried on by^the reclamation service, a corps of^engineers selected through competi^^tive civil service examinai ions. This^corps includes experienced consulting^cugucc is as wtdl as various experts^in mechanical and legal matters, and^is composed largely of men who have^spent most of their lives in practical^aftairs connected with irrigation. The^larger problems have been solved and^it now remains to execute wilh care,^economy and thoroughness the woi k^which has been laid out. All Import^^ant details are being considered b^^boards of consulting engineers, se^^lected for their thorough knowledge^and practical experience. Each pro^^ject is taken up on the ground by com^^petent men and viewed from the^standpoint of the creation of prosper^^ous homes and of promptly refuding^lo the treasury the cost of the con^^struction. The reclamation act has^been found to be remarkably complete^and effective, and so broad in its pro^^visions that a wide range of undei-^lakings has been itossible under It.^At the same time economy is guar^anieed by the fact that the funds^^mist ultimately be returned to be^used over again.
Itis the cardinal principle of the^loiesi reserve |^oiiey of this admin-^istraton that the reserves are for use^Whatever interferes with their resotir^ces is to be avoided by every possible^means. But these resources must be^used In such a way as to make them^permanent.
Theforest policy of the government^is Just now the subject of vital in^^terest throughout the west and to the;^people of ihe United Stales in gener^^al. The forest reserves themselves^are of extreme value to the present^as well as to the future welfare of^all lite western public land states.^They powerfully effect the use and^disposal of the public lands. The)^are of special importance because^they preserve the water supply and^the supply of timber for domestic pur^^poses, and so promote settlement un^^der the reclamation act. Indeed, they^are essential to the welfare of ever^-^0M of ihe great interests of the west.
Fore.-,lreserves are created for two^principal purposes. The first is lo^preserve the water supply. This Is^their most important use. The prin^^cipal users of the water thus preserv^^ed are irrigation ranchers and set^^tlers, cities and towns to whom their^municipal water supplies are of the^vi ry first Importance, users and fur^^nishers or water power, and the user.,^of water for domestic, manufactur^^ing, mining and other pur[ioses. All^these are directly dependent upon the^forest reserves.
Thesecond reason for which forest^reserves are created is to preserve^Ihe limber supply for various classes^ol wood users. Among the more im^^portant of these are settlers under^the reclamation act and other acts,^tor whom a cheap and accessible sup-^plv of timber for domestic uses in ab-^solutelv necessary; miners and pros^^pectors, who are in serious danger of^losing their Umber supply by lire or^through export by lumber companies^when limber lands adjacent lo their^mines pass Into private ownership;^lumbermen, transportation companies,^builders and commercial interests In^general.
Theattention of the congress should^be especially given to the currency^question, and that the standing com^^mittees on the matter In the two
INTHE WINTER^WHEAT BELT
ResidentsAre Contesting the Legal^^ity of Final Proof Upon Desert^Land Clairt.
EarlierSettler* Were Ignorant of^Possibilities, But Dry Farming^Hat Proven Remunerative.
thegreatest little spots In the slate^for wheat raising and divei sllted farm^^ing. It is desired by all fair-minded^citizens that the coming contests be^cairied on along I he lines of truth^fulness and to that end we ask thai^the Argus not refuse to publish the^main evidence pro and con.
Hopingthat what I have written^may assist in correcting some erron-^(ous ideas down here, or at lea-i to^cause tile matter to be looked up lo^^M if facts have been corre-i i si.it^ed and that right may pre\ail ' KM^yours truly,
METZGER IS GUILTY.
(Continuedfrom page three.)
Tothe Editor of the Argus
Moore,Mont.. Dtec. ;^ -As there^seems to be quite a bit of contention^and many erroneous ideas concealing^the matter of desert lands In this vi^^cinity, I desire to call attention to^a few facts that may be of Interest^to others, as weH as the settlers on^Ihe Rock creek bench and vicinity.
InIhe first place I will say that the^reclaiming of land b^ actually irri^^gating It, as required by law, is not^always done in other parts of the^county, as well as here; but in most^cases the proposition differs from^that of Ihe Rock creek bench. In^such cases, where the land taken un^^der the desert act it not fit for farm^^ing, the claimant usually pays the^government about all the land is^worth, and on the pait of honest^homeseekers will never be molested.^But here on the bench is a tract of^about 4,u0n acres of good agricultural^land that has been undergoing a^transformation from grazing to that^of farming for a number of vears,^and with the best of results when^farming has been done right, it is^a well known fact that a few ranch^men on the uper end of the bench^went to the trouble ami expense of^irrigating ^eurs ago and all of said^rtnchinen found out afterwards thai^eiops could be raised without irri^^gation, and have continued lrom^ear^lo year lo raise ciops without irriga^^tion, when at the same lime they^had their ditches out and had the^water. Such ranchman, who made^the demonstrations BV in toned, have^lew i been censured for taking up^desert lands during that stage of^adaptation, it is a well known fact^lhat Ihe scanty water of Uock creek^is the only supply for the main putt^of tile bench, and that lis waters^have been covered linn and lime^again by water right ^;. Also anyon ]^could see and und-i sianel the settle^^ment of hoinesii adi is who located in^the Cumniiogs neighborhood some^seven years ago. and have continued^to open up their farms and iai.se^'^ops from ^ear lo year with no a',^lempt lo irrigate.
Sothe settlements continued and^many who held de-art claims relin^quished them to be taken up by home^steaders, and received pay for all Itn^provements and a few hundred be^^sides.
Thereare about forty homesteaders^cn the bench who did not take out^desert claims, and most of thaOO, a::^well as those who come lo look at^the country, contend that there i..^no desert lands hen on the bench.
ThoseIn opposiuoi^ claim different^ly, hence the greal dilrerence of emu^ion.
Now,after this brief description I^v.Ish to say that then- is much ignor^nnce at Hie bottom of all such con^^tention, and that Ihe proper piaee to^find where you are at. Is to go and^inquire at the U. S. land office. But.^judginir Dy the doeirines as you In ai^them expounded, one would thinn^that many do uot t are to be informed.^Probably the main clause governing^this bench land is ihe following ex^^tract from Ihe law, viz:
Landswhich will produce an ag^riculiiiral crop of gay kind In amount^to make Ihe cultivation reasonably^remunerative are noi desert.
Somehad desert claims assigie-d^over to them, while others claim that^they did not know what was required^when they applied. Be that as it^may, ignorance excuses no one leg^ally, while it Might morally, and in^dual proof there CM not be ignor^^ance in what Is sworn to. The appli^^cation blanks all contain the follow^^ing:
Thatsaid land will not, without^artificial Irrigation, produce a c rop of^any kind in amount reaaaaaMy remun^^erative.^ also that It is ^wholly unfit^lor cultivation with-.m artificial irri^^gation,^ and that tin are no lands
inthe vlcinitv of thlat tract that are^occupied bv settler* and cultivated^without artificial ii-;.-aiion.' etc. Tin-^same application eoi/ains a ^noie^which in part read- thai ^any person^swearing falsely to the foregoing affl-^oavlt. or to any t^l ^UtafljanU^therein. Is guiltv of perjury, and will^be punished.^ etc. Tho final proof Is^quite similar to tie application, and^Includes the fact that it has actually^been reclaimed, and thai a pe-rmari.-i.t^water right is owned which is suffi^^cient to keep it thoroughly inigated.
Theresult of the contests now in^question is of ureal interest to all^land owners on th^ ^ch and to the^business In-ere-- of our town o^MOON. If those l-o claims which^are in the central I^n of the heat*^are desert land then a the WtUo-^men. lealaod- ierl md all the former^atatemen.s of thla belBl ^ iBO* ^*^^ter wheat bench to unWat, and^result it could not bo successfu.iv^farmed and the land tott-J^be compelled ion
lowiiric e As it Is, bowever. In is Ihe^low price as i.
opinionof all lion.' ,K^,, f^,m
undertaking''^ :' ^l^ *** ^Tm*-
hatl ie ^lueof lands here is ^et^n is n ancv and thai the farming,^in its imam^ont nuc
|0dswill assist in making thla one of
Oneof the Murderers of Homer Ward^Confesses to the Crime.
Nelhart,Dec. t^.^H. H. Metzger.^one of the two men arrested jesterday^on a charge of having murdered Ho^^mer E. Ward Thanksgiving eve in^Ward's cabin between this place and^White Sulphur Springs, today made^admissions of guilt to the officers hav^^ing him In custody. He practically ad^^mitted, though not in terms, lhat he^lired the shot that killed Ward, but^would not state ills motive for the^c rime.
Headmitted lhat he had an accom^^plice in the assassination, but de^^clared positively that Alex. Oriet, who^was arrested in his company, had no^knowledge of the crime, did not have^any part In it and did not know af^^ter it had been committed that Metz^^ger knew anything of it. The offi^^cers are now Inclined to believe that^Oriet is Innocent, but Ihey are abso^^lutely certain that two men participa^^ted in the crime-, and suspicion has^again been directed toward a miss^^ing man who was suspected when^the crime was first discovered.
BothMetzger and Oriet were to^^day taken over the mountains to^White Sulphur Springs, the county^seat of Ihe county in which ttic min^^der was committed, going over Ihe^load that leads past the scene of the^homicide. Mcdzger was heavily^shackled by the officers, but little at^^tempt was made to curb the freedom^of Oriel's movements, and unless more^evidence against the latter should be^secured, he will probably soon be re^^leased.
EvenIf Metzger had not made damn^^ing admissions today, (lie evidence^against him would In- sufficient lo^bang him. The hat that he was wear^^ing when arrested had bag BOOttlVOly^identified by sevc ral persona as the^one taken from Ward's cabin, and the^identification has been made more^complete by the evidence of a young^boy who was the chum of the mur^^dered man. The rifle and revolver^stolen from Ward have also iieen^positively identified in the possession^of Metzger and baggy two sets of har^^ness that were found In the camp of^Metzger and Oriet wcie positively^identified as the harness taken from^Ward's stable before Ihe MTgOtOM^tired the building.
MotHOI^ has weakened rapidiy ancl^the officers, when they left here, were^confident that he would yet seek^mercy by confessing who was his ac^^complice in the crime. If Oriet were^not, as he claims.
Nothinghas yet been learned con^^cerning the antecedents of Melzger.^He appear, d at Monarch last summer^and remained in that vicinity for sev^^eral weeks, professing to be a lanch^hand and range rider, hut no one in^that seed ion ever heard him say any^^thing about where he had resided be^lore, and since he has been in the^Sheep creek country and around Noi-^hart, his previous history has remain-^Si a mystery. He Is a criminal in^appearance, having a most repulsive^and criminal type of face, and seems^absolutely without fear of punishment.^He is about 30 years of age.
OFFICIALVOTE^OF THE STATE
Norrisfor Lieutenant Governor Re^ceived Thirteen Hundred More^Votes Than King.
DEMOCRATS SAVED ONLY TWO
Roosevelt*Majority in State Waa^Five Thouiand More Than That^Given to Joe Toole.
TROLLEYLINE TO KENDALL.
Plansof J. L. Bright and Associates^Rapidly Maturing.
Col.E. Hright, of Columbus, Ohio,^biother of J. I* Bright, of the Citi^^zens' Electric company, spent several^days in Lewdstown last week fuilher^investigating the; feasibility of the^building and opeiation of a trolley^line from I.ewdstown lo Kendall. Mr.^Bright is heavily interested in coal^and electric companies in Ohio ami^c ame to Iz-wlstown cm his own behalf^and upon the suggestion of other^financiers, who may be subscribers to^the capital stock of the company.
Mr.J. L Bright states, in regard^to the plans upon which gig has been^laboring for some months past, that^it Is still loo early to announce suc^^cess, but that he^ is very much en^coiiraged; he adds lhat oilier gggtOfM^Hgggfftf will shortly be In Lewis-^town and that shortly after he hope-^io complete the Incorrsiration of the^(^Oflapawjr and offer shares lo Ihooc^Montana capitalists who have already^teCOCDO inti-rested in the undertaking^as well as lo an^ local people; who^mav be associated.
ThepooatMliUoo of frcigh! trafr-.c^f'om LowlatOWl to Kendall are' ve ry^i iicouraging. the- piinciVal ItOgM bedng^coal and lumber and notwithstanding^the magnitude^ of Ihe invesiuieni. In
.veaUgfttionhas already pioveei to the^nisfaciion of Mr. Bright ancl some of
Ibisassociates that an otaetrta railroad^^vould pay dividends from the day it
iwas OfMaMd to traffic.
jThe line would ve-rv closely follow-^the present traveled road for gtVWg]^mllOfl on both the |,ewistown and Ken^(tall ends, but would be considerable^distance- from the road at Other na^^tions. The total length, according 10^the surve y compb te-.l IhM fall, would^gg IS and three cpiarte-r miles.
Ifbuilt it would be a grcqt boom^lo tho business interests of both iMW^^-town ancl Kendall ami it Is sincere^^ly lo be hoped the plans will succeed.
Helena.Dec. S^Oov. J. K. Toole-^today issues! a proclamation declaring^the gftjoptlog of the amendments to the^state constitution relating to child la^^bor and the edght hour law, and the v^are now In full for'^ and effect. The^proclamation quotes the bill passed bv^the Eighth asse mbly providing for the^submission to the voie-rs of the slate^of the proposed amendments, ancl re^^cites the fact that the voles have^been canvassed and certified.
PresidentTheodore Roosevelt car-^lied Montana by a BlmnUit) of 11.S12^votes. This was eletnonstrated ibis^morning when the stale board of can^^vassers completed the official canvass^of the returns from .-very county in^the stale and the results wen an^nounced. Joseph W. Dixon reee m d^a plurality of 6.228 and thus was re^^elected to represent Montana in eon^gress. Oovernor Toole's plurality is^S.420, while Edwin C. Norris. ^th-^Democratic candidate for lieutenant^governor, was e-ltcted ny a majority^of US] over E. W. King, the Republi^^can nominee. hTe pluralities attain^^ed by the othe-r candidates vary from^less than 1,000 to over 3,000.^..inendnie nts to the conKliUition^carried by ove-rwhe-Iniing votes.
Theboard of canvassers this mottl^^ing heard the argument of F. E. Slran-^ahan, who claims that he was e le cte e!^judge of the Twe-lfih Judicial dislrle t.^composed of Chouteau and Valley^counties. He maintained that Un^^votes cast for bJM there shoulel be^counted, and that he should be- ,|e^dared elected. Judge- Tatte n, th,^pre-sent Incumbent, who was e les-ted^two ye-ais ago, and it was clainn-el by^Mr. Stiananan mat the new judge-^should have been chosen hi tile BOB-^e-ral election, ami not in an ^off '^e ar.
Thecertificates of e-le-ction wen- at^otiee made out ami signed by the- can^vasscrs. The candidate* proooai al^once received Iheiis.
Thevote- as announced for president^is an average made of the voles ifr^telved ley e ach of the pre sidi-ntial^electors, -mil i^ as follows-
ParkerL':, ' ,J
A.N. Yoder Sgjgtl
Tileofficial canvass cm the vote for^^ ln-irici judges was as follows:
flnleiistrict ^Smith, 2,7no. Balllet^1.122, Clements 1,998, Lewia 1,467,
Seconddistrict^Bourquin 6,753,^Don],in e, ',^^^^, Bre-e-n 0,0'Jl. Font-ate!^MM, J, Lgagfofg LM7, Kohl 928.
Third-Winston 2,849, Napton 2,-^54.'l.
Fourth-Webster 4.897.^Fifth^ Callawav 2,911.^513.
Si\.h-Henry 3.6i^9,^Marsli I.
EighthStephe-n-on l.'.iTt,^( i7. Dickinson 2il7.
NinthStewart I4S0, I'-as. 1.911.^Tenth^ Cheadle 1,934, Wat kins 119,
EleventhErlckson 2,257, Pomeroy^1.967.
TwelfthTattan (not counted),^Stranahan.
Theboard took no action on Ihe^judicial vote of Ihe Twelfth judicial^district, not canvassing it [lending the
Parker2,-^Mattison i,^It** rord k
MOVINGDAY AT HELENA.
LegislatureWill Convene and New Of*^ficert Take Charge January 1st.
Il.-I.na.Iiec. 9.^The fact that the^first Monday In January will be a hol-^0OJ account of its ediservanre as^Year s day, will make no differ-^as regards Montana's inaugura-^day. The latter Is fixed for the^Monday in the new year, and^J. K. Toole ancl the other state^^rs electoel last month must take^ehgrgg or affairs at that time, regard^^less of the holiday.
Asto the inauguration of Governor^Toole, his third as the chief execu^^tive of the state. It seems now that^it will be a ceremony of the simplest^sort. Whether It will take place in^the governor's office or the reception^loom has not Iieen decided. At any^1 ate- whe-n the time- for the inaugura^^tion arrives a member of the supreme^court will administer the oath and^tlM affairs of the stale will move on^undisturbed.^The legislative assembly, too must
11 cm the same ggjr, much as the
members might desire to observe the^holiday. It is thought likely, however,^that tbjgfg will be' little more than a^mere- meeting and adjournment for^tin- day In order that the law may be^compiled with.
Informer y.irs Un- Inaugural hall^lias bee n one of the- big events of the^llrst Monday In January, and one of^the most important social functions^of the- c apital city and the state. For^'In- coining inauguration no steps^have as ye-t be e n take n.
.327^190^.11,143 ^ii^11 In
.26.729. 4.uL''^^. 6.2JI
,3M77,26,957^. 1,431^. 8,420
.30,|f,7,21 136^. :!,Mir,^. 1.331
Forneat printing In any line call^on the Argus.
Clerkof Supreme Court
JohnT. At hey
J.H. Rice 2'.'.H1I
.2V2C^,30.9(6^. 1,108^. 1,691
Cunningham'splurality^Superintendent of Public
29,'.i I I
Majorityfor . ..^Eight Hour
Majorityfor tfl |E|
Thefollowing table shows the vote
Breenand Stranahan Cases Argued^Before the Supreme Court.
Helena,Dee. 10, -Today in the- su-^preMO court was devote-el to argument^the epie-silon of ihe judgeships in^Beecoad and Twelfth district*. Tin-^MUeatlaa la vol rod is whether ail elis-^trlei judges in tag atato must bi-e!^,-
e-diii Un same year, it has never^e nun up in the stale, and issue^will be- awaite'il with a great ele al of^interest. The question is raise el In
fUlrorHow county by peter Urooa,
aeandiilate on the- fusion ticket for^fodgo, and in the Twelfth district,^made- up eif Chouteau ami Valley coun^^ties, by F. E. Stratiaha...
Mr.Preen received the third high-^esi rata at the November election and^contends that a commission should^issue to him inasmuch, according to^Ins e laiin. a succe ssor to Judge John^It MoOofgOg should have been elect-^^el al ihe lasl election. Judge Mc-^( NWaag was appointee! uncicr provis^^ion of ihe act of the legislature ere-^: Hug a ihirel judgeship in that coun^^ty and I wo years ago was elected by^the people, lie made demand upon^flovoiraof Taota for the issuance of a^commission and was refused. He^ttten applied IO Ihe supreme ceiurt for^ii writ cif mandamus to romped Ihe^gOVOraOr to Issue- the commission.
Mr.Siran.ihan's COM i.^ in the main^leaiun- similar ie^ Mr. Braoa'l with^tin- exception thai he seeks a writ^ol mandamus gggiaol the state board^eif canvasse rs oompollblg lhat body 10^re-con ve ne- and count c e rtain votes that^vcre returned for hiin and lo clexdare^the rc*u|t.
Whenthe- case was called today^Attofgor General James Donovan, on^whalf cif the- governor and the state^l^ i.irel, bled motions to cpiash the-^'^rits. Tin- cases being a1 most ide n^t it al. it was decided that thev should
innrgaed as one- ami saboaJtted to ihe^coart 00 tne- motion to quash
incourt the relators were represent^^ee! bv T. J. Walsh. Jesse R. Roote, J.^B. Hoe ley, J. F. Davis and F. E. Stran^^ahan. while the governor an^' the^^tab! board were! represented by At-^tornov OoBOtgl Donovan. William Wal^^lace-, Jr.. Col. C. H. Nolan, H. G. Me^^Intyre and Alex Mackel.
Theargaaaoal area concluded short^^ly before- t o'clock and counsel were^given three days In which to filo^bin fs.
H.B. Huffman. Saturday, bought^Is.1 acres of land within one mile of^the town of Moore. He has 166 arn-s^more contracted for which he will^obtalg soon. He intends going into^the wheat raising business. Mr. Huff^^man is a new man at ranching hav^^ing spe nt all his life on the- sea. He-^has boea in the whaling business in^the Pacific ocean for 23 ye-ars ami^lor the- last fourteen years has be 1:^the captain of a steam whaling ves .e.^Mr. Huffman Is a typical sailor al^^though he has laid up a snug fortune^and now inte nds to quit the sea for^ile re-nialnder eif his life. He turned^over his vessel to the whaling com^^pany In San Francisco a week ago^and came to Montana. He sa.-s 'be^whaling business is as good as it^ever has boog e ven though there are^so Many ships In the business. Mr.^Huffman has relatives living in Bozo-^man and it was through them that^he was induced to come to the Jud^^ith Rasin and buy land. Fergus^county welcomes such men as Mi.^Huffman.
Anyjob work you desire neatly ex^^ecuted call on thla office.