The Chicago Inter Ocean The Chicago Inter
MVe Free lve
To New Subscribme To New Subscriber
Vol. XXII. No. 12. LEWISTOWN, FEROUS COUNTY, MlONT., WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 2, 904. Price 5 C t
REPUBLICAN IN POLITICS. AND DEVOTED TO THE MINERAL, AGRICULTURAL, STOCK AND WOOL INTERESTS OF THE GREAT JUDITH COUNTRY.
T he SLUM CHILDREN'S
Br GLADYS WINTERS
Cl.ass f 01
P P Fegao Comoty Fs.. High School # p
U The following Christmas story, from the pen of Miss Gladys (",
() Winters, was selected by Prof. Silloway as the best of twenty-four 4
G prepared by the second year class of the high school. The students .
( were given one week in which to write their stories and when the s
) task was given them it was not announced that the best would be ,
u published. Prof. Silloway says that, although they were both too 9
U long for publication, the stories submitted by Misses Ruby Clifford 0
® and Louise Allen are deserving of mention, each being complete, ®
v but one a sequel to the other and both were pleasing.
® The Argus is always pleased to assist the students and it was ®
0) upon the suggestion of the editor that the stories were written. .
S Miss'Winters' composition follows:
U( It was the morning of the day before Christmas that Mr. Grey ®
) wended his way to nms office rather earlier than usual. As he walk- G
) ed along he seemed more preoccupied than ever before, and did not "
0) notice how cold and biting the air was, but once in his office he re- a
O alized how much more pleasing was the warmth of this room than ®
Ca the air outside. 0
O During the morning one of his clerks, Harry Wright, timidly O
U approached his employer and asked concerning a holiday on the mor- )
( row. Evidently the young man was not at all certain his request @
(t would be granted, and no wonder, as he remembered a similar re- @
( quest the year previous. His fears were realized when he was ab- @
) ruptly told to go about his work and not to be thinking so much of 0
( holidays. ,
G, Later in the morning Harry announced to Mr. Grey that a lady 0
O wished to see him. Mr. Grey was both surprised and annoyed, but a
) told him to show the lady into the inner office. When Mr. Grey a
U saw a sweet-faced deaconess, he tancied that he saw a resemblance C
( to his dead wife in her face. This thought was put aside when she @
) asked him If he would not like to help in giving the children of the @
U Rose street mission a merry Christmas. Mr. Grey replied emphat- J
e Ically that he did not believe in giving alms, and the little deaconess v
(, went out much abashed. 0
v At last it was dinner time and Mr. Grey was glad to escape the .
) annoyances of the office. As he put on his coat and again went out a
) into the cold, the disturbing thought of the morning returned to @
( him and refused to be repressed. Everywhere were the signs of 0
® him and refused to be repressed. Everywhere were the signs of ®
) Christmas, and the people jostling him were happy-faced purchasers, @
U while he seemed to be the only one who was outside the joy.
N After dinner he lay down upon a lounke in his sitting room. ®
O The resemblance of the little deaconess to his dead wife arose in v
) his mind, and the idea occurred to him that his wife wouim not have ®
® liked his sharp words to the good little woman. J
U At length he fell asleep, but it seemed that awake or asleep he @
® was doomed to be troubled in mind. In some mysterious way he i
U was whisked off from this old earth. He saw his wife and child clad G
® in shining garments singing for joy at the foot of a great dazzling .
O throne, but the brightness was so resplendent that it blinded him. ®
U How out of place he felt and how stained his clothing in comparison ,
(.) with those of the spirits around him. His wife and son came and .
( stood by him, but their look of radiant joyousness was replaced by )
® one of greatest sorrow. They seemed to be looking downward, and O
( he, too, looked down. He saw many people struggling along weary J
) for help, and they were the ones he had not helped. He saw the @
® children of whom the deaconess had spoken, crying with broken ,
® hearts because they could not have their simple Christmas pres- E
( ents; and It was all because he had not helped them. .
® Then he felt a great sorrow, deeper than the sorrow of the a
) death of his wife and son, for the many people he might have made 0
(.) happy. Then for one brief instant he was changed, his garments J(
® became white and shining, and he saw again the look of joy on the 0
® faces of those so near to him. But this change was soon over and he 0
( felt himself drifting and sinking downward, until he lay again upon .
® the familiar couch in his own room.
Mr. Grey immediately got up and the hard look on his face was v
® changed to one of peace and wonder. He saw that it was time to 9
U go to his office, but he did not go; instead called his servants to him A)
® and laid before them a plan which astonished them beyond measure. )
0 Hastening to tue office he told his clerks that they might have S
( a holiday that afternoon and the morrow, and he invited them to )
( his house that evening. Q
O Next he hurried to the little deaconess and told her something 0
® which made her face shine and wreathed it in smiles.
® Then they both went to the stores, purchasing so many things .0
® that the clerks were wondering what the couple would do with so 0
® many presents.
U Meanwhile at Mr. Grey's home the capable and energetic house- $.)
® keeper had worked wonders in the heretofore gloomy mansion. As ^,
® Mr. Grey and the little deaconess went in from the frosty afternoon @
U air the aroma of cooking dainties mingled with the fragrance of the .
® gigantic firs, greeted them. And what a sight met their eyesx They )
® seemed to see Christmas in every nook and corner. The halls and )
(t) rooms everywhere were decorated with holly and evergreens: In the 0-.
® middle of the dining room was a long table covered with snowy lln- G
® en and set with dainty dishes. In the spacious sitting room they saw 8
® two large trees covered with glittering ornaments and candles. A '(
® visit to the kitchen showed the cooks busy preparing a bountiful 0
( meal. O
® A clang at the uuor bell! Mr. Grey hastened to the door follow- ,
0 ed by the little deaconess. Oh, how many bundles were taken in and 0
® how many things were hung on the trees. But It was soon done and 0
U Mr. Grey and the little deaconess hurried off to a little mission ®
® church on an errand which seemed to please them greatly. .
® When they reached the Rose street mission church it was almost 9
® six o'clock. "Time for supper," said Mr. Grey, and then both laugh-.
® ed. The bell was rung and the children came flocking from all dl- ®
U When they reached the Rose street mission enurc. it was amos.t P
@ six o'clock. "Time for supper," said Mr. Grey. and then both laugh. O
0 ed. The bell was rung and the children came flocking trom all dl. ®
() It was explained to them that they were going to a place where .
(0 they would have a Christmas supper and their Christmas tree, and B
U then, instead of singing their hymns at the church they would sing 'tj
( them at the other place. All the little children were wonder-strick- "
® en and silent, until one little girl rushed forward and., very much to S
W the embarrassment of Mr. Grey, seized his hand and kissed it. ®
0 The ride on the cars seemed very wonderful to the children, but "
G the scene before them in the house was fairyland. What a meal 4
O those hungry children enjoyed--turkey, potatoes. gravy, cranberries,
® grapes and oranges, and about everything that could be thought of 8
U for a Christmas dinner.
9 But the best was yet to come. When the supper was over the (A
U folding doors were thrown open and the children gazed at the trees. 4
a This was surely fairyland. The little deaconess started one of their %
@ hymns and a burst of music followed.
L The presents were given to the children, there was clothing for C
( all, there were dolls for the girls and tops for the boys; there were j
(0 skates, sleds and other toys. Tbtn the children departed with their 9
( little deaconess and Mr. Grey was left alone.
( As he sat before the coals in the grate in the room, now empty j
U of the children's laughter, he seemed to dream again and to see G
L again the faces of his wife and child, shining with joy. But this 0
( time they pointed up, no down, and beckoned him to follow them. C
( GLADYS WINTERS. ®
_ 6~~~~P%%e~ _%~~Q~0
Sketch of Mr. Ottrey's Life.
After an illness extending several
m(,nthl., Thomas Ottrey succuralbed to
an attack of perllonitlis, Sunda), k)e
cember 4th at .i.3o o'clock at tle honlt
of Mr. and Mirs. J. L. Hale. .ays the
Dawson County Review. The luteral
bervices were held here Monday. afttr
whitch Ihe body was taIken of I.ivings
ton for interment. Mlr. Ottrei was
a native of England. and was sixty
five years of age. lie was a shoe
maker by occupation, and had fol
lowed that profession In this countr,"
for about 35 years. lie came to Glen
dive from Livingston about two yeats
a;o and since that tithet has resided
with his daughter Mrs. J. L. Hale.
His death was the crowning of a long
and uteful life, during which he en
jo3ed the esteem and honor of his
fellow men. Although in Glendive but
a snort time, he had made many
friends who will miss nmm from their
midst, and who extend thels sincerest
hympathy for Mr. and Mrs. Hale in
Mr. Ottrey was the father of Mrs.
Joseph Briggs of this city, she being
in Olendive at the time of his death.
Mr. Ottrey formerly was In the shoe
making business in Lewistown.
Unclaimed Letters Remaining in the
Postoffice at Lewistown, Mont.,
December 21, 1904.
First-Head letters with writer'
full address, including street and nunm
ber and request answers to be address
Second-Letters to strangers or
transient visitors in the city, whose
special address may be unknown,
should be marked in the left hand
corner "transient." This will pre
vent their being delivered to persons
of the same or similar names.
To obtain any of these letters the
applicant must call for "advertised
letters," giving the date of the list.
Herman Akeley, W. Burgmier, Jas.
Barnes, John Bray, Rosa Carter, Ly
da Confell, L. T. Corbett, Chas. J.
Coun. Claud Cowan, Ben Clag, N. Dan
ielson, J. M. Drum, J. P. Dlntes, John
Ellenberger (3), Joe Fandolse, O. Gar
tin. Elsie Gordan (2), 8. Haaland,
Morgan Hoffman (2), Kate Hayden,
Jack Howit, Gustaf Hogeland (2). Ern
estHalmstrum, H. H. Harron, B. C.
Hemphill, Annie Jackson, Rees J. Lew
Is, Mike McGee L. A. Masslc, I.. A.
Navarine, Samuel Peter, A. Phillips,
Mrs. E. F. Ross (2), Bertha Ross,
Gust. Volght, Jas. Whitta, Hetie Wies,
Julia Ward, Stella Watson, George C.
Wilson (4), Hubert Wynn, E. L. Wil
ALF J. STEPHENS. P. M.
REPUBLICANS WIN OUT.
Colorado Supreme Court Decision
M kes Legislature Republican.
Denver, December 17.--Chief Jus
tlce Gabert today announced the de
cision of the supreme court to throw
out the entire vote of three precincts
of ward 5 and one precinct of ward 7
at the late election, on the ground
that gross frauds were committed in
direct violation of the injunction serv
ed upon the election officials.
Judge Campbell concurred in the de
cision, but Judge Steel dlssented, say
ing that the only illegal votes which
had been identified should be rejected
and the legal votes should be counted.
The decision does not anect the votes
for president and congressmen, which
already had been counted with the
permission of the court.
Tnrougn the action ol the court in
excluding five Denver precincts from
the abstract of returns today, Republi
cans will secure a solid delegation in
the legislature from the city and coun
ty of Denver and will obtain control
of both branches of the legislature,
which canvasses the vote for state
On the face of the returns Alva Ad
amls, Democratic candidate for gover
nor, had a plurality of about 11,000,
but the Republican managers claim
that when all fraudulent votes are
eliminated Governor Peabody will have
Ia plurality and will be re.seated.
,s plurality and will be re*beated.
PHILIPPINE BILL PASSED.
Democrats Still Blind to Approval of
Washington. Dec. 6li.-The senate
today by a vote of 41 to 23 passed
the Philippine civil government bill.
The final vote was preceded by the
presentation of many amendments
and a general discussion of them as
well as the provisions of the bill. The
discussion was confined quite general
ly to the merits of the measure. On
some of the amendments suggested by
Democratic senators several western
Republicans voted in the affirmative,
but Mr. McCumber was the onl) Re
publican who voted with the Denmo
trats at the final passage of the bill.
The most notable change made dur
ing the day was the lowerlng of the
rate of interest to be guaranteed .by
tie Philippine government from 5 to
4 per cent. The bill ah. passed ex
empts from taxation all bonds issued
by the Philippine and Porto Rican gov
ernments. Authorizes municipalities
in the Philippines to incur a bonded
indebledness amounting to 5 per cent
of the assessed valuation on their
,prioperty, at 5 per cent interest; au
thorizes the Philippine government to
incur a bonded indebtedness of $5,0o0,
,no for improvements at Ise percent
interet; authorizes the Philippine
government to guarantee the payment
or intelrest on railroad bonds at the
late of 4 per cent per annum; pro
vile~s for the administration of the
Iimmigration laws by the Philippine
authorities: establish a system of l
atlion and patenting of mineiral, coal
and -oline lands: fixes the metric ays
tern for the islands, and give\s the civ
il governor the title of governor gen
During the day, Mr. Beveridge, fronm
tile (IIlnIln tee on terrltorlies. reported
the statehood bill, and he will make a
motion on the first day that the sen
ate convenles In January that the con
stderation of the bill shall be entered
on at once.
For the arrest and conviction of the
parties who, on the latter part of No
vember, stole ten head of my horses.
Showing for the Last Year in the Mat.
ter of Wheat Growing and Cattle
MUCH STOCK SHIPPED TO EAST
Ranchers of County in Prosperous
Condition and Prospects Bright
for the Future.
As the winter season is becoming
more and more evident to the trsi.
dents of Lewistown it ntiit Ii e well
to take a general review oil what
Fergus county and the Julith IBasin
have done in the season just past.
Never before has the ciulnly had .
more prosperous year and this )pros
perity will undoubtedly 1bw (coIltlnted
indefinitely. The ranchers through
out the county have ralsed large
amnounts of produce of eveni kind and
have received good prices for every
thing they have sold. While the cat
tle market has not ben so good as
might be wished the good prices re
ceived for other things have mlore
tWan made up for any lobs that may
have been felt on the other score.
The summer, while it has been rath
er dry, has been a perfect one in oth
er respects and the good weather has
been continued far into the winter.
The condition of the country is good
and the winter range is In such shape
that not a great amount of feeding
will be necessary for stock. How
ever, ranchers are becoming more
convinced every year that better stock
can be raised and better prices realiz
ed by doing judicious winter feeding.
This was shown by the prices recent
ly received by John Dover, whose
range cattle topped the market for
the state at Chicago. He believes in
winter feeding and raises a smaller
iumber of cattle than most of the
large stockmen. In this way the
quality is raised and more attention
can be given than where there is
such a large number. Conditions
have changed here in the basin and
the stockmen and ranchers must also
Ssbuch a large number. Conditions
have changed here in the basin and
the stockmen and ranchers must also
change to meet them.
Last fall mar!tld :h4 ,uauguration:
of a wool market at Lewlstowu and
7 despite the gloomy prognostications
d of nany it was a pronouuced success.
n Much wool was brought here to be
,. sold and the best prices in the state
were realized right here. The larg
est wool houses in the country were
represented here by eiperlenced ag
ents and both the buyers and the
d growers were entirely satisfied with
the local market. On leaving, the
wool men all expresnnd their confi
dence in the great future before the
eLewistown wool market. There were
close to two and one-half million
pounds of wool sold right here in
SI.ewlstown, but this does not by any
means tell the story of the wool pro
duction of the county, for many of the
large outfits shipped their wool to oth
er markets in the belief that this one
was too new a venture to get the
buyers here and bring them good
prices for their product. It Is esti
mated that in all five million pounds
of wool were raised in Fergus county
this year. and this means that the
ranchers of the county are some sev
en or eilht hundred thousand dollars
this year, and this means that the
ranchers of the county are some sev
en or eight hundred thousand dollars
richer now than they were before.
Many of the wool growers, who last
season contracted with buyers for
their wool before the markets opened
and many who took their product to
other markets, have expressed their
intentions of coming to Lewistown
next summer, as the,. realize that the
prices given here coull not be beat
en at other points. One man who has
been in the wool businesa for many
years, and who keepsl a close watch
of the slarket, says that next year's
wool could be sold by contract now
at 20 cents a pound.
The crowning glory of Fergus coun
ty is its wheat. Thi, announcement
will come as a surpri-,, to those who
have not been keepling pace with de
velopments here in tlhe last year. Un
til this year only ,-eniingh grain has
been raised in the basin for home con
sumption, owing to the- absence of any
shipping facilities. b,1I with the ad
vent of the railroad ha. come the dis
covery that the Judith Basin is with
out a peer as a wheat country and
ranchers are breakin., all the land
they can spare from tither things to
bow in wheat. Them,'- bench and bot
tom lands in the b,.ain cannot be
Equalled anywhere a- producers of
om rinaOs In h inst an cusse u"
Equalled( anywhe're *a- produ.cers of
the world's greatest *',real, and thie
prices paid are an mincw.m'ent to any
man to raise large cr,')ps.
This is the first :.ar that anything
has been done alonz this line and the
success which has at,'ditl'(d the effortst
of the farmers has I* n a revelation
to all. While th.ere' ,.as a conmpara
tively small anollt' ,f heat raised! i
the basin this year Tii, returns have
been large in proslrl tin. The: yield
has averaged , , - to the arere
in the Judlih Ibain ' - against Ine
average for the l'ii' I Stats,. as a
whole, of 13 2 hush'l ;n acre. Sonme
ranchers in the h:-;lu raited wheat
which went nilr, tl, ", buhlshels to
the acre. and sll' ,I- high as iel
bushels. There ar'e ,.r'' than a mil
lion acres of land t:e' here in the
Judith basin. which, it -own to wheat.
would produce' an a e.. of 3o to 35
bushels an a're' If , rhis land was
sown in wheat itr wtlt'i produce more
than the state's 't l,,a. Missouri or
California. Thi, -..u like a big
statenlent bl iit i,,ile oint by what
has already I,e n ,ll,' along that line
this year. Winter .h,'&at matures by
July and thus eveni if a dry season
should come It wo'tIl iot be affected.
There were 1I" , care f 600 bushels
each of wheat shipped froint .It wr
and Straw this fall.
The price pa;d for wheat this year
in this onylllll has len all aliera gef
$1.35 a hundred and lithe price is still
rising. O(ts are raise td exten.ilel
and l ( itd b ie raised Ito p tIl iavlll ntage
for the n Irketl. The run on an aI
'rage of Si b siihels ito il the ai I. and
weigh from 'i' to Z,-* intinds in the
mIeasuiiredl hbushel. The laveirale price
paid for this prollduct his 'ear has
bieen $1.110 a huindlred. Montana le:
ley is known throulghout the woirl'
as the finest n ialtin barley that i,
produced. Harley from the llil.tiin
'alley isn hipped to Rlissia and (Ier
imany for this purlosts. every year.
('omplwtnt Jitdges have said that the
lands of the Judith bashi are' as gtood
if not better than those of the (alla
tin for harley raising. and this has
been shown to be true by the tests
that have been made. As to rye the i
itnest grain that can be seen in any
locality has been raised right here
wthin a short distance of Lewistown.
.Montana has the climate and the
natuirl conditillllons which make a great
grain country, and the Judith basin
ih the garde.n spoIt of the state'. .e'
have no cyclones or hllrricanies to
spoil the stand of grain anld the hI.,s
by hall is almost inotihing. bIcing utln
about one-qualrter of one pir cent.
The loss in (;Germany froen this ct'amsI'
alone is twentyl-five or thirty ir
ent. The futulre of F.rergs cotllt.\ in
an agricultural way lies in its grain
and the sooner the ranchers of the
county make a study of this matter
and go about the raising of wheat
and other grains In a systematic way
the more quickly will continued iprons
perity settle upon them.
in the cattle and sheep business
Fergus county has kept tip to its form
er record and has shipped to the east
large numbers of stock of all kinds.
The Montana railroad figuretd for the
first time this year in stock shipments
from Fergus county and so well did it
handle what was intrusted to its care
that it is estimated that the business
done by the company next year along
this line will be far ahead of this
year. The heavy traffic has been
handled in an excellent manner by
the company and the stockmen ale
pleased with the treatment they re
The Arrune Is in re'etet of a Ihletter
pleased with the treatment they re
The Argus Is in receipt of a letter
from President Richard A. Hlarlow giv
ing an account of the stock shipments
by the railroad this year:
The figures are as follows: From
Lewistown-Sheep. 1t cars; cattle. 27
cars; horses. 3 cars. From Moort
Sheep, 36 cars; cattle. t65 cars. Front
Straw-Sheep. 26 cars; cattle. 24 cars;
horses. 6 cars. From Ubet-Sheep.
cars; cattle, 23 cars. This makes
a total of 225 carloads of stock taken
out of Fergus county over the Montana
railroad this fall.
This does not t.gin to tell the
story of stock shipments. however.
ior the majority of the stcKakmen
drove their stock to Junction. Cuht,.r.
Billings. Big Sandy or some,, f the
other railroad points, as they have
been accustomed to do. It is estimat
ed b> a prominent stock raiser that
there were close to 3.o,, head of cat
tie shipped to the eastern market Iw
sides those shipped over the Montana
railroad. Taking $32 a head as a
fair average for cattle this year it can
readily be seen that the ranchers of
the county have done well In the cat
tie busneas. The same stockman fig
ures that some 2tt,0,0 sheep have
been shipped by other means than
the ,Montana railroad and with an av
erage price for sheep. Including lambs
and sheep both, of $2 a head net, shows
a good return to the sheep growers
of the county.
Last spring the Judith basin was
brought into prominence in the agri
cultural world by the superiority of
its potato crop. The large stores here
were deluged with orders from all
over the United States for big ship
ments of the "Irish staff of life."
'There were close to 1,t0.,o00 pounds
of potatoes shipped to eastern points
from the basin and the average price
e(eived by the ranchers of the coul
ty for their produce was from 7.Te to
85c a hundred pounds The soil in
the basin is admirably adapted to the
laising of potatoes an I he qluality
prxoduced cannot be excelled in anr
Nothing has been satl here of the
gold producing ability of this colunty
for it has been the object of this arti
cie to treat particularly of the strck
and agricultural features. However,
;"ergus county has upheld her reputa
tion in the last year as the banner
gold county of the state and with the
large improvements being made in
the mines and the many new proper
ties now being opened up the pron
pects for next year are of the bright
est. Not alhme In gold is the county
rich in a mineral way, but the sap
phlres produced here cannot be ex
celled any place in the world. Thit.
coal industry of the Judith basin is
a new one, bItl already all of the coal
used here is of home production and
is of the very best quality.
Taken as a whole "ergus county
is destined to b,, one of the greatest
stock, agricultural and mining cuin
ties in the world. It is a new country
and one which is far from fully de
ve.lopeld but t i is making rapid stridles
and has the brightest prospects for
THERE IS MONEY IN IT.
Raisinq of Alfalfa Seed is a Good Way
of Increasing Farm Profits.
"l:arly last srling thi, Thoan;l
l lthIanion Iompa.l, of this ('lI . ml.n l
hu1txl Ilit ral nind Illul nt.s to al ht(i 'l:
to t i(,ae.Iri it , th, r0 li.- of alfalfa'
a. i r s.IV !h ('hii''!, ()jilinionn. Tir,"
furnis.lld at: ed, and IontraIted tob.o
tloe poduct at 12'i a noin't . or $7 .uu
per hllhhrel. Thu. rlport shows that a
total of I.t01 d(.r,. w, it a' grown Iand
that the yieli gas I.,.;: hiushels,
Iringinng 13.74" to thll. .row'er at the
I rice paid. T,11 av- ra ,t whid p;tr
ct.re wa abhoull :'iI hol.|la'Is, hut thib
in not a fair :,,ra&e as the crop of
Geo. Rasmtnunsen .', bushllr from 4't
acres, Is extremely it)xr.
For the sake of an exhibit we will
take the average of eight bushels per
acre and find that the crop coat $16.
b1, an acre to plant. Irrigate, harvest
Ind thresh. and that Is sold for $60
an acre, leaving a net profit of $42.b0
per acre." Fergus County ranchers
should look this matter up.
PLACE OF BIRTH
IS IN QUESTION
Frank McDonald Thought He Was
Born in Prince Edward Island,
But Now Says He Wasn't.
ELECTED SHERIFF OF CHOTEAU
Uuckley. Present Incumbent and Dem.
ocratic Candidate Wants to Hold
Over for Two Years.
(t;r,;It F',Ills T r' l llll t I
terdla1 iln Ilhl util Il'~r.r . hf I . .h)ill
Ilucki ". o the iff Iof ('hd, mt . l (',i nllt .
helected ton j by utalt, 1u *.1'' s
igthble to t he office. with aIh pIn l-.t
that lHt iighy shoI uldi bIn v i i, iar lol i tn
thatd Bo holwI h ovelr until a'lcll. I hi
hhection- twAo %ears hence.
M 'l)onaldh, by his att. .l .s.. (;aorý. t
II. Stanton and J. A. ...ellonough. of
this itny. in the answi. admits tha t
he was the drlly nollina .eid candidate I
of the Republilan party In Choumhan
county for the office of sheriff andi
that Buckley was the Demnoratic can.
didate, and it Is admnitted that Utuk
ley received 1.l133 votes, while Mc.
Donald received 1,305. Ikefendlanlt ad
nits that he was declreld elected anud
alleges that he has iduly qulalillel aua.
claims now to be the duly hlected and
qualified sheriff of Chnlouteal county
for a term of two years, l'geinning [
with the first Monlday of n,.xt month.
LDefendaun denies that he w,l. notit
a cit.zen of the United State.s on Ithi.
daly of election; ldenies thatl hi wa;..
born in a foreign collnltry; deni that
Illuckley wais tlhe only quallified or (
eligible person who receiveld v.otes for
ithe office of sheriff of Choitllleall (ciiiii
Iy at the late electioi, and lsle;i
that the defendant was ever inelt- :
ible or dinuaulll..l
ty at the late erlction, anlld denie .
that the defendant was ever inc~ll
ible or diqualifled.
l) fendant alleges that he is a n.,
tive born citizen of the Ulniteld .ctates
w.n(i in every way qualified for lile' of
fice to which he claims to have bet.
elected, and he asks that the collest
Is dismissed, that he be adjtldged etn
titled to the office, and that he. have
judgment against iluckley fr the,
costs ant dtsbursemttents diefe'ldarlti
has Incurred and made in detenldilng
Ikefendant also alplpiel to the court
for an order to take the dehposition of
his sister, residing in Massachusetts,
and stabmitted the queslions that he
desires to have his sslter answer.
Fromt the interrogatories so submit
ted. it is apparent that the sister ,:.
expected to testify that Melkhnaid
was born In Charlestown. Mass.
The contest was to have been tried
at Fort BIenton tomlorrow before Judge
Leslie, who has been requested uy
Jtudge Tartan to preside at the trial,
but the application for the taking of
the deplesitlon will delay the hearing.
However, It is expecteu that the de
position will be received in such time
that the content may be determined
before the time for the taking of the
office by McDonald, if he should be
nilr |Ilvu| w..| s.. llNd.
e Office by Mclonald. if he should bel
II adjudged qualified.
It Is alleged by Buckley that McDlon
aid was born on Prince Edward's is
a land Biritish and that he has never
. beconlme a citzllen of the' United State
e it app lars that, in I.f33~ whlh: Mc
i- Donalld was a re.sident of Fergus coul
r ly, lie wen' htfore the clerk of the
it district court at Lewitown, then be
e lievlin that he' was lon on Prince
y Edward's island. and he theln declar
' eii his intention to become a cllizetl
(Jr the United States, re'nouncing al
. legiaillce to eve'ry foreign power and
palrticularly renouncing his alle'glance'
i. o Queen Victoria. lie never selcured
K thnal citzenship papers-in other
weords n'ever Itook thle action that It;
e. lllrcd before an alien may beconme
r a citizen of the, United States.
After Melmonald had been noninnat
Seld for sheriff. Buckley was alvlsedl
of the showing made by the records
i. in Fergus coullnty and also learnel
that McDonald had neve'r se'cured his
Sfinal papers. Believing that McDonald
is, not a citizen, Buckley. shortly af
ter the election, contelste'd his right
to hold the office. If McDlonald should
t be adjudged inliigible, iuckle'y would
I hold over until after the next gfeneral
I liection in Iteet;.
It is unde'rstsid that a.Mcronab:ld neow
' claimts that. after he had taken out
his first papers at Lewlstmown, he
- learned, for the first time, that he' w;as
r not born on Prince Edward'.; island,
ioutt was born In the lU'nited States,.
Sat ('lharlestown, Mass. Ilaving learn
r ed thi., he claiims, he was advised that
it was not nlrceeesary for hitii to take
ait f'nal papeirs, as the fact that he
tZ . n in I bn . I ' le ...I n ... . .. i I
i . waI not flEc.t.eart) Ifort hliI to taLke
niu f'nal papers:., as the fact that he
%.as born in the I 'nlted Stat*si would
imakep hint a cltil.zen, ilunli Iih hal
Ilt sinll time rnounced illlgiance to
the Unite.! States. 11e .hints that he
Ealide to the l'nlited Stlates to rei.ldo
when he was a boy; that he lnver
Itnoulnc(ced alle'gianc'e to the I:nli,.ld
Statl. .andl that he never atteniprll ll
to claim or cxercise th.e rlihts5 o cit
izenshllp of an' othelr e.,lintry.
It i. Ilndertct.nl that MclElkmald ex
ip4(ts to show livby his sister, who is
considerably.'t) ohl.er that, hi. that he
was Hiorn in Cha.li,.ltown. Mass. while
his rllnther was v\isitinig there the sis
ter h. ing also there at the, timne. Th'ere
Is no record of his hiri tat ('haitrls
town. Milas lhat·sellts niot requiring at
that tire thei kepling of vital statis
tien; andif !th sister shonld give the
expecrt'd test liony. It Is dlliefillt to
.eep how huckley could refute It, for
it Is said there wax no 'cword at that
time of births that occurred on Prince
It appears that McDonald's parents
we'rp Hritish suhbjects. and that Mrs.
McDonald was merely visiting In Mass
achusetts when he was born, but this
I.L t. under the law, will not affect
M'elltnald's citizenship in the United
:iIil,.., if ih should bIe able to show
lt;It h.' wals born In in assachusetts.
lh, (cunsllltltion of the' United States
I; ,iel:r s that e(very person born
' .., I'n hltd l Stalles is a (ciliit n of
I h, I' t l S ;tates' -ther,' is no qual.
,h'. ii i 'If 'r I" (' plionl to that state
Ift \ Icn.lll all w:lr, hlorn in the UJnlt
!,"1 .r~lll..s \w|11II,, hiS nl(ohll|r \\waH Te'nm
,I d.1' ' bluc . c ixltiis d to hlave bl'( IL
i itilzn of I'rni e. I.: dlward s island, hut
ot Ill.' aue 'ill,' IIh wo1t' have been
ia eie.n a of Ith, I'lln ,d St..e. |hrll i
ihi a foreign land. \whi, the lliothet is
teI llil raril i I so 'IrnIig in thaI co. n
lyv. itdo nlio deiIilie1 tlln ' chilld oft a -
:,onship in theill iiountr of whicla his
parents are c(itiZ ns. bh birth ill tIni
United States ulnder such coluiiltoii n
º.Ives the chIld the right to 'hxosoe
o'f which country he will be a citizen.
rwd he may make that coietce at any
' i.e In his life. The only manner
it which a person born in the Unit
ed States-under any condition--mniy
lu.e his United States citizenship is
I., formally renounce It and become
,e'itizen of another country If he
'I*' no1t do so he' may be a citizen
ýI. the I'nlited State. s and of another
, nil ry at the same tini:
uiTh,' ,l'it qutistion of fait thlalt seems
' t, inolved in the caste pI'nding 13:
1 thi I o(r nlot Mlcolhuail was born
I i \l:-~ 'c;l huls. ltts, if he was, and if
i .r riinonlti'ced alle,.Iance to this
S,'intr,. h,"I is .t citizen. Against his
'liani of c;itizenship. so far as known.
Is ionly his statement at Lewistown
that Ii, was born in a foreign land.
,fill h. lallns hil was mistaken ihenl
i," Irlanle that. He sayi he was taken
to Prince Edward's island when he
was a mtlrer haby. stayed there untli
hei was 17 years of age, and his broth
r rs and sliters having been horn in
tlat coalntry. he' supposed until a few
e'iars ago that he was also born on the
)eadrs ago that he was also born on the
WILL IMPEACH SWAYNE.
House Decides to Call Florida Judge
to Bar of Senate.
Wa.,hington. Ikec. 13.-81iting as a
,,tand jury. the. house of representa
riv.,s today, with almost a full menmber
ship, adopted a resolution providing
for the, inlpeachment of Judge Swayne.
of thel northern district of Florida, Ior
' high criims and isdtlemeanors."
'hriioughout the seHssion intense in
tliest was shown by members. lFl
towing the adoption of the impeach
tIllut resolutllon, provision was made
for the appointment of five memberl
", notify the' senate of the inmpeach
neint and for a committee of sovc,'
to irl'entll the case to the senate.
Today's proceedings were the Ilrat
of IhiLr kind since the impeachiment
in I%7e; of (Gen. W. W. Belknap. who
\~as ..cretary of war in General
( rlZlnt ' cabi(net.
Whei.n the houls nel toda) it was
;a),pprttl that the milembers fully al
rtecidated the responsibility testing
Ibiln them, andt they paid close atten
tion to tlihe reading by Mr. Palmer
tPa.i of the stciJflcations and evi
eta'llc' in the case.
In sullltrl of Ihe charge of nilbe-.
havilor, Mr. Palnimr said that the evi
dllee showed that out of each year
ullldge Swayne spent on an average
o, 2i2 dai) soaomehere else, neither
in hul district holding court nor out
sih, of his district holding court.
%Mr. Palmer then turned his atten
tion to a review of the evidence tak
en before the committee, the main
features of which have been publiseed
Ismnlediately after the adoption of
the impeachment resolution, M,. Pal
n.er offered a resolution for a commit
Ice of seven to notify the senate of
the action of the house and it was
Another resolution, providing that
:a committee of five prepare articies
of impeachment against Judge Swayne
The speaker thereupon appointed -*'
thBe committee to carry the impeach
metnt into the senate. Messrs. Palmer
of Pennsylvania, Jenkins of Wiscon
asn. Gillett of California, Clayton of
Alabamnia anld Smith of Kentulkc.
sinj Utilet or (Callrofrnta, Clayton Of
Alabama and Smith of Kentueký.
Being investigated at the Agricultur.
Experiments are being conducted
I) the staff of the Montana expert.
nielit station that will probably result
In the acquisition of knowledge of
benefit to the 'heepmen of the slate,
partlicularly those who run Ineir
flxck.4 on ranges where loco w.c4
r('ow. to any extent. A bunch of
sheep known to have been "locoed"
has been received at tne station and
put on feed for the purpose of d.ter
mining whether or not it is ilnpl.).s.
i,,e to fatten animals that have I..en
thus affected; also to ascertain wheth
*r sheep that have eaten Ihe weed
can tie cured. All of the lot that die
are subjected to postmorteml exanlina
Those that have already died were
folund to have' had tape or stomach!
wornls, but whether the loco weed
aulse: d the wornls has as yet not bewt
deterrln.ne. Sheep that have eaten
of the weedI to any amount are weak
ned Iby it andl so are ready victims
jof any purasite.
The. station is also feeding a bulnchl
oIf slteersn 2 and 3-year-olds. for th,
mtarket. The object of this is to test
the re'lative fattening qualities otl Ih
different grains, wheat, oats, barley.
Republican From Broadwater County
Claims His Election.
Touwnsend, Dee. 13.--A contest han
. been entered by Iouis Rowilt, Repub
lican candidate for representative.
against II. F. Renmbrick. Hembrlck
t was declared elected by the board of
c. canvassers by 8 votes. Rotwitt alleges
e that at Canton. where he received 13
a 'otes and Bembrlck 39, the election
r booth was not properly constructed.
L Another allegation is that the Judges
e in making the returns from the pre
cinct failed to certify them on the
s poll book. The contest has been set
i. for hearing December 29th before Jue
tices C. P. Abbott and W. E. Fisher.
The Argus hu all the aews all i
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