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The Chicago Inter Ocean The Chicago Inter Ocean
Given Fle G Iiven Fwre
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Vol. XXII. No. 22. LEWISTOWN, FEROUS COUNTY, IONT., WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 28, 1904. Price S Cents.
REPUBLICAN IN POLITICS. AND DEVOTkD TO THE INIEAL, AGRICULTURAL, STOCK AND WOOL INTERESTS OF THE GREAT JUDITH COUNTRY.
WORK OF THE
VIGILANTES IN CEN
First Publication of Actual Facts.
What incident or anniversary Is re
sponsible for the revival at this time
of reminiscences of "Flopping Bill"
Castrell is not apparent, but during
the past few weeks it seems to have
been the fashion among Montana
weeklies, and some dailies, to give
this peculiar character generous write
ups. Some of these might be term
ed romances, so far are they from the
But when it comes to recollections
of happenings in this section of Mon
tana, the Argus must not be overlook
ed and there are men in Fergus coun
ty today who probably knew "Flopping
Bill" quite as well, it not far better,
than any of thoee who have recently
essayed to tell the public about him
and his participation in the vipglante
proceedingsn of the eighties.
Last week the Argus republished
from another Montana paper one of
these accounts of "Flopping Bill's"
career, and this, happening to meet
the eyes of one who knows, the Argus
reporter secured the interesting de
tails for publication.
"Where did you get that cock and
bull story about 'Flopping Bill,'" was
the inquiry directed to the reporter;
"the fellow that wrote that sure never
knew Bill and probably got what he
wrote from somebody else who didn't
know much more than he did."
"Why he hasn't got hardly a single
thing straight and the dates given are
everyone of them at least fifteen
'That story says the clean-up of
horse thieves and desperadoes was
made in 1885, when It was in 1884,
and it wasn't In the fall of the year,
either. Look up your old copies of
the Argus if you've gut them and
you'll find out when it was; then I'll
come and see you betuoe I go back
home and if you want the true story
you can have it; the story has never
been printed that I've seen and it will
make good Cbristmias reading, but not
for the little folks."
With that much to start on, it did
not take the writer very long to find
in the columns of the Argus for the
summer of 1884, some of the details
of the clean-up, and especially not
able was the fact that before a single
horsethief had been short-shifted to
his finish, the Argus had editorially
urged just the action which was taken.
And when our old friend came in
later in the afternoon the principal
features of the following story were
In 1884 Lewistown was a trading
post only; the biggest settlement in
the Basin was Maiden, where the Ar
gus was then published. The most
important point in central Montana
was Fort Maginnis (abandoned in
1889) and the principal industry ral
lag cattle and horses, the stock run
ning winter and summer upon the
open range, for aside from the cor
rals, there was scarcely a fence in
what Is now Fergus county. The two
biggest "outfits," or cattle companles,
In these parts were what was known
as the "D. H. 8." outfit and the "Dia
mond" outfit, so known from their
Granville Stuart, now a resident of
Butte, was the head of the "D. H. 8."
outfit, whose principal ranch was a
few miles below Fort Maginnis on
Ford creek; Reese Anderson was a
partner of Stuart's and still resides
near the old place.
In the Argus of June 12, 186. ap
peared an editorial citing conditions
as regards cattle and horse thieves.
It was stated that the patience of the
stockmen was just about exhausted;
that every day and every month cat
tie were killed and horses run of and
sold; that only a few days before a
man living near Maiden was robbed
of thirteen head in a single night
all he had, except one on the road
from Ft. Benton. The editorial favor
ed orgapnation to rid the country of
The issue of two weeks later con
tained an account of the killing of two
horse thieves by cowboys near Lainan,
showing that the same conditions pre
vailed in that locality.
But to take up "Flopping Bill" and
his part in the incidents which follow
-for they were but incidents in the
civilisation of Montana, as was the
work of the vigalantes about Ban
nack, Virginia City and in Alder Gulch
twenty years before this story opens.
Where "Plopplng Bill" came from,
we cannot say; probably he was one
of many attracted to Montana from
the middle west during the Sold ex
citement. It has been written that
his real name was "Quantrell" and
that he part0cipated with the famous
"Quantrell" guerrillas in war times.
But this is probably a yarn, and his
true name is believed to have been
According to our old-timer, the nick
name "Flopping Bill" was given to
him when he was a woodchopper on
the Missouri river. Bill was a hard
worker and chopped and piled many
hundreds of cords of wood for the
river boats. When asked how he suc
ceeded in getting out so much wood
he once replied: "The trees is froze
and I just strike 'em once and they
flop open." Bo be was namhed "Flop
Bill lived along the Missouri river
for may years and knew every one
of the desperate characters who cross
ed and re-crossed the river with stolen
horses and made its banks their ren
deavous. He lived down there as long
as it was considered healthful for one,
ot a member of the gang, to know
too mah about them asd itter that
e mnA to Maden d ebmen a ow
boy with the "D. H. 8." outfit and he
was chosen leader and guide of the
fearless men who undertook to rid
this country of some of the worst
thieves and desperadoes who ever
drove off a bunch of stock.
The first appearance of the vigilan
tes was at Claggett, now Judith, on
the Missouri on the 28th of June, 1584.
There one breed was shot and anoth
er hung. The name of the breed which
was captured and hung was Narcisse
Laverdure; his uncle was wounded
but got away. A man by the name
of William T. Thompson came upon
this pair with sixty head of stolen
horses. He was taking Laverdure to
Claggett when overtaken by a posse,
who relieved him of his prisoner, and
after securing the breed's confession,
hung him to a convenient tree.
July 3rd another breed, Sam Mc
Kenzie, was taken on the Fort Ms
ginnls reservation and hung, his body
being left suspended with a placard
attached reading "Horse Thief." The
soldiers cut down the body and in
terred the remaans.
Organization of the vigalantes had
not then been fully perfected, but a
start had been made.
On July 4th a party of men passed
through Maiden an route to Spring
creek in quest of Charles Owens and
Charles Pallos, much desired bad
men. Arriving at Lewistown that
night ,they found that the good people
of the new town had already takes
good care of these two, for both had
been killed the same afternoon in a
pitched battle with the citizenas. al
Ion and Owens were the leading char
acters In that famous Fourth of July
celebration, the story of which is still
so fresh and an extended account of
which appeared in the Argus last July.
It was then arranged that one party
should leave the following morning
for the mouth of the Musselshell,
where they were to be joined by an
other party, which, taking a diferent
route, was to meet them at the rendez
vous across the Musselshell, but on
this side of the Missouri. The main
party stalked their game to the cabin
of one Downs, which had been look
ed upon as a meeting place of the
horse thieves and taking Downs by
surprise, secured information from
him which greatly assisted them in
locating seine of the characters most
desired and incidentally ascertaining
where there were cached a bunch of
borses which had recently been stolen
from stockmen of the Basin. One
story is to the effect that Downs was
anchored to a grindstone in the river,
but be that as it may. he was dispos
ed of and at the same time a fellow
known as California Ed. met his just
But tihe smaller party nan raueu
to make a Junction with the rest of
the vigilantes and to ascertain their
whereaboitts a wait occurred. Two
days later the parties were united
and a start was made down the river.
Crossing twelve miles below the
mouth of the Musselshell, the men con
tinued down the river, traveling light
and only at night, in order not to
flush their game.
Late in the evening of July 19th
they came upon old man James and
his gang. The thieves had guards out
to note the approach of intruders, but
the vigilantes succeeded in creeping
in and not until about sun-up were
they discovered. Here there was a
blockhouse, or log cabin provided with
port holes, an improvised tent made
of a wagon sheet hung over a pole,
a corral and stables. One of the
guards, abandoning his mount, when
he saw the vigilantes had the camp
surrounded, succeeded in creeping in
through the brush and reaching the
tent, where a part of the thirteen of
the gang were sleeping. Some made
a dash for the blockhouse, 300 feet
distant, while others took to the
brush. Of the latter was Dixie Bur
roughs, a nephew of Granville Stuart,
but one of the worst of the rustler..
He received a shot which crippled
him, but he found a cottonwood well
which gave him shelter and he after
wards escaped to meet his fate with
Ia a month later. Old man James at
tempted to reah the blocdhouse, but
It being made too hot for him he was
forced to let down the bars of the
corral and turn loose six head| of fine
horses, nearly all of which had been
stolen fron the mounted police of
tanada. The old man. however, sulc
ceeded In reaching the houlse and par
ticipated in the battle, which lastedl
from soon after sunrise to 11 o'clock.
In this fight two of the James boys
wre killed, also a fellow known as
"Dutch," and four were crippled, in
cluding Burroughs and old man
James, his given nalln was never
Hundreds of shots were exchanged
between the vigilantes, protected by
the brush, and the men in the house.
The stable and corral were fired but
the house did not catch fire, as some
stories of this fight have stated. See
ing that they were banled and that
the situation was such that some of
their own men might be injured or
killed, it was decided to withdraw and
wait a better opportunity to deal out
justice to the remnants of the gang.
In this fight there were sixteen vig
ilantes engaged and there were sup
posed to be thirteen of the gang of
thieves. Seventy head of horses were
captdred, sent back to Fort Magin
nis, advertised in the Argus and re
stored to their owners as far as pos
The party then went down the Mis
souri to the mouth of Hell creek,
crossing the Big Muddy at the same
point chosen by Chief Joseph when
at the head of his Nez Perce warriors
he crossed to the north side to meet
Gen. Miles in battle. On the ride up
Hell creek to its head two more bad
half breeds were overtaken, but both
were turned loose, after being reliev
ed of some information and the horses
which they were riding.
From Walker and Donovan's point
120 head of cattle were driven out
and turned back toward their range.
These had been stolen from stockmen
on the Musselshell and driven in there
This completed the biggest Job of
that summer and the vigilantes re
turned to their ordinary vocations.
About the middle of August word
was received at Fort Maginnis that
soldiers from Fort Shaw. camped on
Poplar river, had captured five of the
desperadoes which had successfully
stood off the vigilantes at the James
stockade and the authorities were ad
vised that if a deputy United States
marshal were sent the captives would
be turned over to him.
Sam Fishel, a deputy then stationed
at Fort Maginnls, was started, accom
panled by a posse. Ht received the
prisoners on Poplar river and turned
back, but about 3 a. m. of August 20th
he was relieved of his charges by four
nhen who had their plans well laid,
and hau secured a leave of absence of
two or three days from the Judith
round-up and the next morning five
bodies, including that of Dixie Bur
roughs, were laid in a shallow trench
•Iiongslde the waters of the Missouri
-and there weren't any nooses left
dangling from the trees either, for
these .Ave were suspended from a sin
gle rope, thrown over a branch, with
a sufficient force at one end to lift the
burden tied to the other end for the
brief time required. These Ave went
across the great dividu in one, two,
This was the last of the vigilantes
in this part of Montana, for during
the six or eight weeks preceding this
last episode raft building had been
popular and many a man had saved
his neck by floating away toward St.
"Flopping Bill" afterward acted as
guide for a party of stockmen which
made a similar clean-up on the lower
Yellowstone and crossing its mouth,
followed up Mouse creek to the Can
adian line, having occasion to dig sev
eral long and narrow graves while en
route. It was reported that sixty
were summarily disposed of on this
expedition, but neither the writer nor
his friend, the old-timer, are conver
sant with the facts except as they re
late to the work of the vigilantes in
the Judith country and along the Mis
Cantrell continued to be identified
with the stockmen of this section for
a number of years; he lived in Lew
istown for some years and property
which he then purchased is still in
his name, the taxes each year appear
ing in the delinquent list. Leaving
Fergus county he located in the south
western part of the state and upon an
expedition to Kansas City several
years after, he was run over by a
train, his feet catching in the rails
as he attempted to cross the track
ahead of a locomotive.
Though there may be some Inaccu
racies in this recital, the number of
desperadoes killed, when and where
and the participation of "Flopping
Bill" is absolutely correct.
Day Observed in Fitting Manner In
Various Churches of the City.
Christmas was observed Sunday by
all the churches in the city in a way
befitting the day. Special music had
been prepared by the choirs and Sun
day schools and there were Christmas
sermons preached by the various mam.
In the Presbyterian church the
morning service was a beautiful one.
The choir rendered the anthem, "The
Message of the Angels," and solos
were sung by Mrs. W. W. White and
George Beasley. These were both
very beautiful selections. The choir
sang the anthem, "Break Forth Into
Joy." and a Christmas sermon was
preached by the Rev. Henry Quicken
In the Episcopal church there was
the regular Sunday morning service
and prayer, the music being a spec
ial feature, the selections being suit
able to the day. In the evening the
children's exercises took place. There
was a Christmas tree containing pres
ents for the children, a few recita
tions by the various classes of the
Sunday school and a short address
by the rector.
A cantata was given by the Sunday
school of the Presbyterian church Sat
urday evening, entitled, "The Fairy
Garden," and it was well readered.
The young people had been tralned
by Miss ulton and Mrs. F. F. Goes.
Following this the usual Christmas
tree eelebration was held.
Articles Are Filed With Secretary of
Stats George t. Hays by
BUILDING IS READY FOR WORK
Best Business Men And Most Success
ful Ranchers ef Fergus County
Are Stoek Holders.
The Lewistown Creamery assocla
tion filed its articles of incorporation
with secretary of state (eorge Hays
last week and the lancorporators named
were W. D. Symmes, David Hilger and
George M. Stone. Th., articles specil
ty that the association is to conduct
a general creamery business and that
at will have all the benefits,appertain
Ing thereto. The capital stock it
$10,000 divided into l0o shares.
Of the shares $5,600 have been sub
scribed and the nemainder of the
stock will be takeu up soon. The
most prominent bainess men of the
city are interested in the company
and hold shares of stock and the
success of the venture is assured,
The building is one of the most com
plete of its kind in the state and
everything is in readiness now to be
gin operations. The latest machinery
has been installed and the plant
possesses everything that goes into
the makeup of a irst class creamery.
The building is across the road from
the fair grounds and was erected
last summer at a cost of $5,000.
The association has chosen nine
directors to serve until their success
ors shall have been elected by the
company. Those chosen are G. J.
Wiedeman, David HIKlger, W. D.
Symmes, John Borgh, Peter Anderson,
William Medigar, John Laux and J.
The shareholders and the amount
of stock for which they have subscrib
ed are as follohw:-George J. Wiede
man, $500; John M. Vrooman, L. P.
Slater, Damas Tallo,'." Iohn Laux,
George Stafford, Jacob llolzemer, Carl
A. Anderson, C. E. Mahana, W. 1.
Cameron, J. P. Barnes. F. E. Wright,
H. P. Nelson, Joseph Bertrand, John
Borgh, George M. Stone, George W.
Ayers, John Crowley. H. C. Jawmme,
E. J. McColl'um, Herman Otten, I.. W.
Eldridge, Marion Maury, Frank Yea
ger, Crowley Bros., J. H. Vadnals, V.
F. Dusek, H. C. Fletcher, A. B. Long,
L. W. Acley, John Clegg, George Day,
Ed McDonnel, Peter E. Anderson, J.
F. Vanek, Frank Strouf, M. L. Wood
man, W. O. Downing, A. B. Powell,
Vaclav Pulec, Robert Morrison, J. I.
Corbly, William Medigar, Samuel
Phillips, 8. 8. Hobson. David Hilger,
$100 each. J. E. Lane and W. D.
Symmes each have $200 in the pro
When spring comes around again
the new plant will start up and the
people of Lewistown will be able to
eat butter made at their own cream
ery. The association is composed of
good men and the work will be punh
ed in earnest next spring.
The ranchers of the country are
anxious to see the new plant begin
operations and they will do all in
their power to make it a success.
They realize that it will be a big thing
for them and that they will then have
a market for their milk and cream, a
thing which heretofore they hale
not had. This creamery will encour
age the ranchers in keeping more andl
better cows and will indirectly help
the stock business in the county.
These creameries are unqualified
successes in other towns of the state
with not half the progressive spirit
that there is right here in Lewistown
and there is no reason why this city
should not have the best plant In the
state. It is the intention of the as
sociation to make it so. In order to
do this they must, however, have the
cooperation of all and then success
Is in sight.
Nan Patterson Failed of Aequittal
Jury Six to Six.
New York, Dec. 23.-Following a
day of Intense nervous strain, Nan
Patterson tonight is in The Tombs.
ill, and perhaps on the verge of a
breakdown, but with constant attend
ance. The former show girl, expect
ing acquittal at the hands of the jury
which has listened to the evidence in
her trial for the murder of Caesar
Young last June, went into the court
this noon to learn that the 12 men
chosen to decide as to her innocence
or guilt had been unable to reach an
agreement; In fact, had divided even
ly over the question as to whether or
not she held the revolver which end
ed Young's life.
The jury stood 6 to ,;-half for ac
quittal, the others for conviction. A;
though no official annoluncement was
made further than thi-. court house
talk had it that of th.. six declding
ag.inst Miss Patters~lon, none was for
conviction of murder in the first de
gree; that one he-ll ,I 1 for murder In
the second degr&.e, two for man
slaughter in the first I, ,,ree and three
for manslaughter in tin. second de
Immedlately alftr thl. announce
meat of the verdict w:i, made. Miss
Patterson broke into a tit of weeping.
which continued ,.,:n ;fter she was
led from the court rou,n to a retir
ing chamber, whre physicians were
called and restorativ".a administered.
Then she was taken to The Tombs.
but she again w,.pt and moaned and
became hysterical, and the efforts of
her father, the prison matron and at
tendants to quiet her were futile.
The demonstration in the court at
tea the annoucement of the disagre
ment was somewhat remarkable, many
pressing forward to express syumpIa
thy for the young woman.
FIVE HUNDRED SHEEP KILLED.
Cattlemen Make War on Herd in tihe
Clark Fork Valley.
Brldger. Ikec. 24.--A war has hroken
out between the cattle and sheepmen,
in the Clark Fork valley, and reports
reached Bridger today to the eiffect
that cattlemen had bombarded and
killed 50 head of sheep for C. !|.
Clarke. who resides on the Clark
Fork river about 25 miles south of
Bridger. The sheep were brought to
the valley recently from the Mussel
shell country and taken to what is
known as Silver Tip.
The story of the slaughter is to the
effect that the sheep were grazing at
the mouth of the Long Day, when a
number of masked men rode up and
compelled the herder to leave. The
party then attacked the sheep with
clubs and guns, driving some over a
bluff and cutting down the others.
The affair has stirred up the entire
valley, and trouble is looked for, as
Clarke is a determined man and
swears to retaliate. Owing to the
great amount of hay In the valley,
several prosperous ranchers have
brought in large consignments of
sheep to eat up the surplus feed, and
the ranchers have welcomed the In
novation owing to the small number
of cattle in that section. Recently
Clarke brought in 5,000 sheep, and J.
N. Toman has about the same number,
while Harry Shupak is ranging 3,000.
About a month ago the sheep wagon
of Frank Clarke was burned up near
the scene of the killing.
TRUST CASES DISMISSED.
Montana Supreme Court Holds It Has
Helena, Dec. 23.-Holdlnlg that It
was without jurisdlction, the supreme
court today dismissed the proceedings
brought by Attorney General Don
ovan against several of the companies
alleged to be operating In Montana
in violation of the state'e anti-trust
laws, and the cases are at an end so
far as the original proceedings In the
higher court are concerned.
Some days ago, the attorney gen
eral petitioned the supreme court for
an injunction against the Internation
al Harvester company of America, pre
venting It from doing business in the
state and forfeiting its property in
Montana. This was suomitted to the
court on argument on defendant's de
murrer and motion to quash.
Meantime the attorney general in
stituted proceedings of a similar nature
against the Swift, Armour, Cudahy
and Hammond packing house compa
ales, and these were argued and sub
mitted on a demurrer of the defend
ants last Friday. It was contended
by the defendant that the supreme
court (lid not have jurisdiction, but
that the offense, if any had betn corn
tnitId, was one that should be passed
upon b)y a jury.
Today the court announced its rul
ing on both the harvester and tbef
trust cases. Chief Justice Brantly
said the court. was of the opinion
that It had no jurisdiction in the mat
ters involved, and for that reason the
defendant's demurrers were sustained
and the proceedings dismissed.
SAILED TWENTY MILES.
Senbow's Airship Maneuvered In All
Directions by Navigator.
Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 25.-Cap
tain Baldwin's airship, "California Ar.
row," driven by Roy Knabeshue, who
made several successful flights in the
same machine from the world's fair
grounds, at St. Louls, was given its
first trial in California today, and was
successful with the single exception
of its failure to land at the starting
point. A landing was elffected half a
mile away without damage to the ma
chine, and it was safely towed back
to its anchorage.
The Arrow started from Chutes.s
l.ark baseball grounds, in the south
eastern part of the city at 3:17 p. in.,
[.ailed with the wind northwestward
for a distance of between eight and
ten miles, thence eastward for two
miles and returned in the face of a
I"-mile gale to a point directly above
the starting place, but owing to the
supply of gasoline running short, was
unable to effect a landing at exact.y
the desired spot.
From the time the alrship aroMe
from the base ball grounds until it
was safely anchored at rico and Stan
ford streets, it was In fight an hour
and thirteen minutes, and In that time
sailed a distance of probably twenty
miles. When flying with the wind the
Arrow traveled at a speed of twenty
miles an hour, and in returning dl
tectly in the face of the strong south
eastern gale was able to make a rate
of speed reckoned at between six and
eight miles an hour.
The airship was maneuvered by
Knabeshue 1h every direction, respond
ing directly to Its rudder, circling and
turning In either direction, sailing d
rectly in the face of the wind or at:
any angle, and raising and dipping as'
the operator directed. The Arrow rose
at times to a height of 3,000 feet ori
more, with Knabeshue regulating the
height by shifting his weight and
talsing or lowering the bow of the
craft as he desired to ascend or de
Miles Chief of Staff.
Boston, Dec. 24.-A re-arrangement
of the most important positions on
the staff of Governor-elect Douglas
was decided on today. Lieut. Gen.
Nelson A. Miles, 1'. S. A., retired, In- I
stead of being made adjutant gener-,
al. was appointed inspector general,
and will act as the military adviser.
of the governor, in effect holding the
position of chief of staff.
Where is Thomas Goodsell?
Information regarding the present
whereabouts of Thomas Goodsell,
formerly of Judith, Mont.. is desired
by the undersigned.
R. R. DICKSON.
For the arrest and conviction of the
parties who, on the latter part of No
vember, stole ten head of my horse..
If you want all the news all the
time read the Argus.
LEWISTOWN a s
Aggregate Over Two Hundred
Thousand Dollars. ...... .
The year which is now all but gone
has bteeni a good one fVor Lewistown
in a building way. The' contractors
and carpenters have hadI all the work
they could attend to and many new
business blocks, publilc buildings and
dwelling houses have' becenl erected.
The character of all the. uildlings
put up In Lewistown this year h,a.
been excellent and all have Ibe,,t a
credit to the town. Thei ilbutI ..e s
blocks and public bullatig.s are all
of a most substantial nature aI.el
would be a credit to any town in thi
state. In the year just past there'
has been in round figure's $210,o0le pllt
in buildings in this city, as agalust
4150.650 last year. This is a large in.
crease in a town of no larger popula
tilon than Lewistown. This year there
was $145,000 spent in public and bus
Iness buildings as compared with $83,;
950 in 1903.
In dwellings the residents ofthe city
have this year invested $65.000, where
last year they spent $66,700. A slight
failing of, but this may be accounted
for by a corresponding decrease in
the cost of materials. Any stranger
who might have the impression before
visiting Lewistown that it was not
of a permanent nature would soon
have his mind freed from this iluta
on seeing the buildings which lhate
been erected. All have been conl
ntructed with the Idea of permanence
as the prime object to be achieveId.
Lewistown has an exception.All) ablo
set of contractors and the work that
has been done by them has been uni
The new city hall, which was erect
ed this year, is now practicall) ncom-i
pleted and is In use. It was put urpl,
at a cost to the city of $b.ttH and si
a nmiodel bull i!g of its kind. In this
nuilding is a large council chamber.
which will answer the needs of Ith,
city for years to come. The fire de
partlmentt is housed on the first flir
and the large dsiors open on Walson
st reet. Int the rear of the depa t nmeint
is the city jail and office of the city
marshal. The large fire bell has been
mov.ed from Main street and Fourtll
avenue to the tower of the hall. Tak
ing the building as a whole it is as
good a city hall as any city in the
state can boast of and is an ornanment
to thie city of Lewistown. It was
built by McDonald brothers.
The new building for the bank of
Fergus county is one of the hand
Soitest structures in the city and will
be. when completed, the best bank
building In the state of Montana. It
is a two-story structure of cut stone
and pressed brick and the finish, both
of the exterior and interior. Is beau
tiful. On the main floor will be io
cated the bank proper and this will
occupy the entire floor. The tlttin,.s
are of the best obtainable and the
hnlshing will all be done In mahogany.
There will be in addition to the space
set aside for banking purposes, pri
vate offices for the president, cashier
and assistant cashier. A large vault
has been put In on the main floor and
a safety deposit vault for the use of
the customers of the bank. Another
vault occupies a portion of the babse
nient and this will be used for storing
old papers and records of the bank.
Thne remaining portion of the base
mrnt will be fitted up for use as a
ba;rber slhop and will be occupied by
Albert Johnson. It will be a conm
plete shop in every particular.
The second floor of the building is
arranged In suites of office roomsand'
they are perfect for that purpose.
The finish of the floor is in tamarack
and the rooms present a beautiful and
attistle appearance. The cost of erect
Ing this structure was In the neigh
borhood of $40o,0(1. The contract was
given to the Congress Construction
company of Chicago.
The Methodist church, situated at
Fifth avenue and Broadway Is a dis
tinct ornament to the city. It is not
as yet fully completed but will be fin
ished by spring. It is constructed en
tirely of white stone and is a modern
structure throughout. The entrance
to the building is at the corner un
der the tower. The church will have
a large seating capacity and It is well
suited to the needs of this rapidly
growing denomination. The building
will cost when completed approximate
Iv $18,00O. The contractors were A -
derson and Partridge.
Pergus county at last has a new
jail building erected last summer and
not only is it a building admirably
adapted to the purpose for which it
was built, but it is of artistic design
and finish. It contains plenty of cell
room for a county, the number of
w hose criminals is far in excess of
that of Fergus county. There are
three cell rooms, one of them being
for female prisoners. On the first
teor is, In addition to two cell rooms.
a reception room where prisoners are
examined before being placed in the
cells. On the secone floor is the
woman's department and a room
which is not in use, but will be kept
for use as a cell rtmnn when the needc
ol the county demand it. Directly o;
er the reception room is the jailer's
loom. This building is a two-story
one and was erected at a cost of $10,
000. Tubb Bros. were the contractors.
The lang building situated on Main
street between Fourth and Fifth ave
nues Is a two-story stone business
block. On the first floor are two
large store rooms which will be occu
pied by the Fad Shoe Store and the
rergus County Hardware company.
On the second floor is the Masonic
hall, a banquet hall and kitchen, and
large, roomy offices. The building Is
fitted with all modern Improvements
and is one of the best blocks In the
city. H. H. Lang. superintendent of
the Kendall mine, is the owner. The
cost of the building will be close to
The wool warehouse In the lower
part of the city was finished In the
-atmnier and was used for the Afrt
tints. at the time of the wool market
tir,.. It Is the largest building In
e, n\l and a model wool house. It is a
fr;tllu structure covered with corru
.s.Ial iron and is 40 feet in width by
4,11, f,..". in length. The cost of con.
slrltiotinll wIas $6.000. the contractor
btivie (;,)rgse 8. Wells.
The Montana Lumber company
has erected this year a shed for the
sorage. of lumber and shingles
and other articles sold by the com
paony, which is a perfect one for the
purpose. The building Is 60 I 100
feet and 30 x 100 feet In sise sad
makes an imposing appearance. The
office of the company is In this build.
Ing. It cost $3.500 and was erected
by (eo. 8. Wells.
The Judith Steam LAundry company
also got the building fever and erect.
ed a one-story stone building on
Broadway, in which their plant is now
housed. In connection with the laun
dry proper are bath rooms and a large
plunge bath. Everything is of the
most modern design and it took a
large amount of money to Install it.
The cost of the construction was $6,
into. George S. Wells was the con.
Situated next to the laundry build
ing is the large warehouse erected by
the .Lwistown Furniture company at
a cost of $4,0m.. It is one of the
largest warehouses in the city and
was nmade necessary by the growth
o. the, future business of the new.
The Judith Basin Milling company
hal added to their plant in the last
.cear to a considerable extent and
hale\ put into the improvements some
i5.e, . The work was done by G. B.
F. M. Wright erected a store build
Ing j'..t adjoining the Bank of Fer
iul ('County on the ground formerly
,cupiedL by the IL.cwistown hotel. It
is a olt-story strulcture and is now
ot u'ip'4ud by Hart & Co. and Wagner
& Sut ter. The' building was erected
at at cost of $12,t0c, and John Foster
was the contractor in charge.
A. W. Warr put up a building next
to the Telephone building and adjoin
Ing the Laux building in which the
Shamrock saloon Is located. It Is a
two-story stone and brick structure
and cost $8,00t0. At the same time
Phillip laux put in a new building
in place of the old frame structure
occupied by the Central Meat Mar
ket and also added a story to his oth
er building next to it. The meat-mar
ket will occupy the new Laux build
ing. The cost of it was $3,000. John
l.aux had the contract for all of these
The Montana railroad has In the
course of construction a passenger
station which will cost over $1,000.
It will be a two-story frame and will
contain ticket office and waiting
rooms. The Delzell Drug company
built a stone warehouse in the rear
of the store occupied by them at a
cost of $2,om0. George Anderson had
Walter S. Smith erected two frame
store buildings on lower Main street
next to Culver's hall and one of them
is occupied by J. J. Parsons with a
second hand store and the other by
Mr. Smith himself witn a line of p1
anos and musical Instruments.
George Anderson built a carpenter
shop on Sixth avenue at a cost of
$1.500 . He did the work hlmself.
Among the residence erected in the
last year. that of George J. Wiede
man Is probably the finest. It Is a
large two-story frame house at the
corner of Boulevard and Second ave
nue and is one of the most beautl.
ful dwelling houses in the city. The
house contains ten ruoms, besides
Lath, pantry, etc. It is fitted with
the latest Improvements and cannot
be excelled anywhere. The house
was built and practically designed by
Tubb Bros. and cost $10,000.
The residence of J. E. Lane on up
per Fifth avenue Is another structure
ind an addition to the city. It is a
large two-story frame house and cost
Mr. Lane $3,500. George 8. Wells
was the contractor.
Tubb Bros. built for rental purposes
four frame cottages on upper Third
avenue at a cost of $3,200. They
also built on upper Fourth avenue
a house costing $1,500.
E. R. Clingan, of Kendall, has had
built three cottages on Montana
btreet and Eighth avenue for reutal
purposes. They cost him $4,000 and
were built by Tubb Bros. He also
built two cottages on lower Fifth ave
nue at a cost of $1.600 each. George
i. Wells had charge of this work.
Walter Cox has put a $1,000 add-l
tion on his house on Main street,
which makes a vast difference in the
appearance of the place. Tubb Bros.
were the contractors for the work.
The same contractors also built a
cottage for Wm. Blackford for ren
tal purposes on upper Fifth avenue
which cost $1,400. It is a very pretty
George W. Tubb built a house on
Seventh avenue and Watson street
which cost $3,000. It is a two-story
frame building and is of pleasing de.
Tubb Bros. built cottages for Mar
ion Hopkins and Jake Harmon which
cost $700 each. They are small houses
but put up well and add to the ap
pearance of the city.
(Con ued on aes e10.