Newspaper Page Text
Vol.XXU. No. 48. ÿ 9
LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUNTY, flONT., WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 1905
Price 5 Cents.
REPUBLICAN IW POLITICS. AND DEVOTED TO THE MINERAL, AGRICULTURAL, STOCK AND WOOL INTERESTS OF THE GREAT JUDITH COUNTRY.
DEAL OF YEAR
Oscar Stephens Disposes of His En
tire Band to the Custer Land A
8ELLS 40,000 HEAD AT $2.40 HEAD
Includes This Year's Lambs, and Mr.
Stephens Keeps the Wool—His
Big Cattle Holdings.
The biggest sheep deal made in
Montana this year was closed up last
week, when Oscar Stephens sold to
the Custer Land & Sheep company his
Entire band, numbering 40,000 head
of sheep and lambs. The price paid
was $2.40 per head, including this
year's lambs, and Mr. Stephens gets
the wool, so that the sheep really
bring him somewhere in the neighbor
hood of $4 per head, allowing for the
Why He 8old.
Mr. Stephesn thus retires from the
wool growing business in Fergus coun
ty, in which he has been engaged
since 1S82. His object in selling was
simply to take advantage of the fa
vorable terms offered. The present
year has been an exceptionally good
one, and Mr. Stephens gets the full
benefit of it, both as regards the high
price of wool and the increase in the
flocks. What the situation will be in
another year no one can say, and he
turns all his holdings into money.
Should the outlook be as favorable
later on as it is now, it is generally
believed Mr. Stephens will again en
gage in the business.
Gives Ranges a Rest.
Another advantage that Mr. Steph
ens gains from this retirement .which,
it is generally believed, will be but
temporary, is that his ranges will be
given a chance to improve. He is the
third largest land owner in Fergus
county, having an even 25,000 acres
to his credit.
Large Cattle Owner.
Mr. Stephens is the largest individ
ual owner of cattle in the Judith ba
sin at present, having anywhere from
10,000 to 15,000 head of stock, and
he, with all other well informed stock
men, look for profitable times ahead
in this business. For the present, he
will devote all of his time to cattle in
terests, and if he does as well with
them, when the conditions are favor
able, as he has with his sheep, he
will take a fortune out of the busi
Is a Pioneer Sheep Man.
As before stated, Mr. Stephens is
a pioneer in the sheep business in
this county. He started in 1882 with
a band of less than 2,000 head, op
erating the Red Bam ranch. His bus
iness has gradually extended until
now he owns outright 25,000 acres of
land, an immense herd of cattle, and
has other interests. This is not the
first time that he has sold out his
sheep holdings, and later on resumed
operations with the woolles on advan
tageous terms, and history is expected
to repeat itself in this particular case.
8heep to Leave Fergus.
The buyers of the Stephens band
will trail the sheep to the company's
ranges in Yellowstone and Rosebud
counties as soon as practicable. Mes
srs. T. C. Power, Alex Johnson and
Paul McCormick, who comprise the
Custer company, are well pleased with
their purchase, which was negotiated
for them by M. F. Trask.
Wool Coming In.
Wool is still pouring into the local
warehouse by rail and team, and is
being rapidly baled out. Teams are
coming into town from all the sec
tions not reached by the railroad, and
the merchants are beginning to ex
perience the rush season, as nearly
every wagon that comes in with wool
goes out with supplies for the sheep
camps. Some of these purchases are
very heavy, and altogether this end of
the business is expected to reach con
siderably larger proportions than ev
er before, as several outfits are pur
chasing their supplies here this sea
son for the first time.
The wool received at the warehouse
continues to meet all expectations.
Losses of Lambs.
Some losses of lambs are reported
as a result of the cold rains during
the latter part of last week, followed
by a snow storm. In the Harlowtou
district, it is said that about 500 head
were lost. The Sage Creek Sheep
company is reported to have sustained
a loss of about $1,000.
Market Still Firm.
While no sales have been recorded
here during the past week, the market
is still firm, the wool being" held at
about the same prices that prevailed
during the flurry several weeks ago,
when much of the wool was contract
ed for on the sheeps' back.
Wilt Have Wool Market.
The unsold clips that have arrived
here or will come later aggregate
close to one million pounds. So far
as known, they are as follows: Oscar
Stephens, 200,000 pounds: Brooks
Bros., 50,000; John Hauck, 50,000;
Mons Teigen, 100,000; Samuel Phil
lips, 50,000; B. Leiper. 100,000; Fred
France, 50,000; Mr. Leslie, 12,000;
Mr. Douglas, 12,000, Mr. Leach, 12,000;
Jos. Gallagher, 15.000; Mr. PetertTl2,
000; Holland Bros., 20,000; John
Roach, 14,000; Ben Bean, 15,000; Mr.
Mr. Anderson, 20,000; Mr. Rigner, 12,
000; Ole Vinger, 15,000; David Fore
man, 25,000; A. Jackman, 10,000; Mrs.
Edwards. 50,000; J. M. Croft, 17.000;
A. E. Hodges, 20.000; Peter McCon
nell, 20,000; John Ross, 75.000; George
Letchner, 30.000: W. B. Peck, 30,000;
Zeno Bain. 30,000; B. C. White, 40,
000; W. B .Shields, 15,000; C. M.
Clary, 10,000; Mauland Bros., 30,000.
Several of those who have unsoM clips
are arranging for a public sale to take
place at the Lewistown warehouse
about the middle of July, when all
these clips will be on hand, and it
should be a lively one, as much of
the wool is very desirable.
One Buyer's View.
In this connection, the view of a
well known buyer, Alex. Livingstone,
representing Benedict & Livingstone,
will be of interest. Mr. Livingstone
was in Helena this week, and predicted
that the present high price of wool
would continue for an indefinite per
"We are paying from 24 to 26 cents
for wool," said Mr. Livingstone, "an
unprecedentedly high price for the pro
duct. I see no reason why the pres
ent high prices should not continue
for an indefinite time. They may not
be quite so high as this next year, but
will remain at a high notch. The
present high price for wool is the
result of natural causes, and not the
result of shortage in the wool crop
anywhere else. It is due to the fact
that there is a great demand for the
manufactured product produced by the
eastern mills. The United States is
only producing now about two-thirds
of the wool consumed by Its manu
Patrick Writes a Letter.'
Albany, N. Y., June 22.—The let
ter which Governor Higgins has re
ceived from Albert T. Patrick, con
demned to die In the week of Aug.
7, on conviction of the murder of Wil
liam M. Rice, protests that Patrick is
innocent of murder and says:
"I have never asked and do not
ask for clemency. I may apply to you
for the appointment of a medical com
mittee to examine the testimony, con
sider new evidence, etc., as to how
Mr. Rice came to his death. I may
also apply to you or the legislature
for an in vest teat ion into the admin
istration of criminal justice in New
ïork county and as to the manner
of my conviction. I will accept no
compromise. I may apply to you for
a modification of the solitary confine
ment, which hampers me in my fight
Governor Higgins said that he did
not understand the letter as asking
for any action at his hands.
NEW HEAD OF
PROF CRANE ARRIVES FROM
NORTH DAKOTA TO TAKE'
Prof.A . G. Crane, who succeeds
Prof. P. M. Silloway as principal of
the Fergus County high school, ar
rived last week, accompanied by Mrs.
Crane, and they are now located in
the George Wells house on the hill.
Mr. Crane came direct from Dickinson,
N. D., where he conducted a teach
ers' institute for Stark and Billings
counties, his regular work in that
state being the superintendence of the
city schools at Minto, where he was
Is Highly Regarded.
Prof. Crane ranks high as an edu
cator in North Dakota, and was look
ed upon as one of the best equipped
men in that work in the state. He
is a graduate of Carleton college, at
Northfleld, Minn., from which institu
tion Judge E. K .Cheadle and Rudolf
von Tobel graduated.
"I am very much pleased with Lew
istown," said Mr. Crane to the Argus
today. "It is a fine little city, and I
look forward to my work here with
much pleasure. I hope to keep the
high school right up to the high
standard that has been attained un
der the management of my predeces
Prof. Crane will begin work with the
opening of the high school the first
Monday in September, and he will
start with such enthusiasm and earn
estness as ought to make his efforts
BEEF TRUST'S METHODS.
How They Compelled Shippers to Ac
cept Their Terme.
Chicago, June 27.—The work of the
federal grand jury investigating the
beef industry showed that the mem
bers of the inquisitorial body have
been playing the part of detectives in
finding witnesses who may enlighten
them on certain points concerning
the buying of cattle by the packers.
As a result of this detective work by
the jurors. Frederick Wood of Hamp
shire, 111., and E. C. Scholes, a cattle
feeder from Burlington, 111., testified
before the jury and explained the
troubles a cattle shipper has selling
his livestock in the Chicago market.
J. A. Ridgley, general freight agent
for the Louisville & Nashville, was an
other witness together with the two
other traffic men, whose identity was
closely guarded by the federal offi
After leaving the jury room, Scholes
said: "I told the jury that the buy
ers in the Chicago market of live
stock seemed to have off days and
regular days for bidding. They gen
erally bought on Wednesday and Sat
urdays at the yards."
Scholes intimated that on one day
one of the buyers would bid and if
the shipper was dissatisfied he would
wait until the next day only to be
confronted with a similar bid, and so
on until he was finally forced to sell
his cattle or have the profits eaten
up by feeding charges at the yards.
"Down With the Czar."
Genoa, June 27.—A hostile demon
stration took place Saturday night at
the Russian consulate here. There
were cries of "down with the czar,"
and windows were broken. The po
lice dispersed the mob.
The local order of Elks will give a
stag social Friday evening.
Recent Decisions Make Many Changes
Relative to the Procedure in Ac
quiring Public Lands.
CORPORATIONS ARE AFFECTED
The Three Hundred and Twenty Acre
Limit—It Now Includes Every
It is apparent to all who have fol
lowed the recent rulings of the land
department that the trend of all these
decisions is to make it more difficult
to obtain public lands uy reason of
the new constructions placed upon
some of the laws and by requiring a
more strict compliance with the laws
and regulations than has heretofore
been insisted upon. To cite one in
stance, it may be said that the former
rule limiting each individual to 320
acres has been radically changed.
Formerly, lands acquired under the
timber and stone, isolated tract and
soldier's scrip acts were not figured
as coming under the 320 acre limit.
Now all applicants who have acquired
320 acres under the desert and home
stead acts since August 30, 1890, are
barred from taking up lands under
the timber and stone, isolated tract
and soldier's scrip acts. Besides this,
affidavit must be made that all the
land is non-mineral in cnaracter.
One more important change made
in this connection is the requirement
that the holdings of tne individual
members of a corporation be figured
in on the amount of land that the
corporation can acquire. Heretofore,
any corporation originating under the
state laws was entitled to receive as
signments of 320 acres of desert lands,
and could submit final proof as the
assignee of the entry, irrespective as
to whether the individual members
of the corporation had exhausted their
land rights or not. This is all chang
ed by the new ruling, and each corpor
ation is now required to submit a list
of the individuals composing it, and
if their individual rights have been
exhausted, the corporation will be dis
qualified . This affects quite a num
ber of entries in the state on which
final proof has been made.
The ruling of the commissioner on
this important point is as follows:
"I cannot avoid the conclusion that
a corporation, anyone of whose mem
bers has heretofore exhausted his right
of entry under the desert land law,
is not qualified to make entry."
"The words, 'association of per
sons,' are often employed to describe
a corporation. * * They cannot
hold, by assignment or otherwise,
more than 320 acres; they shall not
take by assignment lands which, with
that already held, will make more
than 320 acres; nor in any wise, by
associating together, either as an in
corporated or unincorporated com
pany, can they hold more than 320
"It is required to show the extent to
which each individual member of said
corporation has exhausted his right
under the desert land law, and that
the members of said corporation do
not hold, in the aggregate, more than
320 acres of such desert or arid lands."
The order declares that no person
or association of persons, shall hold,
by assignment or otherwise, prior to
the issue of patent, more than 320
acres of desert or arid land;' and the
individual members of the corpora
tion are required to appear within 60
days and make the showing requir
ed; or they may, within that period,
appeal to the secretary of the inter
Desert Land Entries.
It is also now held by the depart
ment that a desert entry taken up
with intent to assign to another is il
legal, and in cases where the entry is
assigned on the same day that it Is
made .that fact is held to be sufficient
proof to warrant the cancellation of
The recent ruling as to the cultiva
tion of the land is also an important
one, requiring that one-eighth of the
land must be actually cultivated. The
ditches must cover all the land, and
if there are any high, rocky or hilly
points, they must be shown by spec
ial affidavit. All entries must here
after be taken up in compact form.
Heretofore, entries in what is called
the "shoe string" style have been per
mitted, but that is now a thing of
the past. The land hereafter must be
as nearly square as possible, with ref
erence to the adjoining appropriated
land and the topography of the coun
Gibson's Charges of Fraud.
The following communication to the
register and receiver of the Great
Falls land office is of peculiar interest
just now, for the reason that action
similar to that indicated in the let
ter may be ordered at the local office
at any time:
In his letter of August 5, 1902, Hon.
Paris Gibson, United States senator
from Montana, gave it as his opinion
that much of the proof made in sup
port of desert land entries within the
Great Falls, Montana, land district,
was fraudulent, and suggested that an
examination by a special agent of this
office would disclose sufficient frauds
to warrant the withholding of patents
until further examination could be
By letter "P" of August 20, 1902,
Special Agent M. B. Camplin was di
rected to proceed to Great Falls, Mon
tana. and investigate the charges
made by Senator Gibson.
September 13th and 27th, 1902, Ag
ent Camplin submitted two general
reports relative to this matter, in sub
stance, that while he found some
frauds were being committed, he did
not think the evidence warranted gen
eral suspension. No report was made
by him as to the character of the
land, hereinafter described, in said
On July 15, 1903, the secretary re
ferred to this office for report, two let
ters written by Senate Gibson in
which he repeated bL charges rela
tive to fraudulent proof in said dis
trict and again requested an investi
gation by this office.
By letter "P" of July 21, 1903, Spec
ial Agent D. J. Chadwick was directed
to proceed to Great Falls, Montana,
and make an investigation as to the
condition there prevailing.
I am now in receipt of his letter
dated September 9th, In which he says
in part that actfng upon information
obtained from printed statements, in
terviews with farmers and settlers
and from personal examination, he rec
ommends that the following described
lands be withdrawn from entry under
the desert land law:
(Here is given a list of lands rec
ommended for withdrawal).
He says also that the described lands
are table lands or high rolling hills,
all having natural growth of blue
joint and buffalo grass, affording excel
lent grazing and that it is impracti
cable to artificially irrigate them; that
no irrigation schemes, either private
or co-operative, are in practice in that
region; that he has found the most
wondreful crops of hay, wheat, oats,
potatoes and grain hay grown without
artificial irrigation; that where lands
were inclosed he found mowing ma
chines cutting the native grass for
Relative to the matter of final desert
proof he says that many tracts of land
in that vicinity have been entered as
desert, yearly and final proof made
therefor and the only attempt to com
ply with the law as to irrigation, has
often been to plow some zig-zag fur
rows or in some depression, if there
be one, place a few stones (some
times two or three wagon loads) tlffcn
a few loads of dirt and call the produc
tion a reservoir.
The "printed statements" mention
ed are contained in "The Great Nor
thern Bulletin" (copy furnished) which
is published at St. Paul, Minn., and
are simply testimonials of settlers re
siding in the vicinity of Great Falls,
Montana, as to the fertility of the
soil, the agreeable climate, etc., and
each asesrts that no artificial irriga
tion is necessary.
In view of the showing made by
Agent Chadwick the land above de
scribed is withdrawn under the des
ert land law and all desert entries
covering any of said lands will stand
suspended until investigated by a
special agent to detejrmne their bona
You will make the necessary notes
on your plats and tract books and
after receipt hereof, allow no entry to
be made under said act, for any of Lhe
above described lands, except in cases
where the application or claim was
initiated prior to receipt of this let
ter in your office. Very respectfully,
W. A. RICHARDS, Commissioner.
SENATOR WAITE SAYS LEWIS AND
CLARK EXPOSITION IS A
State Senator J. D. Waite .accom
panied by his daughter Judith and J.
D. Waite, Jr., returned from Portland
Saturday, after an absence of a cou
ple of weeks. While in Portland, Mr.
Waite attended the final meeting of
the board of federal commissioners
of the world's fair ,at which the final
report was completed. This will reach
President Roosevelt July 1, and the
duties of the commissioners will then
Fair is a Success.
"The Portland fair," said Senator
Waite to the Argus, "is a success.
When we arrived a good many of the
exhibits were not in place and there
was much to do before the fair can
be considered as fully complete, but
the exposition is most attractive as it
stands. It does not compare with the
St. Louis exposition, of course, but
it is well worth a trip across the con
tinent to see. Taking the fair as a
whole, it is altogether creditable, and
the city has mad« « very arrangement
for the entertainment of visitors.
do not believe anyone will go to Port
land and come away disappointed. In
the first place, the city itself is a most
beautiful one, and offers all sorts of at
tractions outside of the fair. Then
the rates are moderate, and no attempt
is made to hold up the visitor any
The Montana Exhibit.
"The Montana • \hibit is a small one
but it is well displayed and well hand
led, so that it attracts no little at
tention. It is part of the exhibit shown
at St. Louis, and f-w visit the grounds
without seeing it.
"The whole sound country is de
lightful just now. and a trip to the
fair city is a most pleasurable out
ing to any one."
Countess Accused of Theft.
St. Petersburg. June 27.— Theo. S.
Darling, of New York, and several oth
er guests at the hotel L'Europe, have
been robbed of all their valuables.
Mr. Darling lost a necklace and quite
a sum of money. Subsequently the
necklace was discovered in a pawn
shop. With the assistance of the
American embassy efforts are being
made to recover the stolen property.
Considerable mystery surrounds the
robbery. Suspicion fell on a Russian
countess, but when accused she threat
ened to sue the proprietors of the ho
tel, and no attempt has been made
to prosecute her.
Fergus County Delegates Return Home
Well Pleased With Work Done in
STATE BUSINESS MENS' LEAGUE
Officers Are Elected, and Butte is
Chosen as the Place for the Next
The Fergus county delegates to the
convention of the Montana Business
Men's League, held at Billings last
Saturday, have returned home, and all
are greatly pleased with the result so
far attained in this movement initiat
ed for the purpose of advancing the
material interests of .Montana. The
Fergus delegates were George J.
Wiedeinan, David Hilger, J. E. Lane,
H. R. Watson and H. A. Benner, of
Lewistown, and Patrick Nihill, of
Moore. They state that as all of the
business had to be transacted in one
day, and as there was much to dis
pose of before the organization could
be formally launched, the proceedings
were, of necessity, more or less hur
ried, and some matters that they hop
ed to see given more prominence and
consideration were passed for the
time being. Yet all of the delegates
say the convention was most success
ful, and are confident that the move
ment will bear good fruit.
Took Prominent Part.
The Fergus delegates took a promi
nent part in the proceedings from
first to last, and this county was re
cognized in several ways. The dele
gates feel amply repaid for their jour
ney and efforts, if for nothing else, in
the infornialion gathered by them,
and which will be useful in bringing
Fergus more prominently before the
state and county.
Work of Convention.
There was no lack of lively discus
sion among the delegates to (he con
vention. The several articles of the
constitution proposed aroused a deal
of debate, all of whicn was of the
friendliest nature, the delegates seem
ingly imbued only with the desire to
get into the document, only such things
as would prove of the greatest ben
efit to the young organization.
When it came to the naming of the
body, there was great diversity of
opinion apparent. The committee that
drafted the document proposed a ti
tle, which was changed by the com
mittee on permanent organization to
"Montana Development association.'
This was adopted, but the vote was
reconsidered and further objections to
the name were heard. Delegate Mac
Ginniss suggested "Montana Improve
ment association." Delegate Dono
van objected on the ground that the
name sounded too much like that of
some fake building association.
Fergus Furnishes the Name.
Senator Miles thought "Montana
Business association" about the cor
rect thing, while W. B. George de
clared In favor of "Montana Progres
sive association." It remained for
Halsey R. Watson, manager of the
Argus ,to strike the proper chord with
"Montana Busigless Men's League,"
and the name was adopted with only
one dissenting vote.
Upon the motion of Paul McCor
mick it, was decided to give the execu
tive committee authority to fix the
membership fee and annual dues.
Basis of Representation.
Article three, dealing with the ba
sis of representation, provoked the
greatest discussion. Colonel C. H.
Boynton offered an amendment to the
article proposed by the committee, but
this was defeated. Thomas A. Marlow
offered a plan eliminating all delegates
except such as were members of or
ganizations allied with the state lea
gue, giving each subordinate organiz
ation one delegate for every fifty mem
bers or less and one for each addi
tional 50 or major fraction thereof.
It was asserted that this would op
erate to throw control of tlie conven
tions into the hands of the larger cit
ies, but Butte responded that under
the plan proposed that that city would
have only three delegates. Mr. Mar
lows' motion was then adopted.
Later in the day, however, the con
vention came back to this article,
when David Hilger declared that at
the next meeting of the league there
would not be more than 15 or 20 dele-1
gates entitled to seats. Butte and
Helena, he said, would have only!
about half a dozen delegates each,
while some of the cross roads towns
would have almost as many. "Where
is the fairness in that?" he asked.
Halsey K. Watson advocated a plan
providing for three delegates instead
of one as outlined in the original rec
Mr. Kennedy's Plea.
"In Butte," said City Clerk .1. M.
Kennedy of that city, "there was an
idea that this league was to be organ
ized in the interest of one town alone,
but we fought that idea and we have
brought a delegation here. Some of
the most prominent men of the state
are here, all imbued with the idea of
seeing Montana boomed and put in
her proper place. Proceed on the
lines indicated in your adoption of a
basis of representation and you will
find that there will be no scramble
for the next meeting. I do earnestly
hope you will exercise wisdom in fix
ing upon the number of delegates.
The county commissions s and mayors
represent their counties and cities, and
you need not be afraid that they will
take advantage of you if you give
them the appointment of a certain
number of delegates.
"Adopt the article as originally sub
mitted and you will have a progres
sive organization. You can't have an
enthusiastic convention with a dozen
men meeting In a great hall."
Delegate Stanton, of Bozeman, de
clared he had experienced a change
of heart, and thought Mr. Kennedy's
view the correct one; he declared he
felt as if he had been at a Methodist
There were remarks by George L.
Ramsey and Halsey R. Watson, the
former abandoning his position with
the declaration that "when he heard
the well rounded metaphors and the
beautiful similes of J. M. Kennedy he
always concluded that it was time for
him to take to the woods."
Original Draft Adopted.
The vote was then reconsidered,
Mr. Kennedy moved the adoption of
the article as originally drafted by the
committee, it was seconded by Judge
Goss and Mr. Stanton and the article
was in the constitution to stay. The
"Every chamber of commerce, busi
ness men's league, business men's as
sociation, commercial club or other
similar organization under whatso
ever name it may be known, sliall bo
eligible to membership in this associa
tion and representation in its session
shall be on the basis of two delegates
front each organization with a mem
bership of one hundred or less and
two delegates for each adidtional hun
dred members nt large appointed by
the county commissioners of each
county and two members at large ap
pointed by the mayor of each city
for each one thousand of population
or fraction thereof. Towns having no
commercial organization may be rep
resented at the session of this asso
ciation by delegates at large appoint
ed by the mayors of such towns and
such delegates shall be entitled to
every right and privilege of delegates
representing commercial bodies, but,
not more than one delegate at large
shall be appointed from each such
This resolution, Introduced by Paul
McCormick, wns adopted: "That we
would most heartily favor the earnest
co-operation between this organiza
tion and all transportation lines to the
Continued on page Two.)
JUDGE LESLIE DECIDES AGAINST
AGENT OF BUGGY COMPANY
Although Judge Leslie has decided
against C. G. Hodgdon in the now not
ed license case which reached him
from this county on habeas corpus
proceedings, tho controversy is by
no means ended. The defendant's at
torneys, H. L. De Kalb and Huntoon,
Worden & Smith, are preparing to
get the case before Judge E. K. Chea
dle again upon an agreed statement
of facts, and when the district court
has passed upon the issues presented,
an appeal will bo taken by the losing
side to tho supreme court for final
Hodgdon was fined $250 upon being
found guilty in a Justice court of sell
ing eastern carriages in Fergus coun
ty without a license. With a view
of testing the validity of the law,
Hodgdon refused to pay the fine or
the license, and gave himself up to
Sheriff Slater. The matter was taken
directly to the supreme court and
that tribunal directed Judge Leslie to
Hearing at Great Falls.
The case came up for hearing at
Great Falls last Saturday, when H. L.
De Kalb and J. C. Huntoon appeared
for Hodgdon, and County Attorney
Roy E. Ayers and Assistant Attorney
General Poorman repiesented the
sheriff, and J. W. Freeman represent
ed the Implement Dealers association,
which is back of this prosecution.
Counsel for Hodgdon attacked the
license law on the ground that, it in
terfered with Inter-state commerce.
At the close of the argument. Judge
Leslie took the question under advise
ment, and later he filed the following
order in the case:
"In the above entitled proceeding,
the defendant, Lincoln P. Slater, sher
iff of Fergus county, Montana, having,
in pursuance of a writ issued by the
supreme court, of the state of Mon
tana, appeared in person and produc
ed the body of the relator, C. G. Hodg
don, ami having filed his answer and
made returns showing tty what au
thority he hail in custody the said
relator appearing in person and by
counsel and the matter having been
argued and submitted and the court
"And it appearing that the relator
is held in custody rjid not in violation
of any of his legal rights—
"It is ordered that the writ be ami
is hereby dismissed and that relator
be remanded to the custody of said
"KID" LEE WEDS.
Prizefighter Marries Lewistown Girl
Havre, June 26.—"Kid" Lee, who
lost the title to the lightweight cham
pionship of Montana to Young Ketch
el in Helena last week, today wedded
Jennie T. Nicholas, of Lewistown,
Mont. The bride is also a sister-in
law of Alderman C. W. Young, one of
the landed proprietors of Havre and
promoter of varied industries. Kid
Lee's name as given to the officiating
magistrate at the wedding is Guy B.
Kill Lee today closed a match to
fight Tommy Wallace, of Philadelphia.
July 3, at Havre. Wallace recently
lost in ten rounds to Tommy Reilly
in Great Falls, but claims he was ov
erweighted. Lee makes the same
claim regarding his match with Ketch
New Danger Spots Are Said to be De
veloping in Various Sections of
the Great Empire.
COSSACKS ATTACK PREACHERS
Collisions Between Troops and Citi
zens May Occur at Any Time in
St. Petersburg, June 27.—These aie
gloomy days for the government of
Russia. Every new dispatch accentu
ates the seriousness of the situation in
Poland and the Caucasus, where a
state of almost open war exists, and
reports of strikes, demonstrations and
agrarian disorders are pouring in from
many parts of Russian proper, as if
the volleys fired at Lodz had been the
signal for an outbreak of general dis
orders like those following the events
of January 22, "Red Sunday."
Up to the present St. Petersburg
and Moscow have not been affected,
but if mobolization is to be attempted
in the two capitals, as reported, a
recrudescence of former tumults is
likely to occur.
Another danger spot is Georgia
(Rusisan trans-Caucasia), the war
like inhabitants of which are deeply
incensed over the affront offered to
their clergymen, 70 of whom, while
meeting to discuss the question of
church and state, were attacked by
Cossacks, who dispersed the preach
ers with knouts. The priests, in their
protest against this action, laid their
country under an interdict like that
pronounced in the middle ages, by re
fusing to solemnize baptisms, mar
riages and other rites of the church
until redress be given by the whole
orthodox church, of which the Geor
gian church is part. There is much
discussion of the incident, and the
beating of the priests has caused wide
The situation offers a crucial test
of General Trepoff, and the new po
lice minister is on trial before Russian
to justify his selection for so respon
sible a position.
The present trouble is all the more
sudden and tho more unexpected com
ing on tho heels of the good impres
sion produced by the emperor's recep
tion of the zemstvoists, and his prom
ise to consider their grievances and
to give the country a national assem
bly as rapidly as possible.
Dispatches from Poland continue to
bo meager and unsatisfactory. Ap
parently up to tho present there has
been no recurrence of disorder on the
scale of the lx)dz battle, but slight
cause may precipitate collisions be
tween troops and people in Lodz, War
saw, Kalisch and other Polish towns
at any moment, with death lists aS
large as that of Friday at Lodz.
Fearing its effect on the industrial
population, the St. Petersburg news
papers are forbidden even to repro
duce the account of the Lodz disor
ders appearing in the Warsaw Offi
cial Gazette, and though the fact that
rioting has occurred is allowed to be
chronicled, the censorship still bare
A dispatch from Erlvan reports a
new and alarming feature of the sit
uation in the Caucasus in the desire
of Persian Mohammedans to join their
brethren across the border, which
juncture would convert <u racial strife
Into a "holy war," and kindle a flame
which would devastate the southern
Caucasus and be extinguished only
by streams of blood.
Martial Law Proclaimed.
Lodz, Russian Poland, June 26.—
The governor general today proclaim
ed a state of siege in Lodz, and since
tho proclamation of martial law the
situation has become quiet. The ru
mor of a massacre of Jews has caus
ed 20,000 Jews to leave the town.
Scattered cases of rioting as a re
sult of the insurrectionary spirit con
tinue. One of these occurred In the
old Protestant cemetery, when a pa
trol was fired on from behind a wall.
The patrol charged and killed 12 per
Business Is at a standstill and all
traffic has been stopped.
SUTTON DRAMATIC COMPANY.
Successful Engagement Being Played
at the Opera House.
Tiie Sutton Dramatic company open
ed a week's engagement at the opera
house Monday evening, playing to an
audience that taxed the capacity of
the theatre. The audience was great
- Iy pleased with the performance, and
I especially with the work of Miss Sut
, ton. who heads the company. Anoth
er big audience witnessed the perform
ance last night, and the advance sales
indicate that business will continue
uniformly heavy during the entire en
gagement. A new play is given each
night. Uncle Dick Sutton, the fa
mous Butte theatrical manager, la
managing this tour. Miss Sutton, the
star of the company, being his daugh
Barn Struck by Lightning.
The big barn on Carl Anderson's
place, miles from town, was struck
by lightning (luring the thunderstorm
thàt prevailed early yesterday morn
ing, and being set on fire by the bolt,
was soon reduced to a heap of ruins.
The Anderson ranch is at present oc
cupied by Dairyman Robert Morrison,
who has a number of fine cows there,
but fortunately, at this time the ani
mals were out in the field, and thus
escaped injury. Mr. Anderson says
the barn represented about $4,500 in
labor and material. He carried no in