Newspaper Page Text
st r. it. uovnox.
Then art fairost of (be fair
Mr;r.U . .
And byftliiiie ijoi fisjwear,'
1'uM many wsid divine
WIJ give a iliaiuond lutri
!' a eimpled chic like thine.
, "Margaret J.
And rdat a jsliapcly form I
It tok tny Ii.-irt by elorm I
StA atsper liltfc'waist '"
And lip one longs to la&ta
Ah J all to awect and cLaU
Dot ab I those melting eyes I
What witchery ill thcia lies, .
Whilst the tresses soft anil long
That round thy shoulders throng
Deserve a Byron's tbng,
Thy voice it low and clear,
It ravishes the ear, r
"Ti like the low sweet coo
Of ringdoves when they woo,
And lthlnk you know it, too,
Why, that perfect little nose.
Would drive nc to propose,
'Twas turned ap in a pet, '
The last time that we met,
I'll be even wjth yon yet,
Margaret! ' " '
AGR ZC'UtL 31 UfB Ad, sc
An Indiana farmer informs uelhat fonr
years agbJiia neighbors lost a portion of
. I . - , T ' 1 1 1 - f ,-
lueir nugs uy .cuuiera, tviiue uis.uwn
drove remained in perfect liealtU. lie af-
tributes-his-owo-etcape from the lot to
the fact that id the-spring Jie bad burned
- j , i
oicr a piece oi raeauow lanci on wmcn
bis hogs were pastured during tbe sum
mer. This, of 'course sAve to-his hoes a
plentiful fupply of charcoal and ashes
substances lorywujcu hogs b&cm.io have
a craving. 1 TftiMfrigs which died.soTar
oslie could learn, bad no access to any
thing of the kind. Since'tbat experience
he has always kept, .charcoal and ashes
where his bogs conld go to-tbem 'when
ever they desired, and he has never been
troubled with cholera. We have frequent
ly recommended ashes as a cure for the
cholera, and it may be .need with equally
as good success as a preventative.
Our readers ehould'bearin raind thatttis
much easier to 'prevent the introd action
of the cholera than, it is to. cunf.'aijif pay5
the losses which oicWbefore'the -nature
of the disease is learned. Rural World.
Value or Va rm ' fPTrl nrii h ? YhVI
. - I.
The last xoltftncftDtlbo-ii-rieultural He-
port give tlflfocrag fiaijfe-alueof farra,
lew Hampthire 19 SO
Arkan;ai.y... 17 CO
Tcnnnie"ijr...- 12 "70
West Virginia. 5 04
Ohfol'J. 14 31
Vermont ... 17 87jTennnie.
Mattachunetta.- 31 10
. 20 SO
. 14 16
North Carolina- 11 3bjlli8ouri
Louisiana....... 16 57
Airalfn anraillc "
Those who are interested in producing
milk Tor city consumption, or elsewhere,
should heed what tbe Sacramento Record
has to say on ihenlfalfa for that purpose:
In the monthspfrlfay and June the fresh
ets in t b Bftcrarh en to river mined the
spnnggrowtlVbf natural grasses, covering
them with arid. " As a consequence, far
mers had to tnrnHbeir cows on a part of
their alfalfa fields. The It ecord remarks:
"Where this has been done, if only for a
short time, the universal testimony is,
that the effect has beento-ereatlv increase
tbe quantity And improve ' the quality of
the mi.k. In some instances the milk is
said tohave been increased fifty per cent,,
and the amount of butter in a Kreatcr pro
portion. This experience affords one of
tbe best tests or the comparative value ol
alfalfa we have met with, and taken in
connection with the other fact, well estab
lished, that the same land in alfalfa will
afford from three to, four times the auan
4itvoffood trfatflWlMrf'any'oP'the na
tive grae87glvlc4at!!e grass an almost
inestimable value fortlairfKirpose8.
Tlie Agricultural Department Report
details the experiments of aalowa farmer
by which it was shown That "20 one-year
hogs fed 28 days on dry shelled corn, con
sumed 33 bushels, and gained s837 pounds
in weigni, an average gain 01 over iu
pounds to each bushel of corn, which was
thus made.to return a value ol uu Ji-o cts.
per busllel. They were afterwards fed
14 days on meal ground fine and fed dry
(a full supply of water being furnished.)
They consumed 47 bushels, gaining 553
pounds in weight, or llJ.ppunds to. each
bushel fed, he.'ortt'reiurninjl value of
Obf cents per busiiei. JViterwards they
were led 14 days on 55 bushels of mebl
mixed with cold water, and made a gain
of 731 pounds, or 13 1-6 pounds to each
bushel of meal, the corn returning 05 5-0
cents per bushel. Tliev were then fed
14 days on 40 bushels of meal cooked.
with a train of G bounds rin -weight, or
very nearly 15 pounds for each bushel of
meal, the corn returning 74 4-5 cents per
3r t. ? T. r-r
Kccp but Ouc Dreed.
There is hardly. an .enthusiast on the
subject of.poultry who does not at first
endeavor to keep several .varieties, lie
visits an exhibition, or tbe yards of some
extensive dealer, and admiring various
breeds, purchases some of each, without
considering whether he has accoramoda'
tiotiB enough for all, and underestimating
the amount of time required to manage
them perfectly. We would say to all be
ginners, do not attempt to keen more than
one breed, unices you have pUnty of time
to spend, and in addition, inexhaustible
patience, and that tact possessed by the
Lorn naturalist, that is by one who has
an ingrained fondness for animals. The
interest in thoroughbred fowls is so
great and increasing that thousands of
novices set out etery year in the pursuit
of rearing them. There 13 little satisfac
tion, however, in the long run, in keeping
fowls, unless they are well managed.
Keep only one variety, therefore, in order
10 succeed as an amateur. Luc Stock
Winter Jliiloliiiisc Pasture Luuil
wills Stable .1I:iii3:re,
In case it is desirable lc?iariily the ma
Dure from the stables on land designed to
be pastured the following season, I have
adopted a course which I shall describe
with great satisfaction. Tho annual
weeds arc many of them earlier than the
grasses, and if they are allowed, by keep
ing og the htocl: until a late turning-out
reason, to grow and set for Eeeding, and
arc then mowed down and arc'allowcd to
remain on tbegroundas mulch, the grass,
though sonic ol it may have been chop
ped on in cutting the weeds, will outgrow
the weeds, and its growth being promoted
bv the mulch, but that applied from the
stables and that from the mown weeds.
will develop astonishingly, and the yield
of pasturage Svill be very satisfactory.
Manure applied in this way, on land to
be pastured a year or more before it is to
be turned in, will be found vastly more
profitable than that turned in the first
spring after it has been applied. Cor.
Orchard Grass tor the Nonlti.
Among the grasses which have been
fully: tested and found well suited to the
Southern climate, orchard grass occupies
quite a prominent position. Though
somewhat coarse if cut when in flower,, it
makes most excellent hay, It will stand
almost any amount of drouth without in
jurv, and shade does not jjurt it. This
gives it a peculiar Hralue 'as a pasture
eras"; it will nourish among trees whose
shade will 1 nfim purr art aa A-tooK.
A Pleasuring I'ail.
A very handy thing is a pail so gradu
ated and, marked tbat one can tell at a
glance how many quarts of fruit or milk
are in ll. A 'six quart pan can be mens
ured carefully and then, marked with a
little ridge running round the pail made
by "running a groove on tbe inside of the
tin, like the ridges that are put on to a
stove-pipe. Any good linBmkircamiiake
one, and make it accurately enough to
serve .as a measure for quarts. Pails
thus marked may become almost indis
r Time f o'Mnlcli Strawberries.
- Whatever may. be said of the best time
to mulch strawberries to protect them du-
ring the winter's cold and tbe spring frosts,
my experience rests in' putting on the
mulch just after the ground has become
frozen say, one to two inches deep; cover
the line between ..the crowns of the vines
four inches deep, and over the crowns
only put one inch .straw,- leaves, bog
uay or coarse crass utter is an mat is req
uisite. -CbrrorKmaVnt Country Gentleman.
Soil for .Fruit. T
The Gardeners' Monthly gives briefly
4tiA rnllnuiinfr hiIm fni- C1 r i n ry lliA T w a f
SO i I s for the different fruits: A light dry
lsn sou ior me peacn, a sironz loamy sun
, l r . 1 . i 1
tor tbe pear, nearly the same lor the
:lum. a heavy loam-for the'apple if on
limestone, sail tlie -.baiter, and for the
Cherry a soil similar to that of tbe peach
For The Hartford Herald.
CAN AND CANT.
These seem to be the positive and nega
tive principles necessary to the proper reg
ulation of human affairs: the centrifugal
and centrijictal powersthat somewhat con
fine the actionB ot man to the moral
splicrcin-jshich. providence desijiReAiuin.
to move, ana tnougii mere may oe excep
tions to all the laws of nature, and some
variations oTtTie natural attributes of hu
manity, the above conclusions are aggre
gately -true. Many examples tniglit be
given in illustration, hut a lew will sulhce,
as telling the world what it already knows
would amount to nothing more than coal
A man cannot help his opinions, but he
can forbear using tbem as stones to de
molish the pet theories of other people.
It Is also admissible that he 'cannot help
being "wise in Jiis own conceit," but sure-,
ly he can avoid parading the fact for the
amusement of public assemblies.
llic mirror of vice mav reflect beautiful
temptations to the young and thoughtless,
but the all-sufficiency of self-agency in any
emergency cannot be doubted.'1
borne cannot help their lack of faith in
the manifold doctrines of the different
churches, or want of confidence in all the
dogmas of orthodox demagogues; political
or otherwise; but they can, take refuge in
the stronghold ol silence from the excom
municating policy of "popular opinion and
desecrating jdust of public anathema.
Men cannot help the brute conrage-wilh
which they are naturally endowed, but is
it not possible to make tbem understand
that their's is Yiot tho' true bravery that
would encounter danger for the good of a
fellow-creature, but only the kind that
would wear the, prize-belt at the expense
al a physically inferior combatant! .
Une can smile at the vah.cfroastinir of
gbvvhile-J:e" chokes the desire
to say, "Pay your debts, sirr and the fe-"
licity of a braggadocio will belong to an
other, for no .one can. Jong conceal his
financial inability, 'especially'if it is the
result of self-indulgence.
Some cannot helpiQUrgirlgsnvith the
heart while praising-wifM the 'Hps'.- We
cannot tame our thoughts, but we can
bridle the tongue "for the sake of peace in
borne cannot help the desire to wear
the immortelle of authorship, but they
could reiet the temptation to monopolize
the columns of the newspaper with bung
ling evidences of the fact that "a little,
learning is a dangerous thing,'' though
some don't, YOU SEE.
A eood patron attends all the.mectinss
of bis grange. w Is always on hand when
the meeting opens. 11 an olhcer, his
chair is never vacant. If a married man,
his wife is a matron. He thinks she hns
as good a right to enjoy the benefits and
pleasures of the grange as he. He doesn't
blow the secrets of the order on the pub
lic streets, or whisper them around the
corner. He doesu t think he is the only
interesting talker in the order; but he
sometimes lutenswjtb bis ears as well as
talks with his mouth. He' defends the
honor as well as the interest of brothers
and sisters. If poor, he feeds them; it
sick he sits up with them; if in trouble,
he comiorts them. A good patron is a
good man everywhere.
Are we, the farmers and Patrons of
this vicinity, willing to devote a half day
once a mouth for the mutual benefit of
each other, in relating our experience in
farming, stock-raising and general busi
ness intelligence, interspersed nith dis
cussions and essays ? We believe in the
intellicencc of the rural districts, and we
would see the farms in much better order,
well trained and stocked with improved
stock ot all Kinds, and ornamented with
neat buildings and surrounded aid ten
anted with happy families whose boys
would not with to remove to tbe city.
I f. r ,. 1 T- . ?
tur. iuoorcsviuc mu.; j&aierpnse.
THE ATLANTA SUICIDE
Tragical Dentil of President Tay
lor's .ecreinrvol IVtir Tea At
tempts, ami the I.nst One ratal.
Atlanta Herald, 22d.
Yesterday morning, at an earlv hour.
a report spread, like fire in a prairie, that
n man uau vuiumiueu suiciue ai ins
room in the llillyer building, on Alabama
street. A Herald reporter very soon
madejiis way to the door of the room,
on third floor, where a crowd had already
collected. Entering the bed-room, which
was about 12 by 14, with a small sidei
room, we found the dead body lying just
to incj-ight 01 the entrance, the feet ex
tending out nearly in front of the door,
with the legs slightly drawn up, and the
body lying on its left side, at an angle of
nbout forty-five degrees from the wall.
the head rested upagainst the base-board
in a pool of blood, the facp inclined a
little to the left side, with the lea eve
ball forced almost from its socket, aud
lookine verv blue: the ri-rlit eve in not
quite so bad a fix; the mouth wide open,
ana cioggea with blood. The hands
were clasping a Colt's revolver, with.one
chamber empty. The left hand held the
barrel-ol the pistol which was about
ten or twelve inches from" the mbuth, and
pointing directly toward it while the
right loosely grasped the handle of the
pistol, as 11 the trigger had been pulled
with the thumb. The body was dressed
in plain clothins. which'the deceased
had prepared belore Imn J, m will be seen
irom the documents which he left behind.
A cape overcoat was thrown loosely over
the body, which was resting nnrtlv nn it
Hie loot cf the bedstead Mas toward the
body. Xhere were, various nieces of to!
erable neat furniture iu the room, inclu
ding a bureau, all of which he has dis
posed ofin the bequest The coal fire in
the grate had nearly burned out.
WOW THE DEED WAS DOSB.
Before cammitting tlie act the deceased
had evidently cot up. took a bath, dressed
.himself in the old clothes pre paled for the
occasion, placed the rug on tbe floor, just
to the right and nearly in front of the en
trance, then clasped the barrel of the ms'
tol in his left hand, with the muzzle in
his mouth, while he pullel the trigger
with uic thumb 01 the right hand, then
ten to the floor, resting on his left side.
The ball did not pass out, but evidently
ranged up through the brain. There, is no
doubt but tbat he died without a struggle,
ueing (tinea instantly.
Tnx rinsr alarm.
inc urst notice ot the tragedy was
even by Edmund Hardy, a porter for the
Southern Life Ineurance Company, whose
oinccj8in tue grounu noor 01 the same
building, idmund Hardy interviewed,
says: ''I have attended to Col. Anderson's
room ever since he has been rooming
there. ' I was up in his room late yester
(erday eveningand.he was iu bed. When
I went to his room he told me there. was
no use of coming in, rfs there was nothing
to no. 1 went up to his room this morn
mg about 9 o clock to carry a bucket of
water, -as usual, and I sat the bucket of
water down and unlocked tbe door when
I saw him layine risht at the door.
did not know but tbat he was drunk, al
though 1 never knew inm to take
drink, and when L touched him I found
that he was stiff, and then J saw the pis
tol in his hands.. Then Iran down stairs
into Abe insnrance office, and told Mr,
Helium and his eon, and ilr. Haralson.
They all rau up to the room, and Mr.
Kellurn told me to run and get a police
mail and a doctor., W hen 1 got the police
and got back Dr. Johnson wai there."
The police remained in, the room and
allowed no one to touch a. thing until the
coroner arrived,, which was. about 11
o'clock. A jury was cmpnnneled imme
diately, and the investigation commenced.
The pistol was taken from his hand by
Dr. Roach, who therl turned the. corpse
on its back, presenting; a horrible specta
cle. Colonel Samuel J. Anderson was a
man apparently sixty years ofage, though
of remarkable vigor and elastic vivacity,
and quick of motion. He was about, five
feet ten inches high; of slender build, thin
face, high cheek bones, prominent fore
head, gray hair, gray mustache, trimmed
short; neat gray imperial, steel-blue gray
eyes, large and lustrous. He was a man
of great reticency and reserve, such a one
as no one would approach without being
acquainted with him. He is said to have
been, by his friends in this" city, a man of
sterling Integrity, of high honor, with a
profound regard for tho truth. He pos
sessed a wonderful amount of informa
tion. His deportment was always gen
tlemanly and of a noble bearing. This,
together with his polished education and
information, led him into the best of so:
Ke-iSttlixVy some to have been born
m Kentucky, and by others lobe a native
of New York State. However, this much
is well authenticated : In 1842 he came
In Aufmkta. Ga. when a vmini nmn-
There he lived for many years, filling the
place ofsheritl of Kichmond county for
twoor three years. Ascending the lad
der ptill higher, when Hon. pcorge W.
Crawford was elected.Govvrnor, he made
deceased his privateiecretary. Filling
this position for fouVyearaVhe went to
Washington, D. C. wjth -Governor Craw-
lord, wheu he was appointed Secretary of
War by President Taylor. Governor
Crawford appointed him his chief clerk
in the Warepaiunent, bovcrnor Craw
ford very soon" resigned lift" position", and
Colonel Anderson was appointed
SECRETARY OF WAR,
adinterlm. During his brief occupancy
of this place, he issued an important
order, which is said to be a very extraor
dinary public document. Gen. Winfield
Scott was at once, upon its appearance,
appointed Secretary of War, which re
lieved Col. Anderson ofhis position. Af
terwards he was elected, chief clerk of the
House of "Representatives in Congress,
which place beheld for four years.
Since the war he has been deputy sher
iff for two years under John Kelly in the
city of New York.
It is said that he was employed on
"Brick'1 Pomeroy's Democrat when jt
was at its zenith in Iiew York. Subse
quently he held some position in "Boss"
He has teen a warm friend of Hon.
Alexander IL Stephens for a number of
years, and at the solicitation of that gen
tleman came to Atlanta about three year
ago, this or next month, to take a o
sition on tue Atlanta oun, which paper
was then controlled by jSlr. Stephens
Butowiug to some difficulties with the
office managers he did not remain very
long with the un. ue was then em
ployed by Gov. Brown on the Western
and Atlantic railroad, where he remained
a little over a year.
FORMER ATTEMPTS AT SClCinE. ""W
While in the city of New York, Col.
Anderson several times got out of em
ployment, and beinza man who had been
subjected to a great many misfortunes
during his life, descending from wealth
and power to poverty and want, he gave
way to the impulses of his nature, and as
mam' as nine times attempted to take his
own life. At one time he attempted sui
cide by cutting the femoral vein in his
left thigh and bled until he fainted.
At another time he cut the humeral
vein in his left arm, intending to cut the
artery in this, as in the former instance.
lie bled this time until he minted from
loss of blood. At another time he at
tempted to cut his throat, but failed to
cut sufficiently to end his life, but left a
scar which lasted all his life. At anoth
er time he put the muzzle of a loaded
pistol in his mouth, and pulled the trig
ger, but it failed to go off, the cap only
bursting. At another time he took two
ounces tincture aconite, but vomited it
up. At another time he took two ounces
ol McMunn's elixir of laudanum, which
be also threw up. He has been heard to
say that he has made nine attempts at
suicide. Bat it remained for this last,
the tenth attempt, yesterday morning,
to prove the successful one, which, for
coolness of deliberation and minuteness
of execution, in every particular, stands
TUE ALLEGED CAUSE.
Some three months aco Colonel Ander
son gave as many as two different parties
here in Atlanta to understand that be
.was some kind of a Government detective
for Una city. Hut-he that as it may, he
has received invhey and assistance from
several parties in Atlanta, nevertheless
was in very straightened circumstances.
About three months aco Dr. John M.
Johnson, of this city, a practicing physi
cian: in partnership with Ur. 11. V.M.
Miller, took it upon himself to intercede
with General Robert Toombs in behalf
of Colonel Anderson, and wrote him a
letter upon the subject. . Very soon Gen
eral Toombs came to the city, and in
room 64 of the Kimball House, one night,
gave Colonel Anderson a written draft on
Austell e bant lor $IUU. This ueneral
Toombs presented to Colonel Anderson
just as Colonel Nicbolls, who then kept
the hotel, stepped into the room, with
the remark, "lfere,tak it; I don't want
any due-bill." , Colonel Nicholls, says
after Uolonel Anderson leu, that ueneral
Toombs stated that he was. an old politic
al friend, aud he bad been furnishing
him money for some time.
GENERAL TOOUDS CONTRACT.
About this time Gen. Toombs entered
into' some kind of an arrangement with
Col. Anderson, which unfortunately has
been misstated or misconstrued on both
Col. Anderson informed some of his
friends that Gen. Toombs had employed
him for one yearns his agent in Atlanta
at a salary of $125 per month. That he
was to look up authorities, witnesses &c,
and attend to other matters lor lien
Toombs here in this city. Others state
that Gen. Toombs only employed him
for a specified time, or until he could get
other employment; and that when ben
Toombs employed him, he asked Col
Anderson how much it would take to
support hi in as a gentleman: when Col
Anderson replied, that he thought $125 a
month would be suthcienu
There are many who state that there is
no doubt but what uen' loombs acted 111
bad faith with Col. A., for it was certain
that he understood by the contract tbat
he waa employed for a year. However,
soon after this. Col. Anderson drew
dratt on Gen. Toombs, at Washington,
Wilkes county, for sixty-two dollars and
irlmlf. 'xLllL1 nm lin.n.n.1., .Ill 'uW.it
month he drew again for illlo which
Mr. Jerry Lynch indorsed, and was. paid
at W. M. fc R. J. Lowry's bank. Jn due
course of time this draft came back
From thai moment Col. Anderson was
a changed man. A lengthy and bitter
correspondence between liim and Uen
Col. Anderson frequently spoke to sev
eral of Ins mends about taking Ins life,
and really tho idea was presented to Uen.
Toombs in the first instance, which elic
ited his aid in order to prevent it if pos
sible. But the stern hand ot inexorable
fate was working. Col. Anderson s won
ted disposition was wrought up to the
proper degree, when yesterday morning,
after mature deliberation and with pre
meditation, he placed the muzzle of tbe
- . . 1 1 : - " . 1 1 1 -i. . . : .
pisioi iu uis ujuuiu wuiuu aem uiui imu
The coroner's jucy were tr opinion that
deceased, then lying dead in the third
floor of the Hillyerbnfldiny.on Alabama
street, Dr. E. J. Roach making the post
mortem, camp la Sis death because of a
r:tol-l--l wound' inflicted by his own
u-.ida. This was certified to by coroner
William Kyle and Dr. E. J. Roach.
LETTER TO 'DR. JOHNSON.
The following letter to Dr. Johnson
was read by him before the coroner's
Atlanta, Sunday, Dec 20, 1874.
To Br. J. M. Johnson:
My Dear Sir Thoughtfully, even
cheerfully, I obey the stern fiat of irresiat
able circumstances, without discussion
and, without murmur. My remarkable-
vigor and acknowledged capacities seem
utterly unavailable for "ordinary pur
poses. Be it so.
I have much to be thankful for !o your
self and other personal friends, and feel
no enmity or hatred against any pan.
L hope Toombs will so far vindicate him
self as to protect Jerry Lynch from the
consequences of a protest which could not
have been anticipated.
To-morrow morning I intend to place
the muzzle of my pistol in my mouth
and pull the trigger. I thus bluntly state
my intention in order to avoid, if possible,
a "coroners 'quest," or legal investigation.
I shall dree! myself; after bathing as
usual, in a suit of old clothes; good enough
I opine, for the purpose in view. My
better clothes will be of use to my son.
I hope to be luried as I fall.
You will find in my table drawer fur
ther communications and requesta
I euclose fifty-odd dollars, to go towards
funeral expenses, and to express my
trunk to New York.
Regrettiug the absence of Dr. Miller,
please remember me to him, and present
mv nhotoerarh herewith inclosed. Fare
well, my frietd. S. I. Anderson.
The following waa written in pencil:
You will find keys' etc., in table draw
er, with my spectacles and eye-glasses
one for Dr. Johnson, one for Dr. Miller.
S. J. A.
The following was written on legal
foolscap in a good smoth hand:
PRIVATE AND PERSONAL.
To Drs. Johnion and Miller:
I, Samuel J. Anderson, present to my
friends the following trifling requesta and
To my son. Sam. J. Anderson, all such
of my best clothing and effects as can be
packed in my sole-leather urunk.
I would request Dr. Orine to communi
cate with A. H. Dawson, 231 Broadway,
N. Y., before expressing the trunk to him.
Not having heard from the boy for some
months, inquiry will be necessary. I
would rely on Mr. Dawson's information
and advice in the premises. I suppose
the clothing would be of much value to
him and of very little value to any one
else. But if they nre not available to
him, after inquirv, 1 would beg that the
same be forwarded to my son, Henry
Blasdell Anderson (about 14 years ofage)
at Springfield, Erie county, N. Y. He
can be written to and easily found, by ad
dressing John U. Strong, Attorney, Buf-
laio, r. x.
To .Dr. Miller:. The furniture in my
room, according to bill in left-hand bu
reau drawer, is.Ur. -Miller's property; also,
box of coal iXc, to Miller and Johnson.
To Jerry Lynch: A new pair of pants
wranDed in Daper returned becau6e I am
unable to pay for them.
To Matilda Harris, my honest and
faithful washerwoman, the following
trifles: coal-scuttle, shovel, trunk and
strap, writing-table, umbrella, tin box,
broom and towels. She will pack my
trunk, and dispose orold clothes eta, as
lo tA. Hardy: My vause'and contents:
Toll, loombs not private: My pistol
with my recommendation that he rid the
world ol hia presence by imitating my ex
ror burial: I think shirt, drawers, and
socks, with my bin coat wrapped, around
me, win be quite sufficient, i have tried
to save money enough to bury me and
express my trunk, etc. I shall have-
about sixty dollars in my pantaloons
pocket. b. J ANDERSON,
Atlanta, Dec. 10. 1874.
The above'was addressed on the back.
in -pencil, "To Dr. Miller and Johnson."
His signature is bold aud smooth, and in
business style; but the date below is in a
very weak and nervous hand, as if he
was trembling under excitement
who resides on Harris street, says that
CoL Anderson called at her house on Sun
day night, and got an old shirt of his
which he had once given her when he
bought half a dozen new ones. He re
mained at her house until about nine
o'clock, and when he left he carried away
tbe old shirt in a bundle. Evidently he
told her of his intentions. She said that
when she brought his clothes' home last
Wednesday, he said something to the
effect that if she ever found him dead in
his old clothes, he wanted her to let him
remain so; and then told her she must
pack up his thinss in the leather trunk,
if anything happened, and send them to
Last week he had a dozen ofhis photo
graphs struck .oft at Smith & Motes.
1 nese were leu among nis friends, one
each to Drs. Miller and Johnson and to
Mrs. Hinkle.- It is thought he sent some
to biB children mentioned in his bequest.
Yesterday morning Col. Henry D. Capers
'got one through the mail, and, wondering
what it could mean, started to go up to
Dr. Johnson s otlice to see (Jo I. Anderson
when he was informed of his death.
WHAT COL. CAPERS SAYS ABOUT TUB CON
Understanding that Col. Capers was
familiar with certain antecedent facts' con
nectcd with Mr. Anderson's late life, a
Herald reporter called at hit office to
gather such information as he, might be
able, to give. ,
Reporter Do you know Mr. Anderson,
4-wk-ooimttMl auicido-tliia mornincr t
Col. Uapers 1 do", and was introduced
to Mr. Anderson since my recent arrival
in your city, who impressed me as being
a moody, melodramatic person. I saw
him, among other gentlemen, at General
Toomb's room, at the Kimball House,
some two weeks ago.
Reporter Do you know anything
about some protest papers picked up in
the Kimball House?
Col. C Although these should be
private matters, yet with the publicity,
with which these papers were handed me,
I suppose, toyouraculeness, have become
about as notorious aa other matters in
Atlanta. The papers were given to the
cashier of the hotel, or the clerk, who
handed them to Mr. Anderson the next
Reporter What were these papers?
Col. C I don't know, more than that
Mr. A. asked for a protested draft of his
at the desk in the Kimball House, and
Xteporter Wliere were these papers
Col. C. Right there :n the center of
the rotunda or vestibule, and my atten
tion was called to them by the clerk.
Reporter If you have no objections.
please state to me upon whom this draft
was drawn and by whom.
Col. C Mr. Anderson informed me
that it was his draft, and drawn on Gen.
Toombs in favor of Mr. Lynch, of this
city. My dear sir. I do not wish to be
misunderstood, nor would 1 have lor any
consideration any misrepresentations
made. I am sure from my personal
knowledge that General Toombs had dis
bursed in a lavishly generous manner his
benefactions to Mr. Anderson, who was
introduced to him by Dr. J. M. Johnson,
of your city.
Reporter Do you know whether there
was a written contract between Mr. An
derson and General Toombs?
Col.C. I know upon the statement of
General Toombs, who 1 know to be a
truthful man, and above a mean act, that
there never was any written, parol, ex
pressed or implied, contract between him
and Mr. Anderson for more than a lim
ited time, in which he (Anderson) should
seek employment, by which to support
himself. Uen. loombs thought suincienl
time had expired and protested his draft.
alter having paid his drafts for near $300,
Gen. Toombs assured me tbat be consid
ered this money as a free gift, and for
which he had received no benefits what
Reporter What is your opinion about
suicides in general.?
Col. C. I do not believe that any sane
man would commit suicide. 1 can un
derstand the suicide of Socrates when tbe
Athenians decreed it, but I am. assured
in my mind that any person who commits
suicide to get rid of the troubles of this
world lias not sufficient mind to meet
Mr. W. L. Hunt, clerk in the. Kimball
House, corroborated Col. Capers, regard
ing the finding af tbe draft, and says that
it was taken from his pigeon-hole in the
key-rack'; and inquired of CoL Capers
about it, when he was told Col. Anderson
had cot it.
We came near forgetting to mention
that only $54 40 waa found in Col. An
derson's room, . and Ibat was found by Dr.
Johnson in a table-drawer, sealed up in
nn envelope with the letter addressed to
him. With this he paid the funeral ex
penses, which took place yesterday ailer-
noon at half-past 4 o clock. He was
buried in tho cemetery.
The following document was found
among hia papers, addicssed to a gentle
man of thi9city, whose namo we withhold.
We give it verbatim:
TO THE PUBLIC.
I, Samuel J. Anderson, in the sixty-
fourth year of mv age. but in remarkable
enjoyment of all my facilities of mind and
body in full view of all the responsibil
ities of a voluntary death, and prompted
by a due respect for the feelings, opinions
and prejudices of the living beg leave,
respectfully, to submit the following ob
servations: First, as to the bad influence, or bad
example of suicide. All the agents of
modern civilization have universally and
justly denounced it; and they have
hedged against it by appeals to human
fears and superstition's, aa well aa by all
the appliances of education. To this
course 1 shall certainly take no exception.
But each case, must, at last, stand upon,
and be judged upon, its own causes, ex
cuses or merits whether committed un
der the influence of insanity, positive.
partial or momentary Hjr with deliberate.
sane and intelligent purpose. As to the
influence of example, perhaps it may be
over-estimated. The instinctive love of
life, and the instinctive dread of death
will always prove sufficient general guar
antees against it will always confine the
danger within very narrow limits, and I
nave sometimes suspected that there ja
even more danger ol too few. instead of
too many, committins the "rash act.
Catos, and Brutii, and Zen 03, and Cum-
minga are never very numerous!
I know of no one who can be iniured
or much affected by my death at present.
Even a more valuable man khan myself
is soon lorgotten.
1 have no fears for the future. I be
lieve in the right. I know things in the
great beyond ought.to be made right, and,
therefore, I believe they jvjlj.be. How,
or by what means, 1 do not" propose to
guess, itiis, However, constitutes my
simple faith. I believe in virtue and
practical morality, in their most enlarged
sense to do all the go'od in our power:
and to prevent all the evil we can. I be
lieve in knowledge, in truth, in science.
and am not inclined to indulge in mere
belieis. 1 believe in experience and ob
servation, ana their natural and positive
results, and attach but little importance
to mere heresay evidence on any subject,
"Nothing is easier than living," except
to lie under mistake. Mere probabilities
ought to be handled with caution; im
probabilities are unworthy of respect, and
can only be established by incontrover
tible testimony. Religion or religions
belief, without truthfulness and practical
morality, is a delusion and a snare the
shadow without the substance. One is
hollow and deceptive, the other solid
and reliable. One resembles Bounding
brass, the other refined gold. One is.
fluctuating as incontrovertable currency,
the other fixed and stable.
Such views as mine, although none
may doubt their being honestly enter
tained, have prevented my becoming
what is useful in tbe society where my
lot has been cost; yet I am so constituted
as.to be incapable or dissimulation.
I have been what the world calls un
Ifor'tunate. I have often ailed in my best
efforts. 1 have enjoyed myself almost
wonderful health ot body aud mind.
With a very few exceptions, I have been
enabled, under extraordinary trials, to
preserve a serene cheerfulness. I am
cheerful even now. But I find myself at
this juncture, with absolute want, or a
miserabld state of dependence, staring
me in the face. I do not perceive how I
can make myself useful, or contribute lo
the advancement or happiness of others.
I have calmly surveyed the field. More
over; I have juat at this period met with
a severe and shocking disappointment.
which strikes me like a fatal blow.
When the shock first came, tbe first im
pulse was one of resentment, but reflec
tion enabled me to conquer it.
At last I have come to the conclusion
that a further struggle is hardly worth
"After life's fitful fever he sleeps well."
Atlanta, Dec. 16, 1874.
The following letter, addressed to
gentleman in this city, was among the
papers he lelL It is quite interesting.
and was written in a firm and precise
hand tbe day belore his death:
ms" 'views on the'centennial and beli
In regard to great public affairs, 1
shall notice only one. I regret that 1
shall not be permitted to participate in
tbe .National Centennial celebration at
Kitaxfc-Jcliia-in 1870. I .hail hor-d tn
participate in it. I regard it sound poli
cy forall tbe Southern States to partici
pate in it zealously and patriotically,
instead of listening to particular individ
uals, who are panting and puffiug over
the "Lost Cause," would it not be more
wise and more manly to understand and
acquiesce in its philosophy? Daniel
Webster, in one ofhis orations, speaking
of the Slates and the Union, said: ''They
arc distinct as the waves, but one as the
sex" During the present century, at
any rate,- it is not probable that any im
portant change can be, or ought, to be,
effected in the existence of the relations
of the States. Early, perhaps, in the
twentieth century, with an hundred mil
lions of population, and fifty States, some
important political and economical
changes may become imperative.
I had hoped to participate in the grand
Centennial, to express, in some way or
other, the deep interest I feel, and always
felt, in the progress and emancipation of
mankind. Progress and order should
march hand in hand, although they do
not always appear, to ouc limited view,
to keep pace with each other. When
the sanguine but mighty mind., the fear
less spirit of Tom Paine, aftwhe had im
parted to the American revolution its
vital impulse, sent forth his "Rights of
Man," in reply lo Edmund Burke, he evi
dently anticipated a more rapid and clear
ly defined progress than has been real
ized. Peace to hia ashes. Eternity to
his memory. The first crop of the seed
which his hand so vigorously planted
has brought forth good fruit, and the
"next crop will be in due proportion to
the first. And at. the grand Centennial,
when orators are dilating on the glorious
historical group; when they are drawing
their word pictures to be photographed
all over the world; when they are crowd
ing the sun's rays upon the portraits of
Washington, .and franklin, and Jeffer
son, aud their illustrious compeers, Tom
Paine, the mechanic, the poet, the finan
cier, the soldier, tbe statesman, and the
philosopher, will rise up and stand iu the
foreground, whether they welcome him
or not. The author of "Common Sense,"
the "Crisis." the "Rights of Man." and
the best slandered man in the history of
the world, will be sure to be there. The
man whose broad motto was and he
lived bv it "The world is my country.
and to do good my religion," will be sure
to be there. S. J. A.
December 19. 1874.
Thus ends the career of a man who
more reminds ua in his life of Aaron
Burr than any one we can imagine. He
was undoubtedly a genius, as hia writings
Immense Profit Made on.Tliem by
a Wisconsin Dealer.
The Chicago Journal's letter from tfsn-.
keean, ill., sayi: .
"lion. 31. n. Cochrane, member of tio Can
adian Senate from the province it Quebec, and
Simon Beattie, F.i., of WhiUvaile, province
ot Ontairio, have just parr!a;ed from George
Murray, Esq., of Racine Wis., aboat ons"
half of hia select herd of short-horns. Tho
pnrcaasa is said to be the largest in amonnt
ever made at private sale in this country. In
cluding in all fourteen head, among them six
lemaies 01 tne eeieracea JJaehess tribe, eight
females of ether choice, popular families".
The price paid for the lot is not as yet mads
public, but must be in the Vicinity of $100,000,
for it is a well-understood fact that soon after
the great New York Mills sales, held near
Utiea, N.T., ia September, a year ago, Mr.-
ai array reiasea Bi9,uo each for tha six
Duchess of Slairsondale. which are included-
in tho purchase.
t ne cattle wm he shipped In s day or so W
Mr. Cochrane'! farm at Hillhurst, Canada.
Peculiar interest will attach to this important
sale from the fact that Mr. Cochrane has Iodr
been recognized as a leader of the "Booth"
party- in this country, owning-, perlraps; th
most valuable herd of "Booth" cattle- la tha
world. His purchase of the six pare Duchess,
which are regarded as par txctVenet ef
"Bates" blood, together with the other eisht
females in which "Bates" blood predominates,
will undoubtedly be hailed by the Bate"
men as a concession of their side."
A letter from Racine, from a centleman of
standing, well known ia this ei,ty, dxlod De
cember 9, iu referring .tq . tbis.iile.ej given
bove says: "This is no hnmbug. The sfr
eows nd heifers Mum sold at 10.000
each,i were all the products of a heifer he
bougtfj or George N". Bedford, of Kentucky,
flveyeariago,for$1.000, 3ho has had" fonr
heifer calves, and one of these has had a
young heifer calf, making the six head. Tbe
other eight head of short-horosr were of Mar
ray's own raising, bat not of the Duchess blood
pretty good blood, however, to sell for
11,250 a Bead, six months to- three yean old.""
Divorce Made Easy In OregOH.
San Francisco Examiner.
The Legislature of Oregon decrees that la
ths t Commonwealth the voluntary separation
of man and wife shall work the legal effect of
divorce. Indiana has hitherto enjoyed tha
distinction of possessing the broadest and
smoothest highways of escape from connubial
weariness, or woe which were open to that
melancholy and endless procession of fugi
tives. She has greatly Increased her transien
population, the revenue of hex boardinghoasea
and attorneys, and the liveliness of her local
newspapers, by theliberallty of her statutory
provisions on this point. Bat this eminence
is now lost on her, nor can she regain it with
out adopting the simple and comprehensive
system put in force by the Oregenlans. It is
dimeul indeed to imagine a further simplifi
cation of tho process. When a husband eaa
divorce himself by petting on his hat and
going round the corner, or s wife by yoking
art the oxen and going to visit her mother,
without legal fees, citations, notices', or other
technical formalities, all has been done for
matrimonial malcontents which itii possible
to do'. This enlightened and generoas legis
lation will doubtless occasion a largo accession,
of population to the State. Statistics signify
that more women than men seek divorces, and
as (he newly -divorced female is observed to be
especially sensitive and responsive to good
offers, It may be that the Oregoniaa Calebs
have hit upon this expedient for the purpose
of decoying wives to them. Women are very
searco in these frontier regions. It has-' been.
aErmed, remarks the New York World, that
when a New England school-mistress arrive!
in an Oregon town she is waited upon by the
entire adult male population and proposed,
for by each in due form and this serious com
petition usually ends in a game of all-fours
between the parson and tha Justice of the
peace, the winner taking, the school ma'am
and the rest of the competitors going est sa
the prairie to swear. It is, indeed,, said that
of several cargoes of yoong ladler sent" some
years since from New England to the Pacific
coast most of them were proposed for through
speaking trumpets as soon aathe steamer eame
within hailing distance of the wharf: Such,
nareity of wives as this evinces justifies
almost any reasonable mode of iaroking a.
supply. Perhaps the roundabout mode
adopted by the Oregon Legislature may tarn
out as clever and effective as any which, could
have been devised
A Card From Secretary of State Crad
dock. To the Eiitor of tho Courler-Jonrnal.
FrunrroET, Dec. IB, 187-1.
I presume that, among other complaintsf
made against the action of the Central and Ex
ecutive Committees in calling for a State Dem
ocratic convention to nominate candidates for
tho office of Governor, Ac, it is objected, that
thecommittee suggested the Democratic vote at
the last Presidential electioa as the basis of rep
resentation in the next Slate convention.
The committee ia making the call had no
authority to do more than 10 designate the time
ana place oftn'TJTj'ScbKirg'jf-iys eo&vcntfon.
The convention alone has the power to deter
mine the basis of representation, thou jh it has
been customary heretofore for the committee to-
mate a suggestion npon that subject in order
10 cuuie iue counties to approximate the num
ber of delegates to which each is entitled.
It has been usual to. accept the Democratto
vote of the most recent ceneral State election as
ho basis, a Presidential election being always
preferred, and on this occasion the last Presi
dential electioa was indicated without discus
sion or reflection in regard to the peculiar cir
cumstances connected with that canvass.
I am perfectly satisfied that the committee ia
their action.in this resnect. inadrertentlv made
a mistake by recommending the Democratic)
voie 01 me last Presidential election as the ba
sis of representation; but no injury or inconve
nience can possibly grow out of It, as it is with
in me power or tne convention to regulate the
matter as may be deemed lost and nroDer.
Either tho vote ior Governor, er Clerk of tha
lyoart or Appeals, will be more satisfactory to
the party, and the one or the other will no
doabt be adopted.
I atk permission to mako this explanation
to tho.Democraey of tbe State.. . ""
U. W. CKADDOCK.
Caring for Fans Implements.
There is no principal in farming better es
tablished than that all tool and machines
should be housed when not In use, and the
farmerwho neglects this if greatly wanting
in the elements of econclmv. The mowing
machine thatls left standiag in the fence cor
ner can not be expected to do good work, and
iur wvuuea irapioiacau uie case is worse still.
The prudent fanner not only houses his im.
plements,but he devotes rainy and snowy days
to repairing them. A mowisr maehinn. th.
journals of which are cleaned of their aeca-
wuiauuu 01 grimeu grease ana carefully
oiled, will run twenty-fire per cent, lighter
and fifty percent, longer than one that does
not receivo this attention. Joseph Harris
says his hardest task with hired men is to'
make them take care of the tools of the farm.
No wonder such men never reach the good
fortune of having farms of their ownl Jour
nal of the Farm.
Stuck to the Church.
New York Evening Express.
A congregation of worshipers in Bucks
county, Ohio, met with a comical mishap a few
Sundays since. The pews of the church had
been newly painted and varnished, and it waa
good drying weather. Everybody was lovely
until the minister waa about to deliver the ben
ediction, and the congregation endeavored to
responosby rising. They remained steadfast
to the church and steadfaster to their seats
Each seemed to fear that something mysterious,
religious probably a judgment was the mat
ter with them, and they were soiled simulta
neously with a panic. They tore themselves
loose with a desperate effort, and rushed out ef
the church in fluttering rags, leaving samples
of the silks and clothes they wore for the in.
speetion of the horrified minister and dumb
founded sexton. It wonld not be astenlshing
if soma of that congregation said bad words oa
the way home.