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THE 11B LI A L I ).
AGRICUL TIT RA L
E-icoiirav M iiiiiiurlorifs.
It i only in the sclionl of experience
Hint the ni3.cs ot the triple come ton
realization of facts :is tlicy exi-t. There
are 1 lit few- who learn, cxceiit i:i tl i-s
comparatively dear s-ehool. Farmers,
from the" nature of their occupation,
will, a? a nile, admit of na guide ex
empt this. Aggregate fact, learii)g up
on their lni.-ine.-s, cons-titule the basi
upon which they build. With them
all utilized labor is money. There is
no lack upon their part of introducing
improved machinery for this purpo-e.
J5y its introduction, the fanner is en
abled to triple his capability of pro
duction. This would all be well
enough, and his prospects would be
assured, if the coiiMimption of his pro
ducts could lie proportionally increa.-ed.
There are other tilings for farmers to
consider, as well as the best methods
if increasing the productive capacity
of their landj.
In this latitude, corn is king, and
the hog is no second rate power in the
realm. But what would this enormous
orop of cither amount to, if the wants
of the consumers of them were in the
inverse ratio to their jtortion? There
must be consumers as well as produ
cers, and as the producer has the cost
of tranjK)rtation to pay that is, it is
invariably deducted from the price
awarded in thf leading markets of the
world,, does not the consideration of
the question of transportation become
one of the vital importance to the pro
ducer? What, then, is the proper
course to pursue. Shall wc continue
lo pay the cost of transportation, or
pliaH'we bring the consumer to the
corn? Common sen?e says, encourage
immigration. Itf-ays, create a market
at home. It Fays, develop the min
eral resources of your respective Slates.
It says, utilize the products of the for
est and mine by manufacturing them.
3t Fays, avoid tninsiMirtation as much
:is possible, and .bring the consumer
and producer into closer proximity.
The farmer is more interested in the
development of manufactories than
the professional man possibly can be.
The encouragement of local manufac
turing enterprises is the height of wis
dom, and the increased attention which
the memlicrs of the farmers' organiza
tion arc giving to the subject, argue
tvell for the future. There is not a
town throughout any of the corn pro
ducing States that should not contain
one or more factories devoted to some
special industry for which the location
is peculiarly situated. There is no
reason why the woolen mills, foundcr
ies, tanneries, plow and wagon facto
ries, boot and shoe factories, fruit dry
ing and canning establishments and
agricultural implement factories,
should nearly all be concentrated in
the large cities. The farming commu
nity, in order to be prosperous, must
have a good local market. The pay
ing of freight on what they sell and
what they buy, with one or two com
missions added thereto, makes it lively
for everybody but thenisclve. Such
a policy is a suicidal one, and the soon
er a contrary course i adopted the bet
ter it will be for the farmer. There
fore, we say, as soon as the work of or
ganization is formally completed, set
about devising ways and means for es
tablishing local manufacturing indus
tries. Where there is a will there is a
way, and if unity of action and har
monious counsel prevail the humblest
lieginning that you may make will, in
a few years, lie productive of great re
sults. If assured of the hearty co-operation
and patronage of the fanning
f-omrnunity, manufacturers can he in
duced to invest capital and establish
manufactories of various kinds, where,
under such circumstances as previous
ly existed in the farming community,
from lack of organization, it Mould
have been impossible. Therefore, we
fay, to food-producers, it will pay you
to offer in j-otir organized or individu
al capacity, the use of your surplus cash
capita' to the manufacturers at a com
paratively low rate of interest, to ena
ble him to bring his employees to your
very door, and thus create a demand,
not only for your staple crop, your
corn and hogs, but for your perishable
horticultural products and vegetables
as well. Therefore, m-c say most em
phatically, begin at once to adopt the
principle of bringing the consumer to
I.caiiing Without Looking.
Some of the agricultural and "sec
idat" papers make their columns lively
with advice to all good husbandmen to
engage in various enterprises "witl
millions in them," and thousands of
farmers, one after another, a ercmual
crop, are acting on the suggestions.
The strawberry speculation is perhaps
widest spread, and stacks of plants are
set each year without ever bearing
fruit enough to pay for what they co.-t.
Fancy poultry U tempting, and high
priced eggs are lmught, and may be a
few chickens are hatched, but in the
end it is discovered that no hen will
lay two eggs a day. The bees are rcc
ommeiKlcd, especially for Momen, and
a good deal of studying i done, but
the honey i not abundant, and year
after year the complaint i made that
"this is the worst season for bees we
ever had." Some undertake to raise
mushrooms without knowing a mush
loom when they sit- it; others, reading
that duek are sent to the London
market by the ton, get eggs and go to
hatching, while others still, plant
grapevines by the acre, or dwarf peas
by the thousand, and in most cases
the conclusion reached i, that corn i
a gxid crop, that jwtatoes always sell,
jtnd that nothing U much better than
a few three-year-old steer.-to turn oil in
the spring, unless it bo the value (if
the same in wool. The continued dis
appointments are due almo-t wholly
to a want of knowledge in regard to
details, and to acquire this is to ac
quire what may be called a trade.
Nothing would seem more simple than
to rai.-e strawberries,, and the majority
fail, generally for want of well pre
pared ground and the necessary culti
vation, and it is probably true that it
will take a man live or six years before
he can find out what is the matter.
And so it is in all other pursuits and
enterprises. It would be "splendid,"
as thegirl say, if one could be born
with hereditary experience, so as to
take up the thread where the old folks
left ofI7 and many an aged man and
broken man knows that if he could
have had this inheritance, with all the
checks and safeguards that it brings,
ho Mould non- be rich and happy, in
stead of poor and acquainted with
grief. The-next best thing, in the ab
sence of such hereditary gift, U to feel
our way and look before leaping.
X Pot ale that Kcsisls Hie Colorado
A. Jackson, of Frederick count-,
Md., communicates the following inter
esting facts to the Baltimore American
Farmer, which he-says, ean be attested
by the sworn testimony of two of his
laliorcrs: About five years ago he re
ceived from Xew Jersey a peculiar
kind of red potato, under the name of
Silurian Rod. It proved to le a very
prolific bearer, and of a monstrous size,
very mealy and wholesome for the ta
ble, though sonic purple streaks would
occasionally run through the tubers.
Last summer he planted them in hills
four feet apart, between young grape
vines which stood eight feet by eight
feet, and raised on one acre a little bet
ter than one hundred bu-hels of mag
nificent potatoes, lie fertilized the
hill by mixiug lime with ten lier cent.
of salt, and mixing old cow manure
with about ten per cent, of said lime
and salt compound. He used a good
shovelful of it in every hill, and em
bodied it nith the ground (.clay soil)
by digging. The result he says, was
astonishing. When the potato bugs
(which had then appeared in myriads)
had cateir olf a vine, presently two or
more vines would shoot up, keeping on
growing until the November frosts
killed them. Mo-t curious of all, they
bore here and there small potatoes
(not seed b:dl-) on the vine. One re
markable hill yielded forty-five aver
age-sized potatoes. All bis other
kind, Early Rose, Pcachblow, Early
Goodrich, though treated in the same
manner, were an utter failure.
For (he Hartford Herald.
The American people arc to-day in
a condition, and that condition is any
thing but enviable. They are, in a
financial sense, sick and very sick
and unless they get relief, and that
oon. many ot us must at no distant
day go "where the woodbine twineth,"
.ind be numbered among the failures
of the nineteenth century, ami it will
at last Ikj said of ns that wc were
thriftless, and anything but benefac
tors to our race.
The questions naturally arise in the
mind of every reflecting man, What
is the remedy? And where is the
balm to be found which will heal all
of our financial ills? Wc do not want
a palliative merely, but a permanent,
substantial remedy: one which can be
relied on as well in adversity as in
It is the opinion of your humble
dolt that the trouble lies in a great
measure at our own doors individual
ly, and, if wc ever get our heads above
water again, there must be in individ
ual as well as a general effort.
The reformation must begin athoinr,
right around our own firesides, in teach
ing our own children good, sound,
moral, useful lessons in all things
which would be useful to them in after
life, and better fit them to fight the
hard battles of the future, and in set
ting our own houses to rights general
ly; improve the culinary department,
and thereby we will make our sanitary
condition better; and then thoroughly
renovate our farms, from every panel
and fence corner throughout its entire
length and breadth exterminating
every ti.-ele.-s briar and shrub, and set
ting every foot not otherwise used in
grass or clover, according to its adap
tation. To enable us all to accomplish
these very desirable ends, it will be
necessary for a large majority of us to
use the following once a day, to be
taken on retiring lo bed at night:
Equal parts of yeast powders, which
will make us ric early; an equal por
tion of cap.-ieuin, wich Mill stimulate
us to action; the same amount of "loco-motion
solution," well shaken, and
with equal portion of industry, ener
gy, economy, faithfulness, sobriety,
virtue, honesty, truth, temperance,
and hist but not least, a double portion
of common sense, the great lever which
is indi-pensable at all times to put the
machinery in motion, and run it with
out friction and too great M"a.-te of
Now, brethren, Patrons and all, let
us strive with all our might, to get up
and bring about a general reformation
in agriculture and education in the
Green River country, for as little as is
said on the subject, a good common
school education is alino-t indispensa
ble to success in almost any avocation,
(pardon the digression). Let us see
if we ran make the farm pay. Quit
our lazy, slovenly manner of half-doing
thing for that which i worth
doing at all is worth doing well go to
work and develope our va-t mineral
as well a agricultural resources, and
thereby we will become exporters to a
greater amount than wc are now im
porters. It is a lamentable fact, that
after nesend all of the barter we have
to spare to Europe, it fall short one
hundred and fifty millions of dollars of
ballancing our import account, and
thL amount must be paid in gold, or
Eogli h exchange, it equivalent.
Everybody wants everything from Eu-i
rone, and it all has to- be paid for in
gold, except the little raw material
which we hare lr ft over after our home
demand are supplied, which i :r small
portion of cotton, wheat and tobacco,
lience the high premium on gold. Can't
these evils be remedied? Wc answer
emphatically, they can; and they mut
be before we are a prosperous people.
The.-e things cannot be accomplished
in a day, by a spa-modic effort, with a
leap in tlie dark, but we must open our
eyes, inform ourselvc as to the situa
tion and surroundings, and then act
like sane men, with a firm and steady
resolve that God being our helper we
will do better for ourselves and chil
dren. Another evil at this time, is the
tendency of running to extremes and
denouncing all of our old system1! and
advocating nothing unless it is new.
Space will only allow me to drop some
reflection on one of these at this time,
and simply give my views of the sul
jeet, and ak that some one who may
join issue with me show up the other
side of the question. And this is what
is known a the conventional interest
law. Now, I cannot see how a law
can injure any one that is mutual and
inoperative, pro or con, unless it is so
agreed and reduced to writing. It
differs from other contract, in thi,
that it may be in writing, while
the courts will enforce ninety
per cent of all other contracts, though
they may be verbal. Every citizen of
this proud commonwealth should be
allowed to pay for the use of any and
all commodities, money included,
whatever it is worth to him. You
have your money just as I have my
horse, house or farm. Money is like
all other articles of commerce, gov
erned by the law of supply and de
mand. There have been periods in
the past twelve years here that it could
not be loaned at any price, but at this
time the supply is so meager that it
cannot even be had at JlcII.'sruinoti
conventional rates, and men are actu
ally offering more than 10 percent.,
and in the next breath, cry out against
the law, and say it must be repealed.
Borrowers paid more interest under
the old law than they do under the
present, for under that law whenever
money became scarce it varied from 10
to 13 per cent., and it was paid in ad
vance, and a note was taken drawing
twelve months for the principal. At the
end of that time the lender would come
on and remind him that he was to pay
10 per cent, on that hist money, and
he must pay him another year's inter,
est, and he would take a new note for
another year. So it was compounded
every year. Under the present sys
tem I give my note, bearing 10 per
cent. There is no dodging to do, and
as it is secure, my creditor being full
handed, gives mo all the time I need
at simple interest. If I choose to pay
any reasonable per cent, for money
rather than have my property sold for
one-half, or, as i often the case, one
fourth of its real value, I ought in
candor, without a doubt, be allowed to
do so under the sanction of the law.
Low rates of interest have a tendency
to demoralize the money market, drive
conscientious men out of the field,
which diliiini-hes the competition, and
offer a premium to note-shavers, mon
eyed corporations, and all kind of mon
ey sharks and sharpers to fleece the
people at their will. They also favor
hanking monopolies, whose terms of
loaning money does not suit a farmer
or anybody else, their rates being from
one to two per ceut. a mouth, and
r.inety days is the extreme limit of
time. At the end of that time you
you must pay up or go to protest, or
in some extreme ea-es, if your paper
is gilt-edged, the)- will, by youf giving
a new note, give what they call an ex
tension for ninety days more at these
rates, and these are the be.-t any bank
gives, and you would at the end of the
year have paid from 'JO tooO per cent.,
it being compounded ever y ninety days;
nor will they take any collaterals as any
individtnd money lender will do.
And lat, but not least, these banks
are all Federal corporations, created by
the powers that be at Washington to
oppress the masses and to make the
lucky few who, in the great grab
game which has been going on for
some time in the capital, have by their
feats of legerdemain got rich "richer"
and the poor poorer. All of their
grants and privilege. are derived from
the Federal government, and are out
of the reach of State legislation.
These institutions, in the absence of
any competition, would certainly be
come grinding monopolies of the worst
character, when wc remember that nine
dollars out of every ten borrowed in
the State must come from these shav
If you choose to give these hastily
conceived and prematurely born ink
brats a place in your paper, Tin:
IlAirrroi:i Ilr.r.Ai.n, do so. If not,
bury them in the editor's waste-ba.-ket
without the sound of a trumpet or the
toll of a bell. More anon.
Cromwell, May, 187.").
To Clean Kii Gloves. A good
way to clean black kid gloves is to take
a teaspoonful of salad oil, drop a few
drops of ink in it, and rub it over the
gloves with the tip of a feather; then
let them dry in the sun.
To Pit event Tin Resting. Rub
fresh lard over every part of the dish,
and then put it in a hot oven and heat
it thoroughly. Thus treated, any tin
ware may be u.-ed in water constantly,
and remain bright and free from rust
Lu;iiT Rye Tea Cakes. One pint
of sweet milk, two eggs, a tablespoon
lul of brown sugar and a large pinch
I of salt. Add enough rye flour to made
it as still as common griddle cake bat
ter. Bake half an hour in "gem"
pan. Serve hot or cold as de-ired.
j Chicken Cheese. Did you, read
er, ever eat any? We like it. Boil
two chicken till tender; take out all
the bones and chop the meat line; sea
son to taste with salt, pepper and but
ter; pour in enough liquor they aie
boiled in to make moi.-t. Mold it m
any shape you choo-e, and, when cold,
turn out and cut into slices. It is an
excellent travelling lunch.
A Broom Holder. A good broom
holder may bo had by laying
the broom down with the brush flat,
and Wing a hole through the top of
the handle with a three-eighths bit. It
will not cost a cent, and the broom can
hang on any common nail.
To Clean Cane Chair-Bottoms.
Turn the chair bottom upward, and
with hot water and a sponge wash the
cane work well, so that it is well soaked;
should it be dirty, use soap; let it dry
m the air, and it will be as tight and
firm as new, provided none of the
canes are broken. Western Rural.
Cheap Mouse Thai. Take the
bowl of a clean, clay pipe and fill it
with cheese; put it under the edge of a
glas tumbler in such a manner that a
slight touch will cause the tumbler to
slip off the bait and mouse of course,
underneath. I his arrangement will
catch more mice than any trap I ever
saw, at the cost of one cent. Rural
Afit) 1 oitcr.
To Break Glass at Will. An-
easy method of breaking glass to any
required form is by making a small
notch, by means of a file, on the edge
of a piece of glass; then make the cud
of a tobacco pipe, or a rod of iron about
the same size, red hot in the fire, apply
the hot iron to the notch, and draw it
slowly along the surface of the glass,
in any direction you please; a crack
will he made in the glass and will fol
low the direction of the iron. Round
glass bottles and flasks may be cut in the
middle by wrapping round them a
worsted thread dipped in spirits of tur
pentine, and setting it on fire when
fastened to the glass.
Prksruvixc. Strawberries. Gath
er and handle the fruit carefully,
taking them in the early part of the
season, as they are the finest and most
perfect berries. Stem, weigh, and
place on dishes. To one pound of fruit
allow one and a half pound of the best
white sugar; sprinkle over them half
or more of the sugar, and let stand
some hours, or over night if gathered
late. Put on fire in close bell-mettle
or porcelain kettle, with remainder of
sugar. Jsoil and skim about twenty
minutes, or until syrup thickens, and
first looks transparent, using, during
the process, a "silver" spoon, and avoid
mashing. Seal up immediately in air
tight can; if glass, wrap in paper to
exclude the light. N. 1. Oltcrver.
AV3I. I'. GREGORY.
AT TOR NE Y AT L A W,
Prompt attention given to the collection of
claim". Office in 'he courthouse.
E. r. STROTIIER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Will practice in all the courts of Ohio counts
and the circuit courts of adjoining counties.
OFFICE up stairs over J. W. Lewis' old
stand. nO tf
A T TO R NE Y AT LA W,
Collections Promptly Attended to
Office on Market street, over Mauzy's tin
hp. jan20 ly
JF.SSK E. 1'OfiI.I!.
W. N. SWFKSEY,
fo(;i,j: a sweexey,
ATTO R NE YS AT L A W,
Will praclico their profession in Ohio and
adjoining counties and in the Court of Appeal.
Oltico on Market street, near courthouse.
P. P. MOKRAX, O. C. WEDOISQ.
.noittiAN fc WEDOIXtt,
T TOR XE YS A T L A W,
(Office west of courthouse over Hardnick k
Will practice in inferior and superior courts
of this commonwealth
Special attention given to cases in bank
ruptcy. F. 1. Morgan is also examiner, and wil
take depositions correcdy will bo ready to
oblige all parties at all times.
HENRY D. MCHENRY, Skit. E. II I IX.
JlellE.VUY & IIILX,
ATTORNEYS C0UXSELL011S AT LA H"
Will practice in Ohio and adjoining counties,
and in the Court of Appe-ls of Kentucky.
E. I). WALKER, K. C. 11U11DARD.
WALXEK A BIUUHAItn,
Al TO R'.NE YS AT L A V ,
AND REAL ISIATE AGENTS,
JO!l. !. TOWXNISM.
(Formerly County Judge,)
A T T 0 R NE Y A T L A W ,
Will practice in all the courts of Ohio county
and the circuit courts of the 5lh ju 'icial dis
trict. Kit incss solicited andproiupt attention
OEO. KLEIN, jxo. il. KLEIN
GEO. KLEIISr Ss BRO.
Dealers in house famishing good, for general kitchen and tabic use. We keep constantlj
band, the celebrated
A.RIZOISrA. COOKING STOVE,
Scrnn sie3 for either coal or wood. House-kef pers are delighted with its superior cooking
and baking. It has no equal anywhere. Call and see for yourself.
1875 AGAIN ! 1875
Continues for the present year its liberal ar
r.ingeincnt, whereby, on the 31st of December,
1875, it will distribute impartially among its
in presents, comprising greenbacks and nearly
one thouand ueful and beautiful articles.
The Courier-Journal is a, long-established
live, wi'le-areake, progressive, newsy, bright
and spicy paper.
No other paper offers such inducements to
subscribers and club gents. Circulars with
full particulars and specimen copies sent free
Terms, $2 00 a year and liberal offers to clubs.
Daily edition $12, Postage prepaid on all
papers without cstra charge. Address
President Courier-Journal Company
J. F. YAGER,
iS.dc and Livery SlaUe,
I desira to inform the citizens of Hartford
and vicinity that 1 am prepared to furnish Sad
dle and Harness Stock, Ruggiesand conveyan
ces of all kinds on the must reasonable terms.
Horses taken to feed or board by tho day, week
or month. A liberal share of patr. nnge solici
ted. nol ly
The undersigned would respectfully an
nounce to tho citizens of Ohio county, that
'hey arc now prepared to do all kinds of
at their new shop in Hartford. Tlioy have se
cured the service? of a competent workman to
and they guarantee satisfaction, both as to
work and rmcES, in .all cases. They will
WAfiOXS AND BUGGIES,
and will make and furnish
COFFINS AND BURIAL CASES
at the lowest possible prices. Call and see us
before engaging your work elsewhere.
and satisfaction guaranteed By close applica
tion to business we hope to merit the support
of our friends, M AUZY & HURT.
Jan.20,18. Ja20 ly
ItOYAI, IXSUKAXCE COMl'AXY
.Security ami Indemnity.
CAriTAL, $10,000,000 GOLD.
Cash Assets, over SI 2.000.000 Oolh.
Casii Assets is U. S., Sl,837,yS4 Gold.
Losses paid without discount, refer to 12th con
dition of Company's policy.
EARBEE 4CASTLEMAN, General Agents,
ll.VIUir.TT A 11UO.. Ascntx.
Jj. J. LYOX.
Groceries ami Confectioneries.
Keeps constantly on hand a large assortment
of all kinds of Urocerics and Confectioneries,
which he will sell low for cash, or exchange
for all kinds of
I will also pay the highest cash price for
hides, sheep pcl.s, eggs, butter, bacon, potatoes,
beans, etc. nol ly
Wanted to borrow $3,000 for two or three
years, for which ten per cent, interest will be
paid payable semi-annually note to be duo
if interest is not promptly paid, nnd will se
cure the lender by a mortgage on real estate;
anl as an additional security will give bim to
hold as collateral reil estate lien notes worth
ot least SC.OOO. Address ".MONEY," care
Herald office, Hartford, Ky.
New Store at Rockport, Ky.
.IIK.MHX .1- KAII.V,
of Croiuwcll.have opened a new st-rre at Rock
port, in which they propose to keep a lull as
sortment of Dry Goods, Groceries, Hats and
Caps, loots and 2-hocs, Hardware, Queens
ware, Notions, Fancy Good,sind in fact every
thing usually kept in a general store. They
have bought this stock of goods very low for
cash and will cell tho same way.
of all kinds taken in exchange for goods. We
solicit the patronage of the people and will
guarantee tneta as good bargains a3 tncy can
oprtl 3m MENDEL KAHN.
MAitTi oitn Miner, AO. 12. I.O.U.T.
Meets regularly every Thursday evening in
Taxlor's Hall. Transient members or the
Order are cordially invited to attend.
John P. IUrrett, W. C. T.
Wallack Grvslle, W. S'ccy.
JXO. r. BAKRETT, JKO. U CASE,
M P. BARRETT & CO.,
Corner Court Place and Piccadilly street.
AH orders promptly exeei ted. Special at
tention given to orders by mail. Write for
prica list. Address
JOHN P. BARRETT Jfc CO.,
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PROSPECTCS FOR 1875 EIGHTS TEAR.
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A MAGNIFICANT CONCEPTION WON
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The necessity of a popular medium forth a
representation of the productions of onr great
artists has always been recognized, and many
attempts have been made to meet the want
The successive failures which hare so inrariabl y
followed each attempt in this country to estab
lish an art journal, did not prove the indiaee
ence of the people of America to the claims of
high art. So soon as a proper appreciation of
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larity, has none of the temporary or timtt in- C
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productions of the most noted American artists,
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The artistic illustration of American scenery,
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