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A Gil I C U L TUR.'IL.
SoitocI t"rii lr I'ursigo.
7!ia experience of the pat year ha-
"Ivon rie to the otuvtion of the mer-,
ucn n. i
its of coin own in drill for fowling
qucutly occur, and ulilch lessen the
hay crop to such an extent as lo reader
a substitute for it necessary. TllL
practice ot r-ouiug com as :i reserve i
crop for feeding purposes when needed
is loo much neglected by the majority !
of the farmers. Few crops yield a.
greater return for the labor of produc
ing it, and in no other way can so much
wholesoincand nutritious feed for stock
be producwl as by sowing corn. "Vc
have already alluded to Hungarian
grass as a reserve crop, but for dairy
men, a crop of sowed corn is just the
thing fr midsummer and winter uc.
The corn crop may bo sown from
the 1st of June to the middle of July.
The yield varies from five to ten Ions
per acre. The quantity of seed re
quired is three and one half biuhels of
the large Dent corn to the acre. This
crop, like the Hungarian, requires that
the lands should be well enriched. It
is a good plan, ordinarily, to plow the
land twice once very early then again
early in June. Harrow well and mark
out in furrows with a shovel-plow, from
two and a half to three feet apart.
Cover with the liarrow, running first
lengthwise and then crosswise. But
little after-culture is" needed. It will
be up in eight or ten' days after plant
iiig, when the shovel-plow can be run
between the rows, and, if done again
in about two weeks thereafter, the com
completely cover the ground, and
no after-cultivation will bo necessary.
As soon as the cars (nubbins) legiii
to get hard, cut and bind the crop in
small bundles, stock them up together
and lie the tops well. This crop may
be cut with a common scythe. A
cradle having a short scythe like the
one for brush, with two strong fingers
of corresponding length, makes a good
implement to cut it with. If well put
up, it can remain in the field until
wanted. In this climate it is better
to liavc plenty of shed room in which to
store it, so tliat, whatever the weather
may lie, there will alwaj's be a liberal
supply on hand for immediate use. All
lauds of stock cat the crop with avidi
ty, and cat it up clean, and thrive up
on it better than upon any other dry
fecd, and it is much cheaper. Far
mers would do well to sow at least two
acres annually. If sown to feed to
cows di'ring a drouth in mid-summer,
of course a much larger area should be
town convenient or adjacent to the pas
ture or feeding lot It is one of the
crops that will pay. Ilund World.
- Those who have not planted all their
ground will do well to consider the
advantages of growing broom corn.
It sells very high now on account of
scarcity, bringing $200 a ton in Chi
cago. The cultivation is simple; the
eoil best suited to it is such as corn ro
quires, and a river bottom is consid
ered the best of all. It should be
planted three feet apart, in rows three
or four feet distant. If the seed is
good, ten or twelve to the hill are
enough, if not good put in enough to
I insure five or six healthy plants, which
are all that should be left to grow in a
lull. Seed should be buried from one
lo one aud a half inches. The ground
should be well pulverized before plant
ing. Cultivate well from the time
the plants are visible. Let no grass
grow. Break the tops before fully
ripe by bcudinj: the lops of the rows
toward each other, and breaking them
about thirteen inches below the brush.
Allow them to hang until thoroughly
ripe, then cut and carry under cover,
where they must be spread until dry.
The stalks remaining may be cut close
or pulled up aud buried in the furrows
to enrich the soil. The brush is cleaned
generally by hand, by drawing it
through a hatchel composed of upright
knives set near enough togtehcr. The
average yield of brmh i about 500
pounds to the acre, and of seed from
twenty-five to fifty bushels to the acre.
Horsemen have generally kept the
froir of the horse's foot oiF the ground
forfearofbruihinir. It has been dem-
onslratcd that this is all wrong. In
Cincinnati, if a horse has a bad com or
Lis heel has become contracted, the'
put tibs on the toe and leave the heel
unprotected, and work them ever' day,
and they get well. Having a horse
lame from a bad corn, we were indueed
by Dr. Pnlchard and John Hitchens
.X i r:... i. ..ci.
Vj .a c w i.uii mo c..uru u. i.iu
iVocr. and bcari.ig on the same, welded
. ft i i ci i i i t
aad the laments disappeared. Trv it.
Ind'ana Herald. " '
Tiiritips 'S'lieir Value as a Crop.
The American fanners have never
vet attached the value to the turnip
crop which has been given by their
The cheapness of corn (maize) has
prevented our people from properly
appreciating other crops for cheap food
to stock. But corn U fat lo-iiig its
quality of cheapness by the decreased
yield per acre as our lands become old
er and more worn. As bacon eating
i i t 1 i 1 11 - ...
... e . ,. , .
j VJell lo gm.,c, ami roots,
vielus irrauuaiivto uoci anu million, so
which will produce the most milk, but-
, . ' .
An cxcccJil)g1v practical writer, Col.
c v pcabo(K: a treaty upon gar.
den vegetables, tnis discourses upon
It is said that the turnip crop is of
more value to England than the cotton
crop is to the United States. It is not
as a field crop that I propose to treat
upon it to-day. As a garden crop it is
invaluable to the South, many of the
varieties being almost hardy here, be
ing able to stand our winter with iui'
punitv. The newer, froher, and rich
cr the land, the greater the crop of tur
nip-'. For spring turnips, the garden
patch should be manured heavily in
the winter, and the manure turned
well and deeply .under; about the first
of February spade it or plow it again,
and sow the early red top and early
Dutch in drills twelve inches apart,
scatter as thin in the drill as possible,
and when four inches high thin out to
eight inches in the drill. Phosphate
manures are the special manures for
turnip; hence, bone-dust will be found
a great invigorator; scatter the bone
dut in the drill and cover it before
sowing Hie seed, ror late turnips
sow in August and September; for
standard crop, sow rutabagas. This,
with the other large growing kinds,
should bo sown in drills eighteen
inches apart, and thinned out twelve
i 1 ....
canv YiuiL'iius suu euuiuu uc
Northern or English raised seed.
There are many varieties of early seed
that do as well in this climate sown in
the fall as in the spring. I have had
the early Dutch turnips sown the first
of Auirust mature in six weeks from
planting. If the turnip fly is trouble
some, strew gypsum or good ashes over
the plants when the dew is on them in
the morning; gypsum will not only
drive away the fly, but will be found a
rcat invigorator of the plant.
I'lmit a Jr:tpe Viae First
Not one farmer in twenty will buy
grapes or other fruit, except apples for
himself and family; but grapes are so
easily and cheaply grown that no fam
ily with a square rod of ground should
be without a few vines. Grapes cm
be got in bearing earlier than any oth
cr fruit, excepting strawberries; and
with well rooted layers I have had one
bunch of grapes the first year after set
ting. Yet many a man spends $30 to
SI 00 in setting an apple orchard, which
will not bear till six or eight years' af
ter, who would begrudge $3 for a doz
en of vines of the choicest grapes, which
he might eat within two years and
have an abundance before five years
had paved. I do not object lo exten
sive and tarly planting of apple or
chards: "This ought ye lojhavo done,
aud not to have left, the other undone."
It seems to me that the first duty of
settleron new land is to plaut imme
diately half a dozen grape vines, and
after that as many as he can afford.
Fresh fruit is a necessity to the health
of a family, aud nothing is more quick
ly, easily or cheaply grown than
The Jointer Plow.
The object of using a jointer, or small
plow, in place of a coulter, is lo divide
the furrow-slice, and tliu more effect
ively pulverize the soil. The jointer
carries its small furrow slice of surface
soil over to the bottom of the furrow
more effectively than can olherwi-e he
done, and the back or large plov
brings its furrow slice over and covers
it completely, leaving the surface level
and light. It will completely invert
weeds, stubble, and manure, or heavy
clover so that it will not draw up. No
corn stubble can be well plowed, as i
should be, without it. tooil, at one
plowing, is made as mellow as a Sum
mer fallow, and can be harrowed cross
wise of the furrow without dragginj
up a particle of tuft. An important
advantage the jointer has over the
coulter is the cheapness of repair. The
coulter very soon becomes dull and
blunt, requiring upsetting and rcfacinz
with steel, costing from four to six
shillings, and time in going to tl
blacksmith shop, 'wrth, in the bu
sca-on, as much more. When tli
jointer point becomes worn out, the
farmer has only to loo-en one bolt and
! replace it with a new one, making his
i. -1 . .
j0,ntcr as good as new, and at a co--t o
. . . . , . ...
only thirty cents, and five minute:
time, at the longest. The jointer does
! not increase the draft any more than
coulter, and will work wherever a coul
tcr can be used, and perform its work
much more thoroughly and satisfacto
rily. It does the best work when it
only takes a shallow furrow-slice, an
inch and a half or two inches deep. In
od the standard should bo placed al
We have taken the trouble, in ex
tensive trip' over the country, to make
sonic inquiries about certain fruit trees
which attract attention on account of
their thrift and fruit-bearing qualities.
Thev were fresh and vigorous, while
all around the other trees were decay
ing or dead. In nearly every case it
turned out that ten-penny nails had
been driven into the bod' as near the
ground as possible. Trees selected at
random and treated in this wav alwavs
turned out healthy, vigorous and ex
cellent fruit-bearers, producing the
most luscious fruit. The reason whv
the worm will not attack the tree is
because the oxvdation or rusting of the
iron by the sap evolves ammonia,
which, as the sap arises, will of course
impregnate every part of foliage, and
prove too drastic a dose for the delicate
palates of intruding insects. The salt
of iron afforded by the nails is extreme
ly offensive to the worm?, while ic is
not onJ v. harmless but beneficial to the
foliage and fruit of the tree. Rural
A (r:tiigc Query Ito.v.
Pleasant Grange, ot Boone county,
recommends Ihc adoption of a "Query
Box," by every Grange in Kentucky.
The Query Box is hung up in each
Grange room as a receptacle of impor
tant or interesting questions written on
lips of paper by the different mem
bers, and is opened by the Secretary
at each meeting under the head of
uggastions for the good of the order,"
and by him read to the Gran 20 for tho
purpose of giving each brother and sis
ter an opportunity of expressing his
or her views on faid- questions, and
thereby making any suggestions in the
line of progress and improvement that
mnv occur to them.
Fish Furrrcus. Take fish, bread
crumbs and mashed potato, equal parts;
one egg; half a teacup of milk; pepper
and a little sauce for fish; cut into
small cakes and frv brown.
To IinxovATB Velvet. Wipe the
dust from the velvet, wring a clean
towel in cold water and pin tightly
around a hot iron; then pass the wron
ide of the velvet across the face of the
iron. Fireside Favorite.
Corrnn C.i:n. Four cups flour,
one cup sugar, one cup coffee, prepared
is for ihc table, one cup molasses, one
cup butter, one cup raisins, two tea-
spoonfuls sotla, two eggs, spice with
cinnamon and cloves, bake in loaves,
It will keep six month-'.
Salt Fisii Ciiowdei:. This is made
the same as pork soup with the addi
tion of the fish; cut in small (inch)
pieces enough fish to make about a pint
freshen an hour and add lo the soiq:
when yon do your pork. Onicns may
be omitted in cither if one does not like
Economical Tea Cake. Two
quarts of flour, two tablcspoonfuls of
butter or lard, two even tea-poonfuL
of ioda, the same of cream of tartar
one pound and a quarter of sugar dis
solved in two and a half cups of sour
or sweet milk; if the last, use a double
portion of cream of tartar. Bake in
small molds after seasoning to your
taste. One large nutmeg has been
found sufficient to impart an agreeable
About Covfee. Being a powerful
absorbent as well as a disinfectant
roasted coffee should always be browned
over in order to throw off the grocery
taint that it has acquired by the expo
sure to the foul air. The heating which
should make it a shade darker, will
also developc strensth. It should be
kept in a well-corked bottle or jar, or,
what is better, brown as you want to
use, thus having it fresh aud strong,
and better flavord
Asi'AKAGL's Axi Beans. Cut the
tender paits of a-paragus into quarter
inch lengths, boil 111 an equal nuantitv
of water, addingaboutan equal amount
of well-cocked Luna beans. Cool; until
the asparagus is tender, and serv
warm. Instead of the beans, the as
paragus may be thickened with flour
or with cracker crumbs.
Di:ii:n Am.u Poddixo. Two
parts diicd apples, two parts raisins
and currants, and ihree parts carsciy
broken bread crumb-, tetew the ap
ples halfan hour and chop ihcm coarse
ly, then place them in layers in a por-
celain-liiR'd stew kettle, alternating
them With the bread crumbs and mixed
fruit-. Add the juice in which the
anplerf were Revved, and stew or steam
tho whole -lowly four or live hours.
Science of Health.
Tumbles. One cup of sugar well
Mfted, one scant cup of butter, two
cup.- of flour, two egg-; ilavor them
To each bowl of "-larch, before boil
ing, wl'l a U-a-poonfiil i.i' Kpsjin silt?.
Article? prepared with this will be
stificr, and in a measure lire-proof.
1VJI. I'. GRCGOKY.
AT TOR NE Y AT LAW,
Prompt attention civen to tlio collection of
claims. Ofiico in 'he courthouse.
E. f. .vtiiotiili:,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
"VTitl practice in all tbe courts of Ohio counts
and the i-ircuit courts of adjoining counties. 1
uri-iL. upstairs over J. Lowii old
stand. nO tf
A T TO R NE Y AT LA W,
Collcctiom Promptly Attended to
OfHce on Slarket street, over Mnny's tin
shop. jan20 ly
JESSK E. FORLK,
IT. !f. SWEENEY,
FOGLE fc S1VEE5TCY,
ATTORNEYS AT LA W,
ViIl liraetieo their profession in Ohio and
adjoining counties anu in tno uourtoi Appeals
Oflico on Market street, near courthouse.
F. T. 110KCAX, G. C. WEDOiXO.
JUMtGAX & TCF.DDIXG,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
(Oflico west of courthouse over Ilardwick fc
Stall s store.'
Will practice in inferior and superior courts
01 mis commonweaun
Special attention given to cases in bank
l.V. Morzan is also examiner, and wil
tako depositions corrcclly will bo ready to
oblige all parties at all times.
E. D. WALKEB, E. C. UCDHAI1D.
WALKER it HUBBARD,
Al TORNEYS AT iJL"W,
AND HEAL ESTATE AGENTS,
HENRY D. MCIIENBY, SAM. E. HILL.
JIcUEXRY A IIIIX,
A TTOItSE YS & COUXSELLOIiSATLA ir
Will practice in Ohio and adjoining counties
and in the Court of Appeals of Kentueky.
JCIXX C. TOWSSESD.
(Formerly County Judge,)
ATTORNEY AT LA.W,
Will practice in all tho courts of Ohio county
trict. lu incss solicited and prompt attention
JOIIX P. BARRETT,
ATT OR NE Y AT LA W,
and Heal Estate Agent,
Prompt attention civen to the collection o
claim.-!. Will buy, sell, lease, or. rent lands or
111intr.1l privileges on reasonable terms. Will
write dci-ds, mortgages, leases, Ac., and at
tend to h-ting ami paying taxcs.on lauds be
ongiug to non-residents.
IIOYAL. IASUKAXCE COJIl'ASY
Security anil Indemnity.
CAPITAL, $10,000,000 GOLD
Cash Assets, over $12,000,000 fioLU,
Casu Assets in U. S., $1,83T,9S4 Gold.
Losses paid without discount, refer to 12th con
tlition ot company s policy.
BARBEE i CASTLE MAN, Oeneral Agents,
BARRETT A IJItO.. Aonls.
JAS. A. TUOSIAS, GEO. A. TLATT.
JAS. A. THOMAS fc CO.
Dealers in staple and fancy
Notion', Fancy Goods, Clothing, Boots and
Shp. Unt and C.iis. A large assortment of
these goods kept constantly on hand, and will
be sold at the very lowest casu put,
Tho undcrsizned would respectfully an
nounco to the citizen of Ohio county, tha
they are now prepared to do all kinds of
at their new shop in Hartford. They have se
cured tho services of a competent workman to
and they guar.tntco satisf-iitinn, both as to
work aud rciCES, in all ca5cs. They will
WAOONS AND BUGGIES,
and will make and furnish
COFriNS AND BURIAL CASES
at the lowest possible prices. Call and sec us
before engaging your wurk elsewhere.
and satisfaction guaranteed. By close applica
tion to business we hope to unrit iho support
of our friends. MAUZ1' & HURT.
Jan. 20, 1875. jalU ly
GEO, KLEEsT & 33HO:
Dealers in Iionse furnishing good, for general
uanu, trio ccicDraicu
ARIZONA COOIKIlSrG- STOVE,
ScTcn siics for cither coal or Rood.
nnu Damng. it nas no equal anywnero. uan ami sec iur ouraeis.
Cancer mid Sore Kjcs Cured.
Those afflicted with Sora Eyes or Cancer would
do well to call on
i). l. ;i:r:ouY,
Todd's Toint, Ky., who has been very suc
cessful in tho treatment of these diseases. He
can cure any cancer on the surface, if taken in
in time. Ho treats upon the system of "no cure
no pay." Give him a trial. nol 7 em
Wanted to borrow S3.000 for two or three
years, for which ten per cent, interest will be
paid payable semi-annually note to bo due
if interest is not promptly paid, and will se
cure the lender by a mortgage on real estate;
anl as an additional security will give him to
hold as collateral real estate lien notes worth
at least $0,000. Address "MONEY," care
Herald omce, Hartford, Ky.
. J. P. YAGER,
i&te and Livery SlaWe,
I desirs to inform the citizens of Hartford
and vicinity that 1 am prepared to furnish Sad
dle and Harness Stock, Buggiesand conveyan
ces of all kinds on the most reasonable terms.
Horses taken to feed or board by the day. week
or month. A liberal share of patrcnagc solici
ted, noi ly
A government land warrant for services rcn
dcred in the war ot 1812, for ICO acres of land,
For further information apply to J. M
Rogers, Beaver Dam, Ky., or
John P. Bj
Manufacturer of every description of Woolen
My mill has been enlarged and improved
making the capacity throe times greater than
last season, w e also nave a lull set ot
Clote Dressing Machinery,
For Casihncres, Tweeds, &c.
and are manufacturing a superior article of
AND PLAIN FLANNEL,
Stocking Yarn, &c.
AVe have larze and superior Wool Carding
Machinery, ana warrant all our worK.
Goods manufactured by tho yard, or in ex
change for wool.
Highest majket price paid in cash for wool
aro solicited to correspond wilh me. I will
make spvci il contracts witn y ou.anu inaKO u 10
your interest to uo so.
nolC Sm Rumscy, McLean Co., Ky.
1873 AGAIN ! 1875
Continues for the present rear its liberal ar
rangeuicnt, whereby, on the 31st of December,
1875. it will diatributo impartially among its
in presents, comprising greenbacks and nearly
one tnousanu u-umi anu ucaumui articles.
Tho Courier-Journal is a loug-cstablisbcd
livo, wide-awake, progressive, newsy, bright
and spicy paper.
No other paper offers such inducements to
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papers wiinout extra cnarge. AdJress
U. II A I. DEM AX,
President Courier-Journal Company
L. J. I. VOX.
Groceries awl Confa-tioneries.
Keeps constantly on hand a large assortmcn
of all kinds of Groceries and Confectioneries,
which ho will sell low for cash, or cxehan;
for all kinds of
I will also pay the highest ca'h price fo
hides, sheep pelts, eggs, butter, bacon, potatoes.
ucans, etc. not jy
WJI. UltAVES, 1VJI. T. COX
We respectfully announce to the citizens of
Hartford and Ohio count , that ne r.j pre
pared lo do Homo Carpentering, Furniture Ue
pjiriuj, an.l any kind of tVoo.l-woik, 011 short
notice at reasonable terms. Shop in Mauiy's
uollOm URAYK3 iJCOX.
JXO. JL KXEIX
kitchen and table nsc. TVo keep constantly on
Ilonso-kcepers aro delighted with its snperiir cookiDC
3X0. P. BARRETT k CO.,
Corner Court Place and Piccadilly street.
All orders promptly executed.
tcntion given to orders by mail,
price list. Address
JOHN P. BARRETT k CO.,
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KEPBESEXTATIVE AND CIIAXP-
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rE03rrcTW3 ron 1873 ncmn teak.
THE ART JOURNAL OF AMERICA,
A MAGNIFICANT CONCEPTION WON
DERFULLY CARRIED OUT.
Thonteemsity of a popular medium for the)
reprecentation of the proJn-tions of our great
artists has always been recognized, and many
attempts have been rnada to mcrtths want
The successive failures which havx so invariably
followed each attempt in this country to eitab
1UU an art jonrrni.'Mid not prove tno indiSce
ence of the peoplo of America to the claims of
nigh art. fco soon as a proper appreciation of
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per and engravings in any other shapo or num
ber of volumes, fur ten lime t't tmt; and tien,
there i iht chnmo, tclaV.'
The national featnre of Tea Aldine mast ha
taken in no narrow tense. True art is cosmo
politan. While Tbe Aldine is a strictly Ameri
ran institution, it does not eonSne itself to tha
peproduction of native art. It3 mission is to
cultivate a broad and appreciative art taste, ono
that will discriminate on grounds of intrinsia
merit. Thus, while pleadingbefore thepatrona
of The Aldine, as a leading cbtraeteristie. tho
productions of the most noted Acr-iean artists,
attention will always be given to specimens
from foreign masters, giving subscribers all the
pleasure and instruction obtainable frost homo
or ferelgn aoarees.
The artistic illustration of American scenery,
original with The Aldine is an important fea
ture, and its magnificent plate are of a sizo.
more appropriate to tho satisfactory treatment
of tietail. than can bo afforded by any inferior
page. Tbe judicious interspersienoflandscapo,
Biariae, figure and animal subjects, sustain an
unabated interest, impossible where the scepo
of the work confines the artUt too elosely to a
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worthy of tbe artistic features, with only such,
technical disquisitions as do not interfere with
tha popular interest of the work.
PREMIUM FOIl 1375.
Every snbscibcr for 1R75 will receive a beau
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dog-whose picture in a former issuo attracted so
"JW UrxelJiiK Frienil'
wilt be welcome to every home. Everybody
loves inch a dog, and tbo portrait is exeeutetl
so true to the life, that it seems the veritable
preenc of the animal itself. Tha Rev. T. Do
Witt Talmage tells that bis own Newfoundland
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though so natural, no one who 3ees this pre
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iicsidt j tho chromo every advance subscriber
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and entitled to the privileges of
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The Union owns tbe originals of all The Al
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members. To every scries of 5,000 subscribers
ICO different piees, valued at over $2,500, aro
distributed as loan as tho series is full, and tho
awards of each series as made, are to be pub
lished in the next suceeding issue of The Al
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