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AGUICU L T URAL.
Hie next srixty clays will make the j
accocron. Should the raius con-
tinue, of course a very poor crop will
be housed, for tobacco requires less
rain than any other crop after it U
transplanted. A dry August for a
good crop has long been the adage
among old farmers. Great care will
be needed to prevent this being one
of the most chaffy, inferior, crops ever
raided in the weH. Should worms be
come unusually numerous in August,
the great breadth of land planted will
be the cause of much lo-s, for the
labor of the country is over-cropped
hy the prolongation of wheat threshing
time a month beyond its uual period.
The very rap'd growth, caused by ex
cessive rains, without great care, will
produce a crop of "suckers" that will
carry off a very large portion of the
nicotine principle of the plant, and
make the leaves narrow, large
stemmed, streaky and thin, producing
a nondescript kind of tobacco that
will show badly in most classes of
work. The farmers should not top too
bkdi not more than 8 to 10 leaves at
the farthest, in order to prevent nar
rowness of leaf and lateness in ripen'
ing. In fact the experience of many
tobacco planters coincide in establish
ing the fact that tocacco will generally
make more at eight leaves than any
other number, though the invariable
rulp is that when even the top leaves
are lass in width and length than any
otliers on the plant, then the topping
w too high, and there has been a loss
both in weight and quality. The mar
kets of the world are bare of tobacco to
an extent not experienced for many
years, so that the growing crop will
all be needed, and more besides, to
fill up the vacuum, but our inferior
crop will have a tendency to produce
a dragging market, while a good crop
will move off with bouyancy. Tobacco
cut green this season will pay poorly,
while that thoroughly ripe will remun
crate well the labor bestowed on it.
Every farmer, for his own and the
general interest, should, for the next
sixty days, exert himself to produce
qood tobacco even at the sacrifice of
quantity. It will pay best Be cer
tain to have your tobacco well treated
after it is housed, for good handling
is an art rarely acquired even by the
best farmers, although nothing returns
so good a profit to the planter.
The Rural New Yorker says that
July and August are probably the
best months in the year for destroying
weeds. The summer heats are at their
fiercest, and all annual weeds cut
down, at the roots especially, rither
and die. The tougher perennials have
their growth for .the season, and have
nearly perfected their seed. The root
then has least vitality, and if the top
ha cut off a feblc effort is made to re
produce it, especially if the weed:
grow in a tough sod of grass. "We
have known frequent niouiugs of this
tles in sod to reduce the vitality of the
patch so much that it would produce
only here and there a sialk until the
field was again plowed. In the grow
ing corn August is of all months, the
time to destroy Canada thistles and
quaek. Keep the plant down as much
as possible early in the season; then,
as the corn begins to tassel out, go
through with a light hoe and cut out
every spear of thistle and pull up
every blade of quack, with all the
roots that can be got attached. The
quack should be put in heaps and
burned, but the thistle roots will sel
dorn if ever start again, and puffin'
tip at this season of the year, or even
cuttuig off, is final and certain de
struction. The cost of doing this is
not large, varying with the price of
labor and abundance of weeds ; but
we are satified that it is always a prof-
liable operation on all land foul with
thistles. AVc have repeatedly had the
cost more than repaid not only in the
corn crop, but in the f-ucceeding oats
and barley, lx-sides leaving the land
cleaner for years thereafter.
The Aberdeen (Miss.) Examine
speaks thus of a new species of oats:
Sir. "William Thompson, who farms
in the Northeastern portion of this
county, near the Alabama line, sent
us a the if of what he terms "tliegra
zing oats," on Saturday. He claims
that these oats, if sowed in October,
will aliord as fine pasturage as rye
all through the winter, and will yield
a more bountiful crop than any other
variety cut in the spring. Ifc also re
ganh them as proof against rust.
Mome-Maile Prtris firccn.
Those who have occasion to u?c
Paris green, a costly article when
bought at the drug stores in its fin
ished state, may find it profitable to
adopt the practice of an Iowa Prairie
Farmer correspondent. He says; "I
have had quite as good success in
using the ingredients from which the
green is made as from the finished ar
ticle, bought in paint and drug shop?
at fifty cents a pound, especially when
the local demand is so great that it
cannot be bought at all. The folio w-
ing directions for making it are taken
from llrande's Chemistry: Dissolve
two pounds of sulphate of coppcr,(blue
vitriol, costing twenty cents per pound,
or forty cents"), in a srallon of hot
water, keeping it hi a stone jar. Dis
t-olvc in another large jar one pound of
white arsenic (costing ten cents) and
two pounds of salaratus or pearlash,
cot twenty cents, in forty-fbur pounds
of hot water, stirring well till thor
oughly dissolved. These articles, cost
ing seventy cents, will make about
five pounds of Paris green, costing
$2.50. I usually keep them in solu
tion and mix in tlw proper proportion,
one part of the first to five of the lat
ter' as they arc needed. The green
immediately begins to precipitate in a
fine powder, and is much more con
venient for use, in solution, than the
dry articles sold in the shops."
The excellence of farm buildings
docs not consist so much in the mate
rial of which they arc built as in the
use made of those materials. Useful
buildings may be made of logs or prai
rie sods, or poles and coarse hay; and
these by skillful arrangement, may be
made to serve as useful a purpose as
dressed lumber and paint or pressed
brick. The main points are warmth,
dryness, and ventilation; for food is
wasted when an animal shivers in its
stable, or when its health is injured by
damn, filth, or bad air. A farmer
who is thoughtful about such small
things as this (although this is more
important than it appears) may be
taken to be a thrifty man, who, by
and by, will be able to build a bam
with all the improvements; and to
build, it properly too. The old prov
erb, "Take care of the small things
and the large ones will take care of
themselves," is applicable to matters
about farms and barnyards especially.
"When the small things arc wcl
watched large ones are not forgotten.
Doing Without Rain.
It would be by no means improbable
that some scientific and inventive
mind should adapt means to do away
with the need for min. Good farmers
already do this now in part by mul
ching newly set frees, keeping the sod
moist and light by deep and thorougl
pulverization. The air is always
charged with moisture, as we can see
on the dryest, hottest day by the drops
deposited on the surface of an ice
pitcher. AH that is needed is that the
air should freely circulate so deeply
iu the soil that its moisture will be
condensed by the colder particles of
earth. Or some substance bavin
strong affinity for water applied to the
earth would answer the same purpose.
A French chemist, M. Paraf, has
found this in chloride of calcium
which he has successfully applied in
time of drought to sand hills, road
beds, grass and all kinds of soil. He
claims to be able to irrigate land
more cheaply than by means of canal;
or pumping water. One application
will condense and retain the moisture
three days, while if applied by irriga
tion the water would evaporate in an
Farmers must not onlv so cultivate
the crops upon which they mainly de
pend for income as to make them prof
itable, but they must make all the
minor crops, which they raise for feed
ing stock or for family supplies pay
cost of cultivation, othcrwte the
profits of the leading crops will be ab
sorbed by the losses on minor crops
and the farm accounts will show a bal
ance on the wrong side.
"While Kentucky, Tennessee and
the West is drowned out by incessant
rains, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi
and Texas are suffering ino.-t intensely
Pon-OvEns. Take one cupful of
milk, one egg, one cupful of flour and
a little salt. Beat well, and put a ta
blespoonful of the batter in very small
pans. Bake quickly, and cat imme
Buttermilk Biscuit. Take throe
cnpfuls of buttermilk, add one of but
ter, one tcaspoonful of cream of tartar.
half a teaspoonful of soda, a desert
spoonful of salt, and flour enough to
make the dough just stiff enough to-
ndmit of being rolled out into biscuits.
The measure has not been accurately
ascertained, but calculate upon need'
rn alxnit two quarts of flour in ma-
k;ng by the above liighly-rccommciid-
Egos Dressed Sr.vxisii Fashion.
In a frying pan toss a slice of rich
bacon for the: sake of the flit it will
render; take away the bacon; mix a
tablespoon ful of honey with the bacon
tat; break into it a dozen new-laid eggs,
and do them slowly; take them up
with a skimmer, place them with
pickled red and green capsicums
Potatoes a la DccnnssE. The
following is the recipe of a good cook
in a private family in Paris: Take
five middle-sized, cold, boiled potatoes,
grate and mix them with five desert
spoonfuls of flour and a half-penny's
worth of milk, adding to the mixture
two eggs well beaten up; prepare a
panful of boiling fat, and drop spoon
fuls of the paste into the fat, taking
them out the instant they have acquired
a delicate golden brown color. "With
moderate care potatoes thus cooked
Pea Soup. Take a shank of beef
or a neck piece, put it in the pot with
two gallons of water and a little salt;
boil four hours; take two quarts of dry
peas, soak them over night, put them
in a kettle by themselves and boil till
perfectly soft (if they do not become
tender, add a little soda and change
the water, then rub them through the
colander; take out the meat and strain
the broth upon the peas. If not thick
enough, add a little flour. Split peas
require no straining.
French Mustard Take a quar
ter of a pound of best yellow mustard,
pour over it a half a pint each of water
and vinegar. Add a pinch of sali
and a piece of calamus root the size of
a pea. Put it on the fire, and while
it boils add a tablespoonful of flour.
Let it boil twenty minutes, stirring it
constantly. Just before taking it off
stir in a tcaspoonful of sugar or honey
"When cool, put it into bottles and
To Can Fruit or Any Kind After
getting well cleaned, set on the stove
in a little water; let come to a boiling
point; then put into jars and seal tight
ly and set in a cool place for use,
Heat your jars before putting in the
preserves; it keeps them from burst
Latino Carpet Away. If laid
aside, they may be sewed up tight in
linen, having snuff or tobacco put along
all the crevices where moths could en
ter. Shaking pepper from a pepper
box or Persian powder round the edge
of the floor under a carpet prevents
the access of moths.
Kerosene and rats, it has been dis
covered, have no affinity lor each
other, and it is only necessary to keep
a small quantity of kerosene in or
about their liaunts to. cause a general
A dark house is always unhealthy
an ill-aired house and a dirty house.
Want of light stops growth and pro
motes scrofula, rickets, etc., among
the children. People lose their healtli
in a dark house, and if they become
ill they cannot get well in it.
To get rid of the little red ants, use
carbolic acid, diluted with water, and
apply with a small bunch of feathers
wherever the ants are. If they do not
leave the first time you apply the acid
apply it again and stronger. Anoth
er good recipe to get rid of ants or any
other vermin is lo apply hot alum
water with a whitewash brush: Two
pounds of alum to two quarts of water,
boil until the alum is all melted. This
will banish any of the pests housekcep
crs are bothered with.
10 .MAKE liENS LiAY. We SCO
something said in the Macon Beacon
about a farmer turning his hens into
his oat field to make them lay. Wc
have always been surprised that far
mers did not plant rye patches espec
ially fur their hens. Plant rye in De
cembcr, turn your hens upon it in
February, and you will have youn
chickens in March. Wc have tried it,
and wc rated more chickens than any
body else in Kuitman county, Geor.
gia. Columbus (Mississippi) Index.
The Chicago Inter-Ocean says: Hun
drcds of children have fallen victims
to scarlet fever in this city during the
past three montlis. Concerning the
treatment of this disease, an eminent
physician says that he does not fail in
effecting a cure more than once in
hundred cases, by giving the patient
warm lemonade with gum arabic dis
solved in it. A clotli wrung out in
hot water and laid upon the stomach
should be rencwod as rapidly as it be
comas cold. To this simple treatment
the most obstinate cases seldom fail to
Many persons arc suffering pain from
weakness of the cye3. This sometimes
proceeds from local inflammation
sometimes from other causes. Several
persons who have thus been afflicted
inform us that they have derived almost
immediate, and in some cases perma
nent, relief from the application of salt
water as a bath; and when the pain has
been aggravated, from a compress sat
urated with salt water laid on the eyes
and renewed at frequent intervals.
Opening the eyes and submerging them
in clean salt water has been found ben
eficial to tho-"C whose eye-ighi begins
Olilt C.VXEYVIXI.K I.KTTER.
Canevvii.i.e. Ky., August 4.
Editor Herald: Since our last letter
but little of importance lias occurred in
this vicinity. Kain is etill falling almost
daily, and the corn and tobacco crop3 will
be cut short to some extent. It 11
thought the latter will yield about half a
crop. Business of nil kinds is (Hull, and
everything seems on a stand-stilt.
71IE CIIARMIN-G MISS FLOItl.
Miss Flora Dean, a beautiful and ac
complished young lady of Breckinridge
county, spent a few days in town last
week, visiting friends and relatives. But
she has returned home, carrying with her
the good wishes of her many friends of
thsj place. Her winsome fieantv and
gentle manners won for her the lasting
friendship of all with whom she came in
contact Come ngain, Miss Flora.
A NEW TOIUCCO FACTORY.
Porter & Eskridge, of this place, will
commence work on their new tobacco
Another race will be run next Satur
day, between the "Slippery Jim' horse,
owned by Clay Slinaon of this place, atid
the Fitzhugh mare, owned by Richard
Fitzhugh, of Ohio county, for a purse of
$200. This will be the third race
between the above named horses. The
first mentioned won the first race by
thirty-three feet, purse $100, and the
mare won the second by fifteen feet and
eight inches, purse $100.
tiiev co a ricsicjcrxG.
We in company with Miss Flora Dean
of Breckinridge county, and several youns
ladies and gentleman of this place, board
ed the east-bound train Saturday morning,
destined for the grand barbecue at Leitch
field. A few minutes run of lightning-
like rapidity, and we were at our destina
tion. We then proceeded to the grounds
about a mile eoutii ot town, winch, we
found crowded with people from all parts
of the county. Wallace Gruelle took the
speaker's stand, as per appointment, be
tween the hours of nine and ten o'clock
and delivered an eloquent and manly
speech in defense of Local Option, a
question which will come before the voters
of Leitch field district to-day. And th
people of said district have our best wish
es for success in driving the demon, strong
drink from their midst. Nothing more
of importance occurred until after dinner,
when we, Professor Hodges, of Boivling
Green, W. It. Haynes, ex-editor of th
Grayson county Herald, and Henry Kins,
esq., in company with some young ladies,
visited the "Bending Cliffs,'1 about half a
mile Eouth of the grounds. While there,
a voung man whom we wont call Bill
oecause ins name is liill, and who never
edited but two papers showed the ladies
how he could walk on an inclined, slick
rock. He also gave a gymnastic perform
ance, similar to that of a hog trying to
walk on ice, which proved to be very
amusing to the audience. After a short
speech from Prof. H. on "doodle bugs,'
we wound our way back to the grounds.
Then we went to Mrs. Hicks', up town,
and attended a highly interesting croquet
party. After attending the Good Tern
plars lodge at night, we boarded the west
bound train for home again, which place
we gained in twenty-four minutes, an
the last important event we have tochron
icle is that of a young lady, while goin
from the depot with an old bachelor o
this place, having to pull the old fellow
from a pond of mud, something less tha
five feet deep. Great credit ia due tl
young lady for the gallantry she dis
played in, perhaps, saving his life.
J. T. N.
Wrong KIikI of n Shirt.
It was a respectable-looking colored
man who brought his washing home.
"lour wife is a rood washerwoman
'sn't 61167"' said the young bachelor to th
polite and obsequious man.
"Yaas, sir; she commonly always give
sati'faction," replied the husband of the
"Well," resumed the young bachelor
in his blandest and most insinuating man
ner, "you can tell your wife that I esteem
her very highly as one possessing many
womanly and Christian- virtues a do
mestic gem and a household ornament,
social luminary and moral beacon, an ex
emplary Christian, a genial; loving wife.
a washerwoman among 10,000, and alto
gether lovely; but there's one objection
"What's dat, sar!" inquired the emilin
African, who had been showing two row
of spotless ivory and a cavernous opening
of the bead, while his wife was being
"What's dat, boss?"
"She puts all the starch in my soc'ts,
and none in my shirts; she washes or
irons all the buttous off, and forgets
replace them; exchanges my clothes for
those of some other patron, and if you'
look at this (holding up a garment)
you'll see how inconvenient it would be
to wear citiier pantaloons, cuffs or collars
with such a shirt as she sends me.
may be that she cuts off the arms and
collar to make the tail longer, but 1 can'
see what the deuce she should want
ruffle the edges for."
The darkey looked a little disgusted as
he wrapped the garment up to take
home, and he only said: "Idea scudinj
man dat kin' o' shiit!"
GEO. KLEIN, JNO. M. KLEIN
GEO. KLEIISr & BRO.
Dealers in house furnishin-"oods, for general
1 1 ,T.a
.A-HIZOISrA. COOBZIjSTGr STOVE,
Seven sizes for cither coal or wool.
ana baking. It has no equal anywhere. Call ana see lor yourseii.
J. F. YAGER,
(Safe and Livery Stable,
I desirs to Inform the citizens of Hartford
and vicinity that 1 am prepared to furnish Sad
dle and Harness jtocK, JJuggieaanu conveyan
ces of all kinds on tho most reasonable terms.
Horses taken to feed or board by the day, week
or month. A liberal share of patronage solici
IT. P. ItKItlt Y.HAN,
Coats, rants and Vests cut, made and re
paired in the best style at the lowest prices.
nol l j
Security nnil Indemnity.
CAPITAL, 810,000,000 GOLD.
OAsn Assets, ovkr $12,000,000 Gor.D.
Cash Assets ix U. S., $1,837,084 Goto.
Losses paid without discount, refer to 12th con
dition of Company's policy.
BARBEE &CASTLEMAN, Oeneral Agents,
BAKRETT A BRO.. Asrent.
WM. IIARDWICK, A. T. 3ALL.
IIARDUICK A .VAIX,
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES. HATS, CAPS
BOOTS. SHOES, HARDWARE,
WK.nti will nll !av fnr ftnali ni mrti iy rrt
for country produce, paying the highest market
New Goods! New Goods!
L. ROSENBERG & BRO.
Erery department in our stock is full and oar
prices are uo-wd to mo
Wc are confident that no other house will do
as well "by you as ours. Wo respectfully so
licit an examination or our
GOODS AND PRICES
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of The Aldine, as a leading characteristic, tha
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attention will always ba given to specimens
from foreign masters, giving subscribers all tha
pleasure and instruction obtainable from hms
or foreign sources.
The artistic illustration of American scenery,
original with The Aldine is an important fea
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more appropriate to the satisfactory treatment
of details than can ba afforded by any inferior
page. Thejudicious interspersion of landscape,
marine, figure and anima subjects, sustain an
unabated interest, impossible where the scopa
of the work conSnes the artist too closely to a
single style of subject. The literature of Tha
Aldine is a light and graceful accompaniment,
worthy of the artistia features, with only such
technical disquisitions as do not interfere wit&
the popular interest of tha work.
PREMIUM FOR 1875.
Pvery snbsciber for 1375 will receive a bean
tifut portrait, in oil co'ors, of the same nobla
dog whose picture in a farmer issue attracted i
"Man' Unselfish Friend'
will be welcome to every home. Everybody
loves such a dog, and the portrait is executed
so true to tbe life, that it seems tha veritable
presence of the animal itself. The Rev. T. Da
Witt Talmage tails that his own Newfoundland
dog (tha finest in Brooklyn) barks at it. Al
though so natural, no one who sees this pre
mium enromo wui nave tne sugutesi tear or
Besides tho ehromo every advance subscriber
to The Aldine for 1375 is constituted a member
and entitled to the privileges of
THE ALDINT2 ART "UNION.
Tha Union owns the originals of all The Al
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engravings, are to be distributed among the
members. To every series ofi.OUO subscribers
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distributed as soon as the series is full, and the
awards of each series as- made, are to be pub
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Continues tor tie present year its liberal ar
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1375, it will distribute impartially among its
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ado a specialty. Wilt shoe alt round for $t .23